CN103749222A - Symbiotic culture method of shrimp, soft-shelled turtle and rice - Google Patents

Symbiotic culture method of shrimp, soft-shelled turtle and rice Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103749222A
CN103749222A CN201310707706.7A CN201310707706A CN103749222A CN 103749222 A CN103749222 A CN 103749222A CN 201310707706 A CN201310707706 A CN 201310707706A CN 103749222 A CN103749222 A CN 103749222A
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China
Prior art keywords
soft
rice
shrimps
shrimp
shelled turtle
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CN201310707706.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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归毛头
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DEQING COUNTY WUYUE AQUATIC PRODUCT CULTURE Co Ltd
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DEQING COUNTY WUYUE AQUATIC PRODUCT CULTURE Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201310707706.7A priority Critical patent/CN103749222A/en
Publication of CN103749222A publication Critical patent/CN103749222A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

A symbiotic culture method of shrimps, soft-shelled turtles and rice comprises the following steps: (a) selecting five or more mu rice fields as a feeding pool of shrimps and soft-shelled turtles, ditching on the periphery of the feeding pool and arranging soft-shelled turtle escape-proof devices on the edges of the ditches at the depth ranging from 80 to 120 centimeters, wherein the percentage of the ditches in the feeding pool is ranging from 20% to 30% per mu; (b) sowing rice seeds in June with the density of rice transplanting ranging from 70% to 80% and managing the rice fields in a conventional way after rice transplanting until the rice is harvested in the first ten-day period of November; (c) breeding shrimp species in a free-range manner, particularly putting shrimps with shrimp eggs weighing 1 to 1.5 kilograms per mu in the rice fields in May and putting baby shrimps weighing 5 to 7.5 kilograms per mu in the rice fields in July; (d) breeding soft-shelled turtle species in a free-range manner, particularly putting in 15 to 25 baby soft-shelled turtles weighing 125 grams to 175 grams per mu in the rice fields in April, collecting and enabling the soft-shelled turtles to come into season at the Spring Festival. The symbiotic culture method of shrimps, soft-shelled turtles and rice is a kind of recycling economy and an environmental-friendly cultivation technique in a high-quality and efficient environment. Accordingly, freshwater shrimps are fed in the rice fields, soft-shelled turtles are put in a shrimp feeding pool, the shrimps eat injurious insects in the rice fields, the soft-shelled turtles eat baby shrimps bred by the shrimps and feces of the shrimps are absorbed by the rice. The symbiotic culture method is a high-quality, efficient and clean culture production chain.

