CN103798114B - The Rapid Rooting method of chrysanthemum cuttage - Google Patents

The Rapid Rooting method of chrysanthemum cuttage Download PDF

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CN103798114B
CN103798114B CN201410054497.5A CN201410054497A CN103798114B CN 103798114 B CN103798114 B CN 103798114B CN 201410054497 A CN201410054497 A CN 201410054497A CN 103798114 B CN103798114 B CN 103798114B
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cuttings
seedling
cuttage
chrysanthemum
solution
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CN103798114A (en
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郑玉红
邓波
张智
周坚
刘晓静
彭峰
余玲玲
刘方
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ZHANGJIAGANG DONGHANG AGRICULTURAL & FORESTRY FARMERS SPECIALIZED COOPERATIVES
Jiangsu Junma Agriculture And Forestry Technology Ind Co ltd
Nanjing Forestry University
Institute of Botany of CAS
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ZHANGJIAGANG DONGHANG AGRICULTURAL & FORESTRY FARMERS SPECIALIZED COOPERATIVES
Jiangsu Junma Agriculture And Forestry Technology Ind Co ltd
Nanjing Forestry University
Institute of Botany of CAS
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Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of Rapid Rooting method of chrysanthemum cuttage, specifically comprises the steps: step 1, cutting bed preparation: put into the matrix that is sprayed with bactericide at some seedling culture hole plates; Step 2, cuttings are prepared: arrange cuttings, cuttings lower cut-out is put into bactericide and root-growing agent solution successively, root-growing agent solution is the mixed solution of indolebutyric acid, multi-walled carbon nano-tubes and water three composition; Step 3, cuttage: insert a hole in each hole of seedling culture hole plate central vertical with bamboo let, then by vertical the cuttings of handling well cuttage in each hole and water; Step 4, seedling management: the callus formation phase in seedling stage is carried out whole day sun-shading to florists chrysanthemum seedling; Be completed into the phase at the callus callus in seedling stage and only need in the time that sunlight is strong, carry out sun-shading; The root growth phase in seedling stage need to be to florists chrysanthemum seedling spraying fungicide. Advantage of the present invention is: can promote cuttings Rapid Rooting, the cycle of taking root is short, take root neat, quality of rooting is good.

Description

The Rapid Rooting method of chrysanthemum cuttage
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of chrysanthemum culturing method, relate in particular to a kind of Rapid Rooting method of chrysanthemum cuttage.
Background technology
The cultivation history of chrysanthemum is long, chrysanthemum always because its pattern is abundant, flower shape is changeable, the liking of the high people of enjoying of ornamental value. Chrysanthemum cultivation can adopt various ways to carry out, and cuttage cultivation is one of planting type of the widest and best results of the scope of application. At present, the production and supply of China's chrysanthemum is relatively backward, and one of them major reason is that cultivation aspect exists more problem, as adopt normal cutting propagation method, though can keep the merit of chrysanthemum maternal plant, simple again, but rootage duration is longer, and rooting rate is not very desirable. Chrysanthemum cuttage rooting is an important step in Dendranthema Growth process, adopts normal cutting propagation method, exists long, the series of problems such as irregular of taking root of the time that easily mouldyly rot in rooting process cuttings lower cut-out place, the rooting process of cuttings is required.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem of solution required for the present invention is: a kind of Rapid Rooting method that chrysanthemum cuttage that can promote cuttings Rapid Rooting, take root neat is provided.
