CN103754132A - Emergency shutdown system and method for electric car - Google Patents

Emergency shutdown system and method for electric car Download PDF

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CN103754132A
CN103754132A CN 201410038594 CN201410038594A CN103754132A CN 103754132 A CN103754132 A CN 103754132A CN 201410038594 CN201410038594 CN 201410038594 CN 201410038594 A CN201410038594 A CN 201410038594A CN 103754132 A CN103754132 A CN 103754132A
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module
information
value
power
remaining
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CN 201410038594
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Chinese (zh)
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黄旭阳
李锦帆
余庆元
朱锐
李兵
潘翀
杜军
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国家电网公司
国网四川省电力公司成都供电公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries

Abstract

The invention discloses an emergency shutdown system and method for an electric car. The emergency shutdown system comprises a battery electricity detection module, an electric quantity information judgment module, a remaining mileage calculation module, a geographic position memory module, a GPS module, a labeling module, a destination GPS information memory module and a display screen. According to the emergency shutdown system and method for the electric car, the remaining electric quantity condition, the geographic position and the park road segment indication information can be fed back to drivers accurately and timely, the phenomenon that due to the fact that the electricity of the electric car is not enough, the electric car stops on the narrow road or the road section where parking is prohibited can be avoided, the traffic jam can be avoided, and the potential safety hazard is eliminated.

Description

一种电动汽车紧急停车系统及方法 An electric car emergency shutdown system and method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种紧急停车系统,及紧急停车的方法,具体是一种电动汽车紧急停车系统及方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to an emergency shutdown system, and an emergency stop method, in particular an electric vehicle emergency shutdown system and method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 由于电厂大多建于远离人口密集的城市,对人类伤害较少,而且电厂是固定不动的,集中的排放,清除各种有害排放物较容易,也已有了相关技术。 [0002] Since most of the power plants built in the city away from the densely populated, less harm to humans, but plants are stationary, centralized emissions, removal of various harmful emissions easier, has also been related technologies. 由于电力可以从多种一次能源获得,如煤、核能、水力等,解除人们对石油资源日见枯竭的担心。 Since the power available from a variety of primary energy, such as coal, nuclear, hydro, etc., to lift people worried about oil resources become increasingly depleted. 电动汽车还可以充分利用晚间用电低谷时富余的电力充电,使发电设备日夜都能充分利用,大大提高其经济效益。 Electric cars can also take advantage of the surplus of electricity charged at night when electricity low, so that day and night can take advantage of power generation equipment, greatly improving its economic efficiency. 有些研究表明,同样的原油经过粗炼,送至电厂发电,经充入电池,再由电池驱动汽车,其能量利用效率比经过精炼变为汽油,再经汽油机驱动汽车高,因此有利于节约能源和减少二氧化碳的排量,正是这些优点,使电动汽车的研究和应用成为汽车工业的一个“热点”。 In some studies, the same oil after smelting, to the power plants, the battery was charged, and then driven by a battery car, after which the energy utilization efficiency than gasoline becomes refined, and then the gasoline driven cars high, thus facilitating energy saving and reduce carbon dioxide emissions, it is these advantages, the research and application of electric vehicles to become the auto industry a "hot spot."

[0003] 但是,电动汽车续航能力弱,电池电力消耗快,而且电力补充不便。 [0003] However, the electric car battery life is weak, the battery power consumption of fast, but power supplement inconvenience. 电动汽车在行驶途中电力耗尽,且如果此时电动汽车所处较窄的道路上,将导致交通堵塞,而且存在安全隐患。 Electric car driving on the way power is exhausted, and if at this time on the narrow road electric vehicles, which will result in a traffic jam, but there are security risks.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明所要解决的问题是提供一种电动汽车紧急停车系统及方法,使电动汽车能够尽可能的停在宽敞的道路上,解决了电动汽车电力续航能力差,在电力耗尽时易引起交通堵塞、引发安全隐患的问题。 [0004] The present invention is to solve the problem is to provide an electric vehicle emergency shutdown system and method, the electric car can be parked on the spacious road as much as possible to solve the electric car endurance power poor, vulnerable when the power is exhausted causing traffic congestion, safety problems caused by the problem.

