CN103728947B - A method of monitoring the emissions - Google Patents

A method of monitoring the emissions Download PDF

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CN103728947B
CN103728947B CN 201310756072 CN201310756072A CN103728947B CN 103728947 B CN103728947 B CN 103728947B CN 201310756072 CN201310756072 CN 201310756072 CN 201310756072 A CN201310756072 A CN 201310756072A CN 103728947 B CN103728947 B CN 103728947B
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emissions
amount
monitoring
operation information
pollutants
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CN103728947A (en )
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杜庆昌
何威
王琼
徐攀
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聚光科技(杭州)股份有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

本发明提供了一种污染物排放的监控方法,所述监控方法包括以下步骤:(A1)采集污染源的工作信息、污染物治理设施的工作信息,并传送到计算模块;安装在排放口的污染物监控设施测得的检测值传送到比对模块;(A2)计算模块根据所述污染源的工作信息而获得污染物的产生量,根据接收到的治理设施的工作信息获得污染物的去除量,从而获知污染物的真实排放量,并传送到比对模块;(A3)比对模块比较接收到的检测值和真实排放量:若差异量处于阈值范围内,污染物的排放量以所述检测值为准;若差异量超出所述阈值范围,污染物的排放量以所述真实排放量为准;(A4)环保部门根据污染物排放的核准总量、所述污染物的排放量而控制污染源的关停与否。 The present invention provides a method of monitoring the emissions, the monitoring method comprising the steps of: (A1) the acquired operation information sources, work information management facility contaminants, and transferred to the computer module; pollution discharge port mounted monitoring facilities was detected measured values ​​to the comparison module; (A2) calculation module according to the operation information obtained sources of pollutants produced, the removal of pollutants according to the obtained operation information received by the control facilities, thus learns the real pollutant emissions, and transmitted to the comparison module; (A3) and the real value of the ratio of emission detection module compares the received: if the difference amount is within the threshold range, the pollutant emissions to detect whichever; if the difference amount exceeds the threshold range, pollutant emissions subject to the real emissions; (A4) is controlled based on the amount of environmental protection department approved pollutant emissions, the emissions of pollutants sources shut down or not. 本发明具有准确性好等优点。 The present invention has the advantage of good accuracy and the like.

Description

污染物排放的监控方法 A method of monitoring the emissions

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ]本发明涉及污染物排放,特别涉及方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to pollutant emissions, particularly to a method. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 十一五期间,污染源排放监测得到了很好的推广,污染源监控系统基本建设完善。 [0002] Eleventh Five-Year period, the pollution emission monitoring has been very good promotion, pollution control system infrastructure improvement. 为了加强过程控制,建设了过程监控系统。 In order to enhance process control, process monitoring system construction. 通过采集治理设过程数据,通过特定分析方法对污染过程运行良好性判断。 By collecting the data management setting process runs well contamination judging process by particular analytical methods.

[0003] 为了加强区域及企业的排放总量的控制,开展了排污总量控制的智能1C卡业务。 [0003] In order to strengthen the control of total discharge area and businesses, launched a smart card business 1C total amount of emissions control. 通过对企业排放总量的统计,当排放量达到该企业的排放总量要求时,关停该企业的污染产生系统。 By the statistics of the total corporate emissions, emissions reached when the total emissions of the company's requirements, shutting down the company's pollution system. 但该系统的数据来源为污染源排放监测数据,统计的准确性由排口数据是否真实及连续所决定,当排口数据不准确、造假时,或污染源数据传输断线时,该系统统计会出现偏差。 But the source of the data system for pollutant emissions and monitoring data, whether the statistical accuracy of the data from the discharge port and continuous real determined, when the exhaust port data is not accurate, when fraud or pollution data transmission broken, the system will appear Statistics deviation.

