CN103753627A - Clamping, positioning and correction device and positioning and correcting method for fusiform fruits - Google Patents

Clamping, positioning and correction device and positioning and correcting method for fusiform fruits Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103753627A
CN103753627A CN201410013866.6A CN201410013866A CN103753627A CN 103753627 A CN103753627 A CN 103753627A CN 201410013866 A CN201410013866 A CN 201410013866A CN 103753627 A CN103753627 A CN 103753627A
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China
Prior art keywords
clamping
spindle fruit
spindle
fruit
positioner
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CN201410013866.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103753627B (en
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黄新恒
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黄新恒
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Publication of CN103753627B publication Critical patent/CN103753627B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a clamping, positioning and correction device and a positioning and correcting method for fusiform fruits such as areca nuts and olives. The clamping, positioning and correction device is characterized in that when a normally-closed clamping manipulator and a positioning device are in relative motion, the normally-closed clamping manipulator enables fusiform fruits to rotate around the center of a positioning device to be symmetrical along a clamping center of the normally-closed clamping manipulator and tightly clamps the fussiform fruits. The positioning device comprises an ejection rod base and a group of telescopic ejection rods which are mounted on the ejection rod base and used for positioning two ends of the fusiform fruits. The normally-closed clamping manipulator comprises a group of clamping swing arms which are in synchronous movement and mounted on a clamping base, a clamping spring is arranged between the clamping swing arms, clamping arms are mounted on the clamping swing arms, and the axial center line of the two telescopic ejection rods is coincided with the clamping center between the two clamping arms and parallel to the center line between the two clamping swing arms. The method is novel in conception, the device is simple, areca nuts are guaranteed to be cut in half symmetrically, and production efficiency is high.

Description

The positioning correction method of spindle fruit and clamping position means for correcting

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of processing unit (plant) of spindle fruit, specifically a kind of positioning correction method of spindle fruit and clamping position means for correcting, particularly relates to a kind of positioning correction method for betel nut, olive and clamping position means for correcting.

Background technology

At present, in as the processing of the spindle fruits such as betel nut, olive, often need to be cut.As existing betel nut production technology generally comprises betel nut dry fruit → alkali cleaning → poach → cut → order halogen → steps such as solidifying halogen → packaging seal → finished product, cutting in step, betel nut need to be cut into symmetrical two halves, along the long axis direction of betel nut, cut into symmetrical two halves.Existing betel nut is cut to be divided into manually cutting with machinery and is cut two kinds.Manually cut by single the dissecing of the hand-held cutter of operator, the problem such as this cutting method exists labour intensity large, and production efficiency is low, affects food hygiene, management cost height, meanwhile, easily causes operating personnel's industrial accident.Have and adopt machinery to cut.But because fresh areca nuts is Long Circle or ovoid (being spindle), after drying, some face shaping is bending and irregular, causes cutting rear two not of uniform size causing, and affects product quality.And these bending irregular betel nuts are commonly called as and study carefully a betel nut, in betel nut, be the best first-class betel nut of meat, therefore, present most betel nut processing factory still selects artificial hand-held to cut for the slightly high product of quality requirements.

For this reason, application number is 201110404115.3, the applying date is 2011.12.08, denomination of invention is correction localization method and the device that a kind of areca-cutting machine with positioning function discloses a kind of betel nut, it makes betel nut automatic calibration location by buoyancy, finds how much planes of symmetry of betel nut when guaranteeing to cut into slices.But the method exists one to be the pollution of liquid to betel nut; The 2nd, fresh areca nuts is after being dried, and the fruit stone at its center can be close on the inwall of betel nut, changes its center of gravity, like this, can affect the searching of how much planes of symmetry of betel nut, and the 3rd, complex structure.

