CN103753840A - Automatically adjusted press roll type banana stalk presser - Google Patents

Automatically adjusted press roll type banana stalk presser Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103753840A
CN103753840A CN201410022231.2A CN201410022231A CN103753840A CN 103753840 A CN103753840 A CN 103753840A CN 201410022231 A CN201410022231 A CN 201410022231A CN 103753840 A CN103753840 A CN 103753840A
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China
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level
pressure roller
roller
chain
baffle plate
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CN201410022231.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103753840B (en
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张玉苍
徐树英
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海南大学
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Abstract

The invention provides an automatically adjusted press roll type banana stalk presser, and relates to the field of agricultural mechanical equipment, in particular to a banana stalk pressing device. The automatically adjusted press roll type banana stalk presser comprises a feeding and conveying device, a feeding and conveying device baffle plate, a control box, an upper rack baffle plate, a foot rack, a base, rack baffle plates, a feeding opening, a discharging groove, a rack connecting rod and a supporting rod, and is characterized in that electro-optical banana stalk diameter recognizing systems are arranged on the feeding and conveying device baffle plate and the rack baffle plates; pressing mechanisms are arranged on the rack baffle plates on the left side and the right side through bearing blocks, guide tracks and lead screws; the upper rack baffle plate is provided with an upper pressing roller adjusting system; the upper pressing roller adjusting system is connected with the pressing mechanisms through lead screws; and a motor is arranged in the base and is connected with the pressing mechanisms through chain transmission mechanisms. The automatically adjusted press roll type banana stalk presser has the advantages of novel structure, convenience in operation, high safety and reliability, energy conservation and emission reduction, environmental protection, high economical efficiency and the like, and is high in economical efficiency and high in practicality.

Description

Automatically adjust roller banana stem squeezer
Technical field
Automatic adjustment roller banana stem squeezer of the present invention, relates to a kind of agricultural machinery equipment field, is specially banana stem pressing device.
Background technology
Banana is Musaceae Musa unifacial leaf herbaceous plant, is the dominant species in Hainan Province tropical fruit tree, and cultivated area and output all rank among the best.The banana planting area in Hainan Province in 2010 reaches 87.5 ten thousand mu, and 1,440,000 tons of total outputs, account for 59% of tropical fruit (tree) total output, and the output value accounts for 55% of the whole province's tropical fruit (tree).Banana stem is the discarded object producing after banana results, and its output and banana production are suitable.Because banana stem is thick, moisture content high, more banana stem adopts and naturally rots or field discard processing, causes the great wasting of resources and problem of environmental pollution.The string that contains high-quality in banana stem, this fibre weight is light, gas permeability is strong, and economic worth is higher, and the western-style clothes of the various medium and high classes of suitable for making, shirt, necktie and various ornaments etc., also can be used to manufacture fine paper.The product that the banana stem fiber of take is development of raw materials is when meeting people's consumption, for new approach has been found in increasing peasant income.
The water content of banana stem reaches more than 95%, in locality, does not carry out processed, can increase transportation and storage burden.At present in domestic and foreign literature, fiber is extracted to process technology and equipment, the fiber aspects such as combing process technology, textile product industrialized developing, the utilization of leaf slag for comprehensive of coming unstuck and have certain scientific and technological advantage.Particularly, fiber extracts process technology comparative maturity, and existing numerous equipment patents, are also well applied.But the research at banana stem dehydration technology rarely has report.
For existing problem in above-mentioned prior art, a kind of novel automatic adjustment roller banana stem squeezer of research and design, is very necessary thereby overcome existing problem in prior art.
Summary of the invention
In view of existing problem in above-mentioned prior art, the object of the invention is a kind of novel automatic adjustment roller banana stem squeezer of research and design.In order to realize, reduce the wasting of resources and the environmental pollution that banana stem causes, can also bring for peasant the objects such as significant economic benefit.
