CN103797197A - Building structure of pre-cast monolithic walls and interfloor slabs - Google Patents

Building structure of pre-cast monolithic walls and interfloor slabs Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103797197A
CN103797197A CN201180072656.9A CN201180072656A CN103797197A CN 103797197 A CN103797197 A CN 103797197A CN 201180072656 A CN201180072656 A CN 201180072656A CN 103797197 A CN103797197 A CN 103797197A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
concrete
building
floor
lateral trench
groove
Prior art date
Application number
CN201180072656.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103797197B (en
Inventor
米兰·凯卡诺维克
Original Assignee
米兰·凯卡诺维克
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to RS20110350A priority Critical patent/RS54106B1/en
Priority to RSP-2011/350 priority
Application filed by 米兰·凯卡诺维克 filed Critical 米兰·凯卡诺维克
Priority to PCT/RS2011/000013 priority patent/WO2013019134A1/en
Publication of CN103797197A publication Critical patent/CN103797197A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103797197B publication Critical patent/CN103797197B/en

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/16Load-carrying floor structures wholly or partly cast or similarly formed in situ
    • E04B5/17Floor structures partly formed in situ
    • E04B5/18Floor structures partly formed in situ with stiffening ribs or other beam-like formations wholly cast between filling members
    • E04B5/19Floor structures partly formed in situ with stiffening ribs or other beam-like formations wholly cast between filling members the filling members acting as self-supporting permanent forms
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/16Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position
    • E04B2/18Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position by interlocking of projections or inserts with indentations, e.g. of tongues, grooves, dovetails
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/14Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element
    • E04B2/24Walls having cavities in, but not between, the elements, i.e. each cavity being enclosed by at least four sides forming part of one single element the walls being characterised by fillings in some of the cavities forming load-bearing pillars or beams
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/86Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms
    • E04B2/8623Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms with spacers and at least one form leaf being monolithic
    • E04B2/8629Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ made in permanent forms with spacers and at least one form leaf being monolithic with both form leaves and spacers being monolithic
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/16Load-carrying floor structures wholly or partly cast or similarly formed in situ
    • E04B5/17Floor structures partly formed in situ
    • E04B5/18Floor structures partly formed in situ with stiffening ribs or other beam-like formations wholly cast between filling members
    • E04B5/21Cross-ribbed floors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/16Load-carrying floor structures wholly or partly cast or similarly formed in situ
    • E04B5/32Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements
    • E04B5/36Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements with form units as part of the floor
    • E04B5/38Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements with form units as part of the floor with slab-shaped form units acting simultaneously as reinforcement; Form slabs with reinforcements extending laterally outside the element
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/04Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres
    • E04C2/06Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres reinforced
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/288Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and concrete, stone or stone-like material

Abstract

The invention relates to a building structure comprising composite floor slabs and pre-cast wall panels. The floor slabs comprise a styrofoam block (1) having longitudinal (2) and transverse channels (3) cut into an upper surface, the channels are provided with reinforcement and spacers therefor and are filled to first depth with concrete. Such a pre-cast slab may be transported to a building site and the floor structure finished by applying a reinforcing mesh and additional concrete. The pre-cast wall panels comprising a plurality of insulating formwork building blocks made of light concrete provided with cavities and channels, some of which are cast with vertical and horizontal reinforced concrete.

