CN103798546B - Making and the using method that the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of river crab supported by Macrobrachium nipponensis cover is supported for main - Google Patents

Making and the using method that the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of river crab supported by Macrobrachium nipponensis cover is supported for main Download PDF

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CN103798546B
CN103798546B CN201410070700.8A CN201410070700A CN103798546B CN 103798546 B CN103798546 B CN 103798546B CN 201410070700 A CN201410070700 A CN 201410070700A CN 103798546 B CN103798546 B CN 103798546B
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fermentation
parts
food organisms
water
pond
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CN103798546A (en
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周鑫
徐增洪
水燕
沈怀舜
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Freshwater Fisheries Research Center of Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences
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Freshwater Fisheries Research Center of Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/60Fishing; Aquaculture; Aquafarming
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of for main making and using method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, the method is by throwing in the batch through probiotics fermention to pond, can construct by fermentation material in pond bottom after rotary tillage is " the food organisms bed " of main component, the fermentation material be somebody's turn to do in " food organisms bed " can directly be ingested for shrimp crab, manor can also be perched shrimp crab simultaneously and cultivate water outlet earthworm, chironomus larvas, the zoobenthos such as spiral shell and pasture and water and water plant are as the bait of Macrobrachium nipponensis and river crab, its flood competition can be reduced and perch the intensity of competing in manor, improve the survival rate that river crab supported by cover, be conducive to the raising of shrimp crab cultured output and benefit.For the end of guaranteeing in " food organisms bed " food organisms that dwell still can keep higher multiplication capacity in summer, the present invention adopts oxygen cylinder and the dual oxygen supply of micro-pore oxygenation machine, and oxygen cylinder and micro-pore oxygenation pipe are connected, summer time opening stage by stage every night.

Description

Making and the using method that the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of river crab supported by Macrobrachium nipponensis cover is supported for main
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of material thrown in pond through probiotics fermention process, and make that the batch after fermentation is river crab, Macrobrachium nipponensis and benthon utilized, the shrimp crab cover breeding method that simultaneously water plant can be promoted again to breed, especially a kind of natural bait by the raw material of cheapness and discarded object being converted into high-quality carries out culture of Chinese mitten crab and the method for the foster Macrobrachium nipponensis of cover.
Background technology
Improve Macrobrachium nipponensis cultured output to have great importance to the income increasing shrimp agriculture, and the common measure of increasing production and improying productivity is: the breeding density 1. improving Macrobrachium nipponensis, the breeding density of unit are is made to be increased to 10-15 ten thousand tails/mu from 5-8 ten thousand tails/mu, the method can improve cultured output, but Macrobrachium nipponensis seed cost doubles above, and the commercial sized prawn average size formed under high-density breeding condition is less than normal, selling price is lower, and the effect of therefore synergy is not remarkable; 2. increase the crude protein content in man-made feeds, make the crude protein in feed be increased to more than 40% from 28%-32%.Can accelerate the speed of growth of Macrobrachium nipponensis although increase percent protein, the price of high protein feed is higher, and aquaculture cost significantly increases; 3. increase man-made feeds or the feeding volume of small fish, to increase the nutrition intake amount of Macrobrachium nipponensis, but excessive throwing something and feeding must cause the increase of waste and feeding cost, and easily diseases induced; 4. put large gauge shrimp seedling in a suitable place to breed, make the stocking size of shrimp seedling increase to 1000 tails/kg from 3000-5000 tail/kg, to form the commercial sized prawn compared with large gauge, the added value of shrimp is improved; 5. cultivate natural bait or the part feed source of low value discarded object as Macrobrachium nipponensis of throwing something and feeding by fertilising, although the method cost is lower, can pollute water body.
In Macrobrachium nipponensis culturing pool, river crab supported by cover can increase extra returns, but the river crab that cover is supported is close with Macrobrachium nipponensis in feeding habits and life habit, food and the competition of perching manor are unfavorable for that the raising of benefit supported by river crab survival rate and cover, therefore, reduce competing food earthquake intensity, solve cover and support the survival rate problem of river crab and become shrimp agriculture and can obtain key point compared with high yield.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of and support for main making and the using method that the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of river crab supported by Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, material by fermentation is directly used as the food of shrimp crab, and has and cultivate the end and to dwell food organisms and promote the function of pasture and water growth.
