CN103764989A - Hydrogen supplemental system for on-demand hydrogen generation for internal combustion engines - Google Patents

Hydrogen supplemental system for on-demand hydrogen generation for internal combustion engines Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103764989A
CN103764989A CN201180073179.8A CN201180073179A CN103764989A CN 103764989 A CN103764989 A CN 103764989A CN 201180073179 A CN201180073179 A CN 201180073179A CN 103764989 A CN103764989 A CN 103764989A
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hydrogen
tank
oxygen
engine
fuel cell
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CN201180073179.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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唐纳德·沃德·欧文斯
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唐纳德·沃德·欧文斯
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Priority to US13/224,338 priority Critical
Priority to US13/225,348 priority
Priority to US13/224,338 priority patent/US8449754B2/en
Priority to US13/225,362 priority patent/US8449736B2/en
Priority to US13/225,355 priority patent/US8454808B2/en
Priority to US13/225,348 priority patent/US8449735B2/en
Priority to US13/225,362 priority
Priority to US13/225,355 priority
Application filed by 唐纳德·沃德·欧文斯 filed Critical 唐纳德·沃德·欧文斯
Priority to PCT/US2011/054292 priority patent/WO2013032497A1/en
Publication of CN103764989A publication Critical patent/CN103764989A/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M25/00Engine-pertinent apparatus for adding non-fuel substances or small quantities of secondary fuel to combustion-air, main fuel or fuel-air mixture
    • F02M25/10Engine-pertinent apparatus for adding non-fuel substances or small quantities of secondary fuel to combustion-air, main fuel or fuel-air mixture adding acetylene, non-waterborne hydrogen, non-airborne oxygen, or ozone
    • F02M25/12Engine-pertinent apparatus for adding non-fuel substances or small quantities of secondary fuel to combustion-air, main fuel or fuel-air mixture adding acetylene, non-waterborne hydrogen, non-airborne oxygen, or ozone the apparatus having means for generating such gases
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25B1/00Electrolytic production of inorganic compounds or non-metals
    • C25B1/02Electrolytic production of inorganic compounds or non-metals of hydrogen or oxygen
    • C25B1/04Electrolytic production of inorganic compounds or non-metals of hydrogen or oxygen by electrolysis of water
    • C25B1/06Electrolytic production of inorganic compounds or non-metals of hydrogen or oxygen by electrolysis of water in cells with flat or platelike electrodes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25B9/00Cells or assemblies of cells; Constructional parts of cells; Assemblies of constructional parts, e.g. electrode-diaphragm assemblies
    • C25B9/06Cells comprising dimensionally-stable non-movable electrodes; Assemblies of constructional parts thereof
    • C25B9/08Cells comprising dimensionally-stable non-movable electrodes; Assemblies of constructional parts thereof with diaphragms
    • C25B9/10Cells comprising dimensionally-stable non-movable electrodes; Assemblies of constructional parts thereof with diaphragms including an ion-exchange membrane in or on which electrode material is embedded
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/30Hydrogen technology
    • Y02E60/36Hydrogen production from non-carbon containing sources
    • Y02E60/366Hydrogen production from non-carbon containing sources by electrolysis of water
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/10Hydrogen from electrolysis with energy of non-fossil origin, e.g. PV, wind power, nuclear
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/20Systems combining fuel cells with production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10General improvement of production processes causing greenhouse gases [GHG] emissions
    • Y02P20/12Energy input
    • Y02P20/129Energy recovery
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10General improvement of production processes causing greenhouse gases [GHG] emissions
    • Y02P20/12Energy input
    • Y02P20/133Renewable energy sources
    • Y02P20/134Sunlight
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/10Internal combustion engine [ICE] based vehicles
    • Y02T10/12Technologies for the improvement of indicated efficiency of a conventional ICE
    • Y02T10/121Adding non fuel substances or small quantities of secondary fuel to fuel, air or fuel/air mixture
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/10Internal combustion engine [ICE] based vehicles
    • Y02T10/16Energy recuperation from low temperature heat sources of the ICE to produce additional power

Abstract

A portable, on-demand hydrogen generation system (l) is provided for producing hydrogen and injecting the hydrogen as a fuel supplement into the air intake of internal combustion engines (32), more particularly to vehicles (31). Hydrogen and oxygen is produced with a fuel cell (5) at low temperatures and pressure from water in a supply tank (6). The hydrogen and oxygen is passed back through the supply tank (6) for distribution and water preservation. The gases are kept separate by a divider (17) in the tank (6) and the water level in the tank (6). In the case of gasoline engines (32), the hydrogen is directed to the air intake (38) of the engine (32) while the oxygen is vented to the atmosphere. The device (1) is optionally powered by the vehicle battery (33), a stand alone battery, waste heat of the internal combustion engine (32) or solar energy. The system (1) utilizes a vacuum switch (35) or other engine sensor that permits power to the device (1) and therefore hydrogen production only when the engine (32) is in operation. Therefore, as the hydrogen is produced it is immediately consumed by the engine (32). No hydrogen is stored on, in or around the vehicle (31).

Description

用于内燃机的按需产生氢气的氢气补充系统 Hydrogen replenishment system for an internal combustion engine on-demand generation of hydrogen

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ] 本发明涉及氢气产生装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a hydrogen generation device. 更具体地,本发明涉及可用于内燃机以提高燃料效率并且减少碳排放的氢气补充系统。 More particularly, the present invention relates to a hydrogen replenishment system for an internal combustion engine can improve the fuel efficiency and to reduce carbon emissions.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 市场上存在多种生成HHO气体的装置,该HHO气体也称为布郎气体,用作汽油和柴油发动机的补充剂。 [0002] The presence of more supplement HHO gas generating means, which is also known as Brown gas HHO gas, gasoline and diesel engines used on the market. HHO由两个氢与一个氧组成。 HHO of two hydrogen with oxygen a composition. 这些装置通常包含将水分解成氢与氧的电解槽。 These devices generally comprise decomposing water into hydrogen and oxygen electrolyzer. 实例为专利4023405号。 Examples Patent No. 4,023,405. 这些电解槽通常使用电解质,最显著地是氢氧化钾(KOH)或者碳酸氢钠。 The cell electrolyte is generally used, most notably potassium hydroxide (KOH) or sodium bicarbonate. 对该装置施加电压以生产HHO气体。 Means for applying a voltage to the HHO gas production.

[0003] 大多数这些装置的主要问题是产生氢气所需要的能量对车辆的电气系统造成很大的负荷。 [0003] Most of the major problem with these devices is required to produce hydrogen energy caused great load on the vehicle's electrical system. 类似于在任何车辆内运行空调装置,附加的电负载导致每加仑的英里数减少。 Operating the air conditioning apparatus is similar in any vehicle, additional electrical load results in a reduction of the number of miles per gallon. 尽管氢气通常提高车辆的效率和每加仑的英里数,但在车辆上用于产生氢气的附加的电负载往往高至需要最小化的程度或在许多情况下否定车辆的大部分或全部的里程收益。 Although hydrogen is generally improve the efficiency and vehicle miles per gallon, but the extent of the additional electrical load for the generation of hydrogen often high to be minimized on the vehicle or deny most or all of the vehicle's mileage benefits in many cases .

[0004] 此外,大多数HHO系统产生混合气流形式的氢气和氧气。 [0004] In addition, most of the HHO system generates mixed gas stream in the form of hydrogen and oxygen. 氢气与氧气一般没有彼此分离。 Hydrogen and oxygen are generally not separated from each other. 在现代的汽油动力车辆的情况下,这种额外的氧气被车辆的氧气传感器检测,该氧气传感器将此额外的氧气水平传达给车载计算机,即车辆的电子控制单元ECU。 In the case of modern gasoline-powered vehicle, this extra oxygen is an oxygen sensor for detecting a vehicle to convey the oxygen sensor of this level of additional oxygen to the onboard computer, i.e., electronic control unit ECU of the vehicle. 当电子控制单元检测到此额外的氧气时,这是发动机正缩缸(lean)运行且ECU对发动机加入更多汽油的信号。 When the electronic control unit detects the additional oxygen, which is the engine is reduced cylinder (Lean) and run the engine ECU signals added more gasoline. 这也否定了大部分的燃料效率收益。 It also negates most of the fuel efficiency gains.

[0005] 再者,HHO系统通常使用碳酸氢钠或者氢氧化钾(Κ0Η)。 [0005] Further, HHO systems typically use sodium hydrogencarbonate or potassium hydroxide (Κ0Η). 氢氧化钾通常由于其稳定性且其对用在电解槽中的不锈钢板或其它板产生更低的劣化而比碳酸氢钠优选。 Potassium hydroxide is generally due to its stability and produces less deterioration of the electrolytic cell used in the stainless steel plate or other preferred ratio of sodium bicarbonate. 但是,氢氧化钾由于其具有腐蚀性而必须小心处理,而且如果处理不当,其结晶体将会造成危险。 However, because of its corrosive potassium hydroxide must be handled with care, and if not handled properly, it would be dangerous crystals. 为了电解槽的最佳运转,电解质正常需要以一定比例注入到单元中。 For optimal operation of the electrolytic cell, the electrolyte needs to be properly injected into the cell a certain proportion. 使用它的时候需要格外小心。 Use extra care when you need it. 它不是通常你可以放心地交到没有经验的消费者手中的产品类型。 It is not usual that you can safely handed the hands of an inexperienced consumer product type.

[0006] 代表性的HHO系统的另一个问题是复杂的安装。 [0006] Another problem with typical HHO system is complicated to install. 通常需要在发动机舱或者车辆外部找到空间。 Usually you need to find space in the engine compartment or outside of the vehicle. 由于所有的车辆不尽相同,在多种车辆的发动机罩下找到合适的地点来安装该装置几乎是不可能的。 Since all the different vehicles, suitable site in a variety of vehicle under the hood to install the device is almost impossible. 而且该系统通常连接到车辆的电气系统,如果安装不当,这会导致保险丝烧断和很多其他问题。 And the system is typically connected to the vehicle's electrical system, if installed properly, which can result in blown fuse and many other issues. 氢气仅在汽车运行时需要,而不是在打开点火时。 Hydrogen car runs only when needed, not when you open the ignition. 在安装过程中,必须小心观察以确保仅在发动机运行时对该装置提供电能。 During the installation process, care must be taken to ensure that the power to the observation apparatus only when the engine is running. 否则氢气会在进气口中累积。 Otherwise, hydrogen will accumulate in the air intake. 这进一步使这些系统的安装复杂化。 This further complicates the installation of these systems.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007] 本发明涉及一种用于产生氢气并将所述氢气注入内燃机,尤其是车辆的内燃机的进气口的按需生产的便携式紧凑型氢气补充系统。 [0007] The present invention relates to a method for generating hydrogen gas and the hydrogen gas injection engine, the intake port of the particular demand of portable compact produced hydrogen make-up system of an internal combustion engine vehicle. 氢气与氧气通过燃料电池由供应箱中的水在低温低压下生产。 Hydrogen and oxygen produced by the fuel cell by the water supply tank at a low temperature and pressure. 氢气与氧气被送回供应箱以用于分配和水保存。 Hydrogen and oxygen is returned to supply tank for dispensing of water and saved. 上述气体由箱中的隔板和箱中的水面保持分离。 Maintaining the gas separated by the separator tank and the water tank. 在汽油发动机的情况下,氢气被送到发动机的进气口,而氧气可选择地排放到大气中。 In the case of a gasoline engine, the hydrogen is supplied to the intake port of the engine, and oxygen is optionally discharged to the atmosphere. 该装置可以由车辆交流发电机、独立电池、废热或太阳能提供动力。 The apparatus may be powered by the vehicle alternator, individual cells, waste heat or solar energy. 该系统采用了对该系统提供的动力进行控制的真空开关或其他发动机传感器,由此用于发动机的氢气生产仅在发动机运行时进行。 The system uses the power provided by the system vacuum switch or other sensor-controlled engine, whereby for the production of hydrogen is only an engine during engine operation. 因此,氢气随其产生而立即被发动机消耗。 Thus, hydrogen gas is immediately produced therewith consumption of the engine. 没有氢气储存在车辆上、车辆内或车辆周围。 No hydrogen storage in a vehicle, the vehicle surroundings or the vehicle interior.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0008] 从以下结合附图看到的示例实施方式和权利要求的详细描述中,本发明的前述内容及更好理解将变得明显,实施方式、权利要求和附图均构成本发明公开内容的一部分。 [0008] from the following detailed description of exemplary embodiments and the accompanying drawings seen in conjunction with the claims, the present invention will become apparent and be better understood, embodiments, claims, and drawings constituting the disclosure of the present invention are a part of. 虽然前述和以下所书面描述的公开内容集中于本发明公开的示例实施方式,但应清楚理解的是,本发明公开的示例实施方式是为了说明且仅为示例,本发明不限于此,其中附图的简要说明如下: While the foregoing disclosure and the following written description focuses on the exemplary embodiment of the present invention disclosed embodiments, it is to be clearly understood that the present invention is disclosed to illustrate exemplary embodiments are merely exemplary and the present invention is not limited thereto, wherein attachment brief description of the drawings as follows:

[0009] 图1为根据本发明示出水箱和壳体设计的便携式氢气补充系统的详图; [0009] FIG. 1 is a detailed view illustrating the portable explicitly hydrogen tank and the supplementary housing system design according to the invention;

[0010] 图2示意性示出了根据本发明安装在典型车辆内的便携式氢气补充系统; [0010] FIG. 2 schematically shows a portable hydrogen supplemental system according to the present invention installed in a typical vehicle;

[0011] 图3为示出了根据本发明的PEM电解槽的运转以及细节的示意图; [0011] FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram illustrating a PEM electrolyser according to the present invention, and details of operation;

[0012] 图4为根据本发明的水箱6的另一实施方式的示意图; [0012] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of another embodiment of the present invention, the tank 6 embodiment;

[0013] 图5A-图5B为根据本发明的安装托架3的另一实施方式的示意图; [0013] FIG. 5A- FIG. 5B is a schematic diagram of another embodiment of the present invention mounting bracket of the embodiment 3;

[0014] 图6为根据本发明的控制电路50的一种实施方式的示意图。 [0014] FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram according to one embodiment of the control circuit 50 of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0015] 如下面将更详细描述的,本发明提供了用于提高内燃机的燃料效率并降低碳排放的设备、方法与系统,特别是例如氢气补充系统。 [0015] As described in more detail below, the present invention provides a method for improving the fuel efficiency of the engine and reduce the equipment, methods and systems for carbon emissions, in particular, such as hydrogen replenishment system. 本发明提供了如下说明的多种实施方式。 The present invention provides various embodiments explained below. 然而,应当注意的是,本发明并不限于本文所描述的实施方式,而是可扩展至本领域技术人员已知或将知的其它实施方式。 However, it should be noted that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described herein, but extends to other embodiments of skill in the art or known.

[0016] 如图1所示,本发明提供了一种便携式氢气补充系统1,氢气补充系统I包括可由安装托架3与紧固单元4固定在车辆的主体(trunk)或其他平整表面上的壳体单元2。 [0016] As shown in FIG. 1, the present invention provides a portable hydrogen replenishment system 1, the hydrogen replenishment system I comprises a mounting bracket 3 by the fastening unit 4 is fixed to the vehicle body (Trunk) or other flat surface on housing unit 2. 燃料电池5和以使水7通过重力供应给燃料电池的方式安置在燃料电池5的上面的水箱6在壳体单元2的内部。 5 and 6 to the fuel cell 7 manner water is supplied by gravity to the fuel cell is disposed above the fuel cell 5 of the tank 2 in the housing unit. 水箱6由支撑构件8支撑在壳体单元2内且在燃料电池上方。 6 tank 8 is supported by the support member and the top of the fuel cell 2 within the housing unit. 壳体单元设计为易于从安装托架3拆卸。 Housing unit designed to be easily detached from the mounting bracket 3.

[0017] 水箱6包括安置于其下侧且与管或其它供应构件10连接的供水接头9,上述管或其它供应构件10又连接到燃料电池5上的进水接头11。 [0017] 6 comprises a tank disposed lower side thereof, and the water supply pipe or other supply member 10 is connected to connection 9, the tube member 10, or other supply in turn connected to the inlet connector 511 of the fuel cell. 水通过供应构件10供应至燃料电池5。 Water supplied to the fuel cell 10 through the supply member 5. 燃料电池5还包括氢气出口接头12和氧气出口接头13,氢气出口接头12和氧气出口接头13通过管或另外的供应构件14和15与水箱6的下侧的进气接头16连接。 The fuel cell 5 further comprising a hydrogen outlet connector 12 and an oxygen outlet connector 13, a hydrogen outlet connector 12 and the oxygen gas outlet 13 through a pipe fitting or another supply member 14 and the lower side 15 of the water tank 6 connected to the intake joint 16. 水箱包括至少一个隔板17,该隔板17将水箱6分隔成至少两个部分,即氢气部分18与氧气部分19。 A separator comprising at least one tank 17, the separator tank 17 will be divided into at least two portions 6, i.e., hydrogen and oxygen portion 18 portion 19. 隔板17沿着水箱6的内壁形成并自水箱6的底表面20延伸约1/4"。水箱6包括允许向该箱注水的充注管口21。随着水放入水箱6中,该箱在隔板17的两侧均匀充注。 The separator 17 is formed along the inner wall of the tank 6 and extends about 1/4 from the bottom surface 20 of tank 6. "To allow the tank 6 comprises a water tank filling spout 21. As the water in the water tank 6, the on both sides of the separator tank 17 is uniformly filled.

[0018] 公知的用于产生电的燃料电池5被逆向操作来产生氢气与氧气。 [0018] known for generating electricity of the fuel cell 5 is operated to generate reverse hydrogen and oxygen. 水自水箱注入燃料电池且在对该电池施加电压时,生产氢气与氧气。 Injection water from the water tank and the fuel cell when the voltage is applied to the battery, the production of hydrogen and oxygen.

[0019] 根据本发明,燃料电池5可例如是质子交换膜电解槽或聚合物电解质膜(PEM)电解槽。 [0019] According to the present invention, the fuel cell 5 may be, for example, a proton exchange membrane electrolyzer or a polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) electrolyzer. PEM电解槽包括通常由离聚物制成并且设计为在使诸如氧气或氢气之类的气体无法渗透的同时而传导质子的半透膜。 PEM electrolyser generally comprises an ionomer formed by a semipermeable membrane and is designed so that gas such as oxygen or hydrogen or the like can not penetrate, while the proton-conducting. 当被并入到质子交换膜燃料电池或质子交换膜电解槽的膜电极组件(MEA)中时,所述半透膜的基本功能是:隔离反应物和传输质子。 When incorporated into a proton exchange membrane fuel cell or a proton exchange membrane electrolytic cell of the membrane electrode assembly (MEA) in time, the basic function of the semipermeable membrane are: spacer reactants and a proton transfer.

[0020] 已知的是,电解槽是通过施加电能而由水产生氢气和氧气的装置,并且所述电解槽包括一系列板,当施加低电压直流时,水流过所述板。 [0020] It is known that the cell is an apparatus of hydrogen and oxygen from water by the application of electrical energy, and the cell comprises a series of panels, when a low voltage direct current, water flows through the plate. 通过通电,电解槽通常通过将化合物分解为基本部分或更简单产物而将水分解成氢气和氧气。 By energizing the electrolytic cell usually by decomposing the compound to the basic portion of the product, or more simply to split water into hydrogen and oxygen.

[0021] 在图3中示出了PEM电解槽。 [0021] FIG. 3 shows in a PEM electrolyzer. PEM电解槽包括多个层,所述多个层包括:彼此相对布置的外部电极41,所述外部电极41中的一个是阳极41a,而另一个是阴极41b ;分别布置在阳极41a和阴极41b上的电催化剂42a和42b ;以及布置在电催化剂2a和42b之间的膜 PEM electrolyser comprising a plurality of layers, said plurality of layers comprising: an external electrode disposed opposite to one another 41, one of the external electrode 41 is an anode 41a, and the other is a cathode 41b; 41a disposed respectively at the anode and the cathode 41b power on the catalyst 42a and 42b; and a film between the electrocatalyst and 42b disposed 2a

43。 43. PEM电解槽进一步包括外部电路44,所述外部电路44以下述方式将电力施加到阳极41a和阴极41b,即,使电力以电子的形式从阳极41a沿外部电路44流动到阴极41b并且使质子从阳极41a穿过膜43到达阴极41b。 PEM electrolyser further comprising an external circuit 44, the external circuit 44 in the following manner electricity applied to the anode 41a and the cathode 41b, i.e., so that the power electronic form in the external circuit from the anode 41a to the cathode 41b and flowing 44 protons from The anode 41a through the membrane 43 to the cathode 41b.

[0022] PEM电解槽的效率主要依赖于它的膜和电催化剂的性能。 [0022] PEM electrolyzer efficiency mainly depends on its film properties and electrocatalyst. 膜43包括固态含氟聚合物,所述固态含氟聚合物被部分地化学改性以包含磺酸基SO3H,所述磺酸基能容易地以带正电荷的原子或H+质子的形式释放它们的氢:S03H->S03_+H+。 43 includes a solid fluoropolymer film, the fluorine-containing polymer solid is partially chemically modified to comprise S03H sulfonic acid group, a sulfonic acid group in the form of a tape can be easily positively charged atom or release them protons H + hydrogen: S03H-> S03_ + H +.

[0023] 这些离子或带电荷的形式使得水可以透过膜结构而不产生气体,即不产生氢气H2和氧气O2分子。 [0023] The ionic or charged so that the water may form a gas permeable membrane without generating structure that does not generate hydrogen gas H2 and oxygen gas O2 molecules. 所产生的水合质子H3O+可自由移动而磺酸盐离子S03_保留固定在聚合物侧链上。 The produced hydrated protons can move freely H3O + sulfonate ion S03_ retained fixed on the polymer side chain. 因此,当对膜43施加电场时,水合质子被吸引到带负电荷的电极,即阴极41b。 Accordingly, when an electric field is applied to the film 43, the hydrated protons are attracted to the negatively charged electrode, i.e. cathode 41b. 因为移动的电荷相当于电流,膜43充当电的导体。 Because current mobile charges corresponding to the film 43 acts as an electrical conductor. 也可称为质子导体。 It may also be referred to as a proton conductor.