Description

The building structure of pre-casting integral wall and floor
Technical field
Subject matter of an invention, mainly belongs to the field of civil engineering.The present invention can classifiedly indicate numbering E04B5/18 in IPC; E04B5/21; E04B2/23; E04C1/41; E04B2/18.
Technical problem
The technical problem that this invention solves is as follows: how to design can be for the wallboard and the floor that support.Allow these two materials, can actually be used in monolithic precasting and partly make system.
Interesting especially place, is to be that building site, every place all has an opportunity to use precasting to make the material of system, rapidly fabrication is completed.After effective construction of these material adapted steel concrete, the mechanism of a set of entirety will be become.The bearing system of wall and floor construction, confirms the required supporting capacity possessing of each disparity items between can be at the same time.Adiabatic, high anti-noise, vapor diffusion, fire-resistant, rapid construction.Wallboard and the floor of building carrying, its weight must be light.So, building just can be reinforced with steel concrete in addition again.Even for the highest building in the world, too.Building technology must be can be highly flexible, and be applied at any time each building site, in each different construction stage.
Background technology
With present case, some dissimilar precastings make and semi-finished floor framing in, its filler material has comprised ceramic materials and concrete, even also has a large amount of expanded polystyrene (EPS)s.And at the same time, although there are many solutions, all can only solve ask for something wherein.
Among these solutions, we have selected some similar methods that but simultaneously have very big difference, make explanations according to each example.In file FR1602029, the floor of building, makes with calcining (ripe) clay.If use this material to build, the form work engineering of whole building all must be used this kind of material.And floor slab structure in this patent does not propose specific (special) requirements to template.The difference of its maximum is to reinforce with two-way rib, just as the grillage in cassette girder system system.
WO95/09953 describes precasting building materials and need rely on mould to be just able to moulding.If just there is no by template the stage at placing of concrete as these materials, just cannot make shaping structures.In addition, this method is not used cross rib.Use cross rib and longitudinal rib but be described in this new patent, and the rib that forms of the grillage of being united by cassette girder system, the base plate being located thereon.
EP0987377A2 has illustrated the concrete material for watering steel mesh reinforcement.These materials are not easy to transport and upwards carrying.This example, is not applied to the cross rib of mentioning in new patent, and the grillage of cassette girder system system.
US6817150 has shown polystyrene material solid-state and that incur a considerable or great expense.Wherein comprise the C " raw material of class.These constructional materialss, as sayed in patent, do not reinforce, and also do not have cross rib, and the grillage of cassette load bearing beam system.
WO/2007/059538 has proposed other one, the application process being proposed by same inventor.This method is to be improved by the way of being applied above.Especially in the first stage, when scheme of arrangement concrete works.Inventor arranges with more groove, increases deck-siding.In the time that last translot is closed, concrete just can not flow out from lateral trench.The same with new patent, author provides novel rangefinder, and this different instrument of reinforced bar support seat.This allow impose novel placing of concrete partly make joist, transport and the process of upwards carrying in facilitate many.In the grillage of beam muscle, also load onto rangefinder.This example has been told about transporting between building site, in the utilization of previous numbering WO/2007/059538, and impossible accomplishing.
Relevant constructional materials and wallboard are made, and the inventor of this patent, has applied for patent number no.PCT/99YU/00007.Take numbering EP No.99946999.2 as example, wherein mention and how splits has been used in to building fortification.In addition and how vertically to have explained aligned perpendicular groove, with building block, and how plate is correctly built and made in wall.No matter be in corner, or in crossing.
In new application way, mention and used insulating concrete the built thick wall of laying bricks, and used the treating method in above-mentioned file.More topmost, in the actual stage applying, because mortar is applying stage institute's experience problem, author understands the shortcoming of thin wall brick.Therefore, inventor explains that at this brick with thick walling material makes works.Its material is the mixed soil of intending of lightweight, and thus, the brick of making is not only lightweight, also very practical.In addition,, in this new patent, author also provides way.By setting up novel building brick, partly make wallboard to build precasting.
Find patent document and document in this field, all not have relevant this part to be reported in beginning proposition, the solution of Relational Questions.
Summary of the invention
The expanded polystyrene (EPS) brick forming with Digit Control Machine Tool cutting is the member for building floor.It has represented a form work engineering having completed.This way, can avoid mixed soil to water in each place, unless when having special requirement in design.
