CN103782958B - The one-touch plant modification domesticating method of a kind of frog Ecology - Google Patents

The one-touch plant modification domesticating method of a kind of frog Ecology Download PDF

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CN103782958B
CN103782958B CN201410059223.5A CN201410059223A CN103782958B CN 103782958 B CN103782958 B CN 103782958B CN 201410059223 A CN201410059223 A CN 201410059223A CN 103782958 B CN103782958 B CN 103782958B
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pond
frog
culturing pool
tadpole
froglet
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CN103782958A (en
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彭锴
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LONGNAN SOURCE RUNNING WATER ECOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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LONGNAN SOURCE RUNNING WATER ECOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The one-touch plant modification domesticating method of a kind of frog Ecology, comprises cultivation water source, facility and ecologic breeding.Water source is made up of subterranean tunnel formula pond, filtering ponds, insulation soil layer, single flow ultraviolet sterilizer; Culturing pool comprises You Liangchu phytal zone, cuboid pond, a profundal zone, place and a Chu Chenwu district, and the corner at the bottom of pond has above cave, cave and has food platform, and food platform broadside has a upper and lower ramp.There is down eaves above pool wall, eaves has an angle adjustable feed cock; Any hormone is not added in cultivation, plants when the frog enters pond and soaks point kind of a sterilization by the edible salt water of 3%, tadpole, froglet and sterilize with 5% saline solution or lime water full pool spilling head for during becoming the frog every 10-15 days; Make cartridge bag with Chinese herbal medicines such as gall nut, cordate houttuynia, punching companies to be at ordinary times placed in pond and to prevent pathology and sterilization, within every 20 days, change dressings bag once; By culturing pool 0.48 cubic metre calculating, gall nut 20-50 gram, cordate houttuynia 20-38 gram, Herba Andrographitis 20-35 gram.

Description

The one-touch plant modification domesticating method of a kind of frog Ecology
Technical field
The present invention relates to special aquaculture technical field, the one-touch plant modification domesticating method of especially a kind of frog Ecology.
Background technology
Ranaspinosa David, is commonly called as the stone frog, chukar, Shan Keng, the rock frog, stone squama and stone clam etc.Be mainly be distributed in a kind of rare amphibian inhabited in remote, thickly forested mountains mountain stream streams of China, list in " Chinese animals on the brink of extinction Red Data Book ".Mainly be distributed in province, the autonomous regions such as China Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan, Fujian, Hubei, Hunan, Anhui and Jiangxi.The laudatory title that Ranaspinosa David have " in the frog queen ".Be the distinctive large edible frog of China, pure white tender and crisp, tasty, nutritious, the refrigerant nourishing of its meat, be rich in protein, multivitamin and mineral matter.Since ancient times, it is exactly one of the famous and precious raw treasure in imperial imperial palace, and being referred to as the precious game of " longevity of food, medicinalization sore " by people, is also one meat and fish dishes in state banquet, and it is edible and medical value is high especially.It has very high research and use value at agricultural, industry and medical domain simultaneously.Current Ranaspinosa David life condition worsens, and people is serious for excessively capturing phenomenon, and wild stocks quantity sharply declines, and carries out protection of resources and the stock enhancement of Ranaspinosa David, and rational exploitation and utilization Ranaspinosa David resource, seem quite important.Only greatly develop artificial breeding and raise and train Ranaspinosa David, could enrich " vegetables-basket ", meet the needs that people eat frog meat.Artificial breeding raises and train Ranaspinosa David water consumption greatly, and facility cost is high, and disease is many, and survival rate is low, forms commodity and becomes the frog to need more than 3 years, can not meet the demand in market completely.Therefore, be badly in need of providing a kind of new technical scheme to solve the problems referred to above.
Chinese invention patent (CN103004692 A) discloses a kind of Ranaspinosa David cultural method, but its breeding facility is complicated, water quality is difficult to regulation and control, water temperature needs other thermal source to add temperature control, and often cultivation still needs to add the hormonal medicaments such as terramycin for 10 days, do not reach the effect of natural, ecological cultivation Ranaspinosa David.