[0024] 所使用的典型的膜材料被称为“全氟磺酸(nafion)”。 [0024] Typical membrane materials used are referred to as "perfluorosulfonic acid (Nafion)." 全氟磺酸是包含小比例磺酸基或羧酸基离子官能基的全氟化聚合物。 Perfluorosulfonic acid polymer containing a small proportion of a perfluorinated sulfonic acid group or a carboxylic acid group ionic functional groups.

[0025] 因此,如图3所示,水H20进入电池并且在膜43的表面被分解以形成质子、电子以及气态氧。 [0025] Thus, as shown in FIG. 3, the water H20 is decomposed into the cell and the surface of the film 43 to form protons, electrons and gaseous oxygen. 当质子在所施加的电场的影响下穿过膜43并且电子通过外部电路44时,气态氧离开所述电池。 When protons pass through the membrane under the influence of an applied electric field 43 and the electrons through the external circuit 44, a gaseous oxygen leaving the battery. 质子和电子在相对的表面处(即作为阴极41b已知的带负电荷的电极)结合,以形成纯净的气态氢。 Protons and electrons at the opposite surface (i.e., a negatively charged electrode known in the cathode 41b) combined to form pure hydrogen gas.

[0026] 在燃料电池5的运转过程中,少量的水、氢气泡22和氧气泡23分别从燃料电池5的氢气出口12和氧气出口13冒出并流入箱6的氢气侧18和氧气侧19。 [0026] In the fuel cell operating process 5, a small amount of water, hydrogen and oxygen bubbles 22 from the hydrogen bubbles 23 respectively 19 of the fuel cell 12 and the oxygen outlet 5 of the outlet 13 and flows out the hydrogen tank 18 side and the oxygen side of the 6 . 上述气泡经过水上升到由箱内的水面和箱隔板17形成的上部空气腔体24。 The bubble through the water rises to the upper air cavity formed by the water separator tank 17 and the tank 24. 氢气与氧气在上部腔体24内由隔板17和箱内的水面保持彼此分离。 Hydrogen and oxygen are kept separated from each other by the separator 17 and the water tank 24 within the upper chamber. 随着氢气与氧气充注它们各自的上部腔体24,氢气通过上述箱上侧的接头25流出上部腔体,氧气通过上述箱上侧的接头26流出上部腔体。 As the hydrogen and oxygen filling their respective upper chamber 24, via a linker to said hydrogen tank side of the upper chamber 25 flows out, the oxygen tank via a linker to said upper side 26 of the outflow chamber. 氢气通过与壳体单元2的氢气接头28连接的管27流动。 Hydrogen flow through the housing unit 2 is hydrogen joint 28 of tube 27 is connected. 氧气通过与壳体单元2的接头30连接的管29流动。 Oxygen flows through a pipe 29 connected to the connector 30 of the housing unit 2.

[0027] 如图2所示,由汽油或柴油发动机32提供动力的车辆31装配有便携式氢气补充系统I。 [0027] As shown, powered by gasoline or diesel engine 32 of the vehicle 31 is fitted with a portable hydrogen replenishment system 2 I. 由连接至电线34的车辆电池33对便携式氢气补充系统I供电。 I connected to the wire 34 is powered by the vehicle battery 33 of the portable hydrogen replenishment system. 氢气补充系统的电路包括真空开关35或其它发动机传感器,以及操作控制开关(operator controlledswitch) 36,操作控制开关36在发动机运行时接通便携式氢气补充系统I的电路。 Circuit hydrogen replenishment system 35 includes a vacuum switch or other engine sensors, and an operation control switch (operator controlledswitch) 36, the operation control switch 36 of the portable system I is hydrogen supplementary circuit is turned on when the engine is running. 一旦对便携式氢气补充系统I供电,氢气通过与壳体单元2的氢气接头28连接的氢气出口管37流到车辆发动机32的进气口38。 Once the portable power supply system I added hydrogen, hydrogen gas through the hydrogen outlet connector 2 is hydrogen housing unit 28 is connected to pipe 37 flows to the engine air intake 32 of the vehicle 38. 氧气通过氧气出口管39流动,并在具有氧气传感器的汽油发动机的情况下排放到大气中。 Oxygen tube 39 flows through an oxygen outlet, and discharged to the atmosphere in the case of a gasoline engine having an oxygen sensor. 上述两种气体能够可选地结合用于不具有氧气传感器的柴油发动机车辆或其它内燃机。 Both gases can optionally be used in conjunction with a diesel engine vehicle does not have an oxygen sensor or other internal combustion engines.

[0028] 图4中示出了水箱6的一个替代实施方式。 In [0028] FIG. 4 shows an alternative embodiment of tank 6. 根据如图4中所示的水箱6,隔板17a和17b被配置在箱的相对两端以将水箱6分隔成氢气部分18和氧气部分19。 The water tank 6 shown in FIG. 4, the opposite ends of the separator 17a and 17b are disposed in the tank 6 to the tank portion 18 is divided into hydrogen and oxygen portion 19. 各隔板17a, 17b沿着水箱6的内壁形成并自水箱6的底表面20延伸约1/4"。随着水放入水箱6中,该箱在各隔板17a和17b的两侧均匀充注。 Each of the separators 17a, 17b are formed to extend about 1/4 from the bottom surface 20 of the tank 6 "6 along the inner wall of the tank. As the water in the water tank 6, each of the separators 17a and 17b uniform in the sides of the tank filling.

[0029] 根据本发明之前所述的,随着氢气与氧气注入它们各自的上部腔体24,氢气通过上述箱上侧的接头25流出上部腔体,氧气通过上述箱上侧的接头26流出上部腔体。 [0029] According to the present invention described before, with the hydrogen and oxygen inject their respective upper chamber 24, the hydrogen tank side via a linker to said upper chamber 25 flows, through the upper side of the oxygen gas tank 26 flows out of the upper joint cavity. 或者,所述接头25和26可由气体收集器45和46替代。 Alternatively, the joint 25 and 26 may be a gas collector 45 and 46 alternate. 各气体收集器45,46被构造为包括挡板47a和47b,所述挡板47a和47b用于防止水溅入或进入到管27和29中。 Each gas collector 45, 46 is configured to include a baffle 47a and 47b, the baffles 47a and 47b prevent water from splashing into or into the tube 27 and 29. 各挡板47a,47b配置为从气体收集器45和46的内表面垂直伸出。 Each baffle 47a, 47b configured to extend from the vertical inner surface of the gas collectors 45 and 46. 具体来说,挡板47a配置为从气体收集器45,46的内表面的一部分延伸,该内表面的一部分与所述气体收集器45,46的内表面的另一部分相对,挡板47b从所述气体收集器45,46的内表面的另一部分延伸。 Specifically, the shutter portion 47a is configured from the inner surface of the gas collector 45, 46 extend, the other portion of the inner surface of the inner surface of a portion of the gas collector 45, 46 is opposite from the baffle 47b another portion of said gas collector 45, 46 of the inner surface of the extension.

[0030] 图5A-图5B中示出了安装托架3的一个替代实施方式。 [0030] FIG. 5A- FIG. 5B shows the mounting bracket 3 of an alternative embodiment. 安装托架3具有形成在其中的安置在安装托架3的角部附近的椭圆形孔48,椭圆形孔48用于容纳布置在壳体单元2的底凸缘(undersigned)上的螺钉/双头螺柱。 3 having a mounting bracket disposed therein is formed in the mounting bracket 3 the oblong hole near the corner portion 48, the oblong holes 48 for screws are arranged on the bottom flange of the housing unit (undersigned) 2 of the receiving / bis stud. 椭圆形孔48通过容纳布置在壳体单元2的底凸缘上的螺钉/双头螺柱而使得壳体单元2能够被可拆卸地附接到安装托架3上。 Oblong holes 48 so that the housing unit 2 can be removably attached to the mounting bracket 3 by receiving the bottom flange is disposed on the housing unit 2, screws / studs. 壳体单元2可从安装托架3上拆卸,这就允许使用者拆卸该装置以便进行包括加水、进行维修、更换部件及其它在内的维护。 Housing unit 2 can be detached from the mounting bracket 3, which allows the user to disassemble the device for adding water includes, for maintenance, parts replacement and maintenance, including other.

[0031] 举例而言,电路可由如图6所示的用于控制氢气补充系统的控制电路50而提供。 [0031] For example, as shown by the circuit for controlling the hydrogen replenishment system control circuit 50 shown in FIG. 6 is provided. 控制电路50包括真空开关35或者其它发动机传感器、操作控制开关36、全球定位系统(GPS)51、与门电路52或其它类似电路以及开关53,所述真空开关35或者其它发动机传感器在发动机运转时提供正输出,所述操作控制开关36在所述操作控制开关36被移动到接通位置时提供来自所述真空开关35的正输出,所述全球定位系统51在汽车的速度超过预定的水平时提供正输出,所述与门电路52或其它类似电路在所述操作控制开关36和所述GPS51的输出都为正时提供正输出,所述开关53在所述与门电路52供给正输出时将电力切换给所述燃料电池5,因此使得所述燃料电池5在发动机运转并且汽车速度超过预定水平时运转。 The control circuit 50 comprises a vacuum switch 35 or other engine sensors, the operation control switch 36, a global positioning system (GPS) 51, AND circuit 52 and a switch or other like circuits 53, the vacuum switch 35 or other sensor the engine when the engine operation providing a positive output when the operation switch 36 controls the operation of the control switch 36 is moved to provide a positive output from the vacuum switch 35 to the oN position, the global positioning system 51 in the vehicle speed exceeds a predetermined level providing a positive output, both to provide the timing aND circuit 52 or other similar output circuits in the operation control switch 36 and the positive output GPS51, the switch 53 is supplied to the positive output of the aND gate 52 the power switch 5 to the fuel cell, the fuel cell 5 so that the operation of the engine and the running speed of the vehicle exceeds a predetermined level.

[0032] 当发动机的负载没有超过预定水平且由氢气补充系统生产并且供应到汽油动力发动机的氢气的量落入预设的范围之内时,所述氢气补充系统在汽油动力发动机中最佳地运转。 [0032] When the load of the engine does not exceed a predetermined level and the production of hydrogen replenishment system and the amount of hydrogen supplied into the gasoline powered engine falls within a preset range, the best system is the hydrogen added in gasoline powered engines operation.

[0033] 在汽油动力发动机中,氢气补充系统所使用的电力由发动机交流发电机供应。 [0033] In gasoline powered engines, the power system uses hydrogen supplement the engine supplied by the alternator. 如上所述,仅仅当发动机运转并且汽车速度超过预定水平时,才供应电力。 As described above, only when the engine is running and the vehicle speed exceeds a predetermined level, power is supplied only. 因此,氢气补充系统施加在发动机上的负载与从交流发电机中取得的电力(以安培为单位测量)量有关。 Therefore, the hydrogen replenishment system is applied to the engine load and the power obtained from the AC generator (measured in amperes) amount related. 最佳地,当发动机上的负载不超过4安培的从交流发电机取得的电流或以另外一种方式测量的不超过56瓦特时,氢气补充系统在汽油动力发动机上最好地运转。 Optimally, when the load on the engine does not exceed 4 amps taken from the alternator or measured in another way is not more than 56 watts, the hydrogen replenishment system is preferably operated on a gasoline powered engine. 应注意,安培或瓦特的量取决于发动机和交流发电机的规格(四、六或八汽缸,等等)。 It should be noted, the amount of amps or watts depending on the size of the engine and the alternator (four, six or eight cylinders, etc.). 还应注意,柴油发动机具有不同的最佳负载设置。 It should also be noted, a diesel engine having different optimum load settings.

