CN103782299A - Systems and methods for intelligent patient interface device - Google Patents

Systems and methods for intelligent patient interface device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103782299A
CN103782299A CN201280042783.9A CN201280042783A CN103782299A CN 103782299 A CN103782299 A CN 103782299A CN 201280042783 A CN201280042783 A CN 201280042783A CN 103782299 A CN103782299 A CN 103782299A
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patient
interface device
patient interface
database
data
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CN201280042783.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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D·I·施奈特维尼
D·A·特里布尔
M·A·瓦伦丁
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百特恩格伍德公司
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Priority to US61/503,966 priority
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Priority to PCT/US2012/040179 priority patent/WO2013006234A1/en
Publication of CN103782299A publication Critical patent/CN103782299A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G16INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR SPECIFIC APPLICATION FIELDS
    • G16HHEALTHCARE INFORMATICS, i.e. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE HANDLING OR PROCESSING OF MEDICAL OR HEALTHCARE DATA
    • G16H20/00ICT specially adapted for therapies or health-improving plans, e.g. for handling prescriptions, for steering therapy or for monitoring patient compliance
    • G16H20/10ICT specially adapted for therapies or health-improving plans, e.g. for handling prescriptions, for steering therapy or for monitoring patient compliance relating to drugs or medications, e.g. for ensuring correct administration to patients
    • G16H20/17ICT specially adapted for therapies or health-improving plans, e.g. for handling prescriptions, for steering therapy or for monitoring patient compliance relating to drugs or medications, e.g. for ensuring correct administration to patients delivered via infusion or injection
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F19/00Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific applications
    • G06F19/30Medical informatics, i.e. computer-based analysis or dissemination of patient or disease data
    • G06F19/32Medical data management, e.g. systems or protocols for archival or communication of medical images, computerised patient records or computerised general medical references
    • G06F19/324Management of patient independent data, e.g. medical references in digital format
    • G06F19/326Medication information, e.g. drug reference databases
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/10Office automation, e.g. computer aided management of electronic mail or groupware; Time management, e.g. calendars, reminders, meetings or time accounting
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q50/00Systems or methods specially adapted for specific business sectors, e.g. utilities or tourism
    • G06Q50/10Services
    • G06Q50/22Social work
    • G06Q50/24Patient record management
    • GPHYSICS
    • G16INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR SPECIFIC APPLICATION FIELDS
    • G16HHEALTHCARE INFORMATICS, i.e. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE HANDLING OR PROCESSING OF MEDICAL OR HEALTHCARE DATA
    • G16H10/00ICT specially adapted for the handling or processing of patient-related medical or healthcare data
    • G16H10/40ICT specially adapted for the handling or processing of patient-related medical or healthcare data for data related to laboratory analysis, e.g. patient specimen analysis
    • GPHYSICS
    • G16INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR SPECIFIC APPLICATION FIELDS
    • G16HHEALTHCARE INFORMATICS, i.e. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE HANDLING OR PROCESSING OF MEDICAL OR HEALTHCARE DATA
    • G16H10/00ICT specially adapted for the handling or processing of patient-related medical or healthcare data
    • G16H10/60ICT specially adapted for the handling or processing of patient-related medical or healthcare data for patient-specific data, e.g. for electronic patient records
    • GPHYSICS
    • G16INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR SPECIFIC APPLICATION FIELDS
    • G16HHEALTHCARE INFORMATICS, i.e. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE HANDLING OR PROCESSING OF MEDICAL OR HEALTHCARE DATA
    • G16H70/00ICT specially adapted for the handling or processing of medical references
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F19/00Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific applications
    • G06F19/30Medical informatics, i.e. computer-based analysis or dissemination of patient or disease data
    • G06F19/34Computer-assisted medical diagnosis or treatment, e.g. computerised prescription or delivery of medication or diets, computerised local control of medical devices, medical expert systems or telemedicine
    • G06F19/3456Computer-assisted prescription or delivery of medication, e.g. prescription filling or compliance checking
    • G06F19/3468Computer-assisted delivery of medication via infusion or injection
    • GPHYSICS
    • G16INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR SPECIFIC APPLICATION FIELDS
    • G16HHEALTHCARE INFORMATICS, i.e. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE HANDLING OR PROCESSING OF MEDICAL OR HEALTHCARE DATA
    • G16H50/00ICT specially adapted for medical diagnosis, medical simulation or medical data mining; ICT specially adapted for detecting, monitoring or modelling epidemics or pandemics
    • G16H50/20ICT specially adapted for medical diagnosis, medical simulation or medical data mining; ICT specially adapted for detecting, monitoring or modelling epidemics or pandemics for computer-aided diagnosis, e.g. based on medical expert systems

Abstract

A system for use with one or more sources of patient-affiliated data corresponding with a group of patients. The system may contain a plurality of patient interface devices for interfacing with the group of patients. Each patient interface device may store a database that includes information related to each patient of the group of patients. Each patient interface device may be operable to generate a patient-specific guidance data set that may be used by the patient interface device to interface with a patient of the group of patients. The plurality of patient interface devices may be communicatively coupled to patient-affiliated data and a therapy database via a patient interface device gateway. The patient-specific guidance data sets may be automatically updated.

Description

用于智能患者接口设备的系统和方法 Systems and methods for intelligent patient interface device

[0001] 相关申请 [0001] RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0002] 本申请要求于2011年7月I日提交的标题为“SYSTEMS AND METHODS FORINTELLIGENT PATIENT INTERFACE DEVICE (用于智能患者接口设备的系统和方法)”的美国临时专利申请61/503966的优先权,该申请的全部内容通过引用纳入于此。 [0002] This application claims the title in July 2011 I filed "SYSTEMS AND METHODS FORINTELLIGENT PATIENT INTERFACE DEVICE (intelligent systems and methods for patient interface device)," US Provisional Patent Application No. 61/503966, and the entire contents of which are hereby incorporated herein by reference.

技术领域 FIELD

[0003] 本发明涉及用于为一组患者提供医疗服务的系统和方法,并且更具体地涉及用于控制适于与该组患者中的一个或更多个患者结合的智能患者接口设备的系统和方法。 [0003] The present invention relates to systems and methods for providing health care services to a group of patients, and more particularly, to a system for controlling smart patient interface device is adapted in conjunction with the set of one or more of the patient's patient and methods.

背景技术 Background technique

[0004] 医疗保健领域中使用的患者接口设备可用于施用药物和/或治疗和/或监测患者的指标。 [0004] The patient interface device used in the healthcare field may be used for administration of drugs and / or treatment and / or monitoring the patient for indicators. 具体地,医疗保健领域中所用的输液泵是机电设备,其控制液体药物和食品的流速。 In particular, in the field of health care are electromechanical infusion pump used in the device, which controls the flow rate of liquid medicine and food. 输液泵可包括机械致动器,该机械致动器能够使注射器柱塞移动,从而从注射器中排出流体。 The infusion pump may comprise a mechanical actuator, the mechanical actuator can move the syringe plunger, to expel fluid from the syringe. 其他类型的输液泵可使用其他机制以实现流体传送。 Other types of infusion pumps other mechanisms may be used to effect fluid transfer.

[0005] 在动物和人类保健中,输液泵用于向患者传送化学品、药物、营养物或其他产品。 [0005] In animal and human health, the infusion pump for delivering chemical, pharmaceutical, nutritional or other products to patients. 典型地,一种或更多种物质可以结合在一起形成含有一种或更多种药物的溶液,然后通过输液泵被传送给患者。 Typically, one or more substances may be combined with a solution containing one or more drugs together to form, and then transmitted to the patient through an infusion pump. 这种传送可以是从药物源经由管道和相互连接的导管进入患者的血液中,或进入内脏或直接进入组织中。 Such delivery may be from a source of medication into the patient's blood via a conduit and interconnecting conduits, or enter directly into the tissue or organs.

[0006] 通常,输液泵能够根据预定的可设计模式控制药物向患者的流动速率。 [0006] Generally, the flow rate of the drug infusion pump can be controlled to a patient can be designed in accordance with a predetermined pattern. 这种传送可以是连续的或间歇的。 Such transfer may be continuous or intermittent. 传送的具体模式可取决于当地习惯、传送的药物的类型和患者的指标的组合。 Specific mode of transmission may depend on local custom, a combination of the type of patient transfer and indicators of the drug.

[0007] 确定用于向患者传送药物的合适的方案的过程常常是复杂的,并且产生错误会降低功效而且可能对患者造成潜在伤害。 [0007] the process of determining the right solution for the transfer of the drug to patients are often complex, and an error will reduce effectiveness and may cause potential harm to the patient. 因此,已经开发出自动逻辑设备,以便于确定和实施药物传送方案。 Thus, automatic logic devices have been developed in order to identify and implement drug delivery embodiment. 这样的逻辑设备已经在输液泵中实施以实现改进的药物传送。 Such logic devices have been implemented to achieve improved drug delivery in infusion pump. 当以这种方式实施时,输液设备已经被称为“智能泵”。 When implemented in this manner, the infusion device has been called "Intelligent Pump." 然而,到目前为止,尚未部署识别、产生和应用全部可用数据以进一步提高药物传送的自动化方面的系统。 However, to date, have not been deployed to identify, produce and use all available data in order to further improve the system for automating aspects of drug delivery. 具体地,这些系统要么在计算药物注入的安全极限时完全不了解患者的详细情况,要么他们在启动药物注入治疗时仅限于查询患者数据库(例如电子病历,也称为EMR,EHR,或eMAR)。 In particular, these systems are either in the calculation of the safety limit of injected drugs completely unaware of the details of the patient, or they start only in the patient database queries (such as electronic medical records, also known as EMR, EHR, or eMAR) injecting the drug treatment . 为了保持这种有限情况的了解,这些系统必须不断地通过有线或无线装置连接到患者数据库,以便正常工作。 To maintain this limited knowledge of the situation, these systems must be constantly connected to the patient database through a wired or wireless device, in order to operate properly. 这样,它们不容忍由于网络故障或不良无线通信覆盖而造成的连接性丢失。 Thus, they do not tolerate connectivity because of network failures or failure caused by wireless communication coverage loss.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 鉴于前述情况,本发明的一个目的是提供用于向一组患者中的一个或更多个患者提供医疗服务的装置和方法。 [0008] In view of the foregoing, an object of the present invention is to provide an apparatus and method for providing care to a patient or a group of more patients.

[0009] 本发明的另一个目的是提供使用多个通信地互连的患者接口设备中的一个或更多个提供医疗服务的装置和方法。 [0009] Another object of the present invention is to provide the use of a plurality of communicatively interconnected patient interface devices provide one or more medical devices and methods and services. [0010] 本发明的另一个目的是提供用于管理一组患者的患者数据库的装置和方法,其中,患者数据库的全部内容存储在多个通信地互连的患者接口设备中的每一个患者接口设备上。 [0010] Another object of the present invention is to provide an apparatus and method for managing a group of patients in the patient database, wherein each patient interface to the patient database store the entire contents of the plurality of communication in the patient interface device interconnected in on the device.

[0011] 上述目的中的一个或更多个和其他优点可通过一种创造性系统实现,该系统与患者相关数据的一个或更多个源连用,其中所述患者相关数据的一个或更多个源对应一组患者,所述系统包括多个患者接口设备,每个患者接口设备用于与患者结合(interface,结合或接口)以提供医疗护理。 [0011] The object of one or more other advantages achieved by an inventive system, the system is a patient-related data used in conjunction with one or more sources, wherein said patient related data or more source corresponding to a group of patients, said system comprising a plurality of patient interface devices, each patient interface device for binding with a patient (interface, or the interface binding) to provide medical care. 多个患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备存储数据库,该数据库包含多个患者记录,其中多个患者记录中的每个患者记录与该组患者中的独特患者有关。 A plurality of interface devices each patient interface device stores patient database, the database comprising a plurality of patient records, wherein each of the plurality of patient records in a patient record associated with the unique patient in this group of patients. 就此而言,多个患者接口设备中的任何患者接口设备可与该组患者中的任何患者一起使用,从而降低或消除对使具体患者接口设备分配给具体患者和/或跟随具体患者的需要。 In this regard, any patient interface device of the plurality of patient interface devices may be used with any patient in this group of patients, to reduce or eliminate a particular patient and / or the need to follow a particular patient so that the patient interface device is assigned to a particular.

[0012] 该系统进一步包括患者接口设备网关,该患者接口设备网关可操作以将患者相关数据的一个或更多个源与多个患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备结合,从而自动地更新存储在每个患者接口设备上的数据库。 [0012] The system further comprises a patient interface device gateway, the gateway is operable patient interface device to a patient in conjunction with one or more data sources to a plurality of patient interface devices each patient interface device, thereby automatically updating database stored on each patient interface device. 这种数据库的自动更新通过利用由患者相关数据的一个或更多个源所保持的对应的患者相关数据而实现。 This automatic updating of the database is achieved by using the patient-related data corresponding to a patient-related data from one or more sources maintained. 就此而言,每个患者接口设备中的数据库可以被保持,以使每个患者接口设备包含可由患者接口设备使用以创建患者特异性指导数据集的数据,其中患者特异性指导数据集可被患者接口设备使用以在患者接口设备与患者结合时控制患者接口设备。 In this regard, each patient interface device can be kept in the database, so that each patient interface device may include a patient interface device use data to create patient-specific guidance data set, in which the patient-specific guidance data set can be patient an interface device used to control when the patient interface device with a patient interface device.

[0013] 在各种实施例中:多个患者接口设备的至少一部分中的每个可操作以向患者施用医学治疗;多个患者接口设备的至少一部分中的每个可操作以向患者施用药物;多个患者接口设备的至少一部分中的每个可操作以向患者施用液体药物;并且多个患者接口设备的至少一部分中的每个可包含输液泵。 At least a portion of the plurality of patient interface devices each operable to administer medical treatment to a patient; and each operable in at least a portion of the plurality of patient interface devices in administering medication to a patient: [0013] In various embodiments ; at least a portion of the plurality of patient interface devices each operable to administer liquid medication to a patient; and a plurality of patient interface devices may each comprise a portion of at least an infusion pump.

[0014] 在一种方法中,所有所述多个患者接口设备的每一个都可包含输液泵。 [0014] In one approach, all of the plurality of patient interface devices may each include an infusion pump. 在另一方法中,多个患者接口设备的至少一部分中的每个可操作以监控患者的至少一项指标。 In another method, at least a portion of each of the plurality of operable patient interface device to monitor the patient at least one indicator.

[0015] 在一种方法中,该组患者可包含医疗护理机构(例如,如诊所或医院)收治的患者。 [0015] In one method, a patient may comprise the set of medical care facility (e.g., such as a clinic or hospital) in patients admitted. 就此而言,该组患者可以是医疗护理机构中的已开具使用患者接口设备进行护理(例如,已开具输液泵施用的药物)的患者。 In this regard, the patient may be set in a medical care facility has issued patient care device using an interface (e.g., a drug infusion pump has been issued administration) patients.

[0016] 患者相关数据可包括一个或更多个数据库。 [0016] The patient-related data may include one or more databases. 这些数据库可由在其中设置有所述系统的机构管理,并且可包括以下类型的数据库中的一个或更多个:电子病历(EMR)数据库、药房数据库;医院病历数据库;药物施用记录数据库;以及入院、出院和转院数据库。 These databases may be provided therein with a management mechanism of the system, and may include one type of database or more of: an electronic medical record (EMR) database, the pharmacy database; hospital records database; Drug administration record database; and admission , discharge and transfer database. 还可包括其他合适的数据库。 It may also include other suitable database.

[0017] 在一个实施例中,该系统还可包括逻辑模块,该逻辑模块适于为该组患者中的任意患者创建患者特异性指导数据集。 [0017] In one embodiment, the system further includes a logic module, wherein the logic adapted to any patient in the group of patients created patient-specific guidance data set. 这样的患者特异性指导数据集可适用于将患者接口设备与对应的患者结合。 Such patient-specific guidance data set may be applied to the patient interface device in conjunction with the corresponding patient. 该逻辑模块能够响应于患者相关数据的改变而自动地更新患者特异性指导数据集。 The logic module can be changed in response to the patient-related data is automatically updated patient-specific guidance data set. 在一种方法中,该系统还可包括治疗数据库,并且该逻辑模块能够响应于治疗数据库的改变自动地更新患者特异性指导数据集。 In one method, the system may further include a therapy database, and the logic module in response to a change in therapy database automatically update patient specific guidance data set. 该逻辑模块可基于存储在治疗数据库中的治疗数据(包括药物数据)和患者相关数据确定更新后的患者特异性指导数据集。 The logic can be based on data stored in the therapeutic treatment of the database (data including a drug) and the patient-related data to determine patient-specific guidance data set updates. 多个患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备可包括这样的逻辑模块。 A plurality of patient interface devices each patient interface device may include a logic module.

[0018] 另外,患者接口设备中的每个可包括输入端口。 [0018] Further, each of the patient interface device may include an input port. 患者相关数据的改变可源自多个患者接口设备中的一个的输入端口。 Changing patient related data can be derived from a plurality of input ports patient interface devices. 就此而言,该输入端口可具有任何合适的形式,这包括例如,条形码读取器、读卡器(例如,能够读取卡上的磁条)、RFID读取器、键盘、小键盘、触摸屏(例如,带有菜单驱动的界面)、数据端口和/或无线适配器。 In this regard, the input port may have any suitable form, including, for example, a barcode reader, a card reader (e.g., capable of reading the magnetic stripe on the card), the RFID reader, a keyboard, a keypad, touchscreen (e.g., with a menu-driven interface), data ports and / or wireless adapter. 患者相关数据的改变可源自除多个患者接口设备中的一个以外的源,例如,如互连到药房数据库或任何其他数据库的终端。 Changing patient-related data may be derived from a source other plurality of patient interface devices other than a, for example, as a database interconnected to the pharmacy terminal or any other databases.

[0019] 在一种变型中,多个患者接口设备中的每个可适于将与其执行的动作相关的数据经由患者接口设备网关发送到患者相关数据的一个或更多个源。 [0019] In one variant, the plurality of patient interface devices each of which may be adapted to perform its operation related to a data transmission of patient-related data sources via one or more patient interface device gateway. 就此而言,患者相关数据可反映由多个患者接口设备执行的动作。 In this regard, the patient-related data may reflect the actions performed by the plurality of patient interface devices. 例如,当多个患者接口设备的至少一部分是输液泵时,每个这种输液泵可适于将泵特异性数据集传输到泵监测数据库,所述泵监测数据库可以是系统的部分。 For example, when a plurality of at least a portion of the patient interface device is an infusion pump, the infusion pump may be adapted to each such transfer pump to the pump-specific data set surveillance database, the database may be part of pump monitoring system. 泵特异性数据集可包括与泵性能相关的数据,例如,运行时间和/或抽运的药物体积。 Pump-specific data set may include data related to the pump performance, for example, running time and / or volume of drug pumped. 泵监测数据库可用于跟踪输液泵性能并确定维护和/或更换时间间隔。 Pump surveillance database can be used to track the performance of an infusion pump and to determine maintenance and / or replacement intervals.

[0020] 作为示例,患者接口设备网关可包括连接到患者相关数据的一个或更多个源的通信链路、连接到治疗数据库的通信链路以及连接到多个患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备的通信链路。 Each patient [0020] As an example, the gateway may include a patient interface device connected to the communication link data related to a patient one or more sources of communication link to the database and the connection to the treatment of a plurality of patient interface devices device interface communication link. 患者接口设备网关还可包括连接到外部全局治疗数据库的通信链路。 Patient interface device may further include a gateway connected to an external communication link database of global therapy. 在一种实现方式中,患者接口设备网关可以是服务器的形式。 In one implementation, the patient interface device may be in the form of the gateway server.

[0021] 在另一方面,公开一种更新与患者有关的患者特异性指导数据集的方法。 [0021] On the other hand, it is disclosed for updating specific guidance data set related to the patient with the patient's method. 患者特异性指导数据集设置在第一患者接口设备内,并且适用于将第一患者接口设备与对应的患者结合。 Patient specific guidance data set disposed in the first patient interface device, and adapted to bind the first patient interface device with a corresponding patient. 该方法包括将与患者有关的信息输入到第一患者接口设备中,然后通过患者接口设备网关将来自第一患者接口设备的信息自动传输到患者相关数据的一个或更多个源中。 The method includes the patient information related to the first input of patient interface devices, and to automatically transmit data related to a patient or more sources of information via the patient interface device of the first gateway from the patient interface device. 该方法还包括使用所述信息修改患者相关数据的一个或更多个源以创建更新后的患者相关数据,以及自动更新与患者有关的患者特异性指导数据集以创建更新后的与患者有关的患者特异性指导数据集。 The method further comprises using the information to modify one or more sources of patient-related data to create the updated patient data, and automatically updates the patient-related patient-specific guidance data set to create a patient-related updated patient-specific guidance data set. 该更新通过设置在第一患者接口设备内的逻辑模块执行,并且是基于治疗数据库内的数据和更新后的患者相关数据。 The update by the first logic module is disposed within the patient interface device is performed, and is based on patient-related data and updates the data in the database treatment. 该方法还包括在第一患者接口设备上存储更新后的与患者有关的患者特异性指导数据集,以及将与更新后的患者相关数据有关的数据存储在通信地互连到患者接口设备网关的多个其他患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备上。 The method further comprises a patient interface device on a first storage after the update of specific guidance data set related to patient to patient, and the patient-related data associated with the update data stored in the communication gateway interface device interconnected to a patient a plurality of interface devices in other patients on each patient interface device.

[0022] 在一个实施例中,该方法还可包括将患者的患者标识信息输入到第一患者接口设备中,然后响应于输入患者标识信息的步骤,访问所述更新后的与患者有关的患者特异性指导数据集,以及根据更新后的与患者有关的患者特异性指导数据集向患者施用医疗护理。 [0022] In one embodiment, the method may further include patient identification information inputted to the first patient in the patient interface device, and in response to a step input patient identification information, patient to patient access to the updated relevant specific guidance data set, as well as administering medical care to patients based on patient-related patient-specific guidance data set updates. 在一种变型中,施用医疗护理可包含:向患者施用医学治疗;向患者施用药物;和/或向患者施用液体药物。 In one variant, the medical care administered may comprise: administering medical treatment to a patient; administering medication to a patient; and / or liquid pharmaceutical administration to a patient. 在一种变型中,施用医学治疗可包括向患者注入液体药物,其中患者接口设备是输液栗。 In one variant, the medical treatment can comprise administration of injecting liquid drug to a patient, wherein the patient interface device is an infusion Li.