The patent No. is 201320294305.9, the applying date is 2013.05.27, denomination of invention is the positioner placed in the middle that a kind of full-automatic areca-cutting machine discloses a kind of betel nut, it is respectively provided with a betel nut side-lens 49 on the both sides of the guide groove 48 that is placed with betel nut seed 416, guarantee that betel nut seed 416 can significantly not swing and even leave guide groove 48 in the stroke being advanced by seed-pushing rod 412, at the head front end of seed-pushing rod 412, be provided with stupefied taper betel nut groove 413 placed in the middle, and two catch 47 placed in the middle are designed to the docking of certain angle, having guaranteed that seed-pushing rod 412 can " be stung " the firmly two ends of betel nut seed 416 fully with catch 47 placed in the middle in the process advancing makes it can not swing and just cutting knife 44 be advanced, play good positioning action and (referred to Figure 12, Figure 13).When section, only betel nut seed 416 is located, betel nut seed 416 is not proofreaied and correct, find how much planes of symmetry of betel nut.But in the process of oscillation ordering material, it is proofreaied and correct, same, the fruit stone of betel nut also can affect the searching of how much planes of symmetry of betel nut.

Summary of the invention

The object of this invention is to provide a kind of positioning correction method for spindle fruits such as betel nut, olives and clamping position means for correcting.

The present invention adopts following technical scheme to realize its goal of the invention, a kind of positioning correction method of spindle fruit, it comprises the positioner along the two ends activity orientation of long axis direction by spindle fruit, when normally closed clamping manipulator and positioner produce relative motion in the both sides along spindle fruit long axis direction, normally closed clamping manipulator makes spindle fruit symmetrical and spindle fruit is clamped to the Clamping Center face along normally closed clamping manipulator around the central rotation of positioner, the center line of described positioner overlaps with the Clamping Center face of normally closed clamping manipulator, the direction of motion of normally closed clamping manipulator is vertical with the center line of positioner.

For guaranteeing location and the movable rotation of spindle fruit, the contact position at positioner of the present invention and spindle fruit two ends be shaped as the inner conical surface corresponding with spindle fruit two ends surface configuration.

Stable for guaranteeing clamping, during normally closed clamping manipulator clamping spindle fruit of the present invention, at least keep having three places to contact with spindle fruit.

A kind of clamping position means for correcting of spindle fruit, it comprises spindle fruit along the positioner of the two ends activity orientation of long axis direction, in the both sides along spindle fruit long axis direction, produces the normally closed clamping manipulator of relative motion with positioner, and described positioner comprises push rod pedestal, is arranged on push rod pedestal for locating one group of flexible push rod at spindle fruit two ends; Described normally closed clamping manipulator comprise be arranged on clamping pedestal on one group of clamping swing arm being synchronized with the movement, between clamping swing arm, be provided with fastening spring, clamping limb is arranged in clamping swing arm, Clamping Center face between longitudinal center line and two clamping limbs of described two flexible push rods overlaps, and parallel with the center line between two clamping swing arms.

Stable for guaranteeing clamping, clamping limb of the present invention is arranged in clamping swing arm by bearing pin, and clamping limb can rotate around bearing pin; Described clamping limb around bearing pin rotate angle be the clamping face of clamping limb and the angle of Clamping Center face be less than ± 45 °.

For reducing friction, one end of clamping limb of the present invention is provided with pulley.

Stable for guaranteeing clamping, the bare terminal end of clamping limb of the present invention is corresponding with spindle fruit surface shape with the shape of the contact position of spindle fruit.

Simple in structure for making, easy to process, the bare terminal end of clamping limb of the present invention is two parallel shafts.

For guaranteeing location and the movable rotation of spindle fruit, the contact position at flexible push rod of the present invention and spindle fruit two ends be shaped as the inner conical surface 3 corresponding with spindle fruit two ends surface configuration.

Owing to adopting technique scheme, the present invention has realized goal of the invention preferably, and its method is novel, when spindle fruit is clamped as betel nut, realizes dexterously the positioning correcting of betel nut, has guaranteed that betel nut cuts into symmetrical two halves; Its device is simple, and positioning correcting is accurate, reliable in action, and handling safety, has greatly improved production efficiency.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of flexible push rod 2;

The schematic diagram of state one when Fig. 3 is normally closed clamping manipulator clamping betel nut;

The schematic diagram of state two when Fig. 4 is normally closed clamping manipulator clamping betel nut;

The schematic diagram of state three when Fig. 5 is normally closed clamping manipulator clamping betel nut.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.