[0034] 另外,在汽油动力发动机中,氢气补充系统产生并且供应到汽油动力发动机的最佳的氢气量落在0.10〜0.25升/每分钟的预设范围内。 The optimum amount of hydrogen [0034] Further, in a gasoline powered engine, the hydrogen replenishment system generated and supplied to the gasoline powered engine falls 0.10~0.25 liter / per minute within a preset range.

[0035] 在上述的基础上,当发动机上的负载不超过4安培或以另外一种方式测量的不超过56瓦特并且氢气补充系统产生并供应到汽油动力发动机的氢气量落在0.10〜0.25升/每分钟的预设范围内时,汽油动力发动机取得了最高的燃油效率(以公里/加仑来测量)。 [0035] In the above basis, when the load on the engine is not more than 4 amps, or in another way to measure and no more than 56 watts complement system generates hydrogen supplied to the hydrogen and gasoline powered engine falls 0.10~0.25 liter within a preset range / per minute, gasoline-powered engine achieved the highest fuel efficiency (km / gallon measured).

[0036] 虽然已经描述了本发明的优选实施方式,但应该理解,在不脱离本发明的精神与范围可以对其进行多种修改。 [0036] While there has been described preferred embodiments of the present invention, it is to be understood that, without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention various modifications may be made thereto. 所有此类修改均落入所附权利要求的范围。 All such modifications fall within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (76)

