CN103743534A - Testing device for dynamic characteristic model of water soluble cavity construction pipe column of salt cavern oil storage tank - Google Patents

Testing device for dynamic characteristic model of water soluble cavity construction pipe column of salt cavern oil storage tank Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103743534A
CN103743534A CN201410015250.2A CN201410015250A CN103743534A CN 103743534 A CN103743534 A CN 103743534A CN 201410015250 A CN201410015250 A CN 201410015250A CN 103743534 A CN103743534 A CN 103743534A
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chamber
making
joint
water
make
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CN103743534B (en
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李银平
王兵武
施锡林
刘伟
杨春和
马洪岭
刘正友
卢青峰
马旭强
郭巍
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Wuhan Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics of CAS
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Wuhan Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics of CAS
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Abstract

The invention discloses a testing device for a dynamic model of a water soluble cavity construction pipe column of a salt cavern oil storage tank. A cylinder is connected with one end of a water inlet pipe; the water inlet pipe is arranged on a peristaltic pump; a pulsation damper and a flow meter are connected to the middle of the other end of the water inlet pipe respectively; the end part of the other end of the water inlet pipe is connected with an upper connector of a cavity entry joint, is coated with industrial glue and is sealed; one end of a water drain pipe stretches into the cylinder, and the other end of the water drain pipe is connected with a side connector of the cavity entry joint, is coated with the industrial glue and is sealed; the cavity entry joint is connected with an upper cover of an organic glass cavity, is fixed through screws, is coated with the industrial glue and is sealed; an inner cavity construction pipe is connected with a lower connector of the cavity entry joint. The device is simple in structure and convenient to operate, can be used for researching the influences of self-excited vibration and dynamic instability on the inner cavity construction pipe and an outer cavity construction pipe caused by factors such as water flow speed in a cavity construction process, and provides a more real technical guidance for design of cavity construction process parameters; the water flow rate can be precisely and stably regulated, and can be accurately obtained and monitored.

Description

The water-soluble lumen post kinematic behavior model test apparatus of making of a kind of salt cave storage tank farm
Technical field
The present invention relates to the water-soluble chamber technical field of making of rock salt, the solution mining that is specifically related to a kind of salt cave storage tank farm is made the test unit of making the physical simulation of lumen post kinematic behavior in the process of chamber, more specifically relates to and the water-soluble laboratory testing rig of making the field that chamber is relevant of salt mine solution mining, the construction of radioactive waste underground storage and rock salt bank.
Background technology
In rock salt cave, deep, carrying out oil, rock gas and high radioactive nucleus waste material underground storage is domestic and international generally acknowledged ideal style.In rock salt stratum, build at present bank and generally adopt individual well lubricating pad convection current method solution mining.While making chamber, will make chamber inner tube, to make chamber outer tube nested successively with production casing, makes cover outside the inner tube of chamber and make chamber outer tube, makes outside the outer tube of chamber and overlap production casing, form and make lumen column system.Make chamber light (halogen) water and inject cavity through making chamber inner tube (or make chamber inner tube and make the annular space part between the outer tube of chamber), in chamber, bittern is discharged ground from the annular space part (or making chamber inner tube) of making chamber inner tube and make between the outer tube of chamber, the mobile continuous corrosion of unsaturation bittern chamber wall rock salt, enlarged cavities volume gradually; Make and between chamber outer tube and production casing, be full of diesel oil or other liquid, descending formation lubricating pad layer separates light bittern and top, chamber rock salt to suppress upper molten and impel cavity cross side molten, or the up lubricating pad layer of removing makes light bittern lysing chamber top rock salt, allow upwards corrosion of cavity, thereby form the cavity of ideal form.