According to technical scheme provided by the invention, a kind of for main fermentation materials of supporting the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, feature is, comprise following component, component ratio by mass number meter: wheat bran: 1 ~ 30 part, corncob: 1 ~ 35 part, zeolite powder: 1 ~ 15 part, chicken manure: 20 ~ 80 parts, pig manure: 10 ~ 30 parts, cow dung: 10 ~ 30 parts, calcium superphosphate: 0.1 ~ 1 part, potassium sulfate: 0.1 ~ 1 part, sugar is close: 0.1 ~ 1 part, urea: 0.1 ~ 1 part, fulvic acid: 0.1 ~ 1 part, humic acid: 0.1 ~ 1 part, EM bacterium liquid: 0.1 ~ 1 part, water: 10 ~ 40 parts,
Wheat bran, corncob, zeolite powder, chicken manure, pig manure, cow dung, calcium superphosphate, potassium sulfate, sugar close, urea, fulvic acid, humic acid, EM bacterium liquid and moisture are mixed Hou Duigao, cover plastic sheeting to ferment, obtain the fermentation materials of described food organisms bed.
Described food organisms bed covers pond bottom after being mixed with pond sediments by fermentation materials and as Macrobrachium nipponensis, river crab, benthic bait and can provide the region of source of nutrition for pasture and water.
Described for main preparation method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, feature is, adopt following processing step, component ratio by mass number meter: by 1 ~ 30 part, wheat bran, corncob 1 ~ 35 part, zeolite powder 1 ~ 15 part, chicken manure 20 ~ 80 parts, pig manure 10 ~ 30 parts, cow dung 10 ~ 30 parts, calcium superphosphate 0.1 ~ 1 part, potassium sulfate 0.1 ~ 1 part, close 0.1 ~ 1 part of sugar, 0.1 ~ 1 part, urea, fulvic acid 0.1 ~ 1 part, humic acid 0.1 ~ 1 part, it is high 0.2 ~ 2.0 meter that EM bacterium liquid 0.1 ~ 1 part and 10 ~ 40 parts, water mix rear heap, cover plastic sheeting to ferment, fermentation temperature is 20 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C, fermentation time is 10 ~ 60 days, material moisture after fermentation is reduced to 15% ~ 20%, obtains the fermentation materials of described food organisms bed.
The method that material moisture after described fermentation reduces is: the material after fermentation to be placed under sunlight airing 6 ~ 12 hours, or with the commercially available prosperous board drying machine drying that shakes, bake out temperature is 40 DEG C ~ 60 DEG C.
Described for main using method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, it is levied and is, adopts following methods:
(1) beat dry Chi Shui, clean up the pond with quick lime, quick lime consumption is 75 ~ 150,000 grams/acre;
(2), after pond bottom being tanned by the sun 20 ~ 30 days under sunlight, throw in the fermentation materials of food organisms bed in pond February in November then to next year, injected volume is 100 ~ 3,500,000 grams/acre; Adopt in the bed mud of agricultural rotary tiller rotary tillage to 5 ~ 8 centimetre, form food organisms bed in pond bottom;
(3) inject in pond through the filtered river 8 ~ 35 centimetres of 60 mesh sieve thin,tough silk, plant pasture and water after 7 days, pasture and water coverage rate is 60% ~ 90%.
In described step (3), the kind of pasture and water is waterweed and hydrilla verticillata.
Adopt oxygen cylinder and the dual oxygen supply of micro-pore oxygenation machine during cultivation, the power configuration of aerator is 0.15 ~ 0.2kW/ mu; Oxygen cylinder is connected with micro-pore oxygenation pipe, and summer is interval 0.5 ~ 4h time opening aerator every night, and oxygen cylinder distributes oxygen by microporous pipe to water body, each 1 ~ 10min, makes the dissolved oxygen amount of water body remain at more than 4mg/L.