1.一种便携式氢气补充系统,用于对内燃机供应氢气,所述便携式氢气补充系统包括: 壳体单元; 燃料电池,安装在所述壳体单元内,将水转换成氢气和氧气; 水箱,安装在所述壳体单元内,安置为向所述燃料电池供应水; 电源,用于对所述燃料电池供电; 发动机传感器,用于检测所述内燃机的运转;和操作控制开关, 其中,所述水箱包括至少一个箱隔板,所述箱隔板将所述水箱分隔成至少两个部分,在所述水箱内被放入水时,所述至少两个部分都充注水; 其中,所述水箱在其顶部至少包括用于分别收集氢气和氧气的第一气体收集腔体和第二气体收集腔体,所述气体收集腔体由所述水箱的顶部表面、所述箱隔板和所述水箱内的水面形成; 其中,每个所述气体收集腔体在其顶部包括用于分配氢气和氧气中的一种至所述水箱外的接头; 其中,在所 A portable hydrogen replenishment system for supplying hydrogen to the internal combustion engine, the portable hydrogen supplemental system comprising: a housing unit; fuel cell mounted within the housing unit, to convert water into hydrogen and oxygen; tank, mounted within said housing unit, arranged to supply water to the fuel cell; a power source for the fuel battery; engine sensors, for detecting the operation of the internal combustion engine; and operation of the control switch, wherein the said separator tank comprises at least one tank, the separator tank the tank is divided into at least two parts, is placed in the water within the tank, said at least two parts are charge injection; wherein said including at least a tank at the top for collecting hydrogen and oxygen, respectively, a first gas collection chamber and a second gas collection chamber, said gas collection chamber by the top surface of the tank, the tank and the separator formed within the water tank; wherein each of said gas collecting chamber at its top for dispensing hydrogen and oxygen comprises means for fitting to the outer tank; wherein, in the 发动机传感器检测到所述内燃机处于运转且所述操作控制开关被激活时,所述电源对所述燃料电池供电; 其中,当供电时,所述燃料电池由供应到所述燃料电池中的水生产氢气和氧气,所述氢气和氧气被引导经过所述水箱进入所述水箱顶部的所述气体收集腔体中以用于适当的气体分配,从而使得氢气被供应到内燃机中以用于所述内燃机中的燃烧; 其中,所述内燃机为汽油动力发动机;并且其中,当所述汽油动力发动机的负载没有超过预定水平时,所述便携式氢气补充系统在所述汽油动力发动机中最佳地运转。 The engine sensor detects that the internal combustion engine is operating and the operation of the control switch is activated, the power supply to the fuel cell; wherein, when power is supplied, the fuel cell produced by the water supplied to the fuel cell hydrogen and oxygen, the hydrogen and oxygen is directed through the top of the tank into the tank of the gas collecting cavity for proper gas distribution, so that the hydrogen gas is supplied to the internal combustion engine for the internal combustion engine combustion; wherein said internal combustion engine is a gasoline powered engine; and wherein, when more than a predetermined level, the system is optimally portable hydrogen supplemental gasoline powered operation load of the engine is not in the gasoline powered engine.
2.根据权利要求1所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述汽油动力发动机的负载不超过4安培的由所述汽油动力发动机驱动的交流发电机取得的电流或以另外一种方式测量的不超过56瓦特。 Measuring the current or in another manner from the gasoline powered engine driven alternator 2. The portable hydrogen acquired supplementary system according to claim 1, wherein the gasoline powered engine load is not more than 4 Amperes no more than 56 watts.
3.根据权利要求1所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,当由所述系统生产并且供应到所述汽油动力发动机的氢气量落入预设的范围之内时,所述便携式氢气补充系统在所述汽油动力发动机中最佳地运转。 The portable hydrogen supplemental system of claim 1, wherein, when produced by the system and the amount of hydrogen supplied into the gasoline powered engine falls within a preset range, the portable hydrogen supplemental system the best engine operation gasoline powered.
4.根据权利要求1所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述便携式氢气补充系统通过附接到车辆表面上的安装托架而被安装到由内燃机驱动的车辆上。 The portable system according to supplement the hydrogen to claim 1, wherein the portable system is supplemented by the hydrogen attached to the mounting bracket on the vehicle surface is mounted on the vehicle driven by the engine.
5.根据权利要求4所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述安装托架具有形成在其中的安置在所述安装托架的角部附近的椭圆形孔,所述椭圆形孔用于容纳布置在壳体单元的底凸缘上的螺钉/双头螺柱,并且其中,所述椭圆形孔通过容纳布置在所述壳体单元的底凸缘上的螺钉/双头螺柱而使得所述壳体单元能够可拆卸地附接到所述安装托架上,从而允许移除所述便携式氢气补充系统以便进行维护。 5. The portable hydrogen supplemental system according to claim 4, wherein the mounting bracket having disposed therein is formed in an oval hole near the corner portion of the mounting bracket, the elliptical apertures for receiving arranged on the bottom flange of the housing unit screws / studs, and wherein said oblong holes disposed through receiving screws / studs on the bottom flange of the housing unit such that the said housing unit detachably attached to the mounting bracket, so as to allow removal of the portable system of supplemental hydrogen for maintenance.
6.根据权利要求1所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述水箱安置在所述燃料电池的上方。 6. The portable system according hydrogen make according to claim 1, wherein said upper fuel cell disposed in the water tank.
7.根据权利要求1所述的便携式氢气补充系统,进一步包括: 控制电路,所述控制电路具有开关,当所述发动机传感器检测到所述内燃机处于运转时,所述控制电路对所述燃料电池供电。 The portable hydrogen supplemental system of claim, further comprising: a control circuit, the control circuit has a switch, when the engine sensor detects that the engine is in operation, the control circuit of the fuel cell powered by.
8.根据权利要求1所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述燃料电池包括: 多个层;并且其中,电力以生产氢气和氧气的方式施加到所述燃料电池的相对的层。 8. The portable hydrogen supplemental system of claim 1, wherein said fuel cell comprising: a plurality of layers; and wherein the hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity in a manner opposite to the applied layer of the fuel cell.
9.根据权利要求4所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述水箱包括: 供水接头,所述供水接头安置于所述水箱的下侧并且与连接到所述燃料电池上的进水接头的管连接, 其中,水通过所述管供应到所述燃料电池,并且其中,所述燃料电池进一步包括氢气出口接头和氧气出口接头,所述氢气出口接头和氧气出口接头通过另外的管与水箱下侧的进气接头连接。 9. The portable hydrogen supplemental system according to claim 4, wherein the water tank comprising: a supply connection, the supply connection is disposed on the lower side of the water tank and the water on the fuel cell is connected to a connector pipe connection, wherein the water supplied through the tube to the fuel cell, and wherein the fuel cell further comprising a hydrogen outlet connector and an outlet connector oxygen, the oxygen and hydrogen outlet fitting through the outlet connection pipe and the tank under the additional intake side linker.
10.根据权利要求9所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,在燃料电池的运转过程中,少量的水、氢气泡和氧气泡分别从燃料电池的氢气出口和氧气出口冒出并流入所述水箱的氢气侧和氧气侧, 其中,气泡经过水上升到由箱内的水面和箱隔板形成的上部空气腔体中,使得氢气和氧气在所述上部腔体内由所述隔板保持彼此分离,并且其中,随着氢气与氧气充注它们各自的上部腔体,气体通过氢气接头和氧气接头流出所述上部腔体。 The portable system of claim 9 supplemental hydrogen claim, wherein, during operation of the fuel cell, a small amount of water, oxygen and hydrogen bubbles are bubbles emerges from the outlet of the hydrogen fuel cell and the oxygen outlet and into the water tank hydrogen side and oxygen side, wherein the air bubble through the water rises to the upper surface of the cavity formed by the separator tank and the tank so that the hydrogen and oxygen in the upper chamber separated from each other held by the separator, and wherein the hydrogen and oxygen with their respective upper filling chamber, the hydrogen gas through an oxygen linker and the linker out of the upper chamber.
11.根据权利要求10所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述氢气接头和氧气接头分别能够由气体收集器来替代,所述气体收集器被构造为包含用于防止水溅入或进入所述管中的挡板。 11. The portable hydrogen supplemental system of claim 10 wherein the oxygen linker and linker are hydrogen can be replaced by a gas collector, the gas collector is configured to contain or prevent water from splashing into the entering said baffle tube.
12.根据权利要求11所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,各挡板被构造为从气体收集器的内表面垂直地伸出,并且其中,第一挡板配置为从气体收集器的内表面的一部分延伸,所述内表面的一部分与所述气体收集器的内表面的另一部分相对,第二挡板从所述气体收集器的内表面的另一部分延伸。 12. The portable hydrogen supplemental system of claim 11, wherein each flap is to project perpendicularly from the inner surface of the gas collector configuration, and wherein the first baffle disposed within a gas from the surface of the collector extending portion, the other portion of the inner surface of the portion of the inner surface of the opposing gas collector, the second flap extending from the other portion of the inner surface of the gas collector.
13.—种将氢气供应到内燃机的方法,包括: 由安装在壳体单元内的燃料电池将水转换成氢气和氧气; 由安装在所述壳体单元内的水箱对所述燃料电池供应水; 由发动机传感器检测所述内燃机的运转; 在所述发动机传感器检测到所述内燃机处于运转且所述操作控制开关被激活时,由电源对所述燃料电池供电; 当供电时,通过所述燃料电池由供应到所述燃料电池中的水生产氢气和氧气,所述氢气和氧气被引导经过所述水箱进入所述水箱顶部的相应的气体收集腔体中以用于适当的气体分配;以及将氢气供应到内燃机中以用于所述内燃机中的燃烧, 其中,所述水箱包括至少一个箱隔板,所述箱隔板将所述水箱分隔成至少两个部分,在所述水箱内放入水时,所述至少两个部分都充注水;其中,每个所述气体收集腔体在其顶部包括用于分配氢气和氧气中的一 13.- method of supplying hydrogen to the internal combustion engine, comprising: a fuel cell mounted within the housing unit to convert water into hydrogen and oxygen; supplying water from the water tank to the fuel cell mounted within the housing unit ; the engine sensor detects that the internal combustion engine is operating and the operation of the control switch is activated, the fuel supply from the battery to;; a sensor for detecting operation of the engine when the internal combustion engine powered by the fuel supplied from the battery to the fuel cell produced water in hydrogen and oxygen, the hydrogen and oxygen is directed through the water tank into the top of the tank a respective gas collecting cavity for proper gas distribution; and hydrogen supply to the internal combustion engine for combustion in the internal combustion engine, wherein said separator tank comprises at least one tank, the separator tank the tank is divided into at least two portions, placed in the water tank water, said at least two parts are injection charge; wherein each of said gas collecting chamber at the top thereof comprising means for dispensing a hydrogen and oxygen in the 种至所述水箱外的接头; 其中,所述内燃机为汽油动力发动机;并且其中,当所述汽油动力发动机的负载没有超过预定水平时,所述便携式氢气补充系统在所述汽油动力发动机中最佳地运转。 Species to the joint outer tank; wherein the internal combustion engine is a gasoline powered engine; and wherein, when the load of the gasoline powered engine does not exceed a predetermined level, the portable system of supplemental hydrogen in the most gasoline powered engine good to run.
14.根据权利要求13所述的方法,其中,所述汽油动力发动机的负载不超过4安培的由所述汽油动力发动机驱动的交流发电机取得的电流或以另外一种方式测量的不超过56瓦特。 Current or in another manner is not more than 56 measured 14. A method according to claim 13, wherein said gasoline powered engine load does not exceed 4 amps gasoline powered by the engine driven alternator obtained watt.
15.根据权利要求13所述的方法,其中,当由所述系统生产并且供应到所述汽油动力发动机的氢气量落入预设的范围之内时,所述便携式氢气补充系统在所述汽油动力发动机中最佳地运转。 15. The method of claim 13, wherein, when produced by the system and the amount of hydrogen supplied into the gasoline powered engine falls within a preset range, the portable system of supplemental hydrogen in the gasoline engine power optimally operate.
16.根据权利要求13所述的方法,其中,所述便携式氢气补充系统通过附接到车辆表面上的安装托架而被安装到由内燃机驱动的车辆上。 16. The method of claim 13, wherein the portable supplemental hydrogen gas through the system is mounted on a bracket attached to the mounting surface of the vehicle driven by the engine of the vehicle.
17.根据权利要求16所述的方法,其中,所述安装托架具有形成在其中的安置在所述安装托架的角部附近的椭圆形孔,所述椭圆形孔用于容纳布置在壳体单元的底凸缘上的螺钉/双头螺柱,并且其中,所述椭圆形孔通过容纳布置在所述壳体单元的底凸缘上的螺钉/双头螺柱而使得所述壳体单元能够可拆卸地附接到所述安装托架上,从而允许移除所述便携式氢气补充系统以便进行维护。 17. The method according to claim 16, wherein the mounting bracket having disposed therein is formed in the oblong hole in the vicinity of the corner portions of the mounting bracket, the oblong hole disposed in the housing for receiving screw on the bottom flange of the unit / stud, and wherein said oblong holes are arranged through the screw receiving flange on the bottom of the housing unit / stud such that said housing unit can be detachably attached to the mounting bracket, so as to allow removal of the portable system of supplemental hydrogen for maintenance.
18.根据权利要求13所述的方法,其中,所述水箱安置在所述燃料电池的上方。 18. The method according to claim 13, wherein the top of the fuel cell disposed in the water tank.
19.根据权利要求13所述的方法`,其中,当所述发动机传感器检测到所述内燃机处于运转时,具有开关的控制电路对所述燃料电池供电。 19. The method of claim 13 ', wherein, when the engine sensor detects that the engine is in operation to, a control circuit switches the power supply to the fuel cell.