[0004] 同时鼓励企业加强污染治理,制定了脱硫电价及污水处理费的补贴机制,但这些机制数据来源为人工上报和排口数据监测。 [0004] and encourage enterprises to strengthen pollution control, development of desulfurization price subsidy mechanism and sewage treatment fee, but the mechanism artificial sources of data reporting and data monitoring discharge port. 由于人工上报和排口数据真实性的判断无依据,导致这些补贴额度的合理性无从确定。 Since the artificial escalation and no basis for judging the authenticity of the discharge port data, resulting in a reasonable amount of these subsidies is impossible to determine. 发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 为了解决上述现有技术方案中的不足,本发明提供了准确性好的污染物排放的监控方法。 [0005] In order to solve the above-described deficiencies of the prior art embodiment, the present invention provides good accuracy pollutant emissions monitoring method.

[0006] 本发明的目的是通过以下技术方案实现的: [0006] The object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solution:

[0007] —种污染物排放的监控方法,所述监控方法包括以下步骤: [0007] - A method of monitoring the emissions of pollutants, the monitoring method comprising the steps of:

[0008] (A1)采集污染源的工作信息、污染物治理设施的工作信息,并传送到计算模块; [0008] (A1) of the collected operation information sources, work information management facility contaminants, and transferred to the computer module;

[0009] 安装在排放口的污染物监控设施测得的检测值传送到比对模块;[〇〇1〇] (A2)计算模块根据所述污染源的工作信息而获得污染物的产生量,根据接收到的治理设施的工作信息获得污染物的去除量,从而获知污染物的真实排放量,并传送到比对模块; [0009] contaminant monitoring equipment installed in the discharge port of the detected measured values ​​to the comparison module; [〇〇1〇] (A2) calculation module according to the operation information obtained sources of pollutants produced according to operation information reception control facilities to obtain the amount of contaminants removed, thereby learning of the real pollutant emissions, and transmitted to the comparison module;

[0011] (A3)比对模块比较接收到的检测值和真实排放量: [0011] (A3) and the real value of the detected emissions comparison module compares the received:

[0012] 若差异量处于阈值范围内,污染物的排放量以所述检测值为准; [0012] If the difference is within a threshold amount, subject to the emissions of the detection value;

[0013] 若差异量超出所述阈值范围,污染物的排放量以所述真实排放量为准; [0013] When the amount of the difference exceeds the threshold range, pollutant emissions subject to the real emissions;

[0014] (A4)环保部门根据污染物排放的核准总量、所述污染物的排放量而控制污染源的关停与否。 [0014] (A4) based on the amount approved by the Environmental Protection Department pollutant emissions, the emissions of pollutants and pollution control shut down or not.

[0015] 根据上述的监控方法,可选地,所述污染物包括二氧化硫。 [0015] According to the monitoring method, alternatively, the contaminant comprises sulfur dioxide.

[0016] 根据上述的监控方法,优选地,所述二氧化硫的产生量GSQ2的计算方式为: [0016] According to the monitoring method, preferably, the amount of sulfur dioxide generated GSQ2 calculated as:

[0017] Gs〇2= 2Mf*2*a*( 2Sar/100),Mf为燃料的量,a为燃料到二氧化硫的转换率,Sar为燃料的硫份。 [0017] Gs〇2 = 2Mf * 2 * a * (2Sar / 100), Mf is the amount of fuel, a is the rate of conversion of sulfur dioxide to fuel, Sar is sulfur fuel.

[0018] 根据上述的监控方法,优选地,所述二氧化硫的去除量GSQ2减的计算方式为: [0018] The calculation method described above monitoring method, preferably, the sulfur dioxide removal is reduced GSQ2:

[0019] Gs_=0 • 64*G*P/n,G为脱硫剂使用量,P为脱硫剂纯度,n为钙硫比。 [0019] Gs_ = 0 • 64 * G * P / n, G desulfurizing agent is used in an amount, P is the purity of the desulfurizing agent, n is the ratio of calcium to sulfur.