Therefore one meter of wide polystyrene board, its thickness depends on floor span.Use red line Digit Control Machine Tool, can cut out three longitudinal grooves at every time, also can, on a same polystyrene board, carry out the cutting of lateral trench every 50 centimeters.So can obtain one meter wide two meters of long moulding materials, it is neatly sequenced one by one, to use the longitudinal component as base plate.In the groove of moulding, we put into the flexible reinforcing bar rangefinder of being made by sheet metal, and reinforced bar support seat.In these reinforcing bar rangefinders, we adopt the grillage by the beam of steel reinforcing.In addition, if needed, can add the longitudinal reinforcement being formed by steel bar.In the grillage of beam, by a little 95 centimeters of long steel bars, put into lateral trench.These members, are watered the concrete of putting several centimeters thick (maximum six centimeters), so make to make partly, movably the longitudinal component of floor joist.This part is picked up, with cap be together put in next-door neighbour wall limit bracing frame, and and cap be together put in the bracing frame between wall and wall.When floor joist part and cap are together put on bracing frame, extra reinforcing bar can be placed in lateral trench, the width of the total that postponing.In addition, steel mesh reinforcement is placed on longitudinal plate of moulding.These parts will be by concrete casting afterwards, to make in one or two directions, all has a cassette beam grillage floor of supporting capacity.
Section 2 uses that this patent proposes, and about the application of floor solution, is an all-in-one-piece pre-cast panel.Its length is between between knee wall, and width is between between horizontal knee wall.At this, there is the width that a possibility is floor not need to be all used to.Two meters of sizes that are best suited for transporting of width.In each structure, two-layer floor is by visual integral.The transverse reinforcement of first floor floor, overlaps with the transverse reinforcement position of second layer floor.In building site, when longitudinal reinforcement put appropriate after, all members will be watered and put by the mixed soil of intending.The solution adopting with building site in factory, is the polystyrene material of first putting moulding on conveyer belt well, and rangefinder, reinforced bar support seat, and thereunder, exceed the transverse reinforcement of foamed glue width.Longitudinal reinforcement net, and other steel bar, and put into the reinforcing bar of beam muscle grillage, also can be put.In addition, also have up the transverse reinforcement setting, its width can again exceed the width of foamed glue.Finally, then add laterally and longitudinal groove 3/4ths concrete highly.
The kenel that will reach rapidly solidified forming in twenty four hours, and then floor is applied in building structure, and is supported by the cap on wall limit.The semi-finished floor of these precastings, its core does not need extra support.Only need do extra reinforcing with steel mesh reinforcement, and be applied on assembled configuration is good floor.
Concrete beam is also arranged to the longitudinal junction in wall and between two floors.Put extra reinforcing bar and water and put concrete at work location place, to do overall link.Be considered to best through confirming.And can resist load and uprush.
By using specially designed instrument, make the thick wall that concrete brick is built into.According to the application of this patent, the concrete brick that these are made on conveyer belt or on ager or on shelf, normally through design, with perpendicular grooves and lateral trench.Therefore in the time of construction, can add horizontal reinforcement, in wall completion, also can place vertical reinforcing bar.
Brick works, can be in the building site of construction, the conveyer belt that building site is other, or carry out in the factory that manufactures wallboard.With wallboard, every the perpendicular grooves at two places, can be a practical reinforcing part.And can put into therein an anchor, use to ground exterior wall.About to watering the method for putting in the perpendicular grooves of putting into reinforcing bar, do not allow to put not having reinforcing bar perpendicular grooves to water, only allow just can water and put every the perpendicular grooves at two places.The inventor of this patent, further proposed construction method, is not water in the perpendicular grooves of putting, and puts into the waterproof sebific duct contour with wall, makes its section compare the section of vertical trench, has exceeded about 5 percent height.Flexible canvas cloth sebific duct, is placed to bottom, then injects thus air.Then in the perpendicular grooves at two places, carry out concrete casting and put engineering.When concrete starts curing time, air can locally be derived via flexible canvas cloth sebific duct, or to certain degree, can derive via the perpendicular grooves of building exterior wall brick used.
Accompanying drawing explanation
This invention, by following detailed icon example, is described explanation:
Figure mono--narrated molded, to have longitudinally/lateral trench foamed glue building materials, is considered as a closed template, can make a floor.
Figure bis--shown a special sheet metal of making, the rangefinder using while being used to place reinforcing bar.So can obtain a mobile plate part, can be used to protection and need to be added in the layer of concrete on reinforcing bar.
Figure tri--shown in the foamed glue material of a moulding and put into metal rangefinder, allows and can more easily reinforcing bar be inserted in the future.And reinforce in order to reinforcing bar bundle and extra steel bar.
One, figure tetra--shown is complete and be convenient to mobile floor part.This floor has one meter wide, and length can determine with demand.Reinforcing bar is set for a support direction, and pours into six centimeters of thick concrete.
Figure five-the shown support floor of a portable cassette beam grillage.This floor can be upwards carried on building, along the edge of this plate, can be positioned in the lump on bracing frame with cap.
Figure six-one of demonstration insulator die plate for building.There are perpendicular grooves and lateral trench above.Heavy wall committee is built into by bricklayer, and corresponding with perpendicular grooves and horizontal channel.So just, can put into level or laterally, put with concrete casting build thing.Thus, whole face wall just becomes steel concrete outer wall.
