CN103806411B - The clean dirty forming method of view staged Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box shore protection - Google Patents

The clean dirty forming method of view staged Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box shore protection Download PDF

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CN103806411B
CN103806411B CN201410036458.2A CN201410036458A CN103806411B CN 103806411 B CN103806411 B CN 103806411B CN 201410036458 A CN201410036458 A CN 201410036458A CN 103806411 B CN103806411 B CN 103806411B
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gabion
mesh sheet
monomer
plant
stone
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CN103806411A (en
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王沛芳
王超
钱进
侯俊
任文畅
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Hohai University HHU
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Hohai University HHU
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The present invention is the clean dirty forming method of view staged Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box shore protection, and the width evolution according to actual shore protection becomes stairstepping platform, pad paving anti-seepage geotextile; Discharge DTS gabion monomer from high in the end successively; Fix with holdfast between adjacent gabion monomer and between riverbank and gabion, described gabion monomer has each mesh sheet to assemble, built-in different-grain diameter stone, and recess is filled up soil and planted upper corresponding plant.Advantage: the filling of soil makes plant and microorganism can in the short time and not by stone obstruction situation on gabion, freely grow up rapidly shaping, can the pollutant that caused by agricultural non-point source etc. of effectively catching, can be purified step by step by plant groove on the one hand, on the other hand can by the seepage purification step by step of gabion different-grain diameter stone; The part gabion being arranged in water body also has purifying water body effect; Method is simple, and material requested is common to be easy to get, and it is convenient to implement, and the beautiful landscape of Riparian Zone is not lost in picturesque disorder vegetational zone yet simultaneously.

