CN103782762B - Underplanting method of traditional Chinese medicinal material radix tetrastigme - Google Patents

Underplanting method of traditional Chinese medicinal material radix tetrastigme Download PDF

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CN103782762B
CN103782762B CN201410027914.7A CN201410027914A CN103782762B CN 103782762 B CN103782762 B CN 103782762B CN 201410027914 A CN201410027914 A CN 201410027914A CN 103782762 B CN103782762 B CN 103782762B
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radix tetrastigme
soil
plant
forest
woods
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CN103782762A (en
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潘大仁
刘崟艳
周以飞
霍昱璟
李清
白泽方
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XIAMEN TASMAN BIO-TECH CO., LTD.
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Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University
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Abstract

The invention discloses an underplanting method of traditional Chinese medicinal material radix tetrastigme. By the adoption of a hillside forest and pot culture intercropping planting mode, the method for carrying out underplanting of the traditional Chinese medicinal material radix tetrastigme on a large scale in the natural environment is established through the steps of forest land selection, soil selection, seedling selection, seedling culture, forest management, pest and disease integrated control and harvest. According to the method, abundant forest land resources are utilized to provide fields for forest and medicinal material intercropping, and the purposes of reducing planting cost and obtaining high-quality and high-yield radix tetrastigme tuberous roots are achieved by making full use of growing seasons based on the ecology-imitating planting principle; besides, the planting method is simple and low in cost.

Description

A kind of cultivation under woods method of traditional Chinese medicine radix tetrastigme
Technical field
The invention belongs to traditional Chinese medicine cultivation field, be specifically related to a kind of cultivation under woods method of traditional Chinese medicine radix tetrastigme.
Background technology
Radix tetrastigme is the exclusive valuable ingredient of traditional Chinese medicine of China, has clearing heat and detoxicating, effect such as blood circulation promoting and dispersing pathogen accumulation, anti-inflammatory analgetic, is described as " bouvardin ".Wild radix tetrastigme primary growth in the mountain valley in the remote mountains of height above sea level more than 200 meters, woodland, shrub, in the shade of overhanging cliff etc., growth needs flickering astigmatism to irradiate and moistening weather, has growth in the place of direct sunlight idol, but undergrowth; Thin water will be had around root to ooze out, drought-enduring, avoid ponding, cold-resistant; Rhizome place will have leaf to cover, the nice and cool weather of happiness, and long-term temperature remains on 18 ~ 25 DEG C of then robust growth, growth retardation when winter temperature is down to 10 DEG C; It has extremely strong ground field selectivity, needs enriching containing humus or calcareous earth planted for best.
At present, radix tetrastigme wild resource is in rare state, the expansion of the special and consumption of its medicinal part, and supply falls short of demand must to cause the field of market Top-three Leaves green grass or young crops, but adopts wild radix tetrastigme must cause great destruction to its wild resource in a large number.On the one hand, radix tetrastigme has presented the situation that supply falls short of demand on medicinal material market, add that price of medicinal material constantly rises these years, the market price of fresh radix tetrastigme block root has reached 600 ~ 800 yuan/jin, and this causes wild radix tetrastigme by one of reason of exhaustive exploitation.On the other hand, the activity of the tea tree of deforest and reclamation plantation is in recent years day by day frequent, and radix tetrastigme wild resource reserves are sharply declined.The nineties in 20th century, along with deepening continuously of radix tetrastigme culture technique research, the technology of radix tetrastigme artificial culture plantation is rapidly developed.Within 2009, the people such as the beautiful China of, Ruan Songlin, Ma Huasheng is tested the impact that radix tetrastigme tubes Sterile seedling grows by treatment of different temperature, obtain a result: optimum radix tetrastigme test tube plantlet in vitro growth 30 ~ 35 DEG C time, mean fresh increase reaches 4.4027 ~ 5. 1493g, soluble protein content increases, if more than 40 DEG C or less than 10 DEG C temperature, affects the growth of radix tetrastigme seedling.The same year, the acclimatization technology of Liu Jieshu, Li Yongfeng, remaining sturdy pines proposition radix tetrastigme, returns radix tetrastigme digging from mountain forest and weeds clump, from wild to domestic, it is to the difference of the aspects such as place, illumination, temperature, humidity, nutrient, needs the domestication process of 1 long period to adapt to.Within 2010, Pu brocade treasured, blue or green three people of Zheng Junxian and Liang Wei disclose radix tetrastigme artificial cultivation method, select the sandy loam farming in field, can successful reproduction and cultivation radix tetrastigme.The people such as auspicious brave, Cheng Wenliang, Hua Jinwei in 2011 are by studying root-growing agent, cuttings age and the impact of matrix on cuttage rooting, radix tetrastigme Technique on Cuttage Propagation proposes root-growing agent, the cuttings age, on the impact of cuttage rooting obviously the impact of matrix on cuttage rooting was not obvious.In October, 2012 auspicious brave, Cheng Wenliang and season bright trick etc. a kind of efficient imitating wildness cultural technique method of radix tetrastigme is proposed again, the terrace cropping selected good farmland, mountain area or be exposed to the north, realizes artificial field planting radix tetrastigme.A kind of method that in December, 2012, Hu Xinyin sent out potted plant growth radix tetrastigme clear, at basin soil or directly add hard object in the soil of field, builds radix tetrastigme and climbs up by holding on to rattan teapoy and shading shed planting method.
