CN103722608B - Concrete block injection molding machine and production process flow thereof - Google Patents

Concrete block injection molding machine and production process flow thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103722608B
CN103722608B CN201410032731.4A CN201410032731A CN103722608B CN 103722608 B CN103722608 B CN 103722608B CN 201410032731 A CN201410032731 A CN 201410032731A CN 103722608 B CN103722608 B CN 103722608B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
formwork
concrete
cylinder
oil cylinder
injection molding
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201410032731.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103722608A (en
Inventor
李德福
李乐
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Lin Ayan
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李德福
李乐
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Priority to CN201410032731.4A priority Critical patent/CN103722608B/en
Publication of CN103722608A publication Critical patent/CN103722608A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103722608B publication Critical patent/CN103722608B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B1/00Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material
    • B28B1/08Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by vibrating or jolting
    • B28B1/087Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by vibrating or jolting by means acting on the mould ; Fixation thereof to the mould
    • B28B1/0873Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by vibrating or jolting by means acting on the mould ; Fixation thereof to the mould the mould being placed on vibrating or jolting supports, e.g. moulding tables
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B15/00General arrangement or layout of plant Industrial outlines, plant installations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B17/00Details of, or accessories for, apparatus for shaping the material; Auxiliary measures taken in connection with such shaping
    • B28B17/0063Control arrangements
    • B28B17/0081Process control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B17/00Details of, or accessories for, apparatus for shaping the material; Auxiliary measures taken in connection with such shaping
    • B28B17/04Exhausting or laying dust

Abstract

The invention relates to a building material machine, and particularly relates to a concrete block injection molding machine and a production process flow thereof. The concrete block injection molding machine is characterized by comprising a frame, a concrete filling mechanism, an injection molding vibration mechanism, a mold shell forward positioning mechanism, a width adjusting lead rail and a control system, wherein the concrete filling mechanism is fixed on the frame by virtue of a fixing plate of an oil cylinder or a cylinder; the injection molding vibration mechanism is fixed on the frame by virtue of a plurality of shock absorption elastic elements and bolt components; the mold shell forward positioning mechanism is fixed on the frame by virtue of two telescopic cylinders or a cylinder of the mold shell forward positioning mechanism, and can be adjusted along the back and forth direction; the width adjusting lead rail is fixed on a vibration platform of the injection molding vibration mechanism by virtue of a bolt; a detection apparatus of the control system is also arranged at a corresponding position of the frame. The concrete block injection molding machine has the advantages of being small in energy consumption, small in investment, small in noise, free of dust in production, high in efficiency, and low in cost, and the produced block is good in surface quality and good in strength.

Description

A kind of concrete block injection molding machine and a production process flow thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to construction material machinery, be related specifically to a kind of concrete segment injection molding machine and production technology thereof Flow process.
Background technology
At present, in prior art, concrete segment has dryness concrete segment and plastic concrete building block and air entrained concrete Building block.The production equipment of dryness concrete segment is the most highly developed, but power consumption is big, and investment is big, and noise during production is big, produces On-the-spot dust is big, and the block surfaces produced is of poor quality and intensity is the poorest.The production status of plastic concrete building block is making one Batch formwork, then by the concrete being stirred with being manually poured in formwork with manually vibrating or machinery vibrates, this production work Although the product quality that skill is produced is good and intensity is the highest, but inefficiency, labor strength are big, labo r usage is big, production Cost is high.Air-entrained concrete building block equipment investment, power consumption, production site, production scene dust are all bigger than aforementioned two kinds of building blocks, The building block comprehensive quality produced is also not as aforementioned two kinds of building blocks.
Summary of the invention
Present invention aim to the deficiency overcoming prior art to exist, it is provided that consume energy little, invest little, making an uproar during production Sound is little, and production scene is without dust, and the block surfaces quality produced is good and intensity is good, produces effect height, and labor strength is little, people Work consumption is few, the concrete segment injection molding machine of a kind of plastic concrete building block mechanization automated production that production cost is low And the technological process of production.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of concrete segment injection molding machine, it is characterised in that this machine Moved ahead detent mechanism, width adjusting guide rail and control system group by frame, filling concrete mechanism, injection molding percussion mechanism, formwork Becoming, filling concrete mechanism is fixed in frame by the fixed plate of oil cylinder or cylinder, and injection molding percussion mechanism is by multiple shock-absorbings Elastic component and bolt assembly are fixed in frame, and the formwork detent mechanism that moves ahead is moved ahead two of detent mechanism flexible oil by formwork Cylinder or cylinder are fixed in frame and can adjust along the longitudinal direction, and width adjusting guide rail is bolted on injection molding percussion mechanism Vibration platen on, control system detection device be also mounted on the relevant position of frame.
