CN103809541A - Control system and method for buildings and building groups - Google Patents

Control system and method for buildings and building groups Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103809541A
CN103809541A CN201210453926.7A CN201210453926A CN103809541A CN 103809541 A CN103809541 A CN 103809541A CN 201210453926 A CN201210453926 A CN 201210453926A CN 103809541 A CN103809541 A CN 103809541A
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node
control
network
region
building
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CN201210453926.7A
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CN103809541B (en
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江亿
姜子炎
赵千川
陈曦
张辉
杨锐
柳哲
代允闯
吴楠
乔利锋
宋芳婷
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清华大学
联合技术公司
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Abstract

The invention provides a control method for buildings. The control method for the buildings comprises the following steps of dividing the buildings into a plurality of space regions which are mutually adjacent and independent; setting a node unit in every space region and enabling the node units to be used for controlling the space regions; performing network interconnection on the node units in the space regions which are adjacent in space, designing the adjacent node units to be in mutual communication to form into a node control network which is corresponding to the buildings and monitoring the buildings through the node control network. Compared with the existing three-layer control method, the new building control method has the advantages of being good in universality and low in construction cost. The invention also discloses a control system for the buildings and building groups.

Description

用于建筑和建筑群的控制系统和方法 System and method for controlling a group of buildings and architectural

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及建筑技术领域,特别是涉及一种新颖的用于建筑或者建筑群的控制系统和方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of building technology, in particular, relates to a novel system and method for controlling a building or group of buildings.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在现有的建筑控制系统中,通常围绕现有设备或者设备提供商为中心对建筑实现中央控制,目前最常用的控制方式为分级集中控制方式。 [0002] In the conventional control system architecture, generally around existing equipment or equipment provider for central control center of the building, the most common way to control the centralized control hierarchy. 如图1中所示,在中央控制室对例如建筑的空调系统、火灾系统和安全系统进行集中控制。 As shown in FIG. 1, for example, centralized control of the air conditioning system of the building, fire and safety systems in a central control room. 但是,在如图1中所示的控制系统中,存在的问题在于,这种包括例如站控管理层、网络通讯层、现场设备层的三层集中控制系统架构与建筑空间结构不同,为了使建筑管理功能得以实现,需要大量的配置组网工作。 However, in the control system shown in FIG. 1, there is a problem in that, for example, this station comprising a control management, network communication layer, three-layer field device control system architecture with centralized architecture different spatial structure, in order to make building management functions can be achieved, requires a lot of work to configure networking. 由于从不同的设备供应商处采购硬件,由此导致在不同的硬件之间进行配置难度很大,且由于各自的控制逻辑的不同导致需要在不同的设备供应商之间进行沟通。 Since the procurement of hardware devices from different vendors, which led to be great difficulty between different configuration of hardware, and because of their different control logic leads to the need to communicate between different equipment vendors. 甚至是从同一个设备供应商处采购的硬件也是需要进行大量的硬件配置,其中涉及硬件、暖通等多项技术之间的相互适配,对整个系统的全局需要有深刻的理解,由此对操作人员的水平提出了很高的要求。 Even also need to purchase hardware from the same vendor equipment at a large number of hardware configurations, which involves mutual adaptation between a number of technical hardware, HVAC, etc., it requires a deep understanding of the overall situation of the whole system, thus the operator of the level of high demands put forward.

[0003] 由此导致的后果在于,对整个建筑的控制系统的配置必须按照逐个案例(case-by-case)来进行,成本高且缺乏通用性。 [0003] consequences resulting in that the configuration of the control system of the building must be carried out in accordance with the by-case (case-by-case), the high cost and lack of versatility.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明旨在至少解决现有技术中存在的技术问题之一。 [0004] The present invention is to solve at least one of the prior art technical problems.

[0005] 为此,本发明需要提供一种用于建筑的控制方法,所述控制方法通用性好,且构建成本低。 [0005] To this end, the present invention requires to provide a control method for a building, the control method common good, low cost and build.

[0006] 此外,本发明需要提供一种用于建筑的控制系统,所述控制系统基于区域进行集成,通用性好,且支持复杂的网络计算和控制,成本低。 [0006] Further, the present invention requires to provide a control system architecture for an integrated control system based on the area, versatility, and support for complex network computing and control, and low cost.

[0007] 此外,本发明还需要提供一种建筑群的控制系统,所述控制系统的构建成本低,且 [0007] Further, the present invention is also a need to provide a control system for a group of buildings, the construction of low cost control system, and

管理方便。 Easy to manage.

[0008] 有鉴于此,根据本发明的一方面,提供给了一种用于建筑的控制方法,包括以下步骤:将所述建筑划分成多个空间区域,所述空间区域彼此相邻且相互独立;在每个空间区域中设置节点单元,所述节点单元用于对所述每个空间区域进行控制;以及空间相邻的所述空间区域内的所述节点单元被分别进行网络互连,且所述相邻的所述节点单元之间构造成彼此可相互通信,以形成与所述建筑相对应的节点控制网络并通过所述节点控制网络对所述建筑进行监控。 [0008] In view of this, according to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a control method for a construction, comprising the steps of: dividing the building into a plurality of spatial regions, the spatial region adjacent to each other and mutually independent; means provided in each node region of space, said node means for controlling each of said spatial region; and the node unit in the space adjacent to the space regions are respectively interconnected network, configured between the node and the neighboring cells to communicate with each other mutually to form the building control network nodes corresponding to the building, and monitored by the control network node.

[0009] 由此,基于本发明的上述方法的构思,通过将建筑划分成空间区域并对应地构造节点控制网络,使控制网络的拓扑结构与建筑空间的拓扑结构基本一致,从而大大减少组网配置工作,极大地提高了对整个建筑控制的通用性,减少了基于现有的建筑中央控制的缺点。 [0009] Accordingly, the above-described method based on the concept of the present invention, by building into a spatial region and configured to correspond to the network node control the topology and topology of the building space consistent control network, thus greatly reducing the network configuration work, greatly improves the versatility of the control of the entire building and reduce the disadvantages of the prior construction based on central control. 此外,由于空间区域的划分和节点单元的设置的便捷性以及节点单元构造的一致性,从而对配置和操作人员的要求非常低,降低了整个建筑的控制和维护成本。 Further, since the consistency and ease of set division unit node and the node region of space-cell structure, so that the configuration and requirements of the operator is very low, reducing the control and maintenance costs of the building.

[0010] 此外,在本发明所提供的建筑控制方法中,改变了传统的建筑控制模式,即强调相邻的拓扑结构之间的相互通信,而非对脱离建筑本身物理结构而另外构建一套建筑控制系统或者方法。 [0010] Further, in the construction according to the present invention, the control method provided in the traditional architecture changes the control mode, i.e., it stressed intercommunication between adjacent topology, rather than on the physical structure of the building itself from further build a building control system or method. 即,在本发明中,用于控制建筑的拓扑结构与建筑的自身拓扑结构是彼此对应和一致的,从而使得对建筑的控制更本源化,且能够对建筑实施实时的控制,而非让单独的监控人员在单独的地方进行集中控制和配置,从而最大程度地实现了建筑的智能化。 That is, in the present invention, for controlling the building itself topology and architecture topology correspond to each other and are identical, so that more control of the origin of the building, and can be implemented in real-time control of the building, rather than let alone the monitoring personnel for centralized control and configuration in a separate place, to the greatest extent possible to achieve the intelligent building.

[0011] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述节点控制网络配置成无中心节点网络或者伪中心节点网络。 [0011] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the network node is configured to control the non-central network node or dummy node of the network center.

[0012] 由此,通过将该节点控制网络配置成无中心节点网络或者伪中心节点网络,相较于现有的三层集中控制系统架构,可以通过节点单元的无中心控制而将整个建筑中的信息及时反馈到所需的节点单元,并进行适应性调节或者控制。 [0012] Thus, by configuring the control network node to the network without central node or dummy node of the network center, as compared to the conventional three centralized control system architecture, no central node may be controlled by means of the entire building and information timely feedback to the desired node unit, and adaptively adjusted or controlled.

[0013] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述空间区域包括:与人相关的空间区域;以及与设备相关联的空间区域,所述设备用于对所述建筑的至少一部分进行控制。 [0013] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the spatial region comprising: a spatial region associated with the person; and a space region associated with the device, the device for controlling at least a part of the building.

[0014] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述与人相关联的空间区域包括房间空间区域和廊道空间区域,其中所述房间空间区域和所述廊道空间区域彼此相邻且相互独立。 [0014] According to an embodiment of the present invention, with the associated spatial region comprises a human region and a corridor space of the room space region, wherein said room space region and the region adjacent to each other and the corridor spaces independent of each other.

[0015] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述房间空间区域和所述廊道空间区域物理地隔离划分或者虚拟地隔离划分。 [0015] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the room space region and the region is physically isolated corridor space or the virtual division is divided isolated.

[0016] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述房间空间区域通过物理墙体的至少一部分隔离划分;以及所述廊道空间区域包括对走廊和楼梯的物理隔离划分或者虚拟隔离划分。 [0016] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the spatial region through a room wall at least a portion of the isolation physical division; corridor space and the physical isolation of the region including corridors and stairs or the virtual division is divided isolation.

[0017] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述设备包括暖通空调设备、照明设备、采光设备、给排水设备、室内交通设备、供配电设备、消防设备、安防设备和围护结构中的至少一个。 [0017] In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, the apparatus comprises a HVAC equipment, lighting equipment, lighting equipment, water supply and drainage equipment, indoor transportation equipment, power distribution equipment, fire-fighting equipment, security equipment and Envelopes at least one.

[0018] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述空间区域的划分通过人工进行、自动进行或者半自动半人工进行。 [0018] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the spatial region divided by manually, semi-automatically or semi-manually.

[0019] 根据本发明的一个实施例,空间相邻的所述空间区域内的所述节点单元之间配置成彼此可交互通信。 [0019] may be configured to interact with each other according to the communication between the node unit within a space region embodiment of the present invention, spatially adjacent.

[0020] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述节点单元对设置在其中的所述空间区域进行信号采集、控制且对相邻节点单元的请求进行响应。 [0020] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the node unit disposed in the space region in which signal acquisition, and a request control unit responding to an adjacent node.

[0021] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述节点单元物理地连接或者无线地连接,以形成所述节点控制网络。 [0021] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the node unit is physically connected or wirelessly connected, to form the control network node.