Above-mentioned radix tetrastigme cultivation method, except field cultivation method, all obtain radix tetrastigme aseptic plant with callus breeding method, but it requires high to bad border in the course of cultivation, cultivation period is longer, and cultivation cost is high, and temperature, illumination, moisture condition and wild radix tetrastigme planting environment also exist larger gap, along with the development of forest economy, more and more people finds Ecology interplanting cultivation advantage.In same vegetative period, same mountain region colleague mixed planting radix tetrastigme and arbor class seeds, can make full use of forest space, increase plant leaf area coefficient, improve utility rate of luminous energy, level of increasing soil fertility, reaches effect of increasing production.Therefore, find the restriction breaking away from field cultivation, tissue cultures, the method for carrying out radix tetrastigme underwood planting under natural environment is on a large scale very important.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of cultivation under woods method of traditional Chinese medicine radix tetrastigme, by being based upon the radix tetrastigme intercropping culture method under natural environment, making it meet the cultivation requirement of radix tetrastigme, realize reducing cultivation cost, the object of increasing economic efficiency; Meanwhile, this method also can avoid the loss that in field cultivation, ponding causes, and simple to operate, with low cost, can obtain the radix tetrastigme block root of high-quality, high yield within a short period of time.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A cultivation under woods method for traditional Chinese medicine radix tetrastigme, comprises the following steps:
1) forest land is selected: select height above sea level 200 ~ 1600 m, be exposed to the north, Shade effect is good, the arbor mixed forest ground that tree crown is large; The mean annual precipitation in forest land is 1000mm ~ 2300mm;
2) soil is selected: select or calcareous mountain soil abundant containing humus plant radix tetrastigme;
3) seedling is selected: adopt cottage propagation method, the wild radix tetrastigme of life in 3 ~ 5 years is taken in annual 3 ~ June, select disease-free, robust growth, band axillalry bud branch, be cut into 11 ~ 14cm long, with the cuttings of the tender axillalry bud section of 2 joint, cuttings oblique lower cut 1000mg/L indolebutyric acid solution impregnation 6 ~ 8s, old branch 500mg/L indolebutyric acid solution impregnation 6 ~ 8s, to promote that plant takes root, improve survival rate;
4) nursery: adopt the potted plant interplanting method of sylvan life, select the black nutrition pot for seedling culture of high 50 cm × diameter 50 cm, first spread the sand of one deck 3 cm bottom alms bowl; By nutritive cube volume preparation composite soil, mixing, pours in nutritive cube, ensures loosing soil; Get cuttings pretreated in step 3) and insert 2 ~ 4 cm in soil, guarantee has at least an axillalry bud to show at soil, compacting, one basin inserts 3 ~ 5 strains, be placed in 85% shading shed (canopy width 60 cm, height 75 cm), selected before every morning 10 or regularly water once after at 16 in afternoon, to keep soil moisture; When grow 10 cm spray to seedling under dislocation arbor tree, bamboo frame is adopted to guide identification of lligera rhodantha hance to climb up by holding on on main trunk;
5) forest management: adopt hillside fields woods potted plant practice, slope land is built woods face width degree 0.5 ~ 1 m, hillside fields woods that ridge bank height is 45 cm; Before the woods farming of hillside fields, cleaned out by the weeds deadwood of woodland, within every 3 months, apply fertilizer at excavation position by 500 ~ 1000kg/ mu, subsoiling is digged simultaneously; Every strain tree places 2 ~ 4 basin radix tetrastigme nutritive cubes around, after it grows into 3 months, regularly sprays to radix tetrastigme blade chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid 1000 ~ 1500 times of dilutions that mass fraction is 50%, and keeps nutritive cube ground moistening to loosen; When radix tetrastigme plant strain growth is after 1 year, spread fertilizer over the fields composite fertilizer once every one and a half months by the soil of 10 ~ 15kg/ mu around individual plant, outside distance individual plant axial root system 5 cm diameter range; When radix tetrastigme plant strain growth is after 2 years, plant enters growth