Description

The clean dirty forming method of view staged Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box shore protection
Technical field
The present invention relates to riverside landscape environment, dystrophication retains removal and the processing method of in-situ purification of water body or technique, the particularly clean dirty forming method of a kind of view staged Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box shore protection.Belong to ecological engineering technology field, lake, river.
Technical background
Current water bodies of rivers and lakes severe water pollution, eutrophication frequently occurs, and soil erosion phenomenon also occurs often, and how Control pollution material enters water bodies of rivers and lakes, improves water quality, and prevents the large-area loss of water and soil, become instant task.The source of water pollution, is broadly divided into point-source pollution and the large class of non-point pollution (pollution of area source) two.Easily detect relative to point-source pollution, easy to control and be convenient to manage punishment feature, non-point pollution with its dispersiveness, disguise, stochastic uncertainty, popularity, not easily detection property etc. feature, extreme difficulties is brought to purified treatment.
The shore protection band ecosystem has gallery function, pooling feature and vegetation bank revetment function, especially in non-point pollution and Soil Erosion Prevention and Cure, has irreplaceable effect.To utilize and transformation shore protection can improve the water quality that enters water body to a great extent and prevent bank soil erosion, reduce and receive the pollution risk of sewage body.The slope protection form in lake, current river mainly contains nature shore protection, rigidity revetment and ecology typed bank revetment.Though natural style bank protection can keep Riparian Zone ecological environment, bank stability, to prevent erosion etc. in still have deficiency.Though rigidity revetment can effective shore protection and preventing erosion, hardening shore protection makes Riparian Zone ecological effect have decline, causes the degeneration of ecosystem environment, and reduce the detergent power that retains of pollutant, view visual impression is poor.For this reason, the ecological environment problem how effectively improving lake, river shore protection becomes the hot issue of administering in lake, river.The eighties in 20th century, European countries started to promote the use of, and extensively promote the use of to the later stage nineties 20th century domestic also beginning, technology and the means of ecological revetment are increasingly mature.
So-called ecological revetment, refers to the natural riverbank after recovery or has the artificial shore protection on nature riverbank " permeability ".According to the difference using material, Riparian Zone ecological revetment engineering measure distinct.Wherein, gabion shore protection is one of traditional ecological revetment method.Its method is, in square or columniform wire mesh cage, fill the not too large blocks of natural stone of diameter, utilize it flexible large, allow the feature of bank protection deforming of the slope and be used to side slope shore protection and toe river bottom protection etc., formation has setting anti-flood capacity, and the shore protection of tool high voidage, many change in flow band.
Gabion material have flexible, corrosion-resistant, impact resistance strong, river-bed deformation can be adapted to, can effectively prevent erosion, economic dispatch advantage.To the growing method of plant thereon, common are on top layer or middlely lay fiber mat, planting plants or sow vegetable seeds; Or natural sediment earth is passed in the space between wait stone in time, some herbaceous plant of random growth.The shortcoming of fiber mat mode is: the filling mode of gabion building stones and quality directly affect the growth of plant, high to construction requirement, affect clean-up effect, is often difficult to reach expection purification target; Wait for that the shortcoming of sedimentary clay earthwork formula is: length consuming time, there is no plant growth early stage in completion, and plant effect is uncontrollable, can not play catharsis timely and effectively.
Summary of the invention
What the present invention proposed is the clean dirty forming method of a kind of view staged Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box shore protection, be intended to the defect overcoming above-mentioned Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box shore protection technology, development one has collection landscape function, water purification function, ecological functions etc. in one, the Riparian Zone bank protection method that comprehensive effect is good.
Technical solution of the present invention is: the clean dirty forming method of view staged Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box shore protection, it is characterized in that becoming stairstepping platform according to the width evolution of actual shore protection, thereon pad paving anti-seepage geotextile; According to by bank to lake, river center position, discharge DTS gabion monomer from high in the end successively; Fix with holdfast between adjacent gabion monomer and between riverbank and gabion, arrange with several rows of being close in current parallel direction, described gabion monomer has each mesh sheet to assemble, built-in different-grain diameter stone, and recess is filled up soil and planted upper corresponding plant.
Advantage of the present invention: stablize shore protection effectively can be kept, when preventing erosion, have following many places advantage concurrently, (1) plant and microorganism is made can freely to grow up shaping at short notice on gabion monomer rapidly adding of soil, can the pollutant that caused by agricultural non-point source etc. of effectively catching, especially the large discharge pollution sources caused by heavy rain etc., can be purified step by step by plant groove with the form of runoff on the one hand, the form of a seepage flow can pass through the Simple filter system of gabion different-grain diameter stone composition and the biomembrane seepage purification step by step of formation on the other hand, sewage is made just to enter water body again after cutting dirt in a large number, (2) the part gabion being arranged in water body can also have purifying water body effect by biomembrane effect between plant absorption and stone, (3) after this forming method suitably changes gabion monomer, also can apply to wide type embankment of vertical, reach the effect of same ecological pollution treatment, (4) this forming method, technique is simple, and material requested is common to be easy to get, and can be mass, and implements conveniently, and the beautiful landscape of Riparian Zone is not lost in picturesque disorder vegetational zone yet simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1-1 is that mesh sheet schematic diagram can be rolled in left and right.
