CN103798506B - Nuisanceless Tiny ecosystem swamp eel mixed feed being applicable to into eel and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Nuisanceless Tiny ecosystem swamp eel mixed feed being applicable to into eel and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103798506B
CN103798506B CN201410070926.8A CN201410070926A CN103798506B CN 103798506 B CN103798506 B CN 103798506B CN 201410070926 A CN201410070926 A CN 201410070926A CN 103798506 B CN103798506 B CN 103798506B
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eel
aquatic products
applicable
raw
nuisanceless
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CN201410070926.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103798506A (en
Inventor
郑强
周秋白
徐奇友
胡鲲
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江苏福瑞水产养殖有限公司
连云港市金陵饲料有限公司
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Priority to CN201410070926.8A priority Critical patent/CN103798506B/en
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Abstract

The present invention is a kind of nuisanceless Tiny ecosystem swamp eel mixed feed being applicable to into eel and preparation method thereof, and it is made up of following raw material: fish meal, wheat, dregs of beans, expanded soybean, fish oil, globulin powder, phosphatide oil, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 50% Choline Chloride, 35%Vc phosphate, aquatic products special enzyme preparation, the fruit of glossy privet, aquatic products probiotics, alepidote compound premix special.The present invention is by strict raw material screening and rational formula Design, and it is with strong points, and the cultivation being specially adapted to into eel is thrown something and fed; balanced in nutrition, comprehensive, attractant is good, enhances into the immunity of eel, premunition; can greatly improve the limited speed of growth, and improve feed conversion rate, improve water quality; protect to greatest extent in preparation process simultaneously nutriment not destroy by high temperature; and product cost is low, efficiency is high, steady quality; storage is convenient, has no adverse reaction.