animated period, root system starts to bear medicinal piece of root, radix tetrastigme forest land is now kept to have excellent ventilation water-based spring, and every two weeks sprays chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid 1000 ~ 1500 times of dilutions that mass fraction is 50%, monthly applies once-combined fertilizer summer to promote block root growth; When radix tetrastigme plant strain growth is after 4 years, collection block root; In process of growth, every 3 ~ 4 days of autumn and winter season watered a water in noon, and spring suitably waters according to this season rainfall, and every day in summer regularly waters once before at 10 in the morning or after at 16 in afternoon;
6) integrated pest prevention and control: the spring, summer excessive rainfall easily cause a large amount of ponding of woodland, potted plant soil compaction, easily cause plant root root rot, leaf spot and mycosis between blade;
Root rot Symptoms is: scouring rush's sickle spore cause of disease causes radix tetrastigme plant root yellow black rotten, acrial part stem is first withered, seriously cause complete stool dead, prevent and treat root rot measure: their early stage mass fraction be 50% thiophanate methyl soluble powder be diluted to 800 ~ 1200 times of spray solutions, pull out diseased plant and with the sick cave of lime disinfection;
Leaf spot Symptoms is: initial stage radix tetrastigme blade surface produces circular or irregular dark brown scab, scab constantly expands, cause complete stool blade withered time serious, prevent and treat leaf spot measure: their early stage mass fraction be 50% chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid soluble powder be diluted to 600 ~ 800 times of spray solutions once, high stadium needs to spray 2 ~ 3 times continuously, and every 5 ~ 7 days spray medicines are once, and wipe out disease leaf and burn in time, note woodland draining simultaneously, reduce woodland humidity, alleviate the incidence of disease;
Mycosis Symptoms is: in wet environment, and radix tetrastigme growth is too vigorous, and be layering between blade too intensive, stuffy, now, white hypha group easily appears in blade lower surface, causes radix tetrastigme dead in flakes time serious; Prevent and treat mycosis measure: their early stage is wiped out disease leaf and burnt in time, and be diluted to 600 ~ 800 times of spray solution blades with the chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid soluble powder that mass fraction is 50%, spray 2 ~ 3 times continuously;
7) gather: the spring plants and excavated when acrial part radix tetrastigme plant enters resting stage 4 ~ 5 year 12 ~ January, first will reject by cauline leaf on the ground when excavating, and dig along basin, block root is exposed, then dig out complete block root downwards along basin.
Comprise to the mixed forest of arbor described in step 1) and build in cypress, pine and cypress and camphor tree two kinds and two or more.
Step 2) described in mountain soil be faintly acid yellow earth or yellowish soil.
Composite soil described in step 4) is the 1:1:1 preparation in mass ratio of yellow earth, sand, ash.
Composite fertilizer described in step 5) is nitrogenous fertilizer and urea 2:3 preparation in mass ratio.
Adopt the foundation of technical solution of the present invention:
A. the radix tetrastigme robust growth when temperature is at 18 ~ 25 DEG C, but the radix tetrastigme growth retardation when temperature is down to 10 DEG C.Therefore select radix tetrastigme growth to carry out cuttage and seedling culture 3 the most vigorous ~ June, make cuttage survival rate high.
B. radix tetrastigme is applicable to being grown on humus and enriches or the soil of calcium carbonate slant acidity.Build the arbor such as cypress, pine and cypress to be applicable to being grown in Indian yellow loam.Therefore, radix tetrastigme with build the arbor species such as cypress, pine and cypress be applicable to grow in same a slice forest zone.
C. radix tetrastigme happiness is cloudy cold-resistant, build the arbor species such as cypress, pine and cypress happiness sun cold-resistant, both are all applicable to being grown on moistening middle subtropical zone to south subtropics theropencedrymion ground, simultaneously, the arbor species such as cypress, pine and cypress of building of life in 2 ~ 3 years had both had good Shade effect, therefore, radix tetrastigme is applicable to and builds the intercropping of the arbor species such as cypress, pine and cypress.
