CN103752495A - Automatic shellfish offspring seed sorting and counting device - Google Patents

Automatic shellfish offspring seed sorting and counting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103752495A
CN103752495A CN201410010736.7A CN201410010736A CN103752495A CN 103752495 A CN103752495 A CN 103752495A CN 201410010736 A CN201410010736 A CN 201410010736A CN 103752495 A CN103752495 A CN 103752495A
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China
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seedling
seedlings
slideway
conveyer belt
outlet
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CN201410010736.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103752495B (en
Inventor
张光发
李琴涛
李明智
杨君德
张维英
郑俊豪
田耕
许明
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Zhangzidao Island Group Co., Ltd.
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Dalian Ocean University
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Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic shellfish offspring seed sorting and counting device. Conventional offspring seed sorting can only depend on manual operation to complete, thereby being large in occupied area, high in labor intensity, inaccurate in technology, nonuniform in standard, low in working efficiency and the like. Aiming at the above problem, a special structure is designed, can automatically separate and screen offspring seeds different in specification and size, can count medium-specification and large-specification offspring seeds, and can estimate offspring specification proportion of sampled shellfish fingerlings, so that labor and time can be saved greatly, and cost can be lowered. Consequently, the automatic shellfish offspring seed sorting and counting device has various advantages, and is especially suitable for popularization and application in the field and quite wide in market prospect.