20.根据权利要求13所述的方法,其中,所述燃料电池包括: 多个层;并且其中,电力以生产氢气和氧气的方式施加到所述燃料电池的相对的层。 20. The method according to claim 13, wherein said fuel cell comprising: a plurality of layers; and wherein the hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity in a manner opposite to the applied layer of the fuel cell.
21.根据权利要求16所述的方法,其中,所述水箱包括: 供水接头,所述供水接头安置于所述水箱的下侧并且与连接到所述燃料电池上的进水接头的管连接, 其中,水通过所述管供应到所述燃料电池,并且其中,所述燃料电池进一步包括氢气出口接头和氧气出口接头,所述氢气出口接头和氧气出口接头通过另外的管与水箱下侧的进气接头连接。 21. A method according to claim 16, wherein the water tank comprising: a supply connection, the supply connection is disposed on a lower side of the tank and connected to the pipe connected to the inlet connector of the fuel cell, wherein the water supplied through the tube to the fuel cell, and wherein the fuel cell further comprising a hydrogen outlet connector and an outlet connector oxygen, the oxygen and hydrogen outlet fitting through the side outlet fitting and the further pipe into the tank gas linker.
22.根据权利要求21所述的方法,其中,在燃料电池的运转过程中,少量的水、氢气泡和氧气泡分别从燃料电池的氢气出口和氧气出口冒出并流入所述水箱的氢气侧和氧气侧, 其中,气泡经过水上升到由箱内的水面和箱隔板形成的上部空气腔体中,使得氢气和氧气在所述上部腔体内由所述隔板保持彼此分离,并且其中,随着氢气与氧气充注它们各自的上部腔体,气体通过氢气接头和氧气接头流出所述上部腔体。 22. The method according to claim 21, wherein, during operation of the fuel cell, a small amount of water, oxygen and hydrogen bubbles are bubbles emerge from the hydrogen outlet and the outlet of the fuel cell and oxygen flows into the hydrogen side of the water tank and the oxygen side, wherein the air bubble through the water rises to the upper surface of the cavity formed by the separator tank and the tank so that the hydrogen and oxygen in the upper portion of the cavity is held by the separator separated from each other, and wherein, as the hydrogen and oxygen filling their respective upper chamber, the hydrogen gas through an oxygen linker and the linker out of the upper chamber.
23.根据权利要求22所述的方法,其中,所述氢气接头和氧气接头分别能够由气体收集器来替代,所述气体收集器被构造为包含用于防止水溅入或进入所述管中的挡板。 23. The method according to claim 22, wherein said oxygen linker and linker are hydrogen can be replaced by a gas collector, the gas collector is configured to contain or prevent water from splashing into the tube into the the bezel.
24.根据权利要求23所述的方法,其中,各挡板被构造为从气体收集器的内表面垂直地伸出,并且其中,第一挡板配置为从气体收集器的内表面的一部分延伸,所述内表面的一部分与所述气体收集器的内表面的另一部分相对,第二挡板从所述气体收集器的内表面的另一部分延伸。 24. The method according to claim 23, wherein each flap is to project perpendicularly from the inner surface of the gas collector configuration, and wherein the first flap portion configured to extend from the inner surface of the gas collector another portion of the inner surface of a portion of the gas collector opposite the inner surface, the second flap extending from the other portion of the inner surface of the gas collector.
25.一种便携式氢气补充系统,用于对内燃机供应氢气,所述便携式氢气补充系统包括: 壳体单元; 燃料电池,安装在所述壳体单元内,将水转换成氢气和氧气; 水箱,安装在所述壳体单元内,安置为向所述燃料电池供应水; 电源,用于对所述燃料电池供电; 发动机传感器,用于检测所述内燃机的运转;和操作控制开关, 其中,所述水箱包括至少一个箱隔板,所述箱隔板将所述水箱分隔成至少两个部分,在所述水箱内被放入水时,所述至少两个部分都充注水; 其中,所述水箱在其顶部至少包括用于分别收集氢气和氧气的第一气体收集腔体和第二气体收集腔体,所述气体收集腔体由所述水箱的顶部表面、所述箱隔板和所述水箱内的水面形成; 其中,每个所述气体收集腔体在其顶部包括用于分配氢气和氧气中的一种至所述水箱外的接头; 其中,在所 25. A portable hydrogen replenishment system for supplying hydrogen to the internal combustion engine, the portable hydrogen supplemental system comprising: a housing unit; fuel cell mounted within the housing unit, to convert water into hydrogen and oxygen; tank, mounted within said housing unit, arranged to supply water to the fuel cell; a power source for the fuel battery; engine sensors, for detecting the operation of the internal combustion engine; and operation of the control switch, wherein the said separator tank comprises at least one tank, the separator tank the tank is divided into at least two parts, is placed in the water within the tank, said at least two parts are charge injection; wherein said including at least a tank at the top for collecting hydrogen and oxygen, respectively, a first gas collection chamber and a second gas collection chamber, said gas collection chamber by the top surface of the tank, the tank and the separator formed within the water tank; wherein each of said gas collecting chamber at its top for dispensing hydrogen and oxygen comprises means for fitting to the outer tank; wherein, in the 述发动机传感器检测到所述内燃机处于运转且所述操作控制开关被激活时,所述电源对所述燃料电池供电; 其中,当供电时,所述燃料电池由供应到所述燃料电池中的水生产氢气和氧气,所述氢气和氧气被引导经过所述水箱进入所述水箱顶部的所述气体收集腔体中以用于适当的气体分配,从而使得氢气被供应到内燃机中以用于所述内燃机中的燃烧; 其中,所述内燃机为汽油动力发动机;并且其中,当由所述系统生产并且供应到所述汽油动力发动机的氢气量落入预设的范围之内时,所述便携式氢气补充系统在所述汽油动力发动机中最佳地运转。 Said engine sensor detects that the engine is in operation and the operation of the control switch is activated, the power supply to the fuel cell; wherein, when power is supplied, the fuel cell from the fuel cell is supplied to the water production of hydrogen and oxygen, the hydrogen and oxygen is directed through the top of the tank into the tank of the gas collecting cavity for proper gas distribution, so that the hydrogen gas is supplied to the internal combustion engine for the combustion engine; wherein said internal combustion engine is a gasoline powered engine; and wherein, when produced by the system and the amount of hydrogen supplied into the gasoline powered engine falls within a preset range, the portable supplemental hydrogen the system optimally operate in the gasoline powered engine.
26.根据权利要求25所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,当所述汽油动力发动机的负载没有超过预定水平时,所述便携式氢气补充系统在所述汽油动力发动机中最佳地运转。 26. The portable system according to supplement the hydrogen to claim 25, wherein said gasoline powered engine when the load does not exceed a predetermined level, the portable hydrogen make the system operate optimally gasoline powered engines.
27.根据权利要求25所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,在所述汽油动力发动机中,由所述系统生产并且供应到所述汽油动力发动机的最佳氢气量在0.10~0.25升/分钟的范围内。 27. The portable system according to supplementary hydrogen as claimed in claim 25, wherein, in the gasoline powered engine, produced by the system and the optimal amount of hydrogen supplied to the gasoline powered engine is in the 0.10 to 0.25 liters / minute range.
28.根据权利要求25所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述便携式氢气补充系统通过附接到车辆表面上的安装托架而被安装到由内燃机驱动的车辆上。 28. The portable hydrogen supplemental system of claim 25, wherein the portable system is supplemented by the hydrogen attached to the mounting bracket on the vehicle surface is mounted on the vehicle driven by the engine.
29.根据权利要求28所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述安装托架具有形成在其中的安置在所述安装托架的角部附近的椭圆形孔,所述椭圆形孔用于容纳布置在壳体单元的底凸缘上的螺钉/双头螺柱,并且其中,所述椭圆形孔通过容纳布置在所述壳体单元的底凸缘上的螺钉/双头螺柱而使得所述壳体单元能够可拆卸地附接到所述安装托架上,从而允许移除所述便携式氢气补充系统以便进行维护。 29. The portable hydrogen supplemental system of claim 28 wherein the mounting bracket having disposed therein is formed in an oval hole near the corner portion of the mounting bracket, the elliptical apertures for receiving arranged on the bottom flange of the housing unit screws / studs, and wherein said oblong holes disposed through receiving screws / studs on the bottom flange of the housing unit such that the said housing unit detachably attached to the mounting bracket, so as to allow removal of the portable system of supplemental hydrogen for maintenance.
30.根据权利要求25所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述水箱安置在所述燃料电池的上方。 30. The portable system according to supplement the hydrogen claim 25, wherein the top of the fuel cell disposed in the water tank.
31.根据权利要求25所述的便携式氢气补充系统,进一步包括: 控制电路,所述控制电路具有开关,当所述发动机传感器检测到所述内燃机处于运转时,所述控制电路对所述燃料电池供电。 31. The portable system according to supplement the hydrogen claim 25, further comprising: a control circuit, the control circuit has a switch, when the engine sensor detects that the engine is in operation, the control circuit of the fuel cell powered by.
32.根据权利要求25所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述燃料电池包括: 多个层;并且其中,电力以生产氢气和氧气的方式施加到所述燃料电池的相对的层。 32. The portable system according to supplement the hydrogen claim 25, wherein said fuel cell comprising: a plurality of layers; and wherein the hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity in a manner opposite to the applied layer of the fuel cell.
33.根据权利要求28所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述水箱包括: 供水接头,所述供水接头安置于所述水箱的下侧并且与连接到所述燃料电池上的进水接头的管连接, 其中,水通过所述管供应到所述燃料电池,并且其中,所述燃料电池进一步包括氢气出口接头和氧气出口接头,所述氢气出口接头和氧气出口接头通过另外的管与水箱下侧的进气接头连接。 33. The portable hydrogen supplemental system of claim 28 claim wherein the water tank comprising: a supply connection, the supply connection is disposed on the lower side of the water tank and the water on the fuel cell is connected to a connector pipe connection, wherein the water supplied through the tube to the fuel cell, and wherein the fuel cell further comprising a hydrogen outlet connector and an outlet connector oxygen, the oxygen and hydrogen outlet fitting through the outlet connection pipe and the tank under the additional intake side linker.
34.根据权利要求33所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,在燃料电池的运转过程中,少量的水、氢气泡和氧气泡分别从燃料电池的氢气出口和氧气出口冒出并流入所述水箱的氢气侧和氧气侧, 其中,气泡经过水上升到由箱内的水面和箱隔板形成的上部空气腔体中,使得氢气和氧气在所述上部腔体内由所述隔板保持彼此分离,并且其中,随着氢气与氧气充注它们各自的上部腔体,气体通过氢气接头和氧气接头流出所述上部腔体。 34. The portable hydrogen supplemental system of claim 33, wherein, during operation of the fuel cell, a small amount of water, oxygen and hydrogen bubbles are bubbles of hydrogen emerge from the outlet and into the outlet of the fuel cell and oxygen in the tank hydrogen side and oxygen side, wherein the air bubble through the water rises to the upper surface of the cavity formed by the separator tank and the tank so that the hydrogen and oxygen in the upper chamber separated from each other held by the separator, and wherein the hydrogen and oxygen with their respective upper filling chamber, the hydrogen gas through an oxygen linker and the linker out of the upper chamber.
35.根据权利要求34所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述氢气接头和氧气接头分别能够由气体收集器来替代,所述气体收集器被构造为包含用于防止水溅入或进入所述管中的挡板。 35. The portable system according to supplement the hydrogen to claim 34, wherein said oxygen linker and linker are hydrogen can be replaced by a gas collector, the gas collector is configured to contain or prevent water from splashing into the entering said baffle tube.
36.根据权利要求35所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,各挡板被构造为从气体收集器的内表面垂直地伸出,并且其中,第一挡板配置为从气体收集器的内表面的一部分延伸,所述内表面的一部分与所述气体收集器的内表面的另一部分相对,第二挡板从所述气体收集器的内表面的另一部分延伸。 36. The portable system according to supplementary hydrogen as claimed in claim 35, wherein each flap is configured so as to extend perpendicularly from the inner surface of the gas collector, and wherein the first baffle disposed within a gas from the surface of the collector extending portion, the other portion of the inner surface of the portion of the inner surface of the opposing gas collector, the second flap extending from the other portion of the inner surface of the gas collector.