D. wild radix tetrastigme vertical distribution is at height above sea level 300 ~ 2000m, builds the arbor species such as cypress, pine and cypress vertical distribution at height above sea level 500 ~ 1800m.Therefore, radix tetrastigme with build the arbor species such as cypress, pine and cypress and be applicable to being grown on same height above sea level.
E. arbor coring is long, and soil conservation ability is strong, cold-resistant drought-enduring, perennial, favourable to radix tetrastigme growth.Adopt hillside fields woods pattern farming simultaneously, make full use of space, forest land, improve woodland ventilation water drainage ability, prevention and elimination of disease and pests.
F. utilize indolebutyric acid solution impregnation, promote cell division and the differentiation of radix tetrastigme cuttings, be conducive to radix tetrastigme and take root, improve radix tetrastigme cuttage survival rate.
G. in the preparation of composite soil, add ash, enrich the micronutrient elements such as potassium, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium contained by it, being conducive to radix tetrastigme cuttings sends out axillalry bud, and control radix tetrastigme fallen leaves, suppress damage by disease and insect.
H. also fertilizer is applied to nutritive cube soil before farming, promote immature soil into cultivated land, increase radix tetrastigme beet yield.
The present invention has following beneficial effect:
(1) the present invention adopts forestry specialty radix tetrastigme medicinal material can make full use of forest land space resources, increases woodland rent rate, improves land use rate and production benefit, also can increment species diversity, reduces water and soil loss, improves the ecological environment.
(2) the present invention by cultivating radix tetrastigme under natural environment, strengthens the resistance of radix tetrastigme, reduces lose from natural calamity, and stable yields is protected and received.
(3) the present invention utilizes radix tetrastigme different from the height building the arbor species such as cypress, pine and cypress, the feature of its acrial part layering, increases leaf-area coefficient, effectively utilizes space and time, improves utility rate of luminous energy.
(5) method of the present invention also can avoid the loss that in field cultivation, ponding causes, and obtains the radix tetrastigme block root of high-quality, high yield within a short period of time, realizes reducing cultivation cost, the object of increasing economic efficiency.
Embodiment
In order to make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, embodiments of the invention are described in detail.
The embodiment of the present invention for research object with the cultivation of traditional Chinese medicine radix tetrastigme, adopts potted plant the practice cultivation of hillside fields woods, finally realizes the object of ecological protection benefit and the doulbe-sides' victory of woods medicine economic benefit.Following embodiment is intended to further illustrate the present invention, and unrestricted the present invention.
A cultivation under woods method for traditional Chinese medicine radix tetrastigme, comprises the following steps:
1) forest land is selected: select height above sea level 200 ~ 1600 m, be exposed to the north, Shade effect is good, and what tree crown was large builds cypress, pine and cypress, camphor tree arbor mixed forest ground; The mean annual precipitation in forest land is 1000mm ~ 2300mm;
2) soil is selected: select or calcareous yellow earth abundant containing humus or yellowish soil plant radix tetrastigme, radix tetrastigme cultivating soil pH value requires: slant acidity 5.0 ~ 6.8, and yellow earth, yellowish soil pH value are 4.64 ~ 6.14;
3) seedling is selected: adopt cottage propagation method, the wild radix tetrastigme of life in 3 ~ 5 years is taken in annual 3 ~ June, select disease-free, robust growth, band axillalry bud branch, be cut into 11 ~ 14cm long, with the cuttings of the tender axillalry bud section of 2 joint, cuttings oblique lower cut 1000mg/L indolebutyric acid solution impregnation 6 ~ 8s, old branch 500mg/L indolebutyric acid solution impregnation 6 ~ 8s, to promote that plant takes root, improve survival rate;
500mg/L IBA maceration extract configures: get 0.025g indolebutyric acid and be placed in beaker, be first dissolved in a small amount of absolute ethyl alcohol, then add a small amount of pure water, stirring and evenly mixing, be placed in 50 mL volumetric flask constant volumes.
1000mg/L IBA maceration extract configures: get 0.05g indolebutyric acid and be placed in beaker, be first dissolved in a small amount of absolute ethyl alcohol,
Add a small amount of pure water again, stirring and evenly mixing, be placed in 50 mL volumetric flask constant volumes.