Description

Shellfish seed automatic sorting counting device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fishery cultivating servicing unit, particularly a kind of shellfish seed automatic sorting counting device.
Background technology
Carrying out before shellfish culture, need to carry out sorting, counting and clearing to seed, traditional shellfish culture enterprise adopts the mode of artificial separation to carry out aforesaid operations, and existing defect is: workplace floor space is large, and intensity of workers is large; Because the standard of sorting and the accuracy of counting rely on operating personnel's individual subjective sensation and experience completely, the precision of sorting is difficult to guarantee; Spat size after sorting differs larger, because the difference of big or small spat price causes seed buying clearing unfair; Artificial separation inefficiency, assorting room required time is long, and the spat long period is exposed in air, causes the death rate of spat to increase, and economic loss is serious.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is in order to solve the existing above-mentioned deficiency of prior art, to propose a kind of structure ingenious, reasonable in design, the device that can automatically different size shellfish seed be carried out sorting and be counted.
Technical solution of the present invention is: a kind of shellfish seed automatic sorting counting device, comprise frame 1, it is characterized in that: at the top of frame 1, be provided with workbench 2, in the frame 1 adjacent with workbench 2, offer into seedling mouth 3, the below that enters seedling mouth 3 is provided with tilted-putted screen cloth 4, on screen cloth 4, be disposed with aperture group 5 from top to bottom, mesopore group 6, every kind of hole group is all comprised of multiple equally distributed holes, parallel with screen cloth 4 seedling slideway 8 and the middle seedling slideway 9 of being provided with below screen cloth 4, wherein the part of accepting of seedling slideway 8 is positioned at the below of aperture group 5, the bottom of seedling slideway 8 is provided with seedling outlet 9, the below of seedling outlet 9 is provided with seedling container 10, the part of accepting of middle seedling slideway 11 is positioned at the below of mesopore group 6, the bottom of middle seedling slideway 9 is provided with middle seedling outlet 12, in the bottom of screen cloth 4, be provided with seedlings outlet 13, middle seedling outlet 12 and seedlings outlet 13 are staggered in the horizontal mutually, and the outlet 12 of middle seedling and seedlings outlet 13 lay respectively at the middle seedling conveyer belt group 14 that is arranged in frame 1 and the top of seedlings conveyer belt group 15, middle seedling conveyer belt group 14 and seedlings conveyer belt group 15 form by low tape 16 and the fast speed belt 17 of series connection, the speed belt 16 of waiting a moment is arranged in the side near seedling outlet 12 and seedlings outlet 13, at the end of middle seedling conveyer belt group 14 and seedlings conveyer belt group 15 corresponding middle seedling discharging slideway 18 and the seedlings discharging slideway 19 of being provided with respectively, below middle seedling discharging slideway 18 and seedlings discharging slideway 19, be respectively arranged with middle seedling container 20 and seedlings container 21, top at middle seedling discharging slideway 18 and seedlings discharging slideway 19 is also respectively arranged with sensor for countering 22.
The top of described frame 1 is also provided with electronic scale 23 and camera.
Described sensor for countering 22, electronic scale 23 and camera are all controlled by the computer 24 being arranged in frame 1.
Compared with the existing technology, tool has the following advantages in the present invention:
The shellfish seed automatic sorting counting device of this kind of version, its design is ingenious, rationally distributed.Traditional spat sorting only can rely on manual operation to complete, and has the problems such as floor space is large, labour intensity is high, technology is inaccurate, standard disunity, inefficiency.For the problems referred to above, the present invention designs a kind of special structure, it can carry out Isolation and screening to the seed of different size size automatically, and count for middle equal-specification, large size seedling seed wherein, can to sampling spat, carry out the estimation of seed size ratio according to sorting, count results simultaneously, save a large amount of work and time, reduce costs.Therefore can say that it has possessed multiple advantage, be particularly suitable for applying in the art, its market prospects are very wide.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of embodiment of the present invention screen cloth, seedling slideway and middle seedling slideway part.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of seedling conveyer belt group and seedlings conveyer belt group part in the embodiment of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing explanation the specific embodiment of the present invention.As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, shown in Fig. 3: a kind of shellfish seed automatic sorting counting device, comprise a frame 1 that conduct is basic, at the top of frame 1, be provided with workbench 2, in the adjacent frame 1 in workbench 2 sides, offer into seedling mouth 3, this below that enters seedling mouth 3 is provided with tilted-putted screen cloth 4, on screen cloth 4, be disposed with aperture group 5 from top to bottom, mesopore group 6, and every kind of hole group is all by multiple equally distributed, the hole composition of different size, below screen cloth 4, be provided with seedling slideway 8 and middle seedling slideway 9, wherein the part of accepting of seedling slideway 8 is positioned at the below of aperture group 5, the small dimension seed falling from aperture group 5 can be accepted by seedling slideway 8, the bottom of seedling slideway 8 is provided with seedling outlet 9, the below of seedling outlet 9 is provided with seedling container 10, the part of accepting of middle seedling slideway 11 is positioned at the below of mesopore group 6, the middle size seedling seed falling from mesopore group 6 can by seedling slideway 11 accept, the bottom of middle seedling slideway 9 is provided with middle seedling outlet 12, in the bottom of screen cloth 4, be provided with seedlings outlet 13, middle seedling outlet 12 and seedlings outlet 13 are staggered in the horizontal mutually, in frame 1, be provided with middle seedling conveyer belt group 14 and seedlings conveyer belt group 15, described middle seedling conveyer belt group 14 and seedlings conveyer belt group 15 form by low tape 16 and the fast speed belt 17 of series connection mutually, the two drives by two different motors respectively, and low tape 16 is arranged in the side near seedling outlet 12 and seedlings outlet 13, at the end of middle seedling conveyer belt group 14 and seedlings conveyer belt group 15 corresponding middle seedling discharging slideway 18 and the seedlings discharging slideway 19 of being provided with respectively, below middle seedling discharging slideway 18 and seedlings discharging slideway 19, be respectively arranged with middle seedling container 20 and seedlings container 21, top at middle seedling discharging slideway 18 and seedlings discharging slideway 19 is also respectively arranged with sensor for countering 22, and at the top of frame 1, be also provided with electronic scale 23 and camera, and above-mentioned sensor for countering 22, electronic scale 23 and camera are all by being arranged on unified control of computer 24 in frame 1.
The course of work of the shellfish seed automatic sorting counting device of the embodiment of the present invention is as follows: first from spat to be measured, choose at random a part of spat, then this part spat is placed on electronic scale 23 and is weighed, electronic scale 23 by claim weight numerical value be transported in computer 24, after having weighed, the spat for the treatment of sorting is placed on workbench 2, impurity is wherein chosen by artificial mode, then spat is poured on screen cloth 4 by entering seedling mouth 3, spat can fall along the screen cloth 4 tilting, the aperture group 5 that first small dimension spat in spat can arrange through screen cloth 4 the tops falls in seedling slideway 8, and by seedling, export 9 and enter in seedling container 10,
The spat of removing seedling continues to glide, when spat marches to mesopore group 6 place, the spat of middle equal-specification can fall from mesopore group 6, fall on seedling slideway 9, and fall in middle seedling conveyer belt group 14 along middle seedling outlet 12, now first spat can transmit on low tape 16, when spat is gone to the end of low tape 16, can be transported by fast speed belt 17, this conveyor belt design with speed difference is mainly for spat can be sorted one by one, convenient counting work afterwards; Spat is transported to behind the termination of fast speed belt 17, can fall in seedling discharging slideway 18, and finally enter middle seedling container 20, in the process falling spat, corresponding sensor for countering 22 can calculate the quantity of the spat that falls into seedling container 20, and sends it in computer 24;
The spat of having removed middle seedling continues to glide, finally by the seedlings outlet 13 of screen cloth 4 bottoms, fall in seedlings conveyer belt group 15, and after the transmission of low tape 16, fast speed belt 17, fall into seedlings discharging slideway 19, and finally enter in seedlings container 21, in the process falling spat, corresponding sensor for countering 22 can calculate the quantity of the spat that falls into seedlings container 21, and sends it in computer 24;
This computer-chronograph, according to parameters such as the quantity of the quantity of the overall weight of this batch of spat, middle equal-specification spat, large specification spat, calculates automatically, estimates the seed size ratio of tested spat.