[0023] 在一个实施例中,多个其他患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备可包括逻辑模块,该逻辑模块适于生成更新后的与患者有关的患者特异性指导数据集,并且该方法还可包括这些其他患者接口设备中的一个通过所包含的逻辑模块生成更新后的与患者有关的患者特异性指导数据集。 [0023] In one embodiment, a plurality of other patient interface devices each patient interface device may include a logic module, wherein the logic adapted to specific guidance data set related to patient to patient to generate an updated, and the method further comprising patient specific guidance data set related to the patient after one of these other patient interface devices via the logic module to generate an updated included. 这种生成可基于治疗数据库内的数据和更新后的患者相关数据。 Such patient-related data may be generated based on the data and updates the database treatment.

[0024] 在又一方面,提供一种更新多个患者接口设备数据库的方法。 [0024] In a further aspect, there is provided a method of updating a plurality of databases patient interface device. 多个患者接口设备数据库中的每个患者接口设备数据库包含与多个患者有关的数据,并被设置在多个患者接口设备中的独特患者接口设备内。 A plurality of patient interface device database for each patient interface device database comprising data relating to a plurality of patients, and is disposed within the patient interface device unique plurality of patient interface devices. 多个患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备通信地互连到患者接口设备网关。 A plurality of patient interface devices each patient interface device is communicatively interconnected to the patient interface device gateway. 该方法包括使用与多个患者中的患者相关的信息修改患者相关数据以创建更新后的患者相关数据,然后更新主数据库以创建更新后的主数据库,然后更新每个患者接口设备数据库。 The method comprises using information relating to the patient a plurality of patients modify a patient to create patient related data related update data, then update the master database to create the primary database updated, and update each patient interface device database.

[0025] 在又一方面,提供一种更新多个患者接口设备数据库的方法。 [0025] In a further aspect, there is provided a method of updating a plurality of databases patient interface device. 每个患者接口设备数据库包括与多个患者有关的数据。 Each patient interface device database comprising data relating to a plurality of patients. 每个患者接口设备数据库被设置在多个患者接口设备中的独特患者接口设备内。 The patient interface device unique to each interface device is provided in a plurality of patient database of patient interface devices. 当前方面的方法包括使用与药物有关的信息修改治疗数据库以创建修改后的治疗数据库,然后更新主数据库以创建更新后的主数据库,并且基于更新后的主数据库,更新每个患者接口设备数据库。 The method of the present aspect includes using information related to modifying drug therapy database to create the modified therapy database and update the main database to create the primary database updated, based on the updated master database, database updating each patient interface device.

[0026] 另一方面提供了一种患者接口设备,该患者接口设备包含输入端口、适于存储数据库的计算机可读存储器、适于基于在输入端口处接收到的患者标识信息选择数据库内的记录的逻辑模块、适于基于该记录生成与患者相关联的患者特异性指导数据集的逻辑模块、以及适于根据存储在与患者相关联的患者特异性指导数据集内的信息控制患者接口设备的逻辑模块。 [0026] Another aspect provides a patient interface device, the patient interface device comprises an input port, a database adapted to store computer readable memory and adapted to record the received at an input port select information database based on the patient identification a logic module adapted to generate based on the record associated with the patient's patient-specific guidance logic data set, and adapted to control patient interface device according to patient-specific information stored in the guidance data associated with the patient associated sets of logic module. 该输入端口适于接收患者标识信息。 The input port adapted to receive patient identification information.

[0027] 在一种方法中,患者接口设备可包括数据接口,该数据接口可操作以将与患者相关数据的改变有关的数据发送到计算机网络并从计算机网络接收与患者相关数据的改变有关的数据。 [0027] In one method, the patient interface may include a data interface device transmits the data interface operable to change the data associated with the patient related data to the computer network and receiving a change from the patient related data to the computer network data. 患者接口设备可包括逻辑模块,该逻辑模块适于根据经由数据接口从治疗数据库和患者相关数据中获得的信息生成患者特异性指导数据集。 A patient interface device may include a logic module, wherein the logic is adapted to generate patient-specific guidance data set based on the information obtained from the patient and treatment related data in the database via the data interface. 所述数据接口可以是无线接口。 The data interface may be a wireless interface. 输入端口可以可操作以接收条形码、RFID标签、名称、序列号、标识号码、来自嵌入式识别设备和/或标识卡的信号的形式的信息。 Input port operable to receive a bar code, RFID tags, name, serial number, identification number, in the form of a signal identification device from the embedded and / or the card identification information.

[0028] 在又一方面中,提供包括弟一患者接口设备和弟二患者接口设备的多个患者接口设备。 [0028] In a further aspect, there is provided a patient interface device includes a plurality of interface devices and younger brother two patients with a patient interface device. 第一患者接口设备包括第一计算机可读存储器、数据库和逻辑模块。 The first patient interface device comprises a first computer-readable memory, databases and logic module. 所述数据库存储在第一计算机可读存储器中并包括与第一患者相关联的第一记录和与第二患者相关联的第二记录。 The first database is stored in a computer-readable memory and a second record comprising second patient and a patient associated with a first record associated with the first.

[0029] 所述逻辑模块可操作以基于与第一患者相关联的第一记录创建第一患者特异性指导数据集。 [0029] The first logic module is operable to record associated with the first patient based on the patient-specific guidance creating a first data set. 第一患者特异性指导数据集适用于将多个患者接口设备中的任一个与第一患者结合。 The first patient-specific guidance data set is adapted for any of the plurality of interface devices in a patient in conjunction with the first patient. 该逻辑模块还可操作以基于与第二患者相关联的第二记录创建第二患者特异性指导数据集。 The logic module is further operable to a second record based on a patient associated with a second patient-specific guidance to create a second data set. 第二患者特异性指导数据集适用于将多个患者接口设备中的任一个与第二患者结合。 The second patient-specific guidance data set is adapted for any of the plurality of patient interface devices combined with a second patient. 多个患者接口设备还包括第二患者接口设备,该第二患者接口设备包括第二计算机可读存储器、存储在第二计算机可读存储器中的所述数据库的副本以及所述逻辑模块的副本。 A plurality of patient interface device further includes a second patient interface device, the second copy of the second patient interface device comprises a computer readable memory, a database stored in the second copy of the computer readable memory and the logic module.

[0030] 这样的多个患者接口设备允许若干患者设备中的任何一个与特定患者一起使用,因为每个患者接口设备能够将其逻辑模块应用到存储在患者接口设备上的数据库,以创建患者特异性指导数据集。 [0030] Such a plurality of patient interface devices and allows the use of any particular patient with a plurality of devices in a patient, as each patient interface device which can be applied to the logic module database stored on the patient interface device, to create a patient-specific guidance data set. 例如,当多个患者接口设备包括多个输液泵时,可使用多个输液泵中的任一个向患者注入药物。 For example, when a plurality of patient interface devices include a plurality of infusion pumps, infusion pumps may be used in any of a plurality of injection of drugs to a patient. 可执行这种用法而不需要在使用输液法向患者注入药物之前将任意额外的数据载入到选定的输液泵。 This usage without the need to perform prior to injecting medication to a patient using an infusion method to load any additional data to the selected infusion pump. 这是可能的,因为数据库包括与患者有关的所有必要的数据,并且所述逻辑模块包括必要的智能以基于这种数据确定合适的输液配置(profile)。 This is possible because the database includes all the necessary data related to the patient, and the logic module includes the necessary intelligence based on such data to determine the appropriate infusion configuration (profile).

[0031] 在另一方面,提供一种与对应一组患者的患者相关数据的一个或更多个源连用的系统。 [0031] In another aspect, the one or more sources used in conjunction with a system corresponding to a group of patients with patient-related data. 该系统包括逻辑模块和患者接口设备网关。 The system includes a patient interface logic and the gateway device. 该逻辑模块适于基于存储在治疗数据库中的治疗数据和存储在患者相关数据的一个或更多个源中的患者数据创建多个患者特异性指导数据集。 The logic is adapted to create a plurality of patient treatment based on specific guidance data set stored in the data storage and the treatment of the patient data in the database a patient one or more data sources. 每个患者特异性指导数据集与独特的患者相关联。 Each patient-specific guidance data set is associated with a unique patient. 患者接口设备网关适于将所述逻辑模块与患者相关数据的一个或更多个源和治疗数据库结合。 Patient interface device is adapted to combine one of the gateway logic module associated with the patient data and treatment of one or more database sources. 患者接口设备网关还适于将患者相关数据的一个或更多个源和/或治疗数据库内的数据的副本发送到多个患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备中。 Patient interface device gateway is further adapted to transmit a copy of the data related to the patient or more sources and / or treatment within the database data to a plurality of patient interface devices each patient interface device.

[0032] 一个附加的方面提供一种操作患者接口设备的方法。 [0032] An additional aspect there is provided a method of operating a patient interface device. 该方法包括将第一患者的标识信息输入到患者接口设备中,然后根据常驻在患者接口设备内的数据库自动生成第一患者特异性指导数据集。 The method includes a first input the patient identification information to the patient interface device, and then automatically generate a first data set based on patient-specific guidance database resident within the patient interface device. 第一患者特异性指导数据集适用于将患者接口设备接口到第一患者。 The first patient-specific guidance data set is adapted for patient interface device interfaces to the first patient. 该方法还包括根据第一患者特异性指导数据集内的参数将患者接口设备结合到第一患者。 The method further comprises bonding the first patient to patient interface device according to the first patient-specific parameters within the guidance data set. 这样的结合,例如,可包括:监测患者的指标和/或向患者施用药物。 Such a combination, for example, may comprise: monitoring the patient for indicators and / or administration of medication to a patient.

[0033] 在本方面的一个实施例中,该方法还可包括将第二患者的标识信息输入到患者接口设备中,然后根据常驻在患者接口设备内的数据库自动生成第二患者特异性指导数据集,接着根据第二患者特异性指导数据集内的参数将患者接口设备与第二患者结合。 [0033] In one embodiment of this aspect, the method may further comprise identification information of the second input of the patient interface device to the patient, and then automatically generate patient-specific guidance in accordance with a second database resident within the patient interface device data set, then the patient interface device coupled to the second parameter within a patient in accordance with a second patient-specific guidance data set. 包括与第一患者和第二患者都结合的方法可在患者接口设备与外部数据库或外部设备之间没有任何通信的情况下进行。 The method carried out comprises a first and a second patient and the patients can not bind any communication between the interface device and an external database or the external device condition of the patient.

[0034] 在另一方面,提供一种管理包含多个患者接口设备的系统中的数据的方法。 [0034] In another aspect, there is provided a method of managing data system comprising a plurality of interface devices in a patient. 该方法包括在患者接口设备网关处接收数据,并基于所接收的数据更新主数据库。 The method comprises receiving data at the patient interface device gateway, and to update the master database based on the received data. 所述更新包括主数据库的第一组改变。 Updating the first set of changes includes the master database. 该方法还包括将第一组改变广播到多个患者接口设备,并且针对每个患者接口设备,使用第一组改变更新常驻在患者接口设备中的数据库。 The method further comprises a first set of changes to broadcast the plurality of patient interface devices, and for each patient interface device, using a first set of permanent changes in the patient interface device to update the database.

[0035] 在一个实施例中,该方法还包括将接收到的数据的第一子集发送到第一数据库以及将接收到的数据的第二子集发送到第二数据库。 [0035] In one embodiment, the method further includes sending a first subset of the received data to the first database and the second subset of the received data to the second database. 第一数据库和第二数据库是各自包含患者相关数据的独特数据库。 The first database and the second database containing patient-related data are each unique database. 例如,第一数据库可以是药房数据库而第二数据库可以是EMR数据库。 For example, the first database may be a pharmacy database and the second database may be a database EMR.

[0036] 在另一个实施例中,该方法还可包括将接收到的数据的第一子集发送到第一数据库以及将接收到的数据的第二子集发送到第二数据库,其中,数据的第一子集与患者状态有关,而数据的第二子集与患者接口设备状态有关。 [0036] In another embodiment, the method may also include sending a first subset of the received data to the first database and a second subset of the received data to the second database, wherein data a first subset of patient status, while the second subset of data related to the patient interface device state. 例如,当患者接口设备是输液泵时,数据的第一子集可包括关于向患者传送药物的信息,例如传送时间和日期、药物类型、剂量、施用速率和护理人员标识,而数据的第二子集可包括关于患者接口设备的性能的信息,诸如所执行的行程的数目和输液泵序列号。 For example, when the patient interface device is an infusion pump, the first subset of data transmission may include information regarding the medication to a patient, for example, transmission date and time, type of medication, dose, rate of administration and caregiver identification, and the second data subset may include information about the performance of a patient interface device, such as a stroke executed by the infusion pump and the number of sequence numbers.

[0037] 在又一个方面,提供一种操作患者接口设备的方法,该方法包括识别预定条件的存在,所述预定条件指示存储在患者接口设备内的数据的流动的缺乏。 [0037] In a further aspect, there is provided a method of operating a patient interface device, the method comprising identifying the presence of a predetermined condition, the lack of flow within the patient interface device data indicative of said predetermined storage conditions. 该识别由患者接口设备执行。 The identification is performed by the patient interface device. 就此而言,患者接口设备可以是可操作的,从而识别若干独特的预定条件,其中任何一个预定条件可以指示存储在患者接口设备内的数据的流动的缺乏。 In this regard, the patient interface device may be operable to identify a plurality of unique predetermined conditions, lack of any one of the predetermined conditions may indicate that the data stored within the patient interface device flow.

[0038] 在一个实施例中,该方法可还包括警告用户存储在患者接口设备内的数据的流动的缺乏。 [0038] In one embodiment, the method may further comprise flowing within the patient interface device warns the user data stored lacking. 该警告可由患者接口设备执行,并且可以是,例如,以可视或可听信号的形式。 The warning performed by the patient interface device, and may be, for example, in the form of a visual or audible signal. 这种警告可以是响应于对数据的流动的缺乏的识别。 This warning may be in response to a lack of data flow identification. 在一种变型中,患者接口设备可阻止用户使用患者接口设备与患者结合。 In a variant, the patient interface device may prevent a user interface device used in conjunction with a patient patient. 在另一种变型中,患者接口设备可删除存储在患者接口设备内的数据的至少一部分。 In another variant, the patient interface device may remove at least a portion of a patient interface device in data storage.

[0039] 在一个实施例中,所识别的预定条件可以是自由患者接口设备接收的自患者接口设备网关的通信而没有接收到来自患者接口设备网关的后续通信起通过的预定量时间。 [0039] In one embodiment, the predetermined condition may be identified communication interface gateway device from the patient interface device receives patient is free without receiving a subsequent communication from the gateway interface device from the patient through a predetermined amount of time. 一旦已经过了该预定量时间而没有接收到来自患者接口设备网关的后续通信,患者接口设备可通过警告用户、阻止用户使用患者接口设备与患者结合、和/或删除存储在患者接口设备内的数据的至少一部分来做出反应。 Once has passed the predetermined amount of time without receiving a subsequent communication from the patient interface device gateway, the patient interface device can alert the user, prevent users from using patient interface device in conjunction with a patient, and / or delete stored within the patient interface device at least a portion of the data to make the reaction. 在一个例子中,预定量时间的长度可基于患者接口设备的类型分配给患者接口设备。 In one example, the length of a predetermined amount of time may be allocated based on the type of patient interface device to a patient interface device. 在另一个例子中,可向特定组(例如,医疗机构)的每个患者接口设备分配通用的预定时间长度。 In another example, the predetermined length of time to a particular generic group (e.g., medical) device may dispense interface each patient. 在一种变型中,患者接口设备可首先通过阻止用户使用患者接口设备与患者结合来做出反应,并且,如果在第二预定量时间内没有接收到来自患者接口设备网关的后续通信,则接着患者接口设备可删除存储在患者接口设备内的数据的至少一部分。 In a variant, the patient interface device may first patient interface device by preventing the user to react in combination with a patient and, if not receiving a subsequent communication from the patient interface device gateway within a second predetermined amount of time, then a patient interface device may delete data stored within the patient interface device at least a portion. 可以以确定第一预定量时间的方式相似的方式确定第二预定量时间。 A second predetermined amount of time may be determined to determine a first predetermined amount of time in a similar manner.

[0040] 在另一个实施例中,所识别的预定条件可基于缺乏接收来自患者接口设备网关的串行化通信。 [0040] In another embodiment, the predetermined condition may be identified based on a lack of communication from the receive serial interface device gateway patient. 就此而言,该方法可包括在识别步骤之前由患者接口设备接收来自患者接口设备网关的第一通信和来自患者接口设备网关的第二通信。 In this regard, the method may include receiving a first communication and the second communication interface device from the gateway from the patient interface device gateway patient interface device by the patient prior to the identification step. 第一通信和第二通信都可包括串行化标识。 A first communication and second communication may include a serialized identifier. 在这样的实施例中,识别步骤可包括由患者接口设备基于第一串行化标识和第二串行化标识确定不存在具有在第一串行化标识和第二串行化标识之间的串行化标识的一个或更多个通信。 In such an embodiment, the identifying step may comprise a patient interface device is determined based on the first identifier and the second serialized serialized identification does not yet exist between the first and second identification serialized serialized identifier a serialization identity or more communication. 一旦已经识别了这样的预定条件(一个或更多个缺失的通信),患者接口设备可通过请求来自患者接口设备网关的缺失的通信、向用户警告缺失的通信、阻止用户使用患者接口设备与患者结合和/或删除存储在患者接口设备内的数据的至少一部分来做出反应。 Once this has been identified predetermined condition (loss of communication with one or more), the patient interface device by requesting the deletion from the patient interface device gateway communication, warning the user to the absence of communication, prevent users from using patient interface device and the patient binding and / or delete data stored in the patient interface device to react at least a portion.

[0041]当考虑下面提供的实施例描述时,本发明的许多附加特征和优点对于本领域的普通技术人员来说将变得明显。 [0041] When considering the following description of embodiments provided, many additional features and advantages of the present invention to those of ordinary skill in the art will become apparent.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0042] 图1A示出一种包括多个患者接口设备的用于与患者结合并管理数据的系统。 [0042] FIG 1A illustrates a patient interface system comprising a plurality of devices for binding and managing data of a patient.

[0043] 图1B示出图1A的系统的一部分,其中患者接口设备之间具有互连。 [0043] Figure 1B shows part of the system of FIG. 1A, wherein the patient interface device having an interconnect between.

[0044] 图1C示出图1A的系统的一部分,其中患者接口设备外部具有化身(avatar)。 [0044] FIG. 1C illustrates a portion of the system of FIG. 1A, in which the exterior of the patient interface device having an avatar (avatar).

[0045] 图2是一种通过将数据输入到患者接口设备中以更新与患者有关的患者特异性指导数据集的方法的流程图。 [0045] FIG. 2 is a data input by the patient interface device to update the patient-related data sets of patient-specific guidance flowchart of a method.

[0046] 图3是通过将数据输入到患者相关数据中以更新患者特异性指导数据集的方法的流程图。 Flowchart [0046] FIG. 3 is a data input by the data related to the patient to update patient-specific guidance data set method.

[0047] 图4是通过将数据输入到治疗数据库以更新患者特异性指导数据集的方法的流程图。 [0047] FIG. 4 is the treatment by inputting data to the database to update a flowchart of a method of patient-specific guidance data set.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0048] 图1A示出一种智能系统100,该智能系统100用于在给定医疗护理机构或医疗保健机构网络中与患者结合(例如,向患者施用药物,诸如使用输液泵或吸入器向患者施用药液、对患者实施治疗、或监测患者指标)和管理数据。 [0048] Figure 1A shows an intelligent system 100, the intelligent system 100 is used in conjunction with patient or medical care facility in health care institutions in a given network (e.g., the drug is administered to a patient, such as using an infusion pump or inhaler to liquid administered to a patient, the treatment on a patient, or the patient is monitored indicators) and management data. 所管理的数据包括,例如,与药物类型相关的数据、与药物施用相关的数据、与输送的治疗相关的数据、与患者相关的数据(例如,标识数据、患者指标)以及系统性能数据。 The management data includes, for example, data related to the type of drug, and administration of drug-related data, associated with therapy delivery data, data relating to the patient (e.g., identification data, patient index) and system performance data.

[0049] 通常,系统100包括多个患者接口设备101,其包括患者接口设备101a、101b...101η,其中,η是于用具体机构的任何合适的整数。 [0049] Generally, the system 100 includes a plurality of patient interface device 101, which includes a patient interface device 101a, 101b ... 101η, where, [eta] is an integer specific to any suitable mechanism used. 一个以上的患者接口设备可与具体患者相关联。 One or more patient interface device may be associated with a particular patient. 多个患者接口设备101中的每个患者接口设备能够以自动的方式与患者接口,其中一旦被启动,每一个患者接口设备可以被编程以传送药物或治疗或监测患者,可执行功能的至少一部分而无需额外的输入。 A plurality of patient interface devices 101 each patient interface device can be automated manner with the patient interface, wherein Once activated, each patient interface device may be programmed to deliver a drug or therapeutic or monitoring a patient, at least a portion of executable functions without additional input. 例如,在患者接口设备IOla是输液泵的情况下,输液泵可以可操作以通过插入患者体内的导管抽运液体药物来将液体药物传送给患者。 For example, in the patient interface device is IOla infusion pump, the infusion pump may be operable to a catheter inserted into the patient through the pumped fluid medicament to transfer a liquid drug to a patient.

[0050] 多个患者接口设备101中的每个患者接口设备可包括存储器119,其中患者特异性指导数据集109可存储在存储器119中。 [0050] plurality of patient interface devices 101 each patient interface device may include a memory 119, wherein the patient-specific guidance data set 109 may be stored in memory 119. 每个患者接口设备可包括输入部件和输出部件以便从患者接口设备101输出信息和将信息输入患者接口设备101。 Each patient interface device may include an input member and an output member to the patient interface device 101 from the output information and patient information input interface device 101. 每个患者接口设备可包括至少一个网络连接,其能够通过如有线或无线连接方式连接到患者接口设备网络102或其他患者接口设备101。 Each patient interface device may comprise at least one network connection, which can be connected to the patient interface device 102 or other network interface devices 101 patients by way of a wired or wireless connection.

