CN103737439A - Polishing machine for outer ring end faces of bearings - Google Patents

Polishing machine for outer ring end faces of bearings Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103737439A
CN103737439A CN201310692056.3A CN201310692056A CN103737439A CN 103737439 A CN103737439 A CN 103737439A CN 201310692056 A CN201310692056 A CN 201310692056A CN 103737439 A CN103737439 A CN 103737439A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
installing plate
guide rail
polishing
bearing
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Granted
Application number
CN201310692056.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103737439B (en
Inventor
吕咏奇
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HAINING QI SHENG BEARING Co Ltd
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HAINING QI SHENG BEARING Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201310692056.3A priority Critical patent/CN103737439B/en
Publication of CN103737439A publication Critical patent/CN103737439A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B7/00Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor
    • B24B7/10Single-purpose machines or devices
    • B24B7/16Single-purpose machines or devices for grinding end-faces, e.g. of gauges, rollers, nuts, piston rings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B7/00Machines or devices designed for grinding plane surfaces on work, including polishing plane glass surfaces; Accessories therefor
    • B24B7/10Single-purpose machines or devices
    • B24B7/16Single-purpose machines or devices for grinding end-faces, e.g. of gauges, rollers, nuts, piston rings
    • B24B7/17Single-purpose machines or devices for grinding end-faces, e.g. of gauges, rollers, nuts, piston rings for simultaneously grinding opposite and parallel end faces, e.g. double disc grinders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B9/00Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor
    • B24B9/02Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground
    • B24B9/04Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor characterised by a special design with respect to properties of materials specific to articles to be ground of metal, e.g. skate blades
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/0076Other grinding machines or devices grinding machines comprising two or more grinding tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/005Feeding or manipulating devices specially adapted to grinding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/02Frames; Beds; Carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B49/00Measuring or gauging equipment for controlling the feed movement of the grinding tool or work; Arrangements of indicating or measuring equipment, e.g. for indicating the start of the grinding operation
    • B24B49/14Measuring or gauging equipment for controlling the feed movement of the grinding tool or work; Arrangements of indicating or measuring equipment, e.g. for indicating the start of the grinding operation taking regard of the temperature during grinding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/02Equipment for cooling the grinding surfaces, e.g. devices for feeding coolant
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/02Equipment for cooling the grinding surfaces, e.g. devices for feeding coolant
    • B24B55/03Equipment for cooling the grinding surfaces, e.g. devices for feeding coolant designed as a complete equipment for feeding or clarifying coolant
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/12Devices for exhausting mist of oil or coolant; Devices for collecting or recovering materials resulting from grinding or polishing, e.g. of precious metals, precious stones, diamonds or the like

Abstract

The invention provides a polishing machine for the outer ring end faces of bearings, and belongs to the technical field of machines. The polishing machine solves the technical problems that an exiting polishing machine cannot meet the machining requirement of the bearings in different types, and the application scope is limited. The polishing machine for the outer ring end faces of the bearings comprises a machine frame, a polishing abrasion wheel and a guide rail, the guide rail is fixed on the machine frame, a first installation plate and a second installation plate are connected to the machine frame in a sliding mode, and the polishing abrasion wheel is respectively connected to the first installation plate and the second installation plate in a rotary mode. A first adjusting block and a second adjusting block are fixed on the first installation plate, a third adjusting block and a fourth adjusting block are fixed on the second installation plate, a first adjusting motor and a second adjusting motor are fixed on the machine frame, a first lead screw is fixed on the first adjusting motor and penetrates through the first adjusting block and the third adjusting block, a second lead screw is fixed on the second adjusting motor and penetrates through the second adjusting block and the fourth adjusting block, and a feeding device is further arranged between the polishing abrasion wheel and the feeding guide rail. The polishing machine has the advantages that the bearings in the different types can be polished.

Description

A kind of sander of bearing outer ring end face
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of mechanical technique, relate to a kind of sander, particularly a kind of sander of bearing outer ring end face.
Background technology
Bearing because its end has overlap and burr in various degree, therefore need to pass through the treatment process such as shot-peening, polishing, so that end face is smooth after completing.
Traditional polishing mode is the end face of artificial hand-held Bearing support near cutting-platform type abrasive machine polishing bearing, and defect is: labor strength is large, and artificial factor impact causes bearing polishing uniformity poor more; The slow efficiency of polishing speed is low, is unfavorable for batch production.