For addressing the above problem, the technical solution used in the present invention is: the Rapid Rooting method of described chrysanthemum cuttage, comprise cutting bed preparation, cuttings preparation, cuttage and seedling management four-stage, and specifically comprise the steps:
Step 1, cutting bed are prepared: cutting bed is made up of some seedling culture hole plates, and matrix is evenly put into each seedling culture hole plate, and in matrix, applies the first bactericide;
Step 2, cuttings are prepared: choose the newly cuttings a little of chrysanthemum maternal plant, cutting length is controlled within the scope of 6~7cm, retains 3 leaf 1 hearts at cuttings top; Then cuttings lower cut-out is put into after the second bactericide soaks 10min and taken out; After cuttings after taking out is placed to 60~80min, again cuttings lower cut-out is put into root-growing agent solution, treat the moistening i.e. taking-up in cuttings lower cut-out position; Root-growing agent solution is the mixed solution of indolebutyric acid, multi-walled carbon nano-tubes and water three composition, and in mixed solution, the content of indolebutyric acid is 10~100mg/L, and in mixed solution, the content of multi-walled carbon nano-tubes is 1~10mg/L;
Step 3, cuttage: use bamboo let to insert a hole in each hole of seedling culture hole plate central vertical, and then vertical the cuttings of handling well cuttage is arrived in each hole, ensure that cuttings insertion depth is 1.5~2cm, after the good cuttings of cuttage, water immediately to promote matrix and cuttings to combine closely to be beneficial to and take root;
Step 4, seedling management: for callus forms the phase, now needed florists chrysanthemum seedling to carry out whole day sun-shading at 1~4 day of seedling stage; , now only need when sunlight is strong at noon to carry out sun-shading, and ensure that florists chrysanthemum seedling growth temperature is no more than 28 DEG C for callus is completed into the phase 5~6 days of seedling stage; Seedling stage within 7~14 days, be the root growth phase, now need to florists chrysanthemum seedling spray the 3rd bactericide.
Further, the Rapid Rooting method of aforesaid chrysanthemum cuttage, wherein, the matrix in step 1 is the mixed-matrix that perlite mixes with the peat composed of rotten mosses soil phase; The volume ratio of perlite and turfy soil is 1:4~1:4.2.
Further, the Rapid Rooting method of aforesaid chrysanthemum cuttage, wherein, the first bactericide in step 1 is fenaminosulf solution, dilution carbendazim solution or the 6g/m of 250 times of 200 times of dilutions3Pentachloronitrobenzene in one.
Further, the Rapid Rooting method of aforesaid chrysanthemum cuttage, wherein, the second bactericide in step 2 is that the dilution Amici of 800 times reaches the one in the Bravo solution of 1000 times of the Difenoconazole solution of 800 times of solution, dilution or dilutions.
Further, the Rapid Rooting method of aforesaid chrysanthemum cuttage, wherein, the 3rd bactericide in step 4 is the one in carbendazim solution or the dilution Bravo solution of 1000 times of 800 times of fenaminosulf solution, dilutions of 800 times of dilutions.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: by adopting the Rapid Rooting method of above-mentioned chrysanthemum cuttage and using the mixed solution forming using indolebutyric acid, multi-walled carbon nano-tubes and water three as root-growing agent solution, only use on year-on-year basis the normal cutting propagation method taking the indolebutyric acid aqueous solution as the agent solution of taking root, the phase of taking root has shortened 2~3 days on year-on-year basis, the quantity that grows adventitious root has increased by 50% on year-on-year basis, and quality of rooting is good, this has shortened the cycle of chrysanthemum cuttage greatly, improve the utilization rate in soil, saved production cost.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, technical solutions according to the invention are described in further detail.
The chrysanthemum of the present embodiment taking kind as " excellent perfume (or spice) " is as example, chrysanthemum all can carry out cuttage cultivation any time of 1 year, but in practical operation, should avoid high-temperature time section, generally choose temperature range, the time period of 18 DEG C~25 DEG C, chrysanthemum is carried out to cuttage cultivation, concrete steps are as follows:
Step 1, cutting bed are prepared: cutting bed is made up of some seedling culture hole plates, matrix is evenly put into each seedling culture hole plate, and in matrix, apply the first bactericide, the germ of carrying in matrix is removed, to prevent that cuttage from rotting to the lower cut-out of the cuttings in matrix; In the present embodiment, cutting bed is made up of the seedling culture hole plate in 105 holes, and matrix is the mixed-matrix that perlite mixes with the peat composed of rotten mosses soil phase, and the volume ratio of perlite and turfy soil is 1:4~1:4.2. In practical operation, the first bactericide can be selected fenaminosulf solution, dilution carbendazim solution or the 6g/m of 250 times of 200 times of dilutions3Pentachloronitrobenzene in one.
