CN103803707A - Method for purifying and restoring inland eutrophic freshwater area by using seawater mullets - Google Patents

Method for purifying and restoring inland eutrophic freshwater area by using seawater mullets Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103803707A
CN103803707A CN201210443880.0A CN201210443880A CN103803707A CN 103803707 A CN103803707 A CN 103803707A CN 201210443880 A CN201210443880 A CN 201210443880A CN 103803707 A CN103803707 A CN 103803707A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
grey mullet
waters
blue
algae
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201210443880.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103803707B (en
Inventor
阳清发
陈洪斌
马秋兰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai Nengzheng Fishery Technology Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shanghai Nengzheng Fishery Technology Development Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shanghai Nengzheng Fishery Technology Development Co Ltd filed Critical Shanghai Nengzheng Fishery Technology Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201210443880.0A priority Critical patent/CN103803707B/en
Publication of CN103803707A publication Critical patent/CN103803707A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103803707B publication Critical patent/CN103803707B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A90/00Technologies having an indirect contribution to adaptation to climate change
    • Y02A90/40Monitoring or fighting invasive species
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for purifying and restoring an inland eutrophic freshwater area by using seawater mullets, and relates to a method for purifying and restoring the inland eutrophic freshwater area by transplanting seawater fish. A biodetritus food chain centering on mullets is constructed by transplanting and releasing seawater mullets in the enclosed area of the inland eutrophic freshwater area and adopting closed fishing, the swallowing of organic matters and the filtration of floating algae under the cooperation of blue algae in the dormancy stage and the germination stage are adopted to purify and restore, and the transfer flow ways of the organic matters in the water area are increased to convey the organic matters of deposits in the water area out of water and a substrate and reduce the background values of the organic matters and the blue algae in the water area, so the mullets grow and propagate for many years, the carbon sink fishery of the mullets is valued, and the water area purifying and restoring capability is reinforced, thereby the alga control purification and restoration effect of the water area can be realized. The method reinforces the water purifying and restoring effect through fish transplantation and improves the water area purifying and restoring capability without a species invasion risk, and is a water purifying and restoring and alga control method suitable for lakes, rivers, reservoirs, landscape water and wetland characteristic water areas.

