CN103801264B - A kind of composite biomass filtering material - Google Patents

A kind of composite biomass filtering material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103801264B
CN103801264B CN201410066603.1A CN201410066603A CN103801264B CN 103801264 B CN103801264 B CN 103801264B CN 201410066603 A CN201410066603 A CN 201410066603A CN 103801264 B CN103801264 B CN 103801264B
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China
Prior art keywords
biomass
diatomite
biological particles
filtering
particles particle
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CN201410066603.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103801264A (en
Inventor
李苍海
孙仲原
许红
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泗洪新创源木业有限公司
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Priority to CN201410066603.1A priority Critical patent/CN103801264B/en
Publication of CN103801264A publication Critical patent/CN103801264A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of composite biomass filtering material, it is compressing obtained after being mixed by the homogenize material of following mass percentage: the biological particles particle of 70% ~ 80%, the diatomite of 20% ~ 30%.Biological material and natural mineral materials unite two into one by this case in a creative way, loose structure special in diatomite has extremely strong adsorption capacity, and the trace meter oxide contained in diatomite at high temperature can form colloid, increase stickiness and there is moisture-keeping functions; Biological material derives from life waste wood, cheaper starting materials is easy to get, environmentally safe, filtering material both natural environmental-protectives, with low cost of this case exploitation, there is again excellent absorption property, this product is recyclable is simultaneously used as boiler oil after simple process, considerably increases the economic and practical of this product.

Description

A kind of composite biomass filtering material
Technical field
The present invention relates to filter material field, particularly a kind of environment friendly and pollution-free composite biomass filtering material taking from natural material.
Background technology
At present, along with in world wide, aging population trend sharply rises, and the problems such as endowment, medical treatment become social hotspots topic.By the end of the end of the year 2013,15% of the super total number of people of Chinese aged's number.Along with population structure is tending towards aging, medical medicine field obtains flourish, new pharmaceutical plant is constantly set up, a large amount of new drug constantly goes on the market, but for the production of bulk drug, itself also belongs to a part for Chemical Manufacture, and it can produce a certain amount of production rubbish, the filtering material that such as Chemical Manufacture often uses: 200 ~ 400 object silica gel.Abandon often the post processing of this kind of material, and such material is due to its stable performance, absorption affinity is strong, not easily recycling.
Biomass energy is the environment friendly and pollution-free clean energy resource of a class.Nowadays, people are also few to the utilization of biomass energy, and in most cases, biomass energy only carries out burning to obtain certain heat energy as a kind of fuel by we.Available biomass energy mainly forestry " three surplus things " (wood machining residues, forest harvesting residue, producing material residue), various wooden leftover bits and pieces, wood wastes, agricultural crop straw and shrub etc.Living beings itself are also the natural material of a class containing microcellular structure, and it is also a kind of excellent filtering material simultaneously, and the porous in living beings or microcellular structure have higher adsorption capacity.How carry out maximized utilization to biomass energy is the very interested hot of people instantly always.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned some problem mentioned, this case develops a kind of composite biomass filtering material, biological material and natural mineral materials unite two into one by a creative way, filtering material both natural environmental-protectives of its exploitation, there is again excellent absorption property, this product is recyclable is simultaneously used as boiler oil after simple process, considerably increases the economic and practical of this product.
Technical scheme of the present invention is summarized as follows:
A kind of composite biomass filtering material, it is compressing obtained after being mixed by the homogenize material of following mass percentage:
Biological particles particle 70% ~ 80%;
Diatomite 20% ~ 30%;
Wherein, described biological particles particle is obtained by following methods: biomass material is dried to moisture content be 15wt% ~ 20wt% and the particle diameter being crushed to biomass material between 3mm ~ 5mm, to be dipped in benzinum 2 hours subsequently, take out and continue the oven dry of this biomass material to be less than 10wt% to moisture content, and the particle diameter being again crushed to biomass material is less than 1.5mm, obtain biological particles particle;
Described diatomite before mixing with described biological particles particle also through following process: diatomite is placed in benzinum and soaks 1 hour, take out subsequently and to be again dipped in absolute ethyl alcohol ultrasonic 10 minutes, finally taking out, dry.
Preferably, described composite biomass filtering material, described biomass material be selected from wooden leftover bits and pieces, wooden waste products, timber machining produce wood chip, wheat stalk, maize straw, broomcorn straw, cotton stem, rice straw, beans stalk, peanut shell or its combination.
Preferably, described composite biomass filtering material, reaction temperature time compressing is 80 ~ 120 DEG C.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: in a creative way biological material and natural mineral materials are united two into one, loose structure special in diatomite has extremely strong adsorption capacity, and the trace meter oxide contained in diatomite at high temperature can form colloid, increase stickiness and there is moisture-keeping functions; Biological material derives from life waste wood, cheaper starting materials is easy to get, environmentally safe, filtering material both natural environmental-protectives, with low cost of this case exploitation, there is again excellent absorption property, this product is recyclable is simultaneously used as boiler oil after simple process, considerably increases the economic and practical of this product.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, can implement according to this with reference to description word to make those skilled in the art.
A kind of composite biomass filtering material, it is compressing at 80 ~ 120 DEG C after being mixed by the homogenize material of following mass percentage: the biological particles particle of 70% ~ 80%, the diatomite of 20% ~ 30%;
Wherein, biological particles particle is obtained by following methods: biomass material is dried to moisture content be 15wt% ~ 20wt% and the particle diameter being crushed to biomass material between 3mm ~ 5mm, to be dipped in benzinum 2 hours subsequently, take out and continue the oven dry of this biomass material to be less than 10wt% to moisture content, and the particle diameter being again crushed to biomass material is less than 1.5mm, obtain biological particles particle; Oven temperature is at 90 ~ 110 DEG C.First time pulverizes because feed moisture content is high, pulverizes thorough, after again being dried by the particle after once pulverizing, effectively raw meal can be broken to required Particle size requirements.Being soaked in by particle in benzinum is to remove some natural colouring matters in particle and organic principle, to ensure that these compositions being soluble in organic solvent are not pulled away when filtering, thus ensure that the pure of filtrate mother liquor.
Biomass material be selected from wooden leftover bits and pieces, wooden waste products, timber machining produce wood chip, wheat stalk, maize straw, broomcorn straw, cotton stem, rice straw, beans stalk, peanut shell or its combination.
Diatomite before mixing with biological particles particle also through following process: diatomite is placed in benzinum and soaks 1 hour, take out subsequently and to be again dipped in absolute ethyl alcohol ultrasonic 10 minutes, finally taking out, dry.Diatomite is soaked in the reason of benzinum with biological particles particle, and within ultrasonic 10 minutes in absolute ethyl alcohol, is that the impurity being soluble in organic solvent owing to being adsorbed on its micropore surface in diatomite is too many, is only difficult to eliminate by immersion.
This product needs at high temperature compressing, containing lignin components in biological particles particle, its at high temperature tool be a bit sticky, and the trace meter oxide contained in diatomite at high temperature can form colloid, has stickiness and moisture-keeping functions.
This composite biomass filtering material uniform granularity, adsorption effect is remarkable, can be used for the filtration link of large quantities of secondary response in medication chemistry production; Reaching under identical filter effect, compared with 200 ~ 400 object silica gel, the consumption of this composite biomass filtering material is bigger, is approximately 1.5 ~ 2 times of silica gel.Used filtering material, through simply striking off, rinsing, can be used as the solid fuel of large-sized boiler after drying.
Although embodiment of the present invention are open as above, but it is not restricted to listed in description and embodiment utilization, it can be applied to various applicable the field of the invention completely, for those skilled in the art, can easily realize other amendment, therefore do not deviating under the universal that claim and equivalency range limit, the present invention is not limited to specific details.