[0051] 患者接口设备网络102可帮助多个患者接口设备101与患者接口设备网关04的通信互连。 [0051] The patient interface device 102 can help network devices communicatively interconnected plurality of patient interface 101 and patient interface device gateway 04. 患者接口设备网关104可以是以服务器的形式。 Patient interface device 104 may be in the form of a gateway server. 患者接口设备网关104可以通信互连(例如,通过网络103)到患者相关数据105,所述患者相关数据105包括与特定个体患者相关的信息。 Patient interface device gateway 104 may communicate interconnected (e.g., via network 103) to the patient-related data 105, 105 comprising the patient-related data associated with a particular individual patient information. 患者接口设备网关104也可通信互连到治疗数据库106,该治疗数据库106包括与各种疗法(包括药物)相关的信息,例如包含关于药物配方和各种类型药物的给药实践的细节内容的配方手册。 Patient interface device gateway 104 may also be communicatively interconnected to the treatment database 106, the database 106 includes a variety of therapeutic treatments (including drug) related information, for example, contain the details regarding the practice of administering drug formulations and various types of drugs formularies. 患者接口设备网关104也可以通信互连到泵监测数据库107,其中泵监测数据库107可包括与包括输液泵的多个患者接口设备101的一部分的性能相关的信息。 Patient interface device gateway 104 may also communicate with the monitoring database 107 interconnected to the pump, wherein the pump surveillance database 107 may include information related to the performance of a part of an infusion pump comprises a plurality of interface devices 101 of the patient information. 患者接口设备网关104也可通信互连到任何其他合适的数据库,如医疗机构可维护的其他数据库。 Patient interface device gateway 104 may also be communicatively interconnected to any other suitable databases, other databases such as medical institutions can be maintained.

[0052] 系统100可包含单一类型的患者接口设备01。 [0052] The system 100 may comprise a single type of a patient interface device 01. 例如,在一个示例性系统中,系统100的所有患者接口设备101可以是输液泵。 For example, in one exemplary system, all the system patient interface devices 101 may be 100 infusion pump. 在这种系统中,患者接口设备网关104可被称为输液栗网关。 In such a system, a patient interface device 104 may be referred to as a gateway infusion Li gateway.

[0053] 主数据库113可以通信互连到患者接口设备网关104。 [0053] The master database 113 may be communicatively interconnected to the patient interface device gateway 104. 主数据库113可包括用于操作患者接口设备101的数据。 Primary database 113 may include a data interface device 101 is operated by the patient. 例如,主数据库113可包括来自患者相关数据105和/或治疗数据库106的信息,其与患者接口设备101的操作相关。 For example, the primary database 113 may include information or data from the relevant patient 105 and / therapy database 106, which is associated with the operator interface apparatus 101 patients. 作为一个例子,当患者接口设备101中的一个或更多个是输液泵时,主数据库113可包括关于患者状况的信息和关于开具给患者的药物的信息。 As an example, when the patient interface device 101 to one or more of which is an infusion pump, the primary database 113 may include information about the patient status information and issued to the patient on the drug. 主数据库113还可包括关于在使用主数据库113的机构中工作的人员的数据。 Primary database 113 may also include data regarding the use of personnel working in the mechanism of the primary database 113. 这些数据可用来识别或验证操作患者接口设备101的人员的身份。 These data can be used to identify or verify the identity of the person operating the patient interface device 101. 患者接口设备网关104可帮助如下所述的主数据库113的流动的维持。 It flows to maintain the patient interface device gateway 104 as described below may help master database 113.

[0054] 系统100可包括一个或更多个化身108。 [0054] The system 100 may include one or more avatar 108. 每个化身108可被定位在患者接口设备的存储器119中。 Each avatar 108 in the memory 119 may be positioned in the patient interface device. 每个化身108可包含数据库114和逻辑模块115。 Each avatar 108 may comprise a database 114 and logic module 115. 数据库114可包括来自主数据库113的数据。 Database 114 may include data from the primary database 113. 例如,数据库114可以是主数据库13的副本,并且数据库114可被定期更新以保持与主数据库113等同。 For example, database 114 may be a copy of the master database 13, and database 114 may be periodically updated to maintain the primary database 113 equivalents. 就此而言,主数据库113的任何改变可以被传输至每个化身108的数据库114中。 In this regard, any change in the primary database 113 may be transmitted to each avatar 108 in the database 114.

[0055] 化身108的逻辑模块115能够根据位于数据库114中的信息构建患者特异性指导数据集109。 [0055] avatar logic module 115 can be constructed 108 patient-specific guidance data set 109 based on the information in the database 114 is located. 例如,当患者特异性指导数据集109将要包括关于药物施用的信息时(例如,当患者接口设备101是输液泵时),化身108的逻辑模块115能够根据位于与患者和待施用的具体药物有关的数据库114中的信息构建输液参数形式的患者特异性指导数据集109。 For example, when the patient specific guidance data set 109 to include information regarding drug administration (e.g., when the patient interface device 101 is an infusion pump), the avatar logic module 115, 108 can be the patient and the particular drug to be administered is related according positioned information database 114 constructs the form of infusion parameters patient specific guidance data set 109.

[0056] 系统100可以可操作以与系统100外部的数据库结合,如全局治疗数据库110和全局主泵监测数据库111,其中的每一个都将在下面进行讨论。 [0056] The database system 100 may be operable to bind with the external system 100, such as global database 110 and the treatment of global primary pump surveillance database 111, each of which will be discussed below. [0057] 转到患者相关数据105,患者相关数据105可包含患者组112的数据。 [0057] 105 to the patient-related data, patient-related data 105 may include data 112 patient group. 这种患者相关数据105可包括与患者组112中的个体患者有关的信息。 Such patient-related data 105 may include information relating to the individual patient in 112 patient group. 患者组112可以,例如,是当前被具体医院或机构收治的一组患者,或者其可以该组患者的子集,例如当前被医院的具体部门收治的患者或被具体医院收治且已开具输液治疗处方的患者。 Patient group 112 may, for example, is currently a particular group of patients admitted to hospital or institution, or it may be a subset of the group of patients, for example, is currently admitted to hospital patient-specific or specific sectors have been admitted to hospital and issued infusion therapy patient prescriptions. 在另一例子中,患者组112可以是一组当前处于共同管理下的医院和/或其他机构的特定网络收治的患者。 In another example, the patient group may be a group of 112 patients currently admitted to hospital specific network and / or other institutions under common management. 该机构可以是,例如医院、专业治疗中心、诊所、门诊患者机构、医生办公室、移动治疗机构、患者的个人家庭或在其中患者可接受药物输液的任何其他合适的一个或多个地点。 The mechanism may be, for example, hospitals, professional treatment centers, clinics, outpatient organizations, doctors' offices, mobile treatment facility, the patient's family or individual in any other suitable infusion drugs a patient may receive one or more locations therein. 患者组112还可包括未来或过去的患者,诸如计划由具体机构收治的患者或先前已经进入具体机构治疗的患者。 Patients may also include a group of 112 patients in the future or the past, such as plans by the specific agency or previously treated patients have entered treatment of patients with specific institutions. 包含在患者相关数据105中的关于患者组112中的个体患者的信息可包括,但不限于,标识数据(例如,姓名、地址、身份证号码)、病史、用药史以及当前的健康状态。 Patient-related data contained in the information about the individual patient 105 in the patient group 112 may include, but are not limited to, identification data (e.g., name, address, ID number), medical history, current medication history and state of health.

[0058] 患者相关数据105可包括位于多个位置上的多个数据源。 [0058] 105 patient-related data may include a plurality of data sources on a plurality of positions. 患者相关数据105可包括医院可访问以确定如何治疗患者的任何合适的数据库,包括与可以给患者施用的药物的剂量相关的患者信息。 Patient-related data 105 may include hospitals accessed to determine how to treat a patient any appropriate database, the patient information including the patient doses can be administered to a drug-related. 患者相关数据105可包括机构的(例如,医院的)病历数据库或其一部分。 Patient-related data 105 may include (e.g., a hospital) or a portion of the medical records database mechanism.

[0059] 例如,患者相关数据105可包括药房数据库,药房数据库包含与当前开具给具体患者和先前给具体患者施用的药物相关的数据以及与药物过敏、药物之间的相互作用和适当剂量有关的任何信息。 [0059] For example, patient-related data 105 may include a pharmacy database, the pharmacy database contains current and previously issued to the particular patient to patient specific data related to the drug administration and drug allergies, interactions between the drug and the appropriate dose related any information. 药房数据库可包括任何其他合适的信息。 Pharmacy database may include any other suitable information.

[0060] 例如,患者相关数据105可包括由机构维护的电子病历(EMR)数据库。 [0060] For example, patient-related data 105 may include electronic medical records maintained by the organization (EMR) database. 在另一个例子中,患者相关数据105可包括包含药物施用记录(MAR)的数据库,其中MAR可用作在机构中给患者施用的药物的合法记录。 In another example, patient-related data 105 may include a database containing drug administration record (MAR) which can be used as a legitimate recording MAR drug administered to the patient in the institution. 在另一个例子中,患者相关数据105可包括包含入院、出院和转院(ADT)信息的数据库。 In another example, patient-related data 105 may include comprise admission, discharge and transfer (ADT) information database.

[0061] 患者相关数据105可设置在单个计算机系统中,或者它可被分布在多个计算机系统中。 [0061] 105 patient-related data may be provided in a single computer system, or it may be distributed among multiple computer systems. 就此而言,患者相关数据105的上述每个组成部分可被设置在一个或更多个单独的计算机系统上。 In this regard, each of said part of the patient-related data 105 may be provided on one or more separate computer systems. 因此,药房数据库可被设置在位于医院的药房中的服务器上,而ADT数据库可被设置在医院的接诊区域内。 Thus, the pharmacy database may be provided located on the hospital pharmacy server, and ADT database may be provided in the areas of the hospital admissions. 可替换地,患者相关数据105的数据库中的一个或更多个可被设置在数据所属的机构的外部。 Alternatively, the patient-related data in the database 105. One or more means may be disposed outside the data belongs.

[0062] 患者相关数据105可通信互连到患者接口设备网关104,使得信息可被传送:1)从患者相关数据105到患者接口设备网关104以及到主数据库113和多个患者接口设备101 ;和2)从多个患者接口设备101通过患者接口设备网关104到主数据库113和到患者相关数据105。 [0062] The patient-related data 105 may be communicatively interconnected to the patient interface device gateway 104, information may be transmitted such that: 1) the patient related data from the patient interface device 105 to the gateway 104, and 113 to the primary database and a plurality of patient interface devices 101; and 2) a plurality of associated data interface devices 101 from the patient through patient interface device gateway 104 to the main database 113, and 105 to the patient. 就此而言,患者接口设备网关104可通信互连到患者相关数据105内的每个数据库。 In this regard, the patient interface device communicatively interconnected to the gateway 104 in the database 105 of each patient-related data. 例如,可将患者接口设备网关104经由网络103互连到药房数据库,其中网络103可采用的形式是局域网(LAN)、内联网、因特网和/或其他任何适当类型的网络。 For example, patient interface device gateway 104 may be interconnected via a network 103 to a pharmacy database, which may take the form of 103 is a local area network (LAN), intranet, the Internet, and / or any other suitable type of network. 患者接口设备网关104和患者相关数据105的各种组成部分之间的连接可以是有线的或无线的。 The connection between the various components of the patient interface device gateway 104 and patient-related data 105 may be wired or wireless.

[0063] 由于新的患者被接纳到机构中,并且患者的状况发生改变,所以可以有必要更新患者相关数据105。 [0063] Since the new patient is received into the mechanism, and the condition of the patient is changed, it can be necessary to update the patient data 105. 这种更新可以用若干种不同的方式实现。 This update can be implemented in several different ways. 例如,可通过向患者相关数据105的数据库中的其中一个输入新信息(例如当接纳新患者时由接待职员或由药剂师向药房数据库输入新的处方)来更新患者相关数据105内的数据。 For example, the new information can be input by the patient-related data in the database 105 wherein (e.g., when receiving a new patient reception staff or by the input of new prescription to the pharmacy by a pharmacist database) 105 to update the data in the patient-related data.

[0064] 在另一个例子中,用户可将更新信息输入到多个患者接口设备101的任何一个中。 [0064] In another example, the user can update any information is input to a plurality of patient interface device 101. 就此而言,患者接口设备(例如患者接口设备IOla)可用于辅助接纳新的患者(例如,在急诊室中)或辅助更新与已有患者有关的信息。 In this regard, a patient interface device (e.g., a patient interface device Iola) may be used to assist a patient to receive a new (e.g., in the emergency room) or auxiliary information relating to the updating existing patient. 然后经由患者接口设备网关104将该信息传输到主数据库113和/或患者相关数据105。 Then to the primary database 113 and / or patient related data 105,104 patient interface device transmits the information via a gateway. 这种传输可以自动发生,这是因为一旦数据被输入到患者接口设备IOla中,数据可被传输到患者相关数据105而无需任何其他的用户输入或者命令。 Such transmission may occur automatically, because once data is input to IOla patient interface device, the data may be transmitted to the patient-related data 105 without any input or other user command. 在一种变型中,可由患者接口设备IOla提示用户确认将数据发送到患者接口设备网关104和/或患者相关数据105。 In a variant, the patient interface device may prompt the user to confirm IOla send data to the patient interface device gateway 104 and / or patient related data 105. 在另一实例中,当发生特定事件时,例如向患者递送药物的开始、输液过程中到达预定阶段时(例如,当输液已经完成一半时)、和/或由输液泵101完成药物向患者的递送时,患者接口设备IOla可自动地把信息发送到患者接口设备网关104。 In another example, when a specific event occurs, such as the delivery of medication to a patient started, when a predetermined stage is reached during infusion (e.g., when the infusion has been completed half), and / or completed by the medication infusion pump to a patient 101 when delivered, IOla patient interface device may automatically send the information to the patient interface device gateway 104.

[0065] 患者接口设备网关104可更新主数据库113和/或患者相关数据105。 [0065] The patient interface device gateway 104 may update the master database 113 and / or patient related data 105. 如果经过预定时间段没有事件发生,患者接口设备101也可通知患者接口设备网关104。 If no event occurred a predetermined period of time elapsed, the patient interface device 101 may also inform the patient interface device gateway 104. 就此而言,这种报告可通知主数据库113这种患者接口设备101仍然连接到网络102并且这种患者接口设备101不具有待提交到主数据库113的新信息。 In this regard, the report informs the master database 113 such patient interface devices 101 and 102 are still connected to the network interface device 101 such patients without primary database 113 with the new information to be submitted to. 相关地,没有这样的报告可向主数据库113指示患者接口设备丢失或不起作用。 Relatedly, there is no such report may indicate that the patient interface device is lost or does not work 113 to the main database. 患者接口设备101也可向主数据库113报告其位置(例如,在机构内的位置)。 Patient interface device 101 can report its location (e.g., location within the organization) to the main database 113. 可通过任何适合的方式实现这种位置确定。 Such a position determination can be accomplished by any suitable manner. 例如,可使用网络属性确定患者接口设备位置。 For example, attributes may be used to determine the network location of the patient interface device. 在另一个例子中,可通过参考从患者接口设备接受护理的患者的已知位置来确定患者接口设备位置。 In another example, the device may be determined by the position of the patient interface receiving care from a known reference position of the patient interface device of the patient.

[0066] 从患者接口设备101发送到患者接口设备网关104的信息可包含需要被发送到若干不同地方的若干不同类型的信息。 [0066] transmitted from the interface device 101 to the patient information of a patient interface device gateway 104 may comprise several different types of information needs to be transmitted to several different places. 例如,当患者接口设备是输液泵时,从患者接口设备101发送的信息可包括待发送到泵监测数据库107的泵相关数据(例如,执行的行程数目、泵序列号)、待发送到药房数据库的药物使用数据(例如,使用了一剂量的药物)、待发送到MAR数据库的患者信息(例如,该剂量被施用给患者)。 For example, when the patient interface device is an infusion pump, information transmitted from the patient interface device 101 may comprise a pump to be sent to the monitoring database 107 associated with the pump data (e.g., number of strokes performed by the pump serial number), to be sent to the pharmacy database drug use data (e.g., using a dose of drug), to be sent to a database of patient information MAR (e.g., the dose is administered to the patient). 患者接口设备网关104可具备这样的能力:从患者接口设备101接收这种信息并解析该信息以及将解析过的信息传输到期望目的地。 Patient interface device gateway 104 may be provided with the ability to: receive such information from the patient interface device 101 and parses the information and transmitting the parsed information to a desired destination.

[0067] 治疗数据库106可包含一种或更多种配方、药物特异性数据集或治疗特异性数据集。 [0067] Treatment database 106 may comprise one or more formulations, the drug-specific data set or data sets specific treatment. 药物特异性数据集可包括药物特异性标识数据(例如,由机构批准的药物列表)和药物特异性配方数据(例如,用于混合传送药物的药液的配方)。 Drug-specific data set may include drug-specific identification data (e.g., a drug approval by the agency of the list) and drug-specific recipe data (e.g., a pharmaceutical formulation for transmitting the liquid mixture). 药物特异性数据集可包括药物特异性输液数据,例如,有关如何将特定药物注入到患者体内的数据(例如,浓度、流动速率)。 Drug-specific data set may include a drug infusion specific data, e.g., data about how the particular drug (e.g., concentration, flow rate) is injected into the patient. 治疗数据库106可包括和/或是临床决策支持(CDS)系统的部分。 Therapy database 106 may include a portion and / or clinical decision support (CDS) system.

[0068] 随着机构批准新的药物或为治疗数据库106中的现有药物引入新的治疗方案,更新治疗数据库106可以是有必要的。 [0068] With the approval of new drugs or the introduction of new treatment options for the treatment of existing drugs database 106, database 106 may update the treatment is necessary. 可以用若干种不同的方式实现这种更新。 You can use a number of different ways to achieve this update. 例如,可通过向治疗数据库106的数据集中的其中一个输入新信息来更新治疗数据库106中的数据,例如由药剂师在药房指导者的指导下将新型药物输入到包括药物特异性标识数据的数据集中。 For example, a new message to update the input data treatment centralized database 106 via the database 106, wherein the treatment of the data, for example by a pharmacist at the pharmacy, under the guidance of the new drug instructor input to the data-specific identification data including a drug concentrated.

[0069] 在另一个实例中,医生可将与特定药物的新的治疗方案有关的更新后的信息输入多个患者接口设备101中的任何一个中。 [0069] In another example, the physician can update information related to the input and the new treatment regimen for any particular drug a patient interface device of more than 101. 然后可将该信息经由患者接口设备网关104传输到主数据库113和/或治疗数据库106。 It may then be transmitted to the master database 113 and / or therapy database interface device 106 via the gateway 104 patient information. 这种传输可自动发生,这是因为一旦数据被输入到患者接口设备101a,就可将数据传输到主数据库113和/或治疗数据库106而无需任何其他的用户输入或者命令。 Such transmission may occur automatically, because once data is input to the patient interface device 101a, can transfer data to the master database 113 and / or therapy database 106 without any input or other user command.

[0070] 根据如何可更新治疗数据库106的另一个实例,所述机构可订阅(subscribe)全局治疗数据库110。 [0070] According to another example of how treatment can update the database 106, the subscription mechanism (Subscribe) global therapy database 110. 全局治疗数据库110可经由网络(例如经由因特网)互连到治疗数据库106。 Global database 110 may be interconnected to the treatment therapy database 106 via a network (e.g. via the Internet). 全局治疗数据库110可由第三方维护,并且随着增加新的治疗和/或药物或者开发新的施用方案,可更新新的全局治疗数据库110并将这种改变推广到治疗数据库106和/或主数据库113,因而更新治疗数据库106和/或主数据库113。 Global therapy database 110 maintained by a third party, and with the increase of new therapeutic and / or drug or to develop new administration regimen, the treatment can be updated new global database 110 and extended to the treatment of such a change database 106 and / or the primary database 113, thus updating therapy database 106 and / or 113 the main database.

[0071] 如上所述,化身108能够根据设置在数据库114中的信息构造患者特异性指导数据集109。 [0071] As described above, the avatar 108 can be configured according to the data set 109 is provided in a patient information data base 114 specific guidance. 当将关于特定患者和/或特定药物剂量的标识信息输入到患者接口设备IOla时,这种构造可自动发生。 When the patient specific input and / or identification information about the specific dose to the patient interface device IOla, this configuration may occur automatically. 就此而言,根据需求,将本地(例如,在患者接口设备IOla内)创建特定患者的患者特异性指导数据集109。 In this regard, according to demand, local (for example, in a patient interface device IOla) to create patient-specific patient-specific guidance data set 109.

[0072] 因此,多个患者接口设备101的每个患者接口设备可包含产生患者组112中的每个患者的患者特异性指导数据集109所必要的信息。 [0072] Thus, each patient interface device of the plurality of patient interface devices 101 may comprise information necessary to produce 109 patients in each group of 112 patients with patient-specific guidance data set. 例如,对于每一个患者,多个患者接口设备101中的每个患者接口设备可包括标识数据、药物数据和/或治疗数据。 For example, for each patient, a plurality of patient interface devices 101 each may comprise a patient interface device identification data, medication data, and / or treatment data. 药物数据可包括药物列表以及用于确定患者的输液参数的规则。 Data may comprise a list of drugs the drug infusion parameters and rules for determining a patient. 治疗数据可包含与具体患者连用的具体指令(例如,为患者组112中的每个患者开具的药物)。 Treatment data may contain specific instructions (e.g., for each patient in the patient group 112 issued drugs) used in conjunction with a particular patient. 就此而言,多个患者接口设备101中的每个患者接口设备可具备生成任何患者的患者特异性指导数据集109的能力。 In this regard, the plurality of patient interface devices 101 each patient interface device may be provided with any patient ability to produce patient-specific guidance data set 109. 例如,多个患者接口设备101中的每个患者接口设备可具备生成患者的输液参数的能力。 For example, a plurality of patient interface devices 101 each patient interface device may have the ability to generate the infusion parameters of the patient. 这种输液参数可包括输液速率(例如,mL/hr )、输液持续时间、剂量持续时间、剂量间隔、药丸大小、或任何其他适当的参数。 Such parameters may include an infusion rate of infusion (e.g., mL / hr), the duration of the infusion, duration of dose, dose interval, the size of the pill, or any other suitable parameters. 输液参数可包括每个参数的最大值和/或最小值。 Infusion parameters may include a maximum and / or minimum values ​​for each parameter.