Description

Seawater grey mullet purifies the inland eutrophication freshwater method of repairing
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fish and purify the inland eutrophication freshwater method of repairing, being specifically related to a kind of offshore river mouth marine fishes---grey mullet moves and grows the method for repairing water environment to inland eutrophic water, purification, is that algae control method and activity are repaired in the purification that is applicable to the inland eutrophication freshwater of lake, rivers, reservoir, landscape water body, wet land system feature.
Background technology
2006, in 408 surface water monitoring sections in 197 rivers of the large water system of China seven (containing river, national boundaries), the section ratio of IV~V class and bad V class water quality was respectively 28% and 26%.The Liaohe River, Huaihe River, the Yellow River, Song Hua River water quality are poor, and Haihe River is seriously polluted, and trunk river aquatic ecosystem health is subject to obvious impact.Lake and reservoir eutrophication problem is serious, forms the Water Environment In Lakes problem take nitrogen and phosphorus pollution as essential characteristic.In 27 state control emphasis lakes (storehouse), 5, the lake (storehouse) of V class water quality, accounts for 19%; 13, bad V class water quality lake (storehouse), accounts for 48%.Nearest investigation shows, the lake eutrophication of the Asian-Pacific area 54%, and the eutrophic lake ratio of Europe, Africa, North America and South America is respectively 53%, 28%, and 48% and 41%, China is 60%.Taihu Lake, Dian Chi and Chaohu are in moderate eutrophic state.Lake eutrophication will directly cause deteriorating water quality, hypofunction, and aquatic ecosystem is unbalance; Eutrophic improvement there is no so far a lake and realizes water quality and ecological recovery completely, and eutrophication is a non-reversible process.Lake eutrophication outstanding problem, blue-green alga bloom takes place frequently, and river type waterhead area potential safety hazard is many, and sudden water pollution event very easily occurs.In China, having 1/4 city tap-water factory is take lake or reservoir is water source, pollutes and eutrophication makes limited Freshwater resources deficienter, and drinking water safety is on the hazard, publilc health is threatened, and China's rural potable water water quality condition also allows of no optimist simultaneously.The centralized drinking water source environmental aspect investigation in the above city of region was shown in 2011 according to Environmental Protection Department, approximately 35.7 billion cubic meter source qualities are not up to standard, account for 11.4% of total supply.
Because transition is fished for, natural fisheries water fishing resources decline is serious, species diversity declines obviously, cause miniaturization of fish, cause fish species and quantity significantly to reduce, destroy aquatic food webs network system, form the accumulation of Eutrophication materials, progressively by exogenous pollution to the endogenous pollution evolution that surmounts waters detergent power, overfishing may form by food web stable, but the undesired new consumers and producers of people, the ability of the natural fisheries water nutritive substance of hydrocoles trans-utilization declines gradually, hydrocoles purifying treatment ability more and more can not meet the requirement of disposal of pollutants, economic construction makes a large amount of nitrogen, the natural fisheries water of the excessive input of the nutritive substances such as phosphorus, the accumulation of natural water area eutrophication is more and more serious, water quality deterioration, the public waters ecosystem is unbalance, in this case, change eutrophic state and need to recover habitat, repairing food chain or taking relatively fierce gimmick to reduce storage effect makes system get back to state before.China is renovating lake environment energetically in recent years, and the method that purifies reparation waters mainly contains Physical and biological process.Physical mainly comprises mechanical salvaging, Sediment Dredging, artificial aeration, and this method need expend more human and material resources and financial resources, is not suitable for water field of big area; Biological process is rationally to adjust aquatic food chain, utilizes nutrition and Predatory relation, and interbiotic interaction, reaches and purifies the object of repairing waters.The advantages such as that biological process has is pollution-free, low consumption, sustainability, therefore receive increasing concern.
Conventionally carry out and comprise: sewage dams, ecological dredging, move back the comprehensive control measures of also also water, restoration of the ecosystem of lake, power of fishing, loke shore regulation and the construction of Huan Hu forest belt etc., be that ectogenic regulation and control improve Effects of Water Quality not remarkable; And use biological endogenous property means, and utilizing fish, shrimp, shellfish, algae is that main bioorganism carries out Ecological Recovery of Water, effect is more obvious.The measure of natural water area restoration of the ecosystem is mainly: (1) lakeside wetland treatment technology take hygrophyte as core: utilize vegetation buffer zone that pollutent is stopped, absorbed and transforms; Utilize artificial swamp make pollutent precipitation, degraded and absorbed by hydrobiont (being mainly microorganism).(2) to increase zooplankton as ecotechnology basis, that directly control algae.(3) to recover waterplant, the shallow waters ecological reestablishment of the training straw-planting type ecosystem.Above ecological reestablishment measure shows, aquatic higher animal does not obtain enough attention in aquatic ecosystem reparation, and the aquatic higher animal such as fish just in time can overcome the restriction of the water body depth, especially fish can be taken into account shoaling water and ballow, the ability of repairing in the performance of larger waters scope.Ignore the minimizing of fish value volume and range of product, fish food chain function weakens and lacks, and ignores the water purification repair of fish minimizing pollutent storage effect, and nearly ten years water bodys are repaired unsuccessful former therefore place just.Harness the river with fishing, repair and rebuild water ecosystem, recover water ecosystem structure, reduce lake endogenous pollution, realize Lake Water function and value of services, maintain and stablize healthy aquatic ecosystem, can reach exogenous means can not and object.Therefore, work out best fishery scale and the mode of production, development is the development path of a fishery and environmental protection doulbe-sides' victory by the water purification fishery of " centered by water ", guarantees the good ecotope in waters and fishery sustainable utilization.
In endogenous control algae and reparation water body method, microbial method promotes blue-green algae rot and be decomposed at natural water, but has ecological risk; Crustacean method cultivates, forms and maintain suitable population density difficulty at natural water area; Plant method is degraded to small-molecule substance and just can be absorbed and the fish method digestion blue-green algae that directly eats after organic corruption, before blue-green algae and organic corrupt degraded, is transformed and utilizes.Main biological restoration water body method is aquatic plant purification restorative procedure at present, especially Herba Eichhorniae stable breeding control algae recovery scenario is the competing method of this control algae recovery scenario, the major defect of this scheme is that the aquatic plant harvesting processing such as the Herba Eichhorniae growing up to every year expend a large amount of manpowers, the waterplant product resource difficult treatment such as the Herba Eichhorniae of harvesting, easily form new pollution, carry out ingoing river source of pollution and water pollution load reduction technology integrated with demonstration, carry out the blue-green alga bloom control of storehouse, lake and ecological reestablishment integrated with demonstration, progressively improve lake region quality of water environment.
In recent years clean environment engineering is carried out rapidly, and its core is take waterplant, filter feeder, Omnivore as clean biometric, and strengthening environment cleaning function reduces natural water area and the Pollutant levels of the water body of surviving.At public freshwater; take modern ecological theory as basis; according to the specific envrionment conditions of water body; by manually putting suitable fish species and quantity in a suitable place to breed; to improve the Fish Communities composition in this waters; ensure the eubiosis, thereby both reached protection water surrounding, can make full use of again the aquatic products power of water body.
In freshwater environment, purify the multi-functional fish kind shortage of repairing control algae, so far only has silver carp flathead, tilapia Ji the minority fish such as Xie Jaw silver xenocypris as the reports of freshwater control algae fish, grey mullet (Liza haematocheila), have another name called cute conjunctivitis mullet, large-scale offshore river mouth marine fishes, China coast all has distribution, many south, north is few, property is active, happiness is jumped, inhabit in river mouth and bay, and can enter fresh water, juvenile fish is liked cluster, there are obvious phototaxis and rheotaxis, the suitable salt scope of grey mullet is 0~38 ‰, can in the waters of 3 ℃~35 ℃ of water temperatures, live, optimum water temperature is 12 ℃~25 ℃.Grey mullet is individual large, growth potential and conversion water purification ability are remarkable, it can survive in fresh water environment, can only in seawater, breed, in bibliographical information, so far there are no purifies and repair the reports of fish as freshwater for seawater grey mullet, by grey mullet as purify the multi-functional fish of repairing control algae in lake, the method for the inland eutrophication freshwater novelty application of rivers, reservoir, pond, artificial swamp feature has no report.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiency of existing large water surface environmental purification repair ability, in freshwater environment, purify and repair control algae fish species rareness, water purification fish food chain lacks, fish transform organic water purifying scarce capacity, provide a kind of seawater grey mullet to purify the method for repairing inland eutrophication freshwater environment, strengthening waters purifies repairs control algae ability, and the method cost is low, simple to operate, there is not secondary pollution; Because grey mullet is seawater fish, belong to alien species at freshwater, repair biological species so increased to purify, irreproducible but it can only grow in fresh water, there is not the situation of grey mullet quantity growth; In organic process in trans-utilization water environment, increase output of aquatic products, purify and repair water body, at the carbon remittance Fishery value of freshwater performance grey mullet, increase economic benefit and social benefit, grey mullet population quantity reduces along with fishing for, and there is no the ecological risk of species invasion.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