Figure seven-shown steel concrete outer wall.The production method of this face wall is, while building a wall with insulator die plate, horizontal steel bar to be synchronously set.Placement opportunity of vertical reinforcing bar is for building when metope in completion.Be subjected to concrete casting every the perpendicular grooves at two places and put, and make the weight saving of wall so that up build, and exterior wall just can be therefore by anchorage in this building.
Figure eight-demonstration has settled the exterior wall having completed in building/structure.Exterior wall extends downward outstanding anchorage place below ground.In each structure, every the perpendicular grooves at two places, after vertical reinforcing bar is placed, will be watered and be put concrete.This figure has also shown ground each anchor place.
A removable floor part of a meter wide of figure nine-shown.Its length, changes to some extent along with the distance of knee wall.Floor part and cap are positioned on the bracing frame on next-door neighbour wall limit, are two hectometers from wall distance farthest.
Figure ten-shown the support floor of one side cassette beam grillage movably.The longitudinal of it is put on bracing frame with horizontal tail end, and is together positioned over cap the bracing frame that is close to knee wall.Or with regard to athwartship plane, two plates are tied.Here also can see how to build a monolithic and impose the floor that concrete casting is put, and in this plate, place previous steel mesh reinforcement.
Figure 11-shown by two movably the support floor of cassette beam lattice plate be tied.The reinforcing bar of crossover, has exceeded lateral trench.Wherein and with longitudinal reinforcement bar reinforce.And foamed glue is placed on this template, so that allow foamed glue start to cover from ceiling below.
The specific embodiment
This invention comprises, and an expanded polystyrene (EPS) brick, is cut with red line by Digit Control Machine Tool, becomes the foamed glue material (1) of moulding.This material, has three longitudinal grooves (2) and three lateral trenchs (3).At its tail end, there is a similar groove.Unique different place is that this groove has been divided into two parts.Longitudinal groove is coniform, relative in trench bottom both sides (4), becomes 65 degree angles with bottom (5).In the central part of longitudinal groove (2), there are two vertical planes (6) relative.These two vertically opposite faces (7), proceed to longitudinal groove (2) always and become coniform, extend to top end, and large (8) little (9) cross section between longitudinal groove (2) and lateral trench (3).Lateral trench (3) strides across longitudinal groove (2), and its end high (10) are the same with the end high (5) of longitudinal groove (2).
Lateral trench (3) between longitudinal groove (2), its below, near the place of bottom (10), also becomes coniform.Its opposite face (11) forms 65 degree angles with the bottom (10) of groove.The central part of lateral trench (3), there are two vertical opposites (12), and always extend to the top (13) of lateral trench, and large (8) and less (9) cross section between longitudinal groove (2) and longitudinal groove (3).At the tail end of lateral trench (3), there are the thin vertical wall (14) of five centimeters high and the effect of (15), be to prevent concrete, water while putting and overflow in the first stage.The foamed glue material (1) having cut, at its tail end, lateral trench is reduced to half.Start from its bottom, in the place at the thinnest lateral trench and longitudinal groove place, having thickness minimum is five centimeters, complete smooth cross section (16).Similarly, in the direction of longitudinal groove (2),, there is vertical cross-section (17) position in the outside of foamed glue material (1) among lateral trench (3).
In the bottom (5) of longitudinal groove (2) other, between the acclive opposite of tool (4), be placed with one five cm thick, metal rangefinder and means for supporting reinforcement steel bar (18).Two maximal end points of its bottom section (19), just can contact with the bottom of longitudinal groove (3) (5).The bottom section (19) of rangefinder and means for supporting reinforcement steel bar (18), is bent downwardly the obtuse angle that makes bottom section (19) form 115 degree.Two relative cross sections (20) are so just obtained.These two cross sections, are linked up by a foil (21).Heart part therein, and between the cross section of two relative tilts (20), has the groove of a hollow and edge engrail (22), does like this to such an extent that object is to strengthen the rigidity of foil (21).
The bottom section (19) of rangefinder sheet metal and means for supporting reinforcement steel bar (18), be bent to 65 degree angles, so and in longitudinal groove (2), the gradient (4) of rangefinder and means for supporting reinforcement steel bar (18) is identical.When putting into rangefinder and means for supporting reinforcement steel bar (18), its bending both sides (23), stop after continuing up to horizontal section (24).Then be divided into a flat cross section (25), meanwhile, a part of (26), downward-sloping in addition.Rangefinder and means for supporting reinforcement steel bar (18) are used, and reinforce with reinforcing bar bundle (27).Do like this and can strengthen, and can pressurize to the opposed part (26) of rangefinder and means for supporting reinforcement steel bar (18).The reason of doing like this, is due to its opposed smooth section (25), can avoid skidding off of reinforcing bar bundle (27).
In addition, rangefinder and means for supporting reinforcement steel bar (18), its smooth part (21) being used, reinforced (28) by extra flat steel bar.
The foamed glue material (1) of moulding, is placed one by one.Thus, longitudinal groove (2) just can be mutually corresponding.And form a longitudinal groove (2) that can lengthen with demand.Therein, put into rangefinder and means for supporting reinforcement steel bar (18).Wherein still must put into reinforcing bar bundle (27).Can additionally place flat steel bar (28) if needed.