[0020] 根据上述的监控方法,可选地,在步骤(A1)中,采集所述污染源和治理设施的运行信息,该运行信息对应于运行时间; [0020] According to the monitoring method, optionally, in the step (A1), the acquisition of the operation information and the pollution control facilities, and the operation information corresponding to the operation time;

[0021] 在步骤(A2)中,计算模块进一步获得脱硫效率rM=二氧化硫的去除量/二氧化硫的产生量,以及获得治理设施的运行率n治=2 TV I: T2; Ti为治理设施的运行时间,T2为污染源的运行时间;[〇〇22] (B1)根据所述脱硫效率及治理设施的运行率补贴业主单位的电价。 [0021] In step (A2), the computing module further obtained desulfurization efficiency rM = generation amount of removal of sulfur dioxide / sulfur dioxide, and access control facility operation rate n rule = 2 TV I: T2; Ti operation of control facilities time, T2 is the runtime sources; [〇〇22] (Bl) subsidized price unit owners of the operating efficiency of the desulfurizer and treatment facilities.

[0023] 根据上述的监控方法,优选地,所述运行信息包括温度、负荷。 [0023] According to the monitoring method, preferably, the operation information includes a temperature load.

[0024] 与现有技术相比,本发明具有的有益效果为:[〇〇25] 1、提供了一种污染治理设施全过程监控的方法,同时达到对过程治理的合理性判定及总量校核,实现了过程监控和污染源排放监控有效的结合; [0024] Compared with the prior art, the present invention has beneficial effects: [〇〇25] 1, there is provided a method of monitoring the whole process of pollution control facilities, while achieving a reasonable determination of the total amount of process management and check, to achieve an effective combination of process monitoring and pollution emissions monitoring;

[0026] 2、总量排放数据不再单纯依靠总排放口污染物监测仪表,数据源多样化;[〇〇27] 3、通过生产、治理、设计等数据直接计算排放总量,实现对总量排放控制数据准确性校核,确保总量控制的准确性; [0026] 2, emissions data is no longer rely solely on the total pollutant discharge port monitoring instruments, diverse data sources; [〇〇27] 3. Calculate the total emissions directly through the production, management, design data to achieve total emissions control data accuracy check to ensure the accuracy of the total control;

[0028] 4、可以对分析仪器故障、分析周期过长期间数据进行补充,确保总量计算数据来源的连续性及准确性; [0028] 4, the instrument can be supplemented fault data analysis, during the analysis period is too long, to ensure continuity and accuracy of calculation of the total amount of data sources;

[0029] 5、提供脱硫电价补贴的准确计算方法,改变以往人为申报的繁琐和不准确性。 [0029] 5, to provide an accurate method for calculating desulfurization price subsidies, tedious and not change the conventional artificial declared accuracy. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0030] 参照附图,本发明的公开内容将变得更易理解。 [0030] Referring to the drawings, the disclosure of the present invention will become better understood. 本领域技术人员容易理解的是:这些附图仅仅用于举例说明本发明的技术方案,而并非意在对本发明的保护范围构成限制。 Those skilled in the art will readily appreciate that: these drawings merely serve to illustrate the technical solutions of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the scope of protection of the present invention. 图中: Figure:

[0031] 图1是根据本发明实施例的监控方法的流程图。 [0031] FIG. 1 is a flow chart of the monitoring method of the embodiment according to the present invention. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0032] 图1和以下说明描述了本发明的可选实施方式以教导本领域技术人员如何实施和再现本发明。 [0032] FIG. 1 and the following description describes an alternative embodiment of the present invention to teach those skilled in the art how the present embodiment of the present invention and reproducing. 为了教导本发明技术方案,已简化或省略了一些常规方面。 The purpose of teaching aspect of the present invention have been simplified or omitted, some conventional aspects. 本领域技术人员应该理解源自这些实施方式的变型或替换将在本发明的范围内。 Those skilled in the art will appreciate variations from these embodiments or alternative embodiment would be within the scope of the present invention. 本领域技术人员应该理解下述特征能够以各种方式组合以形成本发明的多个变型。 Those skilled in the art will appreciate the following features can be combined in various ways to form multiple variations of the present invention. 由此,本发明并不局限于下述可选实施方式,而仅由权利要求和它们的等同物限定。 Thus, the present invention is not limited to the following alternative embodiment, but only by the claims and their equivalents.