Claims (3)

1. a shellfish seed automatic sorting counting device, comprise frame (1), it is characterized in that: at the top of frame (1), be provided with workbench (2), in the frame (1) adjacent with workbench (2), offer into seedling mouth (3), the below that enters seedling mouth (3) is provided with tilted-putted screen cloth (4), on screen cloth (4), be disposed with aperture group (5) from top to bottom, mesopore group (6), every kind of hole group is all comprised of multiple equally distributed holes, parallel with screen cloth (4) seedling slideway (8) and the middle seedling slideway (9) of being provided with in the below of screen cloth (4), wherein the part of accepting of seedling slideway (8) is positioned at the below of aperture group (5), the bottom of seedling slideway (8) is provided with seedling outlet (9), the below of seedling outlet (9) is provided with seedling container (10), the part of accepting of middle seedling slideway (11) is positioned at the below of mesopore group (6), the bottom of middle seedling slideway (9) is provided with middle seedling outlet (12), in the bottom of screen cloth (4), be provided with seedlings outlets (13), middle seedling outlet (12) and seedlings outlets (13) are staggered in the horizontal mutually, and middle seedling outlet (12) and seedlings export (13) and lay respectively at the middle seedling conveyer belt group (14) that is arranged in frame (1) and the top of seedlings conveyer belt group (15), middle seedling conveyer belt group (14) and seedlings conveyer belt group (15) are by low tape (16) and fast speed belt (17) composition of series connection, the speed belt (16) of waiting a moment is arranged in the side near seedling outlet (12) and seedlings outlets (13), at the end of middle seedling conveyer belt group (14) and seedlings conveyer belt group (15) corresponding middle seedling discharging slideway (18) and the seedlings discharging slideway (19) of being provided with respectively, in the below of middle seedling discharging slideway (18) and seedlings discharging slideway (19), be respectively arranged with middle seedling container (20) and seedlings container (21), top at middle seedling discharging slideway (18) and seedlings discharging slideway (19) is also respectively arranged with sensor for countering (22).
2. shellfish seed automatic sorting counting device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the top of described frame (1) is also provided with electronic scale (23) and camera.
3. shellfish seed automatic sorting counting device according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described sensor for countering (22), electronic scale (23) and camera all controlled by the computer (24) being arranged in frame (1).
CN201410010736.7A 2014-01-10 2014-01-10 Shellfish seed automatic sorting counting device Active CN103752495B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN103752495B CN103752495B (en) 2016-02-17

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104430108A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-03-25 浙江海洋学院 Device for crab seedling screening
CN106259131A (en) * 2016-10-14 2017-01-04 烟台大学 A kind of shellfish divides Seedling device

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2127892Y (en) * 1992-07-15 1993-03-10 麻来有 Rolling cylidder sorting machine for chestnut
CN2130036Y (en) * 1992-07-03 1993-04-21 长岛县农业机械厂 Scallop vibration young seed separating machine
KR20050028732A (en) * 2003-09-19 2005-03-23 김윤호 Sorting equipment
FR2866527A1 (en) * 2004-02-25 2005-08-26 Chaudronnerie Tuyauterie Ludon Grape crop sorting table has zones with two different mesh sizes to separate unripe fruit, mature grapes and leaves/stalks
CN201150236Y (en) * 2007-12-21 2008-11-19 漳浦县丰盛食品有限公司 Compact seashell processing device
CN201799418U (en) * 2010-08-19 2011-04-20 福建绿宝食品集团有限公司 Mushroom sorting machine
CN102273420A (en) * 2011-08-25 2011-12-14 大连獐子岛渔业集团股份有限公司 Device for screening scallop seedlings
CN202356317U (en) * 2011-12-12 2012-08-01 湛江新昶食品有限公司 Shrimp sieving machine

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2130036Y (en) * 1992-07-03 1993-04-21 长岛县农业机械厂 Scallop vibration young seed separating machine
CN2127892Y (en) * 1992-07-15 1993-03-10 麻来有 Rolling cylidder sorting machine for chestnut
KR20050028732A (en) * 2003-09-19 2005-03-23 김윤호 Sorting equipment
FR2866527A1 (en) * 2004-02-25 2005-08-26 Chaudronnerie Tuyauterie Ludon Grape crop sorting table has zones with two different mesh sizes to separate unripe fruit, mature grapes and leaves/stalks
CN201150236Y (en) * 2007-12-21 2008-11-19 漳浦县丰盛食品有限公司 Compact seashell processing device
CN201799418U (en) * 2010-08-19 2011-04-20 福建绿宝食品集团有限公司 Mushroom sorting machine
CN102273420A (en) * 2011-08-25 2011-12-14 大连獐子岛渔业集团股份有限公司 Device for screening scallop seedlings
CN202356317U (en) * 2011-12-12 2012-08-01 湛江新昶食品有限公司 Shrimp sieving machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104430108A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-03-25 浙江海洋学院 Device for crab seedling screening
CN106259131A (en) * 2016-10-14 2017-01-04 烟台大学 A kind of shellfish divides Seedling device

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Free format text: CORRECT: INVENTOR; FROM: ZHANG GUANGFA LI QINTAO LI MINGZHI YANG JUNDE ZHANG WEIYING ZHENG JUNHAO TIAN GENG XU MING TO: ZHANG GUANGFA YANG JUNDE

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