Technical solution of the present invention is achieved in that
Moving adjustment roller banana stem squeezer of the present invention, comprises feed conveying device, feed conveying device baffle plate, control cabinet, frame overhead gage, foot rest, support, frame baffle plate, charging aperture, blow tank, frame connecting rod and support bar; Two frame baffle plates are loaded on the upper part of the frame left and right sides, and the frame baffle plate of the left and right sides is affixed by frame connecting rod and support bar; Above the charging aperture between the frame baffle plate of the left and right sides, feed inlet baffle is housed; Feed conveying device is equipped with in front portion at charging aperture, in the both sides of feed conveying device, feed conveying device baffle plate is housed, and on a side feed conveying device baffle plate, control cabinet is housed; Blow tank is equipped with at rear portion at frame baffle plate; Foot rest is equipped with in the Si Ge bight, bottom of support; It is characterized in that on described feed conveying device baffle plate and frame baffle plate, banana stem diameter being housed identifies electro-optical system; Press mechanism is loaded on the frame baffle plate of the left and right sides by bearing block, guide rail and screw mandrel; Pressure roller adjustment System is housed on frame overhead gage, and upper pressure roller adjustment System is connected by screw mandrel and press mechanism; Motor is loaded on base inner, and by being loaded on chain drive and press mechanism is connected;
Banana stem diameter identification electro-optical system of the present invention comprises optical transmitting set, receiver, metal induction frame and metal inductive probe; Optical transmitting set is loaded on the middle part of a side feed conveying device baffle plate, and receiver is loaded on the feed conveying device baffle plate of optical transmitting set right opposite; Metal inductive probe and optical transmitting set are arranged on the end of pressure roller shaft in the I level of same side frame baffle plate; Metal induction frame be arranged on metal inductive probe under;
Press mechanism of the present invention comprises the secondary formation of at least three pairs of pressure rollers; The rotating shaft of 6 pressure rollers of three pairs of pressure roller pairs is loaded on respectively on the frame baffle plate of the left and right sides; Wherein I level lower compression roller, II level lower compression roller and III level lower compression roller level are fixedly mounted on the bottom between the frame baffle plate of the left and right sides; In I level, in pressure roller, II level, in pressure roller and III level, bearing block is equipped with respectively in the pressure roller shaft both sides of pressure roller; Bearing block top is connected with screw lift respectively; Bearing block fills respectively on the guide rail of frame baffle plate outside, the left and right sides, and bearing block moves up and down along guide rail under the drive of screw mandrel;
Upper pressure roller adjustment System of the present invention comprises pressure roller automatic adjustment system and the manual adjustment System of upper pressure roller; Upper pressure roller automatic adjustment system comprises adjusts servomotor, shaft coupling, connecting rod, screw lift, belt pulley and synchronous belt; Adjust servomotor and be arranged on frame overhead gage top, and be connected with connecting rod by shaft coupling; The two ends of connecting rod are connected with the worm screw of the screw lift inside on pressure roller top in II level, and belt pulley is equipped with at connecting rod two ends; The belt pulley being connected with worm screw is housed on the screw lift on pressure roller top in I level, and two belt pulleys are connected by synchronous belt; The manual adjustment System of upper pressure roller comprises connecting rod and handwheel; Connecting rod two ends are connected with the worm screw in screw lift, in one end of connecting rod, handwheel are housed;
Chain drive of the present invention comprises duplex chain wheel, simple chainwheel, feed conveying device rear axle sprocket wheel, roller and chain; Homonymy axle head at 6 pressure rollers of three pairs of pressure roller pairs is respectively equipped with a duplex chain wheel; Feed conveying device rear axle sprocket wheel is loaded on feed conveying device rear axle; Roller is loaded on and is arranged on frame baffle plate, is positioned at the rear portion of frame baffle plate near the position of frame overhead gage; The axial connecting line same level line angle degree of the center of roller and III level lower compression roller approaches 90 °; Axle head at I level lower compression roller is also equipped with a simple chainwheel; The output chain gear of motor forms chain transmission by the duplex chain wheel of chain and I level lower compression roller axle head; The duplex chain wheel of I level lower compression roller axle head forms chain transmission by the duplex chain wheel of chain and II level lower compression roller axle head; Double chain wheel and the roller of II level lower compression roller and III level lower compression roller axle head form chain transmission by chain; Utilization adds the mode of roller, converts the rotation direction of III level lower compression roller to meet technological requirement direction, and the rate of tension of chain is adjusted by roller; In III level, in pressure roller and II level, the double chain wheel of pressure roller axle head forms chain transmission by chain; Rotation direction is identical with pressure roller in III level, the elastic tension centering block auto-compensation that rate of tension is arranged by driving chain top; In II level, in pressure roller and I level, the double chain wheel of pressure roller axle head forms chain transmission by chain, and rotation direction is identical with pressure roller in II level, in I level pressure roller due to II level on pressure roller synchronization lifting, can not establish tensioning apparatus; Chain is selected heavy-load bending plate chain bar.