Make rock salt stratum, chamber and be generally positioned between 500 ~ 2000 meters, make chamber inner tube and make chamber outer tube and generally from ground well head, freely overhang to Underground Dissolved Cavity, because of well workover and cavity testing requirement, make chamber inner tube and make any support is not set between the outer tube of chamber.Actual, make in the process of chamber, because making the accident that chamber inner tube breakage causes, happen occasionally, as make chamber inner tube flexural deformation, string collar damage etc., all can increase and make chamber cost, extend the duration, even cause Important Project accident.Research shows, make lumen post the autovibration of restricted clearance and dynamic buckling be cause tubing string occur serious flexural deformation or damaged main cause (Li Yinping, Yang Chun and etc., salt cave oil storage (gas) storehouse is water-soluble makes the pre-test of lumen post kinematic behavior).
At present in published patent related to the present invention: a kind of physical experiments device of can many interlayers of observation and analysis rock salt making chamber process has been invented in " a kind of simulate many interlayers rock salt geologic condition make chamber model test apparatus " (old knot, Zhang Deyi etc., 2012); " the visual physical simulation in chamber and morphology Control experimental provision are made in many interlayers salt cave " (Li Jianzhong, Zhang Yuwen etc., 2012) invent a kind of many interlayers salt cave and made the visual physical simulation in chamber and morphology Control experimental provision, the monitored physical simulation that can realize rock salt and make chamber process, also can carry out the make chamber process molten chamber Variation Regularity of Morphological Characteristics research of many interlayers rock salt under many coupling conditions simultaneously; The research of rock salt gas storage solution mining mechanism can be carried out in " rock salt gas storage solution mining simulating device " (Yuan Guangjie, Ban Fansheng etc., 2009), analyzes and makes chamber influence factor, carries out water-solublely making chamber parameter optimization and providing guidance to engineering application.
Although carried out much making to salt cave bank the experimental study that chamber is relevant at present, these are studied mainly for the physical simulation of making chamber process and cavern shape control, all do not relate to and make the model investigation of making lumen post kinematic behavior in the process of chamber.The present invention is mainly for making autovibration and the dynamic buckling phenomenon of making lumen post in the process of chamber, utilize peristaltic pump provide can adjust flux current, adopt the constant water flow of pulsation damper filtered water stream pulse, and by certain ratio of similitude, adopt multiple pipe string combination to simulate to make lumen post, in order to research, make water velocity in the process of chamber to the impact of making chamber inner tube and making chamber outer tube autovibration and dynamic buckling, take model investigation as basis, binding isotherm research is made chamber engineering for scene provides more reliable and full and accurate Technical Reference.
Summary of the invention
For rock salt stratum is water-soluble, make the engineering problem that the drilling pipe bending distortion that occurs in chamber, the autovibration such as damaged and dynamic buckling cause, the object of the invention is to be to provide a kind of salt cave storage tank farm the water-soluble lumen post kinematic behavior model test apparatus of making.This apparatus structure is simple, easy to operate, and water flow can accuracy controlling and be stable, can Obtaining Accurate and monitoring.This device can be simulated the actual dynamic phenomenon of making the generation in bittern flows of lumen post in the engineering of chamber of making more really, utilize peristaltic pump, pulsation damper to provide the flow can accuracy controlling and the current of stability of flow, guarantee that test can truly reflect the inducement that causes tubing string autovibration or dynamic buckling, thereby make in the engineering of chamber tubing string and destroys the accident causing more reliable, technical support are in more detail provided for evading.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention has adopted following technical scheme:
The water-soluble lumen post kinematic behavior model test apparatus of making of a kind of analog salt cave storage tank farm, comprises drum, peristaltic pump, pulsation damper, flowmeter, peristaltic pump tube, enters chamber joint, makes chamber inner tube, makes chamber outer tube, the parts such as organic glass cavity.It is characterized in that: water inlet pipe is arranged on peristaltic pump, and water inlet pipe one end is stretched in the water in drum, water inlet pipe other end middle part connects pulsation damper and flowmeter, and receive into joint upper interface place, chamber water inlet pipe end; Drainpipe (thin-walled silicone tube) one end is stretched in the water in drum, and the drainpipe other end is received the interface into chamber joint sidepiece; The drainpipe other end with enter chamber joint sidepiece joint and be connected and smear the sealing of industrial gluing; Enter chamber joint and be connected with organic glass cavity upper cover, with screw, fix and smear industrial gluing sealing; According to following simulated experiment step, make chamber inner tube (or make chamber inner tube and make the nested combination of chamber outer tube) and enter joint bottom, chamber interface and be connected, making lumen post lower end freely overhangs to cavity, organic glass cavity upper cover is arranged on cavity and with screw and is fixed, smear appropriate industrial gluing sealing.According to test procedure, connect the different lumen column combinations of making entering joint bottom, chamber interface.Enter chamber joint and tubing string junction, coating industrial gluing sealing.