Description

Nuisanceless Tiny ecosystem swamp eel mixed feed being applicable to into eel and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of aquaculture feed, particularly a kind of nuisanceless Tiny ecosystem swamp eel mixed feed being applicable to into eel, also relates to the preparation method of above-mentioned feed.
Background technology
Swamp eel is a kind of without squama aquatic animal, and feeding cycle is long, and slowly, because propagating density artificially greatly, change of water quality, often disease occurs the speed of growth.Find through market survey, most cultivation, family pig blood, mussel meat, the swamp eels of feeding such as small fish shrimp, this feed mode not comprehensive nutrition, feed conversion rate is low, add water quality deterioration degree, cause swamp eel through regular incidence, the speed of growth is slow, cost of feeding is high, to such an extent as to the economic benefit of grievous injury raiser.
In recent years, China waterman author has carried out large-scale popularization and has used swamp eel mixed feed, have also been made the experiment of a large amount of feed conversion rates, make great progress, but, due to the breeding situations of different regions, water quality condition and different to geographic climate, its applicability is not strong.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is for the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of reasonable recipe, trophism comprehensive, attractant is good, improve water quality, the nuisanceless Tiny ecosystem swamp eel mixed feed being applicable to into eel of can significantly improve the speed of growth, improving food conversion ratio.
Another technical problem to be solved by this invention there is provided the preparation method of above-mentioned ricefield el fodder.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is realized by following technical scheme, and the present invention is a kind of nuisanceless Tiny ecosystem swamp eel mixed feed being applicable to into eel, and be characterized in, it is made up of the raw material of following weight proportion:
Fish meal 8-18; Wheat 10-20;
Dregs of beans 45-65; Expanded soybean 4-10;
Fish oil 1-2; Globulin powder 1-3;
Phosphatide oil 1-2; Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1.4-1.8;
50% Choline Chloride 0.1-0.3; 35%Vc phosphoesterase 30 .05-0.1;
Aquatic products special enzyme preparation 0.05-0.1; Fruit of glossy privet 1-2;
Aquatic products probiotics 0.01-0.02;
Alepidote compound premix special 1.0.
Above-described the present invention is applicable in the nuisanceless Tiny ecosystem swamp eel mixed feed technical scheme of eel: described alepidote compound premix special is the premix that any one commercially available in prior art is applicable to culture of swamp eel.Such as Business Name is: Wuxi Hanove Animal Health Products Co., Ltd., and phone is 0510-88205555, the commodity that company produces 1% alepidote compound premix by name.
Aquatic products special enzyme preparation is the special enzyme preparation that any one commercially available in prior art is applicable to culture of swamp eel.Such as Business Name is: Ningxia Sunson Industrial Group Co., Ltd., and address is: No. 15, east, North 4th Ring Road, district, Anhuili, Chaoyang District, Beijing City four, and phone: 010-52905895, the commodity that the said firm produces are called SFF-091 aquatic products special composite enzyme.
Aquatic products probiotics of the present invention can improve efficiency of feed utilization, improves the performance of culture of swamp eel water body, suppresses the harmful bacteria in water body, decomposes the harmful substance such as nitrite, biogenic amine; Improve swamp eel self resistance against diseases and anti-stress ability, keep the general level of the health of swamp eel.
Aquatic products probiotics of the present invention is the probiotics that any one commercially available in prior art is applicable to culture of swamp eel.Such as Business Name is: Beijing Hao Shiwo Bioisystech Co., Ltd, address is: Zhong Kun mansion 903, No. 59, Gaoliangqiaoxie Street ,Haidian District ,Beijing City, phone is 010-62681585, and the high temperature resistant bag that this company produces is by lactic acid bacteria, and commodity are called aquatic products probiotics S211-200.
Above-described the present invention is applicable in the nuisanceless Tiny ecosystem swamp eel mixed feed technical scheme of eel: protein quality content >=64% of described fish meal; Protein quality content >=46% of described dregs of beans; Protein quality content >=90% of described globulin powder.
" becoming eel " be applicable in the nuisanceless Tiny ecosystem swamp eel mixed feed of eel of the present invention refers to that Finless Eel Monopterus Albus is great in that stage of 100 grams/fish.
The invention also discloses a kind of preparation method of feed as described in above scheme, be characterized in, its step is as follows:
(1) wheat, dregs of beans, expanded soybean, the fruit of glossy privet be ground into the fine powder of 0.8-1.2mm is proportionally taken, then by even to fish meal, globulin powder, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 50% Choline Chloride, 35% Vc phosphate, aquatic products special enzyme preparation, aquatic products probiotics, alepidote compound premix special and aforementioned fine powder raw material blending;
(2) by 20 DEG C of-25 DEG C of phosphatide oils, fish oil, to join under high-pressure injection state in the raw material of step (1) and to stir;
(3) under 85 DEG C of-95 DEG C of conditions, modified 2-3 minute, rear granulation, obtains the one-tenth eel feed that particle diameter is 2.0-3.0mm after granulation.
The present invention controls bulk raw material quality by strict, improves attractant and the digestive utilization ratio of feed; By adding high-quality protein raw material, complex enzyme formulation and probiotics, improving the abundant digestion of nutrient, absorption, reducing the incidence of disease, meeting into the needs that eel grows fast, improve feed conversion rate.After testing, in feed of the present invention:
Compared with prior art, the present invention is by strict raw material screening and rational formula Design, and it is with strong points; the cultivation being specially adapted to into eel is thrown something and fed, balanced in nutrition, comprehensive, and attractant is good; enhance into the immunity of eel, premunition, can greatly improve the limited speed of growth, and improve feed conversion rate; improve water quality, protect to greatest extent in preparation process simultaneously nutriment not destroy by high temperature, and product cost is low; efficiency is high; steady quality, storage is convenient, has no adverse reaction.
Detailed description of the invention
Below further describe concrete technical scheme of the present invention, so that those skilled in the art understands the present invention further, and do not form the restriction to its right.
Embodiment 1, a kind of nuisanceless Tiny ecosystem swamp eel mixed feed being applicable to into eel, it is made up of the raw material of following weight proportion:
Fish meal 8; Wheat 10;
Dregs of beans 45; Expanded soybean 4;
Fish oil 1; Globulin powder 1;
Phosphatide oil 1; Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1.4;
50% Choline Chloride 0.1; 35%Vc phosphoesterase 30 .051;
Aquatic products special enzyme preparation 0.05; The fruit of glossy privet 1;
Aquatic products probiotics 0.01;
Alepidote compound premix special 1.0.
Embodiment 2, a kind of nuisanceless Tiny ecosystem swamp eel mixed feed being applicable to into eel, it is made up of the raw material of following weight proportion:
Fish meal 18; Wheat 20;
Dregs of beans 65; Expanded soybean 10;
Fish oil 2; Globulin powder 3;
Phosphatide oil 2; Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1.8;
50% Choline Chloride 0.3; 35%Vc phosphoesterase 30 .1;
Aquatic products special enzyme preparation 0.1; The fruit of glossy privet 2;
Aquatic products probiotics 0.02;
Alepidote compound premix special 1.0.
Embodiment 3, a kind of nuisanceless Tiny ecosystem swamp eel mixed feed being applicable to into eel, it is made up of the raw material of following weight proportion:
Fish meal 13; Wheat 15;
Dregs of beans 55; Expanded soybean 6;
Fish oil 1.5; Globulin powder 2;
Phosphatide oil 1.5; Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1.6;
50% Choline Chloride 0.2; 35%Vc phosphoesterase 30 .08;
Aquatic products special enzyme preparation 0.08; The fruit of glossy privet 1.5;
Aquatic products probiotics 0.015;
Alepidote compound premix special 1.0.
Embodiment 4, is applicable in the nuisanceless Tiny ecosystem swamp eel mixed feed of eel described in embodiment 1 or 2 or 3: protein quality content >=64% of described fish meal; Protein quality content >=46% of described dregs of beans; Protein quality content >=90% of described globulin powder.
Embodiment 5, in the preparation method of embodiment 1 or 2 or the fish meal described in 3 or 4, its step is as follows:
(1) wheat, dregs of beans, expanded soybean, the fruit of glossy privet be ground into the fine powder of 0.8-1.2mm is proportionally taken, then by even to fish meal, globulin powder, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 50% Choline Chloride, 35% Vc phosphate, aquatic products special enzyme preparation, aquatic products probiotics, alepidote compound premix special and aforementioned fine powder raw material blending;
(2) by 20 DEG C of-25 DEG C of phosphatide oils, fish oil, to join under high-pressure injection state in the raw material of step (1) and to stir;
(3) under 85 DEG C of-95 DEG C of conditions, modified 2-3 minute, rear granulation, obtains the one-tenth eel feed that particle diameter is 2.0-3.0mm after granulation.
In order to verify technique effect of the present invention, make the feeding experiment of this carp feed:
Test feeding method: adopt manually to shed and throw something and feed.
Test is fed and management:
In the eel pond of Donghai County, Jiangsu Province Jin Rui aquaculture professional cooperative society, random selecting 4 becomes eel pond to test respectively, and the one-tenth eel quantity gross weight in each one-tenth eel pond is equal.Experimental group and each two pools of control group, from June 1---July 15, whole process was thrown something and fed, control group fed common swamp eel dispensing feed, the dispensing feed that the raw material that experimental group feeds weight proportion described in the embodiment of the present invention 3 is made.Bait throwing in strict accordance with " four see ", " four fixed " principle, ensure into eel eat even, eat foot, eat.It is equal that eel feed is thrown something and fed in each experiment pool and contrast pond, and management method is the same.Concrete feeding volume is determined according to becoming the situation such as food situation, weather, water quality, water temperature of eel.Patrol pond every day 4 times, pay special attention to into active situation and the change of water quality of eel.
Result of the test: duration of test, the water quality in eel pond is good, becomes eel to search for food normally, the one-tenth eel dispensing feed water-tolerant of experimental group, molten and loose, absorptivity is high, after searching for food, growing state is well, and feed rate of rotation is high, the good and control group of the water quality of experiment pool.In whole experiment periods, the one-tenth eel many weightening finish 50 gram/fish average than the one-tenth eel of control group of experimental group, weightening finish reaches more than 23%.
Conclusion: above test describes the present invention and becomes eel mixed feed to be suitable for the current breeding situations in this area, also can adapt to the water quality situation of this area simultaneously.Also further illustrate and comprehensively use quality raw materials, aquatic products special enzyme preparation, probiotics, to improving into eel daily gain and improving food conversion ratio and improve water quality, decreasing pollution has obvious effect.