Description

One seed shrimp soft-shelled turtle rice symbiosis cultural method
Technical field
What the present invention relates to is a seed shrimp soft-shelled turtle rice symbiosis cultural method, belongs to shrimp soft-shelled turtle artificial culture technology field.
Background technology
The existing artificial technology such as shrimp or foster soft-shelled turtle of supporting are quite ripe, the quality height that is nothing but shrimp that different cultural techniques cultivates or soft-shelled turtle is different, developed at present the mixed breed of shrimp and soft-shelled turtle, this mixed culturing technology is mainly to utilize the growth characteristics of shrimp and soft-shelled turtle to formulate, as soft-shelled turtle mainly creeps at pond bottom, and prawn lives in the middle lower floor of water body, shrimp soft-shelled turtle is raised together with effective vertical space that utilizes pond; Aspect feeding habits, the soft-shelled turtle bulky grain feed of only eating, residue, the powder of prawn edible soft-shelled turtle material, can save feed cost, reduces food pollution, purifies water.In addition, soft-shelled turtle ingest disease shrimp, dead shrimp, effectively removed the source of infection of disease of prawn, reduced the incidence of disease of prawn.Meanwhile, soft-shelled turtle chasing in the process of ingesting, is conducive to shrimp and builds up health.
But existing shrimp soft-shelled turtle mixed cultivation method exists the difference of the aspects such as concrete cultivation step, that is to say that the quality that different cultural methods obtains ripe shrimp soft-shelled turtle also exists difference, the height of this quality is embodied in size of survival rate, aquaculture cost, ripe shrimp soft-shelled turtle etc.What present shrimp soft-shelled turtle cultural technique was pursued is the shrimp soft-shelled turtle cultural technique of high-quality, to obtain maximum economic benefit.
Adopt existing cultural technique to support separately shrimp and foster soft-shelled turtle, its economic benefit is as follows:
Common monoculture freshwater shrimp, two seasons were produced 70 jin of mus of specification shrimp, 3500 yuan of mus of the output value, 60 jin of mus of shrimp, 1200 yuan of mus of the output value; 4700 yuan of mus of the output value, 1300 yuan of mus of profit;
Common monoculture soft-shelled turtle, 1000 jin of mus of output, 18000 yuan of mus of the output value, 15000 yuan of mus of aquaculture cost, 3000 yuan of mus of profit.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiency that prior art exists, and provide a kind of that on prior art basis, improve, can effectively improve cultivation level, economize on resources, reduce aquaculture cost, improve the shrimp soft-shelled turtle rice symbiosis cultural method of cultivation usefulness.
The object of the invention is to complete by following technical solution, described shrimp soft-shelled turtle rice symbiosis cultural method, it comprises:
A, select 5 mu of above rice fields as shrimp soft-shelled turtle cultivating pool, in this cultivating pool surrounding ditching and arrange the anti-facility of escaping of soft-shelled turtle on limit; According to every mu of pond, dig 20-30% ditch, 80-120 centimetres of ditch depths;
B, in June, carry out the sowing of paddy rice, density of transplants, 70-80%, is carried out normal field management after rice transplanting, until early November paddy rice ripe and harvested;
C, shrimp species are put in a suitable place to breed, in May, according to every mu of rice field, put in a suitable place to breed and embrace 2-3 jin of seed shrimps; Or every mu of July, put 10-15 jin of shrimps in a suitable place to breed;
D, soft-shelled turtle kind are put in a suitable place to breed, put 20 of the young soft-shelled turtles of 3 liang of left and right in a suitable place to breed in every mu of April, can receive the Spring Festival and catch listing then.
Shrimp soft-shelled turtle rice symbiosis cultural technique of the present invention is a kind of recycling economy, it is the friendly type cultural technique under high-quality and efficient environment, by freshwater shrimp is supported in rice field, soft-shelled turtle is placed in shrimp pond, shrimp eats the insect in rice field, soft-shelled turtle eats the shrimp that prawn hatches out, and the ight soil of rice absorbing shrimp is the clean breeding production chain of a kind of high-quality and high-efficiency.Generally there is following per mu yield output: paddy rice: 700-800 jin, go out 400-500 jin, rice;
Freshwater shrimp: 70-100 jin;
Soft-shelled turtle: 20 jin.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is done to detailed introduction: shrimp soft-shelled turtle rice symbiosis cultural method of the present invention, it mainly comprises:
A, select 5 mu of above rice fields as shrimp soft-shelled turtle cultivating pool, in this cultivating pool surrounding ditching and arrange the anti-facility of escaping of soft-shelled turtle on limit; According to every mu of pond, dig 20-30% ditch, 80-120 centimetres of ditch depths;
B, in June, carry out the sowing of paddy rice, density of transplants, 70-80%, is carried out normal field management after rice transplanting, until early November paddy rice ripe and harvested;
C, shrimp species are put in a suitable place to breed, in May, according to every mu of rice field, put in a suitable place to breed and embrace 2-3 jin of seed shrimps; Or every mu of July, put 10-15 jin of shrimps in a suitable place to breed;
D, soft-shelled turtle kind are put in a suitable place to breed, only put the young soft-shelled turtle 15-25 of 2.5-3.5 two in a suitable place to breed in every mu of April, can receive the Spring Festival and catch listing then.
Embodiment 1
Shrimp soft-shelled turtle rice symbiosis cultural method of the present invention, it mainly comprises:
A, select 5 mu of rice fields as shrimp soft-shelled turtle cultivating pool, in this cultivating pool surrounding ditching and arrange the anti-facility of escaping of soft-shelled turtle on limit; According to every mu of pond, dig 20% ditch, 80 centimetres of ditch depths;
B, in early June (1-9 days), carry out the sowing of paddy rice, density of transplants, 80%, is carried out normal field management after rice transplanting, until November (1-10) paddy rice ripe and harvested;
C, shrimp species are put in a suitable place to breed, in the first tenday period of a month in May (1-9 days), according to every mu of rice field, put in a suitable place to breed and embrace 2 jin of seed shrimps; Or by every mu, put 10 jin of shrimps in early July (1-9 days) in a suitable place to breed;
D, soft-shelled turtle kind are put in a suitable place to breed, and early April (1-9 days) is put 15 of the young soft-shelled turtles of 2.5 liang in a suitable place to breed by every mu, can receive the Spring Festival and catch listing then.
Embodiment 2, shrimp soft-shelled turtle rice symbiosis cultural method of the present invention, it mainly comprises:
A, select 8 mu of rice fields as shrimp soft-shelled turtle cultivating pool, in this cultivating pool surrounding ditching and arrange the anti-facility of escaping of soft-shelled turtle on limit; According to every mu of pond, dig 30% ditch, 120 centimetres of ditch depths;
B, in mid-June (10-19 days), carry out the sowing of paddy rice, density of transplants, 70%, is carried out normal field management after rice transplanting, until early November paddy rice ripe and harvested;
C, shrimp species are put in a suitable place to breed, mid-May (10-19 days), according to every mu of rice field, put in a suitable place to breed and embrace 3 jin of seed shrimps; Or by every mu, put 15 jin of shrimps in mid-July (10-19 days) in a suitable place to breed;
D, soft-shelled turtle kind are put in a suitable place to breed, and put the young soft-shelled turtle 25 of 3.5 liang by every mu mid-April (10-19 days), can receive the Spring Festival and catch listing then.
Embodiment 3, shrimp soft-shelled turtle rice symbiosis cultural method of the present invention, it mainly comprises:
A, select 10 mu of rice fields as shrimp soft-shelled turtle cultivating pool, in this cultivating pool surrounding ditching and arrange the anti-facility of escaping of soft-shelled turtle on limit; According to every mu of pond, dig 25% ditch, 100 centimetres of ditch depths;
B, in late June (20-30 days), part carry out the sowing of paddy rice, density of transplants, 75%, is carried out normal field management after rice transplanting, until early November paddy rice ripe and harvested;
C, shrimp species are put in a suitable place to breed, late May (20-30 days), according to every mu of rice field, put in a suitable place to breed and embrace 2.5 jin of seed shrimps; Or by every mu, put 12 jin of shrimps in late July (20-30 days) in a suitable place to breed;
D, soft-shelled turtle kind are put in a suitable place to breed, and late April (20-30 days) is put 20 of the young soft-shelled turtles of 3 liang in a suitable place to breed by every mu, can receive the Spring Festival and catch listing then.