Especially at present artificial bionic state cultivates wild Ranaspinosa David and Rana boulengeri etc., all need to build the whole process that six kinds of Chi Caineng such as kind of frog pond, spawning pond, hatchery, tadpole pond, froglet pond, grown frog pool complete cultivation, and the turning pond and will produce emergency reaction of each cultivating link, cause frog's egg, tadpole, froglet and become frog disability in various degree, the incidence of disease is high, and survival rate is low.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiency of existing wild frog cultivation, the invention provides a kind of water quality pure pollution-free, water consumption is few, without the need to using Energy control water temperature, and is more tending towards the aquaculture water source apparatus of natural, ecological; Any hormone is not added in breeding process; To cultivating into baby only to use an industrial aquaculture pond from the frog lays eggs; The cultivation overall process of the frog is in the one-touch plant modification domesticating method of natural bionic state state substantially.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: the present invention is the one-touch plant modification domesticating method of a kind of frog Ecology, comprise frog cultivation water regulation pond (hereinafter referred to as regulation and control pond) construction, frog industrial aquaculture pond (hereinafter referred to as culturing pool) is built, the one-touch plant modification of the frog (hereinafter referred to as the frog) Ecology is raised and train, cultivation flow process is:
First Year March to June selects kind of the frog and cultivation, and------First Year tadpole in June to August is cultivated, and------First Year December is to the hibernation of froglet in March in the coming year, and---froglet in December is cultivated further in Second Year first arrival in March---150g becomes the frog---Second Year starts the ecologic breeding commodity frog and go on the market December, it is characterized in that for the metamorphosis of First Year tadpole in August to November and the cultivation of froglet for the laying eggs and hatch about 20 days of fertilized egg.
(1) the regulation and control pond described in is built:
Be made up of subterranean tunnel formula pond, filtering ponds, insulation soil layer, single flow ultraviolet sterilizer;
The one end in described subterranean tunnel formula pond arranges a vertical water inlet pipe, and the bottom of other one end, subterranean tunnel formula pond is supported by filter course and is disjunctor at the bottom of filtering ponds pond;
Described filtering ponds comprise upper and lower two parts, and top is divided into filter course, and bottom is divided into reservoir bed;
Described insulation soil layer is piled up in above subterranean tunnel formula pond, and single flow ultraviolet sterilizer is connected on outlet pipe;
One regulation and control pond described above, is characterized in that:
Face, pond, tunnel type pond is descended in face, filtering ponds pond above Ground, face, pond, subterranean tunnel formula pond is provided with subterranean tunnel formula pond manhole, subterranean tunnel formula pond manhole is provided with seal cover board I, and face, filtering ponds pond is provided with filtering ponds manhole, filtering ponds manhole is provided with seal cover board II; Upper part filter course arranges drilled base plate, cobblestone filter course is set above drilled base plate, charcoal filtering layer is set above cobblestone filter course, rough sand filter course is set above charcoal filtering layer, middle husky filter course is set above rough sand filter course, cobblestone pressure sand bed is set above middle husky filter course, above cobblestone pressure sand bed, an outlet pipe and a backwashed filtering layer water inlet pipe are set;
Be provided with heavy dirty pond in pool wall in the outer part at the bottom of lower part reservoir bed pond, at the bottom of heavy pond, dirty pond, be provided with blow-off pipe.
(2) frog industrial aquaculture pond described in is built:
By cuboid pond, profundal zone, phytal zone I, phytal zone II, eats platform ramp up and down, food platform, cave, Chen Wu district, blow-off pipe, adjustable-angle feed cock, eaves, and elbow is straight-through, and band filter screen drain pipe formed;
Described top, cuboid pond is a rectangular shape, and bottom is pot shape shape, You Yichenwu district in the middle of pot shape;
Two phytal zones, place are had, a profundal zone, place and a Chu Chenwu district in cuboid pond; Two phytal zones are respectively at the bottom of pond, pond and the food platform left side, and two is profundal zone in the middle of phytal zones, and the center of profundal zone is Chen Wu district;
Cuboid pond right corner has a food platform, and have about one food platform ramp by the right pool wall in cuboid pond, food platform and up and down food platform ramp and You Chi angle, cuboid pond form a cave;
There is down eaves above the surrounding pool wall of cuboid pond, falling on the side of eaves to have an adjustable-angle feed cock;
A kind of culturing pool described above, is characterized in that: profundal zone is Rotary-table shape, and Rotary-table upper bottom surface diameter length is pond bottom width degree;
A kind of culturing pool described above, it is characterized in that: top, Chen Wu district is divided into cylindrical shape, its underpart is Rotary-table shape, Rotary-table bottom surface has straight-through, straight-through upper vertical is equipped with a band filter screen drain pipe, and a blow-off pipe is arranged at straight-through bottom, and blow-off pipe is until outside cuboid pond, blow-off pipe outside cuboid pond has an adjustable-angle elbow, fixes cuboid pond middle water level height by band screen pack drainpipe and drainpipe simultaneously.