37.一种将氢气供应到内燃机的方法,包括: 由安装在壳体单元内的燃料电池将水转换成氢气和氧气; 由安装所述在所述壳体单元内的水箱对所述燃料电池供应水; 由发动机传感器检测所述内燃机的运转; 在所述发动机传感器检测到所述内燃机处于运转且所述操作控制开关被激活时,由所述电源对所述燃料电池供电; 当供电时,通过所述燃料电池由供应到所述燃料电池中的水生产氢气和氧气,所述氢气和氧气被引导经过所述水箱进入所述水箱顶部的相应的气体收集腔体中以用于适当的气体分配;以及将氢气供应到内燃机中以用于所述内燃机中的燃烧, 其中,所述水箱包括至少一个箱隔板,所述箱隔板将所述水箱分隔成至少两个部分,在所述水箱内放入水时,所述至少两个部分都充注水; 其中,每个所述气体收集腔体在其顶部包括用于分配氢气和 37. A method of supplying hydrogen to the internal combustion engine, comprising: a fuel cell mounted within the housing unit to convert water into hydrogen and oxygen; of the water tank is mounted within the housing of the fuel cell unit supplying water; the engine sensor detects that the internal combustion engine is operating and the operation of the control switch is activated by the power supply to the fuel cell;; a sensor for detecting the operation of the engine when the engine power, supplied by the fuel cell by the hydrogen and oxygen to produce water of the fuel cell, the hydrogen and oxygen is directed through the water tank into the top of the tank a respective gas collection chamber to a gas suitable for allocation; and hydrogen supplied to the internal combustion engine for combustion in the internal combustion engine, wherein said separator tank comprises at least one tank, the separator tank the tank is divided into at least two parts, in the when placed in water, the at least two portions are filled water in the water tank; wherein each of said gas collecting chamber at the top thereof comprising means for dispensing hydrogen and 气中的一种至所述水箱外的接头; 其中,所述内燃机为汽油动力发动机;并且其中,当由所述系统生产并且供应到所述汽油动力发动机的氢气量落入预设的范围之内时,所述便携式氢气补充系统在所述汽油动力发动机中最佳地运转。 A gas tank to the outer joint; wherein said internal combustion engine is a gasoline powered engine; and wherein, when the amount of hydrogen produced by the system and supplied to the gasoline powered engine falls within a predetermined range within the portable hydrogen make the system operate optimally gasoline powered engines.
38.根据权利要求37所述的方法,其中,当所述汽油动力发动机的负载没有超过预定水平时,所述便携式氢气补充系统在所述汽油动力发动机中最佳地运转。 38. The method according to claim 37, wherein said gasoline powered engine when the load does not exceed a predetermined level, the portable hydrogen make the system operate optimally gasoline powered engines.
39.根据权利要求37所述的方法,其中,在所述汽油动力发动机中,由所述系统生产并且供应到所述汽油动力发动机的最佳氢气量在0.10~0.25升/分钟的范围内。 39. The method according to claim 37, wherein, in the gasoline powered engine, produced by the system and the optimal amount of hydrogen supplied to the gasoline powered engine is in the range of 0.10 to 0.25 l / min.
40.根据权利要求37所述的方法,其中,所述便携式氢气补充系统通过附接到车辆表面上的安装托架而被安装到由内燃机驱动的车辆上。 40. The method according to claim 37, wherein the portable system is supplemented by the hydrogen attached to the mounting bracket on the vehicle surface is mounted on the vehicle driven by the engine.
41.根据权利要求40所述的方法,其中,所述安装托架具有形成在其中的安置在所述安装托架的角部附近的椭圆形孔,所述椭圆形孔用于容纳布置在壳体单元的底凸缘上的螺钉/双头螺柱,并且其中,所述椭圆形孔通过容纳布置在所述壳体单元的底凸缘上的螺钉/双头螺柱而使得所述壳体单元能够可拆卸地附接到所述安装托架上,从而允许移除所述便携式氢气补充系统以便进行维护。 41. The method according to claim 40, wherein the mounting bracket having disposed therein is formed in an oval hole near the corner portion of the mounting bracket, the oblong hole disposed in the housing for receiving screw on the bottom flange of the unit / stud, and wherein said oblong holes are arranged through the screw receiving flange on the bottom of the housing unit / stud such that said housing unit can be detachably attached to the mounting bracket, so as to allow removal of the portable system of supplemental hydrogen for maintenance. ` `
42.根据权利要求37所述的方法,其中,所述水箱安置在所述燃料电池的上方。 42. The method according to claim 37, wherein the top of the fuel cell disposed in the water tank.
43.根据权利要求37所述的方法,其中,当所述发动机传感器检测到所述内燃机处于运转时,具有开关的控制电路对所述燃料电池供电。 43. The method according to claim 37, wherein, when the engine sensor detects that the engine is in operation, a control circuit switches the power supply to the fuel cell.
44.根据权利要求37所述的方法,其中,所述燃料电池包括: 多个层;并且其中,电力以生产氢气和氧气的方式施加到所述燃料电池的相对的层。 44. The method according to claim 37, wherein said fuel cell comprising: a plurality of layers; and wherein the hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity in a manner opposite to the applied layer of the fuel cell.
45.根据权利要求40所述的方法,其中,所述水箱包括: 供水接头,所述供水接头安置于所述水箱的下侧并且与连接到所述燃料电池上的进水接头的管连接, 其中,水通过所述管供应到所述燃料电池,并且其中,所述燃料电池进一步包括氢气出口接头和氧气出口接头,所述氢气出口接头和氧气出口接头通过另外的管与水箱下侧的进气接头连接。 45. The method according to claim 40, wherein the water tank comprising: a supply connection, the supply connection is disposed on a lower side of the tank and connected to the inlet connector tube connection on the fuel cell, wherein the water supplied through the tube to the fuel cell, and wherein the fuel cell further comprising a hydrogen outlet connector and an outlet connector oxygen, the oxygen and hydrogen outlet fitting through the side outlet fitting and the further pipe into the tank gas linker.
46.根据权利要求45所述的方法,其中,在燃料电池的运转过程中,少量的水、氢气泡和氧气泡分别从燃料电池的氢气出口和氧气出口冒出并流入所述水箱的氢气侧和氧气侧, 其中,气泡经过水上升到由箱内的水面和箱隔板形成的上部空气腔体中,使得氢气和氧气在所述上部腔体内由所述隔板保持彼此分离,并且其中,随着氢气与氧气充注它们各自的上部腔体,气体通过氢气接头和氧气接头流出所述上部腔体。 46. ​​The method according to claim 45, wherein, during operation of the fuel cell, a small amount of water, oxygen and hydrogen bubbles are bubbles emerge from the hydrogen outlet and the outlet of the fuel cell and oxygen flows into the hydrogen side of the water tank and the oxygen side, wherein the air bubble through the water rises to the upper surface of the cavity formed by the separator tank and the tank so that the hydrogen and oxygen in the upper portion of the cavity is held by the separator separated from each other, and wherein, as the hydrogen and oxygen filling their respective upper chamber, the hydrogen gas through an oxygen linker and the linker out of the upper chamber.
47.根据权利要求46所述的方法,其中,所述氢气接头和氧气接头分别能够由气体收集器来替代,所述气体收集器被构造为包含用于防止水溅入或进入所述管中的挡板。 47. A method according to claim 46, wherein said oxygen linker and linker are hydrogen can be replaced by a gas collector, the gas collector is configured to contain or prevent water from splashing into the tube into the the bezel.
48.根据权利要求47所述的方法,其中,各挡板被构造为从气体收集器的内表面垂直地伸出,并且其中,第一挡板配置为从气体收集器的内表面的一部分延伸,所述内表面的一部分与所述气体收集器的内表面的另一部分相对,第二挡板从所述气体收集器的内表面的另一部分延伸。 48. The method according to claim 47, wherein each flap is to project perpendicularly from the inner surface of the gas collector configuration, and wherein the first flap portion configured to extend from the inner surface of the gas collector another portion of the inner surface of a portion of the gas collector opposite the inner surface, the second flap extending from the other portion of the inner surface of the gas collector.
49.一种便携式氢气补充系统,用于对内燃机供应氢气,所述便携式氢气补充系统包括: 壳体单元; 燃料电池,安装在所述壳体单元内,将水转换成氢气和氧气; 水箱,安装在所述壳体单元内,安置为向所述燃料电池供应水; 电源,用于对所述燃料电池供电; 发动机传感器,用于检测所述内燃机的运转;和操作控制开关, 其中,所述水箱包括至少一个箱隔板,所述箱隔板将所述水箱分隔成至少两个部分,在所述水箱内被放入水时,所述至少两个部分都充注水; 其中,所述水箱在其顶部至少包括用于分别收集氢气和氧气的第一气体收集腔体和第二气体收集腔体,所述气体收集腔体由所述水箱的顶部表面、所述箱隔板和所述水箱内的水面形成; 其中,每个所述气体收集腔体在其顶部包括用于分配氢气和氧气中的一种至所述水箱外的接头; 其中,在所 49. A portable hydrogen replenishment system for supplying hydrogen to the internal combustion engine, the portable hydrogen supplemental system comprising: a housing unit; fuel cell mounted within the housing unit, to convert water into hydrogen and oxygen; tank, mounted within said housing unit, arranged to supply water to the fuel cell; a power source for the fuel battery; engine sensors, for detecting the operation of the internal combustion engine; and operation of the control switch, wherein the said separator tank comprises at least one tank, the separator tank the tank is divided into at least two parts, is placed in the water within the tank, said at least two parts are charge injection; wherein said including at least a tank at the top for collecting hydrogen and oxygen, respectively, a first gas collection chamber and a second gas collection chamber, said gas collection chamber by the top surface of the tank, the tank and the separator formed within the water tank; wherein each of said gas collecting chamber at its top for dispensing hydrogen and oxygen comprises means for fitting to the outer tank; wherein, in the 述发动机传感器检测到所述内燃机处于运转且所述操作控制开关被激活时,所述电源对所述燃料电池供电; 其中,当供电时,所述燃料电池由供应到所述燃料电池中的水生产氢气和氧气,所述氢气和氧气被引导经过所述水箱进入所述水箱顶部的所述气体收集腔体中以用于适当的气体分配,从而使得氢气被供应到内燃机中以用于所述内燃机中的燃烧; 其中,所述便携式氢气补充系统进一步包括电路,所述电路包括发动机传感器和操作控制开关; 其中,所述电路控制所述便携式氢气补充系统的运转。 Said engine sensor detects that the engine is in operation and the operation of the control switch is activated, the power supply to the fuel cell; wherein, when power is supplied, the fuel cell from the fuel cell is supplied to the water production of hydrogen and oxygen, the hydrogen and oxygen is directed through the top of the tank into the tank of the gas collecting cavity for proper gas distribution, so that the hydrogen gas is supplied to the internal combustion engine for the combustion engine; wherein said system further comprises a portable hydrogen supplemental circuitry that controls operation of the engine and a sensor switch comprising; wherein said circuit controls the operation of the portable hydrogen supplemental system.
50.根据权利要求49所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述电路由控制电路提供,所述控制电路包括发动机传感器、操作控制开关、全球定位系统(GPS)、与门电路以及开关,所述发动机传感器在发动机运转时提供正输出,所述操作控制开关在所述操作控制开关被移动到接通位置时提供来自所述发动机传感器的正输出,所述全球定位系统在汽车的速度超过预定的水平时提供正输出,所述与门电路在所述操作控制开关和所述GPS的输出都为正时提供正输出,所述开关在所述与门电路供给正输出时将电力切换给所述燃料电池,从而使得所述燃料电池在发动机运转并且汽车速度超过预定水平时运转。 50. The portable system according to supplementary hydrogen as claimed in claim 49, wherein the circuit is provided by the control circuit, the control circuit includes an engine sensor, operation control switch, a global positioning system (GPS), an AND circuit and a switch, the said sensor provides a positive output of the engine during engine operation, the operation control of the operation switch control switch is moved to the oN position sensor from the engine to provide positive output, the global positioning system in the vehicle speed exceeds a predetermined providing a positive output level, the gate circuit will provide a positive output timing of the output of the control switch and the GPS operation and the switch when the gate circuit is supplied with the power switch to the positive output of the said fuel cell, the fuel cell is operated so that the engine is running and when the vehicle speed exceeds a predetermined level.
51.根据权利要求49所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述内燃机为汽油动力发动机;并且其中,当由所述系统生产并且供应到汽油动力发动机的氢气量落入预设的范围之内时,所述便携式氢气补充系统在所述汽油动力发动机中最佳地运转。 51. Portable Hydrogen complementary system according to claim 49, wherein the internal combustion engine is a gasoline powered engine; and wherein, when produced by the system and the amount of hydrogen supplied to the gasoline powered engine falls within a predetermined range when the portable hydrogen make the system operate optimally gasoline powered engines.
52.根据权利要求51所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,当所述汽油动力发动机的负载没有超过预定水平时,所述便携式氢气补充系统在所述汽油动力发动机中最佳地运转。 52. The portable system according to supplement the hydrogen to claim 51, wherein said gasoline powered engine when the load does not exceed a predetermined level, the portable hydrogen make the system operate optimally gasoline powered engines.
53.根据权利要求51所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,在所述汽油动力发动机中,由所述系统生产并且供应到所述汽油动力发动机的最佳氢气量在0.10~0.25升/分钟的范围内。 53. The portable system according to supplementary hydrogen as claimed in claim 51, wherein, in the gasoline powered engine, produced by the system and the optimal amount of hydrogen supplied to the gasoline powered engine is in the 0.10 to 0.25 liters / minute range.
54.根据权利要求49所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述便携式氢气补充系统通过附接到车辆表面上的安装托架而被安装到由内燃机驱动的车辆上。 54. The portable system according to supplement the hydrogen to claim 49, wherein the portable system is supplemented by the hydrogen attached to the mounting bracket on the vehicle surface is mounted on the vehicle driven by the engine.
55.根据权利要求54所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述安装托架具有形成在其中的安置在所述安装托架的角部附近的椭圆形孔,所述椭圆形孔用于容纳布置在壳体单元的底凸缘上的螺钉/双头螺柱,并且其中,所述椭圆形孔通过容纳布置在所述壳体单元的底凸缘上的螺钉/双头螺柱而使得所述壳体单元能够可拆卸地附接到所述安装托架上,从而允许移除所述便携式氢气补充系统以便进行维护。 55. The portable system according to supplementary hydrogen as claimed in claim 54, wherein the mounting bracket having disposed therein is formed in an oval hole near the corner portion of the mounting bracket, the elliptical apertures for receiving arranged on the bottom flange of the housing unit screws / studs, and wherein said oblong holes disposed through receiving screws / studs on the bottom flange of the housing unit such that the said housing unit detachably attached to the mounting bracket, so as to allow removal of the portable system of supplemental hydrogen for maintenance.