Adopt peristaltic pump to provide and make chamber flow dynamic, regulate peristaltic pump to control and make chamber water flow, observe the factors such as different water flows and tubing string rigidity on making the impact of lumen post kinematic behavior, obtain the critical flow velocity while causing tubing string generation flutter, counter the pushing away and amendatory formula of data of utilizing test to obtain; Adopt pulsation damper, filter the stream impulse producing in peristaltic pump water supply process, make water flow constant and stable; Utilize flowmeter, to making the flow of chamber current, read and monitor, make to test the data of making progress and obtain more reliable.
Enter chamber joint and adopt T-shaped, entering chamber joint connects respectively water inlet pipe, drainpipe and makes chamber inner and outer tubes pipe string combination, smear the sealing of industrial gluing entering chamber joint and tubing string joint, enter chamber joint and can be fixed on organic glass cavity with screw and nut and cover, can select that rubber washer is set between the two and prevent seepage; In organic glass cavity, making lumen post can adopt thin-walled silicone tube, peristaltic pump tube and ultra-thin-wall brass tube to be connected according to test procedure, simulate respectively making chamber inner tube and making the nested combination of chamber outer tube of different tubings, on tubing string, terminate at into joint bottom, chamber interface, smearing industrial gluing sealing, vertically dangles in lower end in cavity.
Drum is made chamber fresh water used and for storing cavity draining for providing; Peristaltic pump is for providing the power of making chamber water circulation, and from drum, by the certain flow injection cavity that draws water, in cavity, water enters in drum by making lumen after full; Pulsation damper is for filtering the stream impulse that peristaltic pump causes, constant flow rate of water flow; Flowmeter is used for obtaining and monitoring water flow; Enter chamber joint for connecting water inlet pipe, drainpipe, making chamber inner tube and make chamber outer tube, and be fixed on cavity and cover, suitably sealing; Peristaltic pump tube is arranged on peristaltic pump, for water circulation provides power; Make chamber inner tube and make chamber outer tube (peristaltic pump tube, thin-walled silicone tube, ultra-thin-wall brass tube) and be mainly used in into draining and study the kinematic behavior of making lumen post under different in flow rate; Cavity is used for storing water.
The current that utilize peristaltic pump to provide flow to regulate, utilize pulsation damper to filter the pulse that peristaltic pump causes, with the flow of constant current, utilize flowmeter to obtain and monitor water flow simultaneously.Test adopts multiple pipe string combination to simulate according to certain ratio of similitude and makes lumen post, in order to research, make the factors such as water velocity in the process of chamber to the impact of making chamber inner tube and making chamber outer tube autovibration and dynamic buckling, thereby find out the reason (as the impact of the factors such as critical flow flow, tubing string bendind rigidity) that this class problem occurs, to evade, make chamber accident or failure, and provide more real technological guidance for making chamber process parameters design.Apparatus of the present invention are easy and simple to handle, accurately and reliably.