(3) the one-touch plant modification of frog Ecology described in is raised and train, and cultivation step is as follows:
The cultivation water regulation pond of step 1 frog is built;
The culturing pool construction of step 2 frog;
Step 3 connects water source: be communicated with frog regulation and control pond and culturing pool water source;
Step 4 wash pool is sterilized: annual March to April, when temperature gos up to about 16 DEG C, by culturing pool according to every 1 cubic metre by quicklime 100 grams of ratios, soak and after 1 day, pond cleaned up;
Step 5 regulates water level: by culturing pool band filter screen drain pipe and blow-off pipe phytal zone water lev el control between 15cm-20cm;
Step 6 adjusts water (flow) direction and flow: regulate angle of current and direction to make Chi Shuineng slow circumvolve in culturing pool by culturing pool adjustable-angle feed cock;
Step 7 selects kind of the frog and cultivation: select more than a pair three ages, body weight is more than 150 grams, and the colour of skin is close, and without wound without residual anosis, physically well develop, be about to a pair male and female Ranaspinosa David kind frog laid eggs, the saline solution with 3% puts into a culturing pool after soaking 15 minutes.When water temperature is gone up to 18 DEG C-23 DEG C, yellow mealworm, earthworm are invested on food platform or in pond, throw in fresh and alive small fish, loach bait by every day at dusk, and daily ration, feeding quantity is 3%-5% of frog body weight, guarantees the nutrition of kind of the frog;
Step 8 is laid eggs and is hatched: after laying eggs to June March, kind of the frog is grabbed in time from culturing pool from.Frog's egg generally sticks in culturing pool pool wall or cave, and quantity, at 300-600, does not move pieces of an egg, and with 3%-5% saline solution or the lime water full pool spilling head disinfection mould-proof bacterium with 5g-10g/m3, within about 20 days, hatch tadpole, incubation rate reaches 60%-90%;
The cultivation of step 9 tadpole: the tadpole of 10 ages in days starts morning every day, evening throws something and feeds milk, soya-bean milk or a yolk, and feeding volume is 1%-3% of tadpole body weight.After 20 ages in days until abnormal every morning, afternoon respectively throw something and feed the vegetables or edible wild herbs of once boiling, feeding volume is 2%-3% of tadpole body weight;
The metamorphosis of step 10 tadpole and the cultivation of froglet: after tadpole metamorphosis, every day throws something and feeds once immature yellow mealworm at dusk on food platform, quantity from less to more, feeding volume is 1%-3% of body weight, 200 grams of fresh and alive dried shrimp are also put in culturing pool in every pond, guarantee the nutrition of froglet, strengthening its physique, laying the foundation for spending hibernation period smoothly;
The hibernation of step 11 froglet: annual December to the coming year March, water temperature was below 15 DEG C time, froglet stop ingest, enter cave and spend hibernation period, avoid startling it;
Step 12 becomes the cultivation of the frog: go up to 18 DEG C-23 DEG C in water temperature, when the froglet of the previous year grows to 30g-50g, every day to throw something and feed yellow mealworm, earthworm, fly maggot by 3%-5% of body weight at dusk, or in pond, drop into fresh and alive small fish, loach, the one-tenth frog of more than 150g is grown to serve as to froglet in December then;
Step 13 cultivates the prevention of damage by disease of phase:
1, the backwashed filtering layer water inlet pipe of every two weeks filtering ponds rinses filter course medium, keeps water quality pure for a long time;
2, residual bait every morning culturing pool being eaten platform is cleaned out, and rotates the direction of blow-off pipe, is discharged by the dirt in Chen Wu district outside culturing pool;
3, during tadpole, froglet and adult frog culture, sterilized with 3%-5% saline solution or lime water full pool spilling head every 10-15 days;
4, cultivating overall process all uses gall nut 20-50 grams, cordate houttuynia 20-38 grams, Herba Andrographitis 20-35 grams, dandelion 20-50 grams, folium isatidis 20-50 grams, rheum officinale 20-30 grams of six kinds of Chinese herbal medicines to make cartridge bag, be immersed in the use of pre-disease prevention and sterilization in culturing pool, within every 20 days, change dressings bag once;
Above method step is summarized as follows:
---------------adjustment water (flow) direction and flow---select kind of the frog and cultivation---lay eggs and hatch---cultivation of the tadpole---metamorphosis of tadpole and the cultivation of froglet to regulate water level in wash pool sterilization to connect water source to build culturing pool to build regulating and controlling water quality pond
---hibernation of froglet---becomes the cultivation of the frog---and cultivates the prevention of damage by disease of phase
Operate by above step, can more than 75% be reached from tadpole to one-tenth frog survival rate.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
One, the existing frog is bred kind frog pond, spawning pond, hatchery, tadpole pond, froglet pond and grown frog pool six kinds of ponds of raising and train middle use and be improved to a kind of special culturing pool with the moulding of pot shape, save Facilities Construction soil, save Facilities Construction cost, and more than and be better than the function summation in above six kinds of ponds, be different from the existing frog completely and breed and raise and train Facilities Construction pattern;
Two, cultivated animals travelling in the slow circumvolve of current and pond in culturing pool, substantially can bring into dirts such as bait residual in pond, ight soil, silts in Chen Wu district and discharge outside culturing pool with current.Adjustment water (flow) direction and increased water flow amount can make dirt in pond thoroughly clean up, both facilitate operation and in turn save artificial wash pool cost, also reduce the emergency reaction of pond life, avoid work that in existing aquaculture model, wash pool is the most loaded down with trivial details and cultivated animals is damaged the most frequently;
Three, profundal zone is provided with in culturing pool, add the cubical content of water body in pond, certain thermostatic effect can be played, also expand travelling space for tadpole and the frog, add food ration, both improve physical efficiency and turn avoid frog shape and occur " snow pear tripe " phenomenon that the thin tripe of body is large.Be provided with phytal zone and profundal zone in pond, the water level depth causes, and plants the frog and lays eggs to cultivate with hatching, tadpole and to have grown the adaptation space that it is selected with metamorphosis, froglet, complied with its habit of growth, improve survival rate.The bodily form, the wild frog of colour of skin convergence;
Four, plant the frog to lay eggs to breed to raise and train to the finished product frog and one-touchly to complete in a culturing pool, be different from the aquaculture model of the existing frog to carry out cutting that ovum turns pond, hatching turns pond, tadpole cultivates and turns the operation link that pond and young frog nursing turn pond, challenge is simplified, and the cultivation density of the frog is reasonable, water consumption is little, and morbidity is few, easy to control, evenly individual, growth is fast;
Five, sterilization and prevention from suffering from the diseases use salt, quicklime and herbal mediciment, do not have medicament residue in frog body.Throw something and feed natural bait, frog meat is excellent, the wild frog of convergence.
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the main sectional structure schematic diagram in regulating and controlling water quality pond of the present invention
Fig. 2 is one-touch culturing pool plan structure schematic diagram of the present invention
Fig. 3 is the main sectional structure schematic diagram of one-touch culturing pool of the present invention
Fig. 4 is the left sectional structure schematic diagram of one-touch culturing pool of the present invention
Fig. 5 is regulating and controlling water quality pond of the present invention and one-touch culturing pool syndeton schematic diagram
In Fig. 1-5, 1. subterranean tunnel formula pond, 2. filtering ponds, 3. be incubated soil layer, 4. single flow ultraviolet sterilizer, 5. subterranean tunnel formula pond manhole, 6. filtering ponds manhole, 7. seal cover board I, 8. seal cover board II, 9. outlet pipe, 10. water inlet pipe, 11. filter courses, 12. filtering ponds water inlet layers, 13. band filtering ponds hole base plates, 14. cobblestone filter courses, 15. charcoal filtering layers, 16. coarse sand filter courses, husky filter course in 17, 18. cobblestone pressure sand beds, 19. backwashed filtering layer water inlet pipes, 20. heavy dirty ponds, 21 blow-off pipes, 22. filter courses support, 23. cuboid ponds, 24. profundal zones, 25. phytal zones I, 26. phytal zones II, about 27. food platform ramps, 28. food platforms, 29. caves, 30. Chen Wu districts, 31. blow-off pipes, 32. adjustable-angle feed cocks, 33. fall eaves, 34. elbows, 35. lead directly to, 36. band filter screen drain pipes.