In further technical scheme, above-described a kind of concrete segment injection molding machine, its frame angle steel or Cross section is that the shaped steel of rectangle is welded, and filling concrete mechanism is by least one oil cylinder cylinder, at least concrete conveyance Pipe, at least one nozzle arm of being welded on concrete delivery pipe and the flexible nozzle being enclosed within nozzle arm, by concrete At least one connector that conveying pipe is connected with oil cylinder or cylinder piston rod, by the locking of concrete delivery pipe and connector extremely Few one group of " u "-shaped anchor ear nut assembly composition, injection molding percussion mechanism is by vibration platen, vibrator, multiple shock-absorbing elastic component and spiral shell Bolt assembly forms, and the formwork detent mechanism that moves ahead is made up of at least one oil cylinder or cylinder, polylith location-plate, location-plate connecting rod, Width adjusting guide rail is the most symmetrical respectively sets one and width scalable, control system by PLC logic controller, Oil circuit or gas circuit, proximity switch and photoswitch detection piece composition.
In further technical scheme, above-described a kind of concrete segment injection molding machine, its filling concrete machine Structure is fixed in frame by the horizontal overhead of fixed plate of its oil cylinder or cylinder, and oil cylinder or cylinder are provided with two in the width direction, Concrete delivery pipe parallel before and after two is locked on two connectors by two groups of " u "-shaped anchor ear nut assemblies respectively, every Concrete delivery pipe is welded with at least one nozzle arm vertically downward, and each nozzle arm is cased with coordinating docking with formwork cast gate Flexible nozzle, the middle part of two connectors is separately fixed on two oil cylinders or cylinder piston rod by nut, injection molding jarring machine The vibration platen of structure is horizontally set on central rack, and vibrator is arranged on below vibration platen, and whole vibration platen is by many Individual shock-absorbing elastic component bolt assembly is connected with frame, and the rear portion of vibration platen has a plurality of formwork in the width direction and moves ahead location The stria that plate passes through, whole formwork move ahead detent mechanism respectively by two, left and right stretch fall oil cylinder or cylinder be fixed on vibration platen On the A-frame of two, the left and right of back lower place frame, the formwork location-plate connecting rod that moves ahead is disposed with polylith mould along frame width Shell moves ahead location-plate by nut, two ends are fixed on two, left and right and stretch on the piston rods of fall oil cylinder or cylinder, and formwork moves ahead fixed Position plate may pass through stria along fore-and-aft direction mobile regulation in stria, moves ahead detent mechanism in filling concrete mechanism and formwork Oil cylinder or cylinder piston rod stroke range in up and down be respectively arranged with detection proximity switch, before and after formwork moves ahead location-plate By frame the right and left relevant position equipped with formwork, fill concrete blinding, formwork put in place situation three to detection photoswitch.
