CN103787791B - A kind of paddy rice continuous cropping disease resistance increasing agent - Google Patents

A kind of paddy rice continuous cropping disease resistance increasing agent Download PDF

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CN103787791B
CN103787791B CN201410027060.2A CN201410027060A CN103787791B CN 103787791 B CN103787791 B CN 103787791B CN 201410027060 A CN201410027060 A CN 201410027060A CN 103787791 B CN103787791 B CN 103787791B
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paddy rice
agent
acid
amino acids
continuous cropping
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CN103787791A (en
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石达璘
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Shandong hezhishun Industrial Co., Ltd
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石达璘
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Abstract

A kind of paddy rice continuous cropping disease resistance increasing agent relates to high-yielding rice cultivation technique. This agent comprises (weight portion proportioning): peat composed of rotten mosses 30-35, methane slag 30-35, ammonium humate 15-20, sodium metasilicate 5-8, amino acid chelated magnesium 1-3, zinc-amino acid chelate 1-3, chelating amino acids manganese 1-3, chelating amino acids boron 1-3, nitric acid rare earth 1-3, two cyanogen ammonium 0.5-3, poly-aspartic-acid 1-3, bacillus subtilis 1-2, thick spore Verticillium dahliae 1-2, seal Dong element 0.5-2. The beneficial effect that the present invention produces: owing to having strengthened fertilizer, organic input amount, in supplementing, trace element, apply appropriate agricultural rare-earth comprehensively, improved soil nutrient environment; Use lodging resistance agent sodium metasilicate, nitrogen fixation agent dihydro-amine, the short long agent poly-aspartic-acid of activation, simultaneously, apply microbial bacterial agent bacillus subtilis, thick spore Verticillium dahliae, and apply pesticide and print Dong element, paddy rice continuous cropping disease is given to the comprehensive regulation, reach the object of paddy rice continuous cropping disease resistance good quality and high output.