[0073] 因此,多个患者接口设备101中的每个患者接口设备能够与患者组112中的任何患者接口。 [0073] Thus, a plurality of patient interface devices 101 of each patient and the patient interface device can be any patient interface 112 group. 因此,多个患者接口设备101中的任何患者接口设备可用于通过生成待使用的特定患者特异性指导数据集与患者组112中的任何患者接口(例如,当患者接口设备是输液泵时,注入液体药物)。 Thus, any patient interface device a plurality of patient interface device 101 may be used in any particular patient in the patient interface to be used by generating a set of patient-specific guidance data set 112 (e.g., when the patient interface device is an infusion pump, the injection liquid medication). 就此而言,因为不需要搜索包含待治疗的特定患者的独特信息的多个患者接口设备101中的特定患者接口设备,所以简化了管理患者接口设备库存。 In this regard, since multiple interface devices 101 unique patient information need not search for a particular patient to be treated contained in a particular patient interface device, so simplifies the management of a patient interface device inventory.

[0074] 在一种可替换的配置中,化身108可构造当数据到达数据库114中时具有数据库114内的这些数据的所有适当患者的患者特异性指导数据集109。 [0074] In an alternative arrangement, the avatar database 108 may be configured with all the appropriate data when the data in the patient database of patient-specific guidance data set 114 109 114 arrive. 此外,当更新数据库114时,可基于更新后的数据计算新的患者特异性指导数据集109。 Further, when updating the database 114, based on the updated data to calculate a new patient-specific guidance data set 109. 就此而言,可通过改变主数据库113而触发对患者特异性指导数据集109的更新。 In this regard, it may trigger the patient-specific guidance data set updates by changing the primary database 109 113. 通过经由网络103访问患者相关数据105和治疗数据库106,患者接口设备网关104可辅助构建主数据库113。 Access to patient data and therapy database 105 via the network 103 through 106, patient interface device gateway 104 may assist in the master database construct 113. 针对患者组112中的每个患者,患者接口设备网关104可访问患者相关数据105,以获得与治疗(例如,药物施用)和/或监控该患者相关的信息,例如当前药方、患者状况、患者健康史、患者体重、患者年龄、患者性别、已知药物过敏、正在施用的其他药物、和/或任何其他适当的数据。 112 for each patient in the group of patients, patient interface device gateway 104 may access patient data 105, to obtain a therapeutic (e.g., drug administration) and / or monitoring the patient-related information, such as current prescription, the patient's condition, the patient health history, the patient's weight, age, sex, known drug allergies, other drugs being administered, and / or any other appropriate data. 患者接口设备网关104可访问治疗数据库106,以获得例如开具给患者的特定药物的药物配方数据和/或药物输液数据。 Patient interface device 104 can access the gateway database 106 treatment, for example to obtain a particular drug to a patient pharmaceutical formulations issued data and / or drug infusion data. 对于患者组112的每个患者而言,可重复该过程从而构建主数据库113。 For each patient a patient group 112, the process may be repeated to build the primary database 113.

[0075] 响应于向多个患者接口设备101的患者接口设备输入新的数据,化身108还可构建或更新特定患者的患者特异性指导数据集109。 [0075] In response to the patient interface device to the interface device 101 inputs a plurality of new patient data, the avatar 108 may also construct a particular patient or patient-specific updating guidance data set 109. 这种构建或更新可以是自动的。 Such constructs or updates can be automated. 该输入的新数据可适于存储在患者相关数据105和/或治疗数据库106内。 New data may be adapted to store the input data 105 in the patient and / or treatment of database 106. 这样,可将新的数据通过患者接口设备网关104和网络103转发到患者相关数据105和/或治疗数据库106,并且相应地可更新患者相关数据105和/或治疗数据库106。 Thus, new data may be forwarded through the gateway 104 and the network interface device 103 to the patient 105 patient-related data and / or therapy database 106, and accordingly the patient-related data 105 may be updated and / or treatment of database 106. 也可更新主数据库113,并且响应于对主数据库113的更新,可以进而更新其他患者接口设备101的每一个中的数据库114。 Also update the master database 113, and in response to the updates to the master database 113, may in turn update each of the other interface device 101 in the patient database 114.

[0076] 如上所述,患者接口设备网关104可帮助维护主数据库113。 [0076] As described above, the patient interface device gateway 104 may help maintain the master database 113. 就此而言,患者相关数据105、治疗数据库106、或用于构成主数据库113的任何其他源的更新或改变可通过患者接口设备网关104并入到主数据库113中。 In this regard, the patient-related data 105, treatment database 106, or any other source is used to update the main database 113 configuration or changes to the master database 113 may be incorporated in gateway apparatus 104 via the interface patients. 例如,当新的患者入院时,当患者的信息发生改变时,当添加新的药物时,或当现有药物的配方改变时,会发生这种改变。 For example, when a new patient admitted to hospital, when the patient information changes, when adding a new drug, or when changing formulations of existing drugs, would this change. 这种改变的并入可以,例如,作为患者接口设备网关104周期性地访问各种互连的数据库以确定所述各种互连的数据库是否已经发生改变的结果。 This change may be incorporated, e.g., as the patient interface device gateway 104 periodically accesses the database to determine various interconnected whether the results of the various interconnected in a database has changed. 检验这种改变的一种典型方式是传输各种互连数据库的全部并将信息与主数据库113比较以确定改变。 An exemplary embodiment of such changes and all tests are various transmission information database 113 interconnected with the master database to determine changes. 一种替代过程可用于查询各种互连数据库自上次查询之后已经发生的改变,并且仅将最新的改变并入到主数据库113中。 An alternative procedure may be used to query databases interconnect various changes have occurred since the last query, and only the latest changes are incorporated into the main database 113. 又一可选方案是当发生改变时配置外部数据库通知患者接口设备网关104。 A further alternative is to configure the external patient interface device notifies the gateway database 104 when a change occurs.

[0077] 如前所述,可将主数据库113的任何改变传输到每个化身108的数据库114。 [0077] As described above, any changes to the primary database may be transmitted to each of the avatar database 114 108 113. 这种传输可以采取任何适当的形式。 This transmission may take any appropriate form. 在第一个例子中,可通过将整个主数据库113复制到每个化身108的每个数据库114以更新每个化身108的数据库114。 In the first example, by the entire primary database 113 each replicated to each avatar database 114 to update 108 a database 108 of each avatar 114. 在第二个例子中,可以仅将改变后的记录(例如,已改变的特定患者的完整患者记录)发送到患者接口设备101的每个数据库114中。 In the second example, it can only be changed after recording (e.g., patient-specific complete patient record has been changed) is sent to the database 114 of each interface device 101 in the patient. 在第三个例子中,可以仅将改变后的数据(例如,患者状况的更新,而不是未改变的患者记录中的其他患者信息)发送到患者接口设备101的每个数据库114中。 Data (e.g., patient status updates, and other patient information of a patient record is not in the unaltered) to database 114 for each patient interface device 101 in the third example, may be changed only.

[0078] 患者接口设备网关104可采用常驻在计算机系统上的软件程序的形式。 [0078] The patient interface device 104 may take the form of gateway resident on the computer system software program. 主数据库113可常驻在患者接口设备网关104所在的同一计算机系统上,或者可常驻在单独的设备上。 Primary database 113 may reside on the same computer system where the patient interface device gateway 104, or may reside on a separate device. 当主数据库113常驻在单独的设备上时,如图1A所示,该设备可直接互连到患者接口设备网关104或可通过网络103通信互连到患者接口设备网关104。 When the primary database 113 resident in a separate device, as shown in FIG. 1A, the device may be interconnected directly to the patient interface device gateway 104 or may be interconnected to the patient interface device 103 via a communication network gateway 104.

[0079] 多个患者接口设备101的每个患者接口设备可包含独立的化身108。 [0079] Each of the plurality of patient interface device 101, patient interface device may comprise separate avatar 108. 在这样的实施例中,患者相关数据105和/或治疗数据库106的任何更新可通过患者接口设备网关104传输到主数据库113,然后通过患者接口设备网关104传输到每个单独的化身108,每个单独的化身108进而可更新每个当前使用的单独患者特异性指导数据集109,其中患者特异性指导数据集109可由于更新而发生改`变。 In such an embodiment, the patient-related data 105 any updates and / or treatment of database 106 may be transmitted through the patient interface device gateway 104 to the main database 113, and transmission 104 to patient interface device gateway through each individual avatar 108, each Further separate avatar 108 can be updated for each individual patient currently used specific guidance data set 109, wherein the patient-specific guidance data set 109 may be changed due to the update occurs becomes `.

[0080] 可从多个不同源的一个或更多个中衍生出化身108的逻辑模块115和因此衍生出它用以创建和更新患者特异性指导数据集109的规则集合。 [0080] may be derived from a number of different sources in one or more logical modules 115 and the avatar 108 so that it is derived rules to create and update the patient 109 specific guidance data set collection. 例如,监管规则、行业规则、健康护理供应商规则、各个机构规则、医生偏好和患者偏好都可以用于确定逻辑模块115的配置。 For example, regulatory rules, the rules of the industry, the health care provider's policy, each agency rules, doctors and patient preferences preferences can be used to determine the configuration logic module 115.

[0081] 当更新逻辑模块115的源时,可相应地更新逻辑模块115。 [0081] When the update-source logical module 115 may update logic module 115. 例如,这样的更新可以被输入到患者接口设备网关104中,然后通过网络102从患者接口设备网关104发送到多个患者接口设备101的每个患者接口设备中。 For example, such an update may be input to the patient interface device gateway 104, and then transmitted from the gateway interface device 104 to the patient interface device for each of the plurality of patient interface device 101 through the network 102 patients. 就此而言,可维护系统100的每个化身108。 In this regard, the system can maintain each incarnation of 108,100. 例如,可维护主数据库113中的化身的主副本。 For example, you can maintain the master copy of the primary database 113 avatar.

[0082] 多个患者接口设备101中的每个患者接口设备可以是能够控制传送给患者的药物的流速、控制传送给患者的治疗和/或控制对一个或更多个患者指标的监测的设备。 [0082] plurality of patient interface devices 101 each patient interface device may be capable of controlling the flow rate of medicament to a patient, control passes to the treatment of a patient and / or control device for monitoring one or more indicators of the patient . 可通过使用多个患者接口设备101中的每个患者接口设备内设置的微处理器和适当的软件和/或硬件来实现这种控制。 Such control may be achieved by the use of a microprocessor 101 provided in the each of the patient interface device and the appropriate software and / or hardware more patient interface devices. 多个患者接口设备101中的每个患者接口设备可进一步包括存储器119,其中患者特异性指导数据集109可存储在存储器119中。 A plurality of patient interface devices 101 each patient interface device 119 may further comprise a memory, wherein the patient-specific guidance data set 109 may be stored in memory 119. 当化身108设置在每个患者接口设备内时,存储器也可存储化身108。 When the avatar 108 is disposed within each patient interface device, memory 108 may also store an avatar. [0083] 每个患者接口设备可包括一个或更多个用于将数据输入到患者接口设备的部件或输入端口。 [0083] Each patient interface device may include one or more means for inputting data to the patient interface device or input port. 这些部件可以是任何适当的形式,例如,如按钮、小键盘、键盘、触摸屏、条形码读取器、射频识别(RFID)标签读取器、生物识别读取器、读卡器、数据端口、网络互连、无线网络接口和/或任何其他适当的形式。 These components may be of any suitable form, e.g., such as a button, keypad, keyboard, touch screen, bar code reader, a radio frequency identification (RFID) tag reader, a biometric reader, a card reader, a data port, a network interconnection, a wireless network interface, and / or any other suitable form. 可由患者接口设备接收的数据的类型包括,但不限于,患者标识数据、护理人员标识数据、患者特异性指标、药物标识数据、药物特异性指标、患者特异性指导数据集和患者状态数据。 Type of data received by the patient interface device include, but are not limited to, patient identification data, identification data caregiver, patient-specific indicators, data identifying the drug, the drug-specific indicators, patient and patient specific guidance data set status data. 每个患者接口设备可包括可操作以互连到设备或传感器的端口,其中所述设备或传感器可操作以测量和/或监控各种患者指标,例如心率、体温、血压和血氧饱和度。 Each device may include a patient interface operable to interconnect the port device or to a sensor, wherein the sensor or device operable to measure and / or monitor patients with a variety of indicators such as heart rate, body temperature, blood pressure, and oxygen saturation.

[0084] 多个患者接口设备101中的每个患者接口设备可包括多个输出端口。 [0084] plurality of patient interface devices 101 each patient interface device may include a plurality of output ports. 当患者接口设备是输液泵时,第一输出端口可以是可操作以通过管道将药物抽运给患者的机械输出端口。 When the patient interface device is an infusion pump, a first output port may be operable to pump the drug to the patient via a mechanical output port conduit. 例如,患者接口设备可包括可移动柱塞,所述可移动柱塞可操作以与注射器活塞接口并移动注射器的活塞以使药物从注射器排出。 For example, the patient interface device may comprise a movable plunger, said plunger operable to move the syringe plunger interface to move the syringe piston and the drug expelled from the syringe. 该柱塞可以是可控的以根据患者的患者特异性指导数据集以精确控制的速率给患者传送药物。 The plunger may be controlled to transfer the patient to a precisely controlled rate of the patient's medication patient specific guidance data set. 在患者接口设备为输液泵的另一种实现方式中,机械输出端口可用于驱动蠕动泵。 In another implementation, a patient interface device is an infusion pump, the mechanical output port may be used to drive the peristaltic pump. 患者接口设备的机械输出端口可由驱动器(例如,电动机)驱动,并且患者接口设备可包括用于产生受控的驱动器运动以便产生受控的流向患者的药物的流速的逻辑模块(例如,电动机控制器)和一个或更多个传感器。 Port driver by a mechanical output of patient interface devices (e.g., motor) is driven and the patient interface device may comprise means for generating a controlled flow rate so as to produce motion of the drive logic block of controlled drug towards the patient (e.g., the motor controller ) and one or more sensors.

[0085] 患者接口设备通常可包含的其他输出端口可包括视频显示器,该视频显示器可以,例如,传输与患者有关的信息、输液状态和参数、患者指标、药物、患者接口设备性能、医务人员或任何其他适当对象。 [0085] The other output port of the patient interface device may generally comprise may comprise a video display, the video display may be, for example, transmission of information relating to the patient, the infusion status and parameters, the patient index, drugs, equipment performance patient interface medical personnel or any other appropriate objects. 患者接口设备还可包括能够响应于预定事件(例如,试图将不正确的药物装载到患者接口设备上、来自测量患者指标的传感器的不满意的信号)而发出警报的音频输出端口。 Patient interface device may further comprise (e.g., attempts to incorrect drug loading onto the patient interface device, a signal from a sensor measuring unsatisfactory index of the patient) in response to a predetermined event while the audio output port emits alarm. 患者接口设备还可具有经由网络连接(例如,无线网络连接)将这些事件的警报发送到各种位置的能力。 The patient interface device may also have the ability via a network connection (e.g., Wi-Fi) to send alerts of these events to various locations. 这种警报可被发送至个人(例如,护士和/或医生)或位置(例如,护理站)。 This alert may be sent to the individual (e.g., a nurse and / or doctor) or location (e.g., nursing station). 音频输出端口也能够播放音频操作指令以帮助操作患者接口设备。 Audio output ports can also play audio operation command patient interface device to assist the operator.

[0086] 网络102连接可具有用于在设备之间交换数据的任何适当的形式,并且可将多个患者接口设备101互连到患者接口设备网关104。 [0086] Network connection 102 may have any suitable form for exchanging data between devices, and may interconnect a plurality of patient interface devices 101 to patient interface device gateway 104. 患者接口设备网关104进而又可通过网络103被互连至患者相关数据105、治疗数据库106、泵监测数据库107、其他机构数据库,并被互连至系统100外部的数据库(例如,全局治疗数据库110和全局主泵监测数据库111)。 Further patient interface device gateway 104 is in turn interconnected through a network 103 to a patient-related data 105, treatment database 106, pump surveillance database 107, other institutions databases, and is interconnected to an external database system 100 (e.g., a global therapy database 110 global surveillance database and the main pump 111). 网络102、103可以是如图1A所示的独立的网络,或者可替换地,网络102和网络103可以是同一网络。 Networks 102, 103 may be independent of the network shown in FIG. 1A, or alternatively, network 102 and network 103 may be the same network. 例如,网络102和网络103可以是机构的现有局域网。 For example, network 102 and network 103 may be an existing local area network means. 在这种实施例中,患者接口设备网关104可通过局域网与多个患者接口设备101进行通信,以及通过局域网与数据库(患者相关数据105、治疗数据库106、泵监测数据库107、系统外部的数据库100)进行通信。 Database, patient interface device 104 may be an external communication gateway, and a database over the LAN (105 patient data, therapy database 106, pump surveillance database 107, via the LAN system with a plurality of patient interface devices 101 in this embodiment 100, ) to communicate.

[0087] 需要注意的是,患者接口设备网关104可以是计算机系统的形式或常驻在计算机系统上。 [0087] It should be noted that the patient interface device gateway 104 may be resident on or in the form of a computer system in a computer system. 患者接口设备网关104和患者相关数据105、治疗数据库106之间的互连以及至泵监测数据库107的互连都可以通过机构的现有网络和/或通过系统100的专用网络进行。 Patient interface device gateway 104 and 105 patient-related data, as well as to the treatment of the interconnections between the pump surveillance database 107 can be the database 106 and / or via a private network 100 through a conventional network system mechanism. 还应该指出的是,患者相关数据105可被设置在许多单独的计算机系统之间。 It should also be noted that the patient-related data 105 may be disposed between the many individual computer systems. 例如,药房数据库可被设置在机构的药房内的计算机系统上,而包含ADT信息的数据库可位于机构的其他地方。 For example, a pharmacy database on a computer system may be provided within the pharmacy mechanism, the database may contain information ADT located elsewhere bodies. 然而,药房数据库和ADT数据库都可互连到机构的局域网,从而与患者接口设备网关104进行通信。 However, ADT pharmacy database, and the database can be interconnected to a local mechanism to communicate with the gateway interface device 104 patients. [0088] 泵监测数据库107可包含与输液泵形式或包括输液泵的多个患者接口设备101中的每个患者接口设备的性能有关的数据。 [0088] pump surveillance database 107 may comprise or form with the infusion pump comprises a plurality of performance data related to patient interface devices 101 infusion pump in each of the patient interface device. 就此而言,当输液泵形式的患者接口设备101被操作以将药物传送给患者时,每个这样的患者接口设备可创建其活动日志。 In this regard, when the infusion pump in the form of patient interface device 101 is operated to transport the drug to the patient, each such patient interface device may create their activity log. 这样的日志可包含数据如进行输液的开始及结束时间、执行的行程数目、总运行时间、传送的药物类型以及会影响或指示患者接口设备100的性能的任何其他适当数据。 Such a log may include data such as an infusion of start and end times, any other suitable number of strokes performed by the data, the total run time, type of medication and the transmission will affect the performance or indicates that the patient interface device 100. 患者接口设备101可将这样的日志发送到患者接口设备网关114,然后患者接口设备网关114可经由网络103将日志发送到泵监测数据库107。 The patient interface device 101 may transmit the log to the patient such a gateway interface device 114, patient interface device gateway 114 then may be sent to the database 107 via pump 103 to monitor network log. 进而,可监测和分析泵监测数据库107内的数据以帮助确定,例如,特定患者接口设备要完成的维护任务和/或特定患者接口设备的更换。 Further, the monitoring and analysis of data within the pump surveillance database 107 to help determine, for example, a particular patient interface device maintenance tasks to be completed and / or replacement of the particular patient interface device. 另外,可自动周期性地将泵监测数据库107内的数据传输到全局主泵监测数据库111。 Further, the data is automatically periodically transmitted within the pump surveillance database 107 to global database 111 to monitor the main pump. 全局主泵监测数据库111可聚集来自多个机构的患者接口设备性能数据,以便,例如,进一步完善维护和更换计划以及确定潜在故障模式。 Global primary pump surveillance database 111 may aggregate the patient interface device performance data from a plurality of means, for example, to further improve the maintenance and replacement plans, and determine a potential failure mode.

[0089] 也可通过网络103将用于存储与其他类型的患者接口设备100相关的性能数据的其他数据库互连到患者接口设备网关104。 [0089] may also be used to store other types of patient interface device 100 via a network 103 to other databases performance data related to the patient interface device interconnect gateway 104. 例如,可通过网络103将血压传感器监测数据库和/或压缩装置监测器数据库互连到患者接口设备网关104。 For example, the blood pressure sensor monitoring database and / or the compression means for monitoring database interconnected to the patient interface device 103 through the network gateway 104. 这些数据库的功能可类似于上述泵监测数据库107,并且可以以相似的方式用于管理患者接口设备101。 These databases may function similar to the aforementioned pump surveillance database 107, in a similar manner and may be used to manage a patient interface device 101. 此外,类似全局主泵监测数据库111的全局数据库可存在以用于这些其他类型的患者接口设备109。 Further, similar to the main pump monitoring global database 111 may be present in the global database for those other types of patient interface device 109.