[0033] 实施例: [0033] Example:

[0034] 图1示意性地给出了本发明实施例的气态污染物排放的监控方法流程图,如图1所示,所述监控方法包括以下步骤: [0034] FIG 1 schematically shows a flowchart of method for monitoring gaseous pollutants embodiment of the present invention, emissions, shown in Figure 1, the monitoring method comprising the steps of:

[0035] (A1)采集电厂锅炉的工作信息,如燃煤的量Mf,燃煤到二氧化硫的转换率a,燃煤的硫份Sar,以及脱硫设施的工作信息,如脱硫剂使用量G,脱硫剂纯度为P,钙硫比n;将采集到的信息传送到计算模块; [0035] (A1) collecting the power plant boiler operation information, such as coal quantity Mf, the operation information coal conversion rates to sulfur dioxide a, Sar sulfur coal, and desulfurization facilities, such as the amount of desulfurizing agent G, purity desulfurizing agent is P, and n-calcium to sulfur ratio; the collected information to the calculation module;

[0036] 安装在排放口的烟气排放连续监测系统(CEMS)测得的检测值传送到比对模块; [0036] transmitted to the comparison module is mounted on the measured value of the discharge opening detected Continuous Emission Monitoring System (the CEMS);

[0037] 采集所述锅炉和脱硫设施的运行信息,如负荷、温度,从而获知锅炉及脱硫设施的运行时间,并传送到计算模块; [0037] The operation of the boiler and the information collection desulfurization facilities, such as load, temperature, running time and thereby learns boiler and desulfurization facilities, and transferred to the computer module;

[0038] (A2)计算模块根据所述污染源的工作信息而获得污染物的产生量GSQ2=I:Mf*2* a*( 2 Sar/100),根据接收到的治理设施的工作信息获得污染物的去除量Gs_=0.64*G*P/ n,,从而获知污染物的真实排放量,并传送到比对模块; Generating an amount of [0038] (A2) obtained by the calculation module according to the operating information of the contaminant sources GSQ2 = I: Mf * 2 * a * (2 Sar / 100), in accordance with operation information obtained pollution control facilities received removal thereof Gs_ = 0.64 * G * P / n ,, thus learns the real pollutant emissions, and transmitted to the comparison module;

[0039] 计算模块进一步获得脱硫效率n脱=二氧化硫的去除量/二氧化硫的产生量,以及获得治理设施的运行率n治=I: IV I: t2 ; Ti为治理设施的运行时间,t2为锅炉的运行时间; [0039] The calculation module is further obtained desulfurization efficiency n off = generation amount of removal of sulfur dioxide / sulfur dioxide, and access control facility operation rate n rule = I: IV I: t2; Ti is the running time of treatment facilities, t2 boiler running time;

[0040] (A3)比对模块比较接收到的检测值和真实排放量: [0040] (A3) and the real value of the detected emissions comparison module compares the received:

[0041] 若差异量处于阈值范围内,污染物的排放量以所述检测值为准; [0041] If the difference is within a threshold amount, subject to the emissions of the detection value;

[0042] 若差异量超出所述阈值范围,污染物的排放量以所述真实排放量为准; [0042] When the amount of the difference exceeds the threshold range, pollutant emissions subject to the real emissions;

[0043] (A4)环保部门根据污染物排放的核准总量、所述污染物的排放量而控制污染源的关停与否; [0043] (A4) based on the amount approved by the Environmental Protection Department pollutant emissions, the emissions of pollutants and pollution control shut down or not;

[0044] (B1)根据所述脱硫效率及治理设施的运行率补贴业主单位的电价。 [0044] (B1) price subsidies unit owners in accordance with the desulfurization efficiency and operation of treatment facilities.