[0005] 本发明提供的技术方案是:一种电动汽车紧急停车系统,所述系统包括: [0005] aspect of the present invention is to provide: an electric vehicle emergency shutdown, the system comprising:

电池电力检测模块,用于检测车载蓄电池的剩余电量值,并将检测到的剩余电量值传输给电量信息判断模块; Battery power detecting means for detecting the remaining capacity value of the vehicle battery, and the remaining capacity value to the transmission power information detected by determination module;

电量信息判断模块,用于接收剩余电量值,并将剩余电量值与电量信息判断模块的设定电量值进行判断,若所述剩余电量值小于所述设定电量值,则所述电量信息判断模块生成报警信息输送给报警模块,报警模块产生报警信号; Power information determination module configured to receive the remaining capacity value, and the remaining capacity value and the set value of charge amount information judging module judges, if the remaining charge capacity value less than the set value, the power information is determined The information delivery module generates an alarm to the alarm module, alarm module generating a warning signal;

剩余里程计算模块,用于接收电量信息判断模块输送来的剩余电量值,通过所述剩余电量值和每公里耗电量值计算剩余电量可行驶的最大里程数,并将最大里程数传输给地理位置存储模块; Remaining distance calculating module for receiving charge information module transported determining remaining capacity value, the maximum mileage remaining amount calculated by the travelable residual amount value and the value of power consumption per kilometer, and transmitted to the geographic maximum mileage position storage module;

地理位置存储模块,用于接收所述最大里程数,根据最大里程数发出信号给GPS模块,并接收和存储GPS模块发来的所述最大里程数范围内的地理信息。 Location storage means for receiving said maximum mileage, sends a signal to the GPS module according to the maximum mileage, the geographical information and the GPS module to receive and store the sent maximum mileage range.

[0006] GPS模块,用于收发GPS信号,将所述最大里程数范围内的地理信息传输给所述地理位置存储模块; [0006] GPS module, for transmitting and receiving GPS signals, the geographic information transmission within the maximum range of mileage to the geographic location of the memory module;

标注模块,用于标注所述地理信息上的可停车路段、区域或充电站,并将标注信息显示在显示屏上; 目的地GPS信息存储模块,用于存储目的地的地理信息; Labeling means for labeling the parking sections of the geographic information, or the charging station area, and the label information on a display screen; GPS information destination storage means for storing geographical information of a destination;

显示屏,用于显示剩余电量值、最大里程数及地理信息情况。 Display for remaining capacity, maximum mileage and geographic information situation.

[0007] 所述报警模块为声光报警模块,所述报警信号为声音报警信号和光报警信号。 [0007] The alarm module module is a sound and light alarm, the alarm signal is a sound alarm signal and an optical alarm signal.

[0008] 所述系统还包括检测时间控制模块,检测时间控制模块用于控制电池电力检测模块定期对所述剩余电量值进行检测。 [0008] The system further comprises a control module detection time, detection time control module for controlling the battery power detection module periodically detect the remaining power value.

[0009] 一种电动汽车紧急停车的方法,所述方法包括: [0009] The method of an electric vehicle of an emergency stop, the method comprising:

对车载蓄电池进行间断性电量检测,得到剩余电量值; Vehicle battery capacity detecting intermittent, obtain residual capacity value;

判断剩余电量值是否小于所述设定电量值,若剩余电量值是否小于所述设定电量值,则生成所述报警信息; Analyzing the remaining power amount value is less than the set value, if the value is less than the remaining power amount setting value, the alarm information is generated;

基于报警信息,生产报警信号; Based on the alarm information, the alarm signal is produced;

根据得到的剩余电量值和每公里耗电量值计算所述最大里程数; The obtained values ​​of the remaining power consumption per kilometer and the maximum value calculating mileage;

根据所述最大里程数得到所述最大里程数范围内的地理信息,并在地理信息内标注可停车路段、区域或充电站; Obtained according to the maximum mileage information in the geographic range of the maximum mileage, and marked parking sections within the geographic region information or charging station;

在标注后的地理信息上选择目的地,并在显示屏上显示。 Select a destination in geographic information labels, and displayed on the screen.