Chinese patent literature discloses a kind of sander [CN103128622A] for this reason, comprising: frame, rotary drive assembly, pressure head component, carry vertical assembly and sanding component, be provided with the pallet in order to place work piece in frame; Rotary drive assembly is arranged on the below of described pallet and can drives described pallet rotation; Pressure head component suspention is arranged in described frame and is positioned at the top of described pallet; Carrying vertical assembly is connected to draw the described pressure head component described workpiece of downward compression or makes progress away from described workpiece with described pressure head component; Sanding component comprises the emery wheel in order to buffing work-piece, sanding component be installed in rotation in described frame so that on it emery wheel can near or away from workpiece.This sander has higher automation, but different in the model of actual production middle (center) bearing, the width of its end face is not identical yet, and this sander cannot meet the processing of the bearing of different model, should be limited in scope.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to have the problems referred to above for existing technology, proposed a kind of sander of bearing outer ring end face, the technical problem that the present invention solves is the bearing of different model of polishing.
Object of the present invention can realize by following technical proposal: a kind of sander of bearing outer ring end face, it is characterized in that, this sander comprises frame, grinding wheel and guide rail, described guide rail is fixed in frame, described guide rail comprises feed lead rail, polishing guide rail and the discharge guide connecting successively, on described feed lead rail and discharge guide, all have the baffle plate that is positioned at guide rail both sides, described polishing guide rail is horizontally disposed with, described feed lead rail and all relative horizontal plane inclination and settings down of discharge guide, in described frame, slidably connect installing plate one and installing plate two, described installing plate one is positioned at polishing guide rail one side, and described installing plate two is positioned at polishing guide rail opposite side, and described grinding wheel is rotatably connected on respectively on installing plate one and installing plate two, described installing plate one is fixed with respectively regulating block one and regulating block two along the both sides of guide rail direction, described installing plate two is fixed with respectively regulating block three and regulating block four along the both sides of guide rail direction, in described frame, be fixed with and regulate motor one and regulate motor two, described adjusting motor one relatively polishing guide rail is positioned at installing plate side one by one, on the output shaft of described adjusting motor one, be fixed with screw mandrel one, described screw mandrel one has two sections of screw threads that hand of spiral is contrary, described screw mandrel one is through regulating block one and regulating block three, two sections of screw threads on described screw mandrel one are threaded with regulating block one and regulating block three respectively, described adjusting motor two relatively polishing guide rail is positioned at installing plate 21 sides, on the output shaft of described adjusting motor two, be fixed with screw mandrel two, described screw mandrel two has two sections of screw threads that hand of spiral is contrary, described screw mandrel two is through regulating block two and regulating block four, and two sections of screw threads on described screw mandrel two are threaded with regulating block two and regulating block four respectively, between described grinding wheel and feed lead rail, be also provided with the pay-off that can drive the bearing on polishing guide rail to advance towards discharge guide.
Operation principle of the present invention is as follows: workman puts into feed lead rail by bearing, by gravity bearing, is rolled to polishing guide rail, by collecting by discharge guide after polishing guide rail again, bearing advances towards discharge guide by pay-off band dynamic bearing after entering polishing guide rail, can be through between grinding wheel at this process middle (center) bearing, by grinding wheel, polished in the two ends of bearing, grinding wheel is rotatably connected on respectively on installing plate one and installing plate two, by rotation, regulate motor one and regulate motor two can regulate the distance between installing plate one and installing plate two, also just can regulate the distance between the grinding wheel of polishing guide rail both sides, can regulate installing plate one and installing plate two for the bearing of different model, the polishing of realization to the bearing of different model, by regulating motor one and regulate motor two to be separately positioned on the both sides of installing plate one and installing plate two, can accurately control the displacement of installing plate one and installing plate two.
In the sander of above-mentioned bearing outer ring end face, described pay-off comprises two groups of feeding motors, belt pulley one and belt pulley two, described two groups of feeding motors, belt pulley one and belt pulley two are separately positioned on the both sides of polishing guide rail, described belt pulley one and belt pulley two are rotatably connected in frame by rotating shaft, the line at described belt pulley Yi center and belt pulley Er center and polishing guide rail parallel, between described belt pulley one and belt pulley two, be rotatably connected to belt, described minimum range between the belt of polishing guide rail both sides is identical with the thickness of bearing, on described belt pulley one, be also fixed with sprocket wheel one, described feeding motor is fixed in frame, on the turning cylinder of described feeding motor, be fixed with sprocket wheel two, between described sprocket wheel one and sprocket wheel two, be rotatably connected to chain.Belt has some tension, therefore bearing can be pushed by belt through time between belt, produce enough frictional force, belt can be moved by stable band dynamic bearing, prevent that whole due to machine makes to collide with each other between bearing, cause bearing not comprehensive when polishing, by controlling the rotating speed of feeding motor, can control flexibly the speed that bearing moves, guarantee the abundant of bearing polishing.
In the sander of above-mentioned bearing outer ring end face, described grinding wheel comprises two initiatively emery wheel and two driven emery wheels, described active emery wheel and driven emery wheel are rotatably connected on installing plate one and installing plate two respectively, described active emery wheel and driven emery wheel cross-distribution, described active emery wheel drives rotation by rotary electric machine.Between rotary electric machine and active emery wheel, by chain, be in transmission connection, bearing is when passing through between active emery wheel and driven emery wheel, driven emery wheel prevents that bearing from got rid of it because active emery wheel rotates and flying out, play the effect that clamps bearing, and the polishing at bearing two ends mainly completes by active emery wheel.