The axial connecting line of I level lower compression roller of the present invention, II level lower compression roller and III level lower compression roller is horizontal line, is 28-55 ° of angle with pressure roller axial connecting line in pressure roller and I level in pressure roller, II level in III level; In I level, the distance of shaft centers of pressure roller and I level lower compression roller is 300-642mm.
In I level lower compression roller of the present invention, II level lower compression roller, III level lower compression roller, I level, in pressure roller, II level, in pressure roller and III level, the diameter of pressure roller is 200mm-320mm, and thickness forms more than 20mm or by solid pressure roller; Adopt stainless steel material or No. 37 steel, prevent the banana stem juice brown stain of collecting, on the face of cylinder of pressure roller, be uniformly distributed vertically isosceles triangle straight-tooth, tooth angle is 37-60 °, tooth depth scope is at 4-7mm, the crown place part of pruning, and tooth top leaves certain width, width is 1-2mm, and the bottom of groove also answers car to go out the width the same with tooth top.
Catch tray of the present invention is that drawer-type structure is equipped with adapter mouthful, is vertically installed with filter structure.
Transmission device of the present invention adopts pair of chain drive, and power set adopt a motor, and motor power (output) will be more than 10kW, speed governing arbitrarily, and the rotating speed of three grades of pressure roller pairs is controlled at 3-5 rev/min.Motor is arranged on the middle part of the lower floor of pedestal.
Interstice coverage between every one-level pressure roller pair of three grades of pressure roller pairs of the present invention is 10-20mm.
On the frame baffle plate of the frame of the present invention left and right sides, have lifting groove, for placing installation shaft bearing, and leave enough spacing pressure roller shaft bearing block on each can vertically be moved up and down, moving range is at 0-242mm.
Chain drive of the present invention adopts pair of chain drive mechanism; The homonymy axle head at 6 pressure rollers of three pairs of pressure roller pairs is respectively equipped with two duplex chain wheels; The double precision roller chain of chain strip adoption while adopting pair of chain drive mechanism.
During operation, the motor of dynamical system passes to respectively feeding web, three grades of press mechanisms by double strand chain and sprocket wheel by power.Banana stalk feeds charging aperture through conveyer belt, the water partial pressure that enters successively I level pressure roller pair, II level pressure roller pair, III level pressure roller adjutant banana stalk is squeezed out, by the liquid dish under support, collected, banana stalk after three grades of press dewaterings is discharged from blow tank, collects the banana stalk after dehydration and carries out following process processing.
At charging aperture front end, banana stem diameter identification electro-optical system is housed, can detects the diameter of banana stem, by signal feedback, to control system, control system is again according to transmitting the signal of coming, upper pressure roller automatic adjustment system, the height of pressure roller in adjustment; Also whether can detect in banana stem the impurity doped with metal, and can shut down at any time according to detectable signal, prevent that metal impurities from entering into equipment destruction equipment.
On catch tray, be equipped with and take over mouthful, can external aqueduct, the juice flowing in catch tray is collected stand-by.
Advantage of the present invention is apparent, is mainly manifested in:
1, whole process using automation of the present invention is controlled, and has reduced operator's labour intensity;
2, banana stem diameter identification electro-optical system is equipped with in the present invention, with this, regulates the spacing of upper and lower pressure roller, guarantees the completeness of squeezing;
3, banana stem diameter identification electro-optical system is equipped with in the present invention, has avoided metal impurities access arrangement, has ensured the normal operation of equipment;
4, the upper pressure roller axial connecting line of three grades of pressure roller pairs of the present invention and lower compression roller axial connecting line form 35-55 degree angle, have guaranteed the progressive squeezing of banana stem, have guaranteed the completeness of squeezing.
The present invention realizes the process that banana stem anhydrates automatically, preserves the integrality of banana stem fiber, collects the juice of sloughing.Banana fiber is very long, and applicable scope is extremely extensive.Banana stem, can be directly as weaving, papermaking raw material through the preliminary working of native system.The all right later use of juice of collecting, effective component extracting.By the design, reduce the middle cost that banana stem utilizes, optimize the process of utilizing, promote the comprehensive utilization of banana stalk, promote the raw material adjustment of textile industry and paper-making industry, realize energy-saving and emission-reduction, thereby there are real economic results in society.Meanwhile, protection of the environment, realizes green industry and produces and energy-saving and emission-reduction.