Seawater grey mullet purifies the inland eutrophication freshwater method of repairing, move and grow the seawater grey mullet of releasing in eutrophication freshwater enclosure region, inland, take the measure of prohibiting fishing, allow grey mullet perennation breed, increase grey mullet and purify the time of repairing, build the detritus food Food chain take grey mullet as core, to eat organic matter and resting stage, the cooperative mode of the blue-green algae of germination period and filter food planktonic algae purifies reparation, increase eutrophication freshwater Organic Matter In Sediments and export the transfer flowpaths of water body and substrate by grey mullet, reduce waters organic matter and blue-green algae background values, cut down waters endogenous pollution, seawater grey mullet plays water purification reparation control algae three efficacy at freshwater, significantly improves waters and purifies repair ability, and grey mullet, at freshwater performance carbon remittance Fishery value, reaches control algae and purifies the effect of repairing waters, seawater grey mullet is irreproducible in fresh water environment, there is no species invasion risk, is the waters restorative procedure that is applicable to the eutrophication freshwater of lake, rivers, reservoir, landscape water body, wet land system feature.
Move and grow seawater grey mullet at inland eutrophication freshwater, directly organic waters original position resource utilization is converted into good grey mullet fish body protein, increase the repair of grey mullet water purification, reduce freshwater Eutrophic Extent, at the carbon remittance Fishery value of freshwater performance grey mullet.
Performance grey mullet carbon converges Shi You lake, waters, rivers, reservoir, pond, the wetland of Fishery value, the inland eutrophication freshwater of waterhead area artificial swamp feature, IV after date is arrived in the raun development of ovary in fresh water environment of seawater grey mullet, the freshwater environment restriction grey mullet ovary changing can not effectively excessively arrive the V phase, irreproducible offspring, population quantity only has minimizing can not increase, and can effectively avoid grey mullet population to spread unchecked the species invasion ecological risk causing.
Construct the detritus Food chain take grey mullet as core in enclosure region, waters Organic Matter In Sediments before the digestibility and utilization of eating fermentation is decomposed, create the substance transfer flow of energy approach of exporting waters Organic Matter In Sediments by grey mullet, cut down the organic background values in waters, the repair of performance water purification, effectively alleviate the decomposing, purifying pressure of waters microorganism, enclosure region division is at inland eutrophication freshwater simultaneously, for relatively independent lake, reservoir or be less than 100km 2enclosure waters, enclosure stops the freeing in and out of grey mullet.
1-5 prohibits fishing in enclosure region, take to prohibit fishing after measure, grey mullet is once put in a suitable place to breed, its low temperature tolerance characteristics can guarantee that grey mullet constantly repairs for many years water environment within the scope of different water depth, the Catchable size that limits grey mullet is more than 3 kilograms, improves the purification reparation contribution time of every tail grey mullet, better brings into play the purification of grey mullet and repairs potential, strengthen grey mullet and purify repair ability, improve 5-50 doubly than fishing for then the purification repairing effect bringing.
Every mu of waters utilizes the grey mullet of 30 kilograms to build grey mullet chip feeding habits food chain, the organic debris in food of eating in grey mullet growing multiplication process can account for the 70-90% of gross weight, average out to 85%, the waters organic matter of eating in the grey mullet anniversary, constantly cut down the organic background values in waters, and annual every square metre of waters Organic Matter In Sediments content reduces 100-350 gram, the output efficiency of waters Organic Matter In Sediments improves 50-80%.
Can eat in the anniversary blue-green algae of resting stage and germination period of the grey mullet that grows 30 kilograms of survivals is moved in every mu of waters, cut down waters blue-green algae background values, reduce the basis of blue algae growth breeding, and filter food planktonic algae, be fish body material in waters original position by blue-green algae trans-utilization, control spreading unchecked and breaking out of blue-green algae.
The spreading unchecked and break out by the algae that directly eats, filter food algae, reduce the organic three kinds of modes of waters deposition simultaneously and worked in coordination with of grey mullet control blue-green algae; The eat blue-green algae of resting stage and germination period of grey mullet, cuts down waters blue-green algae background values, reduces the basis of blue algae growth breeding; Filter food planktonic algae, reduces and suspends and floating algae content, and converted in-situ is utilized blue-green algae; The waters deposition of eating is organic, reduce the pollution burst size that organic matter fermentation brings, alleviate the decomposition pressure of waters microorganism, play the needed nutrient of competition algae, the effect that suppresses algae proliferation, reduces the organic labour intensity of artificial mechanical removal water environment.
Grey mullet trans-utilization blue-green algae is that blue-green algae is in the acid gizzard stomach of grey mullet; under the environment of PH2.0; the gelatinous sheath of acidifying blue-green algae; stir under grinding and make blue-green algae roll into a ball miniaturization in the contraction of pipe smooth muscle; then under the effect of enteron aisle digestive ferment, digest and assimilate; the symbiotic microorganism of enteron aisle back segment further decomposes blue-green algae and the organic matter that utilization is eaten, and the surplus materials after grey mullet digestibility and utilization makes waters organic matter particle miniaturization, is conducive to strengthen the capacity of decomposition of waters microorganism.
Having developed original position at fresh water eutrophic water directly applies the eat purification of transformation of marine fishes grey mullets and repairs algae control method, have and purify triple effects of repairing control algae at eutrophication freshwater, suppress blue-green algae than waterplant method competition nutritive substance and spread unchecked, the treatment process that purifies reparation waters is more directly more efficiently more scientific more in advance.
Seawater grey mullet purifies repairs inland eutrophication freshwater method and is completed by following steps: 1. bring into play grey mullet carbon and converge Shi You lake, waters, rivers, reservoir, pond, the wetland of Fishery value, the inland eutrophication freshwater of waterhead area artificial swamp feature, seawater grey mullet is raun development of ovary IV after date in fresh water environment, the freshwater environment restriction grey mullet changing can not effectively excessively arrive the V phase, irreproducible offspring, can effectively avoid species invasion risk; 2. move and grow seawater grey mullet at inland eutrophication freshwater, directly at inland eutrophication freshwater, organic waters original position resource utilization is converted into good fish body protein, increase the repair of grey mullet water purification, reduce waters Eutrophic Extent, the carbon remittance Fishery value of performance grey mullet; 3. build the detritus food Food chain take grey mullet as core in enclosure region, by the digestibility and utilization of eating before waters Organic Matter In Sediments fermentation decomposition, increase Organic Matter In Sediments and export the substance transfer flow of energy approach in waters by grey mullet, reduce the organic background values in waters, the repair of performance water purification, enclosure region is relatively independent lake, reservoir or is less than 100km 2enclosure waters; 4. 1-5 prohibits fishing in enclosure region, take to prohibit fishing after measure, grey mullet low temperature tolerance characteristics makes the grey mullet of once putting in a suitable place to breed can within the scope of different water depth, constantly repair for many years water environment, the Catchable size that limits grey mullet is more than 3 kilograms, improve the purification reparation contribution of every tail grey mullet, better potential is repaired in the purification of performance grey mullet, strengthens grey mullet and purifies repair ability, improves 5-50 doubly than fishing for then the purification repairing effect bringing; 5. every mu of waters utilizes the grey mullet of 30 kilograms to build grey mullet chip feeding habits food chain, eat organic debris in food of grey mullet can account for the 70-90% of gross weight, average out to 85%, in grey mullet growing multiplication process, the anniversary is constantly cut down waters organic matter, annual every square metre of waters Organic Matter In Sediments content reduces 100-350 gram, and the output efficiency of waters Organic Matter In Sediments improves 50-80%.6. every mu of waters is moved can eat in the anniversary blue-green algae of resting stage and germination period of the grey mullet that grows 30 kilograms of survivals and is cut down waters blue-green algae background values, reduce the basis of blue algae growth breeding, and filter food planktonic algae, be fish body material in waters original position by blue-green algae trans-utilization, control spreading unchecked and breaking out of blue-green algae; 7. grey mullet by directly eat and filter food algae mode control blue-green algae spread unchecked and break out the spreading unchecked and break out of mode control blue-green algae outer, that also deposit organic mode and reduce the nutritive substance of blue-green algae needs by reducing waters; The eat blue-green algae of resting stage and germination period of grey mullet, cuts down waters blue-green algae background values, reduces the basis of blue algae growth breeding; Filter food planktonic algae, reduces and suspends and floating algae content, and converted in-situ is utilized blue-green algae; The waters deposition of eating is organic, reduce the pollution burst size that organic matter fermentation brings, alleviate the decomposition pressure of waters microorganism, play the needed nutrient of competition algae, suppress the effect of the propagation of algae, reduce the organic labour intensity of artificial mechanical removal water environment, reduce the transfer amount that blue-green algae pollutes; 8. grey mullet trans-utilization blue-green algae is that blue-green algae is in the acid gizzard stomach of grey mullet, under the environment of PH2.0, the gelatinous sheath of acidifying blue-green algae, stir under grinding and make blue-green algae roll into a ball miniaturization in the contraction of pipe smooth muscle, then under the effect of enteron aisle digestive ferment, digest and assimilate, the symbiotic microorganism of enteron aisle back segment further decomposes blue-green algae and the organic matter that utilization is eaten; Surplus materials after grey mullet digestibility and utilization makes waters organic matter particle miniaturization, is conducive to strengthen the capacity of decomposition of waters microorganism; 9. develop original position at fresh water eutrophic water and directly applied the transformation of eating of marine fishes grey mullet, have and purify triple effects of repairing control algae, indirect inhibition blue-green algae than waterplant method competition nutritive substance is spread unchecked, and the treatment process that indirectly purifies reparation waters is more directly more efficiently more scientific more in advance.
