CN103758260A - External-wall removal-free building formwork and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

External-wall removal-free building formwork and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103758260A
CN103758260A CN201410035081.9A CN201410035081A CN103758260A CN 103758260 A CN103758260 A CN 103758260A CN 201410035081 A CN201410035081 A CN 201410035081A CN 103758260 A CN103758260 A CN 103758260A
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China
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low
heat insulation
density
inorganic heat
insulation mortar
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CN201410035081.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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黄晓丹
黄波
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黄晓丹
黄波
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Priority to CN201410035081.9A priority Critical patent/CN103758260A/en
Publication of CN103758260A publication Critical patent/CN103758260A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses an external-wall removal-free building formwork and a manufacturing method thereof, and belongs to the technical field of external-wall construction in the building industry. The external-wall removal-free building formwork is mainly formed by sequentially pressing and maintaining an upper-surface fiberglass mesh, low-density inorganic heat-preservation mortar, low-density semi-inorganic heat-preservation mortar and a lower-surface fiberglass mesh. Because glass beads in the heat-preservation mortar on the outer layer achieve heat insulation and protection, sudden changes of air temperature or perpendicular incidence of summer sunshine cannot interfere in polystyrene foaming particles in the inner layer, and the whole formwork achieves flame retardancy, ageing resistance and heat preservation, is free of formwork removal and has other multiple properties. Meanwhile, the manufacturing method is easy to implement, the external-wall removal-free building formwork can be formed and maintained on a building construction site, finished products are convenient to transport and easy to cut, and a formed external wall is beautiful and smooth.