[0022] 根据本发明的一个实施例,每个所述节点单元用于监控所述空间区域的HVAC、照明、采光、安防、消防和围护结构中的至少一个。 [0022] According to one embodiment of the present invention, each of the nodes means for HVAC, lighting, lighting, security, fire and monitor the spatial envelope of the at least one region.

[0023] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述节点控制网络配置成分布式计算网络。 [0023] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the network node is configured to control a distributed computing network.

[0024] 根据本发明的另外一方面,提供了一种用于建筑的控制系统,包括设置在所述建筑内的节点控制网络,所述节点控制网络由多个如下的节点单元配置而成:将所述建筑划分成多个空间区域,所述空间区域彼此相邻且相互独立;以及在每个所述空间区域中设置所述节点单元,所述节点单元用于对所述每个空间区域进行控制,其中空间相邻的所述空间区域内的所述节点单元被分别进行网络互连,且所述相邻的所述节点单元之间构造成彼此可相互通信,以形成与所述建筑相对应的节点控制网络并通过所述节点控制网络对所述建筑进行监控。 [0024] In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a control system for a building, comprising a node disposed within the building control network, the network node control unit configured by a plurality of nodes from the following: the building is divided into a plurality of spatial regions, the spatial region adjacent to each other and independently from each other; and the node unit disposed in each of the spatial region, said node units for each spatial region of the control, which may be configured to communicate with each of said nodes between said another unit in the space adjacent to the space regions are respectively interconnected network, and the adjacent cell, to form the building corresponding node control and monitor the network by construction of the network control node. [0025] 此外,在本发明所提供的用于建筑的控制系统中,改变了传统的建筑控制模式,SP强调相邻的拓扑结构之间的相互通信,而非对脱离建筑本身物理结构而另外构建一套建筑控制系统。 [0025] Further, in the control system of the present invention provides for construction, the building has changed the traditional control mode, SP stressed intercommunication between adjacent topology, not the physical structure of the building itself from the other construction of a building control system. 即,在本发明中,用于控制建筑的拓扑结构与建筑的自身拓扑结构是彼此对应和一致的,从而使得对建筑的控制更本源化,且能够对建筑实施实时的控制,而非让单独的监控人员在单独的地方进行集中控制和配置,从而最大程度地实现了建筑的智能化。 That is, in the present invention, for controlling the building itself topology and architecture topology correspond to each other and are identical, so that more control of the origin of the building, and can be implemented in real-time control of the building, rather than let alone the monitoring personnel for centralized control and configuration in a separate place, to the greatest extent possible to achieve the intelligent building.

[0026] 由此,根据本发明的用于建筑的控制系统,通过将建筑划分成空间区域并对应地构造节点控制网络,从而极大地提高了对整个建筑控制的通用性,减少了不同设备之间基于现有的建筑中央控制的缺点。 [0026] Thus, according to the construction of the control system of the present invention, by building into a spatial region and configured to correspond to the control network node, thereby greatly enhancing the versatility of the building control equipment reduces the different based disadvantages of the prior construction between the central control. 此外,由于空间区域的划分和节点单元的设置的便捷性以及节点单元构造的一致性,从而对配置和操作人员的要求非常低,降低了整个建筑的控制和维护成本。 Further, since the consistency and ease of set division unit node and the node region of space-cell structure, so that the configuration and requirements of the operator is very low, reducing the control and maintenance costs of the building.

[0027] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述空间区域包括:与人相关的空间区域;以及与设备相关联的空间区域,所述设备用于对所述建筑的至少一部分进行控制。 [0027] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the spatial region comprising: a spatial region associated with the person; and a space region associated with the device, the device for controlling at least a part of the building.

[0028] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述与人相关联的空间区域包括房间空间区域和廊道空间区域,其中所述房间空间区域和所述廊道空间区域彼此相邻且相互独立。 [0028] According to an embodiment of the present invention, with the associated spatial region comprises a human region and a corridor space of the room space region, wherein said room space region and the region adjacent to each other and the corridor spaces independent of each other.

[0029] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述房间空间区域和所述廊道空间区域物理地隔离划分或者虚拟地隔离划分。 [0029] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the room space region and the region is physically isolated corridor space or the virtual division is divided isolated.

[0030] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述房间空间区域通过物理墙体的至少一部分隔离划分;以及所述廊道空间区域包括对走廊和楼梯的物理隔离划分或者虚拟隔离划分。 [0030] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the spatial region through a room wall at least a portion of the isolation physical division; corridor space and the physical isolation of the region including corridors and stairs or the virtual division is divided isolation.

[0031] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述设备包括暖通空调设备、照明设备、采光设备、给排水设备、室内交通设备、供配电设备、消防设备、安防设备和围护结构中的至少一个。 [0031] In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, the apparatus comprises a HVAC equipment, lighting equipment, lighting equipment, water supply and drainage equipment, indoor transportation equipment, power distribution equipment, fire-fighting equipment, security equipment and Envelopes at least one.

[0032] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述空间区域的划分通过人工进行、自动进行或者半自动半人工进行。 [0032] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the spatial region divided by manually, semi-automatically or semi-manually.

[0033] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述节点单元对与其相对应的所述空间区域进行信号采集、控制且对相邻节点单元的请求进行响应。 [0033] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the node unit corresponding thereto to the spatial area signal acquisition, and a request control unit responding to an adjacent node.

[0034] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述节点单元物理地连接或者无线地连接,以形成所述节点控制网络。 [0034] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the node unit is physically connected or wirelessly connected, to form the control network node.

[0035] 根据本发明的一个实施例,每个所述节点单元用于监控所述空间区域的HVAC、照明、采光、消防、安防和围护结构中的至少一个。 [0035] According to one embodiment of the present invention, each of the nodes means for HVAC, lighting, lighting, fire protection, security monitoring, and the space envelope of the at least one region.

[0036] 根据本发明的一个实施例,空间相邻的所述空间区域内的所述节点单元之间配置成彼此可交互通信。 [0036] may be configured to interact with each other according to the communication between the node unit within a space region embodiment of the present invention, spatially adjacent.

[0037] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述节点控制网络配置成对无中心节点网络或者伪中心节点网络。 [0037] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the network node configured to control non-central node of the network central node or dummy network.

[0038] 由此,通过将该节点控制网络配置成无中心节点网络或者伪中心节点网络,相较于现有的中央控制架构,可以通过节点单元的无中心控制而将整个建筑中的信息及时反馈到所需的节点单元,并进行适应性控制,从而可以方便地从任何一个节点单元执行对整个建筑的控制。 [0038] Thus, by configuring the control network node to the network without central node or dummy node of the network center, compared to the existing central control architecture, no central node may be controlled by means of the information in a timely manner throughout the building a feedback unit to the desired node, and adaptive control, can be conveniently prepared from any one node unit performs control of the entire building.

[0039] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述节点控制网络配置成分布式计算网络。 [0039] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the network node is configured to control a distributed computing network.

[0040] 根据本发明的又一方面,提供了一种用于建筑群的控制系统,所述建筑群包括多个建筑,所述控制系统包括:设置在每个所述建筑内的节点控制网络,每个所述节点控制网络由多个如下的节点单元配置而成: [0040] According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a control system for a building complex, said complex comprising a plurality of construction, the control system comprising: disposed within each of the building control network node , each of the nodes of the network configuration control element a plurality of nodes from the following:

[0041] 将所述建筑划分成多个空间区域,所述空间区域彼此相邻且相互独立;以及在每个所述空间区域中设置所述节点单元,所述节点单元用于对所述每个空间区域进行控制,其中空间相邻的所述空间区域内的所述节点单元被分别进行网络互连,且所述相邻的所述节点单元之间构造成彼此可相互通信,以形成与所述建筑相对应的节点控制网络并通过所述节点控制网络对所述建筑进行监控,且其中所述多个建筑的所述节点控制网络彼此网络互连。 [0041] The building is divided into a plurality of spatial regions, the spatial region adjacent to each other and independently from each other; and the node unit disposed in each of the spatial region, the means for each of said node controlling a spatial region, where each may be configured to communicate with each other between the node of said node unit in the space adjacent to the space regions are respectively interconnected network, and the adjacent cell, to form a the building control network node corresponding to the building, and monitored by the control network node, and wherein said plurality of control nodes of the network architecture of a network interconnected with each other.

[0042] 由此,除了上述的节点控制网络所带来的优点之外,还可以实现对多个建筑进行控制管理,且整个建筑群的控制结构构建成本低,通用性好。 [0042] Thus, in addition to the advantage of the above node caused by the network control, it may take multiple building control and management, and control structure of the buildings constructed of low cost, good universality.

[0043] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述节点单元对与其相对应的所述空间区域进行信号采集、控制且对相邻节点单元的请求进行响应。 [0043] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the node unit corresponding thereto to the spatial area signal acquisition, and a request control unit responding to an adjacent node.

[0044] 根据本发明的一个实施例,相邻的所述节点控制网络通过彼此物理距离最接近的两个节点单元的通信而进行网络连接。 [0044] In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, the adjacent node through the communication control network physically closest distance from each other two nodes of the network connecting units.

[0045] 根据本发明的一个实施例,相邻的所述节点控制网络通过相邻的多个节点单元的通信而进行网络连接。 And a plurality of network nodes connected by a communication unit of the adjacent [0045] to the control network node according to one embodiment of the present invention adjacent.