The present invention compared with prior art, has the following advantages and effect:
1, this device designs by ratio of similitude, select the tubing of suitable dimension and rigidity to make the autovibration of tubing string under flow action and the model investigation of dynamic buckling in the process of chamber, can reflect more truly and make the kinematic behavior of tubing string under flow action in chamber, viewed physical phenomenon and the result obtaining meet the similar phenomenon occurring in engineering reality substantially;
2, in order to study the impact of making lumen post kinematic behavior under different in flow rate, the present invention has adopted the peristaltic pump that can accurately control flow to supply water, the peristaltic pump flow control scope of selecting is 0.01 ~ 1200mL/min, control accuracy is 0.01mL/min, and apparatus of the present invention utilize pulsation damper to carry out filtered water stream pulse with constant flow rate of water flow, utilize flowmeter to obtain and monitor water flow, thereby test can be carried out in interference still less, more stable environment;
3, the present invention is made and in the process of chamber, is made the chatter phenomenon of lumen post under flow action and different pipe string combination by research, draw and cause the critical flow flow of tubing string autovibration and dynamic buckling and the impact of tubing string rigidity, can optimize the construction parameter design of making chamber injection flow, thereby provide technical support for actual salt cave oil storage (gas) storehouse design and construction and process control parameter optimal design.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the water-soluble structural representation of making lumen post kinematic behavior model test apparatus of a kind of salt cave storage tank farm;
Fig. 2 is that one enters chamber joint and tubing string sectional view;
Fig. 3 is that one enters chamber joint elevation drawing.
Wherein: (1)-drum; (2)-peristaltic pump (as BTC-300CA/153Yx type); (3)-pulsation damper (as AJD ZNG-0.35L type); (4)-flowmeter (as USN-HE06PA 6mm type); (5)-enter chamber joint; (6)-water inlet pipe (peristaltic pump tube); (7)--drainpipe; (8)-make chamber inner tube (thin-walled silicone tube or ultra-thin-wall brass tube); (9)-make chamber outer tube (thin-walled silicone tube or peristaltic pump tube); (10)-organic glass cavity.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, the water-soluble lumen post kinematic behavior model test apparatus of making of a kind of salt cave storage tank farm, it by drum 1, peristaltic pump 2, pulsation damper 3, flowmeter 4, enter chamber joint 5, water inlet pipe 6(peristaltic pump tube), drainpipe 7(thin-walled silicone tube), make chamber inner tube 8(thin-walled silicone tube or ultra-thin-wall brass tube), make chamber outer tube 9(thin-walled silicone tube or peristaltic pump tube) and the parts such as organic glass cavity 10 form.Its annexation is: in drum 1, fill suitable quantity of water, drum 1 is connected with water inlet pipe 6 one end; Water inlet pipe 6 is arranged on peristaltic pump 2, water inlet pipe 6 other ends middle parts respectively with connect pulsation damper 3 and flowmeter 4, water inlet pipe 6 Yu Ru chamber, other end end joint 5 upper interface connect and smear industrial gluing and seal; Drainpipe 7 one end are stretched in drum 1, drainpipe 7 other ends with enter chamber joint 5 sidepiece joints and be connected and smear the sealing of industrial gluing; Enter chamber joint 5 and be connected with organic glass cavity 10 upper covers, with screw, fix and smear industrial gluing sealing.According to following simulated experiment step, make chamber inner tube 8(or make chamber inner tube 8 and make the nested combination of chamber outer tube 9) with enter chamber joint 5 bottom interfaces and be connected, make chamber inner tube 8(or make chamber inner tube 8 and make the nested combination of chamber outer tube 9) lower end freely overhang to organic glass cavity 10, the upper cover of organic glass cavity 10 is arranged on organic glass cavity 10 and with screw and is fixed, smear appropriate industrial gluing sealing.
Adopt peristaltic pump 2 to provide and make chamber flow dynamic, regulate peristaltic pump 2 to control and make chamber water flow, observe the factors such as different water flows and tubing string rigidity on making the impact of lumen post kinematic behavior, obtain the critical flow velocity while causing tubing string generation flutter, counter the pushing away and amendatory formula of data of utilizing test to obtain; Adopt pulsation damper 3, filter the stream impulse producing in peristaltic pump 2 water supply processes, make water flow constant and stable; Utilize flowmeter 4, to making the flow of chamber current, read and monitor, make to test the data of making progress and obtain more reliable.