Description

Exterior wall exempts to tear down and build building mould and production method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to external wall construction template for building, be specially a kind of insulation that is applied to exterior wall and exempt to tear down and build building mould and production method thereof.
Background technology
In building trade, major structure of construction generally adopts concrete frame structure pouring to form at present, and during construction, pouring concrete in-situ need to be used construction formwork, and the exterior wall part that pouring forms simultaneously need to be carried out other exterior-wall heat insulation construction.Traditional method is to use steel, wooden or plastic building template, completes on-the-spot pouring concrete moulding and construction formwork is removed later, then on the concrete exterior wall outside respective chamber/chambers, insulation layer is installed, its complex process, work high above the ground risk factor is high, and the production cycle is long, and cost is high; And the organic heat-insulating template fireproof performances such as the EPS take polystyrene as primary raw material, the XPS take polystyrene resin as primary raw material that exterior wall is used, polyurethane are poor, temperature sudden change or summer are understood shrinkage strain under direct sunlight, toughness is not high, application life is short, easily causes environment pollution after dismounting.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of exterior wall and exempt to tear down and build building mould, one can prefabricated profiledly possess the multi-functional exterior walls such as fire-retardant, anti-aging, insulation, template simultaneously and exempts to tear down and build building mould specifically.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of exterior wall exempts to tear down and build building mould, mainly by upper surface fiberglass gridding cloth, low-density inorganic heat insulation mortar, low-density half inorganic heat insulation mortar and soffit fiberglass gridding cloth are suppressed and maintenance moulding in order, described low-density inorganic heat insulation mortar comprises following raw material volume constituents: glass bead 50-95 part, cement 2-15 part, building water 2-25 part, water-keeping thickening material 0.1-5 part, hydrophober 0.1-5 part, mineral admixture 0-10 part, ramee 0-5 part, described low-density half inorganic heat insulation mortar comprises following raw material volume constituents: glass bead 2-15 part, cement 2-15 part, polystyrene foaming granule 50-95 part, building water 2-25 part, water-keeping thickening material 0.1-5 part, hydrophober 0.1-5 part, mineral admixture 0-10 part, ramee 0-5 part.
The present invention can arrange 1-4 layer fiberglass gridding cloth in low-density half inorganic heat insulation mortar layer, to gain in strength.
Production method of the present invention comprises the following steps:
1. in moulding place below being placed under moulding form, fiberglass gridding cloth thereon paves;
2. the certain thickness low-density being fully mixed into by said components half inorganic heat insulation mortar paves on fiberglass gridding cloth;
3. the certain thickness low-density inorganic heat insulation mortar being fully mixed into by said components paves on low-density half inorganic heat insulation mortar;
4. then at low-density inorganic heat insulation mortar upper berth fiberglass gridding cloth, cover moulding form upper strata;
5. start roller compressing, transfer in maintenance place and carry out maintenance according to the requirement of cement products;
6. after maintenance finishes, the demoulding is taken out, and is processed into needed finished product with toothless saw scale trimming.
In above-mentioned steps, for gaining in strength, also low-density half inorganic heat insulation mortar can be divided and paves for 4 times, each middle fiberglass gridding cloth that overlays.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
The present invention is mainly used in the insulation of exterior wall, uses during template low-density inorganic heat insulation mortar layer towards outside, and half inorganic heat insulation mortar layer is towards the inside.Because skin has the glass bead thermal insulation protection in inorganic heat preservation screed, thus the polystyrene foaming granule in nexine can not be subject to temperature sudden change or summer direct sunlight interference, the multiple performances such as that formwork integral possesses is fire-retardant, anti-aging, insulation, template; Glass bead in outer field inorganic heat insulation mortar layer has excellent thermal and insulating performance and fire prevention ageing-resistant performance, makes template at high temperature not yielding, is also not easy hollowing cracking; Polystyrene foaming granule in half inorganic heat insulation mortar layer of nexine has good thermal insulation and shock absorption effect, high insulating effect.
The present invention, after concrete column pouring maintenance completes, removes common building template, retains this template and gives over to exterior-wall heat insulation use, need not remove this template, and exterior wall need not be incubated again, and convenient and quick construction reduces engineering time and cost.Fiberglass gridding cloth in the present invention can prevent that insulation layer from being broken by concrete, increases the adhesion stress of concrete and insulation layer simultaneously; In component, added ramee, it has good toughness and intensity, makes template weight slim and graceful, is not easy to be corroded and to damage by worms, and template glossiness is high, has promoted the overall performance of template.
Production technology of the present invention is simple, material source is easy, stable performance, convenient transportation, has easy construction, fire resistant flame retardant, cutting easily, the features such as attractive in appearance, the environmental protection of wall face, safety, the cost that form are low, the present invention can replace construction formwork and external-wall heat-insulation material simultaneously, is applicable to cast-in-place concrete structure construction formwork and external insulation use in public building, civilian construction process of construction.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is to be structural representation of the present invention, and Fig. 2 is production method schematic diagram of the present invention, and Fig. 3 is that the present invention uses schematic diagram.
In figure, the 1st, fiberglass gridding cloth, the 2nd, polystyrene foaming granule, the 3rd, glass bead; the 4th, low-density half inorganic heat insulation mortar, the 5th, low-density inorganic heat insulation mortar, the 6th, moulding form; the 7th, common building template, the 8th, exterior wall of the present invention exempts to tear down and build building mould, and the 9th, intend placing of concrete column.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1: get 50 parts of glass beads, 2 parts of cement, 2 parts of waters of building, 0.1 part of water-keeping thickening material, 0.1 part of hydrophober, stirring in proportion at normal temperatures, it is standby to be mixed into low-density inorganic heat insulation mortar; Get 0.1 part of 2 parts of glass beads, 2 parts of cement, 50 parts of polystyrene foaming granules, 2 parts of waters of building, 0.1 part of water-keeping thickening material, hydrophober and stir that to be mixed into low-density half inorganic heat insulation mortar standby.
Embodiment 2: get 75 parts of glass beads, 5 parts of cement, 10 parts of waters of building, 3 parts of water-keeping thickening materials, 3 parts of hydrophober, 5 parts of mineral admixtures, 3 parts of ramees, stirring in proportion at normal temperatures, it is standby to be mixed into low-density inorganic heat insulation mortar; Get 3 parts of 8 parts of glass beads, 8 parts of cement, 75 parts of polystyrene foaming granules, 15 parts of waters of building, 3 parts of water-keeping thickening materials, 3 parts of hydrophober, 5 parts of mineral admixtures, ramees and stir that to be mixed into low-density half inorganic heat insulation mortar standby.
Embodiment 3: get 95 parts of glass beads, 15 parts of cement, 25 parts of waters of building, 5 parts of water-keeping thickening materials, 5 parts of hydrophober, 10 parts of mineral admixtures, 5 parts of ramees, stirring in proportion at normal temperatures, it is standby to be mixed into low-density inorganic heat insulation mortar; Get 5 parts of 15 parts of glass beads, 15 parts of cement, 95 parts of polystyrene foaming granules, 25 parts of waters of building, 5 parts of water-keeping thickening materials, 5 parts of hydrophober, 10 parts of mineral admixtures, ramees and stir that to be mixed into low-density half inorganic heat insulation mortar standby.
Its production method is: first in moulding place, for example, near building operations ground, as shown in Figure 2, moulding form is placed on to below for 6 times, fiberglass gridding cloth 1 thereon paves; Then certain thickness low-density half inorganic heat insulation mortar 4 being fully mixed into by component described in above-mentioned arbitrary embodiment paves on fiberglass gridding cloth; Then the certain thickness low-density inorganic heat insulation mortar 5 being fully mixed into by component described in above-mentioned arbitrary embodiment paves on low-density half inorganic heat insulation mortar; Then at low-density inorganic heat insulation mortar upper berth fiberglass gridding cloth 1, cover moulding form upper strata; Start roller compressing, transfer in maintenance place, the place of sheltering from heat or light, for example building site, carries out maintenance according to the requirement of cement products; After maintenance finishes, the demoulding is taken out, and is processed into needed finished product with toothless saw scale trimming.For gaining in strength, also low-density half inorganic heat insulation mortar 4 gradation can be paved, each middle fiberglass gridding cloth 1 that paves that increases.
When the present invention uses, as shown in Figure 3, template of the present invention good maintenance is transported to job site, use toothless saw scale to determine angle template 8 of the present invention is cut into the size and dimension of any needs, use common building template 7 that the reinforcing cage of intending placing of concrete column 9 is surrounded, wherein the inorganic heat insulation mortar layer of template 8 of the present invention is towards outdoor direction, and processes according to construction formwork instructions for use in norm of construction, builds commercial concrete.After concrete curing completes, remove common building template 7, retain the present invention 8 and make exterior-wall heat insulation, the permanent and body of wall of the present invention is fixed together, fire-retardant, anti-aging, insulation effect are strong, need not do exterior-wall heat insulation again, save manpower and construction material, production method of the present invention is simple simultaneously, can be in building operations ground moulding, maintenance, finished product convenient transportation, easily cutting, the wall face of formation is attractive in appearance, smooth.