Description

A kind of paddy rice continuous cropping disease resistance increasing agent
Technical field:
The present invention relates to high-yielding rice cultivation technique, relate generally to paddy rice continuous cropping disease resistance increasing agent.
Background technology:
Require to add again because of the growth characteristics of paddy rice with to the harshness of environment and plough less, Rice Cropping is existed sternlyHeavy continuous cropping problem. Cause thus soil fertility nutrient shortage, unbalanced, the paddy rice underproduction. And agriculture mostlyIt is simply summed up as soil fertilizer deficiency by family, just enriches in a large number nitrogen, phosphorus, the conventional chemical fertilizer of potassium, and result causes riceIn the soil of field paddy rice required in, trace element, beneficial element extremely lack, and destroyed soil granular knotStructure, has limited rice growth, and soil has become fungi type by bacteria type gradually, and soil environment graduallyVariation. And again because of continuous cropping cause soil disease and pest particularly the harm of the disease and pest such as rhizosphere nematode increase the weight of occurred frequently,Soil profitable strain tails off and dies down, and has increased the weight of crop root and has excreted poison that to increase collection tired and produce root system from poisonDeng, overall effect, to the healthy growth of paddy rice, has caused the paddy rice underproduction, and product qualitative change is bad.
Summary of the invention:
The present invention's object, is to provide a kind of paddy rice continuous cropping disease resistance increasing agent, and its fertilizer, medicine are had both,Fertile, bacterium has both, and reaches improvement soil nutrient environment, disease environment, for paddy rice is created good growth ringBorder, obtains high yield of fine quality.
For reaching the technical scheme that foregoing invention object takes be, a kind of paddy rice continuous cropping disease resistance increasing agent by asBelow legal system is standby:
Get raw material by following weight portion proportioning:
Peat composed of rotten mosses 30-35, methane slag 30-35, ammonium humate 15-20, sodium metasilicate 5-8, chelating amino acidsMagnesium 1-3, zinc-amino acid chelate 1-3, chelating amino acids manganese 1-3, chelating amino acids boron 1-3, nitreAcid rare earth 1-3, dicyandiamide 0.5-3, poly-aspartic-acid 1-3, bacillus subtilis 1-2, thick sporeVerticillium dahliae 1-2, nimbin (3% missible oil) 0.5-2.
Its preparation method is:
The peat composed of rotten mosses, methane slag are pulverized, are crossed 20---60 mesh sieves. Above-mentioned peat composed of rotten mosses powder, biogas ground-slag, corruption are plantedAcid ammonium, sodium metasilicate, amino acid chelated magnesium, zinc-amino acid chelate, chelating amino acids manganese, chelating amino acidsBoron, nitric acid rare earth, dicyandiamide, poly-aspartic-acid, bacillus subtilis, all raw materials of thick spore Verticillium dahliaeAdd in mixer and mix, puddle time 10-15 minute. Nimbin (3% missible oil) is added to 2The dilution of times water, above-mentioned puddle process in by nimbin aqueous solution air pump atomizing spray in material, willThe material of puddling is poured extrusion shaping machine into, and extrusion molding obtains finished product.
In this paddy rice continuous cropping disease resistance increasing agent formula, adopt:
The peat composed of rotten mosses, it is a kind of pure natural organic material, is rich in the multiple elements such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, manganese,Can be paddy growth abundant organic matter, cellulose, humic acid etc. are provided, can improved soil nodule structure,Regulate soil pH value, improve the gas permeability of soil, fertilizer conservation water-retaining property, and it is raw to improve soil beneficial bacteriumLong breeding environment, increases beneficial organism Microflora in soil, and short root is multiple to be reached, robust plant, goodGrowth, strengthens paddy rice anti contravariance and improves output.
Methane slag, is the residue that straw, human and animal excreta are detested hair care ferment in methane-generating pit, contains comprehensivelyNutrient and abundant organic matter, wherein part is converted to for humic acid substance, is that a kind of high-quality hasMachine is rotten fertile. There is the effect of improved soil nodule structure, can be Soil Microorganism activity energy thing is providedMatter, accelerates beneficial microbe partial circulating process in soil, and soil fertility is improved, and methane slag also has oneDetermine kill insects effect.
Ammonium humate, is a kind of efficient, multifunctional organic fertilizer, except providing to plant growth nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium,Also supplement a large amount of organic matters, improved soil nodule structure, improves soil exchange energy capacity, regulates soil pHValue, complexing reduces the noxious materials such as Pesticide Residue in Soil heavy metal, improves biological flora in soil, is applicable to havingBenefit bacteria growing, breeding. Can promote seed early to germinate, emergence rate is high, and seedling root of hair is fast, and root is multiple to be reached,Robust plant, photosynthesis is strong, increases the absorption of nutrient, improves output.
Sodium metasilicate, effect resistant to lodging, because element silicon can participate in rice plant cell wall components, strengthens the machine of organizingTool strength and stability, makes rice straw more have intensity and elasticity, and its lodging tolerance is strengthened, can be moreThe good invasion of resisting disease and pest, meanwhile, can promote to increase the absorptivity of nitrogen phosphorus potassium, strengthens photosynthesis,Increasing rice yield and Sheng meter leads.