In further technical scheme, above-described a kind of concrete segment injection molding machine, its logic control program Step is:
A. first pass through move ahead waiting of sequencing on vibration platen before location-plate of a pair formwork detection photoswitch detection formwork to fill The formwork of concrete is moved ahead by another and closes on after location-plate filling concrete blinding detection photoswitch detection formwork simultaneously The formwork of concrete has been filled on the vibration platen of position;
The formwork of the concrete to be filled b. not sequenced on vibration platen before judgement such as formwork moves ahead location-plate is simultaneously Formwork moves ahead has, on adjacent locations vibration platen, the formwork filling concrete after location-plate, formwork move ahead detent mechanism oil cylinder or Cylinder is in retracted mode;
C. before judgement such as formwork moves ahead location-plate, on vibration platen, there is the formwork mould simultaneously of the concrete to be filled sequenced Shell moves ahead and has the most filled the formwork of concrete after location-plate on adjacent locations vibration platen, sends instruction and allows formwork move ahead localization machine The oil cylinder of structure or cylinder start to stretch out;
D. detect, by the move ahead proximity switch of detent mechanism oil cylinder or the detection of cylinder telescopic location of formwork, the position stretched out Put;
E. through judging that such as formwork moves ahead detent mechanism oil cylinder or not in place continuation of cylinder extended position stretches out;
F. through judging to move ahead detent mechanism oil cylinder such as formwork or cylinder extended position puts in place, send instruct locking oil cylinder or Cylinder stops stretching out;
G. by photoswitch treat fill concrete formwork put in place situation detect;
H. not in place through judging the formwork of concrete to be filled, oil cylinder or the cylinder of filling concrete mechanism are in retraction State;
I. through judging that the formwork of concrete to be filled puts in place, send to instruct and allow the oil cylinder of filling concrete mechanism or cylinder Start to stretch out, make nozzle dock with formwork cast gate;
J. success or not is docked by proximity switch detection nozzle with formwork cast gate;
K. docking unsuccessful through judgement such as nozzle with formwork cast gate, concrete pump does not works;
L. dock successfully through judgement such as nozzle with formwork cast gate, send instruction and allow concrete conveyance pump work in formwork Concrete perfusion;
M., after concrete conveyance pump work time delay certain time, vibrator automatically turns on that (delay time can depending on different building blocks Adjust, it is possible to close vibrator);
N. fill mixed in detecting formwork by the pressure switch in concrete delivery pipe or infusion time set in advance The situation of solidifying soil;
O. process judgement is as little in the pressure in concrete delivery pipe can not trigger pressure switch or perfusion set in advance Between less than, then illustrate not fill formwork and continue perfusion;
P. through judging such as the pressure in concrete delivery pipe greatly to triggering pressure switch or perfusion set in advance Between to the most filling formwork, then send instruction allow vibrator, concrete pump quit work, the oil of filling concrete mechanism Cylinder or cylinder and formwork move ahead the oil cylinder of detent mechanism or cylinder is retracted;
Q. by proximity switch the oil cylinder of filling concrete mechanism or cylinder and formwork moved ahead detent mechanism oil cylinder or Cylinder is retracted and is detected;
R. through judging that the oil cylinder of such as filling concrete mechanism or cylinder and formwork move ahead the oil cylinder of detent mechanism or cylinder Retract not in place, then continue to retract;
S. through judging that the oil cylinder of such as filling concrete mechanism or cylinder and formwork move ahead the oil cylinder of detent mechanism or cylinder Retraction puts in place then locking;
T. it is marked with the formwork of concrete to send vibration table and enter and connect transition transport platform after mould;
U. the formwork arranged is sent to vibration table and carries out next circulation.
In further technical scheme, the cecum of above-described concrete delivery pipe is that ring flange is removable, in order to Disassembly, cleaning pipeline.
In further technical scheme, above-described a kind of concrete segment injection molding machine, its described shock-absorbing bullet Property part can be rubber part or outstanding profit glue product or spring, described flexible nozzle is rubber part or outstanding profit glue product.
In further technical scheme, above-described a kind of concrete segment injection molding machine, its front end or rear end or Front and back end is furnished with transition transport platform, and the table top of transition transport platform is made up of many thin roller solid matters.
Meanwhile, the present invention also provides for the technological process of production of a kind of concrete segment injection molding machine, and its idiographic flow is:
Flow process one: step 1, dispensing prepare foam simultaneously, step 2, sends the material prepared and the foam prepared into stirring Machine, step 3, stirring;The step the most simultaneously carried out with front step 1-3: step 1, assembled formwork, step 2, formwork arrange, and walk Formwork rapid 3, that will arrange sends into vibration platen, step 4, is located on vibration platen by the formwork arranged, step 5, The oil cylinder of filling concrete mechanism or cylinder stretch out and allow nozzle dock with the cast gate on formwork;The step simultaneously carried out side by side is whole Step 1, the work of concrete conveyance pump startup, step 2, pump concrete, step 3, past formwork is sequentially included the following steps: after completing Interior perfusion foamed concrete, step 4, irrigates complete closedown concrete pump, and step 5, formwork move ahead detent mechanism and coagulation The soil oil cylinder of filling mechanism or cylinder are retracted, step 6, the formwork filling foamed concrete is sent into after transition platform, step 7, Being transported to stack field stack, step 8, maintenance, step 9, the demoulding take building block, and step 10, finished product building block are transported to stack field and stack simultaneously Empty formwork is sent to clean in case follow-up use;
Flow process two: step 1, dispensing, step 2, the material feeding blender that will prepare, step 3, stirring;With front step 1-3 also The step that simultaneously carries out of row: step 1, assembled formwork, step 2, formwork arrange, and step 3, that the formwork arranged is sent into vibration is flat Platform, step 4, locates the formwork arranged on vibration platen, and step 5, the oil cylinder of filling concrete mechanism or cylinder are stretched Sell nozzle to dock with the cast gate on formwork;The step simultaneously carried out side by side sequentially include the following steps: after being fully completed step 1, Concrete conveyance pump startup works, step 2, pump concrete, step 3, toward the simultaneously vibrator startup of concrete perfusion in formwork Work, step 4, irrigates complete closedown concrete pump and vibrator, and step 5, formwork move ahead detent mechanism and concrete fills The note oil cylinder of mechanism or cylinder are retracted, step 6, the formwork filling concrete is sent into after transition platform, step 7, be transported to stack Field is stacked, step 8, maintenance, and step 9, the demoulding take building block, and step 10, finished product building block are transported to stack field stacking and send with space-time formwork Toward cleaning in case follow-up use.