Claims (4)

1. an exterior wall exempts to tear down and build building mould, mainly by upper surface fiberglass gridding cloth, low-density inorganic heat insulation mortar, low-density half inorganic heat insulation mortar and soffit fiberglass gridding cloth are suppressed and maintenance moulding in order, it is characterized in that described low-density inorganic heat insulation mortar comprises following raw material volume constituents: glass bead 50-95 part, cement 2-15 part, building water 2-25 part, water-keeping thickening material 0.1-5 part, hydrophober 0.1-5 part, mineral admixture 0-10 part, ramee 0-5 part, described low-density half inorganic heat insulation mortar comprises following raw material volume constituents: glass bead 2-15 part, cement 2-15 part, polystyrene foaming granule 50-95 part, building water 2-25 part, water-keeping thickening material 0.1-5 part, hydrophober 0.1-5 part, mineral admixture 0-10 part, ramee 0-5 part.
2. exterior wall as claimed in claim 1 exempts to tear down and build building mould, it is characterized in that, in described low-density half inorganic heat insulation mortar, 1-4 layer fiberglass gridding cloth is set.
3. exterior wall exempts to tear down and build a production method for building mould, it is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
1. in moulding place below being placed under moulding form, fiberglass gridding cloth thereon paves;
2. low-density half inorganic heat insulation mortar that the certain thickness component as claimed in claim 1 that paves on fiberglass gridding cloth is fully mixed into;
3. the low-density inorganic heat insulation mortar that the certain thickness component as claimed in claim 1 that paves on low-density half inorganic heat insulation mortar is fully mixed into;
4. then at low-density inorganic heat insulation mortar upper berth fiberglass gridding cloth, cover moulding form upper strata;
5. start roller compressing, transfer in maintenance place and carry out maintenance according to the requirement of cement products;
6. after maintenance finishes, the demoulding is taken out, and is processed into needed finished product with toothless saw scale trimming.
4. exterior wall as claimed in claim 3 exempts to tear down and build the production method of building mould, it is characterized in that described low-density half inorganic heat insulation mortar divides to pave for 4 times, overlays fiberglass gridding cloth in the middle of each.
CN201410035081.9A 2014-01-19 2014-01-19 External-wall removal-free building formwork and manufacturing method thereof Pending CN103758260A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103967147A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-08-06 南京敬邺达新型建筑材料有限公司 Heat preservation demolition-free template and manufacturing method thereof
CN104120883A (en) * 2014-08-06 2014-10-29 辽宁舜德国泰科工贸有限公司 Construction method for non-removal fire-prevention heat-preservation building component formwork
CN104261766A (en) * 2014-09-29 2015-01-07 句容金猴机械研究所有限公司 High-toughness mould pressing tile and preparation method thereof
CN104291756A (en) * 2014-09-29 2015-01-21 句容金猴机械研究所有限公司 High-strength thermal insulation mould pressing tile and manufacturing method thereof
CN104909650A (en) * 2015-05-25 2015-09-16 贵州鑫源道建材科技有限公司 Disassembly-free portland cement thermal insulation nanometer template
CN106013480A (en) * 2016-05-05 2016-10-12 安徽伟泰新型建材科技有限公司 A production method for non-dismantling thermal insulation formworks