Enter chamber joint 5 and adopt T-shaped, entering chamber joint 5 connects respectively water inlet pipe 6, drainpipe 7 and makes lumen post (make chamber inner tube 8 and make chamber outer tube 9 tubing strings), smear the sealing of industrial gluing entering chamber joint 5 and tubing string joint, enter chamber joint 5 and can be fixed on organic glass cavity 10 with screw and nut and cover, can select that rubber washer is set between the two and prevent seepage; In organic glass cavity 10, making lumen post can adopt according to test procedure and make chamber inner tube 8, make chamber inner tube 8 and make the nested combination of chamber outer tube 9 and be connected, simulate respectively making chamber inner tube 8 and making the nested combination of chamber outer tube 9 of different tubings, making chamber inner tube 8 is connected on respectively into chamber joint 5 bottom interfaces with the upper end of making chamber outer tube 9, smear industrial gluing sealing, make chamber inner tube 8 and vertically dangle in organic glass cavity 10 with the lower end of making chamber outer tube 9.
The step of carrying out tubing string kinematic behavior model test by this device is as follows:
one,, without making chamber outer tube 9, make chamber inner tube 8 without the lower power flutter simulation experiment of constraint.
Do not consider to make the space constraint of chamber outer tube, by making chamber inner tube 8, be reduced to from molten chamber top board until the Cantilevered Fluid Conveying Pipe in molten chamber.Chamber inner tube 8 length of making of dangling are 750mm, and the thin-walled silicone tube of connecting external diameter 9mm, internal diameter 8mm and external diameter 8mm, internal diameter 7.6mm ultra-thin-wall brass tube are tested respectively; Make in chamber inner tube 8 and terminate at into chamber joint 5 bottom interfaces, the lower end of making chamber inner tube 8 freely vertically overhangs in organic glass cavity 10 inside.Only considering under the prerequisite of inner tube cantilever segment, by regulating peristaltic pump 2 water supply flows, research causes makes the critical flow velocity of chamber inner tube 8 flutters and the impact of tubing string rigidity.
Two, cantilever segment is made that chamber outer tube 9 retrains but under outer tube unconfined condition, is made the 8 power flutter simulations experiments of chamber inner tube.
Consider to make the 9 space constraint effects of chamber outer tube, by making lumen road, be reduced to making chamber inner tube 8 and making chamber outer tube 9 sleeve combination Cantilevered Fluid Conveying Pipes from molten chamber top board to inside, molten chamber, inner tube is slightly longer than outer tube.Cantilever segment is made chamber outer tube 9 and is selected thin-walled silicone tube, length 500mm, external diameter 14mm, internal diameter 13mm; Making chamber inner tube 8 length is 750mm, and the thin-walled silicone tube of connecting external diameter 9mm, internal diameter 8mm and external diameter 8mm, internal diameter 7.6mm ultra-thin-wall brass tube are tested respectively; Make chamber inner tube 8 and make that outer tube 9 upper ends in chamber are nested to be connected on into chamber joint 5 bottom interfaces, lower end freely vertically overhangs in organic glass cavity 10 inside.Cantilever segment is made 8 athletic meeting of chamber inner tube and is subject to making the space constraint of chamber outer tube 9, and the vibration of making chamber outer tube 9 can not be restricted.Under this condition, regulate peristaltic pump 2 water supply flows, research causes critical flow velocity and the tubing string stiffness effect of making 8 flutters of chamber inner tube.
Three, cantilever segment is made chamber outer tube 9 and is retrained and make chamber outer tube 9 motion and be tied under condition, makes the 8 power flutter simulations tests of chamber inner tube.