[0046] 本发明的附加方面和优点将在下面的描述中部分给出,部分将从下面的描述中变得明显,或通过本发明的实践了解到。 [0046] Additional aspects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows, from the following description in part be apparent from, or learned by practice of the present invention.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0047] 本发明的上述和/或附加的方面和优点从结合下面附图对实施例的描述中将变得明显和容易理解,其中: [0047] The foregoing and / or other aspects and advantages of the invention will be described with reference to embodiments in conjunction with the embodiments become apparent and more readily appreciated below, wherein:

[0048] 图1是现有的建筑控制系统的结构示意图; [0048] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a conventional building control system;

[0049] 图2是显示了根据本发明的一个实施例的、用于建筑的控制方法的流程图; [0049] FIG. 2 is a flowchart of a method for controlling the construction of the embodiment of the present invention according to one embodiment;

[0050] 图3显示了根据本发明的一个实施例的、用于单层建筑的空间区域的划分示意图; [0050] FIG. 3 shows a schematic view of a division, space area for building a single embodiment of the present invention;

[0051] 图4显示了根据本发明的一个实施例的、用于空间多层建筑的空间区域的划分示意图; [0051] Figure 4 shows a schematic view of a division, a space area of ​​space for a multi-storey building of the embodiment of the present invention;

[0052] 图5显示了在图3中所划分的空间区域中所形成的节点网络示意图; [0052] FIG. 5 shows a schematic diagram of a network node in a spatial region divided in FIG. 3 is formed;

[0053] 图6显示了在图4中所划分的空间区域中所形成的节点网络示意图; [0053] FIG. 6 shows a schematic diagram of a network node in a spatial region in FIG. 4 formed in the divided;

[0054] 图7显示了根据本发明的一个实施例的节点控制网络的示意图; [0054] FIG. 7 shows a diagram of the control network node according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0055] 图8显示了根据本发明的一个实施例的节点单元的结构示意图; [0055] FIG. 8 shows a schematic configuration of a node according to an embodiment of the unit according to the present invention;

[0056] 图9显示了根据本发明的一个实施例的用于建筑的控制方法来对火灾进行预警的不意图; [0056] Figure 9 shows not intended to fire warning control method according to an embodiment of the present invention, for construction;

[0057] 图10显示了根据本发明的一个实施例的用于建筑的控制方法来对进行分布式计算的示意图;以及 [0057] FIG. 10 shows a schematic for calculation of the distributed control method according to an embodiment of the present invention, for construction; and

[0058] 图11显示了根据本发明的一个实施例的用于建筑群的控制系统。 [0058] FIG. 11 shows the control system for buildings according to one embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0059] 下面详细描述本发明的实施例,所述实施例的示例在附图中示出,其中自始至终相同或类似的标号表示相同或类似的元件或具有相同或类似功能的元件。 [0059] Example embodiments of the present invention is described in detail below, exemplary embodiments of the embodiment shown in the accompanying drawings, wherein same or similar reference numerals designate the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar functions. 下面通过参考附图描述的实施例是示例性的,仅用于解释本发明,而不能理解为对本发明的限制。 By following with reference to the embodiments described are exemplary only for explaining the present invention and should not be construed as limiting the present invention.

[0060] 在本发明的描述中,术语“纵向”、“横向”、“上”、“下”、“前”、“后”、“左”、“右”、“竖直”、“水平”、“顶”、“底”等指示的方位或位置关系为基于附图所示的方位或位置关系,仅是为了便于描述本发明而不是要求本发明必须以特定的方位构造和操作,因此不能理解为对本发明的限制。 [0060] In the description of the present invention, the term "longitudinal", "lateral", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal orientation or positional relationship "," top "," bottom "and the like as indicated by the position or orientation based on the relationship shown in the drawings, are merely for convenience of description the present invention is not a requirement of the present invention to be operated in a particular orientation and configuration, so It should not be construed as limiting the present invention.

[0061] 此外,在本发明的描述中,除非另有规定和限定,需要说明的是,术语“安装”、“相连”、“连接”应做广义理解,例如,可以是机械连接或电连接,也可以是两个元件内部的连通,可以是直接相连,也可以通过中间媒介间接相连,对于本领域的普通技术人员而言,可以根据具体情况理解上述术语的具体含义。 [0061] Further, in describing the present invention, unless otherwise specified or limited, it is noted that the term "mounted," "connected to", "connected" are to be broadly understood, for example, may be a mechanical or electrically connected , may be two internal communicating elements may be directly connected, can also be connected indirectly through an intermediary, to those of ordinary skill in the art, to be understood that the specific meanings depending on the circumstances.

[0062] 进一步地,在下述任何方法的说明中,流程图中或在此以其他方式描述的任何过程或方法描述可以被理解为,表示包括一个或更多个用于实现特定逻辑功能或过程的步骤的可执行指令的代码的模块、片段或部分,并且本发明的优选实施方式的范围包括另外的实现,其中可以不按所示出或讨论的顺序,包括根据所涉及的功能按基本同时的方式或按相反的顺序,来执行功能,这应被本发明的实施例所属技术领域的技术人员所理解。 Any process or method [0062] Further, in any of the methods described below, in the flowchart described herein or otherwise described may be understood to indicate comprises one or more for implementing specific logical functions or processes module, segment, or portion of code executable instructions of steps, and the scope of the preferred embodiment of the present invention includes other implementations, which may be shown or discussed in order not press, comprising the functionality involved by substantially simultaneously manner or in reverse order, to perform a function, it should be understood that embodiments of the present invention. Those skilled in the art.

[0063] 在流程图中表示或在此以其他方式描述的逻辑和/或步骤,例如,可以被认为是用于实现逻辑功能的可执行指令的定序列表,可以具体实现在任何计算机可读介质中,以供指令执行系统、装置或设备(如基于计算机的系统、包括处理器的系统或其他可以从指令执行系统、装置或设备取指令并执行指令的系统)使用,或结合这些指令执行系统、装置或设备而使用。 [0063] or represents a logical and / or steps described herein in other ways, for example, may be considered as a sequencing table executable instructions for implementing logical functions in the flowcharts, can be embodied in any computer-readable medium to instruction execution system, apparatus, or device (e.g., computer-based system, processor-containing system, or other system may be performed from instruction fetch apparatus, or device and execute the instructions) using, instruction execution, or a combination of these system, apparatus, or device used. 就本说明书而言,"计算机可读介质"可以是任何可以包含、存储、通信、传播或传输程序以供指令执行系统、装置或设备或结合这些指令执行系统、装置或设备而使用的装置。 For purposes of this specification, a "computer-readable medium" can be any means can comprise, store, communicate, propagate, or transport the program for instruction execution system, apparatus, or device, or with the instruction execution system, apparatus, or device and used. 计算机可读介质的更具体的示例(非穷尽性列表)包括以下:具有一个或多个布线的电连接部(电子装置),便携式计算机盘盒(磁装置),随机存取存储器(RAM),只读存储器(R0M),可擦除可编辑只读存储器(EPR0M或闪速存储器),光纤装置,以及便携式光盘只读存储器(⑶ROM)。 More specific examples (a non exhaustive list) of the computer-readable medium comprising: an electrical connection (electronic device) having one or more wires, a portable computer diskette cartridge (magnetic device), a random access memory (RAM), a read only memory (R0M), erasable read-only memory edit (EPR0M or flash memory), an optical fiber device, and a portable compact disc read-only memory (⑶ROM). 另外,计算机可读介质甚至可以是可在其上打印所述程序的纸或其他合适的介质,因为可以例如通过对纸或其他介质进行光学扫描,接着进行编辑、解译或必要时以其他合适方式进行处理来以电子方式获得所述程序,然后将其存储在计算机存储器中。 Further, the computer-readable medium could even be paper or another suitable medium upon which the program is printed, as can, for example paper or other medium by optical scanning, and then edited, if necessary, interpreted, or otherwise suitable to be processed using the program obtained electronically, and then stored in a computer memory.

[0064] 应当理解,本发明的各部分可以用硬件、软件、固件或它们的组合来实现。 [0064] It should be understood that various portions of the present invention may be implemented in hardware, software, firmware or a combination thereof to achieve. 在上述实施方式中,多个步骤或方法可以用存储在存储器中且由合适的指令执行系统执行的软件或固件来实现。 In the above-described embodiment, a plurality of steps or methods may be implemented in software or firmware and executed by a suitable system executing instructions stored in a memory with.

[0065] 下面将结合附图来详细描述根据本发明的用于建筑的控制方法。 [0065] Next, a control method for the construction of the present invention is described in detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. 如图2中所示,该方法可以包括以下步骤:将所述建筑划分成多个空间区域,所述空间区域彼此相邻且相互独立(S100);在每个空间区域中设置节点单元,所述节点单元用于对所述每个空间区域进行控制(S200);以及所述节点单元被分别进行网络互连并形成与所述建筑相对应的节点控制网络,以通过所述节点控制网络对所述建筑进行监控(S300 )。 As shown in FIG. 2, the method may comprise the steps of: dividing the building into a plurality of spatial regions, and the spatial region adjacent to each other independent of each other (SlOO); a space is provided in each node unit area, the means for controlling said node (S200) for each of said spatial region; and the node units are respectively interconnected to form a network with nodes corresponding to the building control network, through the network control node the building monitoring (S300).

[0066] 由此,通过本发明的上述方法的构思,通过将建筑划分成空间区域并对应地构造节点控制网络,从而极大地提高了对整个建筑控制的通用性,减少了不同设备之间基于现有的建筑中央控制的缺点。 [0066] Thus, contemplated by the above-described method of the present invention, by building into a spatial region and configured to correspond to the control network node, thereby greatly enhancing the versatility of the construction of the entire control between different devices based on the reduction central control disadvantage existing building. 此外,由于空间区域的划分和节点单元的设置的便捷性以及节点单元构造的一致性,从而对配置和操作人员的要求非常低,降低了整个建筑的控制和维护成本,同时也实现了对建筑控制的即插即用控制。 Further, since the consistency and ease of set division unit node and the node region of space-cell structure, so that the configuration and requirements of the operator is very low, reducing the overall cost of maintenance and control of the building, but also to achieve the architectural Plug & Play control of.

[0067] 此外,在本发明所提供的建筑控制方法中,改变了传统的建筑控制模式,即强调相邻的拓扑结构之间的相互通信,而非对脱离建筑本身物理结构而另外构建一套建筑控制系统或者方法。 [0067] Further, in the construction according to the present invention, the control method provided in the traditional architecture changes the control mode, i.e., it stressed intercommunication between adjacent topology, rather than on the physical structure of the building itself from further build a building control system or method. 即,在本发明中,用于控制建筑的拓扑结构与建筑的自身拓扑结构是彼此对应和一致的,从而使得对建筑的控制更本源化,且能够对建筑实施实时的控制,而非让单独的监控人员在单独的地方进行集中控制和配置,从而最大程度地实现了建筑的智能化。 That is, in the present invention, for controlling the building itself topology and architecture topology correspond to each other and are identical, so that more control of the origin of the building, and can be implemented in real-time control of the building, rather than let alone the monitoring personnel for centralized control and configuration in a separate place, to the greatest extent possible to achieve the intelligent building.

[0068] 此外,需要说明的是,此处的“划分”指的是将构建好的建筑进行虚拟区隔,而非指的是对正在构建中的建筑进行的物理或者虚拟划分。 [0068] In addition, it is noted that "divide" as used herein refers to the virtual build good buildings segment, rather refers to a physical or virtual division of the buildings being built in. 即,本发明的术语“划分”是为了构建与该建筑相关联的虚拟拓扑结构而进行的。 That is, according to the present invention the term "division" is to construct virtual topology associated with the building carried out.