[0090] 可以对本文中所描述的在患者接口设备网关104与患者接口设备101之间传输的数据进行加密。 [0090] The data may be encrypted as described herein, is transmitted between the patient interface device gateway 104 with a patient interface device 101. 此外,可以对在多个患者接口设备101中的各个患者接口设备之间、和/或在化身108之间和/或在化身108和患者接口设备101之间传输的数据的进行加密。 Further, it is possible to encrypt each of the patient interface device between a plurality of patient interface devices 101, and / or data in the avatar and / or transmitted between avatar 108 and the interface device 101 of the patient 108. 这种加密可有助于保持与患者相关联的医疗数据在当其被从点到点传输时的安全性。 Such encryption can help maintain the patient medical data associated with the safety when it is transmitted from the time point. 这种加密可有助于阻止未经授权的数据的改变,并且因而有助于维护患者安全。 This encryption can help prevent unauthorized changes to the data, and thus helps to maintain patient safety. 此外,这种加密可有助于阻止未经授权的数据访问并因此有助于维护患者隐私。 In addition, this encryption can help prevent unauthorized access to data and therefore help to maintain patient privacy.

[0091] 可以对本文所描述的存储在数据库114和/或主数据库113中的数据进行加密。 [0091] described herein can be stored in the encrypted data in the database 114 and / or 113 in the master database. 如同被传输的数据一样,这种加密可有助于维护存储在系统100内的医疗数据的安全性,从而保护安全和隐私。 As the data is transmitted as such it can contribute to maintain the security of the encrypted data stored in the medical system 100, to protect the security and privacy.

[0092] 在数据被输入到外部数据库(例如,与患者有关的数据105)时和所输入的数据被分布到主数据库113时之间的最大预定量时间可以是任何合适量的时间。 [0092] Data is input to an external database (e.g., data related to the patient 105), and when the input data is distributed to a predetermined maximum amount of time between when the primary database 113 may be any suitable amount of time. 例如,这种最大预定时间的数量级可以是I秒、I分、I小时或更多个小时、或其间的任何适当的时间。 For example, the maximum magnitude of the predetermined time may be a second I, I min, I hour or more hours, or any suitable time therebetween. 最大预定时间可以是可选择的,例如由系统管理员选择,并且可以基于安全要求、网络103的带宽、待传输的数据量、和/或其他适当因素。 Maximum predetermined time may be selectable, for example, chosen by the system administrator, and may be based on security requirements, the amount of data bandwidth of the network 103, to be transmitted, and / or other suitable factors. 在一种配置中,患者接口设备网关104可以以等于所选择的最大预定时间的间隔向各种互连数据库查询自上次查询以来已经发生的改变。 In one configuration, the patient interface device gateway 104 can query change has occurred since the last query to the database at various interconnections maximum predetermined time intervals equal to the selected.

[0093] 在一种可替代的配置中,可实时或近似实时地至少部分地维护主数据库113。 [0093] In an alternative configuration, a real-time or at least partially maintain the primary database 113 near real-time. 在这样的实施例中,当对外部数据库(例如,患者相关数据105)做出改变时,外部数据库可被配置为向患者接口设备网关104通知这些改变。 In such an embodiment, when a change is made to an external database (e.g., patient-related data 105), the external database may be configured to notify these changes to the patient interface device gateway 104. 就此而言,患者接口设备网关104可订阅一些或者全部的外部数据库,并且因此在当那些数据库发生改变时接到通知。 In this regard, the patient interface device gateway 104 can subscribe to some or all of the external database, and thus receive a notification when a change in those databases. 系统100可利用更新方法的组合,其中,必须查询一些数据库,而其他数据库在当已发生改变时通知患者接口设备网关104。 The system 100 may utilize a combination of the updating method, wherein the number of database queries necessary, and other databases in patient interface device gateway 104 a notification when a change has occurred.

[0094] 类似地,患者接口设备101可被配置为使得患者接口设备内的数据库114的其中一个的改变可被立即传输到患者接口设备网关104,然后患者接口设备网关104可立即将更新传输到主数据库113。 [0094] Similarly, patient interface device 101 may be configured such that a database within the patient interface device wherein a change may be transmitted 114 immediately to the patient interface device gateway 104, then the patient interface device gateway 104 can immediately update transfer to the primary database 113. 可替代地,患者接口设备101可被配置成以规律的间隔发送它们的数据库114的更新。 Alternatively, the patient interface device 101 may be configured to send updates at regular intervals in the database 114 thereof. 如果在预定时间段内其数据库114没有发生改变,每个患者接口设备还可被配置成向患者接口设备网关104发送通知。 If it is not changed in the database 114 a predetermined time period, each patient interface device may also be configured to send a notification to the gateway interface device 104 patients.

[0095] 主数据库113可规律地与多个患者接口设备101进行通信。 [0095] The master database 113 can communicate with a plurality of regularly patient interface devices 101. 就此而言,主数据库113可以以规律的时间间隔向多个患者接口设备101中的每个患者接口设备广播日志。 In this regard, the primary database 113 at regular time intervals may be broadcast logs each patient interface device interfaces the plurality of patient to the apparatus 101. 这种日志可包含自广播最后的日志以来对主数据库113进行的任何更新。 This log can contain any updates since the last log broadcast master database of 113. 就此而言,当接收和合并日志条目时,患者接口设备104可能已经知道它们的对应的数据库114自这种合并的时间为止是最新的。 In this regard, when the received log entries and merging, patient interface device 104 may already know their corresponding database 114 from this time until the combined is up to date. 日志可以被顺序编号,使得任何患者接口设备,在接收日志广播时,将能够从序列号中确定是否缺失任何日志广播。 Log may be numbered sequentially, such that any patient interface device, when receiving a broadcast log, will be able to determine whether any log deletion from the broadcast serial number. 例如,如果患者接口设备接收日志号码1004,并且由患者接口设备接收的最后一个日志是日志号码1002,则患者接口设备可确定其已经缺失日志号码1003。 For example, if the patient interface device 1004 receives log number, and the last log received by the patient interface device is log number 1002, the patient interface device may determine that it has been deleted log number 1003. 在对日志号码1004改变之前,患者接口设备可随后请求日志号码1003。 Prior to 1004 the number of change logs, patient interface device 1003 may then request log number.

[0096] 如果经过预定时间段之后,主数据库113没有发生数据更新,则主数据库113可通知患者接口设备101该日志中不包含更新的数据。 [0096] If, after lapse of a predetermined period of time, the master database 113 is not data update occurs, the main database 113 may notify the patient interface device 101 is not included in the log data updates. 因此,患者接口设备104可知道它们的数据库114在接收到这种空的日志条目时是最新的。 Thus, patient interface device 104 can know that they are the latest database 114 upon receipt of such an empty log entries.

[0097] 就此而言,多个患者接口设备101中的每个患者接口设备的每个数据库114可被维护以使其中的数据反映其他患者接口设备101的其他数据库114以及外部数据库的几乎最新近的改变。 [0097] In this regard, each of the plurality of patient interface device 114 a database 101 of each patient interface device so that the data can be maintained therein almost reflects the most recent database 114 and other external databases other patient interface devices 101 It changes. 例如,在患者接口设备101每分钟通知患者接口设备网关104其数据库114的改变时、以及在主数据库每分钟询问外部数据库时、以及在主数据库113每分钟广播日志时,系统100内的任何数据改变将在至多约两分钟内(例如,I分钟用于患者相关数据105的改变记录在主数据库113中,加上直至日志被发送出去的另一分钟)被反映在患者接口设备101的数据库114中。 For example, notification per minute patient interface device gateway 104 change its database 114 in the patient interface devices 101, and when the primary database query external databases per minute, and when the primary database 113 broadcast logs per minute, any data within the system 100 the changes in up to about two minutes (e.g., I minute changes to the patient-related data 105 is recorded in the main database 113, until the log is sent together with other min) is reflected in the database 101 of the patient interface device 114 in.

[0098] 上述的数据维护配置可支持额外的系统特征。 [0098] The configuration data maintenance system may support additional features. 例如,如果网络102和/或网络103内发生故障,各个患者接口设备101能够跟踪与患者接口设备网关104的最后一次接触(例如,最后接收到日志的时间)起经过的时间量。 For example, if the network 102 and / or 103 failure in the network, each capable of tracking the patient interface device 101 in contact with the last patient interface device gateway 104 (e.g., the last received time log) since the amount of time that has elapsed. 患者接口设备101可被编程为从接收最后一次更新起保持运行预定时间量。 The patient interface device 101 may be programmed from the last update received from a predetermined amount of time to keep running. 例如,在一种配置中,系统100可被配置为使得更新(例如,日志)每5分钟被发送到数据库114,并且各个患者接口设备101可被配置为使得它们在接收到最后一次更新后可保持运行长达I小时。 For example, in one configuration, system 100 may be configured such that the update (e.g., log) is sent to the database 114 every 5 minutes, and the individual patient interface device 101 may be configured such that they are receiving the last update may be I kept running up to hours. 因此,在这种情况下,如果网络102变得不能运行时,患者接口设备101将保持工作长达一小时。 Thus, in this case, if the network can not run becomes 102, patient interface device 101 will keep working up to one hour. I小时的长度是示例性的。 Length I hour are exemplary. 系统100使用的实际长度可以更短或更长,并且还可以是可编程的(例如,由医院管理员)。 The actual length of the system 100 may use shorter or longer, and may also be programmable (e.g., by the hospital administrator). 这种操作可被用于防止患者接口设备101使用“陈旧的”数据。 Such operation may be used to prevent the patient interface device 101 using the "stale" data. 本文所用的“陈旧的”数据表示在预定量的时间上没有被更新的数据,并因此对于用以控制患者接口设备101的操作而言是不希望的。 "Stale" data as used herein, the data was not updated on a predetermined amount of time, and thus for the operation to control patient interface device 101 is undesirable.

[0099] 一旦化身108内的信息被确定为陈旧的,化身108可阻止使用陈旧的数据来操作患者接口设备101。 [0099] Once the information in the avatar 108 is determined to be stale, the avatar 108 may prevent the use of stale data to patient interface device 101 operate. 这种阻止可以以任何适当的形式。 This can be prevented in any suitable form. 例如,化身108可锁定用户并且仅允许系统管理员或其他指定人员访问数据(例如,数据库114和/或患者特异性指导数据集109)。 For example, the avatar 108 and only allows the user to lock the system administrator or other designated personnel to access the data (e.g., database 114, and / or patient specific guidance data set 109). 就此而言,仅常驻在数据库114中而不存在其他位置处的数据(例如,与在最后一次与患者接口设备网关104通信后发生的输液有关的数据)可被检索并被合并到主数据库113。 In this regard, not only the presence of resident data (e.g., data related to the time after infusion the patient interface device 104 communication happen at the end of the gateway) at other positions in the database 114 may be retrieved and merged into the master database 113. [0100] 在另一个例子中,如果化身108确定数据已经陈旧预定时间量(例如,数小时或数天),则其可擦除(例如,删除,使得被删除的数据不可恢复)包含陈旧数据的存储器(例如,包含数据库114和/或患者特异性指导数据集109的存储器)。 [0100] In another example, the avatar 108 determines if a predetermined amount of time has stale data (e.g., hours or days), it can be erased (e.g., deleted, so that the data to be deleted can not be restored) contains stale data a memory (e.g., comprising a database 114 and / or patient-specific guidance data set memory 109). 这种擦除可以可选地排除数据库114内尚未被传输到患者接口设备网关104的任何信息。 Such erasure can optionally exclude any information has not been transmitted to the patient interface device gateway 104 in the database 114. 这样的动作将阻止使用数据来运行患者接口设备101并且也将通过限制或阻止对数据进行未授权访问而有助于数据安全。 This action will prevent the use of data to run a patient interface device 101 and also will contribute to data security by limiting or preventing unauthorized access to data. 由于患者接口设备101可以是相对较小的无线单元(例如,便携式输液泵),它们会很容易被从机构盗窃或意外拆卸。 Since the patient interface device 101 may be relatively small radio unit (e.g., a portable infusion pump), they can easily be stolen or accidentally detached from the mechanism. 因此,擦除含有陈旧数据的存储器的能力对于数据安全具有特殊价值。 Thus, the ability to erase the memory containing obsolete data for a particular value of data security.

[0101] 当网络102和/或103在一段不可用时期后被修复时,患者接口设备101可向患者接口设备网关104发送先前未被发送的任何数据,例如,如当网络102和/或103不可用时,与由患者接口设备101执行的输液有关的数据。 [0101] When the / any data network 102 or 103 and when a period of time after the repair is not available, the patient interface device 101 may send to the gateway interface device 104 patients not previously transmitted, e.g., such as when the network 102 and / or 103 unavailable, infusion-related data executed by the interface device 101 patients. 然后主数据库113可被相应地更新。 Then the master database 113 can be updated accordingly. 另夕卜,如果网络103不可用,则对外部数据库(例如,患者相关数据105、治疗数据库106)进行的任何改变可被传输给主数据库113。 Another Bu Xi, if network 103 is unavailable, then the external database (e.g., patient-related data 105, database 106 treatment) with any change may be transmitted to the master database 113. 一旦已经完全更新主数据库113,则可相应地更新患者接口设备101内的每个单独的数据库114。 Once the database has been completely updated master 113, it can be updated in the database for each individual patient interface device 101,114.

[0102] 在系统100的一种实现方式中,单个化身可控制一个以上的患者接口设备101。 [0102] In one implementation of system 100, a single avatar may control one or more patient interface devices 101. 图1B中示出了这种实现方式。 FIG. 1B shows such an implementation. 在图1B中,患者接口设备IOla和患者接口设备IOlb经由链路117直接连接。 In FIG. 1B, and a patient interface device IOla IOlb patient interface device 117 via a direct link connection. 设备IOlaUOlb都可被布置在靠近患者处(例如,床边)。 IOlaUOlb apparatus may be disposed adjacent the patient (e.g., bed). 患者接口设备IOla和患者接口设备IOlb都可被互连到患者。 And a patient interface device IOla IOlb patient interface device may be interconnected to the patient. 例如,患者接口设备IOla可以是第一输液泵的形式,而患者接口设备IOlb可以是第二输液泵的形式,其中每个患者接口设备101a、IOlb都被用于向同一患者传送不同的药液。 For example, patient interface device may be in the form of a first IOla infusion pump, the patient interface device may be in the form of a second iolB infusion pump, wherein each patient interface device 101a, IOlb are used to transfer to the same patients of different chemical .

[0103] 链路117可具有任何适合的形式,包括,例如,无线链路(例如,W1-Fi和/或蓝牙)、直接的有线连接或光纤链路。 [0103] Link 117 may have any suitable form, including, for example, a wireless link (e.g., W1-Fi and / or Bluetooth), a direct wired connection or fiber optic links. 链路17可以是弹性的,因为尽管机构中会存在干扰,它还是能够保持运行。 Link 17 may be resilient, because although there will be interference in the organization, it was able to keep running. 当被链路时,化身中的其中一个,例如化身108a,会成为主化身,而另一化身,例如化身108b,在主化身108a控制从患者接口设备IOlb时会成为从化身或进入休眠。 When the link, one of the avatars, avatar 108a for example, the avatar becomes the master, and the other avatars, the avatar e.g. 108b, 108a avatar in the main control patient interface device becomes the avatar IOlb from or going to sleep. 哪个化身变成主化身,而哪些化身或患者接口设备成为从化身或从设备可在直接互连时自动确定(例如,通过选择主化身/设备为具有最高序列号的单元)或用户可选择哪个化身是主化身。 Avatar avatar which becomes the master, and which avatar or the avatar from the patient interface device or apparatus may be automatically determined directly from the interconnect (e.g., by selecting an avatar master / device is a unit having the highest sequence number) or a user may select which incarnation incarnation of the Lord.

[0104] 在这样的主从关系中,主化身108a可为从患者接口设备IOlb提供患者特异性指导数据集10%。 [0104] In such a master-slave relationship, the master avatar 108a may provide specific guidance data set from the patient interface device IOlb 10% of patients. 因此,使用患者特异性指导数据集109a和10%,主化身108a可控制患者接口设备IOla和患者接口设备101b。 Thus, the use of patient-specific guidance data set 109a and 10%, the main control interface device 108a may avatar IOla patient and the patient interface device 101b. 当两个患者接口设备IOla和IOlb都在施药时,使用主化身108a控制患者接口设备101a、IOlb可增强系统阻止彼此不兼容的各个患者接口设备IOlUOlb施用药物或剂量的能力。 When the interface device IOla iolB two patients and in time of application, the avatar 108a using the main control patient interface device 101a, IOlb enhancement system may be incompatible with one another to prevent individual drug or patient interface device capability IOlUOlb dose administered. 主化身108a可处理与患者接口设备网关104的所有通信。 Master avatar 108a may handle all communication with the patient interface device gateway 104.

[0105] 在另一例子中,患者接口设备IOla可以是患者监测器的形式,并且患者接口设备IOlb可以是输液泵的形式。 [0105] In another example, the patient interface device may take the form IOla patient monitor and the patient interface device IOlb may be in the form of an infusion pump. 化身108a可用作主化身并且可控制患者监测器患者接口设备IOla与输液泵患者接口设备101b。 Avatar and avatar 108a as a master device may control the patient interface IOla the infusion pump interface device 101b patient monitor patient. 在这样的配置中,化身108a可基于来自患者监测器患者接口设备IOla的反馈控制输液泵患者接口设备101b。 In such a configuration, the avatar 108a may control the infusion pump patient interface device 101b based on feedback from the patient interface device IOla patient monitor. 例如,当患者监测器患者接口设备101是心率监测器时,响应于通过心率监测器检测到的患者心率的改变,可改变(例如,停止)通过输液泵患者接口设备IOlb的药物传送。 For example, when the patient monitor when the patient interface device 101 is a heart rate monitor, the heart rate of a patient in response to the change detected by the heart rate monitor, can be changed (e.g., stop) transmitted by the infusion pump interface device IOlb patient a pharmaceutical. 任何这种所需要的改变可被记录在患者接口设备IOla的数据库114中,并被传输至患者接口设备网关104和主数据库113 (然后到达所有其他患者接口设备数据库114)。 Any changes required for this may be recorded in a database 114 IOla a patient interface device, and is transmitted to the patient interface device gateway 104 and the primary database 113 (and then to all other patient interface device database 114).

[0106] 在系统100的一种变型中,化身中的至少一部分可以是独立于患者接口设备101的设备。 [0106] In one variant of the system 100, at least a part of the avatar may be independent of the patient interface device 101 of the apparatus. 在这种变型中,化身可用作控制一个或更多个子患者接口设备的父设备。 In this variant, the avatar may be used to control one or more sub parent patient interface device. 图1C示出这种配置,其中化身116是通信互连至患者接口设备101a'和101b'的独立设备。 1C shows such a configuration in which the avatar 116 is a communication interface device interconnected to a patient 'and 101b' of the independent apparatus 101a. 可由化身116管理至患者接口设备网关104的通信,化身116可互连到网络102。 Avatar 116 may be communicated to the patient management gateway interface device 104, the avatar 116 may be interconnected to a network 102. 使用逻辑模块115,化身116可基于数据库114内的数据生成患者特异性指导数据集109a和患者特异性指导数据集10%,然后将患者特异性指导数据集109a和患者特异性指导数据集10%分别传输到患者接口设备101a,和101b,。 Logical module 115, 116 may be data in the avatar database 114 to generate patient-specific guidance data set 109a and patient specific guidance data set of 10%, then the patient based on specific guidance data set 109a and patient specific guidance data set 10% It is transmitted to the patient interface device 101a, and 101b ,.

[0107] 患者接口设备IOla'和101b'之间的通信可为单向的(例如,患者接口设备101a'和101b'可接受来自化身116的操作程序,但是可以不提供任何操作性反馈)或双向的(例如,101a'和101b'可提供操作性反馈)。 [0107] communication between the patient interface device IOla 'and 101b' may be unidirectional (e.g., patient interface device 101a 'and 101b' acceptable procedure from the avatar 116, but may not provide any feedback operatively), or bi-directional (e.g., 101a 'and 101b' may provide feedback operability). 化身116与患者接口设备101a'和101b'之间的链路118a和118b可具有任何适合的形式,包括,例如无线链路、直接有线连接或光纤链路。 Avatar with the patient interface device 116 links 118a and 118b may have any suitable form between 101a 'and 101b', including, for example, a wireless link, direct-wired connection or fiber optic links. 化身116与患者接口设备101a'和101b'之间的链路可以是不需要网络102或网络103是可操作的弹性高度可靠的链路。 Avatar 116 and the link between the patient interface device 101a 'and 101b' may not be required network 102 or the network 103 is operable resilient highly reliable link. 就此而言,化身116与患者接口设备101a'和101b'可保持操作性而不论网络102或网络103是否是可操作的。 In this regard, the avatar 116 and patient interface devices 101a 'and 101b' can be maintained regardless of the operability of the network 102 or whether the network 103 is operable. 因此,只要数据库114不包含陈旧数据,患者接口设备IOla'和101b'就可保持操作性并与患者接口。 Therefore, if the database does not contain stale data 114, patient interface device IOla 'and 101b' may be maintained and operatively interfaces with the patient.

[0108] 化身116可采取任何适当的形式,包括手持设备,例如人员可以在房间之间移动的智能电话或平板计算机。 [0108] avatar 116 may take any suitable form, including hand-held devices, for example, can move between a smart phone or tablet computer room. 在另一例子中,化身116可以是固定设备,如位于房间中的个人计算机或工作站。 In another example, the avatar 116 may be a stationary device, such as a personal computer or workstation located in the room.

[0109] 图2是一种更新与患者有关的患者特异性指导数据集的方法的流程图,其中,患者特异性指导数据集适于由患者接口设备使用(例如,用于将至少一种药物向相应的患者进行输液泵施用)。 [0109] FIG 2 is a flowchart of a method of updating specific guidance data set related to the patient with the patient's method, wherein the patient-specific guidance data set suitable for use by the patient interface device (e.g., for at least one drug infusion pump for administration to a respective patient). 该方法还包括更新常驻在化身内的所有数据库以及更新患者相关数据。 The method also includes updating all databases resident in the incarnation and update patient-related data.