Claims (1)

1. a seed shrimp soft-shelled turtle rice symbiosis cultural method, is characterized in that: it mainly comprises:
A, select 5 mu of above rice fields as shrimp soft-shelled turtle cultivating pool, in this cultivating pool surrounding ditching and arrange the anti-facility of escaping of soft-shelled turtle on limit; According to every mu of pond, dig 20-30% ditch, 80-120 centimetres of ditch depths;
B, in June, carry out the sowing of paddy rice, density of transplants, 70-80%, is carried out normal field management after rice transplanting, until early November paddy rice ripe and harvested;
C, shrimp species are put in a suitable place to breed, in May, according to every mu of rice field, put in a suitable place to breed and embrace 2-3 jin of seed shrimps; Or every mu of July, put 10-15 jin of shrimps in a suitable place to breed;
D, soft-shelled turtle kind are put in a suitable place to breed, only put the young soft-shelled turtle 15-25 of 2.5-3.5 two left and right in a suitable place to breed in every mu of April, can receive the Spring Festival and catch listing then.
CN201310707706.7A 2013-12-20 2013-12-20 Symbiotic culture method of shrimp, soft-shelled turtle and rice Pending CN103749222A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104082241A (en) * 2014-06-23 2014-10-08 胡宏处 Rice field soft-shelled turtle ecologically breeding method
CN105850790A (en) * 2016-03-17 2016-08-17 汪翔 Domestication method for soft-shelled turtle in rice field
CN106135085A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-11-23 咸宁市农业科学院 One seed shrimp Trionyx sinensis Wiegmann rice continuous cropping ecological cultivation method
CN106386305A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 陈冬林 Procambarus clarkii, soft-shelled turtle and rice integral planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing grain income and increasing fishery income
CN106386603A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 陈冬林 One-season early rice and two-season freshwater shrimp rotation planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing grain income and increasing fishery income
CN106614182A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-10 全椒县花溪湖特种水产专业合作社 Culture method for freshwater shrimp and soft-shelled turtle polyculture
CN108901960A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-30 淮阴师范学院 A kind of rice shrimp soft-shelled turtle symbiosis high-efficiency low-carbon agricultural breeding method
CN112655619A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-16 南县泽水居农业有限公司 Ecological planting and breeding method for co-breeding rice and shrimp

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CN102369890A (en) * 2010-08-10 2012-03-14 胡政伟 Mimic-ecological cultivating method for fishes, turtles and shrimps
CN103348890A (en) * 2013-07-29 2013-10-16 湖北省水产技术推广中心 Method for comprehensively raising various types of aquatic livestock and cultivating paddy in paddy field

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CN101720686A (en) * 2009-12-07 2010-06-09 浙江省水产技术推广总站 Pond polyculture method of Chinese fresh-water turtle Japanese strain and Litopenaeus vannamei Boone
CN102369890A (en) * 2010-08-10 2012-03-14 胡政伟 Mimic-ecological cultivating method for fishes, turtles and shrimps
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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104082241A (en) * 2014-06-23 2014-10-08 胡宏处 Rice field soft-shelled turtle ecologically breeding method
CN105850790A (en) * 2016-03-17 2016-08-17 汪翔 Domestication method for soft-shelled turtle in rice field
CN105850790B (en) * 2016-03-17 2018-11-13 汪翔 A kind of rice field soft-shelled turtle domesticating method
CN106135085A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-11-23 咸宁市农业科学院 One seed shrimp Trionyx sinensis Wiegmann rice continuous cropping ecological cultivation method
CN106386305A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 陈冬林 Procambarus clarkii, soft-shelled turtle and rice integral planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing grain income and increasing fishery income
CN106386603A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 陈冬林 One-season early rice and two-season freshwater shrimp rotation planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing grain income and increasing fishery income
CN106614182A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-05-10 全椒县花溪湖特种水产专业合作社 Culture method for freshwater shrimp and soft-shelled turtle polyculture
CN106614182B (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-12-26 全椒县花溪湖特种水产专业合作社 A kind of cultural method of freshwater shrimp and soft-shelled turtle mixed breeding
CN108901960A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-30 淮阴师范学院 A kind of rice shrimp soft-shelled turtle symbiosis high-efficiency low-carbon agricultural breeding method
CN112655619A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-16 南县泽水居农业有限公司 Ecological planting and breeding method for co-breeding rice and shrimp

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Application publication date: 20140430