The present invention has novel structure, easy to operate, safe and reliable, energy-saving and emission-reduction, environmental protection, the advantage such as economic and practical, and it puts goods on the market in enormous quantities and will produce positive social benefit and significant economic benefit.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The present invention has 6 width accompanying drawings, wherein:
Accompanying drawing 1 structural representation of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 2 right hand external view of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 3 is right side cross-sectional view of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 4 is cut away left side view of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 5 is pressure roller stereogram of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 6 is pressure roller sectional view of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 7 is the A portion enlarged drawing of accompanying drawing 6.
In the drawings: 1, feed conveying device 2, feed conveying device baffle plate 3, control cabinet 4, optical transmitting set 5, metal induction frame 6, metal inductive probe 7, charging aperture 8, feed inlet baffle 9, frame overhead gage 10, screw lift 11, synchronous belt 12, belt pulley 13, screw lift 14, handwheel 15, shaft coupling 16, adjust servomotor 17, connecting rod 18, roller 19, blow tank 20, duplex chain wheel 21, simple chainwheel 22, feed conveying device rear axle sprocket wheel 23, foot rest 24, support 25, frame baffle plate 26, frame connecting rod 27, receiver 28, screw mandrel 29, bearing block 30, guide rail 31, catch tray 32, pressure roller shaft 33, support bar 34, installation shaft bearing 35, lifting groove 36, III level lower compression roller 37, in III level, pressure roller 38, in II level, pressure roller 39, in I level, pressure roller 40, I level lower compression roller 41, II level lower compression roller 42, output chain gear 43, motor 44, filter structure.
The specific embodiment
Specific embodiments of the invention as shown in drawings, the moving roller banana stem squeezer of adjusting, comprises feed conveying device 1, feed conveying device baffle plate 2, control cabinet 3, frame overhead gage 9, foot rest 23, support 24, frame baffle plate 25, charging aperture 7, blow tank 19, frame connecting rod 26 and support bar 33; Two frame baffle plates 25 are loaded on support 24 left and right sides, top, and the frame baffle plate 25 of the left and right sides is affixed by frame connecting rod 26 and support bar 33; Above the charging aperture 7 between the frame baffle plate 25 of the left and right sides, feed inlet baffle 8 is housed; In the front portion of charging aperture 7, feed conveying device 1 is housed, in the both sides of feed conveying device 1, feed conveying device baffle plate 2 is housed, on a side feed conveying device baffle plate 2, control cabinet 3 is housed; At the rear portion of frame baffle plate 25, blow tank 19 is housed; Foot rest 23 is equipped with in the Si Ge bight, bottom of support 24; It is characterized in that on described feed conveying device baffle plate 2 and frame baffle plate 25, banana stem diameter being housed identifies electro-optical system; Press mechanism is loaded on the frame baffle plate 25 of the left and right sides by bearing block 29, guide rail 30 and screw mandrel 28; Pressure roller adjustment System is housed on frame overhead gage 9, and upper pressure roller adjustment System is connected by screw mandrel 28 and press mechanism; Motor is loaded on support 24 inside, and by being loaded on chain drive and press mechanism is connected;
Banana stem diameter identification electro-optical system comprises optical transmitting set 4, receiver 27, metal induction frame 5 and metal inductive probe 6; Optical transmitting set 4 is loaded on the middle part of a side feed conveying device baffle plate 2, and receiver 27 is loaded on the feed conveying device baffle plate 2 of optical transmitting set 4 right opposites; Metal inductive probe 6 and optical transmitting set 4 are arranged on the end of pressure roller shaft in the I level of same side frame baffle plate 2; Metal induction frame 5 be arranged on metal inductive probe 6 under;
Press mechanism comprises the secondary formation of at least three pairs of pressure rollers; The rotating shaft of 6 pressure rollers of three pairs of pressure roller pairs is loaded on respectively on the frame baffle plate 25 of the left and right sides; Wherein I level lower compression roller 40, II level lower compression roller 41 and III level lower compression roller 36 levels are fixedly mounted on the bottom between left and right sides frame baffle plate 25; In I level, in pressure roller 39, II level, in pressure roller 38 and III level, bearing block 29 is equipped with respectively in pressure roller shaft 32 both sides of pressure roller 37; Bearing block 29 tops are connected with screw lift respectively; Bearing block 29 fills respectively on the guide rail 30 of frame baffle plate 25 outsides, the left and right sides, and bearing block 29 moves up and down along guide rail 30 under the drive of screw mandrel 28;