The present invention compared with prior art has following significant advantage: with the production equipment phase of dryness concrete segment Ratio, consumes energy the least, one of final investment production equipment 20 being only dryness concrete segment, and noise during production is the least, Production scene does not has dust, and production efficiency is high, and production cost is low, and the block surfaces quality produced is good and intensity might as well.With mould Property concrete segment production compare:: production efficiency is high, and labor strength is little, and labo r usage is little, and production cost is low.With Air-entrained concrete building block equipment phase specific investment, power consumption, production site, production scene dust and integrated cost are the lowest the most, raw The building block comprehensive quality of output might as well.
The present invention is described in further detail with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 be front view be also the A-A sectional view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is Figure 1B-B sectional view;
Fig. 5 is the C-C sectional view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is the duty being in concrete perfusion with formwork after the nozzle of filling concrete mechanism of the present invention is docked Figure, rear end is furnished with transition transport platform;
Fig. 7 is the top view of Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the left view of Fig. 6;
Fig. 9 is the A partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 1;
Figure 10 is the B partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 1;
Figure 11 is the D partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 2;
Figure 12 is the C partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 2;
Figure 13 is the E partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 3;
Figure 14 is the F partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 3;
Figure 15 is the G partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 4;
Figure 16 is the H partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 4;
Figure 17 is the J partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 5;
Figure 18 is the logic control program block diagram of the present invention;
Figure 19 is the technological process of production (one) figure of the present invention;
Figure 20 is the technological process of production (two) figure of the present invention;
In figure: 1-frame, 2-proximity switch triggers sheet, 3-concrete conveyance pipe connections, 4-filling concrete mechanism vapour Cylinder, 5-formwork puts in place situation detection photoswitch, and 5 '-formwork puts in place the reflector of situation detection photoswitch, and 6-cylinder is solid Determine plate, 7-" U " hoop component, 8-concrete delivery pipe, 9-rubber nozzle, 10-formwork, 11-formwork cast gate, 12-vibration table, 13-formwork detection photoswitch, the reflector of 13 '-formwork detection photoswitch, 14-nozzle is docked detection with formwork cast gate and is connect Nearly switch, 15-docking detection proximity switch fixed plate, 15 '-docking detection proximity switch regulating tank, 16-has filled concrete blinding Detection photoswitch, the reflector of 16 '-filled concrete blinding detection photoswitch, 17-location-plate, 18-location-plate connects Bar, 19-location-plate stretch fall proximity switch fixed plate, 19 '-location-plate stretch fall proximity switch regulating tank, 20-location-plate stretch fall position Detection proximity switch, 21-A-frame, 22-formwork moves ahead detent mechanism cylinder, and 23-photoswitch fixed plate, 23 '-light is established by cable Closing fixed plate regulating tank, 24-vibrator, 25-bolt assembly, 26-shock-absorbing rubber blanket, 27-width adjusting guide rail, 28-nozzle is propped up Pipe, 29-cylinder retracted position detection proximity switch, 30-cecum ring flange, 31-location-plate regulating tank, 32-reflector fixed plate, 32 '-reflector fixed plate regulating tank, 33-rear end transition transport platform, 34-conveying roll, 35-detent mechanism cylinder adjustment groove.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ 5 and 9 ~ 18, a kind of concrete segment injection molding machine, by frame 1, filling concrete mechanism, note Mould percussion mechanism, formwork move ahead detent mechanism, width adjusting guide rail and control system composition, filling concrete mechanism passes through cylinder The fixed plate 6 of 4 is fixed in frame 1, and injection molding percussion mechanism is fixed by 10 shock-absorbing rubber blankets 26 and 10 groups of bolt assemblies 25 In frame 1, the formwork detent mechanism that moves ahead is fixed on vibration platen by move ahead two flexible cylinders 22 of detent mechanism of formwork On the A-frame 21 of the back lower place frame 1 of 12 and can regulating tank 35 fore-and-aft direction along A-frame 21 adjust, width is adjusted Joint guide rail 27 is bolted on the vibration platen 12 of injection molding percussion mechanism, and the detection device of control system is as close to opening Close, photoswitch is also mounted on the relevant position of frame 1.