Claims (2)

1. be applicable to into a nuisanceless Tiny ecosystem swamp eel mixed feed for eel, it is characterized in that, it is made up of the raw material of following weight proportion:
Fish meal 13; Wheat 15;
Dregs of beans 55; Expanded soybean 6;
Fish oil 1.5; Globulin powder 2;
Phosphatide oil 1.5; Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1.6;
50% Choline Chloride 0.2; 35%Vc phosphoesterase 30 .08;
Aquatic products special enzyme preparation 0.08; The fruit of glossy privet 1.5;
Aquatic products probiotics 0.015;
Alepidote compound premix special 1.0;
The step of its preparation method is as follows:
(1) wheat, dregs of beans, expanded soybean, the fruit of glossy privet be ground into the fine powder of 0.8-1.2mm is proportionally taken, then by even to fish meal, globulin powder, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 50% Choline Chloride, 35% Vc phosphate, aquatic products special enzyme preparation, aquatic products probiotics, alepidote compound premix special and aforementioned fine powder raw material blending;
(2) by 20 DEG C of-25 DEG C of phosphatide oils, fish oil, to join under high-pressure injection state in the raw material of step (1) and to stir;
(3) under 85 DEG C of-95 DEG C of conditions, modified 2-3 minute, rear granulation, obtains the one-tenth eel feed that particle diameter is 2.0-3.0mm after granulation.
2. the nuisanceless Tiny ecosystem swamp eel mixed feed being applicable to into eel according to claim 1, is characterized in that: protein quality content >=64% of described fish meal; Protein quality content >=46% of described dregs of beans; Protein quality content >=90% of described globulin powder.
CN201410070926.8A 2014-02-28 2014-02-28 Nuisanceless Tiny ecosystem swamp eel mixed feed being applicable to into eel and preparation method thereof CN103798506B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN104431403A (en) * 2014-09-24 2015-03-25 全椒县花溪湖特种水产合作社 Finless eel aquaculture feed
CN105360708A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-03-02 明光市永言水产(集团)有限公司 High-calcium monopterus albus feed and preparation method thereof
CN105360709A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-03-02 明光市永言水产(集团)有限公司 Feed for improving digestive capacity of finless eels and preparation method thereof
CN105360711A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-03-02 明光市永言水产(集团)有限公司 Monopterus albus feed rich in mineral substances and preparation method thereof
CN105360707A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-03-02 明光市永言水产(集团)有限公司 Feed for delaying sexual reverse of ricefield eel and preparation method of feed
CN105360710A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-03-02 明光市永言水产(集团)有限公司 Nutritious finless eel feed containing broken rice and preparation method thereof
CN105360703A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-03-02 明光市永言水产(集团)有限公司 Feed for increasing egg laying amount of finless eels and preparation method thereof
CN105360712A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-03-02 明光市永言水产(集团)有限公司 Low-cost ricefield eel feed and preparation method thereof
CN105360701A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-03-02 明光市永言水产(集团)有限公司 High yield monopterus albus feed and preparation method thereof
CN105360704A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-03-02 明光市永言水产(集团)有限公司 Ricefield eel feed for restraining harmful bacteria and preparation method of feed
CN105360705A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-03-02 明光市永言水产(集团)有限公司 Anti-cold nutritional feed for monopterus albus and preparation method thereof
CN105360706A (en) * 2015-11-04 2016-03-02 明光市永言水产(集团)有限公司 Nutrient fodder capable of improving appetite of finless eels and preparing method of nutrient fodder

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CN101861942A (en) * 2009-04-20 2010-10-20 李荣帮 Finless eel feed
CN103349155A (en) * 2013-06-19 2013-10-16 余丽 Nutritional feed for eel
CN103549182A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-02-05 江苏福瑞水产养殖有限公司 Chinese herbal micro-ecologic farmed fish feed suitable for carps in later period and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101156652A (en) * 2007-11-14 2008-04-09 福建天马饲料有限公司 Ricefield eel adult fish swelling particle mixed feed
CN101861942A (en) * 2009-04-20 2010-10-20 李荣帮 Finless eel feed
CN103349155A (en) * 2013-06-19 2013-10-16 余丽 Nutritional feed for eel
CN103549182A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-02-05 江苏福瑞水产养殖有限公司 Chinese herbal micro-ecologic farmed fish feed suitable for carps in later period and preparation method thereof

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