Accompanying drawing 1-2 is ground rectangle mesh sheet schematic diagram.
Accompanying drawing 1-3 is the recessed rectangle mesh sheet schematic diagram of band.
Accompanying drawing 1-4 is that mesh sheet schematic diagram can be rolled in top.
Accompanying drawing 2-1 is gabion monomer skeleton elevation.
Accompanying drawing 2-2 is gabion monomer skeleton lateral view.
Accompanying drawing 3-1 is gabion monomer elevation.
Accompanying drawing 3-2 is gabion monomer lateral view.
Accompanying drawing 4-1 is elevation after DTS gabion monomer assembled formation.
Accompanying drawing 4-2 is DTS gabion monomer assembled formation lateral side view.
Accompanying drawing 5 is the clean dirty forming method schematic diagrames of view staged Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box shore protection.
Accompanying drawing 6 is the clean dirty forming method schematic diagrames of embankment of vertical staged Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box shore protection.
In figure 1 be gabion monomer, 2 are anti-seepage geotextiles, 3 are holdfasts, 4 to be band recessed rectangle mesh sheet, 5 be left and right can roll over mesh sheet, 6 is top can roll over mesh sheet, 7 to be rectangle mesh sheet, 8 be zinc-plated after wrap PVC topping high-quality mild steel wire, 9 are fine steel ribs, 10 are gravels, 11 are cobbles, 12 be block stone, 13 are permeation-proof water geotextiles, 14 be soil, 15 are plants.
Detailed description of the invention
Technical scheme of the present invention is further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
The clean dirty forming method of view staged Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box shore protection, the width evolution according to actual shore protection becomes stairstepping platform, thereon pad paving anti-seepage geotextile 2; According to by bank to lake, river center position, discharge DTS gabion monomer 1 from high in the end successively; Fix with holdfast 3 between adjacent gabion monomer 1 and between riverbank and gabion, arrange with several rows of being close in current parallel direction, described gabion monomer has each mesh sheet to assemble, built-in different-grain diameter stone, recess is filled up soil and is planted upper corresponding plant, as shown in Figure 5.
Described gabion monomer 1, by the recessed rectangle mesh sheet 4 of front and back belt, mesh sheet 5 can be rolled in left and right, mesh sheet 6 can be rolled in top, bottom surface rectangle mesh sheet 7, by diameter be 2.0mm-4.0mm zinc-plated after wrap PVC topping high-quality mild steel wire 8 be formed by connecting, during enforcement, first the ground rectangle mesh sheet 7 in gabion monomer 1, the recessed rectangle mesh sheet 4 of front and back belt and left and right can be rolled over mesh sheet 5 and be connected into an opening cuboid, bottom 1/4th At The Height successively to gabion monomer 1 fills out the gravel 10 straightening footpath <5cm, middle 1/4th At The Heights are filled out and are straightened the cobble 11 that footpath is 5--10cm, often one deck compacting successively, after specified degree, mesh sheet 6 can be rolled in top be first connected and fixed with the whippletree of the recessed rectangle mesh sheet 4 of band, finally the dual-side of gabion monomer 1 upper part fill out straighten footpath be 10--20cm add block stone 12 limit compacting, after stone amount reaches requirement, each limit is connected and fixed, next, permeable geotextiles 13 place mat is also fixing each of the recess of gabion monomer 1, fill out contiguous soil 14, Lu Sheng corresponding in kind, very water, submerged plant 15.
The recessed rectangle mesh sheet 4 of described band, left and right can roll over mesh sheet 5, mesh sheet 6 can be rolled in top, the housing skeleton of rectangle mesh sheet 7 is 8mm-10mm fine steel rib 9; gabion framework is shaped; the regular hexagon of mesh to be the length of side be 1cm, is all formed by the stranded braiding of high-quality mild steel wire 8 two-wire of wrapping PVC topping after zinc-plated.
Described gabion monomer 1, length, width and height size is followed successively by 15,10,8 units, and recess isosceles trapezoid is of a size of upper base height of going to the bottom and is followed successively by 5,8,4 units, can adjust according to actual conditions.
Be in the gabion monomer in SEA LEVEL VARIATION district and plant hay grass, reed, stem or leaf of cattail emergent aquactic plant, be in the gabion monomer in below SEA LEVEL VARIATION district and plant withered grass, golden careless algae, foxtail submerged plant, be in the gabion monomer in more than SEA LEVEL VARIATION district and plant Chinese littleleaf box, barberry, the small-sized terrestrial plant of glossy privet.
According to the band curved shape on riverbank, Riparian Zone of can fitting landform is arranged continuously.
Described gabion monomer, also can be applied to wide type embankment of vertical, according to actual revetment, suitably increases the height of gabion monomer, and form DTS gabion monomer, arrange successively from high in the end and be connected and fixed with holdfast, gabion elongated portion block stone is filled.
Described DTS gabion monomer; the high-quality mild steel wire 8 of PVC topping is wrapped as connection cord after zinc-plated; first mesh sheet 5 can be rolled in ground rectangle mesh sheet 7, the recessed rectangle mesh sheet 4 of front and back belt and left and right connects into an opening cuboid; first fill at lengthening gained space place block stone 12; and carry out compacting; then spread anti-seepage geotextile 2 in block stone plane and side, side of pulling in shore, following implementation step makes with gabion monomer.