In described pond, the aquatic end, dwells that food organisms are water earthworm, chironomus larvas, sieve are foretold in spiral shell, Bellamya sp or yellow a species of small clam living in fresh water one or more.
Tool of the present invention has the following advantages: 1, the material of low value can be converted into the fermentation batch of absorption easy to digest after probiotics fermention, directly can ingest, be conducive to its shell and growth for shrimp crab; 2, be that " the food organisms bed " of main component is positioned at pond bottom with fermentation material, the bait of a large amount of benthon as shrimp crab can be cultivated, the flood competition between shrimp crab can be reduced and perch the intensity of manor competition; 3, the fermentation material in " food organisms bed " is made after probiotics fermention, is wherein rich in the probio of water quality purification function, can purifying water body, the ecological environment of improvement at the bottom of pond; 4, the nutriment in " food organisms bed " can be absorbed by pasture and water, is conducive to the quick growth of pasture and water, and rich pasture and water not only as the vegetal bait of river crab, but also can be conducive to the stable of breeding ecological; 5, adopt the method for oxygen cylinder and the dual oxygen supply of micro-pore oxygenation machine that the dissolved oxygen amount of water body can be made to improve 2-5 doubly, not only can avoid shrimp crab and benthon, in summer, anoxic occurs, and can extend the end and dwell exponential phase of growth of food organisms, thus improve its biomass; 6, dual oxygen supply can improve water body dissolved oxygen amount fast, and the aerator opening time shortens more than 90% than mechanical enhancement, is conducive to saving electric energy; 7, non-harmful organic commodity crab can be produced, improve value-added content of product and the market competitiveness, improve output and benefit; 8, aquaculture cost can be reduced and reduce cultivation risk.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the invention will be further described.
EM bacterium liquid used in the present invention is compound probiotic, wherein includes photosynthetic bacteria, bacillus subtilis, actinomyces, little bacterium, saccharomycete and Bacillus acidi lactici etc.; The EM bacterium liquid adopted in the embodiment of the present invention is existing commercially available conventional products, is not specifically limited, as adopted commercially available aquatic products EM bacterium liquid.
Embodiment one: a kind of for main preparation method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, adopt following processing step, component ratio by mass number meter: by 1 part, wheat bran, corncob 1 part, zeolite powder 1 part, chicken manure 30 parts, pig manure 20 parts, cow dung 15 parts, calcium superphosphate 0.2 part, potassium sulfate 0.1 part, close 0.1 part of sugar, 0.1 part, urea, fulvic acid 0.1 part, humic acid 0.1 part, it is high 1.0 meters that EM bacterium liquid 0.1 part and 31 parts, water mix rear heap, cover plastic sheeting to ferment, fermentation temperature is 25 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C, fermentation time is 30 days, material after fermentation to be placed under sunlight airing 8 hours, to make the material moisture after fermentation be reduced to 15%, obtain the fermentation materials of described food organisms bed, pack by 50 kilograms of weight with Polywoven Bag.
Described for main using method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, adopt following methods:
(1) beat dry Chi Shui, clean up the pond with quick lime, quick lime consumption is 75,000 grams/acre;
(2), after pond bottom being tanned by the sun 30 days under sunlight, throw in the fermentation materials of food organisms bed in pond December then, injected volume is 600,000 grams/acre; Adopt in the bed mud of agricultural rotary tiller rotary tillage to 5 centimetre;
(3) inject in pond through the filtered river 20 centimetres of 60 mesh sieve thin,tough silk, plant pasture and water (waterweed and hydrilla verticillata) after 7 days, pasture and water coverage rate is 60%;
(4) oxygen cylinder and the dual oxygenation of micro-pore oxygenation machine is adopted during cultivation, power configuration is 0.2 kilowatt/mu, aerator in summer at interval of 0.5 ~ 4 hour time opening, oxygen cylinder distributes oxygen by microporous pipe to water body simultaneously, each 1 ~ 10 minute, the dissolved oxygen amount of water body is made to remain at more than 4mg/L;
(5) in pond, aquatic benthon is mainly water earthworm, chironomus larvas, sieve fore-telling spiral shell, Bellamya sp and yellow a species of small clam living in fresh water etc.