[0010] 所述报警信号包括光报警信号和声音报警信号。 [0010] The warning signal comprises a sound and light alarm signal and the alarm signal.

[0011] 所述最大里程数=剩余电量值/所述电动汽车的每公里耗电量值。 The [0011] mileage = Maximum value of the remaining power / electric power consumption per kilometer of the electric vehicle.

[0012] 本发明的优点在于:本发明设计的这种电动汽车紧急停车系统及方法,不仅能准确、及时的将电量剩余情况、地理位置及停车路段指示信息反馈给驾驶员,可以避免因电动汽车电力不足而使的电动汽车停在道路较窄或者禁止停车的路段,避免交通堵塞,消除安全隐患。 [0012] The advantage of the present invention is that: the electric vehicle that the emergency shutdown system and method of the present invention design not only accurate and timely delivery of power remaining, the link location and parking indication information feedback to the driver can avoid the electric car insufficient power the electric car parked in the narrow roads or parking prohibited road to avoid traffic congestion, eliminate hidden dangers.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0013] 图1为本发明的结构示意图。 [0013] FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0014] 实施例1 [0014] Example 1

参见图1,一种电动汽车紧急停车系统,所述系统包括: Referring to Figure 1, the emergency shutdown system for an electric vehicle, said system comprising:

电池电力检测模块,用于检测车载蓄电池的剩余电量值,并将检测到的剩余电量值传输给电量信息判断模块; Battery power detecting means for detecting the remaining capacity value of the vehicle battery, and the remaining capacity value to the transmission power information detected by determination module;

电量信息判断模块,用于接收剩余电量值,并将剩余电量值与电量信息判断模块的设定电量值进行判断,若所述剩余电量值小于所述设定电量值,则所述电量信息判断模块生成报警信息输送给报警模块,报警模块产生报警信号; Power information determination module configured to receive the remaining capacity value, and the remaining capacity value and the set value of charge amount information judging module judges, if the remaining charge capacity value less than the set value, the power information is determined The information delivery module generates an alarm to the alarm module, alarm module generating a warning signal;

剩余里程计算模块,用于接收电量信息判断模块输送来的剩余电量值,通过所述剩余电量值和每公里耗电量值计算剩余电量可行驶的最大里程数,并将最大里程数传输给地理位置存储模块; Remaining distance calculating module for receiving charge information module transported determining remaining capacity value, the maximum mileage remaining amount calculated by the travelable residual amount value and the value of power consumption per kilometer, and transmitted to the geographic maximum mileage position storage module;

地理位置存储模块,用于接收所述最大里程数,根据最大里程数发出信号给GPS模块,并接收和存储GPS模块发来的所述最大里程数范围内的地理信息。 Location storage means for receiving said maximum mileage, sends a signal to the GPS module according to the maximum mileage, the geographical information and the GPS module to receive and store the sent maximum mileage range.

[0015] GPS模块,用于收发GPS信号,将所述最大里程数范围内的地理信息传输给所述地理位置存储模块; 标注模块,用于标注所述地理信息上的可停车路段、区域或充电站,并将标注信息显示在显示屏上; [0015] GPS module, for transmitting and receiving GPS signals, the geographic information transmission within the maximum range of mileage to the geographic location of the storage module; labeling means for labeling the parking sections of the geographic information, or region charging station, and the label information on a display screen;

目的地GPS信息存储模块,用于存储目的地的地理信息; GPS destination information storage module for storing geographic information destination;

显示屏,用于显示剩余电量值、最大里程数及地理信息情况。 Display for remaining capacity, maximum mileage and geographic information situation.