[0110] 第一步骤201可将与患者相关的信息输入到第一患者接口设备。 [0110] The first step 201 may be associated with the patient information is input to the first patient interface device. 与患者相关的信息可包括使其优选地更新患者的患者特异性指导数据集的信息,例如,关于患者状况的更新。 Associated with the patient information of the patient information may include patient specific guidance data set is updated it is preferably, for example, updates the status of the patient. 第二步骤202可更新与患者接口设备相关联的化身的数据库。 The second step 202 to update the database with the patient interface device avatar associated. 下一步骤203可根据新输入的数据更新患者特异性指导数据集。 The next step 203 may update the patient data in accordance with specific guidance data set newly input. 步骤203可由与患者接口设备相关联的化身执行。 Step 203 may be performed by the avatar associated with the patient interface device. 接下来的步骤204可以将来自第一患者接口设备的信息的至少一部分自动地传输至患者接口设备网关。 The next step of the interface device 204 may be a patient from the first to at least a portion automatically transferred to the patient interface device gateway. 步骤204可响应于第一步骤201并通过通信链路(例如网络连接)而被执行。 In response to the first step 204 and step 201 is performed by a communication link (e.g., network connection). 随后的步骤205可更新主数据库。 The subsequent step 205 may update the master database. 附加步骤206、207可包括通过患者接口设备网关把来自主数据库的信息传输到患者相关数据的一个或更多个源以创建修改后的患者相关数据。 206, 207 may include the additional step of transmitting through the patient interface device gateway information from the primary database to one or more patient-related data sources to create a patient-related data modified.

[0111] 另一步骤208可自动地更新其他患者接口设备中的其他数据库,使得如果需要的话,每个患者接口设备能够生成合适的患者特异性指导数据集。 [0111] Another step 208 may automatically update other databases of other patient interface device, such that, if desired, each patient interface device capable of generating an appropriate patient-specific guidance data set. 因此,每个患者接口设备(第一患者接口设备和多个其他的患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备)可在其数据库中存储生成任何合适的患者特异性控制数据所必要的信息。 Thus, each patient interface device (each patient interface device and a plurality of the first patient interface device other patient interface devices) may be stored in any suitable generate patient-specific information necessary to control data in its database.

[0112] 图2的方法可进一步包括在步骤203之后访问更新后的与患者有关的患者特异性指导数据集,并根据与患者有关的患者特异性指导数据集与患者结合(例如,对患者进行药物注入)。 Method [0112] FIG 2 may further include specific guidance data set related to the patient after the patient access to updated after step 203, and the specific guidance data set in conjunction with the patient (e.g., according to the patient from patient to patient-related Drug injection). [0113] 如图所示,图2的方法是由把与患者有关的信息输入到第一患者设备时的步骤201触发的。 [0113] As shown, the method of Figure 2 is the patient information input relating to the first procedure when the patient trigger device 201. 该方法也可由患者接口设备与患者接口触发。 This method can also be patient interface device interfaces with the trigger patient. 例如,当患者接口设备是输液泵时,步骤201可替换为向患者输液药物的步骤,以及后续生成与输液相关的信息(例如,输液量、输液持续时间、输液时间)。 For example, when the patient interface device is an infusion pump, the step 201 may be replaced by infusion of medication to the patient step, and subsequent generation infusion-related information (e.g., infusion volume, infusion duration, the infusion time). 就此而言,后续步骤提及的信息将是与输液有关的信息。 In this regard, the information will be referred to the subsequent step of infusion-related information.

[0114] 在图2的方法的一种变型中,患者的身份可以是未知的(例如,患者到达急诊室,而没有能够识别)。 [0114] In one variation of the method of FIG. 2, a patient's identity may be known (e.g., a patient arrival in the emergency room, but not able to identify). 在这种情况下,在步骤201中仅可输入可用信息。 In this case, in step 201 can be entered only information available. 这样的信息可包括性另O、大概的高度和重量、大概年龄、和患者状况有关的信息。 Such information may include sexual another O, approximate height and weight, approximate age, and condition of the patient-related information. 然后可以以类似于上述方式执行该方法的其余部分。 Then the rest of the process may be performed in a manner similar to the above.

[0115] 在图2的方法的另一种变型中,当患者接口设备是输液泵时,患者的身份可以是未知的,并且患者接口设备操作人员可简单地扫描药物并手动地输入输液速率,然后指示患者接口设备进行输液。 [0115] In another variant of the method of FIG. 2, when the patient interface device is an infusion pump, a patient's identity may be unknown, and the interface device operator patient may simply scan the drug and manually input the infusion rate, indicates that the patient interface device and infusion. 在这种情形下,如果患者接口设备操作员输入被认为是危险的参数,则患者接口设备可操作以发声警报。 In this case, if the patient interface device operator input parameters is considered dangerous, the patient interface device is operable to sound an alarm.

[0116] 图3是基于对患者相关数据的更新来更新与患者有关的患者特异性指导数据集的方法的流程图。 [0116] FIG. 3 is a flowchart of the update data to update patient specific guidance data set related to the patient and the patient's Method. 第一步骤301可使用与患者有关的信息修改患者相关数据库以创建更新后的患者相关数据库。 The first step 301 may use the information to patients about changes related to the patient database to create patient-related database updated. 与患者有关的信息可包括使其可优选地更新患者的患者特异性指导数据集的信息,诸如开具给患者的药物的改变或患者状态的改变。 Information relating to the patient may include the update information that it can preferably be patient specific guidance data set of the patient, such as a change issued to change the state of the patient or the patient's drug. 第二步骤302可自动地将所述修改传输到患者接口设备网关,随后是更新主数据库的步骤303。 The second step 302 may automatically transmit the modification to the patient interface device gateway, followed by step 303 to update the master database. 如上所述,这可以通过患者接口设备网关将全部或部分患者相关数据周期性地下载到主数据库中来执行,或在已经发生改变时由患者相关数据通知患者接口设备网关来执行。 As described above, this may be performed by the patient interface device all or part of the gateway patient-related data are periodically loaded into the main database, or notify the patient by the patient interface device gateway when the data has changed is performed. 在主数据库已被更新后,可在步骤304中使用主数据库更新常驻在每个化身中的数据库。 After the master database has been updated, step 304 may be used to update the master database resident in the database of each avatar. 这种更新可在周期性的基础上发生或可由主数据库的改变而触发。 Such updates can be triggered occur on a periodic basis or altered by the main database. 数据库的更新可由更换每个数据库的全部来执行或者它可以通过仅将选定的(例如,改变的)数据传输到数据库来执行。 Updating the database by replacing all of each database or it can be performed only by a selected (e.g., changing) data transmission to the database is performed.

[0117] 下一步骤305可以在已经与特定患者相关联的患者接口设备上自动地创建更新后的患者特异性指导数据集。 [0117] The next step 305 may be automatically created patient-specific guidance data set is updated on a patient interface device associated with a particular patient has been linked. 在下一步骤306中,更新后的患者特异性指导数据集可被存储在患者接口设备中。 In a next step 306, the updated patient-specific guidance data set may be stored in the patient interface device. 例如,当患者接口设备先前已经创建患者特异性指导数据集以用于与患者接口时,接收患者接口设备数据库的更新可使得患者接口设备创建更新后的患者特异性指导数据集。 For example, when the patient interface device has been previously created patient-specific guidance data set for the patient interface, the interface apparatus receiving the database updates patient may cause the patient to create patient interface device specific guidance data set updated. 在更具体的例子中,当患者接口设备是输液泵时,输液泵可以先前已经使用一组特定参数(例如,流速、输液持续时间)对患者输液。 In a more specific example, when the patient interface device is an infusion pump, an infusion pump may have previously used a particular set of parameters (e.g., flow rate, infusion duration) infusion to the patient. 患者相关数据的改变(步骤301)可使得其希望改变患者的输液参数。 Change (step 301) data related to the patient such that it may be desirable to change the infusion parameters of the patient. 就此而言,按照当前的方法将得到包括存储在输液泵内的更新后的输液泵参数的更新后的患者特异性指导数据集。 In this regard, in accordance with the current method will be patient-specific guidance data set includes an infusion pump parameters update after update stored in the infusion pump.

[0118] 图3所示的整个过程可响应于患者相关数据的修改而自动地发生(例如,在步骤301之后,没有进一步的人机互动)。 [0118] the process shown in FIG. 3 may be modified in response to patient-related data occurs automatically (e.g., after step 301, no further human interaction).

[0119] 图4是基于治疗数据库的更新而更新与患者有关的患者特异性指导数据集的方法的流程图。 [0119] FIG. 4 is a flowchart of a method of patient specific guidance data set relating to the treatment of a patient based on the updated database is updated. 图4的方法类似于图3的方法,不同的是,图3的方法中的更新是由患者相关数据库的更新触发,而图4的方法中的更新是由治疗数据库的更新触发。 Methods similar to Figure 4 of FIG. 3, except that the update method of Figure 3 is triggered by the patient's related database update, updating method of Figure 4 is triggered by the updating database treatment. 因此,该方法的第一步骤401可使用与治疗和/或药物相关的信息来修改治疗数据库以创建修改后的治疗数据库。 Accordingly, the first step of the method 401 may use information related to the treatment and / or drug therapy to modify the database to create the modified therapy database. 与药物有关的信息可包括使其可优选地更新患者的患者特异性指导数据集的信息,例如新的输液方案。 Drug-related information may include update information that it can preferably be patient specific guidance data set of the patient, such as a new infusion solutions. 第二步骤402可以自动地将所述修改传输到患者接口设备网关,随后是更新主数据库的步骤403。 The second step 402 may be automatically transferred to the modified patient interface device gateway, followed by step 403 to update the master database. 在已经更新主数据库之后,主数据库可用于步骤404中以更新常驻在每个化身中的数据库。 After having updated the master database, the master database can be used in step 404 to update the database resident in each of the avatar.

[0120] 下一步骤405可在已经与特定患者相关联的患者接口设备处自动地创建更新后的患者特异性指导数据集。 [0120] The next step 405 may be patient specific guidance data set after it has been created automatically update the interface device at a patient associated with a particular patient. 在下一个步骤406中,更新后的患者特异性指导数据集可被存储在患者接口设备中。 In a next step 406, the updated patient-specific guidance data set may be stored in the patient interface device.

[0121] 现在将给出上述系统和方法的示例性应用。 [0121] will now be given of an exemplary application of the above system and method.

[0122] 医院可维护与其患者相关的多个不同的数据库。 [0122] hospital can maintain multiple different databases related to their patients. 就此而言,医院可具有由现场药房所维护的包含与开具给患者的药物相关的数据的药房数据库。 In this regard, the hospital can have a pharmacy database contains data related to the patient's medication issued by the on-site pharmacy maintained. 医院可维护一般的病历数据库、MAR数据库,ADT数据库和包含与具体患者相关的信息的其他数据库。 General hospital can maintain medical records database, MAR database, ADT database containing information related to the particular patient's other databases. 这些数据库合在一起可形成患者相关数据105。 These databases may together form a 105 patient-related data.

[0123] 医院还可维护与药物和它们的传送相关的数据。 [0123] hospitals also maintain data related to drugs and their transfer. 这种数据可以以配方的形式,其中配方列出批准在医院使用的药物以及用于混合药物的配方数据和施用药物的剂量信息。 This data can be in the form of recipes, which are listed in the recipe approved the drug for use in hospitals and recipe data for mixing a drug and administered dose of drug information. 该数据还可包括可通过输液施用的药物的输液参数和/或配方。 The data may also include an infusion parameters may be administered by infusion of drugs and / or formulation. 该数据可一起形成治疗数据库106。 The treatment data database 106 may be formed together. 医院也可订阅全局数据库110。 Hospitals can also subscribe to the global database 110. 全局治疗数据库110可由第三方维护并且全局治疗数据库110的更新可以以规律性的间隔和/或当全局治疗数据库110更新由医院施用的药物和/或治疗时被传输到治疗数据库106。 Global therapy database 110 maintained by a third party and updating the global database 110 may be therapeutic interval / or is transmitted when the regular and global database 110 is updated by the hospital treatment administered drugs and / or therapeutic treatment to the database 106. 治疗数据库106还可包括全局治疗数据库110中不存在的定制配方。 Therapy database 106 may also include custom formulations global therapy database 110 does not exist.

[0124] 医院还可包括多个患者接口设备101。 [0124] Hospital further comprising a plurality of patient interface devices 101. 网络102、103和患者接口设备网关104可将患者相关数据105和治疗数据库106通信互连到多个患者接口设备101。 Network gateway 102, 103 and patient interface device 104 may communicate patient and treatment related data 105 to the database 106 interconnects a plurality of patient interface devices 101.

[0125] 当第一患者被医院收治时,医院可使用第一患者的信息更新患者相关数据105。 [0125] When a patient is first admitted to hospital, where the patient may use the information to update the first patient-related data 105. 这可包括标识数据、与第一患者的状况相关的数据和已开具的药物数据。 This may include the identification data, data relating to the condition of the first patient and drug data is issued.

[0126] 来自与第一患者有关的患者相关数据105的相关信息可被上载到多个患者接口设备101中的每个患者接口设备,以使多个患者接口设备101中的每个患者接口设备中的化身108能够在本地构建第一患者的患者特异性指导数据集109。 [0126] related information from the patient related data related to the first 105 of a patient may be uploaded to each patient interface device 101 a plurality of patient interface devices, each interface device to patient interface device 101 of the plurality of patients the patient avatar 108 can be constructed of a first patient-specific guidance data set 109 locally.

[0127] 分布式数据和化身可以具有这样的优点,S卩,如果新的患者相关数据或新的药物数据输入到特定患者接口设备中,则新的患者特异性指导数据集可由本地化身在本地创建(在患者接口设备内)。 [0127] Distributed data and the avatar can have the advantage, S Jie, if the new data or new patient data is input to a pharmaceutical particular patient interface device, the new patient-specific guidance data set locally by a local avatar create a (patient interfaces in the device). 因此,本地产生更新后的患者特异性指导数据集的能力可以不依赖于可用的网络连接。 Thus, the ability to locally generate an updated patient-specific guidance data set may not rely on the available network connection.

[0128] 在已经接纳第一患者后,可安排第一患者在具有多个患者接口设备101的第一患者接口设备IOla的房间中。 [0128] After having accepted the first patient, it can be arranged in a first patient having a first patient interface device 101 IOla room plurality of patient interface devices. 当患者接口设备是输液泵时,护理人员(例如,护士、医生)可随后开始对第一患者施用药物的过程。 When the patient interface device is an infusion pump, a caregiver (e.g., nurse, doctor) can then begin the process of drug administered to the first patient.

[0129] 护理人员可通过将护理人员的标识数据输入第一患者接口设备IOla并随后将患者的标识数据输入第一患者接口设备IOla开始。 [0129] caregiver may caregiver identification data by the input interface device IOla the first patient and the patient's identification data is then input to the first patient interface device IOla starts. 这可以以任何适当的方式实现,包括,使用通信互连到第一患者接口设备IOla的条形码扫描仪扫描与护理人员和患者相关联的条形码。 This may be accomplished in any suitable manner, including, using a first communication to the patient interface device interconnected IOla barcode scanner to scan the bar code associated with the patient and caregiver. 接着,护理人员可将待施用的药物的标识数据输入到第一患者接口设备101a。 Next, the caregiver identification data may be inputted to the administered drug in patients with a first interface device 101a. 这也可通过扫描药物容器上的条形码来完成。 This may be accomplished by scanning a barcode on the medication container. 如果该药物不是批准用于第一患者的其中一种药物,则可由患者接口设备IOla产生音频和/或视觉警报以向护理人员提醒这个事实。 If the drug is not approved for the first one of the drugs the patient may be generated by the patient interface device IOla audio and / or visual alarms to alert caregivers to this fact. 如果该药物被批准用于第一患者,则患者接口设备IOla可生成患者的患者特异性控制数据并加载来自第一患者的患者特异性指导数据集109的合适的输液参数。 If the drug is approved for a first patient, the patient interface device may generate IOla patient-specific control data of the patient and patient specific guidance data set is loaded from the first patient to the appropriate infusion parameters 109. 输液参数可包括典型的输液参数,例如流速和总传送时间。 Infusion infusion parameters may typically include parameters such as flow rate and total transfer time. 此外,由于患者特异性指导数据集109被本地构建在第一患者接口设备IOla上,则可以不需要第一患者接口设备IOla进行网络通信以确定是否允许其进行输液。 Further, since the patient-specific guidance data set 109 is constructed on the first local Iola patient interface device, the interface device may not be required for network communications Iola first patient to determine whether to allow it infusion. 因此,在网络中断期间,第一患者接口设备IOla可保持运行。 Thus, during a network outage, the first patient interface device IOla can keep running. 此外,患者和药物标识信息输入到第一患者接口设备IOla中的时间与当第一患者接口设备IOla准备好执行输液时之间的网络通信可以几乎没有或完全没有延迟。 In addition, patients and drug identification information is input to the first time in the patient interface device to when the first IOla patient interface device is ready to perform network communication IOla be little or no delay between the time of infusion.

[0130] 护理人员可将药物加载到第一患者接口设备IOla上,将患者接口设备的输出端口互连到第一患者(例如,通过互连到导管的管道)。 [0130] caregiver may be drug-loaded onto the first Iola patient interface device, the output port of the patient interface device interconnected to a first patient (e.g., by interconnecting to the conduit pipe). 然后护理人员可以开始使用第一患者接口设备IOla传送药物。 Nurses can then start using drugs first interface device IOla transfer patients. 第一患者接口设备IOla可与患者接口设备网关104通信以使用与输液过程的开始相关的信息更新主数据库113和患者相关数据105。 Updates master database 113 and a first patient-related data IOla patient interface device may start using the associated infusion process the patient interface device 104 communication with the gateway 105.

[0131] 一旦第一患者接口设备IOla完成输液过程,第一患者接口设备IOla可与患者接口设备网关104通信以使用与输液过程的完成相关的信息更新主数据库113和患者相关数据105。 [0131] Once a first patient interface device IOla complete the infusion process, the first IOla patient interface device 104 can communicate with a gateway to the patient interface device are completed using the infusion-related information to update the master database 113 and 105 patient-related data. 这样的信息可包括患者、药物和输液过程信息。 Such information may include the patient, and the drug infusion process information. 此后,可使用化身108构建第一患者的更新后的患者特异性指导数据集。 Thereafter, the patient can build specific guidance data set updated avatar 108 using a first patient. 更新后的患者特异性指导数据集可反映第一患者接收药物输液。 The updated patient-specific guidance data set may reflect the first patient receiving medication infusion. 此外,与输液性能相关的主数据库113的更新可被传输给每个其他的患者接口设备,从而使所有的患者接口设备具有更新后的数据并且将可用于随后与第一患者结合(如果需要这样做的话)。 In addition, master database 113 associated with the infusion performance updates every other patient interface device may be transmitted to so that all of the patient interface device having a data updated and available for subsequent binding with the first patient (if so to do so).

[0132] 第一患者接口设备IOla也可将与泵性能有关的信息传输到患者接口设备网关104。 [0132] First IOla patient interface device may also be information relating to the performance of the pump is transmitted to the patient interface device gateway 104. 当完成输液过程后,患者接口设备网关104可将这些信息转发给泵监测数据库107。 Upon completion of the infusion procedure, the patient interface device gateway 104 may forward this information to the pump surveillance database 107. 第一患者接口设备IOla可发送与第一患者接口设备IOla的非患者特异性性能有关的信息。 IOla first patient interface device may transmit information relating to a specific performance of the first non-patient IOla the patient interface device. 例如,这种信息可包括开始和停止时间、总行程数、总运行时间和输液过程中第一患者接口设备IOla收集的任何其他适当的数据。 For example, such information may include start and stop times, the total number of strokes, any other suitable data total run time during the first infusion and patient interface device IOla collected.

[0133] 在稍后的时间点,可能不知道第一输液的第二护理人员可能试图重复该输液过程。 [0133] In a later point in time, caregivers may not know the first second infusion may try to repeat the infusion process. 然而,当访问第一患者的更新后的患者特异性指导数据集时,第一患者接口设备IOla可提醒第二护理人员,第二输液是不允许的,因为已经施用过第一输液或因为要执行第二输液的时间太接近第一输液的时间。 However, when the patient-specific guidance data set updated access to the first patient, the first patient interface device can alert IOla second caregiver, the second infusion is not allowed, as it has been administered the first infusion or because you want to performing a second infusion time is too close to the time of the first infusion. 此外,由于更新后的信息被上载到每个患者接口设备,所以如果第二护理人员已经试图使用不同的第二患者接口设备重复该输液过程,则第二患者接口设备将向第二护理人员发出相同的警告。 Further, since the updated information is uploaded to each patient interface device, if the caregiver has been attempted to use a second different second patient interface device repeat the infusion process, the second patient interface device will emit a second caregiver the same warning.

[0134] 在完成第一输液后,护理人员可能在稍后的时间点试图使用第一患者接口设备IOla向第一患者施用第二药物。 [0134] After completion of the first infusion, the caregiver may try to use at a later point in time the first patient interface device IOla second medicament is administered to the first patient. 在第二药物与第一药物不相容的情况下,第一患者接口设备IOla可警告护理人员第二输液与先前传送的药物不可相容。 In the case of the first drug and the second drugs are incompatible, the first patient interface device may alert a caregiver IOla a second infusion with the drug is not compatible with the previously transmitted. 此外,由于更新后的信息被上载到每个患者接口设备,所以如果护理人员或第二护理人员已经试图使用不同的第二患者接口设备进行不相容的输液,则第二患者接口设备将发出相同的警告。 Further, since the updated information is uploaded to each patient interface device, if the second caregiver or caregiver attempts have been made to use different second patient interface device incompatible infusion, the patient interface device will send a second the same warning.

[0135] 住在医院时,第一患者的状况会改变。 [0135] When in the hospital, the patient's condition first change. 例如,第一患者可发展为会需要额外的药物注入的额外状况。 For example, the first patients may develop additional condition would require additional drug injection. 在这种情况下,护理人员可更新第一患者的患者相关数据105。 In this case, the caregiver may update the patient-related data of the first 105 patients. 在第一种情形中,护理人员可将与所述额外状况有关的信息输入到第一患者接口设备101a。 In the first case, the caregiver may be additional information about the condition of the patient is input to the first interface device 101a. 然后该信息可经由患者接口设备网关104传输到患者相关数据105。 This information can then be transmitted to the patient-related data interface device 105 via a gateway 104 patients. 此后,化身108可被用来构建第一患者的更新后的患者特异性指导数据集。 Thereafter, the avatar 108 can be used to construct a patient-specific guidance updated first data set of the patient. 该更新后的患者特异性指导数据集可反映出第一患者的状况已经改变。 Patient-specific guidance data set can be updated to reflect the status of the first patient has changed.