A kind of positioning correction method of spindle fruit, it comprises the positioner along the two ends activity orientation of long axis direction by spindle fruit 6, when normally closed clamping manipulator and positioner produce relative motion in the both sides along spindle fruit 6 long axis directions, normally closed clamping manipulator makes spindle fruit 6 symmetrical and spindle fruit 6 is clamped to the Clamping Center face along normally closed clamping manipulator around the central rotation of positioner, the center line of described positioner overlaps with the Clamping Center face of normally closed clamping manipulator, the direction of motion of normally closed clamping manipulator is vertical with the center line of positioner.

For guaranteeing location and the movable rotation of spindle fruit 6, the contact position at positioner of the present invention and spindle fruit 6 two ends be shaped as the inner conical surface 3 corresponding with spindle fruit 6 two ends surface configurations.

Stable for guaranteeing clamping, during normally closed clamping manipulator clamping spindle fruit 6 of the present invention, at least keep having three places to contact with spindle fruit 6.

As seen from Figure 1, Figure 2, a kind of clamping position means for correcting of spindle fruit, it comprises spindle fruit 6 along the positioner of the two ends activity orientation of long axis direction, in the both sides along spindle fruit 6 long axis directions, produces the normally closed clamping manipulator of relative motion with positioner, and described positioner comprises push rod pedestal 1, is arranged on push rod pedestal 1 for locating one group of flexible push rod 2 at spindle fruit two ends; Described normally closed clamping manipulator comprise be arranged on clamping pedestal 7 on one group of clamping swing arm 8 being synchronized with the movement, between clamping swing arm 8, be provided with fastening spring 11, clamping limb 4 is arranged in clamping swing arm 8, Clamping Center face 10 between longitudinal center line and two clamping limbs 4 of described two flexible push rods 2 overlaps, and parallel with the center line between two clamping swing arms 8.

Engage by gear one end of two clamping swing arms 8 of the present invention, and consistent to guarantee the synchronized movement of two clamping swing arms 8, fastening spring 11 makes to clamp swing arm 8 and remains on normally off; For simple in structure, described normally closed clamping manipulator is located at positioner top, and normally closed clamping manipulator moves both vertically from top to bottom, to clamp spindle fruit 6.

Stable for guaranteeing clamping, clamping limb 4 of the present invention is arranged in clamping swing arm 8 by bearing pin 9, and clamping limb 4 can rotate around bearing pin 9; The angle that described clamping limb 4 rotates around bearing pin 9 be the clamping face of clamping limb 4 and the angle of Clamping Center face 10 be less than ± 45 °.

The angle that clamping limb 4 of the present invention rotates around bearing pin 9 be the clamping face of clamping limb 4 and the angle of Clamping Center face 10 be preferably less than ± 30 °.

The present invention is simple, and clamping limb 4 is provided with gap with the contact position of clamping swing arm 8, described gap can make clamping limb 4 around bearing pin 9 rotate ± 30 °.

For reducing friction, one end of clamping limb 4 of the present invention is provided with pulley 5.

Stable for guaranteeing clamping, the bare terminal end of clamping limb 4 of the present invention is corresponding with spindle fruit 6 surface configurations with the shape of the contact position of spindle fruit 6.

Simple in structure for making, easy to process, the bare terminal end of clamping limb 4 of the present invention is two parallel shafts.

Like this, because clamping limb 4 can rotate around bearing pin 9, clamping limb 4, when clamping spindle fruit 6, has place everywhere to contact with spindle fruit 6, guarantees that 6 clampings of spindle fruit are stable.

For guaranteeing location and the movable rotation of spindle fruit 6, the contact position at flexible push rod 2 of the present invention and spindle fruit 6 two ends be shaped as the inner conical surface 3 corresponding with spindle fruit 6 two ends surface configurations.