Apply amino acid chelated magnesium, zinc-amino acid chelate, chelating amino acids manganese, chelating amino acids boron, pass throughPlant absorbs amino acid whose approach and enriches trace element magnesium, zinc, manganese, boron.
Nitric acid rare earth, has the effect of similar trace element, can promote seed germination, short root growth, short lightCooperation is used, the absorption of short crop to nitrogen, phosphorus, the conventional fertilizer of potassium, is one plant growth safely and effectivelyConditioning agent and increasing agent, facts have proved, uses agricultural rare-earth effect of increasing production more than 10%.
Dicyandiamide, this agent can effectively suppress the activity of the nitrated class flora in paddy soil, reduces the pouring of nitrogenBathe and run off and volatilization, fixed nitrogen performance is good, can improve nitrogen utilization efficiency, improves rice yield.
Poly-aspartic-acid is a kind of new-type fertilizer synergist, can activate nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, boron, zinc, iron,The nutrient such as manganese, magnesium, strengthening crop to nitrogen phosphorus potassium and in, trace element comprehensive absorption, minimizingizationFertile loss, improves chemical fertilizer utilization ratio. Promote the growth of rice root network, greatly improve rice absorbing and supportThe ability of dividing, strengthens paddy rice anti contravariance, improves photosynthetic rate, promotes that the many fringes of Rice Panicle are large, increases by thousandHeavy.
Biological bactericide bacillus subtilis, is the dominant strain of the micro-ecology of plant rhizosphere, can produce by inducing plantRaw multiple Anti-bacterium, antiviral immunity material, can secrete and multiple plant pathogenic fungi be had to antagonismSecondary metabolism activated product, the secreted toxin of paddy rice continuous cropping self is had to decomposition. Can purify rice fieldWater quality, suppresses the breeding of harmful algae and pathogenic microorganism, promotes beneficial microbe growth. Self growsIn process, can synthesize various active enzyme and vitamin, amino acids material, have promote plant growth,Decompose noxious materials such as discharging nutrient in soil, degrading nitrite and hydrogen sulfide, balance soil pH value,Improve paddy rice resistance and output.
Thick spore Verticillium dahliae, is a kind of microbial insecticide, is " natural enemy " of various plants nematode, is plant lineThe main pesticide of the biochemical control of worm, sprouts after thick spore Verticillium dahliae spore is manured into soil in a large number, forms real silkNet, optionally identifies the female worm of nematode and worm's ovum, and to its infect, parasitism. The female worm quilt of nematodeDead after parasitic, reduce the breeding of nematode, line eggs can not be hatched after by parasitism.
Nimbin is a kind of natural insecticide of broad-spectrum high efficacy, in being manured into soil, can be absorbed and carry by rice rootIn cauline leaf, make whole strain paddy rice there is the insect resistace of stomach toxicity food refusal, suppress growing of insect.
The beneficial effect that the present invention produces:
This agent is owing to having strengthened fertilizer, organic input amount, in supplementing, trace element, applies suitable comprehensivelyAmount agricultural rare-earth, thereby improvement soil nutrient environment; Use lodging resistance agent sodium metasilicate, nitrogen fixation agent dihydro-amine,Activation grow promoting machine poly-aspartic-acid, applies microbial bacterial agent bacillus subtilis, the thick spore of biological insecticidesVerticillium dahliae, applies natural insecticide nimbin, takes effect of integrated pest management good to paddy rice continuous cropping disease, reachesTo paddy rice high-quality volume increase object.
Specific embodiment:
To produce 1000 kilograms of paddy rice continuous cropping disease resistance increasing agents as example, get:
300 kilograms of the peats composed of rotten mosses, 300 kilograms of methane slags, 160 kilograms of ammonium humates, sodium metasilicate 60, amino acidChelated magnesium 20,20 kilograms of zinc-amino acid chelates, 20 kilograms, chelating amino acids manganese, chelating amino acids boron 20Kilogram, 20 kilograms of nitric acid rare earths, 20 kilograms of dicyandiamides, 20 kilograms of poly-aspartic-acids, withered grass gemma15 kilograms of bacillus, 15 kilograms of thick spore Verticillium dahliaes, 10 kilograms of nimbins (3% missible oil).
The peat composed of rotten mosses, methane slag are pulverized, are crossed 20---60 mesh sieves.
By above-mentioned peat composed of rotten mosses powder, biogas ground-slag, ammonium humate, sodium metasilicate, amino acid chelated magnesium, amino acid chelaClose zinc, chelating amino acids manganese, chelating amino acids boron, nitric acid rare earth, dicyandiamide, poly-aspartic-acid,Bacillus subtilis, all raw materials of thick spore Verticillium dahliae add in mixer and mix, and puddle time 10-15Minute.
Nimbin (3% missible oil) is added to 2 times of water (20 kilograms) dilutions, will print chinaberry above-mentioned in puddling processThe element aqueous solution in material, is poured the material of puddling into extrusion shaping machine with air pump atomizing spray, extrudesMoulding obtains finished product.
Finished product meter gross weight is 1020 kilograms.