Before lateral trench, place second thin reinforcement bar (29).In this, put toward longitudinal groove (2) and inner the watering of lateral trench (3), until transverse reinforcement bar (29) is watered and puts by the layer of concrete of five cm thicks.When the inner concrete of lateral trench (3) starts to solidify, longitudinal groove (2) the inside also placed rangefinder and means for supporting reinforcement steel bar (18), with required reinforcing bar bundle (27), extra reinforcement bar (28) and horizontal steel bar (29).So, just can obtain one complete removable dismountable, one meter wide, length can determine with the need, partly makes three groove joists (30) of floor.
The three groove joists (30) of partly making floor, have one meter long, have three lateral trenchs (2) and longitudinal groove (3), and axial distance can reach 50 centimeters.The three groove joists of partly making floor are put to building, and follow cap (31), be together placed on bracing frame.Along the width of entire plate, there is transverse reinforcement to be placed in lateral trench (3).In addition, the whole cross section above three groove joists of floor, has also placed a steel mesh reinforcement (32).So, when total is all put by concrete casting, just can obtain cassette beam grillage concrete support floor (37).The floor of this type can be considered the braced structures of steel concrete.
Another one is specifically used the application process of shaping foam glue material (1), is its adjoining land laterally with is longitudinally placed.At least two or more.So, just, can make a pre-casting integral cassette beam grillage floor (33).This pre-casting integral cassette beam grillage floor (33), has necessary longitudinal bracing reinforcing bar bundle (27), and is additionally placed on the reinforcement bar (28) on rangefinder (18).In lateral trench (3) the inside, the steel bar of bottom (34) is placed under reinforcing bar bundle (27).The iron bar (35) on top, is vertically positioned over reinforcing bar and ties up (27).The tail end of iron bar (34) and (35) is bent, and with overlap with the outside space of foamed glue (1).Pre-casting integral cassette beam grillage floor, has 3/4ths longitudinal (2) and the part that laterally (3) groove is high to be watered and put by concrete.After concrete solidifies, just can obtain one removable, the removably pre-casting integral flat board of supportive (33).This panel edges, will together be placed on the bracing frame on next-door neighbour wall limit with cap (31).In setting up, an extra steel mesh reinforcement (27), is laid on whole floor face, and extra reinforced concrete beam is placed on wall, and extra reinforcing bar (36) also will be placed in two linking ribs between floor.Next, put remaining longitudinal groove (2) and lateral trench (3) with concrete casting.And pre-casting integral cassette beam grillage floor (33) is watered and is set to thickness and has the concrete slab of five to six centimeters, change into monolithic cassette beam grillage concrete floor (37), impose foamed glue material in a sealing masterplate engineering, by monolithic cassette beam grillage concrete floor (37), watering the stage of putting and development phase, by heat insulation its brute force, structurally need to be placed in ceiling.
Building the brick (38) of use will make with insulation template.These blocks have longitudinal prism wall (39) of the vertical opposition in two sides, and three lower transverse walls.First surface transverse wall (40), has that wall is recessed to be share as pincers.The 3rd is also the horizontal vertical wall (41) of last one side, has a tooth nail, can pincers enters the wall recessed (41) of adjacent fragment of brick.At the horizontal vertical wall (42) at center, be that the twice of last one wall is thick.This is because in laying metope, and perpendicular grooves (43) is mutually vertical corresponding forever.Transverse wall (40,41,42) than longitudinal wall (39) short 25 percent so that complete longitudinal link by horizontal channel (44).This links, and can, in setting up wallboard (46), reinforce by horizontal steel bar (45).
After wallboard completes, every the perpendicular grooves (43) at two places, the vertical reinforcing bar anchor (47) making with U-shaped steel bar can be entered.Reinforcing bar is made to the reason of anchor, is for exterior wall being mentioned, to put in building.
And there is no the perpendicular grooves of reinforcing bar, be placed into flexible canvas cloth sebific duct (48).So just, can prevent that air from overflowing.The top of sebific duct, glutinous have a rectangular metal plate, has individual bolt valve to be connected with air hose above.At the bottommost of canvas cloth sebific duct (48), there is the iron ball of 0.5 kilogram, to close perpendicular grooves (43), be also brick (38) required during for the plate of building a wall (46).Flexible canvas cloth sebific duct (48), the inside is air abrim.And the inner concrete casting that carries out of perpendicular grooves (43) is put, but have the groove of settling vertical reinforcing bar anchor (47) only, just can do this processing.
After solidification process starts, air, immediately via sebific duct (48), is discharged.And these sebific ducts can be placed into other the middle use of the plate of building a wall (46) again.
In plate (46) and the process of up building are built a wall in construction, by mentioning underground steel dowel (49), also do not water to enter the groove (43) of putting, the reinforcement bar (49) of U font is placed into immediately and not yet waters in the groove (43) of putting.Then, start to water and put at these grooves (43).So, just, can be built into the reinforced concrete wall panel of a whole mask best in quality, entirety link.Therefore, we will obtain with concrete using reinforcing bar as inner supporting structure (50), be building and the plate of building a wall (46) brick (38) used.
Confirmable, in the time that this part reports that the field of describe invention does not change, identical criterion is invented in application therewith, structure detailed rules and regulations, and technology is prepared, and the body use of invention, can, than the front example of describing displaying, do widely and use.