Embodiment two: a kind of for main preparation method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, adopt following processing step, component ratio by mass number meter: by 2 parts, wheat bran, corncob 15 parts, zeolite powder 10 parts, chicken manure 30 parts, pig manure 10 parts, cow dung 10 parts, calcium superphosphate 0.3 part, potassium sulfate 0.1 part, close 0.1 part of sugar, 0.1 part, urea, fulvic acid 0.1 part, humic acid 0.1 part, it is high 1.0 meters that EM bacterium liquid 0.2 part and 22 parts, water mix rear heap, cover plastic sheeting to ferment, fermentation temperature is 25 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C, fermentation time is 30 days, material after fermentation to be placed under sunlight airing 8 hours, to make the material moisture after fermentation be reduced to 15%, obtain the fermentation materials of described food organisms bed, pack by 50 kilograms of weight with Polywoven Bag.
Described for main using method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, adopt following methods:
(1) beat dry Chi Shui, clean up the pond with quick lime, quick lime consumption is 75,000 grams/acre;
(2), after pond bottom being tanned by the sun 30 days under sunlight, throw in the fermentation materials of food organisms bed in pond December then, injected volume is 500,000 grams/acre; Adopt in the bed mud of agricultural rotary tiller rotary tillage to 5 centimetre;
(3) inject in pond through the filtered river 20 centimetres of 60 mesh sieve thin,tough silk, plant pasture and water (waterweed and hydrilla verticillata) after 7 days, pasture and water coverage rate is 70%;
(4) oxygen cylinder and the dual oxygenation of micro-pore oxygenation machine is adopted during cultivation, power configuration is 0.2 kilowatt/mu, aerator in summer at interval of 0.5 ~ 4 hour time opening, oxygen cylinder distributes oxygen by microporous pipe to water body simultaneously, each 1 ~ 10 minute, the dissolved oxygen amount of water body is made to remain at more than 4mg/L;
(5) in pond, aquatic benthon is mainly water earthworm, chironomus larvas, sieve fore-telling spiral shell, Bellamya sp and yellow a species of small clam living in fresh water etc.
Embodiment three: a kind of for main preparation method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, adopt following processing step, component ratio by mass number meter: by 1 part, wheat bran, corncob 5 parts, zeolite powder 5 parts, chicken manure 30 parts, pig manure 20 parts, cow dung 20 parts, calcium superphosphate 0.4 part, potassium sulfate 0.1 part, close 0.1 part of sugar, 0.1 part, urea, fulvic acid 0.1 part, humic acid 0.1 part, it is high 1.0 meters that EM bacterium liquid 0.1 part and 18 parts, water mix rear heap, cover plastic sheeting to ferment, fermentation temperature is 25 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C, fermentation time is 30 days, material after fermentation to be placed under sunlight airing 8 hours, to make the material moisture after fermentation be reduced to 15%, obtain the fermentation materials of described food organisms bed, pack by 25 kilograms of weight with Polywoven Bag.
Described for main using method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, adopt following methods:
(1) beat dry Chi Shui, clean up the pond with quick lime, quick lime consumption is double centner/mu;
(2), after pond bottom being tanned by the sun 20 days under sunlight, throw in the fermentation materials of food organisms bed in pond December then, injected volume is 1,000 thousand grams/acre; Adopt in the bed mud of agricultural rotary tiller rotary tillage to 8 centimetre;
(3) inject in pond through the filtered river 20 centimetres of 60 mesh sieve thin,tough silk, plant pasture and water (waterweed and hydrilla verticillata) after 7 days, pasture and water coverage rate is 80%;
(4) oxygen cylinder and the dual oxygenation of micro-pore oxygenation machine is adopted during cultivation, power configuration is 0.2 kilowatt/mu, aerator in summer at interval of 0.5 ~ 4 hour time opening, oxygen cylinder distributes oxygen by microporous pipe to water body simultaneously, each 1 ~ 10 minute, the dissolved oxygen amount of water body is made to remain at more than 4mg/L;
(5) in pond, aquatic benthon is mainly water earthworm, chironomus larvas, sieve fore-telling spiral shell, Bellamya sp and yellow a species of small clam living in fresh water etc.