Claims (1)

1. a paddy rice continuous cropping disease resistance increasing agent, is characterized in that, by the following method preparation:
(1) get raw material by following weight portion proportioning:
Peat composed of rotten mosses 30-35, methane slag 30-35, ammonium humate 15-20, sodium metasilicate 5-8, chelating amino acidsMagnesium 1-3, zinc-amino acid chelate 1-3, chelating amino acids manganese 1-3, chelating amino acids boron 1-3, nitreAcid rare earth 1-3, dicyandiamide 0.5-3, poly-aspartic-acid 1-3, bacillus subtilis 1-2, thick sporeThe emulsifiable concentrate nimbin 0.5-2 that Verticillium dahliae 1-2, concentration are 3%,
(2) its preparation method is:
The peat composed of rotten mosses, methane slag are pulverized, are crossed 20---60 mesh sieves,
By above-mentioned peat composed of rotten mosses powder, biogas ground-slag, ammonium humate, sodium metasilicate, amino acid chelated magnesium, amino acid chelaClose zinc, chelating amino acids manganese, chelating amino acids boron, nitric acid rare earth, dicyandiamide, poly-aspartic-acid,Bacillus subtilis, thick spore Verticillium dahliae add in mixer and mix, and puddle time 10-15 minute,
The emulsifiable concentrate nimbin that is 3% by concentration adds the dilution of 2 times of water, above-mentioned puddle process in by nimbin waterSolution in material, is poured the material of puddling into extrusion shaping machine, extrusion molding with air pump atomizing sprayObtain finished product.
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CN104829387A (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-08-12 唐兴龙 Paddy rice disease-resistant fertilizer
CN104909876B (en) * 2015-05-20 2017-10-24 中国海洋石油总公司 A kind of special controlled release fertilizer for rice planted based on the continuous cropping of rice dish and preparation method thereof
CN104927873A (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-09-23 耿跃 Seedlings field soil conditioner and preparation method thereof
US20190124917A1 (en) * 2016-04-21 2019-05-02 Koch Agronomic Services, Llc Microbial inoculant compositions and uses thereof
CN106258301B (en) * 2016-07-22 2019-06-18 临沧道地中药材种植科技有限公司 A kind of underwood planting method of paris polyphylla
CN106220391A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-12-14 左邦庆 Paddy rice-dedicated fertilizer
CN106472571A (en) * 2016-09-22 2017-03-08 黑龙江八农垦大学 A kind of root type bacteria agent containing ammonium humate and its using method
CN107241927A (en) * 2017-06-13 2017-10-13 聊城职业技术学院 Siliceous fertilizer fertilizing method based on improvement greenhouse continuous cropping cucumber soil microenvironment
CN107540476A (en) * 2017-09-28 2018-01-05 三门峡龙飞生物工程有限公司 A kind of full water-soluble bio-organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN109336706A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-02-15 哈尔滨尼亚农业有限公司 A kind of soil conditioner resistant to lodging and preparation method thereof suitable for rice

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CN102910980A (en) * 2012-10-11 2013-02-06 丁克学 Foliar fertilizer for controlling various physiological diseases of crops

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CN102276366A (en) * 2011-06-29 2011-12-14 安徽瑞然生物药肥科技有限公司 Special-purpose liquid pesticide-containing fertilizer for paddy rice and preparation method thereof
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Effective date of registration: 20201223

Address after: No.66, Xulou administrative village south, Wangji Town, Cao County, Heze City, Shandong Province, 274400

Patentee after: Shandong hezhishun Industrial Co., Ltd

Address before: 408, unit 4, 57 / F, 167 Changzhou Road, Pingdu City, Shandong Province 266700

Patentee before: Shi Dalin

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