Comparative advantages between Biological control method embody advantage of the present invention and beneficial effect:
1. large-area waterplant reduces aquaculture water capacity, absorbs nitrogen phosphorus in water, plays and the effect of blue-green algae competition for nutrients, does not directly control and conversion blue-green algae, and the heavier water body repair rate of Eutrophic Extent is not high; The competitive control of the exotic plant algaes such as while Herba Eichhorniae can be caused the new problems such as species invasion.
2. microbiological manipulation algae is just to decompose and utilize after algae putrid fermentation, and relevant nutrient is got back in water surrounding again, has health risk and ecological risk simultaneously, and cannot large-area applications.
3. improve zooplankton quantity in water and control algae content, zooplankton quantity multiplication regulatory difficulty is large, and the later-stage utilization of zooplankton is again new problem, acts on not obviously in the large water surface and deep water body, and success ratio is not high.
4. the large-scale blue-green algae of fish such as silver carp flathead, does not have these digestion organs of stomach, a little less than digestion ability, and control algae inefficiency, the small molecules blue-green algae that can not eat, digestibility and utilization degree is low, and quantity requirement is too large, and control algae effect is unsatisfactory.This is the not reason of large-area applications of silver carp bighead control algae just.
Part fish can directly eat and digest blue-green algae, before blue-green algae corruption, transformed and utilized, all embody the limitation of application in the freshwater fish control algae result such as silver carp bighead, tilapia of report, in practice process, be mainly manifested in silver carp bighead small-particle blue-green algae is lacked to the ability of eating, poor to the blue-green algae digestion ability of eating, also occur that at the main tilapia cultivating pool of supporting blue-green algae spreads unchecked event.
The present invention has following advanced character:
1. the present invention has expanded reparation waters kind, by breeding in seawater, in irreproducible grey mullet introducing eutrophic water, being used as clean reparation fish in fresh water, is the Innovation and application that freshwater is repaired biological species.
2. benefit of the present invention is the carbon remittance Fishery value of grey mullet to apply in freshwater, utilize the grey mullet of introducing to build and strengthening fish food chain function, the detritus material of eating, cuts down waters blue-green algae background values, trans-utilization blue-green algae and organic matter, water purifying environment.
3. the present invention builds chip feeding habits food chain at eutrophic water, grey mullet digests and assimilates eating of freshwater Organic Matter In Sediments in strengthening, build the waters detrital food chain centered by grey mullet, promote organic decomposition and utilization, optimize the approach of matter and energy circulation in aquatic ecosystem, after grey mullet trans-utilization freshwater deposition organic matter, take organic matter out of aquatic ecosystem, reduce water body eutrophication degree.
In the present invention seawater grey mullet in the application of fresh water eutrophic water, although be alien species, but the characteristic that grey mullet can only breed in seawater has been determined grey mullet quantity and can not have been increased, the applicable mankind of the characteristic of grey mullet high-quality protein are used simultaneously, through fishing for the biomass that can effectively control grey mullet, there is no ecological invasion risk.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail by following embodiment, but the technology contents that this embodiment is narrated is illustrative, rather than determinate, should not limit to protection scope of the present invention with this.
Embodiment 1
1. bring into play grey mullet carbon and converge Shi You lake, waters, rivers, reservoir, pond, the wetland of Fishery value, the inland eutrophication freshwater of waterhead area artificial swamp feature, seawater grey mullet is raun development of ovary IV after date in fresh water environment, the freshwater environment restriction grey mullet changing can not effectively excessively arrive the V phase, irreproducible offspring, can effectively avoid species invasion risk; 2. move and grow seawater grey mullet at inland eutrophication freshwater, directly at inland eutrophication freshwater, organic waters original position resource utilization is converted into good fish body protein, increase the repair of grey mullet water purification, reduce waters Eutrophic Extent, the carbon remittance Fishery value of performance grey mullet; 3. build the detritus food Food chain take grey mullet as core in enclosure region, by the digestibility and utilization of eating before waters Organic Matter In Sediments fermentation decomposition, increase Organic Matter In Sediments and export the substance transfer flow of energy approach in waters by grey mullet, reduce the organic background values in waters, the repair of performance water purification, enclosure region is relatively independent lake, reservoir or is less than 100km 2enclosure waters; 4. 1-5 prohibits fishing in enclosure region, take to prohibit fishing after measure, grey mullet low temperature tolerance characteristics makes the grey mullet of once putting in a suitable place to breed can within the scope of different water depth, constantly repair for many years water environment, the Catchable size that limits grey mullet is more than 3 kilograms, improve the purification reparation contribution of every tail grey mullet, better potential is repaired in the purification of performance grey mullet, strengthens grey mullet and purifies repair ability, improves 5-50 doubly than fishing for then the purification repairing effect bringing; 5. the grey mullet seedling of 200 tail 3-4 centimetres is put in every mu, enclosure region in a suitable place to breed, when the end of the year grey mullet specification reach 150 grams, the biomass of every mu of waters grey mullet reaches 30 kilograms then, can control spreading unchecked of blue-green algae, promotes the purification in waters; In every mu of waters, two age grey mullet need the initial stocking rate of 10 kilograms, just can control spreading unchecked of blue-green algae, the purification in promotion waters, grey mullet specification will reach 750 grams of left and right in the end of the year; In every mu of waters, three age grey mullet need the initial stocking rate of 5 kilograms, just can control spreading unchecked of blue-green algae, the purification in promotion waters, grey mullet specification will reach 1500 grams of left and right in the end of the year; Every mu of waters utilizes the grey mullet of 30 kilograms to build grey mullet chip feeding habits food chain, eat organic debris in food of grey mullet can account for the 70-90% of gross weight, average out to 85%, in grey mullet growing multiplication process, the anniversary is constantly cut down waters organic matter, annual every square metre of waters Organic Matter In Sediments content reduces 100-350 gram, and the output efficiency of waters Organic Matter In Sediments improves 50-80%.6. every mu of waters is moved can eat in the anniversary blue-green algae of resting stage and germination period of the grey mullet that grows 30 kilograms of survivals and is cut down waters blue-green algae background values, reduce the basis of blue algae growth breeding, and filter food planktonic algae, be fish body material in waters original position by blue-green algae trans-utilization, control spreading unchecked and breaking out of blue-green algae; 7. grey mullet by directly eat and filter food algae mode control blue-green algae spread unchecked and break out the spreading unchecked and break out of mode control blue-green algae outer, that also deposit organic mode and reduce the nutritive substance of blue-green algae needs by reducing waters; The eat blue-green algae of resting stage and germination period of grey mullet, cuts down waters blue-green algae background values, reduces the basis of blue algae growth breeding; Filter food planktonic algae, reduces and suspends and floating algae content, and converted in-situ is utilized blue-green algae; The waters deposition of eating is organic, reduce the pollution burst size that organic matter fermentation brings, alleviate the decomposition pressure of waters microorganism, play the needed nutrient of competition algae, suppress the effect of the propagation of algae, reduce the organic labour intensity of artificial mechanical removal water environment, reduce the transfer amount that blue-green algae pollutes; 8. grey mullet trans-utilization blue-green algae is that blue-green algae is in the acid gizzard stomach of grey mullet, under the environment of PH2.0, the gelatinous sheath of acidifying blue-green algae, stir under grinding and make blue-green algae roll into a ball miniaturization in the contraction of pipe smooth muscle, then under the effect of enteron aisle digestive ferment, digest and assimilate, the symbiotic microorganism of enteron aisle back segment further decomposes blue-green algae and the organic matter that utilization is eaten; Surplus materials after grey mullet digestibility and utilization makes waters organic matter particle miniaturization, is conducive to strengthen the capacity of decomposition of waters microorganism; 9. develop original position at fresh water eutrophic water and directly applied the transformation of eating of marine fishes grey mullet, have and purify triple effects of repairing control algae, indirect inhibition blue-green algae than waterplant method competition nutritive substance is spread unchecked, and the treatment process that indirectly purifies reparation waters is more directly more efficiently more scientific more in advance.