4) nursery: adopt the potted plant interplanting method of sylvan life, select the black nutrition pot for seedling culture of high 50 cm × diameter 50 cm, first spread the sand of one deck 3 cm bottom alms bowl; By nutritive cube volume preparation composite soil, mixing, pours in nutritive cube, ensures loosing soil; Get cuttings pretreated in step 3) and insert 2 ~ 4 cm in soil, guarantee has at least an axillalry bud to show at soil, compacting, one basin inserts 3 ~ 5 strains, be placed in 85% shading shed (canopy width 60 cm, height 75 cm, adopt double-deck black shading screen as ceiling), selected before every morning 10 or regularly water once after at 16 in afternoon, to keep soil moisture; When grow 10 cm spray to seedling under dislocation arbor tree, bamboo frame is adopted to guide identification of lligera rhodantha hance to climb up by holding on on main trunk; Described composite soil is by the 1:1:1 preparation in mass ratio of yellow earth, sand, ash;
5) forest management: adopt hillside fields woods potted plant practice, slope land is built woods face width degree 0.5 ~ 1 m, hillside fields woods that ridge bank height is 45 cm; Before the woods farming of hillside fields, cleaned out by the weeds deadwood of woodland, within every 3 months, apply fertilizer (semi supplied manure such as rabbit excrement, chicken manure, cattle and sheep excrement) by 500 ~ 1000kg/ mu at excavation position, subsoiling is digged simultaneously; Every strain tree places 2 ~ 4 basin radix tetrastigme nutritive cubes around, after it grows into 3 months, by 40g mass fraction be 50% chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid wetting powder be dissolved in 50000mL water and be diluted to 1000 ~ 1500 times of solution, monthly spray once, and keep nutritive cube ground moistening to loosen; When radix tetrastigme plant strain growth is after 1 year, spread fertilizer over the fields composite fertilizer once every one and a half months by the soil of 10 ~ 15kg/ mu around individual plant, outside distance individual plant axial root system 5 cm diameter range; When radix tetrastigme plant strain growth is after 2 years, plant enters growth animated period, root system starts to bear medicinal piece of root, radix tetrastigme forest land is now kept to have excellent ventilation water-based spring, by 40g mass fraction be 50% chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid wetting powder be dissolved in 50000mL water and be diluted to 1000 ~ 1500 times of solution, every two weeks sprays once, monthly applies once-combined fertilizer summer to promote block root growth; When radix tetrastigme plant strain growth is after 4 years, collection block root; In process of growth, every 3 ~ 4 days of autumn and winter season watered a water in noon, and spring suitably waters according to this season rainfall, and every day in summer regularly waters once before at 10 in the morning or after at 16 in afternoon; Described composite fertilizer is nitrogenous fertilizer and urea 2:3 preparation in mass ratio;
6) integrated pest prevention and control: the spring, summer excessive rainfall easily cause a large amount of ponding of woodland, potted plant soil compaction, easily cause plant root root rot, leaf spot and mycosis between blade;
Root rot Symptoms is: scouring rush's sickle spore cause of disease causes radix tetrastigme plant root yellow black rotten, acrial part stem is first withered, seriously cause complete stool dead, prevent and treat root rot measure: their early stage every mu 41g, mass fraction be 50% thiophanate methyl soluble powder be dissolved in 50000mL water and be diluted to 800 ~ 1200 times of spray solutions 3 ~ 5 times, sprayed 1 time every 10 days, pull out diseased plant and use the sick cave of lime disinfection;
Leaf spot Symptoms is: initial stage radix tetrastigme blade surface produces circular or irregular dark brown scab, scab constantly expands, cause complete stool blade withered time serious, prevent and treat leaf spot measure: their early stage 40g, mass fraction be 50% chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid soluble powder be dissolved in 32000mL water and be diluted to 600 ~ 800 times of spray solutions 1 time, high stadium needs to spray 2 ~ 3 times continuously, every 5 ~ 7 days spray medicines once, and wipe out disease leaf and burn in time, note woodland draining simultaneously, reduce woodland humidity, alleviate the incidence of disease;
Mycosis Symptoms is: in wet environment, and radix tetrastigme growth is too vigorous, and be layering between blade too intensive, stuffy, now, white hypha group easily appears in blade lower surface, causes radix tetrastigme dead in flakes time serious; Prevent and treat mycosis measure: their early stage is wiped out disease leaf and burnt in time, and with every mu of 40g, mass fraction be 50% chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid soluble powder be dissolved in 24000mL water and be diluted to 600 ~ 800 times of spray solution blades, spray 2 ~ 3 times continuously;
7) gather: the spring plants and excavated when acrial part radix tetrastigme plant enters resting stage 4 ~ 5 year 12 ~ January, first will reject by cauline leaf on the ground when excavating, and dig along basin, block root is exposed, dig out complete block root downwards along basin again, the block root of gathering too early is not sturdy, and output is lower; Spend evening and gather that to affect quality by frost low.Water before gathering and spill a small amount of water, ensure loosing soil, make the process of excavating easier.Accomplish suitable, light, slow, thin when excavating, avoid block root to damage, maintainance block root is complete.