In the present embodiment, frame 1 is welded with square shaped steel, and filling concrete mechanism is by 4, two, two cylinders The concrete delivery pipe 8, the five nozzle arms 28 being welded on every concrete delivery pipe 8 that are parallel to each other and be enclosed within nozzle and prop up 10 rubber nozzle 9 on pipe 28, two connectors 3 that concrete delivery pipe 8 is connected with cylinder 4 piston rod, by coagulation Soil conveying pipe 8 and four " U " property anchor ear nut assemblies 7 locking of connector 3 form, injection molding percussion mechanism by vibration platen 12, 24,10 shock-absorbing rubber blankets 26 of vibrator and 10 groups of bolt assemblies 25 form, and formwork moves ahead detent mechanism by two cylinders 22,14 Block location-plate 17, location-plate connecting rod 18 form, and width adjusting guide rail 27 is adjustable at the symmetrical each width of width Joint, control system is made up of PLC logic controller, oil circuit or gas circuit, proximity switch and photoswitch detection piece, control system Figure 18 is shown in by logic control program block diagram.
In the present embodiment, filling concrete mechanism is fixed in frame 1 by the horizontal overhead of fixed plate 6 of cylinder 4, gas Cylinder 4 is provided with two in the width direction, and concrete delivery pipe 8 parallel before and after two is respectively by two groups of " u "-shaped anchor ear nut groups Part 7 is locked on two connectors 3, and every concrete delivery pipe 8 is welded with five nozzle arms 28, each nozzle arm vertically downward 28 are cased with coordinating the rubber nozzle 9 of docking with formwork cast gate 11, and the middle part of two connectors 3 is separately fixed at two by nut On cylinder 4 piston rod, the vibration platen 12 of injection molding percussion mechanism is horizontally set in the middle part of frame 1, and vibrator 24 is arranged on vibration Below platform 12, whole vibration platen 12 is connected with frame 1 by 10 shock-absorbing rubber blankets 26 and 10 groups of bolt assemblies 25, shakes The rear portion of moving platform 12 has 14 formworks in the width direction and moves ahead the thin tuning groove 31 that location-plate 17 passes through, and whole formwork moves ahead Detent mechanism is stretched fall cylinder 22 by two, left and right respectively and is fixed on two, the left and right triangle of vibration platen 12 back lower place frame 1 and props up On frame 21, the formwork location-plate connecting rod 18 that moves ahead is disposed with 14 pieces of formworks along frame 1 width and moves ahead location-plate 17 passing through Two ends are fixed on two, left and right and stretch on the piston rods of fall cylinder 22 by nut, and the formwork location-plate 17 that moves ahead may pass through thin tuning groove 31 Along fore-and-aft direction mobile regulation, steam-cylinder piston throw of lever of the detent mechanism that moves ahead in filling concrete mechanism and formwork in groove In the range of be respectively arranged with the proximity switch of detection up and down such as: cylinder retracted position detection proximity switch 29, nozzle and formwork cast gate Fall position detection proximity switch 20 stretched by docking detection proximity switch 14, location-plate, corresponding before and after formwork moves ahead location-plate 17 Position puts situation detection photoswitch 5 in place equipped with three pairs of photoswitches such as: formwork and formwork puts in place situation detection photoswitch Reflector 5 ', formwork detection photoswitch 13 and formwork detection photoswitch reflector 13 ', fill concrete blinding detection light Electric switch 16 and filled concrete blinding detection photoswitch reflector 16 '.