Upper pressure roller adjustment System comprises pressure roller automatic adjustment system and the manual adjustment System of upper pressure roller; Upper pressure roller automatic adjustment system comprises adjusts servomotor 16, shaft coupling 15, connecting rod 17, screw lift 13, belt pulley 12 and synchronous belt 11; Adjust servomotor 16 and be arranged on frame overhead gage 9 tops, and be connected with connecting rod 17 by shaft coupling 15; The two ends of connecting rod 17 are connected with the worm screw of screw lift 13 inside on pressure roller 38 tops in II level, and belt pulley 12 is equipped with at connecting rod 17 two ends; In I level, on the screw lift 10 on pressure roller 39 tops, the belt pulley being connected with worm screw is housed, two belt pulleys 12 are connected by synchronous belt 11; The manual adjustment System of upper pressure roller comprises connecting rod 20 and handwheel 14; Connecting rod 20 two ends are connected with the worm screw in screw lift 10, in one end of connecting rod, handwheel 14 are housed;
Chain drive comprises duplex chain wheel 20, simple chainwheel 21, feed conveying device rear axle sprocket wheel 22, roller 18 and chain; Homonymy axle head at 6 pressure rollers of three pairs of pressure roller pairs is respectively equipped with a duplex chain wheel 20; Feed conveying device rear axle sprocket wheel 22 is loaded on feed conveying device rear axle; Roller 18 is loaded on and is arranged on frame baffle plate 25, is positioned at the rear portion of frame baffle plate 25 near the position of frame overhead gage 9; The axial connecting line same level line angle degree of roller 18 center and III level lower compression roller 36 approaches 90 °; Axle head at I level lower compression roller 40 is also equipped with a simple chainwheel 21; The output chain gear 42 of motor 43 forms chain transmission by the duplex chain wheel 20 of chain and I level lower compression roller 40 axle heads; The duplex chain wheel 20 of I level lower compression roller 40 axle heads forms chain transmission by the duplex chain wheel 20 of chain and II level lower compression roller 41 axle heads; Double chain wheel 20 and the roller 18 of II level lower compression roller 41 and III level lower compression roller 36 axle heads form chain transmission by chain; Utilization adds the mode of roller 18, converts the rotation direction of III level lower compression roller 36 to meet technological requirement direction, and the rate of tension of chain is adjusted by roller 18; In III level, in pressure roller 37 and II level, the double chain wheel 20 of pressure roller 38 axle heads forms chain transmission by chain; In rotation direction and III level, pressure roller 37 is identical, the elastic tension centering block auto-compensation that rate of tension is arranged by driving chain top; In II level, in pressure roller 38 and I level, the double chain wheel 20 of pressure roller 39 axle heads forms chain transmission by chain, and in rotation direction and II level, pressure roller 38 is identical, in I level pressure roller 39 due to II level on pressure roller 38 synchronization liftings, can not establish tensioning apparatus; Chain is selected heavy-load bending plate chain bar.
The axial connecting line of I level lower compression roller 40, II level lower compression roller 41 and III level lower compression roller 36 is horizontal line, is 35 ° of angles with pressure roller 39 axial connecting lines in pressure roller 38 and I level in pressure roller 37, II level in III level; In I level, the distance of shaft centers of pressure roller 39 and I level lower compression roller 40 is 500mm.
In I level lower compression roller 40, II level lower compression roller 41, III level lower compression roller 36, I level, in pressure roller 39, II level, in pressure roller 38 and III level, the diameter of pressure roller 37 is 245mm, and thickness forms more than 20mm or by solid pressure roller; Adopt stainless steel material or No. 37 steel, prevent the banana stem juice brown stain of collecting, on the face of cylinder of pressure roller, be uniformly distributed vertically isosceles triangle straight-tooth, tooth angle is 60 °, tooth depth scope is at 4mm, the crown place part of pruning, and tooth top leaves certain width, width is 1mm, and the bottom of groove also answers car to go out the width the same with tooth top.
Catch tray 31 is taken over mouth for drawer-type structure is equipped with, and is vertically installed with filter structure 44.
Transmission device adopts pair of chain drive, and power set adopt a motor, and motor power (output) will be more than 10kW, speed governing arbitrarily, and the rotating speed of three grades of pressure roller pairs is controlled at 5 revs/min.Motor is arranged on the middle part of the lower floor of pedestal.