When the present invention works (spindle fruit 6 is take betel nut as example), pay-off is delivered to positioner by betel nut, it is mobile that push rod pedestal 1 front and back come and go docking, betel nut is located by two flexible push rods 2, flexible push rod 2 utilizes the pressure of spring to make the two ends of betel nut slide to the center of two inner conical surfaces 3, realizes betel nut locate at long axis direction with this; Due to the contact position at flexible push rod 2 and spindle fruit 6 two ends be shaped as inner conical surface 3, like this, betel nut in location simultaneously, and can be around the axial centre rotation of two flexible push rods 2.

From Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, now, clamping pedestal 7 moves downward, because the longitudinal center line between two flexible push rods 2 and the Clamping Center face 10 between two clamping limbs 4 overlap, when betel nut profile is irregular, the pulley 5 on clamping limb 4 first contacts betel nut (as shown in Figure 3), make betel nut be subject to the thrust of clamping limb 4 and rotate, and clamping limb 4 can rotate around bearing pin 9, to guarantee that clamping limb 4 has everywhere and contacts with betel nut, guarantee that clamping is stable; Meanwhile, because clamping limb 4 is normally closed, betel nut moves downward in process at clamping pedestal 7, and the longitudinal center line rotation between two flexible push rods 2, until make betel nut along Clamping Center face 10 symmetries, is finally held arm 4 and clamps (as shown in Figure 5), realizes and proofreading and correct.Betel nut after correction is delivered to cutting device by clamping manipulator and is cut.

The present invention, for guaranteeing positioning correcting effect, can repeat above action, can carry out the holding action of 1~3 time.

The inventive method is novel, when spindle fruit is transferred as betel nut clamps, utilizes normally closed clamping manipulator to realize dexterously the positioning correcting of betel nut, has guaranteed that betel nut cuts into symmetrical two halves along long axis direction; Its device is simple, and positioning correcting is accurate, reliable in action, and efficiency is high, and handling safety has greatly improved production efficiency.

The above only further illustrates technology contents of the present invention with embodiment, so that reader is easier to understand, but does not represent that embodiments of the present invention only limit to this, and any technology of doing according to the present invention is extended or recreation, is all subject to protection of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the positioning correction method of a spindle fruit, it is characterized in that it comprises the positioner along the two ends activity orientation of long axis direction by spindle fruit, when normally closed clamping manipulator and positioner produce relative motion in the both sides along spindle fruit long axis direction, normally closed clamping manipulator makes spindle fruit symmetrical and spindle fruit is clamped to the Clamping Center face along normally closed clamping manipulator around the central rotation of positioner, the center line of described positioner overlaps with the Clamping Center face of normally closed clamping manipulator, the direction of motion of normally closed clamping manipulator is vertical with the center line of positioner.
2. the positioning correction method of spindle fruit according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described positioner and spindle fruit two ends contact position be shaped as the inner conical surface corresponding with spindle fruit two ends surface configuration.
3. the positioning correction method of spindle fruit according to claim 1, while it is characterized in that described normally closed clamping manipulator clamping spindle fruit, at least keeps having three places to contact with spindle fruit.
4. the clamping position means for correcting of a spindle fruit, it is characterized in that it comprises spindle fruit along the positioner of the two ends activity orientation of long axis direction, in the both sides along spindle fruit long axis direction, produces the normally closed clamping manipulator of relative motion with positioner, described positioner comprises push rod pedestal, is arranged on push rod pedestal for locating one group of flexible push rod at spindle fruit two ends; Described normally closed clamping manipulator comprise be arranged on clamping pedestal on one group of clamping swing arm being synchronized with the movement, between clamping swing arm, be provided with fastening spring, clamping limb is arranged in clamping swing arm, Clamping Center face between longitudinal center line and two clamping limbs of described two flexible push rods overlaps, and parallel with the center line between two clamping swing arms.
5. the clamping position means for correcting of spindle fruit according to claim 4, is characterized in that described clamping limb is arranged in clamping swing arm by bearing pin, and clamping limb can rotate around bearing pin.
6. the clamping position means for correcting of spindle fruit according to claim 5, it is characterized in that angle that clamping limb rotates around bearing pin be the clamping face of clamping limb and the angle of Clamping Center face be less than ± 45 °.
7. the clamping position means for correcting of spindle fruit according to claim 4, is characterized in that one end of described clamping limb is provided with pulley.
8. the clamping position means for correcting of spindle fruit according to claim 4, is characterized in that the bare terminal end of described clamping limb and the shape of the contact position of spindle fruit are corresponding with spindle fruit surface shape.
9. the clamping position means for correcting of spindle fruit according to claim 8, the bare terminal end that it is characterized in that described clamping limb is two parallel shafts.
10. according to the clamping position means for correcting of spindle fruit described in claim 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 or 8 or 9, it is characterized in that described flexible push rod and spindle fruit two ends contact position be shaped as the inner conical surface corresponding with spindle fruit two ends surface configuration.
CN201410013866.6A 2014-01-13 2014-01-13 The clamping position means for correcting of spindle fruit CN103753627B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201410013866.6A CN103753627B (en) 2014-01-13 2014-01-13 The clamping position means for correcting of spindle fruit