[0069] 此外,需要说明的是,此处的术语“节点控制网络”指的是,任何三个或者三个以上的节点单元通过无线和/或有线的方式而构造成的网络控制系统,其不限定于任何具体的通信控制协议,只要能进行网络通信和控制即可实现本发明的上述目的,由此此处的节点控制网络或者网络需要以最广泛的技术领域中含义来进行理解和限定。 [0069] Further, it is noted that herein the term "network control node" refers to any three, or three or more nodes configured unit by wireless and / or wired manner control system, which is not limited to any particular communication protocol control, as long as the network communication and control to achieve the above object of the present invention, whereby the node where the control network or networks need the broadest meaning of the art to understand and define .

[0070] 下面将对上述方法的各个步骤进行详细的说明。 [0070] The method of the above-described respective steps will next be described in detail. 在步骤SlOO中,首先需要对建筑划分成多个空间区域且所述空间区域彼此相邻且相互独立。 In step SlOO, first, the need for building space into a plurality of regions and the spatial region adjacent to each other and independent of each other. 需要说明的是,对建筑空间区域的划分不允许逻辑划分上的彼此重叠。 It should be noted that the division of architectural space area does not overlap with each other on a logical division. 所述空间区域的划分可以通过人工进行。 The spatial region can be divided manually. 可选地,也可以通过设计软件来自动对该空间建筑进行划分。 Alternatively, it is possible to automatically divide the space by building design software. 进一步可选地,也可以通过先进行自动划分然后中间加入人工的划分的半自动半人工的方式来进行空间区域的划分。 Further alternatively, may be automatically divided into first intermediate was then added to the artificial semi semi-manual manner to the divided areas divided by the space.

[0071] 需要说明的是,本发明中的建筑包括任何民用、工业用的楼宇,例如写字楼、住宅、工业厂房等,而并不限于特定类型的建筑。 [0071] Incidentally, in the present invention include any civil buildings, industrial buildings, such as office buildings, residential, industrial plants and the like, and is not limited to a particular type of building. 而建筑内的设备指的是为建筑提供服务的任何机电装置,即其为实现建筑的功能而存在的机电设备,包括但是不限于暖通空调设备、照明设备、采光设备(电动遮阳、百叶等)、给排水设备、室内交通设备(例如电梯)、供配电设备、消防设备、安防设备、围护结构(例如窗户、呼吸幕墙等)。 And the device within the building refer to any electromechanical device for the construction of the service, i.e., its mechanical and electrical equipment to perform the functions of the buildings exist, including but not limited to HVAC equipment, lighting equipment, lighting equipment (electric shade, blinds etc. ), water supply and drainage equipment, indoor transportation equipment (eg elevators), power distribution equipment, fire equipment, security equipment, building envelope (eg windows, walls, and other breathing).

[0072] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述空间区域包括:与人相关的空间区域;以及与设备相关联的空间区域,所述设备用于对所述建筑的至少一部分进行控制。 [0072] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the spatial region comprising: a spatial region associated with the person; and a space region associated with the device, the device for controlling at least a part of the building. 进一步地,所述与人相关联的空间区域包括房间空间区域和廊道空间区域,其中所述房间空间区域和所述廊道空间区域彼此相邻且相互独立。 Further, with the associated spatial region comprises a human region and a corridor space room space region, wherein said room space region and the region adjacent to each other and the corridor spaces independent of each other. 所述房间空间区域和所述廊道空间区域物理地隔离划分或者虚拟地隔离划分。 The room space region and the region is physically isolated corridor space or the virtual division is divided isolated. 可选地,根据本发明的一个实施例,所述房间空间区域通过物理墙体的至少一部分隔离划分;以及所述廊道空间区域包括对走廊和楼梯的物理隔离划分或者虚拟隔尚划分。 Alternatively, according to one embodiment of the present invention, the area of ​​the room space by physically isolating at least a portion of partitioning wall; corridor space and the physical isolation of the region including corridors and stairs or virtual division still compartment division.

[0073] 图3显示了根据本发明的一个实施例的、用于单层建筑的空间区域的划分示意图。 [0073] FIG. 3 shows a schematic view of a division, space area for building a single embodiment of the present invention. 如图3中所示,对于单层建筑100而言,其包括两排房间1-6和12-17以及位于该两排房间之间的走廊711。 As shown in FIG. 3, 100 for single-storey buildings, the corridor 711 comprising two rows between room 1-6 and 12-17 and two rows located room. 如前所述,可以将该单层建筑根据房间空间区域和廊道空间区域的划分方法划分成房间空间区域1A-6A、12A-17A以及廊道空间区域7A-11A。 As described above, the single-layer construction can be divided into the room space region 1A-6A, 12A-17A and corridor space region 7A-11A according to the room space region and a space region division method corridor. 房间空间区域1A-6AU2A-17A以及廊道空间区域7A-11A彼此相邻且相互独立。 Room space region 1A-6AU2A-17A and corridor space region 7A-11A adjacent to each other and independent of each other. 且房间空间区域1A-6A、12A-17A的划分方法采用物理隔离而进行划分,即房间空间区域1A-6AU2A-17A是根据其物理墙体的划分天然形成。 And room space region 1A-6A, 12A-17A division method using a physical separation and divided, i.e., the room space region 1A-6AU2A-17A is naturally formed in accordance with its physical division wall. 可选地,对于廊道空间区域采用了虚拟分隔的方式来进行,从而被划分成廊道空间区域7A-11A。 Alternatively, for a corridor delimited spatial region using a virtual way to carry out, so that the space is divided into a corridor area 7A-11A.

[0074] 需要说明的是,对于房间空间区域的划分也可以采用虚拟分隔的方式来进行,例如对于演播室内的大厅或者部分用例如半墙高的玻璃分割的房间,即可以采用虚拟分割的方式来进行,只要所划分的空间区域彼此相邻且相互独立即可。 [0074] Incidentally, for the room space divided areas of virtual divided manner can be carried out using, for example, lobby studio or part of the glass dividing a room such as a high half-walls, i.e., how the virtual division may be employed to, as long as the divided spatial region adjacent to each other and can independently of one another.

[0075] 需要说明的是,与设备相关联的空间区域指的是针对例如冷机、电梯、供电站、冷水泵等用于建筑的设备所虚拟出来的空间,从而将容纳该设备的空间定义成上述同质的空间区域,从而也便于对该用于建筑的设备进行统一、通用性控制。 [0075] Incidentally, with the spatial region associated with the device means that for example the cold space, elevator, power stations, cold water pump and the like for construction out of the virtual device so as to define a space receiving the device a spatial region of the homogeneous, thus facilitating unified, the general control device for construction. 此外,空间区域的“彼此相邻”指的是所划分的两个空间区域至少共享一个面,该面可以是实体的面或者是虚拟划分的面。 Furthermore, the spatial region "adjacent to each other" means that the divided two space regions share at least one face, the face may be plane or plane entity virtual partition.

[0076] 图4显示了根据本发明的一个实施例的、用于空间多层建筑的空间区域的划分示意图。 [0076] FIG. 4 shows the schematic division, space for space region embodiment of the multi-storey building according to one embodiment of the present invention. 应用于上述相似的空间区域划分方法,可以将该多层建筑划分为房间空间区域1A-6A、12A-23A、29A-34A、廊道空间区域7A_1 ΙΑ、24A-28A和与设备相关联的空间区域100A、200A、300A,其中空间区域100A与空调箱(AHU)IOO相关联,空间区域200A与冷机200相关联,空间区域300是与水泵300。 Similar to the above is applied to a spatial region division method, the multilayer construction can be divided into the room space region 1A-6A, 12A-23A, 29A-34A, corridor space region 7A_1 ΙΑ, 24A-28A and a space associated equipment regions 100A, 200A, 300A, 100A and the spatial region in which the air conditioning case (AHU) IOO associated spatial region 200A and the associated cold machine 200, and pump 300 is a region of space 300.

[0077] 下面将对步骤200、300进行详细描述。 [0077] The following steps 200, 300 will be described in detail. 在步骤200中,在所划分之后的每个空间区域中设置节点单元,所述节点单元用于对所述每个空间区域进行控制。 In step 200, the node is provided in each unit region after the divided space, the node unit for controlling each of the spatial region. 然后,空间相邻的所述空间区域内的所述节点单元被分别进行网络互连,且所述相邻的所述节点单元之间构造成彼此可相互通信,以形成与所述建筑相对应的节点控制网络并通过所述节点控制网络对所述建筑进行监控。 May be configured to communicate with each other, to form a unit between the node and the node unit in the space adjacent to the space regions are respectively interconnected network, and with the building adjacent to the corresponding the network control nodes and said monitor node through the building control network.

[0078] 下面将结合图5、6来描述该节点单元的设置。 [0078] Figures 5 and 6 will be described in conjunction with the set node of the cell. 如图5中所示,与图3中相对应,在所划分获得的房间空间区域1A-6A、12A-17A以及廊道空间区域7A-11A中分别设置了节点单元1B-17B,并通过将空间相邻的该节点单元1B-17B进行网络互连而形成用于控制该单层建筑100的节点控制网络,例如节点单元IB与2B、7B空间相邻,则将节点单元IB分别与2B、7B进行相连。 As shown, in FIG. 3 corresponds to 5, in a room space region obtained by the division 1A-6A, 12A-17A and corridor space region 7A-11A are provided in the unit nodes 1B-17B, and by spatially adjacent node of the network unit 1B-17B are interconnected to form a single node for controlling the building control network 100, such as node unit IB and 2B, 7B spatially adjacent, then the node units IB and 2B, respectively, 7B be connected. 再例如,节点单元98在进行空间区域划分之后,分别与38、88、1(«、148空间相邻,从而分别将节点单元98与节点单元38、88、1(«、148进行相连。且这些相邻节点单元在互连之后配置成可进行相互通信,以进行数据或者控制指令的交换,从而为后续的控制网络构建建立基础。根据本发明的一个实施例,所述节点单元1B-17B可以物理地连接或者无线地连接来形成所述节点控制网络。 For another example, the node unit 98 after performing space division region, respectively 38,88,1 ( «, the adjacent space 148, respectively, so that the node 98 and the node unit 38,88,1 unit («, 148 are connected. And these neighboring node units are interconnected so as to be disposed after communicating with each other for exchange of data or a control command, thereby establishing a basis for building the network for the subsequent control. in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, the node unit 1B-17B You may be physically connected or wirelessly connected to form the network control node.