[0016] 本实施例电池电力检测模块检测车载蓄电池的剩余电量,并将车载蓄电池的剩余电量信息发送至电量信息判断模块,电量信息判断模块将剩余电量信息发送至剩余里程计算模块,剩余里程计算模块根据计算得出电力可支持的最大里程数,并将最大里程数发送给地理位置存储模块,地理位置存储模块通过GPS模块接收GPS卫星信号,将最大里程数范围内的地理位置地图通过显示屏显示出来,标注模块在地理位置地图上标记出可停车路段、区域或充电站,指引驾驶者在电力不足时停靠在安全区域,驾驶者可根据个人需求选定最近的可停车路段、区域或充电站,从而避免交通堵塞,消除安全隐患。 [0016] The present embodiment detects the remaining battery power amount detection module in the embodiment of vehicle battery, and transmits the vehicle battery remaining amount information to the power information determination module, power module transmits information determining the remaining capacity information to the remaining distance calculating module calculates the remaining range module determine the maximum power may be supported mileage calculated, and transmits the location to the maximum mileage storage module, a storage module location through the GPS satellite signal received GPS module, the location map within the maximum mileage range through the display displayed, marked module mark on a geographical map road parking, regional or charging stations to guide motorists parked in a secure area at the time of power shortage, the driver can select the nearest available parking sections, according to personal needs or charging area station to avoid traffic congestion, eliminate hidden dangers.

[0017] 本实施例中为了方便驾驶者多次查阅地理信息,在地理位置存储模块上还连接有目的地GPS信息存储模块,用于将目的地地理信息存储以便多次调用。 [0017] For convenience the present embodiment, the driver repeatedly Now GIS, also connected to the destination GPS location information storage module on the storage module, for storing the destination geographic information for multiple calls.

[0018] 实施例2 [0018] Example 2

本实施例在实施例1的基础上做了如下优化:所述报警模块为声光报警模块,所述报 The present embodiment makes the following optimization on the basis of Example 1: the alarm module is a sound and light alarm module, said message

警信号为声音报警信号和光报警信号。 Audible alarm signal is a warning signal and an optical alarm signal.

[0019] 相比于实施例1,本实施例为了使得驾驶者注意用电情况,避免驾驶者没有看到显示屏的剩余电量情况,所以在电量信息判断模块外还连接有声光报警模块,当剩余电量低于电量信息判断模块的预定值时,电量信息判断模块将信息发送到声光报警模块,报警模块产生声光报警信号,提醒驾驶者车载蓄电池的电量即将耗尽。 [0019] Compared to Example 1, the present embodiment allows the driver to pay attention to power consumption, avoid the driver does not see the remaining amount display case, so that the outer charge information determination module is further connected to a sound and light alarm module, when the remaining battery power information is below the predetermined value determination module determines module information power transmitting information to sound and light alarm module, alarm module generates audible alarm signal to alert the driver of the vehicle battery power is low.

[0020] 实施例3 [0020] Example 3

本实施例在实施例1或实施例2的基础上增加了以下结构:所述系统还包括检测时间控制模块,检测时间控制模块用于控制电池电力检测模块定期对所述剩余电量值进行检测。 The present embodiment adds the following embodiment based on the structure of Example 1 or Example 2 of the embodiment: said system further comprises a control module detection time, detection time control module for controlling the battery power detection module periodically detect the remaining power value.

[0021] 本实施例中为了控制电池电力检测模块的检测时间,减少检测次数从而减少用电和模块的损耗,所以电池电力检测模块还连接有检测时间控制模块,检测时间控制模块控制电池电力检测模块进行间隔检测,使电池电力检测模块每隔一个时间段进行电力情况检测。 [0021] In the present embodiment the detection time in order to control the battery power detection module, thereby reducing the number of detection and reduce the loss of power module, the battery module is also connected to the power detection control module detection time, detection time control module controls the battery power detector interval detection module, the detection module of the battery power for a period of time is detected every power.