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN103753627B CN103753627B (en) 2016-01-27

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2788570Y (en) * 2005-03-25 2006-06-21 胡斌 Full-automatic areca-nut processing and making equipment
WO2011107650A1 (en) * 2010-03-05 2011-09-09 Munoz Ledesma Jose Antonio Improvements to olive-pitting and -stuffing machines
CN102490196A (en) * 2011-12-08 2012-06-13 湘潭大学 Betel nut slicing machine with positioning function
CN202911012U (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-05-01 刘鸿彬 Silicon rod rotation floating cutting numerical control machine
CN103273517A (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-09-04 湖南口味王集团有限责任公司 Full-automatic areca nut slicing machine
ES2431688A1 (en) * 2012-05-22 2013-11-27 Bautista Santillana Fernández Improved counterweight of variable inertia and automatic variation for tree vibrating machines (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
CN203738872U (en) * 2014-01-13 2014-07-30 黄新恒 Clamping, positioning and correcting device for spindle-shaped fruits

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2788570Y (en) * 2005-03-25 2006-06-21 胡斌 Full-automatic areca-nut processing and making equipment
WO2011107650A1 (en) * 2010-03-05 2011-09-09 Munoz Ledesma Jose Antonio Improvements to olive-pitting and -stuffing machines
CN102490196A (en) * 2011-12-08 2012-06-13 湘潭大学 Betel nut slicing machine with positioning function
ES2431688A1 (en) * 2012-05-22 2013-11-27 Bautista Santillana Fernández Improved counterweight of variable inertia and automatic variation for tree vibrating machines (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
CN202911012U (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-05-01 刘鸿彬 Silicon rod rotation floating cutting numerical control machine
CN103273517A (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-09-04 湖南口味王集团有限责任公司 Full-automatic areca nut slicing machine
CN203738872U (en) * 2014-01-13 2014-07-30 黄新恒 Clamping, positioning and correcting device for spindle-shaped fruits

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Effective date of registration: 20180611

Address after: 150000 room 312, Changjiang Road, Nangang District, Harbin, Heilongjiang, 312

Patentee after: Harbin Zhihong science and Technology Service Co., Ltd.

Address before: 413002 3 East Yiyang residential district, 1289 East Vienna Road, Yiyang, Hunan, 3 units 708

Patentee before: Huang Xinheng

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TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20180703

Address after: 226300 Jinsha Industrial Park, Jinsha Town, Tongzhou District, Nantong, Jiangsu

Patentee after: Nantong same Trading Co., Ltd.

Address before: 150000 room 312, Changjiang Road, Nangang District, Harbin, Heilongjiang, 312

Patentee before: Harbin Zhihong science and Technology Service Co., Ltd.