Claims (5)

1. the building structure of pre-casting integral wall and floor, use the expanded polystyrene (EPS) brick with red line cutting via Digit Control Machine Tool, it is characterized in that cropped foamed glue (1) has three lateral trenchs (2) and three longitudinal grooves (3).At its afterbody, there is the lateral trench (3) of individual fairly similar to be separated into two parts.Wherein the bottom of longitudinal groove (2) becomes coniform.Two opposite sides (4) and channel bottom (5) of next-door neighbour's channel bottom, formed 65 degree angles.The central part of longitudinal groove (2), there are two vertically opposite faces (6), these two faces (7) coning extend to longitudinal groove (2), extend to top, large (8) little (9) cross section between lateral trench (2) and longitudinal groove (3), lateral trench (3) is crossed longitudinal groove (2) betwixt, its bottom (10) height is identical with the bottom high (5) of longitudinal groove (2).Lateral trench (3) between longitudinal groove (2), its below also becomes coniform, is bent to the both sides (11) of bottom (10), and becomes 65 degree angles with the bottom of groove.The central part of lateral trench (3), there are two vertical opposites (12), extend to the top of lateral trench always, and to large (8) little (9) cross section between lateral trench ditch (2) and cannelure (3).The end of lateral trench (3), has the vertical thin-walled (14) and (15) of five centimeters high.Its effect, is preventing that concrete from watering the first stage outflow of putting.The foamed glue material (1) having cut, afterbody has the lateral trench that is divided into two halves., there are minimum five centimeters of thick planes (16) bottom at lateral trench (2) with longitudinal groove (3) place.In the place direction of longitudinal groove (2), in the outside of foamed glue material (1), vertical area (17) is placed between lateral trench (3).
2. the building structure of pre-casting integral wall according to claim 1 and floor, it is characterized in that, also comprise a longitudinal groove (2), between its side, bottom (5) and the opposite (4) two tool gradients, place a metal rangefinder, and means for supporting reinforcement steel bar.Its steel disc by 1,5 centimetre is formed, and the bottom section (19) at two ends leans against in the floor of longitudinal groove (3) (5).Two bottom sections of rangefinder (19) and means for supporting reinforcement steel bar (18), have formed 155 obtuse angles of spending.Two opposites (20) are formed thus.These two opposites, by a smooth foil (21), link together.Heart part, between the opposition cross section of two tool gradients (20), has a finished groove (22) therein, and object is to increase the rigidity of sheet metal (21).In rangefinder bottom section (19), sheet metal and means for supporting reinforcement steel bar (18), the 65 degree angles that tilt, become two opposites (23).So, these two opposites, will be provided with the gradient (4) of longitudinal groove (2) of rangefinder and means for supporting reinforcement steel bar in accordance with inside.Two opposites (23) that tilt, will extend to horizontal section (24).When this horizontal section is separated, some is plane (25), and another part (26) is tilted to down.Rangefinder and means for supporting reinforcement steel bar (18) are used, and reinforce with reinforcing bar bundle (27).Do like this and can strengthen, and can pressurize to the opposed part (26) of rangefinder and means for supporting reinforcement steel bar (18).The reason of doing like this, is due to its opposed smooth section (25), can avoid skidding off of reinforcing bar bundle (27).Rangefinder and means for supporting reinforcement steel bar (18), its smooth part (21) being used, reinforced (28) by extra flat steel bar.
3. the building structure of pre-casting integral wall according to claim 1 and 2 and floor, it is characterized in that, when the three groove joists (30) of partly making building version of a meter wide, and be put in (31) on bracing frame with cap successively, it is characterized in that, the three groove joists (30) of partly making floor, are formed with the foamed glue material (11) cutting.These materials, by one by one in longitudinal groove (2) put appropriate, and corresponding with longitudinal groove (2).Length part, if necessary, can be strengthened.Also can put into rangefinder and means for supporting reinforcement steel bar (18) therebetween, and reinforce with necessary reinforcing bar bundle (27).If necessary, can be again with extra steel bar (27).Three groove joists (30), have three longitudinal grooves (2).And the shaft space of lateral trench (3) has 50 centimeters.Lateral trench (3) is inner, wide along whole three groove joists (30), places transverse reinforcement (29).Then on longitudinal groove (2) and lateral trench (3), water and put.Until laterally steel bar (29) is put by the concrete casting of at least five cm thicks.Thus, in the time that the concrete of lateral trench (3) and longitudinal groove (2) the inside is curing, just can complete removable three groove joists (30) of removably partly making building version.This joist has one meter wide, and length can adjust along with the demand of building structure.On the three groove joists of partly making building version, this kind of joist laid one by one.And place extra steel mesh reinforcement (32) thereon.Whole devices, is then put with high concrete casting with longitudinal groove (2) and lateral trench (3).And the total cross-section of floor is put by five to six centimeters of thick concrete castings in addition.After concrete solidifies, just can obtain the cassette beam grillage concrete floor (37) made with foamed glue material (1).
4. according to the pre-casting integral wall described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 and the building structure of floor, it is characterized in that, when the foamed glue material (1) having cut, longitudinally, laterally placed neat by adjoining land, more than at least two, just can make one removably, pre-casting integral cassette beam grillage floor (33).Along the edge of floor, together propped up by the bracing frame on next-door neighbour wall limit with cap (31).According to this feature, pre-casting integral cassette beam floor (33), has necessary longitudinal bracing reinforcing bar bundle (27), and reinforcement bar on rangefinder (18), extra (28).Lateral trench (3) bottom, has a bottom steel bar (34) to be placed in reinforcing bar bundle (27) below.And upper steel bar (35) is vertically positioned in reinforcing bar bundle (27).Two steel bar tail ends (34) and (35), will be in the outside space of foamed glue material (1), tilts and overlaps.Manufactured monolithic cassette beam grillage floor (33), watered and put with 3/4ths high concrete concrete of lateral trench (3) by longitudinal groove (2), by extra steel mesh reinforcement (32), hang to the whole cross section of cassette beam grillage floor (33).The concrete beam of additionally reinforcing is settled into wall, and using extra reinforcing bar (36) as the rib connecting between two floors, part remaining to longitudinal groove (2) and lateral trench (3) is put with concrete casting.And pre-casting integral cassette beam grillage floor (33) is watered and puts five to six centimeters of thick concrete.So, just, can make the monolithic cassette beam grillage concrete floor (37) that adds foamed glue material (1).
5. according to the pre-casting integral wall described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 and the building structure architectural construction of floor, and according to second example, it is characterized in that, the insulation masterplate brick (38) of being made by light concrete, there is the thick longitudinally vertical relative longitudinal wall (39) of prism in two sides, and three lower transverse walls.In first surface transverse wall (40), there is a groove, can allow the tooth nail pincers of next insulation template brick enter.The 3rd horizontal vertical wall (41), is simultaneously also last one side, has a tooth nail, can pincers enters the groove (40) of adjacent fragment of brick.At the horizontal vertical wall of that face (42) of centre, for last twice of facing the wall and meditating is thick, so that perpendicular grooves (43) can find it vertically corresponding forever in the time of lid wall.Transverse wall (40,41,42), than the height of longitudinal wall (39), has lacked 25 percent.Longitudinal link of making by horizontal channel, utilizes horizontal steel bar (45) to reinforce.In the time building wallboard (46), in the wallboard of completion, in the perpendicular grooves (43) at two places, can be placed into a U font steel bar (47).This reinforcing bar is taken as an anchor, for exterior wall is winched to works by building site.In perpendicular grooves (43) the inside of not placing U word reinforcing bar (47), can be placed into canvas cloth sebific duct (48).The tail end of sebific duct top, can be affixed with metal rectangle screw valve plate, and do and be connected with air hose.And in the bottom of resilient waterproof sebific duct (48), have the steel ball of 0.5 kilogram weight.Object is to close perpendicular grooves (43), used during for the plate of building a wall (46) to build insulation masterplate brick (38).And can put with concrete casting every the perpendicular grooves (43) at two places, and put into vertical reinforcing bar (47).So, on steel concrete, build and settle the plate of building a wall (46) in building structure.The perpendicular grooves (43) of building structure the inside is put concrete as do not watered, put into vertical reinforcing bar (49).At the building of each construction, these perpendicular grooves can be put by concrete casting, to make the concrete plate (46) of building a wall.Braced structures is made with concrete and rebar (50) in this wall version inside, and the insulation masterplate brick (38) made from light weight concrete construction builds up.
CN201180072656.9A 2011-08-03 2011-09-01 Pre-casting integral wall and the building structure of floor CN103797197B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RS20110350A RS54106B1 (en) 2011-08-03 2011-08-03 Process of building structures of prefabricated monolithic walls and precast floor slabs
RSP-2011/350 2011-08-03
PCT/RS2011/000013 WO2013019134A1 (en) 2011-08-03 2011-09-01 Building structure of pre-cast monolithic walls and interfloor slabs