`[0079] 相似地,如图6中所示,与图4中相对应,在所划分获得的房间空间区域1A-6A、12A-23A、29A-34A、廊道空间区域7A_11A、24A_28A以及设备空间区域100A、200A、300A中分别设置了节点单元1B-34B、100B、200B、300B,并通过将该节点单元1B-34B、100B、200B、300B进行网络互连而形成用于控制该多层建筑100的节点控制网络。 `[0079] Similarly, as shown in Figure 6, correspond to those in FIG. 4, 1A-6A in a room space region obtained by the division, 12A-23A, 29A-34A, corridor space region 7A_11A, 24A_28A and equipment spatial region 100A, 200A, 300A are provided in the unit nodes 1B-34B, 100B, 200B, 300B, and through the node units 1B-34B, 100B, 200B, 300B interconnected to form a network for controlling the multi-layered building control network nodes 100. 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述节点单元物理地连接或者无线地连接,以形成所述节点控制网络。 According to an embodiment of the present invention, the control node of the network element node is physically connected or wirelessly connected, to form.

[0080] 根据本发明的一个实施例,空间相邻的所述空间区域内的所述节点单元之间配置成彼此可交互通信。 [0080] may be configured to interact with each other according to the communication between the node unit within a space region embodiment of the present invention, spatially adjacent. 需要说明的是,“空间相邻”指的是所划分的两个空间区域至少共享一个面,该面可以是实体的面或者是虚拟划分的面。 Incidentally, "spatially adjacent" refers to the divided two space regions share at least one face, the face may be plane or plane entity virtual partition. 如上在图3、6中的节点控制网络构建中,即采用空间相邻的节点单元进行互联而获得该节点控制网络。 As the nodes in the graph 3,6 Construction control network, i.e., using spatially adjacent interconnected nodes cells obtained by the control network node. 但是,需要说明的是,本发明不限于此,可以通过其他的方式来构建该节点控制网络。 However, it should be noted that the present invention is not limited thereto, may be constructed by the control network node in other ways.

[0081] 如图7中所示,图7显示了根据本发明的一个实施例的节点控制网络的示意图。 [0081] As shown in FIG. 7, FIG. 7 shows a diagram of the control network node according to an embodiment of the present invention. 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述节点控制网络配置成无中心节点网络或者伪中心节点网络。 According to an embodiment of the present invention, the network node is configured to control the non-central network node or dummy node of the network center.

[0082] 由此,通过将该节点控制网络配置成无中心节点网络或者伪中心节点网络,相较于现有的中央控制架构,可以通过节点单元的无中心控制而将整个建筑中的信息及时反馈到所需的节点单元,并进行适应性控制,此外,在该节点控制网络配置成伪中心节点网络时,可以方便地从任何一个节点单元执行对整个建筑的控制。 [0082] Thus, by configuring the control network node to the network without central node or dummy node of the network center, compared to the existing central control architecture, no central node may be controlled by means of the information in a timely manner throughout the building a feedback unit to the desired node, and adaptive control, in addition, when configured to pseudo network central node can be easily performed from any node of the control unit in that the building control network node. 该无中心节点网络的构建既可以是硬件实施的无中心实现网络,也可以是软件实施的无中心网络构建,例如通过对算法、路由等进行控制而实现无中心网络的构建。 Construction of hardware may be implemented without the center-center nodes of the network for network may be a software implementation of non-central network constructed, for example, by algorithm of routing control implemented without a central network construction. 根据本发明的无中心或者伪中心网络架构的益处在于,可以对建筑实现即插即用的控制,从而在刚开始控制系统的布置中可以实现所插即所得,而不再需要如传统中那样的需要将传感器、执行器、控制器等控制点及其控制逻辑关系,与全局网络地址进行关联。 The benefit of the present invention, no center or pseudo center network architecture that may be implemented to control the plug and play architecture, arranged so that the beginning of the control system may be implemented that is obtained by interpolation, rather than as required as in the conventional the control point needs to sensors, actuators, controllers, and the control logic, it is associated with the global network address.

[0083] 此处,需要说明的是,术语“伪中心节点网络”指的是由物理连接方式或者通信链路形式上进行无中心连接和配置,但是该节点单元中的一个或者多个可以配置成管理中心,以协调其他节点单元的信息传输和数据处理。 [0083] Here, it is noted that the term "pseudo-network central node" refers to a physically connected by way of a communication link or connection and form no center configuration, but a plurality of the nodes or units may be arranged into the management center, to coordinate the information transmission and data processing unit to other nodes.

[0084] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述节点控制网络配置成分布式计算网络。 [0084] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the network node is configured to control a distributed computing network. 由此可以将分布式计算引入该网络中来,并利用网络的分布式计算功能的来进行控制,从而可以自动生成运算中心,实现网络资源的自动竞争获取机制。 Whereby a distributed computing may be introduced into the network, the use of the network and to control the distributed computing function, can be generated automatically computing center, the network resources with automatic retrieval mechanism.

[0085] 下面将结合图8来说明在本发明的上述方法中所应用的节点单元的功能和结构。 [0085] FIG. 8 will now be described in conjunction with structural and functional unit of the node in the above-described method of the present invention is applied. 如图8中所示,该节点单元对设置在其中的所述空间区域进行信号采集、控制且对相邻节点单元的请求进行响应。 As shown in FIG. 8, the node unit disposed in the space region in which the signal acquisition, and a request control unit responding to an adjacent node. 根据本发明的一个实施例,每个所述节点单元A、B可以分别用于监控空间区域C、D的HVAC、照明、采光、消防、安防和围护结构中的至少一个。 According to one embodiment of the invention, each of said node units A, B, respectively, can be used to monitor spatial region C, HVAC, lighting, lighting, fire protection, security, and D of the envelope in at least one. 需要说明的是,可以根据建筑功能的需要,所述节点单元可以具备不同的控制功能,例如网络、通信、分布式计算等,这可以根据具体的应用来进行设计,此外,每个节点单元也可以进行智能化设计,并在请求相关数据时通过向相邻的节点单元发出请求而成为整个计算的中心。 Incidentally, as needed architectural features, the node control unit may be provided with different functions, such as network communication, distributed computing, etc., which may be designed according to the particular application, in addition, each node unit may also It can intelligently designed, and upon request by the request data to an adjacent node element becomes the center of the entire calculation.

[0086] 根据本发明的一个实施例,每个节点单元可以配置成基于访问权限而进行控制,从而可以对不同的节点单元设计不同的访问权限,从而对不同的授权人员可以进行分等级地操作。 [0086] An embodiment of the present invention, each node unit may be configured to be controlled based on access rights, access rights can be different for different node units designed to different authorized personnel can operate according hierarchically .

[0087] 下面将对根据本发明的用于建筑的控制系统进行详细说明。 [0087] The following detailed description will be given for the construction of the control system according to the present invention.

[0088] 在根据本发明的用于建筑的控制系统中,该控制系统可以包括设置在所述建筑内的节点控制网络,所述节点控制网络由多个如下的节点单元配置而成:将所述建筑划分成多个空间区域,所述空间区域彼此相邻且相互独立;以及在每个所述空间区域中设置所述节点单元,所述节点单元用于对所述每个空间区域进行控制,其中空间相邻的所述空间区域内的所述节点单元被分别进行网络互连,且所述相邻的所述节点单元之间构造成彼此可相互通信,以形成与所述建筑相对应的节点控制网络并通过所述节点控制网络对所述建筑进行监控。 [0088] In the construction of a control system for the present invention, the control system may include a control node within the network architecture, the network node control unit configured by a plurality of nodes from the following: The said spatial region into a plurality of construction, the spatial region adjacent to each other and independently from each other; and the node unit disposed in each of the spatial region, said node means for controlling each of the spatial region wherein the node is configured between the node unit in the space adjacent to the space regions are respectively interconnected network, and with the adjacent cell to communicate with each other may be, to form the corresponding building the network control nodes and said monitor node through the building control network.

[0089] 由此,根据本发明的用于建筑的控制系统,通过将建筑划分成空间区域并对应地构造节点控制网络,从而极大地提高了对整个建筑控制的通用性,减少了不同设备之间基于现有的建筑中央控制的缺点。 [0089] Thus, according to the construction of the control system of the present invention, by building into a spatial region and configured to correspond to the control network node, thereby greatly enhancing the versatility of the building control equipment reduces the different based disadvantages of the prior construction between the central control. 此外,由于空间区域的划分和节点单元的设置的便捷性以及节点单元构造的一致性,从而对配置和操作人员的要求非常低,降低了整个建筑的控制和维护成本。 Further, since the consistency and ease of set division unit node and the node region of space-cell structure, so that the configuration and requirements of the operator is very low, reducing the control and maintenance costs of the building.

[0090] 进一步地,在本发明的用于建筑的控制系统中,改变了传统的建筑控制模式,即强调相邻的拓扑结构之间的相互通信,而非对脱离建筑本身物理结构而另外构建一套建筑控制系统。 [0090] Further, in the control system for the construction of the present invention, the change in the traditional building control mode that emphasizes mutual communication between adjacent topology, not the physical structure of the building itself from the other construct a building control system. 即,在本发明中,用于控制建筑的拓扑结构与建筑的自身拓扑结构是彼此对应和一致的,从而使得对建筑的控制更本源化,且能够对建筑实施实时的控制,而非让单独的监控人员在单独的地方进行集中控制和配置,从而最大程度地实现了建筑的智能化。 That is, in the present invention, for controlling the building itself topology and architecture topology correspond to each other and are identical, so that more control of the origin of the building, and can be implemented in real-time control of the building, rather than let alone the monitoring personnel for centralized control and configuration in a separate place, to the greatest extent possible to achieve the intelligent building.

[0091] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述空间区域包括:与人相关的空间区域;以及与设备相关联的空间区域,所述设备用于对所述建筑的至少一部分进行控制。 [0091] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the spatial region comprising: a spatial region associated with the person; and a space region associated with the device, the device for controlling at least a part of the building. 进一步地,所述与人相关联的空间区域包括房间空间区域和廊道空间区域,其中所述房间空间区域和所述廊道空间区域彼此相邻且相互独立。 Further, with the associated spatial region comprises a human region and a corridor space room space region, wherein said room space region and the region adjacent to each other and the corridor spaces independent of each other. 所述房间空间区域和所述廊道空间区域物理地隔离划分或者虚拟地隔离划分。 The room space region and the region is physically isolated corridor space or the virtual division is divided isolated. 可选地,根据本发明的一个实施例,所述房间空间区域通过物理墙体的至少一部分隔离划分;以及所述廊道空间区域包括对走廊和楼梯的物理隔离划分或者虚拟隔尚划分。 Alternatively, according to one embodiment of the present invention, the area of ​​the room space by physically isolating at least a portion of partitioning wall; corridor space and the physical isolation of the region including corridors and stairs or virtual division still compartment division.