In the sander of above-mentioned bearing outer ring end face, between described installing plate one and installing plate two and frame, be provided with substrate, on described substrate, be fixed with guide plate one and guide plate two, described installing plate one is slidably connected between guide plate one and guide plate two, on described substrate, be fixed with guide plate three and guide plate four, described installing plate two is slidably connected between guide plate three and guide plate four, described adjusting motor one and adjusting motor two are fixed on substrate, are provided with the governor motion that can make substrate vertically move up and down between described substrate and frame.Installing plate one and installing plate two only move along screw mandrel one and screw mandrel two when regulating relative position by adjusting motor one and adjusting motor two, and assurance running is smooth and easy; Because the thickness of the Thickness Ratio bearing of grinding wheel is large, therefore can be so that grinding wheel moves up and down when polishing by governor motion, guarantee all energy and bearing friction of side face of grinding wheel, and grinding wheel is not that same place continues in polishing when polishing, but alternately polishing, increase the service life of grinding wheel, reduced grinding wheel replacement frequency, reduced production cost.
In the sander of above-mentioned bearing outer ring end face, described governor motion comprises adjusting rod one and adjusting rod two, the two ends of described adjusting rod one and adjusting rod two are all fixed with cam, described adjusting rod one and adjusting rod two are rotatably connected in frame, described adjusting rod one and adjusting rod two are horizontally disposed with, described adjusting rod one and adjusting rod two are parallel to each other, on the lower face of described substrate, offer four with cam regulating tank one to one, the side face of described cam and the bottom surface of regulating tank against, between described adjusting rod one and adjusting rod two, be provided with drive rod, the end of described adjusting rod one is fixed with helical gear one, the end of described adjusting rod two is fixed with helical gear two, described drive rod is rotatably connected in frame, on described drive rod, be fixed with respectively helical gear three and helical gear four with helical gear one and helical gear two engagements, in described frame, be fixed with adjusting motor, output shaft and the drive rod of described adjusting motor are fixed.Regulate motor to drive adjusting rod one and adjusting rod two by rotation by drive rod, substrate is positioned on cam, so cam rotation can make substrate cycle movement along the vertical direction, thereby realizes the cycle movement up and down of grinding wheel.
As another kind of situation, in the sander of above-mentioned bearing outer ring end face, described governor motion comprises some adjusting cylinders, and the cylinder body of described adjusting cylinders is fixed in frame, and piston rod and the substrate of described adjusting cylinders are fixed.Piston rod by control and regulation cylinder is periodically flexible, makes substrate cycle movement along the vertical direction, thereby realizes the cycle movement up and down of grinding wheel.
In the sander of above-mentioned bearing outer ring end face, in described frame, be fixed with water tank and controller, described water tank interior fixedly heating rod and temperature sensor, on described water tank bottom, be connected with outlet pipe, between described outlet pipe and water tank, be provided with flow control valve, described outlet pipe is communicated with some distributive pipes, the delivery port of described distributive pipe is positioned at initiatively emery wheel and driven emery wheel top and towards the abrasive end of active emery wheel and driven emery wheel, in described water tank, be fixed with temperature sensor, described temperature sensor is connected with controller with heating rod.In when polishing, need water to bearing and emery wheel cooling and clean, being sprayed on water on bearing and emery wheel and need to remaining on proper temperature guarantee and can not impact the quality of bearing, heating rod can be by the temperature heating of water in water tank, temperature sensor can be measured the temperature of water in water tank, temperature information is fed back to controller, when in water tank, the temperature of water is lower than design temperature, controller is controlled heating rod heating, in water tank, the temperature of water is higher than when the design temperature, controller cuts out heating rod, make the temperature of water in water tank remain at design temperature, water flows out water tank from outlet pipe, by distributive pipe, be sprayed on again the abrasive end of active emery wheel and driven emery wheel, by flow control valve, control the amount that flows out water, make the discharge that gushes out suitable, reduce the waste of water, improve the quality of bearing polishing.
In the sander of above-mentioned bearing outer ring end face, between described installing plate one and installing plate two, be fixed with header tank, described header tank be positioned at polishing guide rail under, the upper end of described header tank is opening, described header tank is obliquely installed, the lower end that described header tank is positioned at the end face of lower offers the delivery port of strip, on the bottom surface of described header tank, also slidably connect push pedal, the two side of described push pedal and header tank and ground against, in described push pedal, be hinged with push rod, described push rod is positioned at the end face of eminence through header tank, on the case bottom surface of described header tank, be evenly fixed with some electromagnet, described electromagnet is parallel with push pedal, described electromagnet is connected with controller.The water droplet of distributive pipe ejection drops down onto in header tank, by delivery port, flow away, can be with the metal dust of polishing from bearing when water drops down onto in header tank, at polishing Time Controller, play motor magnet, electromagnet can be adsorbed on metal dust the bottom surface of header tank, prevent washed away, after polishing finishes, controller cuts out electromagnet, promoting push rod moves push pedal the metal dust on the bottom surface of header tank is shoveled to water outlet, metal dust is reclaimed, removed the metal dust in water, water is purified, prevent environment, the metal dust simultaneously reclaiming is recycling, increased economic benefit.