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009209627A (en) * 2008-03-05 2009-09-17 Nippon Steel Corp Fireproof bearing wall using thin and lightweight section steel
CN101863642A (en) * 2010-05-18 2010-10-20 江苏华伟佳建材科技有限公司 Composite disassembly-free heat-insulation permanent template and production method thereof
CN202117204U (en) * 2011-05-19 2012-01-18 常熟科盈复合材料有限公司 Construction template and warming board integrated structure
CN202990235U (en) * 2012-08-10 2013-06-12 上海理想家园工程营造有限公司 Multi-type inorganic composite housing surrounding packaged A-class fireproof mold wallboard
CN103255860A (en) * 2013-01-27 2013-08-21 盐城工学院 On-site concrete shear wall structure with permanent heat insulation formwork and construction process of on-site concrete shear wall structure

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009209627A (en) * 2008-03-05 2009-09-17 Nippon Steel Corp Fireproof bearing wall using thin and lightweight section steel
CN101863642A (en) * 2010-05-18 2010-10-20 江苏华伟佳建材科技有限公司 Composite disassembly-free heat-insulation permanent template and production method thereof
CN202117204U (en) * 2011-05-19 2012-01-18 常熟科盈复合材料有限公司 Construction template and warming board integrated structure
CN202990235U (en) * 2012-08-10 2013-06-12 上海理想家园工程营造有限公司 Multi-type inorganic composite housing surrounding packaged A-class fireproof mold wallboard
CN103255860A (en) * 2013-01-27 2013-08-21 盐城工学院 On-site concrete shear wall structure with permanent heat insulation formwork and construction process of on-site concrete shear wall structure

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103967147A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-08-06 南京敬邺达新型建筑材料有限公司 Heat preservation demolition-free template and manufacturing method thereof
CN103967147B (en) * 2014-05-23 2016-05-18 南京敬邺达新型建筑材料有限公司 Heat preservation dismounting-free formwork and preparation method thereof
WO2015176593A1 (en) * 2014-05-23 2015-11-26 南京敬业达新型建筑材料有限公司 Heat preservation demolition-free template and manufacturing method therefor
CN104120883B (en) * 2014-08-06 2016-01-06 辽宁舜德国泰科工贸有限公司 Exempt from the construction method of tearing fireproof heat insulating building unit template open
CN104120883A (en) * 2014-08-06 2014-10-29 辽宁舜德国泰科工贸有限公司 Construction method for non-removal fire-prevention heat-preservation building component formwork
CN104261766A (en) * 2014-09-29 2015-01-07 句容金猴机械研究所有限公司 High-toughness mould pressing tile and preparation method thereof
CN104291756A (en) * 2014-09-29 2015-01-21 句容金猴机械研究所有限公司 High-strength thermal insulation mould pressing tile and manufacturing method thereof
CN104909650A (en) * 2015-05-25 2015-09-16 贵州鑫源道建材科技有限公司 Disassembly-free portland cement thermal insulation nanometer template
CN106013480A (en) * 2016-05-05 2016-10-12 安徽伟泰新型建材科技有限公司 A production method for non-dismantling thermal insulation formworks

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Application publication date: 20140430