[0022] 实施例4 [0022] Example 4

一种电动汽车紧急停车的方法,所述方法包括: An electric car emergency stop method, the method comprising:

对车载蓄电池进行间断性电量检测,得到剩余电量值; Vehicle battery capacity detecting intermittent, obtain residual capacity value;

判断剩余电量值是否小于所述设定电量值,若剩余电量值是否小于所述设定电量值,则生成所述报警信息; Analyzing the remaining power amount value is less than the set value, if the value is less than the remaining power amount setting value, the alarm information is generated;

基于报警信息,生产报警信号; Based on the alarm information, the alarm signal is produced;

根据得到的剩余电量值和每公里耗电量值计算所述最大里程数; The obtained values ​​of the remaining power consumption per kilometer and the maximum value calculating mileage;

根据所述最大里程数得到所述最大里程数范围内的地理信息,并在地理信息内标注可停车路段、区域或充电站; Obtained according to the maximum mileage information in the geographic range of the maximum mileage, and marked parking sections within the geographic region information or charging station;

在标注后的地理信息上选择目的地,并在显示屏上显示。 Select a destination in geographic information labels, and displayed on the screen.

[0023] 所述方法的报警信号包括光报警信号和声音报警信号。 Alarm signal [0023] of the method include alarm signals and audible alarm signals. [0024] 所述最大里程数=剩余电量值/所述电动汽车的每公里耗电量值。 The [0024] mileage = Maximum value of the remaining power / electric power consumption per kilometer of the electric vehicle.

[0025] 本方法通过以上模块的相互配合,不仅能及时的提醒驾驶者汽车的用电情况,同时还可根据剩余用电情况进行紧急停车处理,方便驾驶者能在电力支持下将汽车停放在合理区域,避免在行驶途中因电力不足而无法行驶,造成交通堵塞,同时还可避免因电力不足时突然停车造成的安全隐患,不仅极大的保护了驾驶者的安全,同时还方便汽车的停放和行驶。 [0025] The method continues by cooperating more modules can not only timely reminder of electricity when the driver of the car, but can also perform emergency stop processing in accordance with the remaining power, the driver can easily support the power at the car park reasonable area to avoid electricity shortages can not travel in a moving way, causing traffic jams, while avoiding security risks due to power shortage caused by the sudden stop, not only greatly protect the safety of the driver, but also convenient car park and travel.

[0026] 以上所述即为本发明的实施例。 [0026] The above embodiment is the embodiment of the present invention. 本发明的专利保护范围以权利要求书为准,凡是运用本发明的说明书及附图内容所作的等同结构变化,同理均应包含在本发明的保护范围内。 The patentable scope of the present invention is subject to the claims, any use of the present invention, the specification and drawings identical structural changes made by the same token should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