Interstice coverage between every one-level pressure roller pair of three grades of pressure roller pairs is 10mm.
On the frame baffle plate 25 of the frame left and right sides, have lifting groove 35, for placing installation shaft bearing 34, and leave enough spacing pressure roller shaft bearing block on each can vertically be moved up and down, moving range is at 50mm.
Chain drive adopts pair of chain drive mechanism; The homonymy axle head at 6 pressure rollers of three pairs of pressure roller pairs is respectively equipped with two duplex chain wheels 20; The double precision roller chain of chain strip adoption while adopting pair of chain drive mechanism.
The above; it is only the preferably specific embodiment of the present invention; but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to this; allly be familiar with those skilled in the art in technical scope disclosed by the invention, within being equal to and replacing or change protection scope of the present invention all should be encompassed according to technical scheme of the present invention and design of the present invention thereof.

Claims (7)

1. automatically adjust a roller banana stem squeezer, comprise feed conveying device (1), feed conveying device baffle plate (2), control cabinet (3), frame overhead gage (9), foot rest (23), support (24), frame baffle plate (25), charging aperture (7), blow tank (19), frame connecting rod (26) and support bar (33); Two frame baffle plates (25) are loaded on support (24) left and right sides, top, and the frame baffle plate (25) of the left and right sides is affixed by frame connecting rod (26) and support bar (33); Feed inlet baffle (8) is equipped with in charging aperture (7) top between the frame baffle plate (25) of the left and right sides; In the front portion of charging aperture (7), feed conveying device (1) is housed, in the both sides of feed conveying device (1), feed conveying device baffle plate (2) is housed, on a side feed conveying device baffle plate (2), control cabinet (3) is housed; At the rear portion of frame baffle plate (25), blow tank (19) is housed; Foot rest (23) is equipped with in the Si Ge bight, bottom of support (24); It is characterized in that on described feed conveying device baffle plate (2) and frame baffle plate (25), banana stem diameter being housed identifies electro-optical system; Press mechanism is loaded on the frame baffle plate (25) of the left and right sides by bearing block (29), guide rail (30) and screw mandrel (28); Upper pressure roller adjustment System is housed on frame overhead gage (9), and upper pressure roller adjustment System is connected by screw mandrel (28) and press mechanism; Motor is loaded on support (24) inside, and by being loaded on chain drive and press mechanism is connected;
Described banana stem diameter identification electro-optical system comprises optical transmitting set (4), receiver (27), metal induction frame (5) and metal inductive probe (6); Optical transmitting set (4) is loaded on the middle part of a side feed conveying device baffle plate (2), and receiver (27) is loaded on the feed conveying device baffle plate (2) of optical transmitting set (4) right opposite; Metal inductive probe (6) and optical transmitting set (4) are arranged on the end of pressure roller shaft in the I level of same side frame baffle plate (2); Metal induction frame (5) be arranged on metal inductive probe (6) under;
Described press mechanism comprises the secondary formation of at least three pairs of pressure rollers; The rotating shaft of 6 pressure rollers of three pairs of pressure roller pairs is loaded on respectively on the frame baffle plate (25) of the left and right sides; Wherein I level lower compression roller (40), II level lower compression roller (41) and III level lower compression roller (36) level are fixedly mounted on the bottom between left and right sides frame baffle plate (25); In pressure roller in I level (39), II level, in pressure roller (38) and III level, bearing block (29) is equipped with respectively in pressure roller shaft (32) both sides of pressure roller (37); Bearing block (29) top is connected with screw lift respectively; It is upper that bearing block (29) fills respectively the outside guide rail (30) of left and right sides frame baffle plate (25), and bearing block (29) moves up and down along guide rail (30) under the drive of screw mandrel (28);
Described upper pressure roller adjustment System comprises pressure roller automatic adjustment system and the manual adjustment System of upper pressure roller; Upper pressure roller automatic adjustment system comprises adjusts servomotor (16), shaft coupling (15), connecting rod (17), screw lift (13), belt pulley (12) and synchronous belt (11); Adjust servomotor (16) and be arranged on frame overhead gage (9) top, and be connected with connecting rod (17) by shaft coupling (15); The two ends of connecting rod (17) worm screw inner with the screw lift (13) on pressure roller (38) top in II level is connected, and belt pulley (12) is equipped with at connecting rod (17) two ends; On the screw lift (10) on pressure roller in I level (39) top, the belt pulley being connected with worm screw is housed, two belt pulleys (12) are connected by synchronous belt (11); The manual adjustment System of upper pressure roller comprises connecting rod (20) and handwheel (14); Connecting rod (20) two ends are connected with the worm screw in screw lift (10), and handwheel (14) is housed in one end of connecting rod;