[0136] 在第二种情形中,护理人员可直接将与额外状况有关的信息输入到患者相关数据105中。 [0136] In the second case, the caregiver directly with additional information about the status of the input data related to the patient 105. 例如,护理人员可将信息输入到药房数据库的终端中。 For example, the caregiver can input information to the terminal in pharmacy database. 此后,可使用该信息更新主数据库113,进而多个患者接口设备101中的每个患者接口设备可接收更新后的信息。 Thereafter, this information can be used to update the main database 113, and further a plurality of patient interface devices 101 each patient interface device may receive updated information. 然后,化身108可构建可反映出第一患者的状况已经改变的第一患者的更新后的患者特异性指导数据集。 Then, the avatar 108 can build patient-specific guidance data set may be updated to reflect the status of the first patient first patient has changed.

[0137] 当第一患者在医院收治时,医院可决定改变第一药物的传送方案。 [0137] When the first patient admitted to the hospital, the hospital may decide to change the transmission scheme of the first drug. 就此而言,护理人员或医院管理员可修改治疗数据库106内与第一药物的传送有关的输液数据。 In this regard, nurses or hospital administrator can modify the data in infusion therapy and transmits the first database 106 drug-related. 例如,可减小第一药物的标称传送速率。 For example, the first transfer rate may be reduced nominal drug. 可将这种修改输入到治疗数据库106的终端处或多个患者接口设备101的其中一个患者接口设备处的系统中。 Such modification may be input to the system in which a patient interface device at the terminal end of the therapy database interface devices 101 or 106 of the plurality of patients. 在两种情况的任一情况下,可以用这些信息更新主数据库113,进而多个患者接口设备101中的每个患者接口设备可接收更新后的信息。 In either case two situations may be 113, and thus the plurality of patient interface devices 101 each patient interface device may receive the updated information with the information to update the master database. 此后,化身108可被用来构建反映新方案的第一患者的更新后的患者特异性指导数据集。 Thereafter, the avatar 108 can be used to construct a patient-specific guidance data set of the first updated to reflect the new scheme patient.

[0138] 当第一患者被医院收治时,全局治疗数据库110的第三方管理员可以决定改变传送第一药物的方案。 [0138] When the first patients were admitted to hospital, the global treatment of third-party database administrator can decide to change the program 110 transmits the first drug. 这种修改可被传输到治疗数据库106以修改治疗数据库106内与第一药物的输送有关的输液数据。 Such modifications may be transmitted to an infusion therapy data in the database 106 with the database 106 to deliver a first therapeutic drugs related to modify. 此后,可用该信息更新主数据库113,进而多个患者接口设备101中的每个患者接口设备可接收更新后的信息。 Thereafter, this information can be used to update the master database 113, further information may be a plurality of patient interface devices 101 receive updated each patient interface device. 此后,化身108可被用来构建反映新方案的第一患者的更新后的患者特异性指导数据集。 Thereafter, the avatar 108 can be used to construct a patient-specific guidance data set of the first updated to reflect the new scheme patient. 而且,对于医院的每个其他被收治的患者,可在其他患者接口设备处生成更新后的患者特异性指导数据集,这些患者的患者特异性指导数据集包括第一药物。 Also, for each of the other patient was admitted to hospital, the patient can generate specific guidance data set updated at the device interface to other patient, patient-specific guidance data set comprises a first drug in these patients.

[0139] 如上所述,多个患者接口设备101中的每个患者接口设备可包含创建第一患者的患者特异性指导数据集109所必需的数据。 [0139] As described above, a plurality of patient interface devices 101 each comprise a patient interface device may create a first patient data set 109 patient-specific guidance data necessary. 由于其他原因,这可以是有利的。 For other reasons, it may be advantageous. 例如,如果多个患者接口设备101中的特定患者接口设备经历故障,则多个患者接口设备101中的任何其他患者接口设备可代替所述故障的患者接口设备,因为每一个将包含创建第一患者的合适患者特异性指导数据集109所必需的数据。 For example, if a particular patient interface device experiences a fault plurality of patient interface device 101, the patient interface device to any other interface device 101 in place of the plurality of patient interface device may be a patient of the failure because each comprising creating a first suitable patients patient 109 specific guidance data set necessary data. 不管连接到患者相关数据105和/或治疗数据库106的网络连接是否可用,都可以执行这种替换。 Regardless of the patient-related data to the network 105 and / or 106 of the therapy database connection is available, such replacement can be performed. 在另一个例子中,如果第一患者被移到医院的另一个房间,则可以不必要将第一患者接口设备连同第一患者移动,因为其他房间中的患者接口设备将包含生成第一患者的患者特异性指导数据集109所必需的数据。 In another example, if another room of the first patient is moved to a hospital, may not necessarily be the first patient interface device moves along with the first patient, because the patient interface device comprises the other room of the patient to generate a first patient-specific guidance data set 109 required data. 在另一个例子中,可在患者之间移动第一患者接口设备,而无需在每当移动患者接口设备时下载新的数据,因为患者接口设备可包括生成可接收输液的每个患者的患者特异性指导数据集109所必需的数据。 In another example, patient interface device movable between a first patient, without the need to download new data each time the mobile patient interface device, because the patient interface device may include a specific patient can be generated for each patient received an infusion of data set 109 data necessary for guidance. 与患者住在机构期间使用完全专用于单个患者的患者接口设备的机构相比,这种优点可使得给定机构所需的总的患者接口设备更少。 Patients living bodies as compared with the use of a patient interface device entirely dedicated to a single patient during mechanism, so that this advantage may be given to the mechanism requires less total patient interface device.

[0140] 在系统100的操作的另一例子中,医生可为患者定一剂量的药物,并且药房可制备所述剂量药物。 [0140] In another example of the operation of the system 100, the physician may be given a patient dose of medicament, and the dose may be prepared pharmacy. 当制备好该剂量药物时,药剂师可将信息输入到反映该剂量药物制备的药房数据库中。 When the preparation of a good dose of drug, the pharmacist can reflect the input information to the preparation of pharmaceutical dosage pharmacy database. 患者接口设备网关104可接收来自反映该剂量药物制备的药房数据库的数据,并且可相应地更新主数据库113。 Patient interface device 104 may receive data from a gateway to reflect the preparation of pharmaceutical dosage pharmacy database, and may update the main database 113. 与剂量的制备相关的数据可被包括在主数据库113的下一日志广播中,从而在制备的剂量被运输给患者之前被传输到多个患者接口设备101中的每个患者接口设备中。 Preparation and dose-related data may be included in the primary database 113 the next log broadcast so as to be transported to be transmitted to the plurality of patient interface devices 101 prior to patient interface devices each patient dose preparation. 一旦剂量到达患者,医务人员就可将患者和剂量标识信息输入到患者接口设备中,并且患者接口设备的化身可计算用于注入剂量到患者体内的患者特异性指导数据集109。 Once the dosage to the patient, medical staff and the patient can dose the patient identification information is input to the interface device, the interface device and the avatar can be calculated for patient implantation dose to the patient patient-specific guidance data set 109.

[0141] 在本情形的一种变型中,如果在制备剂量的时间与计算患者特异性指导数据集109的时间之间,检测到患者的状况改变,化身108可改变或阻止剂量的施用。 [0141] In one variant of the present case, if the time between the patient 109 specific guidance data set and in the preparation of dose calculation time, the detected change in condition of the patient, the avatar 108 may be altered or blocked administered dose. 例如,如果在剂量已经制备之后,但在其被施用之前,检测到肾衰竭并将其输入到机构的记录中(并随后被上载到患者接口设备101),化身108可阻止施用该剂量。 For example, if after a dose has been prepared, but before it is administered to kidney failure detected and input to the recording means (and subsequently uploaded to the patient interface device 101), the avatar 108 can prevent the administered dose. 这种阻止可采取的形式是不执行药物的任何注入和/或发出可听警报以传输危险。 This can take the form of stop is not performed any injection of drugs and / or an audible alert to the risk of transmission. 这可由,例如,化身108的逻辑模块115启用,化身108的逻辑模块115可在患者被列为具有肾衰竭时不允许施用特定的药物。 This may be, for example, the avatar 108 of the logic module 115 is enabled, the avatar 108 of logic module 115 may be allowed as the administration of a particular drug in a patient having renal failure.

[0142] 在系统100的操作的附加例子中,患者接口设备IOla可被用于提供药液的连续施用。 [0142] In an additional example of the operation of the system 100, the patient interface device IOla be used to provide continuous administration of liquid medicine. 在这种情况下,系统100可提供和特定的操作情形相关的若干好处。 In this case, the system 100 may provide several benefits and circumstances related to a particular operation. 在第一种情形中,在药液的第一单元(例如,第一IV袋)的施用过程期间,可根据规定值调整药液的流速。 In the first case, during the first chemical unit (e.g., the first IV bag) of the application process, the flow rate of liquid medicine can be adjusted in accordance with a predetermined value. 患者接口设备IOla将把这种改变记录在其存储器119中并将这种改变传输到患者接口设备网关104。 This IOla patient interface device will change and this change record transmitted to the patient interface device gateway 104 in its memory 119. 当第一单元为空时,第二单元可投入使用。 When the first unit is empty, the second unit is ready for use. 在这种情况下,患者接口设备IOla可记住与上次使用的流速有关的知识,并使用该流速代替规定的流速开始施用新单元。 In this case, the patient interface device IOla can remember knowledge about flow rates and last used, and use that instead of the flow rate of the flow rate of the onset of administration of the provisions of the new unit. 此夕卜,如果由于某些原因第二患者接口设备IOlb被用于施用第二单元,则它可以知道上次使用的流速并使用该流速施用新单元。 Bu this evening, if for some reason a second interface device IOlb patient is administered a second unit, it can be known using the last used the flow rate and the flow rate of new cell administration.

[0143] 在第二种情形中,在按照连续施用药液的命令施用第一单元的药液的过程期间,医生可命令中止施用。 [0143] In the second case, during the administration of drug solution according to the command of the first unit process continuous administration of the drug solution, the doctor may order the suspension administered. 这种命令可被输入到患者接口设备IOla中或可被输入到患者相关数据105中并经由患者接口设备网关104和主数据库113上载到患者接口设备IOla的数据库114中,如上所述。 This command may be input to the patient interface device IOla or may be input to the relevant patient data 105 and patient interface device 114 via the gateway database 104 and the master database 113 IOla upload patient interface device, as described above. 然而,药房已经准备好第二剂量并将第二剂量发送给患者。 However, pharmacies are ready to send a second dose and second dose to the patient. 在这种情形中,第二剂量可以到达患者,但患者接口设备IOla可根据反映在患者接口设备IOla的数据库114中的医生的命令阻止其被施用。 In this case, the second dose may reach the patient, the patient interface device which prevent IOla may be administered according to the doctor's reflected in the database 114 of the patient interface device IOla commands. 此外,如果第二患者接口设备IOlb被试图用于施用第二单元,则第二患者接口设备IOlb会知道医生的最新近的命令,也阻止向患者施用第二剂量。 In addition, if the second patient interface device is intended to be used IOlb administering a second unit, the second patient interface device IOlb we will know that the most recent doctor's command, but also prevent the administration of the second dose to the patient.

[0144] 因为向患者施用药液是被传输回主数据库113的事件,所以这种信息可用于库存控制的目的。 [0144] For administering the drug solution to a patient is to be transmitted back to the master database 113 of the event, so this information may be used for inventory control purposes. 例如,当制备好但未施用药液的剂量时(如上述例子中),系统100可反映从未用过该剂量并警告药房必须将该剂量返回到药房,以用于再用或销毁。 For example, when the prepared drug solution, but not a good dose administered (such as the above example), the system 100 may reflect the dosage has never been used and the dose must alert the pharmacy to return to the pharmacy, for reuse or destruction. 这种特征也可有助于阻止剂量的窃取,在现有技术机构中,已经制备但没有施用的剂量可以很容易被窃取,因为现有系统不能够证实由医务人员记录为被施用的剂量是否确实被施用了。 This feature can also help prevent theft of dose, in the prior art mechanism, but no dose has been administered preparation may easily be stolen, since the conventional recording system can not be confirmed by medical personnel if the dose is administered indeed it has been administered. 相反,如果患者接口设备记录确实施用该剂量,则系统100仅会列出正在施用的剂量。 Conversely, if the patient interface device records the administered dose does, the system 100 lists only the dose being administered. 因此,如果没有患者接口设备报告剂量的施用,则可认为该剂量还未被施用。 Therefore, if no application equipment reported dose patient interface, the dose may be considered has not been administered.

[0145] 当患者接口设备首次投入使用时,它可以被配置。 [0145] When a patient interface device is first put into use, it can be configured. 配置会需要记录患者接口设备的序列号,将患者接口设备互连到网络102,以及装载化身108与数据库114和逻辑模块115的当前版本到患者接口设备。 Configuration of the serial number would require a patient interface device, the patient interface device to the interconnection network 102, and the avatar 108 is loaded with the current version of the database 114 and logic module 115 to the patient interface device.

[0146] 出于说明和描述的目的给出本发明的上述描述。 [0146] The foregoing description, for purposes of illustration and description of the present invention is given. 此外,该描述并不旨在将本发明限制于本文所公开的形式。 Further, this description is not intended to limit the invention to the form disclosed herein. 因此,与上述教导以及相关领域的技术和知识相关的改变和修改都在本发明的范围内。 Thus, the correlation with the above teachings, and skill and knowledge of the relevant art that changes and modifications are within the scope of the present invention. 上述实施例进一步旨在解释实施本发明的已知模式,并使得本领域其他技术人员能够利用这些或其他实施例中的本发明以及根据本发明的具体应用(一个或更多)或使用的需要进行各种修改。 The above-described embodiment is further intended to explain modes known embodiment of the present invention, and that others skilled in the art to utilize these or other embodiments of the present invention and according to the specific needs of the application of the present invention (one or more) or used various modifications. 所附权利要求旨在被解释为包括现有技术所允许范围内的替代实施例。 It intended that the appended claims be construed to include alternative within the scope permitted by the prior art embodiment.

Claims (57)