Embodiment 2
1. move and grow grey mullet at lake fresh water eutrophic water, seawater grey mullet is irreproducible in fresh water environment, there is no species invasion risk; 2. move and grow seawater grey mullet at inland eutrophication freshwater, directly at inland eutrophication freshwater, organic waters original position resource utilization is converted into good fish body protein, increase the repair of grey mullet water purification, reduce waters Eutrophic Extent, the carbon remittance Fishery value of performance grey mullet; 3. build the detritus food Food chain take grey mullet as core in enclosure region, by the digestibility and utilization of eating before waters Organic Matter In Sediments fermentation decomposition, increase Organic Matter In Sediments and export the substance transfer flow of energy approach in waters by grey mullet, reduce the organic background values in waters, the repair of performance water purification, enclosure region is relatively independent lake, reservoir or is less than 100km 2enclosure waters; 4. the grey mullet seedling of 200 tail 3-4 centimetres is put in every mu, enclosure region in a suitable place to breed, when the end of the year grey mullet specification reach 150 grams, the biomass of every mu of waters grey mullet reaches 30 kilograms then, can control spreading unchecked of blue-green algae, promotes the purification in waters; Prohibit fishing 1 year in enclosure region, take to prohibit fishing after measure, grey mullet low temperature tolerance characteristics makes the grey mullet of once putting in a suitable place to breed can within the scope of different water depth, constantly repair for many years water environment, improve the purification reparation contribution of every tail grey mullet, better potential is repaired in the purification of performance grey mullet, strengthen grey mullet and purify repair ability, improve 5 times than fishing for then the purification repairing effect bringing, and annual every square metre of organic content of waters settling own reduces 100 grams by 1000 grams; 5. every mu of waters utilizes the grey mullet of 30 kilograms to build grey mullet chip feeding habits food chain, eat organic debris in food of grey mullet can account for the 70-90% of gross weight, average out to 85%, in grey mullet growing multiplication process, the anniversary is constantly cut down waters organic matter, annual every square metre of waters Organic Matter In Sediments content reduces 100 grams, and the output efficiency of waters Organic Matter In Sediments improves 50%; 6. every mu of waters is moved can the eat blue-green algae of resting stage and germination period of the grey mullet that grows 30 kilograms of survivals and is cut down waters blue-green algae background values, reduce the basis of blue algae growth breeding, and the mode trans-utilization blue-green algae of collaborative filter food planktonic algae, control spreading unchecked and breaking out of blue-green algae; 7. grey mullet control blue-green algae to spread unchecked and break out be directly to eat and filter the collaborative waters of reducing of the mode of food algae to deposit that organic mode completes; The eat blue-green algae of resting stage and germination period of grey mullet, cuts down waters blue-green algae background values, reduces the basis of blue algae growth breeding; Filter food planktonic algae, reduces and suspends and floating algae content; The waters deposition of eating is organic, reduces the pollution burst size that organic matter fermentation brings, the needed nutrient of competition algae, and the propagation of inhibition algae, reduces the organic labour intensity of artificial mechanical removal water environment; 8. grey mullet trans-utilization blue-green algae is that blue-green algae enters in the acid gizzard stomach of grey mullet, under the environment of PH2.0, the gelatinous sheath of acidifying blue-green algae, stir under grinding and make blue-green algae roll into a ball miniaturization in the contraction of pipe smooth muscle, then under the effect of enteron aisle digestive ferment, digest and assimilate, the symbiotic microorganism of enteron aisle back segment further decomposes blue-green algae and the organic matter that utilization is eaten; 9. develop the eat purification of transformation of direct application marine fishes grey mullet at fresh water eutrophic water and repaired algae control method, have at eutrophic water and purify the multiple effect of repairing control algae, the purification repair process waters treatment process of spreading unchecked by microbial process indirect competition nutritive substance, inhibition blue-green algae than waterplant is more directly efficient.
Embodiment 3
1. move and grow grey mullet at rivers fresh water eutrophic water, seawater grey mullet is irreproducible in fresh water environment, there is no species invasion risk; 2. move and grow seawater grey mullet at inland eutrophication freshwater, directly at inland eutrophication freshwater, organic waters original position resource utilization is converted into good fish body protein, increase the repair of grey mullet water purification, reduce waters Eutrophic Extent, the carbon remittance Fishery value of performance grey mullet; 3. build the detritus food Food chain take grey mullet as core in enclosure region, by the digestibility and utilization of eating before waters Organic Matter In Sediments fermentation decomposition, increase Organic Matter In Sediments and export the substance transfer flow of energy approach in waters by grey mullet, reduce the organic background values in waters, the repair of performance water purification, enclosure region is relatively independent lake, reservoir or is less than 100km 2enclosure waters; 4. the grey mullet seedling of 200 tail 3-4 centimetres is put in every mu, enclosure region in a suitable place to breed, when the end of the year grey mullet specification reach 150 grams, the biomass of every mu of waters grey mullet reaches 30 kilograms then, can control spreading unchecked of blue-green algae, promotes the purification in waters; In every mu of waters, two age grey mullet need the initial stocking rate of 10 kilograms, just can control spreading unchecked of blue-green algae, the purification in promotion waters, grey mullet specification will reach 750 grams of left and right in the end of the year; Prohibit fishing 2 years in enclosure region, take to prohibit fishing after measure, grey mullet low temperature tolerance characteristics makes the grey mullet of once putting in a suitable place to breed can within the scope of different water depth, constantly repair for many years water environment, the Catchable size that limits grey mullet is more than 3 kilograms, improve the purification reparation contribution of every tail grey mullet, better potential is repaired in the purification of performance grey mullet, strengthen grey mullet and purify repair ability, improve 10 times than fishing for then the purification repairing effect bringing, and annual every square metre of organic content of waters settling own reduces 200 grams by 1000 grams; 5. every mu of waters utilizes the grey mullet of 30 kilograms to build grey mullet chip feeding habits food chain, eat organic debris in food of grey mullet can account for the 70-90% of gross weight, average out to 85%, in grey mullet growing multiplication process, the anniversary is constantly cut down waters organic matter, annual every square metre of waters Organic Matter In Sediments content reduces 200 grams, and the output efficiency of waters Organic Matter In Sediments improves 60%; 6. every mu of waters is moved can the eat blue-green algae of resting stage and germination period of the grey mullet that grows 30 kilograms of survivals and is cut down waters blue-green algae background values, reduce the basis of blue algae growth breeding, and the mode trans-utilization blue-green algae of collaborative filter food planktonic algae, control spreading unchecked and breaking out of blue-green algae; 7. grey mullet control blue-green algae to spread unchecked and break out be directly to eat and filter the collaborative waters of reducing of the mode of food algae to deposit that organic mode completes; The eat blue-green algae of resting stage and germination period of grey mullet, cuts down waters blue-green algae background values, reduces the basis of blue algae growth breeding; Filter food planktonic algae, reduces and suspends and floating algae content; The waters deposition of eating is organic, reduces the pollution burst size that organic matter fermentation brings, the needed nutrient of competition algae, and the propagation of inhibition algae, reduces the organic labour intensity of artificial mechanical removal water environment; 8. grey mullet trans-utilization blue-green algae is that blue-green algae enters in the acid gizzard stomach of grey mullet, under the environment of PH2.0, the gelatinous sheath of acidifying blue-green algae, stir under grinding and make blue-green algae roll into a ball miniaturization in the contraction of pipe smooth muscle, then under the effect of enteron aisle digestive ferment, digest and assimilate, the symbiotic microorganism of enteron aisle back segment further decomposes blue-green algae and the organic matter that utilization is eaten; 9. develop the eat purification of transformation of direct application marine fishes grey mullet at fresh water eutrophic water and repaired algae control method, have at eutrophic water and purify the multiple effect of repairing control algae, the purification repair process waters treatment process of spreading unchecked by microbial process indirect competition nutritive substance, inhibition blue-green algae than waterplant is more directly efficient.
Embodiment 4