Step 2, cuttings are prepared: choose the newly cuttings a little of chrysanthemum maternal plant, cutting length is controlled within the scope of 6~7cm, and retains 3 leaf 1 hearts at cuttings top, have large blade in cuttings, need every large blade cut off half; In the present embodiment, first remove the bad cuttings such as residual seedling, etiolated seedling, hollow seedling, red heart seedling, aging seedling, then remaining cuttings is classified, diameter is that the cuttings of 3.5~4mm is divided into a class, diameter is that 3.0~3.5 cuttings is divided into a class, diameter is that the cuttings of 2.5~3.0mm is divided into a class, in the time of cuttage, the cuttings cuttage of same item is in same seedling culture hole plate, so that florists chrysanthemum seedling growing height in same seedling culture hole plate is neat and same seedling culture hole plate in florists chrysanthemum seedling take root neatly, for florists chrysanthemum seedling transplant planting is prepared. Cuttings lower cut-out is put into after the second bactericide soaks 10min and taken out; After being placed to 60~80min, cuttings after taking out again cuttings lower cut-out is put into root-growing agent solution, until cuttings lower cut-out position moistening take out after be placed in the containers such as plastic tub, root-growing agent solution is that indolebutyric acid, multi-walled carbon nano-tubes and water three mix the mixed solution mixing, in mixed solution, the content of indolebutyric acid is 10~100mg/L, and in mixed solution, the content of multi-walled carbon nano-tubes is 1~10mg/L. In practical operation, the second bactericide is that the dilution Amici of 800 times reaches the one in the Bravo solution of 1000 times of the Difenoconazole solution of 800 times of solution, dilution or dilutions.
Step 3, cuttage: use bamboo let to insert a hole in each hole of seedling culture hole plate central vertical, and then vertical the cuttings of handling well cuttage is arrived in each hole, ensure that cuttings insertion depth is 1.5~2cm, in the present embodiment, when cuttage, operator's hand thumb pinches from lower cut-out and puts into hole and take advantage of a situation and press to next apart from the cuttings stem that is 2.4~2.6cm is vertical with forefinger, and matrix is combined closely with cuttings. After the good cuttings of cuttage, watering immediately to promote matrix and cuttings to combine closely to be beneficial to takes root;
Step 4, seedling management:, now needed florists chrysanthemum seedling to carry out whole day sun-shading for callus forms the phase at 1~4 day of seedling stage, sunshade net is generally set above cutting bed; For callus is completed into the phase, now remove sunshade net 5~6 days of seedling stage, only in the time that sunlight is strong, carry out sun-shading, and ensure that florists chrysanthemum seedling growth temperature is no more than 28 DEG C; Seedling stage within 7~14 days, be the root growth phase, now need to florists chrysanthemum seedling spray the 3rd bactericide. In the hardening processing of 2~3 days of florists chrysanthemum seedling being carried out in 15~16 days in seedling stage, hardening can be by florists chrysanthemum seedling transplant planting after processing. In practical operation, the 3rd bactericide can be selected the one in carbendazim solution or the dilution Bravo solution of 1000 times of 800 times of fenaminosulf solution, dilutions of 800 times of dilutions.
The chrysanthemum that the Rapid Rooting method that adopts above-mentioned chrysanthemum cuttage is " excellent perfume (or spice) " to kind carries out cuttage, florists chrysanthemum seedling lower cut-out can be completed into callus in the 5th day after cuttage, within after cuttage the 7th day, just can grow adventitious root, within after cuttage the 10th day, just can grow successively more adventitious root, after general cuttage, the root system development of the 14th day florists chrysanthemum seedling is complete. Only use on year-on-year basis the normal cutting propagation method using indolebutyric acid solution as root-growing agent solution, the phase of taking root has shortened 2~3 days on year-on-year basis, the quantity that grows adventitious root has increased by 50% and root length is long, capillary root growth is more flourishing on year-on-year basis, quality of rooting is good, this has shortened the cycle of " excellent perfume (or spice) " cuttage cultivation greatly, improve the utilization rate in soil, saved production cost.