1.一种与患者相关数据的一个或更多个源连用的系统,其中所述患者相关数据的一个或更多个源与一组患者对应,所述系统包括: 多个患者接口设备,每个所述患者接口设备用于与患者结合从而提供医疗护理,其中,所述多个患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备存储数据库,所述数据库包含多个患者记录,其中所述多个患者记录中的每个患者记录与该组患者中的独特患者有关;和患者接口设备网关,其可操作以将所述患者相关数据的一个或更多个源与所述多个患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备结合,从而自动地更新存储在每个患者接口设备上的数据库,其中,所述数据库的这种自动更新是通过利用由所述患者相关数据的一个或更多个源保存的对应的患者相关数据而实现的。 1. A patient-related data with one kind or more sources conjunction system, wherein said one or more patient-related data source corresponds to a group of patients, said system comprising: a plurality of patient interface devices, each a patient interface device to the patient in conjunction with providing health care, wherein said plurality of interface devices each patient interface device stores patient database, said database comprising a plurality of patient records, wherein said plurality of patient each patient record record associated with the unique patient in this group of patients; and patient interface device gateway operable to one or more sources of data related to the patient with the plurality of patient interface devices each patient interface device binding, to automatically update the database stored on each patient interface device, wherein the database that is updated automatically by using one or more sources by the patient related data stored patient-related data corresponding achieved.
2.如权利要求1所述的系统,其中该组患者包含医疗护理机构收治的患者。 2. The system according to claim 1, wherein the group of patients admitted to the health care patient comprising a mechanism.
3.如权利要求1所述的系统,其中所述多个患者接口设备的至少一部分中的每个可操作用以给予患者医疗。 The system according to claim 1, wherein at least a portion of the plurality of patient interface devices each operable to administering to patient care.
4.如权利要求3所述的系统,其中所述多个患者接口设备的至少一部分中的每个可操作用以监控患者的至少一项指标。 4. The system according to claim 3, wherein at least a portion of the plurality of patient interface devices each operable to monitor at least one indicator of the patient.
5.如权利要求3所述的系统,其中所述多个患者接口设备的至少一部分中的每个可操作用以给患者施用药物。 5. The system according to claim 3, wherein at least a portion of the plurality of patient interface devices each operable to administering the drug to the patient.
6.如权利要求5所述的系统,其中所述多个患者接口设备的至少一部分中的每个可操作用以给患者施用液体药物。 6. The system of claim 5, wherein at least a portion of the plurality of patient interface devices each operable to liquid medicine is administered to a patient in claim.
7.如权利要求6所述的系统,其中所述多个患者接口设备中的每个包含输液泵。 7. The system according to claim 6, wherein said plurality of patient interface devices each comprise an infusion pump.
8.如权利要求7所述的系统,其中该组患者包括已开具用于输液泵施用的药物的患者。 8. The system according to claim 7, wherein the patient has been issued includes the set of a patient administered a drug infusion pump.
9.如权利要求7所述的系统,进一步包含泵监测数据库,其中所述多个患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备适于将泵特异性数据集传输到所述泵监测数据库,其中所述泵特异性数据集包含与患者接口设备性能有关的数据。 9. The system according to claim 7, further comprising a pump surveillance database, wherein the plurality of interface devices each patient to patient interface device adapted to pump a specific set of data transmitted to the pump surveillance database, wherein said pump-specific data set contains data relating to the patient interface device performance.
10.如权利要求1所述的系统,其中所述患者相关数据包含选自以下组成的组中的至少一个数据库: 电子病历数据库即EMR数据库、药房数据库、医院病历数据库;药物施用记录数据库以及入院、出院和转院数据库。 10. The system set forth in claim 1, wherein the patient-related data consisting of selected from the group comprising at least one database: an electronic medical records database i.e. EMR database, database pharmacy, hospital records database; drug administration and hospital records database , discharge and transfer database.
11.如权利要求1所述的系统,其中所述多个患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备包含逻辑模块,其中所述逻辑模块适于为该组患者的任意患者创建患者特异性指导数据集,其中所述患者特异性指导数据集适用于使所述患者接口设备与所述对应的患者结合。 11. The system according to claim 1, wherein said plurality of patient interface devices each patient interface device includes a logic module, wherein the logic module is adapted to any patients of the group of patients with patient-specific guidance data created set, wherein the patient-specific guidance data set is adapted to cause the patient interface device in combination with said corresponding patient.
12.如权利要求11所述的系统,进一步包括治疗数据库,其中所述数据库的所述自动更新由所述患者接口设备网关响应于所述患者相关数据的改变而自动地执行,其中所述逻辑模炔基于存储在所述治疗数据库中的药物数据和改变的患者相关数据确定更新后的患者特异性指导数据集。 12. The system of claim 11 wherein the logic claim, further comprising a therapy database, wherein said database is updated automatically changed by the patient interface device gateway in response to the patient-related data is automatically performed, alkynyl patient-specific guidance mode data set is determined and updated based on changing data stored in the drug treatment of the patient database-related data.
13.如权利要求12所述的系统,其中所述多个患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备包含输入端口,其中所述患者相关数据的所述改变源自所述多个患者接口设备中的其中一个患者接口设备的所述输入端口。 13. The system of claim 12, wherein said plurality of patient interface devices each patient interface device comprises an input port, wherein the patient-related data is changed from the plurality of patient interface devices wherein said interface apparatus of a patient input port.
14.如权利要求13所述的系统,其中所述输入端口包含选自包括以下的组中的输入端口:条形码读取器、读卡器、RFID读取器、键盘、触摸屏、数据端口和/或无线适配器。 14. The system according to claim 13, wherein said input port comprises an input port is selected from the group comprising of: a bar code reader, a card reader, the RFID reader, a keyboard, a touch screen, data port, and / or wireless adapter.
15.如权利要求12所述的系统,其中所述患者相关数据的改变源自除所述多个患者接口设备中的一个之外的源。 15. The system of claim 12, wherein changing the patient-related data originating from a source other than said plurality of patient interface devices other than a.
16.如权利要求12所述的系统,其中所述多个患者接口设备中的每个适于将与执行的动作相关的数据经由所述患者接口设备网关发送到所述患者相关数据的一个或更多个源。 16. The system of claim 12, wherein said plurality of interface devices adapted to each patient data relating to the actions performed via the gateway interface device to said patient a patient-related data, or more sources.
17.如权利要求12所述的系统,其中所述患者接口设备网关包含: 到患者相关数据的一个或更多个源的通信链路; 到所述治疗数据库的通信链路; 到所述多个患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备的通信链路;和到外部全局治疗数据库的通信链路。 17. The system of claim 12, wherein the patient interface gateway apparatus comprising: a patient-related data to one or more sources of communication links; a communication link to the therapy database; to the plurality each communication link of a patient interface device of a patient interface device; and the external global therapy database to the communications link.
18.如权利要求12所述的系统,其中所述患者接口设备网关包括服务器。 18. The system of claim 12, wherein the patient interface device comprises a gateway server.
19.如权利要求12所述的系统,其中所述患者接口设备网关包括到外部全局治疗数据库的通信链路。 19. The system of claim 12, wherein the patient interface device comprises a gateway to the external communication link database of global therapy.
20.如权利要求19所述的系统,其中所述系统适于根据所述外部全局治疗数据库的改变更新所述治疗数据库。 20. The system according to claim 19, wherein said system is adapted to change the treatment of updating the database according to the database in the external global treatment.
21.如权利要求11所述的系统,进一步包括: 治疗数据库,其中所述数据库的所述自动更新由所述患者接口设备网关响应于存储在所述治疗数据库中的药物数据的改变`自动地执行,其中所述逻辑模炔基于所述患者相关数据和存储在所述治疗数据库中的改变后的药物数据确定更新后的患者特异性指导数据集。 21. The system of claim 11, further comprising: a therapy database, wherein said database is automatically updated by the patient interface device gateway in response to the data stored in the database and the therapeutic agent is changed automatically ' performing, wherein said medicament data based on the logic die alkynyl patient-related data stored in the database to determine a change in therapy patient-specific guidance data set updates.
22.一种更新与患者有关的患者特异性指导数据集的方法,其中所述患者特异性指导数据集设置在第一患者接口设备内,其中所述患者特异性指导数据集适用于将所述第一患者接口设备与对应的患者结合,所述方法包含: 将与患者有关的信息输入到所述第一患者接口设备中; 响应于所述输入步骤,将来自所述第一患者接口设备的信息自动传输到患者相关数据的一个或更多个源中,其中所述传输通过患者接口设备网关执行; 使用所述信息修改所述患者相关数据的一个或更多个源以创建更新后的患者相关数据; 由设置在所述第一患者接口设备内的逻辑模块自动更新与所述患者有关的所述患者特异性指导数据集,以创建与所述患者有关的更新后的患者特异性指导数据集,其中所述更新基于治疗数据库内的数据和所述更新后的患者相关数据; 在所述第一患 22. A method of updating a patient specific guidance data set related to the patient, wherein the patient-specific guidance data set disposed in the first patient interface device, wherein the patient-specific guidance data set is adapted for the the first patient interface device in combination with a corresponding patient, the method comprising: a patient information input relating to the first patient interface device; and in response to the input step, from the first patient interface device modifying a patient using the information related to the patient one or more sources of data to create the updated; information is automatically transmitted to one or more sources of patient-related data, wherein said transmission is performed by the patient interface device gateway data; patient-specific guidance data automatically update the patient specific guidance data set related to the patient by the logic module is disposed within the first patient interface device to create and update related to the patient set, wherein the patient-related data is updated based on the data in the database and the updating therapy; patients in the first 接口设备上存储与所述患者有关的所述更新后的患者特异性指导数据集;以及将与所述更新后的患者相关数据有关的数据存储在通信地互连到所述患者接口设备网关的多个其他患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备上。 A patient interface device specific guidance data set after storing the patient related updates; and patient-related data associated with the updated data stored in the communication interconnected to the patient interface device gateway a plurality of interface devices in other patients on each patient interface device.
23.如权利要求22所述的方法,所述方法进一步包含: 将所述患者的患者标识信息输入到所述第一患者接口设备中; 在所述存储在所述第一患者接口设备上的步骤后,响应于所述输入患者标识信息的步骤,访问与所述患者有关的所述更新后的患者特异性指导数据集;以及根据与所述患者有关的所述更新后的患者特异性指导数据集,使用所述患者接口设备,向所述患者施用医疗护理。 23. The method of claim 22, the method further comprising: input patient identification information of the patient to the first patient interface device; and the first stored on the patient interface device after step step, in response to the input patient identification information, the access information about the patient and the patient-specific updating guidance data set; and the patient after the patient related to the specific guidance update data set, using the patient interface device, medical care administered to the patient.
24.如权利要求23所述的方法,其中所述施用医疗护理包含向患者施用医学治疗。 24. The method according to claim 23, wherein said administering comprises administering medical treatment medical care to a patient.
25.如权利要求24所述的方法,其中所述施用医学治疗包含向患者施用药物。 25. The method according to claim 24, wherein the medical treatment comprises administering a drug administered to a patient.
26.如权利要求25所述的系统,其中所述施用医学治疗包含向患者施用液体药物。 26. The system according to claim 25, wherein said administering comprises administering a liquid medicament medical treatment to a patient.
27.如权利要求26所述的系统,其中所述施用医学治疗包含向所述患者注入液体药物,其中所述患者接口设备包含输液泵。 27. The system according to claim 26, wherein the medical treatment comprises administering to the patient injecting the liquid medicament, wherein the patient interface device comprises an infusion pump.
28.如权利要求22所述的方法,其中所述多个其他患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备包含所包括的逻辑模块,所述逻辑模块适于生成与所述患者有关的所述更新后的患者特异性指导数据集,所述方法进一步包含对于所述多个其他患者接口设备中的至少一个患者接口设备: 通过所述所包括的逻辑模块,生成与所述患者有关的所述更新后的患者特异性指导数据集,其中所述生成是基于治疗数据库内的数据和所述更新后的患者相关数据。 28. The method according to claim 22, wherein said plurality of logic modules of other patient interface devices each comprising a patient interface device included in the logic module is adapted to update the generated related to the patient after the patient-specific guidance data set, the method further comprises a patient interface to the plurality of other devices in the at least one patient interface device: by said logic module included in said generated update related to the patient, after the patient-specific guidance data set, wherein the generating is based on patient-related data in the data and the treatment database update.
29.一种更新多个患者接口设备数据库的方法,其中所述多个患者接口设备数据库中的每个患者接口设备数据库包含与多个患者有关的数据,其中所述多个患者接口设备数据库中的每个患者接口设备数据库设置在多个患者接口设备中的独特患者接口设备内,所述方法包含: 使用与所述多个患者中的患者有关的信息修改患者相关数据,以创建更新后的患者相关数据; 响应于所述修改步骤,更新主数据库以创建更新后的主数据库;以及` 基于所述更新后的主数据库,更新所述多个患者接口设备数据库中的每个患者接口设备数据库,其中所述多个患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备通信地互连到患者接口设备网关。 29. A method of updating a plurality of databases patient interface device, wherein said plurality of patient interface device database for each patient interface device database comprising data relating to a plurality of patients, wherein said plurality of patient interface device database each patient interface device within the patient interface device unique database provided in a plurality of patient interface devices, the method comprising: using the patient information of the patient relevant changes plurality of patient-related data, to create the updated patient-related data; in response to the step of modifying, updating the master database to create an updated master database; `and based on the updated master database, updating the plurality of interface devices each patient database patient interface device database wherein the communication interface device to each of the plurality of patient interface device interconnected to the patient interface device gateway patient.
30.一种更新多个患者接口设备数据库的方法,其中所述多个患者接口设备数据库中的每个患者接口设备数据库包含与多个患者有关的数据,其中所述多个患者接口设备数据库中的每个患者接口设备数据库设置在多个患者接口设备中的独特患者接口设备内,所述方法包含: 使用与药物有关的信息修改治疗数据库以便创建修改后的治疗数据库; 响应于所述修改步骤,更新主数据库以创建更新后的主数据库;以及基于所述更新后的主数据库,更新所述多个患者接口设备数据库中的每个患者接口设备数据库,其中所述多个患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备通信地互连到患者接口设备网关。 30. A method for a plurality of patient interface device to update the database, wherein the plurality of patient interface device database for each patient interface device database comprising data relating to a plurality of patients, wherein said plurality of patient interface device database Interface device database provided in the patient interface device unique to each patient in a plurality of patient interface device, the method comprising: using information related to drug therapy database to modify the database to create a modified treatment; in response to the step of modifying , update the main database to create an updated master database; and based on the updated master database, update the database each patient interface device of said plurality of patient interface device database, wherein said plurality of patient interface devices each patient interface device is communicatively interconnected to the patient interface device gateway.
31.一种患者接口设备,包含输入端口,其中所述输入端口适于接收患者标识信息; 计算机可读存储器,其适于存储数据库; 适于基于在所述输入端口处接收到的患者标识信息选择所述数据库内的记录的逻辑模块; 适于基于所述记录生成与患者相关联的患者特异性指导数据集的逻辑模块;和适于根据存储在与所述患者相关联的患者特异性指导数据集内的信息控制所述患者接口设备的逻辑模块。 31. A patient interface device, comprising an input port, wherein said input port is adapted to receive patient identification information; computer readable memory adapted to store a database; adapted based on the patient identification information received at said input port selecting said recording database logic module; logic module is adapted to record said patient associated with generating patient-specific data sets based on guidance; adapted to the patient and the patient associated with specific guidance storage information in the data set of the logic module control patient interface device.
32.如权利要求31所述的患者接口设备,进一步包含: 数据接口,其中所述数据接口可操作用以将数据发送到计算机网络并从计算机网络接收数据;和适于发送和接收与患者相关数据的改变有关的数据的逻辑模块。 32. The patient interface device according to claim 31, further comprising: a data interface, wherein said data interface is operable to transmit data to a computer network and receives data from a computer network; and adapted to transmit and receive patient-related changing the data relating to the data logic module.
33.如权利要求32所述的患者接口设备,其中所述适于生成患者特异性指导数据集的逻辑模块可操作用以基于经由所述数据接口从治疗数据库和患者相关数据中获得的信息而生成所述患者特异性指导数据集。 33. The patient interface device according to claim 32, wherein said guide is adapted to generate patient-specific data set logic module operable based on information obtained from the treatment and the patient-related data in the database via the data interface and generating a patient specific guidance data set.
34.如权利要求32所述的患者接口设备,其中所述数据接口可操作用以无线地将数据发送到所述计算机网络并从所述计算机网络无线地接收数据。 32, the patient interface device as claimed in claim 34., wherein said data interface is operable to wirelessly transmit data to the computer network and receiving data from the computer network wirelessly.
35.如权利要求32所述的患者接口设备,其中所述输入端口包含选自以下组成的组中的接口: 条形码读取接口; RFID标签读取接口; 触摸屏; 小键盘; 键盘;和读卡器。 35. The patient interface device according to claim 32, wherein said input port comprises selected from the group consisting of the following interfaces: a bar code reading interface; the RFID tag reading interface; touch screen; keypad; keypad; and a card device.
36.如权利要求32所述的患者接口设备,其中所述输入端口适于接收患者标识信息,该患者标识信息的形式包含选自以`下所组成的组中的标识: 条形码; RFID标签; 名称; 序列号; 标识号码; 嵌入式识别设备;和标识卡。 36. The patient interface device according to claim 32, wherein said input port is adapted to receive patient identification information, the patient identification information comprises a form selected from the group consisting of lower `identification: bar code; the RFID tag; Title; SEQ ID NO; identification number; embedded identification device; and an identification card.
37.多个患者接口设备,包含: 第一患者接口设备,其包含: a、第一计算机可读存储器; b、数据库,其存储在所述第一计算机可读存储器中,其中所述数据库包含与第一患者相关联的第一记录和与第二患者相关联的第二记录;和C、逻辑模块,其中所述逻辑模块可操作用以基于所述第一记录创建第一患者特异性指导数据集,其中所述第一患者特异性指导数据集与所述第一患者相关联,其中所述第一患者特异性指导数据集适用于将所述多个患者接口设备中的任一个与所述第一患者结合,其中所述逻辑模块可操作用以基于存储在所述第一计算机可读存储器中的所述第二记录创建第二患者特异性指导数据集,其中所述第二患者特异性指导数据集与所述第二患者相关联,其中所述第二患者特异性指导数据集适用于将所述多个患者接口设备中的任一个与所述第 37. A plurality of patient interface devices, comprising: a first patient interface device, comprising: a, a first computer readable memory; B, a database stored in said first computer-readable memory, wherein said database comprises associated with the first patient a first and a second record associated with the second recording patient; and C, the logic module, wherein said first logic module operable to create a first recording based on patient-specific guidance data set, wherein said first patient-specific guidance data set associated with the first associated patient, wherein said first patient-specific data set is adapted to guide the plurality of patient interface according to any one of the devices binding said first patient, wherein said logic module operable to create a second data set based on patient-specific guidance stored in the first memory of the second computer-readable recording, wherein the second patient-specific guidance data set associated with the second associated patient, wherein the second patient-specific guidance data set is adapted for a patient interface device according to any one of the plurality of the 患者结合;和第二患者接口设备,其包含: a、第二计算机可读存储器;b、存储在所述第二计算机可读存储器中的数据库的副本;和C、所述逻辑模块的副本。 Patients binding; and a second patient interface device, comprising: a, a second computer readable memory; B, a readable copy of the database stored in the memory in the second computer; and C, the copy of the logic module.
38.一种与患者相关数据的一个或更多个源连用的系统,其中所述患者相关数据的一个或更多个源与一组患者对应,所述系统包括: 逻辑模块,其适于基于存储在治疗数据库中的药物数据和存储在所述患者相关数据的一个或更多个源中的患者数据创建多个患者特异性指导数据集,其中所述多个患者特异性指导数据集中的每个患者特异性指导数据集与独特的患者相关联; 患者接口设备网关,其适于将所述患者相关数据的一个或更多个源中的数据的副本发送到所述多个患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备中,其中所述患者接口设备网关进一步适于将所述治疗数据中的数据的副本传输到所述多个患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备中。 38. A patient-related data with one or more sources conjunction system, wherein said one or more patient-related data source corresponds to a group of patients, said system comprising: a logic module adapted based creating and storing patient data, medication data stored in the database in the treatment of a patient-related data to said one or more sources of a plurality of patient specific guidance data set, wherein the plurality of patient-specific guidance for each data set patients with specific guidance data set uniquely associated with a patient; patient interface device gateway, a copy of which is adapted to the patient-related data in one or more sources of data to be transmitted to the plurality of patient interface devices each patient interface device, wherein the patient interface device gateway is further adapted to transmit the copy of the data in the data treatment to the plurality of patient interface devices each patient interface device.
39.如权利要求38所述的系统,其中所述患者接口网关进一步适于接收来自所述多个患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备的信息,其中所述患者接口设备适于将所述信息的第一部分传输到患者相关数据的第一源,并将所述信息的第二部分传输到患者相关数据的第二源。 39. The system according to claim 38, wherein the patient interface gateway is further adapted to receive information of the plurality of patient interface devices each interface device from a patient, wherein the patient interface device adapted to the the first portion of the transmission of information related to the patient a first data source, and the second portion of the transmission information to the second source of patient-related data.
40.一种操作患者接口设备的方法,所述方法包含: 将第一患者的标识信息输入到所述患者接口设备中; 响应于所述输入步骤,根据常驻在所述患者接口设备内的数据库自动生成第一患者特异性指导数据集,其中所述第一患者特异性指导数据集适用于将所述患者接口设备结合到所述第一患者;以及根据所述第一患者特异性指导数据集内的参数将所述患者接口设备结合到所述第一患者。 40. A method of operating a patient interface device, the method comprising: a first input the identification information of the patient to the patient interface device; and in response to said input step, in accordance with resident within the patient interface device a first patient-specific database automatically generates guidance data set, wherein said first patient-specific guidance data set is adapted for connection with the patient interface device to a first patient; and a guide according to the first patient-specific data set of parameters within the patient interface device coupled to the first patient.
41.如权利要求40所述的方法,进一步包含: 将第二患者的标识信息输入到所述患者接口设备中; 响应于输入所述第二患者的标识信息,根据常驻在所述患者接口设备内的所述数据库自动生成第二患者特异性指导数据集,其中所述第二患者特异性指导数据集适用于将所述患者接口设备结合到所述第二患者;以及根据所述第二患者特异性指导数据集内的参数将所述患者接口设备与所述第二患者 41. The method according to claim 40, further comprising: a second input patient identification information to the patient interface device; in response to the second input of the patient identification information, patient interface according to the resident the database within the apparatus automatically generating a second patient specific guidance data set, wherein the second patient-specific guidance data set is adapted for connection with the patient interface device to a second patient; and according to the second patient-specific parameters in the guidance data set of the patient interface device and a second patient
42.一种管理包括多个患者接口设备的系统中的数据的方法,所述方法包含: 在患者接口设备网关处接收数据; 基于在所述患者接口设备网关处所接收的所述数据,更新主数据库,其中所述更新包含所述主数据库的第一组改变; 将所述第一组改变广播到所述多个患者接口设备; 针对所述多个患者接口设备中的每个患者接口设备,使用所述第一组改变更新常驻在所述患者接口设备中的数据库。 42. A method of managing data system comprising a plurality of interface devices in a patient, the method comprising: receiving data at the patient interface device gateway; based on the data received at the patient interface device gateway premises, updates the master database, wherein said updating comprises changing the first set of primary database; broadcasting the first set of changes to the plurality of patient interface devices; for each of the plurality of patient interface devices in patient interface device, using the first set of changes to update said patient interface device resident in the database.
43.如权利要求42所述的方法,进一步包含将所接收到的数据的第一子集发送到第一数据库,以及将所接收到的数据的第二子集发送到第二数据库,其中所述第一数据库和第二数据库的每个是包含患者相关数据的独特数据库。 43. The method according to claim 42, further comprising transmitting a first subset of the received data to the first database, and transmitting a second subset of the received data to the second database, wherein each of said first and second databases are unique database containing patient-related data.
44.如权利要求42所述的方法,进一步包含将所接收到的数据的第一子集发送到第一数据库,以及将所接收到的数据的第二子集发送到第二数据库,其中所述数据的第一子集与患者状态有关,而其中所述数据的第二子集与患者接口设备状态有关。 44. The method according to claim 42, further comprising transmitting a first subset of the received data to the first database, and transmitting a second subset of the received data to the second database, wherein said first subset of data states associated with a patient, and wherein the second subset of the data related to the patient interface device state.
45.一种操作患者接口设备的方法,所述方法包含: 由所述患者接口设备识别预定条件的存在,所述预定条件指示存储在所述患者接口设备内的数据的流动的缺乏。 45. A method of operating a patient interface device, the method comprising: identifying a predetermined condition by the presence of the patient interface device, the predetermined condition indicates that the flow of data stored within the patient interface device lacking.
46.如权利要求45所述的方法,进一步包含响应于所述识别步骤,由所述患者接口设备,警告用户存储在所述患者接口设备内的数据的流动的缺乏。 46. ​​The method according to claim 45, further comprising in response to the identifying step, by the patient interface device, warning the user of the data flow stored in the lack of patient interface device.
47.如权利要求45所述的方法,进一步包含响应于所述识别步骤,由所述患者接口设备阻止用户使用所述患者接口设备与患者结合。 47. The method according to claim 45, further comprising in response to the identifying step, by the patient user interface device prevents the patient interface device in conjunction with the patient.
48.如权利要求45所述的方法,进一步包含响应于所述识别步骤,由所述患者接口设备删除存储在所述患者接口设备内的所述数据的至少一部分。 48. The method according to claim 45, further comprising in response to the identifying step, by said interface device deletes the stored at least a portion of a patient within the patient interface device data.
49.如权利要求45所述的方法,进一步包含: 在所述识别步骤之前,由所述患者接口设备在第一时间点上接收来自患者接口设备网关的通信, 其中所述识别步骤包含:在从所述第一时间点开始的第一预定量时间之后,识别在所述第一预定量时间期间不存在来自所述患者接口设备网关的通信。 49. The method according to claim 45, further comprising: prior to the identifying step, receiving a communication from a gateway interface device on the patient's first point in time by said patient interface device, wherein the identifying step comprises: in after a first predetermined amount of time starting from the first time point, identifying a first predetermined amount of time during the absence of communication from the patient interface device gateway.
50.如权利要求49所述的方法,进一步包含:在所述第一预定量时间之后,并响应于所述识别步骤,由所述患者接口设备警告用户不存在来自所述患者接口设备网关的通信。 50. The method according to claim 49, further comprising: after the first predetermined amount of time, and in response to the identifying step, the absence of a patient from the gateway interface device by the patient alert a user interface device communication. ` `
51.如权利要求50所述的方法,进一步包含: 在从第二时间点开始的第二预定量时间之后,由所述患者接口设备识别在所述第二预定量时间期间不存在来自所述患者接口设备网关的通信;以及响应于在所述第二预定量时间期间不存在来自所述患者接口设备网关的通信的所述识别,由所述患者接口设备删除存储在所述患者接口设备内的所述数据的至少一部分。 51. The method according to claim 50, further comprising: after the second predetermined amount of time starting from the second point in time by said patient identification from the interface device is not present during the second predetermined amount of time communication gateway patient interface device; and in response to the identified communication from the patient interface device gateway is not present during the second predetermined amount of time, by the interface device within a patient deleting stored in the patient interface device at least a portion of said data.
52.如权利要求49所述的方法,进一步包含:在所述第一预定量时间之后,并响应于所述识别步骤,由所述患者接口设备阻止用户使用所述患者接口设备与患者结合。 52. The method according to claim 49, further comprising: after the first predetermined amount of time, and in response to the identifying step, the patient interface device is prevented by using the user interface device with a patient.
53.如权利要求49所述的方法,进一步包含:在所述第一预定量时间之后,并响应于所述识别步骤,由所述患者接口设备删除所述患者接口设备内的所述数据的至少一部分。 53. The method according to claim 49, further comprising: after the first predetermined amount of time, and in response to the identifying step, the data in the patient interface device deletes the interface device by the patient at least a part of it.
54.如权利要求45所述的方法,进一步包含: 在所述识别步骤之前,由所述患者接口设备接收来自患者接口设备网关的第一通信,其中所述第一通信包括第一串行化标识; 在所述识别步骤之前,由所述患者接口设备接收来自所述患者接口设备网关的第二通信,其中所述第二通信包括第二串行化标识;并且其中所述识别步骤包含由所述患者接口设备基于所述第一串行化标识和所述第二串行化标识确定没有接收具有在所述第一串行化标识和所述第二串行化标识之间的串行化标识的第二通/[目。 54. The method according to claim 45, further comprising: prior to the identifying step, receiving a first communication from a patient interface device gateway by the patient interface device, wherein said first communication comprises a first serializer identifier; prior to the identifying step, receiving a second communication from the patient interface device gateway by the patient interface device, wherein said second communication comprises a second serialized identifier; and wherein the identifying step comprises the determining the patient interface device having not received serial serialized between the first identifier and the second identifier serialized serialized based on the first identifier and the second identifier serialized the second through by identifier / [mesh.
55.如权利要求54所述的方法,进一步包含由所述患者接口设备请求来自所述患者接口设备网关的所述第三通信。 55. The method according to claim 54, further comprising an interface device by the patient request from the patient interface device of the third communication gateway.
56.如权利要求54所述的方法,进一步包含响应于所述识别步骤,由所述患者接口设备警告用户存储在所述患者接口设备内的数据的流动的缺乏。 56. The method according to claim 54, further comprising in response to the identifying step, by the patient interface device alerting a user stored in the absence of data flowing within the patient interface device.
57.如权利要求56所述的方法,进一步包含响应于所述识别步骤,由所述患者接口设备阻止用户使用所述患者接口设备与患者结合。 57. The method according to claim 56, further comprising in response to said identifying step, said interface device by the patient to prevent the patient using a user interface device in conjunction with the patient.
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