[0092] 如上述图3-6中详细地说明了该空间区域的划分过程,此处为简洁起见不再进行详细说明。 [0092] The Figures 3-6 illustrate the spatial region dividing process in detail here for sake of brevity will not be described in detail.

[0093] 需要说明的是,对于房间空间区域的划分也可以采用虚拟分隔的方式来进行,例如对于演播室内的大厅或者部分用例如半墙高的玻璃分割的房间,即可以采用虚拟分割的方式来进行,只要所划分的空间区域彼此相邻且相互独立即可。 [0093] Incidentally, for the room space divided areas of virtual divided manner can be carried out using, for example, lobby studio or part of the glass dividing a room such as a high half-walls, i.e., how the virtual division may be employed to, as long as the divided spatial region adjacent to each other and can independently of one another.

[0094] 需要说明的是,与设备相关联的空间区域指的是针对例如冷机、例如电梯的室内交通设备、供电站、冷水泵等用于建筑的设备所虚拟出来的空间,从而将容纳该设备的空间定义成上述同质的空间区域,从而也便于对该用于建筑的设备进行统一、通用性控制。 [0094] Incidentally, with the spatial region associated with the device means that for example the cold, for example, an elevator indoor transportation equipment, power stations, cold water pump and the like for construction equipment out of the virtual space so as to accommodate space of the device is defined as the spatial region of the homogeneous, thus facilitating unified, the general control device for construction. 此夕卜,空间区域的“彼此相邻”指的是所划分的两个空间区域至少共享一个面,该面可以是实体的面或者是虚拟划分的面。 Bu this evening, the spatial region "adjacent to each other" means that the divided two space regions share at least one face, the face may be plane or plane entity virtual partition.

[0095] 根据本发明的一个实施例,空间相邻的所述空间区域内的所述节点单元之间配置成彼此可交互通信。 [0095] may be configured to interact with each other according to the communication between the node unit within a space region embodiment of the present invention, spatially adjacent. 需要说明的是,“空间相邻”指的是所划分的两个空间区域至少共享一个面,该面可以是实体的面或者是虚拟划分的面。 Incidentally, "spatially adjacent" refers to the divided two space regions share at least one face, the face may be plane or plane entity virtual partition. 如上在图3、6中的节点控制网络构建中,即采用空间相邻的节点单元进行互联而获得该节点控制网络。 As the nodes in the graph 3,6 Construction control network, i.e., using spatially adjacent interconnected nodes cells obtained by the control network node. 但是,需要说明的是,本发明不限于此,可以通过其他的方式来构建该节点控制网络。 However, it should be noted that the present invention is not limited thereto, may be constructed by the control network node in other ways.

[0096] 如图7中所示,图7显示了根据本发明的一个实施例的节点控制网络的示意图,在该节点控制网络中,包括网络节点N1-N7。 [0096] As shown in FIG. 7, FIG. 7 shows a schematic diagram of a control network node according to the present embodiment of the invention, the control network node, the network node comprising a N1-N7. 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述节点控制网络配置成无中心节点网络或者伪中心节点网络。 According to an embodiment of the present invention, the network node is configured to control the non-central network node or dummy node of the network center.

[0097] 由此,通过将该节点控制网络配置成无中心节点网络或者伪中心节点网络,相较于现有的中央控制架构,可以通过节点单元的无中心控制而将整个建筑中的信息及时反馈到所需的节点单元Nx (其中X为1-7中的任何一个),并进行适应性控制,从而可以方便地从任何一个节点单元执行对整个建筑的控制。 [0097] Thus, by configuring the control network node to the network without central node or dummy node of the network center, compared to the existing central control architecture, no central node may be controlled by means of the information in a timely manner throughout the building feedback to the desired node Nx unit (wherein X is any one of 1-7), and adaptive control, can be conveniently prepared from any one node unit performs control of the entire building. 该无中心节点网络的构建既可以是硬件实施的无中心实现网络,也可以是软件实施的无中心网络构建,例如通过对算法、路由等进行控制而实现无中心网络的构建。 Construction of hardware may be implemented without the center-center nodes of the network for network may be a software implementation of non-central network constructed, for example, by algorithm of routing control implemented without a central network construction. 根据本发明的无中心或者伪中心网络架构的益处在于,可以对建筑实现即插即用的控制,从而在刚开始控制系统的布置中可以实现所插即所得,而不再需要如传统中那样的需要进行全局网络IP的分配。 The benefit of the present invention, no center or pseudo center network architecture that may be implemented to control the plug and play architecture, arranged so that the beginning of the control system may be implemented that is obtained by interpolation, rather than as required as in the conventional the need for a global network of IP assignment.

[0098] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述节点控制网络配置成分布式计算网络。 [0098] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the network node is configured to control a distributed computing network. 由此可以将分布式计算引入该网络中来,并利用网络的分布式计算功能的来进行控制,从而可以自动生成运算中心,实现网络资源的自动竞争获取机制。 Whereby a distributed computing may be introduced into the network, the use of the network and to control the distributed computing function, can be generated automatically computing center, the network resources with automatic retrieval mechanism. [0099] 如图8中所示,该节点单元对设置在其中的所述空间区域进行信号采集、控制且对相邻节点单元的请求进行响应。 [0099] As shown in Figure 8, the node unit disposed in the space region in which signal acquisition, and a request control unit responding to an adjacent node. 根据本发明的一个实施例,每个所述节点单元A、B可以分别用于监控空间区域C、D的HVAC、照明、采光、消防、安防和围护结构中的至少一个。 According to one embodiment of the invention, each of said node units A, B, respectively, can be used to monitor spatial region C, HVAC, lighting, lighting, fire protection, security, and D of the envelope in at least one. 需要说明的是,可以根据建筑功能的需要,所述节点单元可以具备不同的控制功能,例如网络、通信、分布式计算等,这可以根据具体的应用来进行设计,此外,每个节点单元也可以进行智能化设计,并在请求相关数据时通过向相邻的节点单元发出请求而成为整个计算的中心。 Incidentally, as needed architectural features, the node control unit may be provided with different functions, such as network communication, distributed computing, etc., which may be designed according to the particular application, in addition, each node unit may also It can intelligently designed, and upon request by the request data to an adjacent node element becomes the center of the entire calculation.

[0100] 根据本发明的一个实施例,每个节点单元可以配置成基于访问权限而进行控制,从而可以对不同的节点单元设计不同的访问权限,从而融入网络安全设计。 [0100] According to an embodiment of the present invention, each node unit may be configured to be controlled based on access rights can be different for different cell designs access nodes, network security and thus into the design.

[0101] 根据本发明的一个实施例,所述节点控制网络配置成分布式计算网络。 [0101] According to one embodiment of the present invention, the network node is configured to control a distributed computing network.

[0102] 下面将参照如下具体的实施例来说明如本发明的上述的用于建筑的控制方法和系统。 [0102] Next will be described control method and system as described above for the construction of the present invention with reference to the following specific embodiments.

[0103] 第一实施例 [0103] First embodiment

[0104] 下面具体地说明根据本发明的用于建筑的控制方法和系统的应用。 [0104] The control application specifically described below a method and system for a building according to the present invention. 通常,在建筑中发生火灾时,如果能及早地进行火灾预警,则可以极大地提高建筑的安全性。 Typically, when a fire in the building, if they can be a fire alarm early on, you can greatly improve the security of the building.

[0105] 图9示出了用于控制建筑的系统,该系统中包括节点控制网络400,该节点控制网络400由通过将建筑划分成的多个空间区域内所设置的节点单元1-69所构成,对该建筑的空间区域划分请参见上述,此处不再进行详细说明。 [0105] FIG. 9 shows a building control system, the control system includes a network node 400, the node 400 by the control network node by means provided within the building is divided into a plurality of spatial regions are 1-69 configuration, dividing the space areas of the building refer to the above, detailed description is omitted here.

[0106] 每个节点单元1-69分别配置成可以对对应的空间区域的HVAC、照明、采光、安全、供水、节能和采光中的至少一个进行监控。 [0106] Each node units 1-69 are arranged so as to be corresponding to the spatial region of HVAC, lighting, lighting, security, water, energy and lighting at least one monitor. 如图9中所示,每个节点单元中配置有火灾监测模块(未示出),用于判断该对应的空间区域中是否发生了火灾,即当该火灾监测模块检测到特定的空间区域中发生了火灾,例如在图9中所示,在节点单元30处判断发生了火灾,则可以通过整个节点控制网络迅速进行火灾预警。 As shown in FIG. 9, each node unit disposed fire monitoring module (not shown), for determining the spatial region corresponding to a fire has occurred, i.e., when the fire detection module detects a specific region of space fire occurs, for example, as shown in FIG. 9, the node unit 30 determines the occurrence of a fire, the fire alarm may be performed by controlling the entire node of the network quickly.

[0107] 可选地,在本发明的一个实施例中,节点单元中的火灾监测模块可以构造成,通过空间相邻的火灾监测模块所提供的信息判断是否真实地发生了火灾。 [0107] Alternatively, in one embodiment of the present invention, the nodes in the cell may be configured to fire monitoring module, whether the information is determined by the spatially adjacent fire monitoring module provides real fire occur. 例如,在空间区域30内如果真实发生了火灾,则通过相邻的空间区域内的节点控制单元中的火灾监测模块所检测的数据(例如室内浓烟度、温度等)而判断是否在空间区域30内真实地发生了火灾。 For example, in the real space region 30 if a fire occurs, data (e.g., smoke chamber, temperature, etc.) in a node control unit in the spatial region adjacent to the fire detection module determines whether the detected spatial area through a fire broke out inside a true 30. 具体的概率判断模型可以基于这些相邻的节点控制单元所提供的数据来进行。 Specific probability model may be determined based on the data of the adjacent node control unit is provided. 这些判断的方法或者算法均可以在该节点单元1-69中实现。 These determination method or algorithm may be implemented at the node unit 1-69.