Claims (6)

  1. 1.一种污染物排放的监控方法,所述监控方法包括以下步骤:(A1)采集污染源的工作信息、污染物治理设施的工作信息,并传送到计算模块;安装在排放口的污染物监控设施测得的检测值传送到比对模块;(A2)计算模块根据所述污染源的工作信息而获得污染物的产生量,根据接收到的治理设施的工作信息获得污染物的去除量,从而获知污染物的真实排放量,并传送到比对模块;(A3)比对模块比较接收到的检测值和真实排放量:若差异量处于阈值范围内,污染物的排放量以所述检测值为准;若差异量超出所述阈值范围,污染物的排放量以所述真实排放量为准;(A4)环保部门根据污染物排放的核准总量、所述污染物的排放量而控制污染源的关停与否。 1. A method for monitoring emissions, said monitoring method comprising the steps of: (A1) collected operation information sources, work information management facility contaminants, and transferred to the computer module; mounted monitor pollutant discharge port facilities detected measured values ​​to the comparison module; (A2) calculation module according to the operation information obtained sources of pollutants produced, the removal of pollutants according to the obtained operation information received treatment facilities, and thereby learns real pollutant emissions, and transmitted to the comparison module; (A3) and the real value of the ratio of emission detection module compares the received: if the difference amount is within the threshold range, emissions to the detection value quasi; if the difference amount exceeds the threshold range, pollutant emissions subject to the real emissions; (A4) controlling environmental pollution department approved based on the amount of pollutant emissions, the emissions of pollutants shut down or not.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的监控方法,其特征在于:所述污染物包括二氧化硫。 2. The monitoring method according to claim 1, wherein: said pollutants including sulfur dioxide.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的监控方法,其特征在于:所述二氧化硫的产生量GSQ2的计算方式为:Gs〇2=I:Mf*2*a*(I:Sar/100),Mf为燃料的量,a为燃料到二氧化硫的转换率,Sar为燃料的硫份。 3. The monitoring method according to claim 2, wherein: the generation amount of sulfur dioxide is calculated GSQ2: Gs〇2 = I: Mf * 2 * a * (I: Sar / 100), Mf is amount of fuel, a is the rate of conversion of sulfur dioxide to fuel, Sar is sulfur fuel.
  4. 4.根据权利要求2所述的监控方法,其特征在于:所述二氧化硫的去除量&〇2减的计算方式为:Gs_f〇.64*G*P/n,G为脱硫剂使用量,P为脱硫剂纯度,n为钙硫比。 4. The monitoring method according to claim 2, wherein: the calculated removal amount of sulfur dioxide is reduced & 〇2: Gs_f〇.64 * G * P / n, G desulfurizing agent is used in an amount, P purity desulfurization agent, n is the ratio of calcium to sulfur.
  5. 5.根据权利要求2所述的监控方法,其特征在于:在步骤(A1)中,采集所述污染源和治理设施的运行信息,该运行信息对应于运行时间;在步骤(A2)中,计算模块进一步获得脱硫效率nap二氧化硫的去除量/二氧化硫的产生量,以及获得治理设施的运行率n治=I: Ti/ 2 T2; Ti为治理设施的运行时间,T2为污染源的运行时间;(B1)根据所述脱硫效率及治理设施的运行率补贴业主单位的电价。 The monitoring method according to claim 2, wherein: in step (A1), the operation of the information collection and pollution control facilities, and the operation information corresponding to the operation time; in step (A2), the computing removal module is further obtained desulfurization efficiency nap sulfur dioxide / generation of sulfur dioxide, and access control facility operation rate n rule = I: Ti / 2 T2; Ti is the running time of treatment facilities, T2 is sources run time; (Bl ) price subsidies unit owners in accordance with the desulfurization efficiency and operation of treatment facilities.
  6. 6.根据权利要求5所述的监控方法,其特征在于:所述运行信息包括温度、负荷。 6. The monitoring method according to claim 5, wherein: the operation information includes a temperature load.
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