  1. 1.一种电动汽车紧急停车系统,其特征在于,所述系统包括: 电池电力检测模块,用于检测车载蓄电池的剩余电量值,并将检测到的剩余电量值传输给电量信息判断模块; 电量信息判断模块,用于接收剩余电量值,并将剩余电量值与电量信息判断模块的设定电量值进行判断,若所述剩余电量值小于所述设定电量值,则所述电量信息判断模块生成报警信息输送给报警模块,报警模块产生报警信号; 剩余里程计算模块,用于接收电量信息判断模块输送来的剩余电量值,通过所述剩余电量值和每公里耗电量值计算剩余电量可行驶的最大里程数,并将最大里程数传输给地理位置存储模块; 地理位置存储模块,用于接收所述最大里程数,根据最大里程数发出信号给GPS模块,并接收和存储GPS模块发来的所述最大里程数范围内的地理信息。 An emergency shutdown system of an electric vehicle, characterized in that, the system comprising: a battery power detecting means for detecting the remaining capacity value of the vehicle battery, and the detected remaining capacity value of the transmission power information to the judging module; charge information determination module configured to receive the remaining capacity value, and the remaining capacity value and the set value of charge amount information judging module judges, if the remaining charge capacity value less than the set value, the power information determining module generates an alarm to the alarm information delivery module, alarm module generates an alarm signal; remaining distance calculating module for receiving battery remaining amount information determination module value conveyed, the remaining power can be calculated by the remaining capacity value and the value of power consumption per kilometer the maximum number of miles traveled, and the maximum mileage transmitted to the storage module location; storing location module configured to receive the maximum mileage, sends a signal to the GPS module according to the maximum mileage, and receiving and storing GPS module sent geographic information within the range of the maximum mileage.
  2. 2.GPS模块,用于收发GPS信号,将所述最大里程数范围内的地理信息传输给所述地理位置存储模块; 标注模块,用于标注所述地理信息上的可停车路段、区域或充电站,并将标注信息显示在显示屏上; 目的地GPS信息存储模块,用于存储目的地的地理信息; 显示屏,用于显示剩余电量值、最大里程数及地理信息情况。 2.GPS module for transmitting and receiving GPS signals, the geographic information transmission within the maximum range of mileage to the geographic location of the storage module; labeling means for labeling the parking sections of the geographic information, or charging area station, and the label information on a display screen; GPS information destination storage means for storing geographical information of a destination; a display screen for displaying the remaining capacity value, the maximum mileage information and geographic conditions.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的一种电动汽车紧急停车系统,其特征在于,所述报警模块为声光报警模块,所述报警信号为声音报警信号和光报警信号。 3. The emergency shutdown system for an electric vehicle according to claim 1, wherein the alarm module module is a sound and light alarm, the alarm signal is a sound alarm signal and an optical alarm signal.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的一种电动汽车紧急停车系统,其特征在于,所述系统还包括检测时间控制模块,检测时间控制模块用于控制电池电力检测模块定期对所述剩余电量值进行检测。 The emergency shutdown system of an electric vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the system further comprises a control module detection time, detection time control module for controlling the battery power module periodically detecting the residual amount value detection.
  5. 5.一种电动汽车紧急停车的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括: 对车载蓄电池进行间断性电量检测,得到剩余电量值; 判断剩余电量值是否小于所述设定电量值,若剩余电量值是否小于所述设定电量值,则生成所述报警信息; 基于报警信息,生产报警信号; 根据得到的剩余电量值和每公里耗电量值计算所述最大里程数; 根据所述最大里程数得到所述最大里程数范围内的地理信息,并在地理信息内标注可停车路段、区域或充电站; 在标注后的地理信息上选择目的地,并在显示屏上显示。 An electric car emergency stop, characterized in that, said method comprising: intermittently vehicle battery power detection, obtain residual capacity value; determining whether the value of the remaining power is less than the amount set value, if the residual quantity power value is less than the set value, generating the alarm information; based on alarm information, the alarm signal is produced; calculating the maximum mileage from the remaining capacity value and the obtained value of power consumption per kilometer; according to the maximum mileage number of geographic information obtained within the range of the maximum mileage, and marked parking sections in the region of the charging station or geographic information; selecting a destination geographical information on the label, and displayed on the display screen.
  6. 6.根据权利要求4所述的一种电动汽车紧急停车的方法,其特征在于,所述报警信号包括光报警信号和声音报警信号。 4 an electric vehicle according to the method of claim emergency stop, characterized in that the alarm signal comprises a sound and light alarm signal and the alarm signal.
  7. 7.根据权利要求4所述的一种电动汽车紧急停车的方法,其特征在于,所述最大里程数=剩余电量值/所述电动汽车的每公里耗电量值。 4 an electric vehicle according to the method of claim emergency stop, characterized in that, the maximum mileage = remaining power value / the electric power consumption per kilometer of electric vehicles.
CN 201410038594 2014-01-27 2014-01-27 Emergency shutdown system and method for electric car CN103754132A (en)

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