Embodiment
embodiment 1
Referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 5, the present invention is the one-touch plant modification domesticating method of a kind of Ranaspinosa David Ecology, and comprise Ranaspinosa David regulation and control pond construction, the construction of Ranaspinosa David culturing pool, the one-touch plant modification of Ranaspinosa David Ecology raise and train, cultivation flow process is:
First Year March to June selects kind of the frog and cultivation---the laying eggs and hatch about 20 days of fertilized egg---and First Year tadpole in June to August is cultivated---metamorphosis of First Year tadpole in August to November and the cultivation of froglet---First Year December is to the hibernation of froglet in March in the coming year---and froglet in December is cultivated further in Second Year first arrival in March---150g becomes the frog---Second Year starts the ecologic breeding commodity frog and go on the market December, it is characterized in that:
(1) the Ranaspinosa David regulation and control pond described in is built:
Be made up of subterranean tunnel formula pond 1, filtering ponds 2, insulation soil layer 3, single flow ultraviolet sterilizer 4;
The one end in described subterranean tunnel formula pond 1 arranges a vertical water inlet pipe 10, and it is disjunctor that the bottom of other one end, subterranean tunnel formula pond 1 supports at the bottom of 22 and filtering ponds 2 pond by filter course;
Described filtering ponds 2 comprise upper and lower two parts, and top is divided into filter course 11, and bottom is divided into reservoir bed 12;
Described insulation soil layer 3 is piled up in above subterranean tunnel formula pond 1, and single flow ultraviolet sterilizer 4 is connected on outlet pipe 9;
One regulation and control pond described above, face, pond, tunnel type pond 1 is descended in face, filtering ponds 2 pond above Ground, face, pond, subterranean tunnel formula pond is provided with subterranean tunnel formula pond manhole 5, subterranean tunnel formula pond manhole 5 is provided with seal cover board I 7, face, filtering ponds 2 pond is provided with filtering ponds manhole 6, filtering ponds manhole 6 is provided with seal cover board II 8;
Upper part filter course 11 arranges drilled base plate 13, cobblestone filter course 14 is set above drilled base plate 13, charcoal filtering layer 15 is set above cobblestone filter course 14, rough sand filter course 16 is set above charcoal filtering layer 15, middle husky filter course 17 is set above rough sand filter course 16, cobblestone pressure sand bed 18 is set above middle husky filter course 17, above cobblestone pressure sand bed 18, outlet pipe 9 and a backwashed filtering layer water inlet pipe 19 is set;
Be provided with heavy dirty pond 20 in pool wall in the outer part at the bottom of lower part reservoir bed 12 pond, at the bottom of heavy pond, dirty pond 20, be provided with blow-off pipe 21.
(2) frog culturing pool described in is built:
By cuboid pond 23, profundal zone 24, phytal zone I 25, phytal zone II 26, eats platform ramp 27 up and down, food platform 28, cave 29, Chen Wu district 30, blow-off pipe 31, adjustable-angle feed cock 32, eaves 33, elbow 34, and straight-through 35, band filter screen drain pipe 36 formed;
Described top, cuboid pond 23 is a rectangular shape, and bottom is pot shape shape, You Yichenwu district 30 in the middle of pot shape;
Phytal zone I 25 and profundal zone, place, phytal zone II 26, one 24 and a Chu Chenwu district 30 is had in cuboid pond 23; Phytal zone I 25 is the left side at the bottom of pond, cuboid pond 23, and phytal zone II 26 is on food platform 28 left side, and be profundal zone 24 in the middle of phytal zone I 25 and phytal zone II 26, the center of profundal zone 24 is Chen Wu district 30;
Cuboid pond 23 right corner has a food platform 28, has about one food platform ramp 27 by the right pool wall in cuboid pond 23, and food platform 28 and up and down food platform ramp 27 form a cave 29 with You Chi angle, cuboid pond 23;
There is down eaves 33 above the surrounding pool wall of cuboid pond 23, falling on the side of eaves 33 to have an adjustable-angle feed cock 32;
Cuboid pond 23 described above, is characterized in that: profundal zone 24 is Rotary-table shape, and Rotary-table upper bottom surface diameter length is pond bottom width degree;
Cuboid pond 23 described above, it is characterized in that: top, Chen Wu district 30 is divided into cylindrical shape, its underpart is Rotary-table shape, Rotary-table bottom surface has straight-through 35, straight-through 35 upper vertical are equipped with a band filter screen drain pipe 36, and a blow-off pipe 31 is arranged at straight-through 35 bottoms, and blow-off pipe 31 passes straight through to outside cuboid pond 23, the blow-off pipe 31 of outside, cuboid pond 23 has an adjustable-angle elbow 34, fixes cuboid pond middle water level height by band screen pack drainpipe 36 and blow-off pipe 31 simultaneously.