Embodiment four: a kind of for main preparation method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, adopt following processing step, component ratio by mass number meter: by 1 part, wheat bran, corncob 10 parts, zeolite powder 10 parts, chicken manure 35 parts, pig manure 10 parts, cow dung 10 parts, calcium superphosphate 0.3 part, potassium sulfate 0.1 part, close 0.1 part of sugar, 0.2 part, urea, fulvic acid 0.1 part, humic acid 0.1 part, it is high 1.0 meters that EM bacterium liquid 0.1 part and 23 parts, water mix rear heap, cover plastic sheeting to ferment, fermentation temperature is 25 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C, fermentation time is 30 days, material after fermentation to be placed under sunlight airing 6 hours, to make the material moisture after fermentation be reduced to 20%, obtain the fermentation materials of described food organisms bed, pack by 25 kilograms of weight with Polywoven Bag.
Described for main using method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, adopt following methods:
(1) beat dry Chi Shui, clean up the pond with quick lime, quick lime consumption is 80,000 grams/acre;
(2) after pond bottom being tanned by the sun 30 days under sunlight, in then November food organisms bed fermentation materials throw in in pond, injected volume is 1,200 thousand grams/acre; Adopt in the bed mud of agricultural rotary tiller rotary tillage to 8 centimetre;
(3) inject in pond through the filtered river 20 centimetres of 60 mesh sieve thin,tough silk, plant pasture and water (waterweed and hydrilla verticillata) after 7 days, pasture and water coverage rate is 90%;
(4) oxygen cylinder and the dual oxygenation of micro-pore oxygenation machine is adopted during cultivation, power configuration is 0.2 kilowatt/mu, aerator in summer at interval of 0.5 ~ 4 hour time opening, oxygen cylinder distributes oxygen by microporous pipe to water body simultaneously, each 1 ~ 10 minute, the dissolved oxygen amount of water body is made to remain at more than 4mg/L;
(5) in pond, aquatic benthon is mainly water earthworm, chironomus larvas, sieve fore-telling spiral shell, Bellamya sp and yellow a species of small clam living in fresh water etc.
Embodiment five: a kind of for main preparation method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, adopt following processing step, component ratio by mass number meter: by 1 part, wheat bran, corncob 25 parts, zeolite powder 1 part, chicken manure 20 parts, pig manure 10 parts, cow dung 10 parts, calcium superphosphate 0.1 part, potassium sulfate 0.2 part, close 0.2 part of sugar, 0.2 part, urea, fulvic acid 0.1 part, humic acid 0.1 part, it is high 1.0 meters that EM bacterium liquid 0.1 part and 32 parts, water mix rear heap, cover plastic sheeting to ferment, fermentation temperature is 30 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C, fermentation time is 30 days, material after fermentation to be placed under sunlight airing 6 hours, to make the material moisture after fermentation be reduced to 20%, obtain the fermentation materials of described food organisms bed, pack by 50 kilograms of weight with Polywoven Bag.
Described for main using method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, adopt following methods:
(1) beat dry Chi Shui, clean up the pond with quick lime, quick lime consumption is 80,000 grams/acre;
(2), after pond bottom being tanned by the sun 30 days under sunlight, throw in the fermentation materials of food organisms bed in pond November then, injected volume is 800,000 grams/acre; Adopt in the bed mud of agricultural rotary tiller rotary tillage to 5 centimetre;
(3) inject in pond through the filtered river 20 centimetres of 60 mesh sieve thin,tough silk, plant pasture and water (waterweed and hydrilla verticillata) after 7 days, pasture and water coverage rate is 60%;
(4) oxygen cylinder and the dual oxygenation of micro-pore oxygenation machine is adopted during cultivation, power configuration is 0.2 kilowatt/mu, aerator in summer at interval of 0.5 ~ 4 hour time opening, oxygen cylinder distributes oxygen by microporous pipe to water body simultaneously, each 1 ~ 10 minute, the dissolved oxygen amount of water body is made to remain at more than 4mg/L;
(5) in pond, aquatic benthon is mainly water earthworm, chironomus larvas, sieve fore-telling spiral shell, Bellamya sp and yellow a species of small clam living in fresh water etc.