Claims (5)

1. the Rapid Rooting method of chrysanthemum cuttage, is characterized in that: comprise cutting bed preparation, cuttings preparation, cuttage and seedling management four-stage, specifically comprise the steps:
Step 1, cutting bed are prepared: cutting bed is made up of some seedling culture hole plates, and matrix is evenly put into each seedling culture hole plate, and in matrix, applies the first bactericide;
Step 2, cuttings are prepared: choose the newly cuttings a little of chrysanthemum maternal plant, cutting length is controlled within the scope of 6~7cm, retains 3 leaf 1 hearts at cuttings top; Then cuttings lower cut-out is put into after the second bactericide soaks 10min and taken out; After cuttings after taking out is placed to 60~80min, again cuttings lower cut-out is put into root-growing agent solution, treat the moistening i.e. taking-up in cuttings lower cut-out position; Root-growing agent solution is the mixed solution of indolebutyric acid, multi-walled carbon nano-tubes and water three composition, and in mixed solution, the content of indolebutyric acid is 10~100mg/L, and in mixed solution, the content of multi-walled carbon nano-tubes is 1~10mg/L;
Step 3, cuttage: use bamboo let to insert a hole in each hole of seedling culture hole plate central vertical, and then vertical the cuttings of handling well cuttage is arrived in each hole, ensure that cuttings insertion depth is 1.5~2cm, after the good cuttings of cuttage, water immediately to promote matrix and cuttings to combine closely to be beneficial to and take root;
Step 4, seedling management: for callus forms the phase, now needed florists chrysanthemum seedling to carry out whole day sun-shading at 1~4 day of seedling stage; , now only need when sunlight is strong at noon to carry out sun-shading, and ensure that florists chrysanthemum seedling growth temperature is no more than 28 DEG C for callus is completed into the phase 5~6 days of seedling stage; Seedling stage within 7~14 days, be the root growth phase, now need to florists chrysanthemum seedling spray the 3rd bactericide.
2. according to the Rapid Rooting method of chrysanthemum cuttage claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the matrix in step 1 is the mixed-matrix that perlite mixes with the peat composed of rotten mosses soil phase; The volume ratio of perlite and turfy soil is 1:4~1:4.2.
3. according to the Rapid Rooting method of chrysanthemum cuttage claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the first bactericide in step 1 is fenaminosulf solution, dilution carbendazim solution or the 6g/m of 250 times of 200 times of dilutions3Pentachloronitrobenzene in one.
4. according to the Rapid Rooting method of chrysanthemum cuttage claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the second bactericide in step 2 is that the dilution Amici of 800 times reaches the one in the Bravo solution of 1000 times of the Difenoconazole solution of 800 times of solution, dilution or dilutions.
5. according to the Rapid Rooting method of chrysanthemum cuttage claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the 3rd bactericide in step 4 is the one in carbendazim solution or the dilution Bravo solution of 1000 times of 800 times of fenaminosulf solution, dilutions of 800 times of dilutions.
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CN105027938A (en) * 2015-08-19 2015-11-11 河南师范大学 Method for regulating cutting rooting of chrysanthemums
CN105660127B (en) * 2016-01-27 2019-03-08 青岛农业大学 A kind of chrysanthemum culturing method
CN106941904A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-07-14 云南省农业科学院花卉研究所 A kind of efficiently quick Cut Flower Chrysanthemum Morifolium straight cutting cultural method
CN106942036A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-07-14 南京农业大学 A kind of methods and applications for improving chrysanthemum cuttage rooting ability and seedling quality
CN107242123A (en) * 2017-06-21 2017-10-13 磐安县派普特生物科技有限公司 A kind of Rapid Rooting method of Chinese rose cuttage
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