56.根据权利要求49所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述水箱安置在所述燃料电池的上方。 56. Portable Hydrogen complementary system according to claim 49, wherein said cell above the fuel tank disposed.
57.根据权利要求49所述的便携式氢气补充系统,进一步包括: 控制电路,所述控制电路具有开关,当所述发动机传感器检测到所述内燃机处于运转时,所述控制电路对所述燃料电池供电。 57. The portable system according hydrogen make of claim 49, further comprising: a control circuit, the control circuit has a switch, when the engine sensor detects that the engine is in operation, the control circuit of the fuel cell powered by.
58.根据权利要求49所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述燃料电池包括: 多个层;并且其中,电力以生产氢气和氧气的方式施加到所述燃料电池的相对的层。 58. The portable system according to supplement the hydrogen claim 49, wherein said fuel cell comprising: a plurality of layers; and wherein the hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity in a manner opposite to the applied layer of the fuel cell.
59.根据权利要求56所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述水箱包括: 供水接头,所述供水接头安置于所述水箱的下侧并且与连接到所述燃料电池上的进水接头的管连接, 其中,水通过所述管供应到所述燃料电池,并且其中,所述燃料电池进一步包括氢气出口接头和氧气出口接头,所述氢气出口接头和氧气出口接头通过另外的管与水箱下侧的进气接头连接。 59. The portable hydrogen supplemental system of claim 56 claim wherein the water tank comprising: a supply connection, the supply connection is disposed on the lower side of the water tank and the water on the fuel cell is connected to a connector pipe connection, wherein the water supplied through the tube to the fuel cell, and wherein the fuel cell further comprising a hydrogen outlet connector and an outlet connector oxygen, the oxygen and hydrogen outlet fitting through the outlet connection pipe and the tank under the additional intake side linker.
60.根据权利要求59所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,在燃料电池的运转过程中,少量的水、氢气泡和氧气泡分别从燃料电池的氢气出口和氧气出口冒出并流入所述水箱的氢气侧和氧气侧, 其中,气泡经过水上升到由箱内的水面和箱隔板形成的上部空气腔体中,使得氢气和氧气在所述上部腔体内由所述隔板保持彼此分离,并且其中,随着氢气与氧气充注它们各自的上部腔体,气体通过氢气接头和氧气接头流出所述上部腔体。 60. The portable hydrogen supplemental system of claim 59, wherein, during operation of the fuel cell, a small amount of water, oxygen and hydrogen bubbles are bubbles of hydrogen emerge from the outlet and into the outlet of the fuel cell and oxygen in the tank hydrogen side and oxygen side, wherein the air bubble through the water rises to the upper surface of the cavity formed by the separator tank and the tank so that the hydrogen and oxygen in the upper chamber separated from each other held by the separator, and wherein the hydrogen and oxygen with their respective upper filling chamber, the hydrogen gas through an oxygen linker and the linker out of the upper chamber.
61.根据权利要求60所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,所述氢气接头和氧气接头分别能够由气体收集器来替代,所述气体收集器被构造为包含用于防止水溅入或进入所述管中的挡板。 61. The portable system according to supplement the hydrogen to claim 60, wherein said oxygen linker and linker are hydrogen can be replaced by a gas collector, the gas collector is configured to contain or prevent water from splashing into the entering said baffle tube.
62.根据权利要求61所述的便携式氢气补充系统,其中,各挡板被构造为从气体收集器的内表面垂直地伸出,并且其中,第一挡板配置为从气体收集器的内表面的一部分延伸,所述内表面的一部分与所述气体收集器的内表面的另一部分相对,第二挡板从所述气体收集器的内表面的另一部分延伸。 62. The portable system according to supplement the hydrogen according to claim 61, wherein each flap is configured so as to extend perpendicularly from the inner surface of the gas collector, and wherein the first baffle disposed within a gas from the surface of the collector extending portion, the other portion of the inner surface of the portion of the inner surface of the opposing gas collector, the second flap extending from the other portion of the inner surface of the gas collector.
63.—种将氢气供应到内燃机的方法,包括: 由安装在壳体单元内的燃料电池将水转换成氢气和氧气; 由安装所述在壳体单元内的水箱对所述燃料电池供应水; 由发动机传感器检测所述内燃机的运转; 在所述发动机传感器检测到所述内燃机处于运转且所述操作控制开关被激活时,由所述电源对所述燃料电池供电; 当供电时,通过所述燃料电池由供应到所述燃料电池中的水生产氢气和氧气,所述氢气和氧气被引导经过所述水箱进入所述水箱顶部的相应的气体收集腔体中以用于适当的气体分配;以及将氢气供应到内燃机中以用于所述内燃机中的燃烧, 其中,所述水箱包括至少一个箱隔板,所述箱隔板将所述水箱分隔成至少两个部分,在所述水箱内放入水时,所述至少两个部分都充注水; 其中,每个所述气体收集腔体在其顶部包括用于分配氢气和氧气 63.- method of supplying hydrogen to the internal combustion engine, comprising: a fuel cell mounted within the housing unit to convert water into hydrogen and oxygen; the water tank is mounted within a housing unit for supplying water to the fuel cell ; operation of the engine by a sensor for detecting the internal combustion engine; the engine sensor detects that the engine is in operation and the operation control switch is activated by the power supply to the fuel cell; when power is supplied by the said fuel cell is supplied to the fuel cell by the water producing hydrogen and oxygen, the hydrogen and oxygen is directed through the water tank into the top of the tank a respective gas collecting cavity for proper gas distribution; and supplying hydrogen to the internal combustion engine for combustion in the internal combustion engine, wherein said separator tank comprises at least one tank, the separator tank the tank is divided into at least two portions, the inner tank when placed in water, the at least two parts are charge injection; wherein each of said gas collecting chamber at its top for dispensing hydrogen and oxygen comprising 的一种至所述水箱外的接头; 其中,所述便携式氢气补充系统进一步包括电路,所述电路包括发动机传感器和操作控制开关; 其中,所述电路控制所述便携式氢气补充系统的运转。 An outer tank to said joint; wherein said system further comprises a portable hydrogen supplemental circuitry that controls operation of the engine and a sensor switch comprising; wherein said circuit controls the operation of the portable hydrogen supplemental system.
64.根据权利要求63所述的方法,其中,所述电路由控制电路提供,所述控制电路包括发动机传感器、操作控制开关、全球定位系统(GPS)、与门电路以及开关,所述发动机传感器在发动机运转时提供正输出,所述操作控制开关在所述操作控制开关被移动到接通位置时提供来自所述发动机传感器的正输出,所述全球定位系统在汽车的速度超过预定的水平时提供正输出,所述与门电路在所述操作控制开关和所述GPS的输出都为正时提供正输出,所述开关在所述与门电路供给正输出时将电力切换给所述燃料电池,从而使得所述燃料电池在发动机运转并且汽车速度超过预定水平时运转。 64. The method according to claim 63, wherein the circuit is provided by the control circuit, the control circuit includes an engine sensor, operation control switch, a global positioning system (GPS), an AND circuit and a switch, the engine sensors It provides a positive output when the engine is running, the operation control of the operation switch when the control switch is provided from the engine sensor outputs being moved to the oN position, the global positioning system in the vehicle speed exceeds a predetermined level providing a positive output, and the output of aND gate are provided in the operation control circuit and the switch timing GPS positive output, said switch when said gate circuit is supplied with a positive output of the power switching to the fuel cell so that the fuel cell operated in the engine operation and when the vehicle speed exceeds a predetermined level.
65.根据权利要求63所述的方法,其中,所述内燃机为汽油动力发动机;并且其中,当由所述系统生产并且供应到汽油动力发动机的氢气量落入预设的范围之内时,所述便携式氢气补充系统在所述汽油动力发动机中最佳地运转。 65. The method according to claim 63, wherein the internal combustion engine is a gasoline powered engine; and wherein, when the amount of hydrogen produced by the system and supplied to the gasoline powered engine falls within a predetermined range, the He said portable hydrogen replenishment system optimally operate in the gasoline powered engine.
66.根据权利要求65所述的方法,其中,当所述汽油动力发动机的负载没有超过预定水平时,所述便携式氢气补充系统在所述汽油动力发动机中最佳地运转。 66. The method according to claim 65, wherein said gasoline powered engine when the load does not exceed a predetermined level, the portable hydrogen make the system operate optimally gasoline powered engines.
67.根据权利要求65所述的方法,其中,在所述汽油动力发动机中,由所述系统生产并且供应到所述汽油动力发动机的最佳氢气量在0.10~0.25升/分钟的范围内。 67. The method of claim 65, wherein, in the gasoline powered engine, produced by the system and the optimal amount of hydrogen supplied to the gasoline powered engine is in the range of 0.10 to 0.25 l / min.
68.根据权利要求65所述的方法,其中,所述便携式氢气补充系统通过附接到车辆表面上的安装托架而被安装到由内燃机驱动的车辆上。 68. The method according to claim 65, wherein the portable system is supplemented by the hydrogen attached to the mounting bracket on the vehicle surface is mounted on the vehicle driven by the engine.
69.根据权利要求68所述的方法,其中,所述安装托架具有形成在其中的安置在所述安装托架的角部附近的椭圆形孔,所述椭圆形孔用于容纳布置在壳体单元的底凸缘上的螺钉/双头螺柱,并且其中,所述椭圆形孔通过容纳布置在所述壳体单元的底凸缘上的螺钉/双头螺柱而使得所述壳体单元能够可拆卸地附接到所述安装托架上,从而允许移除所述便携式氢气补充系统以便进行维护。 69. The method according to claim 68, wherein the mounting bracket having disposed therein is formed in an oval hole near the corner portion of the mounting bracket, the oblong hole disposed in the housing for receiving screw on the bottom flange of the unit / stud, and wherein said oblong holes are arranged through the screw receiving flange on the bottom of the housing unit / stud such that said housing unit can be detachably attached to the mounting bracket, so as to allow removal of the portable system of supplemental hydrogen for maintenance.
70.根据权利要求65所述的方法,其中,所述水箱安置在所述燃料电池的上方。 70. The method according to claim 65, wherein the top of the fuel cell disposed in the water tank.
71.根据权利要求65所述的方法,其中,当所述发动机传感器检测到所述内燃机处于运转时,具有开关的控制电路对所述燃料电池供电。 71. The method according to claim 65, wherein, when the operation of the internal combustion engine is detected by engine sensors, a control circuit switches the power supply to the fuel cell.
72.根据权利要求65所述的方法,其中,所述燃料电池包括: 多个层;并且其中,电力以生产氢气和氧气的方式施加到所述燃料电池的相对的层。 72. The method according to claim 65, wherein said fuel cell comprising: a plurality of layers; and wherein the hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity in a manner opposite to the applied layer of the fuel cell.
73.根据权利要求68所述的方法,其中,所述水箱包括: 供水接头,所述供水接头安置于所述水箱的下侧并且与连接到所述燃料电池上的进水接头的管连接, 其中,水通过所述管供应到所述燃料电池,并且其中,所述燃料电池进一步包括氢气出口接头和氧气出口接头,所述氢气出口接头和氧气出口接头通过另外的管与水箱下侧的进气接头连接。 73. The method according to claim 68, wherein the water tank comprising: a supply connection, the supply connection is disposed on a lower side of the tank and connected to the inlet connector tube connection on the fuel cell, wherein the water supplied through the tube to the fuel cell, and wherein the fuel cell further comprising a hydrogen outlet connector and an outlet connector oxygen, the oxygen and hydrogen outlet fitting through the side outlet fitting and the further pipe into the tank gas linker.
74.根据权利要求73所述的方法,其中,在燃料电池的运转过程中,少量的水、氢气泡和氧气泡分别从燃料电池的氢气出口和氧气出口冒出并流入所述水箱的氢气侧和氧气侧, 其中,气泡经过水上升到由箱内的水面和箱隔板形成的上部空气腔体中,使得氢气和氧气在所述上部腔体内由所述隔板保持彼此分离,并且其中,随着氢气与氧气充注它们各自的上部腔体,气体通过氢气接头和氧气接头流出所述上部腔体。 74. The method according to claim 73, wherein, during operation of the fuel cell, a small amount of water, oxygen and hydrogen bubbles are bubbles emerge from the hydrogen outlet and the outlet of the fuel cell and oxygen flows into the hydrogen side of the water tank and the oxygen side, wherein the air bubble through the water rises to the upper surface of the cavity formed by the separator tank and the tank so that the hydrogen and oxygen in the upper portion of the cavity is held by the separator separated from each other, and wherein, as the hydrogen and oxygen filling their respective upper chamber, the hydrogen gas through an oxygen linker and the linker out of the upper chamber.
75.根据权利要求74所述的方法,其中,所述氢气接头和氧气接头分别能够由气体收集器来替代,所述气体收集器被构造为包含用于防止水溅入或进入所述管中的挡板。 75. The method according to claim 74, wherein said oxygen linker and linker are hydrogen can be replaced by a gas collector, the gas collector is configured to contain or prevent water from splashing into the tube into the the bezel.
76.根据权利要求75所述的方法,其中,各挡板被构造为从气体收集器的内表面垂直地伸出,并且其中,第一挡板配置为从气体收集器的内表面的一部分延伸,所述内表面的一部分与所述气体收集器的内表面的另一部分相对,第二挡板从所述气体收集器的内表面的另一部分延伸。 76. The method according to claim 75, wherein each flap is to project perpendicularly from the inner surface of the gas collector configuration, and wherein the first flap portion configured to extend from the inner surface of the gas collector another portion of the inner surface of a portion of the gas collector opposite the inner surface, the second flap extending from the other portion of the inner surface of the gas collector.
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