Embodiment six: a kind of for main preparation method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, adopt following processing step, component ratio by mass number meter: by 1 part, wheat bran, corncob 10 parts, zeolite powder 5 parts, chicken manure 30 parts, pig manure 25 parts, cow dung 10 parts, calcium superphosphate 0.2 part, potassium sulfate 0.2 part, close 0.2 part of sugar, 0.1 part, urea, fulvic acid 0.1 part, humic acid 0.1 part, it is high 1.0 meters that EM bacterium liquid 0.1 part and 18 parts, water mix rear heap, cover plastic sheeting to ferment, fermentation temperature is 30 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C, fermentation time is 25 days, material after fermentation to be placed under sunlight airing 8 hours, to make the material moisture after fermentation be reduced to 15%, obtain the fermentation materials of described food organisms bed, pack by 50 kilograms of weight with Polywoven Bag.
Described for main using method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, adopt following methods:
(1) beat dry Chi Shui, clean up the pond with quick lime, quick lime consumption is double centner/mu;
(2), after pond bottom being tanned by the sun 30 days under sunlight, throw in the fermentation materials of food organisms bed in pond November then, injected volume is 1,000 thousand grams/acre; Adopt in the bed mud of agricultural rotary tiller rotary tillage to 8 centimetre;
(3) inject in pond through the filtered river 20 centimetres of 60 mesh sieve thin,tough silk, plant pasture and water (waterweed and hydrilla verticillata) after 7 days, pasture and water coverage rate is 70%;
(4) oxygen cylinder and the dual oxygenation of micro-pore oxygenation machine is adopted during cultivation, power configuration is 0.2 kilowatt/mu, aerator in summer at interval of 0.5 ~ 4 hour time opening, oxygen cylinder distributes oxygen by microporous pipe to water body simultaneously, each 1 ~ 10 minute, the dissolved oxygen amount of water body is made to remain at more than 4mg/L;
(5) in pond, aquatic benthon is mainly water earthworm, chironomus larvas, sieve fore-telling spiral shell, Bellamya sp and yellow a species of small clam living in fresh water etc.
Embodiment seven: a kind of for main preparation method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, adopt following processing step, component ratio by mass number meter: by 1 part, wheat bran, corncob 10 parts, zeolite powder 1 part, chicken manure 20 parts, pig manure 20 parts, cow dung 20 parts, calcium superphosphate 0.2 part, potassium sulfate 0.1 part, close 0.1 part of sugar, 0.2 part, urea, fulvic acid 0.1 part, humic acid 0.2 part, it is high 1.2 meters that EM bacterium liquid 0.1 part and 27 parts, water mix rear heap, cover plastic sheeting to ferment, fermentation temperature is 30 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C, fermentation time is 20 days, material after fermentation to be placed under sunlight airing 8 hours, to make the material moisture after fermentation be reduced to 15%, obtain the fermentation materials of described food organisms bed, pack by 50 kilograms of weight with Polywoven Bag.
Described for main using method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, adopt following methods:
(1) beat dry Chi Shui, clean up the pond with quick lime, quick lime consumption is 75,000 grams/acre;
(2), after pond bottom being tanned by the sun 30 days under sunlight, throw in the fermentation materials of food organisms bed in pond December then, injected volume is 600,000 grams/acre; Adopt in the bed mud of agricultural rotary tiller rotary tillage to 5 centimetre;
(3) inject in pond through the filtered river 20 centimetres of 60 mesh sieve thin,tough silk, plant pasture and water (waterweed and hydrilla verticillata) after 7 days, pasture and water coverage rate is 80%;
(4) oxygen cylinder and the dual oxygenation of micro-pore oxygenation machine is adopted during cultivation, power configuration is 0.2 kilowatt/mu, aerator in summer at interval of 0.5 ~ 4 hour time opening, oxygen cylinder distributes oxygen by microporous pipe to water body simultaneously, each 1 ~ 10 minute, the dissolved oxygen amount of water body is made to remain at more than 4mg/L;
(5) in pond, aquatic benthon is mainly water earthworm, chironomus larvas, sieve fore-telling spiral shell, Bellamya sp and yellow a species of small clam living in fresh water etc.