Claims (1)

1. a composite biomass filtering material, is characterized in that, it is compressing obtained after being mixed by the homogenize material of following mass percentage:
Biological particles particle 70% ~ 80%;
Diatomite 20% ~ 30%;
Wherein, described biological particles particle is obtained by following methods: biomass material is dried to moisture content be 15wt% ~ 20wt% and the particle diameter being crushed to biomass material between 3mm ~ 5mm, to be dipped in benzinum 2 hours subsequently, take out and continue the oven dry of this biomass material to be less than 10wt% to moisture content, and the particle diameter being again crushed to biomass material is less than 1.5mm, obtain biological particles particle;
Described diatomite before mixing with described biological particles particle also through following process: diatomite is placed in benzinum and soaks 1 hour, take out subsequently and to be again dipped in absolute ethyl alcohol ultrasonic 10 minutes, finally taking out, dry;
Described biomass material be selected from wooden leftover bits and pieces, wooden waste products, timber machining produce wood chip, wheat stalk, maize straw, broomcorn straw, cotton stem, rice straw, beans stalk, peanut shell or its combination;
Reaction temperature time compressing is 80 ~ 120 DEG C.
CN201410066603.1A 2014-02-26 2014-02-26 A kind of composite biomass filtering material CN103801264B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410066603.1A CN103801264B (en) 2014-02-26 2014-02-26 A kind of composite biomass filtering material

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410066603.1A CN103801264B (en) 2014-02-26 2014-02-26 A kind of composite biomass filtering material

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CN103801264A CN103801264A (en) 2014-05-21
CN103801264B true CN103801264B (en) 2016-01-20

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Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105344324A (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-02-24 太仓碧奇新材料研发有限公司 Preparation method of soybean straw diatomite composite material for adsorbing bismuth ions in electroplating water
CN105316068A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-02-10 和县伊迈炭业有限责任公司 Health-type charcoal for indoor warming
CN105349212A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-02-24 和县伊迈炭业有限责任公司 Production method of machine-made charcoal
CN105385466A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-03-09 和县伊迈炭业有限责任公司 Preparation method of smoking and roasting charcoal for treating beriberi
CN105331418A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-02-17 和县伊迈炭业有限责任公司 Smoking wood charcoal for treating beriberi
CN105419895A (en) * 2015-11-02 2016-03-23 和县伊迈炭业有限责任公司 Production method of heating charcoal
CN106000332A (en) * 2016-05-05 2016-10-12 洛阳辰祥机械科技有限公司 Preparation method of composite biomass filter material

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