In the sander of above-mentioned bearing outer ring end face, described discharge guide near polishing guide rail place offer some through holes, described through hole be positioned at header tank directly over.Bearing also can be with water droplet when entering discharge guide, and water droplet drops down onto header tank by through hole, guarantees the clean of frame.
Compared with prior art, the sander of this bearing outer ring end face has the following advantages:
1, can regulate installing plate one and installing plate two for the bearing of different model, the polishing of realization to the bearing of different model, by adjusting motor one and adjusting motor two being separately positioned on to the both sides of installing plate one and installing plate two, can accurately control the displacement of installing plate one and installing plate two.
2, the equal energy of the side face of grinding wheel and bearing friction when polishing, and when polishing, grinding wheel is not that same place continues in polishing, but alternately polish, having increased the service life of grinding wheel, reduction grinding wheel replacement frequency, has reduced production cost.
3, by flow control valve, control the amount that flows out water, and the temperature of controlling water by heating rod, make the flow of water and water temperature all remain on optimum range, reduce the waste of water, improve the quality of bearing polishing.
4, by electromagnet, metal dust be adsorbed in header tank and reclaimed, water is purified, preventing environment, the metal dust simultaneously reclaiming is recycling, has increased economic benefit.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is plan structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is side-looking structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the sectional structure schematic diagram of header tank of the present invention.
In figure, 11, frame; 21, active emery wheel; 22, driven emery wheel; 23, rotary electric machine; 31, guide rail; 32, feed lead rail; 33, polishing guide rail; 34, discharge guide; 341, through hole; 35, baffle plate; 41, installing plate one; 411, regulating block one; 412, regulating block two; 42, installing plate two; 421, regulating block three; 422, regulating block four; 43, regulate motor one; 431, screw mandrel one; 44, regulate motor two; 441, screw mandrel two; 51, feeding motor; 511, sprocket wheel two; 52, belt pulley one; 521, sprocket wheel one; 53, belt pulley two; 54, rotating shaft; 55, belt; 56, chain; 61, substrate; 62, guide plate one; 63, guide plate two; 64, guide plate three; 65, guide plate four; 66, adjusting rod one; 661, helical gear one; 67, cam; 68, drive rod; 681, helical gear three; 71, water tank; 72, outlet pipe; 73, distributive pipe; 74, flow control valve; 81, header tank; 82, opening; 83, delivery port; 84, push pedal; 85, push rod; 86, electromagnet.
The specific embodiment
Be below specific embodiments of the invention by reference to the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention is further described, but the present invention be not limited to these embodiment.
Embodiment mono-
A kind of sander of bearing outer ring end face, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, this sander comprises frame 11, grinding wheel and guide rail 31, guide rail 31 is fixed in frame 11, guide rail 31 comprises feed lead rail 32, polishing guide rail 33 and the discharge guide 34 connecting successively, on feed lead rail 32 and discharge guide 34, all have the baffle plate 35 that is positioned at guide rail 31 both sides, polishing guide rail 33 is horizontally disposed with, feed lead rail 32 and all relative horizontal plane inclination and settings down of discharge guide 34, in frame 11, slidably connect installing plate 1 and installing plate 2 42, installing plate 1 is positioned at polishing guide rail 33 1 sides, and installing plate 2 42 is positioned at polishing guide rail 33 opposite sides, and grinding wheel is rotatably connected on respectively on installing plate 1 and installing plate 2 42, installing plate 1 is fixed with respectively regulating block 1 and regulating block 2 412 along the both sides of guide rail 31 directions, installing plate 2 42 is fixed with respectively regulating block 3 421 and regulating block 4 442 along the both sides of guide rail 31 directions, in frame 11, be fixed with and regulate motor 1 and regulate motor 2 44, regulate the relative polishing guide rail 33 of motor 1 to be positioned at installing plate one 41 one sides, on the output shaft of adjusting motor 1, be fixed with screw mandrel 1, screw mandrel 1 has two sections of screw threads that hand of spiral is contrary, screw mandrel 