(3) the one-touch plant modification of Ranaspinosa David Ecology described in is raised and train, and cultivation step is as follows:
The regulation and control pond of step 1 Ranaspinosa David is built;
The culturing pool construction of step 2 Ranaspinosa David;
Step 3 connects water source: frog regulation and control pond outlet pipe 9 is connected with culturing pool adjustable-angle feed cock 32;
Step 4 wash pool is sterilized: annual March to April, when temperature gos up to about 16 DEG C, by culturing pool according to every 1 cubic metre by quicklime 100 grams of ratios, soak and after 1 day, pond cleaned up;
Step 5 regulates water level: by culturing pool band filter screen drain pipe 36 and blow-off pipe 31 phytal zone I 25, phytal zone II 26 water lev el control between 15cm-20cm;
Step 6 adjusts water (flow) direction and flow: regulate angle of current and direction to make Chi Shuineng slow circumvolve in culturing pool by culturing pool adjustable-angle feed cock 32;
Step 7 selects the Ranaspinosa David kind frog and cultivation: select a pair three ages, body weight is at 150g-200g, and the colour of skin is close, without wound without residual anosis, physically well develop, be about to a pair male and female Ranaspinosa David kind frog laid eggs, the saline solution with 3% puts into a culturing pool after soaking 15 minutes.When water temperature is gone up to 18 DEG C-23 DEG C, yellow mealworm, earthworm are invested on food platform 28 or in pond, throw in fresh and alive small fish, loach bait by every day at dusk, and daily ration, feeding quantity is 3%-5% of frog body weight, guarantees the nutrition of the Ranaspinosa David kind frog;
Step 8 is laid eggs and is hatched: after laying eggs to June March, the Ranaspinosa David kind frog is grabbed in time from culturing pool from.Ranaspinosa David ovum generally sticks in culturing pool pool wall or cave 29, and quantity, at 350-400, does not move pieces of an egg, and with 3%-5% saline solution or with 5g-10g/m 3lime water full pool spilling head disinfection mould-proof bacterium, within about 20 days, hatch tadpole;
The cultivation of step 9 tadpole: the tadpole of 10 ages in days starts morning every day, evening throws something and feeds milk, soya-bean milk or a yolk, and feeding volume is 1%-3% of tadpole body weight.After 20 ages in days until abnormal every morning, afternoon respectively throw something and feed the vegetables or edible wild herbs of once boiling, feeding volume is 2%-3% of tadpole body weight;
The metamorphosis of step 10 tadpole and the cultivation of Ranaspinosa David froglet: after tadpole metamorphosis, every day throws something and feeds once immature yellow mealworm at dusk on food platform 28, quantity from less to more, feeding volume is 1%-3% of body weight, 200 grams of fresh and alive dried shrimp are also put in culturing pool in every pond, guarantee the nutrition of Ranaspinosa David froglet, strengthening its physique, laying the foundation for spending hibernation period smoothly;
The hibernation of step 11 Ranaspinosa David froglet: annual December to the coming year March water temperature 15 0during below C, Ranaspinosa David froglet stops ingesting, and enters cave 29 and spends hibernation period, avoid startling it;
Step 12 Ranaspinosa David becomes the cultivation of the frog: go up to 18 DEG C-23 DEG C in water temperature, when the Ranaspinosa David froglet of the previous year grows to 30g-50g, every day throws something and feeds yellow mealworm, earthworm, fly maggot on food platform 28 by 3%-5% of body weight at dusk, or in pond, dropping into fresh and alive small fish, loach, the Ranaspinosa David being grown to serve as more than 150g to Ranaspinosa David froglet in December then becomes the frog;
Step 13 cultivates the prevention of damage by disease of phase:
1, every two weeks backwashed filtering layer water inlet pipe 19 pairs of filter course 11 media rinse, and keep water quality pure for a long time;
2, residual bait every morning culturing pool being eaten platform 28 is cleaned out, and rotates the direction of blow-off pipe 31, is discharged by the dirt in Chen Wu district 30 outside culturing pool;
3, during tadpole, Ranaspinosa David froglet and Ranaspinosa David adult frog culture, sterilized with 3%-5% saline solution or lime water full pool spilling head every 10-15 days;
4, cultivating overall process all uses gall nut 20-50 grams, cordate houttuynia 20-38 grams, Herba Andrographitis 20-35 grams, dandelion 20-50 grams, folium isatidis 20-50 grams, rheum officinale 20-30 grams of six kinds of Chinese herbal medicines to make cartridge bag, be immersed in the use of pre-disease prevention and sterilization in culturing pool, within every 20 days, change dressings bag once;
Above method step is summarized as follows:
---------------adjustment water (flow) direction and flow---select kind of the frog and cultivation---lay eggs and hatch---cultivation of the tadpole---metamorphosis of tadpole and the cultivation of froglet to regulate water level in wash pool sterilization to connect water source to build culturing pool to build regulating and controlling water quality pond
---hibernation of froglet---becomes the cultivation of the frog---and cultivates the prevention of damage by disease of phase
Operate by above step, often pair three the age Ranaspinosa David kind frog, body weight is at 150g-200g, number of eggs laid is 300-400, fertilization rate is 80%-85%, and hatchability of fertile eggs is 85%-90%, and tadpole metamorphosis and survival rate is more than 70%, Ranaspinosa David froglet to Ranaspinosa David becomes frog survival rate more than 80%, two age Ranaspinosa David to become frog body weight at more than 150g.
embodiment 2
Referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 5, the method of operating step of embodiment 2 and the identical of embodiment 1, difference be often pair four the age Ranaspinosa David kind frog, body weight is at 200g-250g, and number of eggs laid is 400-450, and fertilization rate is 80%-90%, hatchability of fertile eggs is 85%-90%, tadpole metamorphosis and survival rate is more than 75%, and Ranaspinosa David froglet to Ranaspinosa David becomes frog survival rate more than 85%, two age Ranaspinosa David to become frog body weight at more than 150g.
embodiment 3
Referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 5, the method of operating step of embodiment 3 and the identical of embodiment 1, difference be often pair five the age the above Ranaspinosa David kind frog, body weight is at more than 250g, and number of eggs laid is 500-600, and fertilization rate is 65%-75%, hatchability of fertile eggs is 70%-80%, tadpole metamorphosis and survival rate is more than 60%, and Ranaspinosa David froglet to Ranaspinosa David becomes frog survival rate more than 75%, two age Ranaspinosa David to become frog body weight at more than 150g.