Claims (1)

1. the clean dirty forming method of view staged Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box shore protection, is characterized in that becoming stairstepping platform according to the width evolution of actual shore protection, thereon pad paving anti-seepage geotextile; According to by bank to lake, river center position, discharge DTS gabion monomer from high in the end successively; Fix with holdfast between adjacent gabion monomer and between riverbank and gabion, arrange with several rows of being close in current parallel direction, described gabion monomer is assembled by each mesh sheet, built-in different-grain diameter stone, and recess is filled up soil and planted upper corresponding plant;
Described gabion monomer, by the recessed rectangle mesh sheet of front and back belt, mesh sheet can be rolled in left and right, and mesh sheet, bottom surface rectangle mesh sheet can be rolled in top, by diameter be 2.0mm-4.0mm zinc-plated after wrap PVC topping high-quality mild steel wire be formed by connecting;
When described gabion monomer is implemented, first the bottom surface rectangle mesh sheet in gabion monomer, the recessed rectangle mesh sheet of front and back belt and left and right can be rolled over mesh sheet and be connected into an opening cuboid, bottom 1/4th At The Height successively to gabion monomer fills out the gravel straightening footpath <5cm, middle 1/4th At The Heights are filled out and are straightened the cobble that footpath is 5-10cm, often one deck compacting successively, after specified degree, mesh sheet can be rolled in top be first connected and fixed with the whippletree of the recessed rectangle mesh sheet of band, finally the dual-side of gabion monomer upper part fill out straighten footpath be 10-20cm add the limit compacting of block stone, after stone amount reaches requirement, each limit is connected and fixed, next, permeable geotextiles place mat is also fixing each of the recess of gabion monomer, fill out contiguous soil, Lu Sheng corresponding in kind, very water, submerged plant,
The recessed rectangle mesh sheet of described band, left and right can roll over mesh sheet, mesh sheet can be rolled in top, the housing skeleton of bottom surface rectangle mesh sheet is 8mm-10mm fine steel rib, gabion framework is shaped, the regular hexagon of mesh to be the length of side be 1cm, is all formed by the stranded braiding of high-quality mild steel wire two-wire of wrapping PVC topping after zinc-plated;
Described gabion monomer, length, width and height size is followed successively by 15,10,8 units, and recess isosceles trapezoid is of a size of upper base, goes to the bottom, height is followed successively by 5,8,4 units, adjusts according to actual conditions; Be in the gabion monomer in SEA LEVEL VARIATION district and plant hay grass, reed, stem or leaf of cattail emergent aquactic plant, be in the gabion monomer in below SEA LEVEL VARIATION district and plant withered grass, golden careless algae, foxtail submerged plant, be in the gabion monomer in more than SEA LEVEL VARIATION district and plant Chinese littleleaf box, barberry, the small-sized terrestrial plant of glossy privet; According to the curved shape on riverbank, laminating Riparian Zone landform is arranged continuously; Described gabion monomer, also can be applied to wide type embankment of vertical, according to actual revetment, suitably increases the height of gabion monomer, and form DTS gabion monomer, arrange successively from high in the end and be connected and fixed with holdfast, gabion elongated portion block stone is filled.
CN201410036458.2A 2014-01-26 2014-01-26 The clean dirty forming method of view staged Ecotypic Stone Mesh-box shore protection Active CN103806411B (en)

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CN103924552B (en) * 2014-05-06 2016-02-17 苏州大学 A kind of construction process of the plant ecosystem based on riverbank gabion net barricade
CN103981836B (en) * 2014-05-28 2015-11-18 苏州大学 The construction method of a kind of wetland type riverbank gabion net barricade
CN104153379A (en) * 2014-08-11 2014-11-19 重庆威卡科技有限公司 Ecological combination box for slope protection
CN105544462B (en) * 2015-12-30 2018-11-20 北京东方园林生态股份有限公司 A kind of river disappears the bank protection method of wave
CN106952550A (en) * 2016-01-06 2017-07-14 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 It is a kind of stepwise to descend water level regulation analogue means
CN105453939A (en) * 2016-01-21 2016-04-06 湖南省森林植物园 Method for fabricating simple royal water lily cultivation container
CN108643118A (en) * 2018-04-02 2018-10-12 河海大学 A kind of staged ecological bank protection structure
CN108532539B (en) * 2018-04-19 2021-03-02 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所 Vegetation type monomer solid-based ecological revetment system
CN111320279B (en) * 2019-01-15 2021-04-16 复旦大学 Novel ecological slope protection with efficient water purification function and ecological improvement method

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US5636938A (en) * 1994-06-15 1997-06-10 Ragazzo; George Gabion system
CN1298934C (en) * 2004-12-27 2007-02-07 河海大学 Landscape type multi-stage stepwise artificial wetland protection slope forming method
JP2012092612A (en) * 2010-10-28 2012-05-17 Kinki Saiseki Kk Gabion with hollow holes and gabion connected body
KR20120077779A (en) * 2010-12-31 2012-07-10 (주)남영산업 Plant mat gabion and it's making method
CN102704441A (en) * 2012-05-30 2012-10-03 中水东北勘测设计研究有限责任公司 Arrangement method of ecological gabion chamber revetment type

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