1 is through regulating block 1 and regulating block 3 421, two sections of screw threads on screw mandrel 1 are threaded with regulating block 1 and regulating block 3 421 respectively, regulate the relative polishing guide rail 33 of motor 2 44 to be positioned at installing plate 2 42 1 sides, on the output shaft of adjusting motor 2 44, be fixed with screw mandrel 2 441, screw mandrel 2 441 has two sections of screw threads that hand of spiral is contrary, screw mandrel 2 441 is through regulating block 2 412 and regulating block 4 442, and two sections of screw threads on screw mandrel 2 441 are threaded with regulating block 2 412 and regulating block 4 442 respectively, between grinding wheel and feed lead rail 32, be also provided with the pay-off that can drive the bearing on polishing guide rail 33 to advance towards discharge guide 34.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, pay-off comprises two groups of feeding motors 51, belt pulley 1 and belt pulley 2 53, two groups of feeding motors 51, belt pulley 1 and belt pulley 2 53 are separately positioned on the both sides of polishing guide rail 33, belt pulley 1 and belt pulley 2 53 are rotatably connected in frame 11 by rotating shaft 54, belt pulley Yi52 center is parallel with polishing guide rail 33 with the line at belt pulley Er53 center, between belt pulley 1 and belt pulley 2 53, be rotatably connected to belt 55, minimum range between the belt 55 of polishing guide rail 33 both sides is identical with the thickness of bearing, on belt pulley 1, be also fixed with sprocket wheel 1, feeding motor 51 is fixed in frame 11, on the turning cylinder of feeding motor 51, be fixed with sprocket wheel 2 511, between sprocket wheel 1 and sprocket wheel 2 511, be rotatably connected to chain 56.Belt 55 has some tension, therefore bearing can be pushed by belt 55 through time between belt 55, produce enough frictional force, belt 55 can be moved by stable band dynamic bearing, prevent that whole due to machine makes to collide with each other between bearing, cause bearing not comprehensive when polishing, by controlling the rotating speed of feeding motor 51, can control flexibly the speed that bearing moves, guarantee the abundant of bearing polishing.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, grinding wheel comprises two initiatively emery wheel 21 and two driven emery wheels 22, initiatively emery wheel 21 and driven emery wheel 22 are rotatably connected on installing plate 1 and installing plate 2 42 respectively, active emery wheel 21 and driven emery wheel 22 cross-distribution, initiatively emery wheel 21 is driven and is rotated by rotary electric machine 23.Between rotary electric machine 23 and active emery wheel 21, by chain, be in transmission connection, bearing is when passing through between active emery wheel 21 and driven emery wheel 22, driven emery wheel 22 prevents that bearing from got rid of it because active emery wheel 21 rotates and flying out, play the effect that clamps bearing, the polishing at bearing two ends mainly completes by active emery wheel 21.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, between installing plate 1 and installing plate 2 42 and frame 11, be provided with substrate 61, on substrate 61, be fixed with guide plate 1 and guide plate 2 63, installing plate 1 is slidably connected between guide plate 1 and guide plate 2 63, on substrate 61, be fixed with guide plate 3 64 and guide plate 4 65, installing plate 2 42 is slidably connected between guide plate 3 64 and guide plate 4 65, regulate motor 1 and regulate motor 2 44 to be fixed on substrate 61, between substrate 61 and frame 11, be provided with the governor motion that can make substrate 61 vertically move up and down.Governor motion comprises adjusting rod 1 and adjusting rod two, the two ends of adjusting rod 1 and adjusting rod two are all fixed with cam 67, adjusting rod 1 and adjusting rod two are rotatably connected in frame 11, adjusting rod 1 and adjusting rod two are horizontally disposed with, adjusting rod 1 and adjusting rod two are parallel to each other, on the lower face of substrate 61, offer four with cam 67 regulating tank one to one, the side face of cam 67 and the bottom surface of regulating tank against, between adjusting rod 1 and adjusting rod two, be provided with drive rod 68, the end of adjusting rod 1 is fixed with helical gear 1, the end of adjusting rod two is fixed with helical gear two, drive rod 68 is rotatably connected in frame 11, on drive rod 68, be fixed with respectively helical gear 3 681 and helical gear four with helical gear 1 and helical gear two engagements, in frame 11, be fixed with adjusting motor, regulate output shaft and the drive rod 68 of motor fixing.