1. move and grow grey mullet at reservoir fresh water eutrophic water, seawater grey mullet is irreproducible in fresh water environment, there is no species invasion risk; 2. move and grow seawater grey mullet at inland eutrophication freshwater, directly at inland eutrophication freshwater, organic waters original position resource utilization is converted into good fish body protein, increase the repair of grey mullet water purification, the output efficiency of waters Organic Matter In Sediments has improved 80%, reduce waters Eutrophic Extent, the carbon remittance Fishery value of performance grey mullet; 3. build the detritus food Food chain take grey mullet as core in enclosure region, by the digestibility and utilization of eating before waters Organic Matter In Sediments fermentation decomposition, increase Organic Matter In Sediments and export the substance transfer flow of energy approach in waters by grey mullet, reduce the organic background values in waters, the repair of performance water purification, enclosure region is relatively independent lake, reservoir or is less than 100km 2enclosure waters; 4. the grey mullet seedling of 200 tail 3-4 centimetres is put in every mu, enclosure region in a suitable place to breed, when the end of the year grey mullet specification reach 150 grams, the biomass of every mu of waters grey mullet reaches 30 kilograms then, can control spreading unchecked of blue-green algae, promotes the purification in waters; In every mu of waters, two age grey mullet need the initial stocking rate of 10 kilograms, just can control spreading unchecked of blue-green algae, the purification in promotion waters, grey mullet specification will reach 750 grams of left and right in the end of the year; In every mu of waters, three age grey mullet need the initial stocking rate of 5 kilograms, just can control spreading unchecked of blue-green algae, the purification in promotion waters, grey mullet specification will reach 1500 grams of left and right in the end of the year; Prohibit fishing 3 years in enclosure region, take to prohibit fishing after measure, grey mullet low temperature tolerance characteristics makes the grey mullet of once putting in a suitable place to breed can within the scope of different water depth, constantly repair for many years water environment, the Catchable size that limits grey mullet is more than 3 kilograms, improve the purification reparation contribution of every tail grey mullet, better potential is repaired in the purification of performance grey mullet, strengthen grey mullet and purify repair ability, improve 10 times than fishing for then the purification repairing effect bringing, and annual every square metre of organic content of waters settling own reduces 300 grams by 1000 grams; 5. every mu of waters utilizes the grey mullet of 30 kilograms to build grey mullet chip feeding habits food chain, eat organic debris in food of grey mullet can account for the 70-90% of gross weight, average out to 85%, in grey mullet growing multiplication process, the anniversary is constantly cut down waters organic matter, annual every square metre of waters Organic Matter In Sediments content reduces 300 grams, and the output efficiency of waters Organic Matter In Sediments improves 80%; 6. every mu of waters is moved can the eat blue-green algae of resting stage and germination period of the grey mullet that grows 30 kilograms of survivals and is cut down waters blue-green algae background values, reduce the basis of blue algae growth breeding, and the mode trans-utilization blue-green algae of collaborative filter food planktonic algae, control spreading unchecked and breaking out of blue-green algae; 7. grey mullet control blue-green algae to spread unchecked and break out be directly to eat and filter the collaborative waters of reducing of the mode of food algae to deposit that organic mode completes; The eat blue-green algae of resting stage and germination period of grey mullet, cuts down waters blue-green algae background values, reduces the basis of blue algae growth breeding; Filter food planktonic algae, reduces and suspends and floating algae content; The waters deposition of eating is organic, reduces the pollution burst size that organic matter fermentation brings, the needed nutrient of competition algae, and the propagation of inhibition algae, reduces the organic labour intensity of artificial mechanical removal water environment; 8. grey mullet trans-utilization blue-green algae is that blue-green algae enters in the acid gizzard stomach of grey mullet, under the environment of PH2.0, the gelatinous sheath of acidifying blue-green algae, stir under grinding and make blue-green algae roll into a ball miniaturization in the contraction of pipe smooth muscle, then under the effect of enteron aisle digestive ferment, digest and assimilate, the symbiotic microorganism of enteron aisle back segment further decomposes blue-green algae and the organic matter that utilization is eaten; 9. develop the eat purification of transformation of direct application marine fishes grey mullet at fresh water eutrophic water and repaired algae control method, have at eutrophic water and purify the multiple effect of repairing control algae, the purification repair process waters treatment process of spreading unchecked by microbial process indirect competition nutritive substance, inhibition blue-green algae than waterplant is more directly efficient.
Embodiment 5
1. in lake, the fresh water eutrophic water of rivers, reservoir feature moves and grows grey mullet, seawater grey mullet is irreproducible in fresh water environment, there is no species invasion risk; 2. move and grow seawater grey mullet at inland eutrophication freshwater, directly at inland eutrophication freshwater, organic waters original position resource utilization is converted into good fish body protein, increase the repair of grey mullet water purification, the output efficiency of waters Organic Matter In Sediments has improved 80%, reduce waters Eutrophic Extent, the carbon remittance Fishery value of performance grey mullet; 3. build the detritus food Food chain take grey mullet as core in enclosure region, by the digestibility and utilization of eating before waters Organic Matter In Sediments fermentation decomposition, increase Organic Matter In Sediments and export the substance transfer flow of energy approach in waters by grey mullet, reduce the organic background values in waters, the repair of performance water purification, enclosure region is relatively independent lake, reservoir or is less than 100km 2enclosure waters; 4. the grey mullet seedling of 200 tail 3-4 centimetres is put in every mu, enclosure region in a suitable place to breed, when the end of the year grey mullet specification reach 150 grams, the biomass of every mu of waters grey mullet reaches 30 kilograms then, can control spreading unchecked of blue-green algae, promotes the purification in waters; In every mu of waters, two age grey mullet need the initial stocking rate of 10 kilograms, just can control spreading unchecked of blue-green algae, the purification in promotion waters, grey mullet specification will reach 750 grams of left and right in the end of the year; In every mu of waters, three age grey mullet need the initial stocking rate of 5 kilograms, just can control spreading unchecked of blue-green algae, the purification in promotion waters, grey mullet specification will reach 1500 grams of left and right in the end of the year; Prohibit fishing 5 years in enclosure region, take to prohibit fishing after measure, grey mullet low temperature tolerance characteristics makes the grey mullet of once putting in a suitable place to breed can within the scope of different water depth, constantly repair for many years water environment, the Catchable size that limits grey mullet is more than 3 kilograms, improve the purification reparation contribution of every tail grey mullet, better potential is repaired in the purification of performance grey mullet, strengthen grey mullet and purify repair ability, improve 20 times than fishing for then the purification repairing effect bringing, and annual every square metre of organic content of waters settling own reduces 350 grams by 1000 grams; 5. every mu of waters utilizes the grey mullet of 30 kilograms to build grey mullet chip feeding habits food chain, eat organic debris in food of grey mullet can account for the 70-90% of gross weight, average out to 85%, in grey mullet growing multiplication process, the anniversary is constantly cut down waters organic matter, annual every square metre of waters Organic Matter In Sediments content reduces 100-350 gram, and the output efficiency of waters Organic Matter In Sediments improves 80%; 6. every mu of waters is moved can the eat blue-green algae of resting stage and germination period of the grey mullet that grows 30 kilograms of survivals and is cut down waters blue-green algae background values, reduce the basis of blue algae growth breeding, and the mode trans-utilization blue-green algae of collaborative filter food planktonic algae, control spreading unchecked and breaking out of blue-green algae; 7. grey mullet control blue-green algae to spread unchecked and break out be directly to eat and filter the collaborative waters of reducing of the mode of food algae to deposit that organic mode completes; The eat blue-green algae of resting stage and germination period of grey mullet, cuts down waters blue-green algae background values, reduces the basis of blue algae growth breeding; Filter food planktonic algae, reduces and suspends and floating algae content; The waters deposition of eating is organic, reduces the pollution burst size that organic matter fermentation brings, the needed nutrient of competition algae, and the propagation of inhibition algae, reduces the organic labour intensity of artificial mechanical removal water environment; 8. grey mullet trans-utilization blue-green algae is that blue-green algae enters in the acid gizzard stomach of grey mullet, under the environment of PH2.0, the gelatinous sheath of acidifying blue-green algae, stir under grinding and make blue-green algae roll into a ball miniaturization in the contraction of pipe smooth muscle, then under the effect of enteron aisle digestive ferment, digest and assimilate, the symbiotic microorganism of enteron aisle back segment further decomposes blue-green algae and the organic matter that utilization is eaten; 9. develop the eat purification of transformation of direct application marine fishes grey mullet at fresh water eutrophic water and repaired algae control method, have at eutrophic water and purify the multiple effect of repairing control algae, the purification repair process waters treatment process of spreading unchecked by microbial process indirect competition nutritive substance, inhibition blue-green algae than waterplant is more directly efficient.
This case has at the eutrophic water environment of inland-lake pool, river course, reservoir, pond, landscape water body, artificial swamp feature and moves the exclusive right of growing grey mullet, has freshwater and realizes grey mullet carbon and converge the exclusive right of Fishery value.At fresh water eutrophic water, the moving foster area size, quantity, purposes difference and do not affect the interests of this case of grey mullet.This case also has at natural eutrophication freshwater and utilizes grey mullet improve water quality and increase economic activity and the social activity exclusive right that fishery products outputs is object, at natural eutrophication freshwater any be object for article grey mullet handing-over both sides, both sides of supply and demand, grant and accept both sides and all invade the rights and interests of this case.