Described chain drive comprises duplex chain wheel (20), simple chainwheel (21), feed conveying device rear axle sprocket wheel (22), roller (18) and chain; Homonymy axle head at 6 pressure rollers of three pairs of pressure roller pairs is respectively equipped with a duplex chain wheel (20); Feed conveying device rear axle sprocket wheel (22) is loaded on feed conveying device rear axle; Roller (18) is loaded on and is arranged on frame baffle plate (25) above, is positioned at the rear portion of frame baffle plate (25) near the position of frame overhead gage (9); The axial connecting line same level line angle degree of the center of roller (18) and III level lower compression roller (36) approaches 90 °; Axle head at I level lower compression roller (40) is also equipped with a simple chainwheel (21); The output chain gear (42) of motor (43) forms chain transmission by the duplex chain wheel (20) of chain and I level lower compression roller (40) axle head; The duplex chain wheel (20) of I level lower compression roller (40) axle head forms chain transmission by the duplex chain wheel (20) of chain and II level lower compression roller (41) axle head; Double chain wheel (20) and the roller (18) of II level lower compression roller (41) and III level lower compression roller (36) axle head form chain transmission by chain; Utilization adds the mode of roller (18), converts the rotation direction of III level lower compression roller (36) to meet technological requirement direction, and the rate of tension of chain is adjusted by roller (18); In pressure roller in III level (37) and II level, the double chain wheel (20) of pressure roller (38) axle head forms chain transmission by chain; In rotation direction and III level, pressure roller (37) is identical, the elastic tension centering block auto-compensation that rate of tension is arranged by driving chain top; In pressure roller in II level (38) and I level, the double chain wheel (20) of pressure roller (39) axle head forms chain transmission by chain, in rotation direction and II level, pressure roller (38) is identical, pressure roller in I level (39) due to II level on pressure roller (38) synchronization lifting, can not establish tensioning apparatus; Chain is selected heavy-load bending plate chain bar;
The axial connecting line of described I level lower compression roller (40), II level lower compression roller (41) and III level lower compression roller (36) is horizontal line, is 28-55 ° of angle with pressure roller (39) axial connecting line in pressure roller (38) and I level in pressure roller (37), II level in III level; Pressure roller in I level (39) is 300-642mm with the distance of shaft centers of I level lower compression roller (40).
2. automatic adjustment roller banana stem squeezer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that in described I level lower compression roller (40), II level lower compression roller (41), III level lower compression roller (36), I level in pressure roller (39), II level on pressure roller (38) and III level that the diameter of pressure roller (37) is 200mm-320mm, thickness forms more than 20mm or by solid pressure roller; Adopt stainless steel material or No. 37 steel, prevent the banana stem juice brown stain of collecting, on the face of cylinder of pressure roller, be uniformly distributed vertically isosceles triangle straight-tooth, tooth angle is 37-60 °, tooth depth scope is at 4-7mm, the crown place part of pruning, and tooth top leaves certain width, width is 1-2mm, and the bottom of groove also answers car to go out the width the same with tooth top.
3. automatic adjustment roller banana stem squeezer according to claim 1, is characterized in that described catch tray (31), for drawer-type structure is equipped with adapter mouthful, is vertically installed with filter structure (44).
4. automatic adjustment roller banana stem squeezer according to claim 1, is characterized in that described motor (43) power is more than 10kW, speed governing arbitrarily, and the rotating speed of three grades of pressure roller pairs is controlled at 3-5 rev/min; Motor is arranged on the middle part of the lower floor of pedestal.
5. automatic adjustment roller banana stem squeezer according to claim 1, is characterized in that the interstice coverage between every one-level pressure roller pair of three grades of described pressure roller pairs is 10-20mm.
6. automatic adjustment roller banana stem squeezer according to claim 1, on the frame baffle plate (25) of the frame left and right sides described in it is characterized in that, have lifting groove (35), be used for placing installation shaft bearing (34), and leave enough spacing pressure roller shaft bearing block on each can vertically be moved up and down, moving range is at 0-242mm.