[0108] 可选地,该节点单元1-69中可以进一步配置对火源强度的判断单元,该判断单元通过分别与该节点单元1-69中相关联的传感器来判断火灾的强度,然后确定是向相邻的空间区域的节点单元发送火灾预警或者是向整个建筑内的所有空间区域发出火灾预警。 [0108] Alternatively, the node may be further configured unit 1-69 Analyzing fire source intensity unit, the determining unit through 1-69 respectively associated sensor means to determine the strength of the node fires, then determines It is transmitted to the fire alarm unit adjacent to the node region of space or fire alarm is sent to all the areas within the building space.

[0109] 第二实施例 [0109] Second Embodiment

[0110] 下面将继续参照图100中所示的节点控制网络500在建筑内进行分布式计算的示例。 [0110] FIG node will control network 100 as shown in 500 in the exemplary distributed computing architecture continuing reference. 需要说明的是,在建筑控制中,通常需要进行分布式计算,举例而言,在建筑的水管网系统中,通常需要了解水管网内的水流分布,并基于水流分布场进行控制和调节。 Note that, in building control, distributed computing often required, for example, in the construction of the water distribution systems, often need to know the flow distribution in the water supply network and controlled and adjusted based on flow distribution field. 但是在现实中,不可能对所有的水管网进行测量,只能在特定的点进行检测,由此根据现有的例如高斯-赛德尔迭代算法来进行分布式计算,获得整个建筑的水管网模型。 But in reality, impossible to measure all of the water supply network, can only be detected at a specific point, which according to the existing Goss for example - for distributed computing Seidel iterative algorithm to obtain a model of the entire construction of water supply network . 通常的物理方程可能是非线性计算方程,但是在本发明中提供了用相邻节点单元之间的线性计算方程进行分布式计算来近似,从而获得所需的计算结果。 Typically physical equation calculation equation may be nonlinear, but provides a distributed computing equation by a linear calculation unit between adjacent nodes is approximated in the present invention, to achieve the desired results.

[0111] 具体而言,在如图10中所示的节点控制网络500中,将以求解如公式(I)中所示的方程来进行说明。 [0111] Specifically, as shown in FIG. 10 node network control 500, we will solve the equations as shown in equation (I), to be described. 该公式(I)通过高斯-赛德尔迭代算法分解为在该节点控制网络500上的每个节点单元上进行分布式计算。 The formula (I) by Gauss - Seidel iterative algorithm is decomposed in distributed computing unit 500 of each node in the network control node.

[0112] 考虑如下的线性方程: [0112] Consider the following linear equation:

Figure CN103809541AD00151

[0114] 该万程可以通过如图10中所示的4个节点单元C1-C4的分布式计算来求解。 [0114] This can be solved Wancheng four nodes in a distributed computing unit 10 C1-C4 shown in FIG. 其中点i含有未知变量Xi, i = 1,2,3,4,并且已知变量&1」,」=1,2,3,4和匕。 Wherein the point i containing unknown variables Xi, i = 1,2,3,4, and known variables & 1 "" = 1,2,3,4 and dagger. 例如,对于点1,已知an, a12, 现在,根据如图10所示的节点控制网络,任意点i通过与相邻的所有节点单元通信来进行单独计算从而求解Xi。 For example, for a point it is known an, a12, now, according to the control node of the network shown in Figure 10, an arbitrary point i by the adjacent communication node units all be calculated separately thereby solving Xi. 具体而言,在根据本发明的用于建筑的控制系统中,可以用下述的方法来利用如上所构建的节点控制网络500: Specifically, the control system for a construction according to the present invention, the following method can be used to control network using the node 500 constructed as above:

[0115] 对于任意点i,首先初始化Xi (0),ay, j = 1,…,4, ID1.令t = 0 (步骤SI)。 [0115] For any point i, first initializes Xi (0), ay, j = 1, ..., 4, ID1. So that t = 0 (step SI).

[0116] 接着,利用下述公式(1.1)来计算Xi (tfl)(步骤S2):1 ί " ^ [0116] Next, using the following equation (1.1) to compute Xi (tfl) (Step S2): 1 ί "^

Figure CN103809541AD00152

[0118] 若IxJti+D—xJti) < ε ,贝U该节点单元停止计算,若IxJti+D—xJti) > ε,则将Xi(ti+1)的上述计算结果传递给相邻的所有节点单元,例如节点单元CI可以传递给节点单元C2和C4,节点单元C2可以传递给节点单元Cl和C3。 [0118] When IxJti + D-xJti) <ε, U shell unit stops calculation of the node, if IxJti + D-xJti)> ε, then Xi (ti + 1) of the above calculation results to adjacent nodes all means, for example, a node may be transferred to the node CI unit cells C2 and C4, C2 can be passed to the node units node units Cl and C3. 节点单元C3可以传递给节点单元C2和C4,节点单元C4可以传递给相邻的节点单元Cl和C3。 Node may be transferred to the cell C3 and the node unit C2 C4, C4 node units can be transmitted to the adjacent node units Cl and C3. 需要说明的是,在步骤S2中,在点i处,an和au、匕为已知变量。 Incidentally, in Step S2, at the point i, AN and Au, dagger known variables. 然后,令\ = \+1 (步骤S3)。 Then, so \ = \ + 1 (step S3). 接着进行后续迭代即转而执行上述步骤S2,直到根据上述的分布式计算获得所需的所有计算结果。 That in turn followed by subsequent iterations performs the above-described step S2, based on the calculated distributed until all the calculations required to obtain.

[0119] 下面将说明根据本发明的一个实施例的用于建筑群的控制系统600。 [0119] Next, the control system for buildings according to one embodiment of the present invention 600 is described. 该建筑群可以包括多个建筑601、602,且所述每个建筑601、602内分别设置有根据上述各实施例而形成的节点控制网络603、604。 The complex may include a plurality of buildings 601,602, and the building in each node 601, 602 are provided according to the above embodiments 603 and 604 form a control network. 且多个建筑601、602的节点控制网络603、604彼此网络互连。 And a plurality of network nodes building control network 601, 602 603, 604 interconnected with each other. 且节点单元如上述各实施例所构造。 And the node unit as constructed in the above-described embodiments.

[0120] 由此,除了上述的节点控制网络所带来的优点之外,还可以实现对多个建筑601、602进行控制管理,且整个建筑群的构建和控制成本低,通用性好。 [0120] Thus, in addition to the advantage of the above node caused by the network control can also be achieved for a plurality of buildings 601,602 control and management, and build the entire building complex control and low cost, good universality. 例如,该用于建筑群的控制系统可以实现对整个城市或者城市的至少一部分建筑的智能控制。 For example, the control system for buildings that can achieve intelligent control of at least part of the building of the city or the city.

[0121] 根据本发明的一个实施例,相邻的所述节点控制网络603、604通过彼此物理距离最接近的两个节点单元605、606的通信而进行网络连接。 [0121] In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, the adjacent nodes 603 and 604 via the communication control network physically closest distance from each other two units 605, 606 and nodes connected to the network. 可选地,根据本发明的一个实施例,相邻的所述节点控制网络通过相邻的多个节点单元的通信而进行网络连接。 Alternatively, according to one embodiment of the present invention, the adjacent node control through a network and a communication network connecting a plurality of nodes adjacent cells. 但是,需要说明的是,此处相邻的节点控制控制网络的具体网络连接方式不限于上述,此处只是为了说明的目的,而不是为了限制本发明的保护范围,任何使得相邻的节点控制网络能够进行网络互连并进行通信的连接方式均可以在本发明中进行应用,也无论该相邻的节点单元是采用有线或者无线的方式进行互连。 However, it should be noted that, where the adjacent control nodes of the network connection is not limited to a specific network described above, for purposes of illustration only and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, such that any adjacent node control here network interconnection network can be connected and can communicate are applied, regardless of the adjacent nodes using wired or wireless units are interconnected in the manner of the present invention. [0122] 可以以任何形式的编程语言来编写计算机程序(也称为程序、软件、软件应用、脚本或代码),该编程语言包括编译或解释型语言,或者声明或过程语言,并且,可以以任何形式来部署计算机程序,该任何形式包括作为单独的程序或作为模块、部件、子例程或适合于在计算环境中使用的其他单元。 [0122] may be in any form of programming language computer program (also known as programs, software, software application, script, or code), the programming language, including compiled or interpreted languages, or declarative or procedural languages, and may be a computer program deployed in any form, including in any form as the stand-alone program or as a module, component, subroutine, or other unit suitable for use in a computing environment. 计算机程序可以但是不必对应于在文件系统中的文件。 The computer program may, but need not, correspond to a file in the file system. 程序可以被存储在保持其他程序或数据的文件(例如,存储在标记语言文档中的一个或多个脚本)的一部分中、专用于所讨论的程序的单个文件或多个协作的文件(例如,存储一个或多个模块、子程序或代码的部分的文件)中。 A program can be held in other programs or files of data storage (e.g., in the markup language document, one or more scripts stored) part, a single file dedicated to the program in question, or in multiple coordinated files (e.g., file storage portion one or more modules, sub programs, or portions of code). 计算机程序可以被部署来在一个计算机或多个计算机上执行,该多个计算机位于一个站点处或被分布在多个站点上并且通过通信网络互连。 The computer program can be deployed to be executed on one computer or on multiple computers, the plurality of computers that are located at one site or distributed across multiple sites and interconnected by a communication network.

[0123] 在本说明书的描述中,参考术语“一个实施例”、“一些实施例”、“示例”、“具体示例”、或“一些示例”等的描述意指结合该实施例或示例描述的具体特征、结构、材料或者特点包含于本发明的至少一个实施例或示例中。 [0123] In the description of the present specification, reference to the term "one embodiment," "some embodiments", "an example", "a specific example", or "some examples" means that a description of the exemplary embodiment or embodiments described a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic is included in at least one embodiment of the present invention, embodiments or examples. 在本说明书中,对上述术语的示意性表述不一定指的是相同的实施例或示例。 In the present specification, a schematic representation of the above terms necessarily referring to the same embodiment or example. 而且,描述的具体特征、结构、材料或者特点可以在任何的一个或多个实施例或示例中以合适的方式结合。 Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described embodiments or examples may be at any one or more in a proper manner.