Claims (1)

1. the one-touch plant modification domesticating method of frog Ecology, comprise frog regulation and control pond construction, frog culturing pool is built, the one-touch plant modification of frog Ecology is raised and train, First Year March to June selects kind of the frog and cultivation, and------First Year tadpole in June to August is cultivated, and------First Year December is to the hibernation of froglet in March in the coming year, and---froglet in December is cultivated further in Second Year first arrival in March---150g becomes the frog---Second Year starts the ecologic breeding commodity frog and go on the market December for the metamorphosis of First Year tadpole in August to November and the cultivation of froglet for the laying eggs and hatch about 20 days of fertilized egg, it is characterized in that:
A the frog regulation and control pond described in () is built:
Be made up of subterranean tunnel formula pond (1), filtering ponds (2), insulation soil layer (3), single flow ultraviolet sterilizer (4); The one end in described subterranean tunnel formula pond (1) arranges a vertical water inlet pipe (10), and the bottom of other one end, subterranean tunnel formula pond (1) supports (22) by filter course and is disjunctor at the bottom of filtering ponds (2) pond;
Described filtering ponds (2) comprise upper and lower two parts, and top is divided into filter course (11), and bottom is divided into reservoir bed (12);
Described insulation soil layer (3) is piled up in top, subterranean tunnel formula pond (1), and single flow ultraviolet sterilizer (4) is connected on outlet pipe (9);
Tunnel type pond (1) face, pond is descended in filtering ponds (2) face, pond above Ground, face, pond, subterranean tunnel formula pond is provided with subterranean tunnel formula pond manhole (5), subterranean tunnel formula pond manhole (5) is provided with seal cover board I (7), filtering ponds (2) face, pond is provided with filtering ponds manhole (6), filtering ponds manhole (6) is provided with seal cover board II (8); Upper part filter course (11) arranges drilled base plate (13), drilled base plate (13) top arranges cobblestone filter course (14), cobblestone filter course (14) top arranges charcoal filtering layer (15), charcoal filtering layer (15) top arranges rough sand filter course (16), rough sand filter course (16) top arranges middle husky filter course (17), middle husky filter course (17) top arranges cobblestone pressure sand bed (18), and cobblestone pressure sand bed (18) top arranges an outlet pipe (9) and a backwashed filtering layer water inlet pipe (19);
Be provided with heavy dirty pond (20) in pool wall in the outer part at the bottom of lower part reservoir bed (12) pond, at the bottom of heavy dirty pond (20) pond, be provided with blow-off pipe (21);
B the frog culturing pool described in () is built:
By cuboid pond (23), profundal zone (24), phytal zone I (25), phytal zone II (26), eats platform ramp (27) up and down, food platform (28), cave (29), Chen Wu district (30), blow-off pipe (31), adjustable-angle feed cock (32), eaves (33), elbow (34), straight-through (35), band filter screen drain pipe (36) formed;
Described cuboid pond (23) top is a rectangular shape, and bottom is pot shape shape, in the middle of pot shape You Yichenwu district (30); Phytal zone I (25) and profundal zone, place (24), phytal zone II (26), one and a Chu Chenwu district (30) is had in cuboid pond (23); Phytal zone I (25) is the left side at the bottom of cuboid pond (23) pond, and phytal zone II (26) is on food platform (28) left side, and be profundal zone (24) in the middle of phytal zone I (25) and phytal zone II (26), the center of profundal zone (24) is Chen Wu district (30);
Cuboid pond (23) right corner has a food platform (28), has about one food platform ramp (27) by cuboid pond (23) right pool wall, and food platform (28) and up and down food platform ramp (27) and cuboid pond (23) You Chi angle form a cave (29); There is down eaves (33) above cuboid pond (23) surrounding pool wall, falling on the side of eaves (33) to have an adjustable-angle feed cock (32);
Described cuboid pond (23), profundal zone (24) are Rotary-table shape, and Rotary-table upper bottom surface diameter length is pond bottom width degree;
Described cuboid pond (23), Chen Wu district (30) top is divided into cylindrical shape, its underpart is Rotary-table shape, Rotary-table bottom surface has straight-through (35), straight-through (35) upper vertical is equipped with band filter screen drain pipe (36), one blow-off pipe (31) is arranged at straight-through (35) bottom, blow-off pipe (31) passes straight through to cuboid pond (23) outward, the blow-off pipe (31) of outside, cuboid pond (23) has an angle adjustable elbow (34), fixes cuboid pond middle water level height by band screen pack drainpipe (36) and blow-off pipe (31) simultaneously;