7. automatic adjustment roller banana stem squeezer according to claim 1, is characterized in that described chain drive adopts pair of chain drive mechanism; The homonymy axle head at 6 pressure rollers of three pairs of pressure roller pairs is respectively equipped with two duplex chain wheels (20); The double precision roller chain of chain strip adoption while adopting pair of chain drive mechanism.
CN201410022231.2A 2014-01-17 2014-01-17 Automatic adjustment roller banana stem squeezer Active CN103753840B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410022231.2A CN103753840B (en) 2014-01-17 2014-01-17 Automatic adjustment roller banana stem squeezer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410022231.2A CN103753840B (en) 2014-01-17 2014-01-17 Automatic adjustment roller banana stem squeezer

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CN103753840A true CN103753840A (en) 2014-04-30
CN103753840B CN103753840B (en) 2015-09-16

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104014405A (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-09-03 徐州富阳能源科技有限公司 Wood-plastic template powder-making machine
CN104396468A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-03-11 海南大学 Smashing water squeeze type banana stem solid molding material conveyor
CN104527122A (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-04-22 海南大学 Variable spiral type combined solid forming machine for banana stems
CN105922617A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-09-07 中国农业大学 High-moisture forage grass and straw dewatering device
CN106758444A (en) * 2016-12-11 2017-05-31 广西中粮生物质能源有限公司 A kind of cellulose substances mechanical dehydration device
CN107009660A (en) * 2016-01-27 2017-08-04 天津市国民制药机械有限公司 A kind of dregs of a decoction dehydration device
CN107385518A (en) * 2017-07-13 2017-11-24 海南大学 Bispin is to shelling formula banana stem fiber extractor
CN109046655A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-12-21 海南大学 One kind, which can retreat, throws formula tropical crops materials crusher

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US4125070A (en) * 1976-04-27 1978-11-14 Besnard Rene Press for squeezing juice from ligneous plants and material
GB2230972A (en) * 1989-04-26 1990-11-07 Walchandnagar Ind Ltd Sugar cane mill roller and manufacture thereof
CN102059816A (en) * 2010-11-18 2011-05-18 李登平 Waste extruder
CN202498755U (en) * 2012-03-20 2012-10-24 彭鹏 Improved straw juicing forming press
CN103229635A (en) * 2013-05-07 2013-08-07 海南大学 Rolling and chopping combined banana straw crushing and returning machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4125070A (en) * 1976-04-27 1978-11-14 Besnard Rene Press for squeezing juice from ligneous plants and material
GB2230972A (en) * 1989-04-26 1990-11-07 Walchandnagar Ind Ltd Sugar cane mill roller and manufacture thereof
CN102059816A (en) * 2010-11-18 2011-05-18 李登平 Waste extruder
CN202498755U (en) * 2012-03-20 2012-10-24 彭鹏 Improved straw juicing forming press
CN103229635A (en) * 2013-05-07 2013-08-07 海南大学 Rolling and chopping combined banana straw crushing and returning machine

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104014405A (en) * 2014-06-11 2014-09-03 徐州富阳能源科技有限公司 Wood-plastic template powder-making machine
CN104014405B (en) * 2014-06-11 2016-02-17 徐州富阳能源科技有限公司 Wood-plastic formwork flour mill
CN104527122A (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-04-22 海南大学 Variable spiral type combined solid forming machine for banana stems
CN104396468A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-03-11 海南大学 Smashing water squeeze type banana stem solid molding material conveyor
CN104396468B (en) * 2014-12-04 2016-02-24 海南大学 Pulverize wringing type banana stem solid forming ingredient conveyor
CN107009660A (en) * 2016-01-27 2017-08-04 天津市国民制药机械有限公司 A kind of dregs of a decoction dehydration device
CN107009660B (en) * 2016-01-27 2019-07-16 天津市国民制药机械有限公司 A kind of dregs of a decoction dehydration device
CN105922617A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-09-07 中国农业大学 High-moisture forage grass and straw dewatering device
CN106758444A (en) * 2016-12-11 2017-05-31 广西中粮生物质能源有限公司 A kind of cellulose substances mechanical dehydration device
CN107385518A (en) * 2017-07-13 2017-11-24 海南大学 Bispin is to shelling formula banana stem fiber extractor
CN109046655A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-12-21 海南大学 One kind, which can retreat, throws formula tropical crops materials crusher

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