Consider that production casing is to making the space constraint of chamber outer tube and making chamber outer tube to making the space constraint of chamber inner tube, pipeline combination is reduced to making chamber inner tube 8 and making chamber outer tube 9 sleeve combination Cantilevered Fluid Conveying Pipes from molten chamber top board to inside, molten chamber, makes chamber inner tube 8 and be slightly longer than and make chamber outer tube 9.Cantilever segment is made chamber outer tube 9 and is selected peristaltic pump tube, length 500mm, external diameter 20mm, internal diameter 13mm; Making chamber inner tube 8 length is 750mm, and the thin-walled silicone tube of connecting external diameter 9mm, internal diameter 8mm and external diameter 8mm, internal diameter 7.6mm ultra-thin-wall brass tube are tested respectively; Make chamber inner tube 8 and to make chamber outer tube 9 nested, above terminate at into chamber joint 5 bottom interfaces, lower end freely vertically overhangs in organic glass cavity 10 inside.The athletic meeting that cantilever segment is made chamber inner tube 8 is subject to making the space constraint of chamber outer tube 9, and makes chamber outer tube 9 and have larger rigidity, under test condition, flutter can not occur.Under this condition, regulate peristaltic pump 2 water supply flows, research causes critical flow velocity and the tubing string stiffness effect of making 8 flutters of chamber inner tube.

Claims (3)

1. the water-soluble lumen post dynamic model test device of making of salt cave storage tank farm, it comprises drum (1), peristaltic pump (2), pulsation damper (3), flowmeter (4), enters chamber joint (5), water inlet pipe (6), drainpipe (7), makes chamber inner tube (8), makes chamber outer tube (9) and organic glass cavity (10), it is characterized in that: drum (1) is connected with water inlet pipe (6) one end; It is upper that water inlet pipe (6) is arranged on peristaltic pump (2), and water inlet pipe (6) other end middle part connects respectively pulsation damper (3) and flowmeter (4), and water inlet pipe (6) other end end Yu Ru chamber joint (5) upper interface connects and smears industrial gluing and seals; Drainpipe (7) one end is stretched in drum (1), drainpipe (7) other end with enter chamber joint (5) sidepiece joint and be connected and smear the sealing of industrial gluing; Enter chamber joint (5) and be connected with organic glass cavity (10) upper cover, with screw, fix and smear the sealing of industrial gluing, make chamber inner tube (8) and enter chamber joint (5) bottom interface and be connected.
2. the water-soluble lumen post dynamic model test device of making of a kind of salt according to claim 1 cave storage tank farm, it is characterized in that: the described chamber joint (5) that enters adopts T-shaped, entering chamber joint (5) connects respectively water inlet pipe (6), drainpipe (7) and makes lumen post, smear the sealing of industrial gluing entering chamber joint (5) and tubing string joint, enter chamber joint (5) and can be fixed on organic glass cavity (10) with screw and nut and cover.
3. the water-soluble lumen post dynamic model test device of making of a kind of salt according to claim 1 cave storage tank farm, it is characterized in that: in described organic glass cavity (10), make the employing of lumen post and make chamber inner tube (8), make chamber inner tube (8) and make nested being connected of chamber outer tube (9), the upper end of making chamber inner tube (8) and making chamber outer tube (9) is connected on respectively into chamber joint (5) bottom interface, smearing the sealing of industrial gluing, vertically dangles in the lower end of making chamber inner tube (8) and making chamber outer tube (9) in organic glass cavity (10).
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CN107860540A (en) * 2017-11-14 2018-03-30 中国石油大学(华东) Stream self-excited vibration experiment simulator in a kind of multipurpose deep water test string
CN107860540B (en) * 2017-11-14 2019-02-01 中国石油大学(华东) A kind of multipurpose deep water test string is interior to flow self-excited vibration experiment simulator
CN107939444A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-04-20 中盐金坛盐化有限责任公司 A kind of casing programme and installation and application that chamber is made for salt hole air reserved storeroom
CN108180040A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-06-19 中盐金坛盐化有限责任公司 A kind of salt hole air reserved storeroom dual string makes cavity method
CN111257209A (en) * 2020-01-23 2020-06-09 中国矿业大学 Experimental device for simulating corrosion effect of saturated brine in waste salt cavern on top plate

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