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103797197A true CN103797197A (en) 2014-05-14
CN103797197B CN103797197B (en) 2016-09-07

Family

ID=45531518

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201180072656.9A CN103797197B (en) 2011-08-03 2011-09-01 Pre-casting integral wall and the building structure of floor

Country Status (4)

Country Link
EP (1) EP2739799A1 (en)
CN (1) CN103797197B (en)
RS (1) RS54106B1 (en)
WO (1) WO2013019134A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110506146A (en) * 2017-03-29 2019-11-26 安东·马西莫·加卢乔 It is attached with the insulating materials plate of reinforcer
WO2020016531A1 (en) * 2018-07-17 2020-01-23 Constructions Composites Bois Plate and slab intended for creating a floor or a wall and methods for producing a plate and a slab of this kind

Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ITMI20121022A1 (en) * 2012-06-12 2012-09-11 Dst Const Ltd MODULAR EXPANDED EXPANDED POLYSTYRENE ELEMENT FOR THE FORMATION OF STALLS IN THE REINFORCED CONCRETE CONVEYOR AND REINFORCED CONCRETE FLOOR INCLUDING A PLURALITY OF THESE MODULAR ELEMENTS.
WO2015067826A1 (en) * 2013-11-06 2015-05-14 Clever Inversiones Urbanisticas, S.L. Method of producing building shuttering with concrete structure in situ
ITRM20130697A1 (en) * 2013-12-18 2015-06-19 Ediltravet Srl Procedure for the assembly and construction of a flat or inclined floor for civil and industrial use, with mono or bi-directional reinforcement, and means for its implementation
FR3020646A1 (en) * 2014-04-30 2015-11-06 Said Nasri Building element
CN104141358A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-11-12 上海交通大学 Mortar-free self-embedded masonry structure system and building comprising system
CN104164974B (en) * 2014-07-31 2016-09-21 范创新 Building casting method and use thereof pour mold system
WO2016183607A1 (en) * 2015-05-18 2016-11-24 Conrock Australia Pty Ltd Ultimate (eco) floor system
CN106245842B (en) * 2016-09-14 2018-07-10 南京工业大学 The wood cement board and its processing method of a kind of multilayered structure
CN109653418A (en) * 2018-12-10 2019-04-19 湖南三快而居住宅工业有限公司 Laminated floor slab transportation resources and laminated floor slab
EP3744919A1 (en) * 2019-05-29 2020-12-02 Briqueteries de Ploegsteert SA An improved pre-fabricated lightweight joist for constructing concrete floors