As shown in Figure 2, in frame 11, be fixed with water tank 71 and controller, the interior fixedly heating rod of water tank 71 and temperature sensor, water tank is connected with outlet pipe 72 on 71 bottoms, between outlet pipe 72 and water tank 71, be provided with flow control valve 74, outlet pipe 72 is communicated with some distributive pipes 73, the delivery port 83 of distributive pipe 73 is positioned at initiatively emery wheel 21 and driven emery wheel 22 tops and towards the abrasive end of active emery wheel 21 and driven emery wheel 22, in water tank 71, be fixed with temperature sensor, temperature sensor is connected with controller with heating rod.In when polishing, need water to bearing and emery wheel cooling and clean, being sprayed on water on bearing and emery wheel and need to remaining on proper temperature guarantee and can not impact the quality of bearing, heating rod can be by the temperature heating of water tank 71 interior water, temperature sensor can be measured the temperature of water tank 71 interior water, temperature information is fed back to controller, when the temperature of water tank 71 interior water is during lower than design temperature, controller is controlled heating rod heating, when the temperature of water tank 71 interior water is when in design temperature, controller cuts out heating rod, make the temperature of water tank 71 interior water remain at design temperature, water flows out water tank 71 from outlet pipe 72, by distributive pipe 73, be sprayed on again the abrasive end of active emery wheel 21 and driven emery wheel 22, by flow control valve 74, control the amount that flows out water, make the discharge that gushes out suitable, reduce the waste of water, improve the quality of bearing polishing.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, between installing plate 1 and installing plate 2 42, be fixed with header tank 81, header tank 81 be positioned at polishing guide rail 33 under, the upper end of described header tank 81 is opening 82, header tank 81 is obliquely installed, the lower end that header tank 81 is positioned at the end face of lower offers the delivery port 83 of strip, on the bottom surface of header tank 81, also slidably connect push pedal 84, the two side of push pedal 84 and header tank 81 and ground against, in push pedal 84, be hinged with push rod 85, push rod 85 is positioned at the end face of eminence through header tank 81, on the case bottom surface of header tank 81, be evenly fixed with some electromagnet 86, electromagnet 86 is parallel with push pedal 84, electromagnet 86 is connected with controller.The water droplet of distributive pipe 73 ejections drops down onto in header tank 81, by delivery port 83, flow away, water drops down onto header tank 81 can be with the metal dust of polishing from bearing when interior, at polishing Time Controller, play motor magnet 86, electromagnet 86 can be adsorbed on metal dust the bottom surface of header tank 81, prevent washed away, after polishing finishes, controller cuts out electromagnet 86, promoting push rod 85 moves push pedal 84 metal dust on the bottom surface of header tank 81 is shoveled to delivery port 83 places, metal dust is reclaimed, removed the metal dust in water, water is purified, prevent environment, the metal dust simultaneously reclaiming is recycling, increased economic benefit.Discharge guide 34 offers some through holes 341 near polishing guide rail 33 places, through hole 341 be positioned at header tank 81 directly over.Bearing also can be with water droplet when entering discharge guide 34, and water droplet drops down onto header tank 81 by through hole 341, guarantees the clean of frame 11.
Operation principle of the present invention is as follows: workman puts into feed lead rail 32 by bearing, by gravity bearing, is rolled to polishing guide rail 33, by collecting by discharge guide 34 after polishing guide rail 33 again, bearing advances towards discharge guide 34 by pay-off band dynamic bearing after entering polishing guide rail 33, can be through between grinding wheel at this process middle (center) bearing, by grinding wheel, polished in the two ends of bearing, grinding wheel is rotatably connected on respectively on installing plate 1 and installing plate 2 42, by rotation, regulate motor 1 and regulate motor 2 44 can regulate the distance between installing plate 1 and installing plate 2 42, also just can regulate the distance between the grinding wheel of polishing guide rail 33 both sides, can regulate installing plate 1 and installing plate 2 42 for the bearing of different model, the polishing of realization to the bearing of different model, by regulating motor 1 and regulate motor 2 44 to be separately positioned on the both sides of installing plate 1 and installing plate 2 42, can accurately control the displacement of installing plate 1 and installing plate 2 42.Installing plate 1 and installing plate 2 42 only move along screw mandrel 1 and screw mandrel 2 441 when regulating relative position by adjusting motor 1 and adjusting motor 2 44, and assurance running is smooth and easy; Because the thickness of the Thickness Ratio bearing of grinding wheel is large, therefore can be so that grinding wheel moves up and down when polishing by governor motion, guarantee all energy and bearing friction of side face of grinding wheel, and grinding wheel is not that same place continues in polishing when polishing, but alternately polishing, increase the service life of grinding wheel, reduced grinding wheel replacement frequency, reduced production cost.Regulate motor to drive adjusting rods 1 and adjusting rod two by rotating by drive rod 68, substrate 61 is positioned on cam 67, so cam 67 rotations can make substrate 61 cycle movement along the vertical direction, thereby realizes the cycle movement up and down of grinding wheel.
Embodiment bis-
The present embodiment is basic identical with structure and the principle of embodiment mono-, and different place is: governor motion comprises some adjusting cylinders, and the cylinder body of adjusting cylinders is fixed in frame, and piston rod and the substrate of adjusting cylinders are fixed.Piston rod by control and regulation cylinder is periodically flexible, makes substrate cycle movement along the vertical direction, thereby realizes the cycle movement up and down of grinding wheel.
Specific embodiment described herein is only to the explanation for example of the present invention's spirit.Those skilled in the art can make various modifications or supplement or adopt similar mode to substitute described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present invention or surmount the defined scope of appended claims.