Embodiment eight: a kind of for main preparation method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, adopt following processing step, component ratio by mass number meter: by 1 part, wheat bran, corncob 1 part, zeolite powder 1 part, chicken manure 20 parts, pig manure 10 parts, cow dung 10 parts, calcium superphosphate 0.1 part, potassium sulfate 0.1 part, close 0.1 part of sugar, 0.1 part, urea, fulvic acid 0.1 part, humic acid 0.1 part, it is high 0.2 meter that EM bacterium liquid 0.1 part and 10 parts, water mix rear heap, cover plastic sheeting to ferment, fermentation temperature is 20 DEG C ~ 25 DEG C, fermentation time is 60 days, material after fermentation to be placed under sunlight airing 6 hours, to make the material moisture after fermentation be reduced to 20%, obtain the fermentation materials of described food organisms bed, pack by 50 kilograms of weight with Polywoven Bag.
Described for main using method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, adopt following methods:
(1) beat dry Chi Shui, clean up the pond with quick lime, quick lime consumption is 75,000 grams/acre;
(2), after pond bottom being tanned by the sun 20 days under sunlight, throw in the fermentation materials of food organisms bed in pond November then, injected volume is double centner/mu; Adopt in the bed mud of agricultural rotary tiller rotary tillage to 5 centimetre;
(3) inject in pond through the filtered river 8 centimetres of 60 mesh sieve thin,tough silk, plant pasture and water (waterweed and hydrilla verticillata) after 7 days, pasture and water coverage rate is 60%;
(4) oxygen cylinder and the dual oxygenation of micro-pore oxygenation machine is adopted during cultivation, power configuration is 0.2 kilowatt/mu, aerator in summer at interval of 0.5 ~ 4 hour time opening, oxygen cylinder distributes oxygen by microporous pipe to water body simultaneously, each 1 ~ 10 minute, the dissolved oxygen amount of water body is made to remain at more than 4mg/L;
(5) in pond, aquatic benthon is mainly water earthworm, chironomus larvas, sieve fore-telling spiral shell, Bellamya sp and yellow a species of small clam living in fresh water etc.
Embodiment nine: a kind of for main preparation method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, adopt following processing step, component ratio by mass number meter: 30 parts, wheat bran, corncob 35 parts, zeolite powder 15 parts, chicken manure 80 parts, pig manure 30 parts, cow dung 30 parts, calcium superphosphate 1 part, potassium sulfate 1 part, close 1 part of sugar, 1 part, urea, fulvic acid 1 part, humic acid 1 part, EM bacterium liquid 1 part and 40 parts, water are mixed rear heap high 2.0 meters, cover plastic sheeting to ferment, fermentation temperature is 30 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C, and fermentation time is 10 days; Material after fermentation to be placed under sunlight airing 12 hours, to make the material moisture after fermentation be reduced to 15%, obtain the fermentation materials of described food organisms bed; Pack by 50 kilograms of weight with Polywoven Bag.