Claims (10)

1. seawater grey mullet purifies the inland eutrophication freshwater method of repairing, move and grow the seawater grey mullet of releasing in eutrophication freshwater enclosure region, inland, take the measure of prohibiting fishing, allow grey mullet perennation breed, increase grey mullet and purify the time of repairing, at the carbon remittance Fishery value of freshwater performance grey mullet, reach control algae and purify the effect of repairing waters; Build the detritus food Food chain take grey mullet as core, purify reparation with the blue-green algae of eat organic matter and resting stage, germination period and the cooperative mode of filter food planktonic algae, increase eutrophication freshwater Organic Matter In Sediments and export the transfer flowpaths of water body and substrate by grey mullet, reduce waters organic matter and blue-green algae background values, cut down waters endogenous pollution; Seawater grey mullet plays water purification reparation control algae three efficacy at freshwater, significantly improve waters and purify repair ability, seawater grey mullet is irreproducible in fresh water environment, there is no species invasion risk, is the waters restorative procedure that is applicable to the eutrophication freshwater of lake, rivers, reservoir, landscape water body, wet land system feature.
2. seawater grey mullet according to claim 1 purifies the inland eutrophication freshwater method of repairing, it is characterized in that moving and growing seawater grey mullet at inland eutrophication freshwater, directly organic waters original position resource utilization is converted into good grey mullet fish body protein at inland eutrophication freshwater, increase the repair of grey mullet water purification, the output efficiency of waters Organic Matter In Sediments has improved 80%, reduce freshwater Eutrophic Extent, at the carbon remittance Fishery value of freshwater performance grey mullet.
3. seawater grey mullet according to claim 1 purifies the inland eutrophication freshwater method of repairing, it is characterized in that bringing into play grey mullet carbon and converge Shi You lake, waters, rivers, reservoir, pond, the wetland of Fishery value, the inland eutrophication freshwater of waterhead area artificial swamp feature, seawater grey mullet is raun development of ovary IV after date in fresh water environment, the freshwater environment restriction grey mullet ovary changing can not effectively excessively arrive the V phase, irreproducible offspring, the species invasion risk that can effectively avoid grey mullet population to spread unchecked.
4. seawater grey mullet according to claim 1 purifies the inland eutrophication freshwater method of repairing, it is characterized in that constructing in enclosure region the detritus Food chain take grey mullet as core, the digestibility and utilization of eating before waters Organic Matter In Sediments fermentation is decomposed, increase Organic Matter In Sediments and export the substance transfer flow of energy approach in waters by grey mullet, reduce the organic background values in waters, the repair of performance water purification, effectively alleviate the decomposing, purifying pressure of waters microorganism simultaneously, enclosure region division is at inland eutrophication freshwater, for relatively independent lake, reservoir or be less than 100km 2enclosure waters, enclosure stops the freeing in and out of grey mullet.
5. seawater grey mullet according to claim 1 purifies the inland eutrophication freshwater method of repairing, it is characterized in that the enclosure region 1-5 that prohibits fishing, take to prohibit fishing after measure, grey mullet low temperature tolerance characteristics makes the grey mullet of once putting in a suitable place to breed can within the scope of different water depth, constantly repair for many years water environment, the Catchable size that limits grey mullet is more than 3 kilograms, improve the purification reparation contribution time of every tail grey mullet, better potential is repaired in the purification of performance grey mullet, strengthen grey mullet and purify repair ability, improve 5-50 doubly than fishing for then the purification repairing effect bringing.
6. seawater grey mullet according to claim 1 purifies the inland eutrophication freshwater method of repairing, it is characterized in that every mu of waters utilizes the grey mullet of 30 kilograms to build grey mullet chip feeding habits food chain, the organic debris in food of eating in grey mullet growing multiplication process can account for the 70-90% of gross weight, average out to 85%, the waters organic matter of eating in the grey mullet anniversary, constantly cut down the organic background values in waters, annual every square metre of waters Organic Matter In Sediments content reduces 100-350 gram, and the output efficiency of waters Organic Matter In Sediments improves 50-80%.
7. seawater grey mullet according to claim 1 purifies the inland eutrophication freshwater method of repairing, it is characterized in that every mu of waters is moved grows can eat in the anniversary blue-green algae of resting stage and germination period of the survival grey mullet of 30 kilograms and cuts down waters blue-green algae background values, reduce the basis of blue algae growth breeding, and filter food planktonic algae, be fish body material in waters original position by blue-green algae trans-utilization, control spreading unchecked and breaking out of blue-green algae.
8. seawater grey mullet according to claim 1 purifies and repairs inland eutrophication freshwater method, it is characterized in that grey mullet control blue-green algae to spread unchecked and break out be by directly eat and filter the mode of algae of eating, reduce waters and deposit organic mode and worked in coordination with simultaneously; The eat blue-green algae of resting stage and germination period of grey mullet, cuts down waters blue-green algae background values, reduces the basis of blue algae growth breeding; Filter food planktonic algae, reduces and suspends and floating algae content, and converted in-situ is utilized blue-green algae; The waters deposition of eating is organic, reduce the pollution burst size that organic matter fermentation brings, alleviate the decomposition pressure of waters microorganism, play the needed nutrient of competition algae, the effect that suppresses the propagation of algae, reduces the organic labour intensity of artificial mechanical removal water environment.
9. seawater grey mullet according to claim 1 purifies the inland eutrophication freshwater method of repairing, it is characterized in that grey mullet trans-utilization blue-green algae is that blue-green algae is in the acid gizzard stomach of grey mullet, under the environment of PH2.0, the gelatinous sheath of acidifying blue-green algae, stir under grinding and make blue-green algae roll into a ball miniaturization in the contraction of pipe smooth muscle, then under the effect of enteron aisle digestive ferment, digest and assimilate, the symbiotic microorganism of enteron aisle back segment further decomposes blue-green algae and the organic matter that utilization is eaten, surplus materials after grey mullet digestibility and utilization makes waters organic matter particle miniaturization, be conducive to strengthen the capacity of decomposition of waters microorganism.
10. seawater grey mullet according to claim 1 purifies the inland eutrophication freshwater method of repairing, it is characterized in that having developed original position at fresh water eutrophic water directly applies the eat purification of transformation of marine fishes grey mullets and repair algae control method, have and purify triple effects of repairing control algae at eutrophication freshwater, suppress blue-green algae than waterplant method competition nutritive substance and spread unchecked, the treatment process that purifies reparation waters is more directly more efficiently more scientific more in advance.
CN201210443880.0A 2012-11-08 2012-11-08 Inland eutrophication freshwater method is repaired in the purification of seawater grey mullet Active CN103803707B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210443880.0A CN103803707B (en) 2012-11-08 2012-11-08 Inland eutrophication freshwater method is repaired in the purification of seawater grey mullet