C the one-touch plant modification of frog Ecology described in () is raised and train, cultivation step is as follows:
The regulation and control pond of step 1 frog is built;
The culturing pool construction of step 2 frog;
Step 3 connects water source: frog regulation and control pond outlet pipe (9) and culturing pool adjustable-angle feed cock (32) are connected;
Step 4 wash pool is sterilized: annual March, temperature went up to 16 to April 0during about C, by culturing pool according to every 1 cubic metre by quicklime 100 grams of ratios, soak and after 1 day, pond cleaned up;
Step 5 regulates water level: by culturing pool band filter screen drain pipe (36) and blow-off pipe (31) phytal zone I (25), phytal zone II (26) water lev el control between 15cm-20cm;
Step 6 adjusts water (flow) direction and flow: regulate angle of current and direction to make Chi Shuineng slow circumvolve in culturing pool by culturing pool adjustable-angle feed cock (32);
Step 7 selects kind of the frog and cultivation: select a pair three ages, body weight is at 150g-200g, and the colour of skin is close, and without wound without residual anosis, physically well develop, be about to a pair male and female kind frog laid eggs, the saline solution with 3% puts into a culturing pool after soaking 15 minutes; When water temperature is gone up to 18 DEG C-23 DEG C, yellow mealworm, earthworm are invested on food platform (28) or in pond, throw in fresh and alive small fish, loach bait by every day at dusk, and daily ration, feeding quantity is 3%-5% of frog body weight, guarantees the nutrition of kind of the frog;
Step 8 is laid eggs and is hatched: after laying eggs to June March, kind of the frog is grabbed in time from culturing pool from; Frog's egg generally sticks in culturing pool pool wall or cave (29), and quantity, at 350-400, does not move pieces of an egg, and with 3%-5% saline solution or with 5g-10g/m 3lime water full pool spilling head disinfection mould-proof bacterium, within about 20 days, hatch tadpole;
The cultivation of step 9 tadpole: the tadpole of 10 ages in days starts morning every day, evening throws something and feeds milk, soya-bean milk or a yolk, and feeding volume is 1%-3% of tadpole body weight; After 20 ages in days until abnormal every morning, afternoon respectively throw something and feed the vegetables or edible wild herbs of once boiling,
Feeding volume is 2%-3% of tadpole body weight;
The metamorphosis of step 10 tadpole and the cultivation of froglet: after tadpole metamorphosis, every day throws something and feeds once immature yellow mealworm at dusk on food platform (28), quantity from less to more, feeding volume is 1%-3% of body weight, 200 grams of fresh and alive dried shrimp are also put in culturing pool in every pond, guarantee the nutrition of froglet, strengthening its physique, laying the foundation for spending hibernation period smoothly;
The hibernation of step 11 froglet: annual December to the coming year March water temperature 15 0during below C, froglet stops ingesting, and enters cave (29) and spends hibernation period, avoid startling it;
Step 12 becomes the cultivation of the frog: go up to 18 in water temperature 0c-23 0c, when the froglet of the previous year grows to 30g-50g, every day at dusk on food platform (28), or drops into fresh and alive small fish, loach by throw something and feed yellow mealworm, earthworm, fly maggot of 3%-5% of body weight in pond, froglet in December extremely is then grown to serve as the one-tenth frog of more than 150g;
Step 13 cultivates the prevention of damage by disease of phase:
1. every two weeks rinses filter course (11) medium with backwashed filtering layer water inlet pipe (19), keeps water quality pure for a long time;
2. residual bait every morning culturing pool being eaten platform (28) is cleaned out, and rotates the direction of blow-off pipe (31), is discharged by the dirt in Chen Wu district (30) outside culturing pool;
3., during tadpole, froglet and adult frog culture, sterilized with 3%-5% saline solution or lime water full pool spilling head every 10-15 days;
4. cultivating overall process all uses gall nut 20-50 grams, cordate houttuynia 20-38 grams, Herba Andrographitis 20-35 grams, dandelion 20-50 grams, folium isatidis 20-50 grams, rheum officinale 20-30 grams of six kinds of Chinese herbal medicines to make cartridge bag, be immersed in the use of pre-disease prevention and sterilization in culturing pool, within every 20 days, change dressings bag once.
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