Although more used 11 herein, frame; 21, active emery wheel; 22, driven emery wheel; 23, rotary electric machine; 31, guide rail; 32, feed lead rail; 33, polishing guide rail; 34, discharge guide; 341, through hole; 35, baffle plate; 41, installing plate one; 411, regulating block one; 412, regulating block two; 42, installing plate two; 421, regulating block three; 422, regulating block four; 43, regulate motor one; 431, screw mandrel one; 44, regulate motor two; 441, screw mandrel two; 51, feeding motor; 511, sprocket wheel two; 52, belt pulley one; 521, sprocket wheel one; 53, belt pulley two; 54, rotating shaft; 55, belt; 56, chain; 61, substrate; 62, guide plate one; 63, guide plate two; 64, guide plate three; 65, guide plate four; 66, adjusting rod one; 661, helical gear one; 67, cam; 68, drive rod; 681, helical gear three; 71, water tank; 72, outlet pipe; 73, distributive pipe; 74, flow control valve; 81, header tank; 82, opening; 83, delivery port; 84, push pedal; 85, push rod; 86, the term such as electromagnet, but do not get rid of the possibility of using other term.Use these terms to be only used to describe more easily and explain essence of the present invention; They are construed to any additional restriction is all contrary with spirit of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. the sander of a bearing outer ring end face, it is characterized in that, this sander comprises frame (11), grinding wheel and guide rail (31), described guide rail (31) is fixed in frame (11), described guide rail (31) comprises the feed lead rail (32) connecting successively, polishing guide rail (33) and discharge guide (34), on described feed lead rail (32) and discharge guide (34), all there is the baffle plate (35) that is positioned at guide rail (31) both sides, described polishing guide rail (33) is horizontally disposed with, described feed lead rail (32) and all relative horizontal plane inclination and settings down of discharge guide (34), in described frame (11), slidably connect installing plate one (41) and installing plate two (42), described installing plate one (41) is positioned at polishing guide rail (33) one sides, described installing plate two (42) is positioned at polishing guide rail (33) opposite side, and described grinding wheel is rotatably connected on respectively on installing plate one (41) and installing plate two (42), described installing plate one (41) is fixed with respectively regulating block one (411) and regulating block two (412) along the both sides of guide rail (31) direction, described installing plate two (42) is fixed with respectively regulating block three (421) and regulating block four (422) along the both sides of guide rail (31) direction, in described frame (11), be fixed with and regulate motor one (43) and regulate motor two (44), described adjusting motor one (43) guide rail (33) of relatively polishing is positioned at installing plate one (41) one side, on the output shaft of described adjusting motor one (43), be fixed with screw mandrel one (431), described screw mandrel one (431) has two sections of screw threads that hand of spiral is contrary, described screw mandrel one (431) is through regulating block one (411) and regulating block three (421), two sections of screw threads on described screw mandrel one (431) are threaded with regulating block one (411) and regulating block three (421) respectively, described adjusting motor two (44) guide rail (33) of relatively polishing is positioned at installing plate two (42) one sides, on the output shaft of described adjusting motor two (44), be fixed with screw mandrel two (441), described screw mandrel two (441) has two sections of screw threads that hand of spiral is contrary, described screw mandrel two (441) is through regulating block two (412) and regulating block four (422), and two sections of screw threads on described screw mandrel two (441) are threaded with regulating block two (412) and regulating block four (422) respectively, between described grinding wheel and feed lead rail (32), be also provided with the pay-off that can drive the bearing on polishing guide rail (33) to advance towards discharge guide (34).
2. the sander of bearing outer ring end face according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described pay-off comprises two groups of feeding motors (51), belt pulley one (52) and belt pulley two (53), described two groups of feeding motors (51), belt pulley one (52) and belt pulley two (53) are separately positioned on the both sides of polishing guide rail (33), described belt pulley one (52) and belt pulley two (53) are rotatably connected in frame (11) by rotating shaft (54), the center of described belt pulley one (52) is parallel with polishing guide rail (33) with the line at the center of belt pulley two (53), between described belt pulley one (52) and belt pulley two (53), be rotatably connected to belt (55), described be positioned at polishing guide rail (33) both sides belt (55) between minimum range identical with the thickness of bearing, on described belt pulley one (52), be also fixed with sprocket wheel one (521), described feeding motor (51) is fixed in frame (11), on the turning cylinder of described feeding motor (51), be fixed with sprocket wheel two (511), between described sprocket wheel one (521) and sprocket wheel two (511), be rotatably connected to chain (56).
3. the sander of bearing outer ring end face according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described grinding wheel comprises two initiatively emery wheel (21) and two driven emery wheels (22), described active emery wheel (21) and driven emery wheel (22) are rotatably connected on installing plate one (41) and installing plate two (42) respectively, described active emery wheel (21) and driven emery wheel (22) cross-distribution, described active emery wheel (21) is driven and is rotated by rotary electric machine (23).