Described for main using method of supporting the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of the foster river crab of Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, adopt following methods:
(1) beat dry Chi Shui, clean up the pond with quick lime, quick lime consumption is 150,000 grams/acre;
(2), after pond bottom being tanned by the sun 30 days under sunlight, throw in the fermentation materials of food organisms bed in pond December then, injected volume is 3,500 thousand grams/acre; Adopt in the bed mud of agricultural rotary tiller rotary tillage to 8 centimetre;
(3) inject in pond through the filtered river 35 centimetres of 60 mesh sieve thin,tough silk, plant pasture and water (waterweed and hydrilla verticillata) after 7 days, pasture and water coverage rate is 90%;
(4) oxygen cylinder and the dual oxygenation of micro-pore oxygenation machine is adopted during cultivation, power configuration is 0.2 kilowatt/mu, aerator in summer at interval of 0.5 ~ 4 hour time opening, oxygen cylinder distributes oxygen by microporous pipe to water body simultaneously, each 1 ~ 10 minute, the dissolved oxygen amount of water body is made to remain at more than 4mg/L;
(5) in pond, aquatic benthon is mainly water earthworm, chironomus larvas, sieve fore-telling spiral shell, Bellamya sp and yellow a species of small clam living in fresh water etc.
The present invention is by throwing in the batch through probiotics fermention to pond, can construct by fermentation material in pond bottom after rotary tillage is " the food organisms bed " of main component, the fermentation material be somebody's turn to do in " food organisms bed " can directly be ingested for shrimp crab, simultaneously can also perch manor shrimp crab and cultivate the zoobenthos such as water outlet earthworm, chironomus larvas, spiral shell and pasture and water and the water plant bait as Macrobrachium nipponensis and river crab, its flood competition can be reduced and perch the intensity of competing in manor, improve the survival rate that river crab supported by cover.For the end of guaranteeing in " food organisms bed " food organisms that dwell still can keep higher multiplication capacity in summer, the present invention adopts oxygen cylinder and the dual oxygen supply of micro-pore oxygenation machine, oxygen cylinder and micro-pore oxygenation pipe are connected, summer time opening stage by stage every night, each 1-10 minute, can make the dissolved oxygen amount of water body remain at more than 4mg/L.The food organisms that dwell can provide extra source of nutrition for the growth of shrimp crab at the end, are conducive to the raising of shrimp crab cultured output and benefit.

Claims (1)

1. support for main the preparation method that the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of river crab supported by Macrobrachium nipponensis cover, it is characterized in that, adopt following processing step, component ratio by mass number meter:
Comprise following component: wheat bran: 1 ~ 30 part, corncob: 1 ~ 35 part, zeolite powder: 1 ~ 15 part, chicken manure: 20 ~ 80 parts, pig manure: 10 ~ 30 parts, cow dung: 10 ~ 30 parts, calcium superphosphate: 0.1 ~ 1 part, potassium sulfate: 0.1 ~ 1 part, molasses: 0.1 ~ 1 part, urea: 0.1 ~ 1 part, fulvic acid: 0.1 ~ 1 part, humic acid: 0.1 ~ 1 part, EM bacterium liquid: 0.1 ~ 1 part, water: 10 ~ 40 parts;
1 ~ 30 part, wheat bran, corncob 1 ~ 35 part, zeolite powder 1 ~ 15 part, chicken manure 20 ~ 80 parts, pig manure 10 ~ 30 parts, cow dung 10 ~ 30 parts, calcium superphosphate 0.1 ~ 1 part, potassium sulfate 0.1 ~ 1 part, 0.1 ~ 1 part, molasses, 0.1 ~ 1 part, urea, fulvic acid 0.1 ~ 1 part, humic acid 0.1 ~ 1 part, EM bacterium liquid 0.1 ~ 1 part and 10 ~ 40 parts, water are mixed rear heap high 0.2 ~ 2.0 meter, cover plastic sheeting to ferment, fermentation temperature is 20 DEG C ~ 35 DEG C, and fermentation time is 10 ~ 60 days; Material moisture after fermentation is reduced to 15% ~ 20%, obtains the fermentation materials of described food organisms bed;
The method that material moisture after described fermentation reduces is: the material after fermentation to be placed under sunlight airing 6 ~ 12 hours, or to Tumble Dry, bake out temperature is 40 DEG C ~ 60 DEG C.
CN201410070700.8A 2014-02-28 2014-02-28 Making and the using method that the fermentation materials of the food organisms bed of river crab supported by Macrobrachium nipponensis cover is supported for main Expired - Fee Related CN103798546B (en)

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