[0124] 尽管已经示出和描述了本发明的实施例,本领域的普通技术人员可以理解:在不脱离本发明的原理和宗旨的情况下可以对这些实施例进行多种变化、修改、替换和变型,本发明的范围由权利要求及其等同物限定。 [0124] While there has been illustrated and described embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art can be appreciated: that various changes may be made to these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, modifications, substitutions and modifications, the scope of the present invention is defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (29)

1.一种用于建筑的控制方法,包括以下步骤: 将所述建筑划分成多个空间区域,所述空间区域彼此相邻且相互独立; 在每个空间区域中设置节点单元,所述节点单元用于对所述每个空间区域进行控制;以及空间相邻的所述空间区域内的所述节点单元被分别进行网络互连,且所述相邻的所述节点单元之间构造成彼此可相互通信,以形成与所述建筑相对应的节点控制网络并通过所述节点控制网络对所述建筑进行监控。 1. A control method for a building, comprising the steps of: dividing the building into a plurality of spatial regions, the spatial region adjacent to each other and independently of each other; provided in each spatial region node unit, said node means for controlling each of said spatial region; and configured relative to each other between the node of the node element unit in the space adjacent to the space regions are respectively interconnected network, and the adjacent They can communicate with each other to form the building control network nodes corresponding to the building, and monitored by the control network node.
2.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述节点控制网络配置成无中心节点网络或者伪中心节点网络。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein said network node is configured to control the non-central network node or dummy node of the network center.
3.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述空间区域包括: 与人相关的空间区域;以及与设备相关联的空间区域,所述设备用于对所述建筑的至少一部分进行控制。 3. The method according to claim 1, wherein said spatial region comprising: a spatial region associated with the person; and a space region associated with the device, the device for at least a portion of the building is control.
4.根据权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,所述与人相关联的空间区域包括房间空间区域和廊道空间区域,其中所述房间空间区域和所述廊道空间区域彼此相邻且相互独立。 4. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that the spatial region associated with a person and comprising a room space region corridor space region, wherein said room space region and the region adjacent to each other corridor space and independent of each other.
5.根据权利要求4所述的方法,其特征在于,所述房间空间区域和所述廊道空间区域物理地隔离划分或者虚拟地隔离划分。 The method according to claim 4, wherein said room space region and the region is physically isolated corridor space or the virtual division is divided isolated.
6.根据权利要求5所述的方法,其特征在于,所述房间空间区域通过物理墙体的至少一部分隔离划分;以及所述廊道空间区域包括对走廊和楼梯的物理隔离划分或者虚拟隔离划分。 6. The method according to claim 5, characterized in that, the room space through at least a portion of the isolation region physically dividing wall; and the corridor space region including corridors and stairs physical separation or division of virtual divided isolation .
7.根据权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,所述设备包括暖通空调设备、照明设备、采光设备、给排水设备、室内交通设备、供配电设备、消防设备、安防设备和围护结构中的至少一个。 7. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that the device comprises a HVAC equipment, lighting equipment, lighting equipment, water supply and drainage equipment, indoor transportation equipment, power distribution equipment, fire-fighting equipment, security equipment and confining at least one of the retaining structure.
8.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述空间区域的划分通过人工进行、自动进行或者半自动半人工进行。 8. The method according to claim 1, wherein the spatial region divided by manually, semi-automatically or semi-manually.
9.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述节点单元对设置在其中的所述空间区域进行信号采集、控制且对相邻节点单元的请求进行响应。 9. The method according to claim 1, wherein said node unit is provided for the spatial region in which the signal acquisition, and a request control unit responding to an adjacent node.
10.根据权利要求9所述的方法,其特征在于,所述节点单元物理地连接或者无线地连接,以形成所述节点控制网络。 10. The method according to claim 9, wherein said network control unit of the nodes is physically connected or wirelessly connected, to form.
11.根据权利要求10所述的方法,其特征在于,每个所述节点单元用于监控所述空间区域的HVAC、照明、采光、安防、消防和围护结构中的至少一个。 11. The method according to claim 10, wherein each of said node means for HVAC, lighting, lighting, security, fire and monitor the spatial envelope of the at least one region.
12.根据权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,所述节点控制网络配置成分布式计算网络。 12. The method according to claim 2, wherein said network node is configured to control a distributed computing network.
13.一种用于建筑的控制系统,包括设置在所述建筑内的节点控制网络,所述节点控制网络由多个如下的节点单元配置而成: -将所述建筑划分成多个空间区域,所述空间区域彼此相邻且相互独立;以及-在每个所述空间区域中设置所述节点单元,所述节点单元用于对所述每个空间区域进行控制,其中空间相邻的所述空间区域内的所述节点单元被分别进行网络互连,且所述相邻的所述节点单元之间构造成彼此可相互通信,以形成与所述建筑相对应的节点控制网络并通过所述节点控制网络对所述建筑进行监控。 A control system for a building, comprising a network control node disposed within the building, the network node control unit configured by a plurality of nodes from the following: - the building into a plurality of spatial regions , the spatial region adjacent to each other and independent of each other; and - means disposed in each of the nodes in the spatial region, said node means for controlling each of the spatial region, which is spatially adjacent means configured between the node of said node unit within said spatial region is separately interconnected network, and to communicate the mutually adjacent one another to form the building control network nodes corresponding to and through the said control network node to monitor the construction.
14.根据权利要求13所述的系统,其特征在于,所述空间区域包括: 与人相关的空间区域;以及与设备相关联的空间区域,所述设备用于对所述建筑的至少一部分进行控制。 14. The system according to claim 13, wherein said spatial region comprising: a spatial region associated with the person; and a space region associated with the device, the device for at least a portion of the building is control.
15.根据权利要求14所述的系统,其特征在于,所述与人相关联的空间区域包括房间空间区域和廊道空间区域,其中所述房间空间区域和所述廊道空间区域彼此相邻且相互独立。 15. The system according to claim 14, wherein the spatial region associated with a person and comprising a room space region corridor space region, wherein said room space region and the region adjacent to each other corridor space and independent of each other.
16.根据权利要求15所述的系统,其特征在于,所述房间空间区域和所述廊道空间区域物理地隔离划分或者虚拟地隔离划分。 16. The system according to claim 15, characterized in that said room space region and the region is physically isolated corridor space or the virtual division is divided isolated.
17.根据权利要求15所述的系统,其特征在于,所述房间空间区域通过物理墙体的至少一部分隔离划分;以及所述廊道空间区域包括对走廊和楼梯的物理隔离划分或者虚拟隔离划分。 17. The system according to claim 15, characterized in that, the room space through at least a portion of the isolation region physically dividing wall; and the corridor space region including corridors and stairs physical separation or division of virtual divided isolation .
18.根据权利要求14所述的系统,其特征在于,所述设备包括暖通空调设备、照明设备、采光设备、给排水设备、室内交通设备、供配电设备、消防设备、安防设备和围护结构中的至少一个。 18. The system according to claim 14, characterized in that the device comprises a HVAC equipment, lighting equipment, lighting equipment, water supply and drainage equipment, indoor transportation equipment, power distribution equipment, fire-fighting equipment, security equipment and confining at least one of the retaining structure.
19.根据权利要求13所述的系统,其特征在于,所述空间区域的划分通过人工进行、自动进行或者半自动半人工进行。 19. The system according to claim 13, wherein the spatial region divided by manually, semi-automatically or semi-manually.
20.根据权利要求13所述的系统,其特征在于,所述节点单元对与其相对应的所述空间区域进行信号采集、控制且对相邻节点单元的请求进行响应。 20. The system according to claim 13, wherein said node unit corresponding thereto to the spatial area signal acquisition, and a request control unit responding to an adjacent node.
21.根据权利要求13所述的系统,其特征在于,所述节点单元物理地连接或者无线地连接,以形成所述节点控制网络。 21. The system according to claim 13, wherein said network control unit of the nodes is physically connected or wirelessly connected, to form.
22.根据权利要求13所述的系统,其特征在于,每个所述节点单元用于监控所述空间区域的HVAC、照明、采光、消防、安防和围护结构中的至少一个。 22. The system according to claim 13, wherein each of said node means for HVAC, lighting, lighting, fire protection, security monitoring, and the space envelope of the at least one region.
23.根据权利要求13所述的系统,其特征在于,所述节点控制网络配置成对无中心节点网络或者伪中心节点网络。 23. The system according to claim 13, characterized in that the control network node configured without a network central node or dummy node of the network center.
24.根据权利要求13所述的系统,其特征在于,所述节点控制网络配置成分布式计算网络。 24. The system according to claim 13, wherein said network node is configured to control a distributed computing network.
25.根据权利要求13所述的系统,其特征在于,所述节点单元配置成基于用户访问权限进行控制。 25. The system according to claim 13, wherein said node unit is configured to be controlled based on user access rights.
26.一种用于建筑群的控制系统,所述建筑群包括多个建筑,所述控制系统包括: 设置在每个所述建筑内的节点控制网络,每个所述节点控制网络由多个如下的节点单元配置而成: -将所述建筑划分成多个空间区域,所述空间区域彼此相邻且相互独立;以及-在每个所述空间区域中设置所述节点单元,所述节点单元用于对所述每个空间区域进行控制,其中空间相邻的所述空间区域内的所述节点单元被分别进行网络互连,且所述相邻的所述节点单元之间构造成彼此可相互通信,以形成与所述建筑相对应的节点控制网络并通过所述节点控制网络对所述建筑进行监控,且其中所述多个建筑的所述节点控制网络彼此网络互连。 26. A control system for buildings, the buildings comprising a plurality of construction, the control system comprising: control network node disposed within each of said building, each of said plurality of network control node node units configured from the following: - the building space into a plurality of regions, the spatial region adjacent to each other and independent of each other; and - means disposed in each of the nodes in the spatial region, said node between the node unit means for controlling each of the spatial region, wherein said node unit in the space adjacent to the space region are respectively interconnect with, and adjacent to each other is configured They can communicate with each other to form the building control network nodes corresponding to the building, and monitored by the control network node, and wherein said plurality of control nodes of the network architecture of a network interconnected with each other.
27.根据权利要求26所述的控制系统,其特征在于,所述节点单元对与其相对应的所述空间区域进行信号采集、控制且对相邻节点单元的请求进行响应。 27. A control system according to claim 26, wherein said node unit corresponding thereto to the spatial area signal acquisition, and a request control unit responding to an adjacent node.
28.根据权利要求26或27所述的控制系统,其特征在于,相邻所述建筑的所述节点控制网络通过彼此物理距离最接近的两个节点单元的通信而进行网络连接。 28. The control system of claim 26 or claim 27, wherein the adjacent node of the building control network and a network connected to each other physically closest distance communication unit by two nodes.
29.根据权利要求26或27所述的控制系统,其特征在于,相邻的所述节点控制网络通过相邻的多个节点单元的通信而进行网络连接。 29. The control system of claim 26 or claim 27, wherein said adjacent control node through a network and a communication network connecting a plurality of nodes adjacent cells.
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