4. the sander of bearing outer ring end face according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, between described installing plate one (41) and installing plate two (42) and frame (11), be provided with substrate (61), on described substrate (61), be fixed with guide plate one (62) and guide plate two (63), described installing plate one (41) is slidably connected at and is positioned between guide plate one (62) and guide plate two (63), on described substrate (61), be fixed with guide plate three (64) and guide plate four (65), described installing plate two (42) is slidably connected between guide plate three (64) and guide plate four (65), described adjusting motor one (43) and adjusting motor two (44) are fixed on substrate (61), between described substrate (61) and frame (11), be provided with the governor motion that can make substrate (61) vertically move up and down.
5. the sander of bearing outer ring end face according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described governor motion comprises adjusting rod one (66) and adjusting rod two, the two ends of described adjusting rod one (66) and adjusting rod two are all fixed with cam (67), described adjusting rod one (66) and adjusting rod two are rotatably connected in frame (11), described adjusting rod one (66) and adjusting rod two are horizontally disposed with, described adjusting rod one (66) and adjusting rod two are parallel to each other, on the lower face of described substrate (61), offer four with cam (67) regulating tank one to one, the side face of described cam (67) and the bottom surface of regulating tank against, between described adjusting rod one (66) and adjusting rod two, be provided with drive rod (68), the end of described adjusting rod one (66) is fixed with helical gear one (661), the end of described adjusting rod two is fixed with helical gear two, described drive rod (68) is rotatably connected in frame (11), on described drive rod (68), be fixed with respectively helical gear three (681) and helical gear four with helical gear one (661) and helical gear two engagements, described frame is fixed with adjusting motor on (11), the output shaft of described adjusting motor and drive rod (68) are fixing.
6. the sander of bearing outer ring end face according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described governor motion comprises some adjusting cylinders, and it is upper that the cylinder body of described adjusting cylinders is fixed on frame (11), and the piston rod of described adjusting cylinders and substrate (61) are fixing.
7. the sander of bearing outer ring end face according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, in described frame (11), be fixed with water tank (71) and controller, described water tank (71) interior fixedly heating rod and temperature sensor, described water tank (71) is connected with outlet pipe (72) on bottom, between described outlet pipe (72) and water tank (71), be provided with flow control valve (74), described outlet pipe (72) is communicated with some distributive pipes (73), the delivery port (83) of described distributive pipe (73) is positioned at above initiatively emery wheel (21) and driven emery wheel (22) and towards the abrasive end of active emery wheel (21) and driven emery wheel (22), described water tank is fixed with temperature sensor in (71), described temperature sensor is connected with controller with heating rod.
8. the sander of bearing outer ring end face according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, between described installing plate one (41) and installing plate two (42), be fixed with header tank (81), described header tank (81) be positioned at polishing guide rail (33) under, the upper end of described header tank (81) is opening (82), described header tank (81) is obliquely installed, the lower end that described header tank (81) is positioned at the end face of lower offers the delivery port (83) of strip, on the bottom surface of described header tank (81), also slidably connect push pedal (84), the two side of described push pedal (84) and header tank (81) and ground against, in described push pedal (84), be hinged with push rod (85), described push rod (85) is positioned at the end face of eminence through header tank (81), on the case bottom surface of described header tank (81), be evenly fixed with some electromagnet (86), described electromagnet (86) is parallel with push pedal (84), described electromagnet (86) is connected with controller.
9. the sander of bearing outer ring end face according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, described discharge guide (34) near polishing guide rail (33) locate to offer some through holes (341), described through hole (341) be positioned at header tank (81) directly over.
CN201310692056.3A 2013-12-16 2013-12-16 A kind of sander of bearing outer ring end face Active CN103737439B (en)

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CN108687589A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-10-23 宁波高新区新柯保汽车科技有限公司 Bearing face grinding device
CN108723912A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-11-02 傅飞 A kind of board top and bottom synchronous processing equipment
CN108527023B (en) * 2018-06-29 2019-06-28 重庆市华燕机械有限公司 Vehicle transmission central siphon automatically grinding device
CN108527023A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-09-14 重庆市华燕机械有限公司 Vehicle transmission central siphon automatically grinding device
CN108972215A (en) * 2018-08-16 2018-12-11 董春年 A kind of auto-feed beveler
CN111360608A (en) * 2020-03-06 2020-07-03 徐州鑫晶半导体科技有限公司 Control method for double-sided thinning grinding water flow
CN111360608B (en) * 2020-03-06 2021-08-27 徐州鑫晶半导体科技有限公司 Control method for double-sided thinning grinding water flow

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CN105881135A (en) 2016-08-24
CN105856011A (en) 2016-08-17
CN105856011B (en) 2018-01-26
CN103737439B (en) 2016-05-11
CN105881135B (en) 2017-09-12

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