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0487345A2 (en) * 1990-11-22 1992-05-27 Stephanus Petrus Naude Building block
US5172532A (en) * 1988-04-01 1992-12-22 Gibbar Jr James H Prefabricated polymer building wall panels
US20060075707A1 (en) * 2004-10-13 2006-04-13 Plastedil S.A. Floor structure
CN2931628Y (en) * 2006-07-27 2007-08-08 曾凡玉 Hollow building-block
EP2146017A1 (en) * 2008-07-18 2010-01-20 Beletto AG Component for floor or roof slabs and method for manufacturing a component
CN102472046A (en) * 2009-07-17 2012-05-23 诺阿莱斯·奥利弗,何塞·拉蒙 Floor slab

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR1602029A (en) 1968-12-31 1970-09-28
IT1265542B1 (en) 1993-10-05 1996-11-22 Ntc Srl Prefabricated element for the construction of building floors.
IT1302499B1 (en) 1998-09-18 2000-09-05 Domenico Sambataro Disposable formwork for floors
US6817150B1 (en) 2003-03-20 2004-11-16 Patrick E. Boeshart Form system for poured concrete
ITRM20040340A1 (en) * 2004-07-09 2004-10-09 Sicilferro Torrenovese S R L Reinforcement formwork, in particular for the construction of crossed reinforcement floors, and related floor.
ME00560B (en) 2005-11-15 2011-12-20 Milan Kekanović The possibility of special lightening insulating and reinforceing intermediate floor conctrctions
WO2011073731A1 (en) * 2009-12-17 2011-06-23 Marco Manganello Disposable formwork for making concrete floors

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5172532A (en) * 1988-04-01 1992-12-22 Gibbar Jr James H Prefabricated polymer building wall panels
EP0487345A2 (en) * 1990-11-22 1992-05-27 Stephanus Petrus Naude Building block
US20060075707A1 (en) * 2004-10-13 2006-04-13 Plastedil S.A. Floor structure
CN2931628Y (en) * 2006-07-27 2007-08-08 曾凡玉 Hollow building-block
EP2146017A1 (en) * 2008-07-18 2010-01-20 Beletto AG Component for floor or roof slabs and method for manufacturing a component
CN102472046A (en) * 2009-07-17 2012-05-23 诺阿莱斯·奥利弗,何塞·拉蒙 Floor slab

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110506146A (en) * 2017-03-29 2019-11-26 安东·马西莫·加卢乔 It is attached with the insulating materials plate of reinforcer
WO2020016531A1 (en) * 2018-07-17 2020-01-23 Constructions Composites Bois Plate and slab intended for creating a floor or a wall and methods for producing a plate and a slab of this kind
FR3084092A1 (en) * 2018-07-17 2020-01-24 Constructions Composites Bois PLATE AND SLAB FOR MAKING A FLOOR OR WALL AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING SUCH PLATES AND SLAB

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP2739799A1 (en) 2014-06-11
RS54106B1 (en) 2015-10-30
WO2013019134A1 (en) 2013-02-07
CN103797197B (en) 2016-09-07
RS20110350A1 (en) 2013-02-28

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
EP1123449B1 (en) Volumetric modular building system
EP1325991B1 (en) Method for manufacturing a floor of concrete and shuttering slab for use therein
CN106351375B (en) Stress island assembled cavity floor
US5881524A (en) Composite building system and method of manufacturing same and components therefore
US6321498B1 (en) Formwork for building walls
US9388561B2 (en) Modular construction mold apparatus and method for constructing concrete buildings and structures
US20120159889A1 (en) Interlocking masonry block
CA2801735C (en) An apparatus and method for construction of structures utilizing insulated concrete forms
BG61881B1 (en) Steel sheet building component, method for its preparation and method for making a civil engineering building prefabricated panel using this component
CN103046746B (en) Construction method of conversion beam reinforcing bars for tall building structure
KR100681308B1 (en) Insulated concrete structure using reinforced pressed cement and metal stud
US20120090260A1 (en) Prefabricated compound masonry units
GB2060026A (en) Building blocks
CN203080705U (en) Concrete post-cast strip supporting top
EP2021555B1 (en) Concrete beam
CN106013567A (en) Fabricated stressed island reinforced concrete cavity floor system
CN106013455B (en) A kind of manufacture of Prefabricated composite steel reinforcement cage component assembly method, reinforced concrete structure body method of construction
CN103469825A (en) Prefabricated water-resistant post-pouring belt formwork and installation method
EP1007799B1 (en) Building panel for use in the construction of buildings
CN105839823B (en) A kind of hollow superposed floor of close rib of truss-like
US5373675A (en) Composite building system and method of manufacturing same and components therefor
CN107780576A (en) A kind of assembled architecture bottom composite floor and its connected mode
CN106284653B (en) A kind of construction method that balcony construct capital interspaces in advance
US20080216445A1 (en) Monolithic Buildings and Construction Technology
CN1408970A (en) Prefabricated concrete shear wall building structure and its construction method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160907

Termination date: 20170901