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210443880.0A CN103803707B (en) 2012-11-08 2012-11-08 Inland eutrophication freshwater method is repaired in the purification of seawater grey mullet

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103803707A true CN103803707A (en) 2014-05-21
CN103803707B CN103803707B (en) 2015-12-16

Family

ID=50701158

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201210443880.0A Active CN103803707B (en) 2012-11-08 2012-11-08 Inland eutrophication freshwater method is repaired in the purification of seawater grey mullet

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103803707B (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104355416A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-02-18 上海能正渔业科技开发有限公司 Algae-controlling and water-purifying biocenosis
CN104478088A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-01 上海能正渔业科技开发有限公司 Novel predatory relation with algae control and water purification effects
CN105884034A (en) * 2014-11-17 2016-08-24 上海能正渔业科技开发有限公司 Method for screening and verifying alga-control tool organisms

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102040282A (en) * 2009-10-16 2011-05-04 上海能正渔业科技开发有限公司 Alga control method for freshwater environment based on cultivation of barracudas and mullets

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102040282A (en) * 2009-10-16 2011-05-04 上海能正渔业科技开发有限公司 Alga control method for freshwater environment based on cultivation of barracudas and mullets

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105884034A (en) * 2014-11-17 2016-08-24 上海能正渔业科技开发有限公司 Method for screening and verifying alga-control tool organisms
CN105884034B (en) * 2014-11-17 2019-04-02 上海能正渔业科技开发有限公司 Control the screening verification method of algae tool biology
CN104355416A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-02-18 上海能正渔业科技开发有限公司 Algae-controlling and water-purifying biocenosis
CN104478088A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-01 上海能正渔业科技开发有限公司 Novel predatory relation with algae control and water purification effects

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103803707B (en) 2015-12-16

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN104803570B (en) Ecological restoration and purification method for landscape water environment
Feng et al. Development of mariculture and its impacts in Chinese coastal waters
US8133391B2 (en) Method of ecological restoration of water bodies containing excess nutrient
Fei Solving the coastal eutrophication problem by large scale seaweed cultivation
CN103214099B (en) Ecological restoration and purification method for water of lake and pool wet land
Avnimelech et al. Sustainable land-based aquaculture: rational utilization of water, land and feed resources
CN102040282B (en) Alga control method for freshwater environment based on cultivation of barracudas and mullets
CN104255632A (en) Totally-closed all-transparent intellectualized organic prawn ecological breeding device
CN103548737A (en) Low-carbon and environment-friendly fish-farming method
CN101531436B (en) Treatment method of wastewater anaerobic digestive fluid in pig farm
CN101591040B (en) Method for preventing and controlling water bloom pollution organisms in eutrophicated water body
CN102627355A (en) Biological chain constructing method suitable for improving water quality of shallow lake
CN105540855A (en) Combined biomanipulation method for water-area ecological restoration
CN101779595B (en) Method for implanting and cultivating Gracilaria bursa-pastoris in north pond
CN103739174A (en) Method for purifying eutrophic water body by using aquatic animals, plants and microorganisms
CN103803707B (en) Inland eutrophication freshwater method is repaired in the purification of seawater grey mullet
CN103782929A (en) Method for colonizing and releasing seawater mullets in public freshwater area
CN103803708B (en) Inland eutrophication freshwater method is repaired in the purification of seawater mullet
CN102084842B (en) Method for controlling algae in freshwater pond by cultivating mullets
CN107361010A (en) HUANGHE ESTUARY steamed crab culture-pool water quality regulation and control method based on beach saline land
CN102084843B (en) Method for controlling algae in freshwater pond by cultivating striped mullets
CN109133356B (en) Method for removing algae by using filter feeders
CN102211814A (en) Method for controlling algae in eutrophic freshwater body by cultivating Sinilabeo fishes
CN105236579A (en) Method for controlling the nutritional salt balance between lake sediment and water interface
CN109892232A (en) Aggregate species cultivating system and its application in scale animal and poultry cultivation treatment for cow manure

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model