Claims (4)

1. a cultivation under woods method for traditional Chinese medicine radix tetrastigme, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
1) forest land is selected: select height above sea level 200 ~ 1600 m, be exposed to the north, Shade effect is good, the arbor mixed forest ground that tree crown is large; The mean annual precipitation in forest land is 1000mm ~ 2300mm;
2) soil is selected: select or calcareous mountain soil abundant containing humus plant radix tetrastigme;
3) seedling is selected: adopt cottage propagation method, take the wild radix tetrastigme of life in 3 ~ 5 years in annual 3 ~ June, select disease-free, robust growth, band axillalry bud branch, be cut into 11 ~ 14cm long, with the cuttings of the tender axillalry bud section of 2 joint, cuttings oblique lower cut 1000mg/L indolebutyric acid solution impregnation 6 ~ 8s; Old branch 500mg/L indolebutyric acid solution impregnation 6 ~ 8s;
4) nursery: adopt the potted plant interplanting method of sylvan life, select the black nutrition pot for seedling culture of high 50 cm × diameter 50 cm, first spread the sand of one deck 3 cm bottom alms bowl; By nutritive cube volume preparation composite soil, mixing, pours in nutritive cube, ensures loosing soil; Get cuttings pretreated in step 3) and insert 2 ~ 4 cm in soil, compacting, a basin inserts 3 ~ 5 strains, is placed in 85% shading shed, before selecting every morning 10 or water once after at 16 in afternoon, to keep soil moisture; When grow 10 cm spray to seedling under dislocation arbor tree, bamboo frame is adopted to guide identification of lligera rhodantha hance to climb up by holding on on main trunk;
5) forest management: adopt hillside fields woods potted plant practice, slope land is built woods face width degree 0.5 ~ 1 m, hillside fields woods that ridge bank height is 45 cm; Before the woods farming of hillside fields, cleaned out by the weeds deadwood of woodland, within every 3 months, apply fertilizer at excavation position by 500 ~ 1000kg/ mu, subsoiling is digged simultaneously; Every strain tree places 2 ~ 4 basin radix tetrastigme nutritive cubes around, after it grows into 3 months, regularly sprays to radix tetrastigme blade chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid 1000 ~ 1500 times of dilutions that mass fraction is 50%, and keeps nutritive cube ground moistening to loosen; When radix tetrastigme plant strain growth is after 1 year, spread fertilizer over the fields composite fertilizer once every one and a half months by the soil of 10 ~ 15kg/ mu around individual plant; When radix tetrastigme plant strain growth is after 2 years, plant enters growth animated period, root system starts to bear medicinal piece of root, radix tetrastigme forest land is now kept to have excellent ventilation water-based spring, and every two weeks sprays chlorine bromine isocyanuric acid 1000 ~ 1500 times of dilutions that mass fraction is 50%, monthly applies once-combined fertilizer summer to promote block root growth; When radix tetrastigme plant strain growth is after 4 years, collection block root; In process of growth, every 3 ~ 4 days of autumn and winter season watered a water in noon, and spring waters according to this season rainfall, and every day in summer regularly waters once before at 10 in the morning or after at 16 in afternoon;
6) gather: when radix tetrastigme plant strain growth is after 4 ~ 5 years, excavate when acrial part radix tetrastigme plant enters resting stage 12 ~ January, first will reject by cauline leaf on the ground when excavating, and dig along basin, block root is exposed, then dig out complete block root downwards along basin.
2. the cultivation under woods method of traditional Chinese medicine radix tetrastigme according to claim 1, is characterized in that: comprise build in cypress, pine and cypress and camphor tree two or three to the mixed forest of arbor described in step 1).
3. the cultivation under woods method of traditional Chinese medicine radix tetrastigme according to claim 1, is characterized in that: step 2) described in mountain soil be faintly acid yellow earth or yellowish soil.
4. the cultivation under woods method of traditional Chinese medicine radix tetrastigme according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the composite soil described in step 4) is the 1:1:1 preparation in mass ratio of yellow earth, sand, ash.
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