In the present embodiment, its logic control program step is:
A. first pass through formwork detection photoswitch 13 to detect formwork and move ahead treating of sequencing on vibration platen 12 before location-plate 17 Fill the formwork of concrete to detect formwork and move ahead and close on after location-plate 17 by having filled concrete blinding detection photoswitch 16 simultaneously The formwork 10 of concrete has been filled on position vibration platen 12;
The formwork of the concrete to be filled b. not sequenced on vibration platen 12 before judgement such as formwork moves ahead location-plate 17 10 simultaneously formwork move ahead and have, on adjacent locations vibration platen 12, the formwork 10 filling concrete after location-plate 17, formwork moves ahead location It is motionless that the cylinder of mechanism is in retracted mode;
C. before judgement such as formwork moves ahead location-plate 17, on vibration platen 12, there is the formwork 10 of the concrete to be filled sequenced Formwork moves ahead and has the most filled the formwork 10 of concrete after location-plate 17 on adjacent locations vibration platen 12 simultaneously, sends instruction and allows mould The move ahead cylinder of detent mechanism of shell starts to stretch out;
D. detect, by the move ahead proximity switch 20 of detent mechanism cylinder 22 telescopic location detection of formwork, the position stretched out;
E. through judging that such as formwork detent mechanism cylinder 22 not in place continuation of extended position that move ahead stretches out;
F. through judging that formwork detent mechanism cylinder 22 extended position that moves ahead such as puts in place, send and instruct locking oil and gas cylinder 22 and stop Only stretch out;
G. by formwork put in place situation detection photoswitch 5 treat fill concrete formwork 10 put in place situation detect;
H. not in place through judging the formwork 10 of concrete to be filled, filling concrete mechanism cylinder 4 is in retracted mode Motionless;
I. through judging that the formwork 10 of concrete to be filled puts in place, send instruction and allow the cylinder 4 of filling concrete mechanism open Beginning stretches out, and makes nozzle 9 dock with formwork cast gate 11;
J. by nozzle dock with formwork cast gate detect proximity switch 14 detect nozzle 9 dock with formwork cast gate 11 successfully and No;
K. docking unsuccessful through judgement such as nozzle 9 with formwork cast gate 11, concrete pump does not works;
L. dock successfully through judgement such as nozzle 9 with formwork cast gate 11, send instruction and allow concrete conveyance pump work to mould Concrete perfusion in shell 10;
M., after concrete conveyance pump work time delay certain time, vibrator 24 automatically turns on that (delay time regards different building blocks Adjustable, it is possible to close vibrator);
N. by filling the situation of concrete in presetting the infusion time of concrete pump and detecting formwork;
O. through judge infusion time set in advance less than, then illustrate not fill formwork and continue to irrigate;
P. through judging if infusion time set in advance is to the most filling formwork 10, then send instruction and allow vibrator 24, concrete pump quits work, the move ahead cylinder 22 of detent mechanism of the cylinder 4 of filling concrete mechanism and formwork starts contracting Return;
Q. and stretched by location-plate the cylinder 4 of filling concrete mechanism by cylinder retracted position detection proximity switch 29 Fall position detection proximity switch 20 formwork is moved ahead detent mechanism cylinder 22 retract detection;
R. the cylinder 4 and formwork through judging such as filling concrete mechanism move ahead the cylinder 22 of detent mechanism retract less than Position, then continue to retract;
S. through judging that move ahead cylinder 22 retraction of detent mechanism of the cylinder 4 of filling concrete mechanism and formwork such as puts in place then Locking;
T. it is marked with the formwork 10 of concrete to send vibration table 12 and enter and connect mould rear end transition transport platform 33;
U. the formwork 10 arranged is sent to vibration table 12 and carries out next cycle of operation.
In the present embodiment, the cecum of concrete delivery pipe 8 is that cecum ring flange 30 is removable, in order to disassembly, cleaning pipe Road.
In the present embodiment, shock-absorbing elastic component is shock-absorbing rubber blanket 26, and described flexible nozzle is rubber nozzle 9.
In the present embodiment, rear end is furnished with rear end transition transport platform 33, and the table top of rear end transition transport platform is by 22 conveyings Roller 34 solid matter is constituted.
The technological process of production of the present embodiment has a following two:
As shown in figure 19, the technological process of production of foam concrete block: step 1, dispensing prepare foam simultaneously, step 2, The material prepared and the foam prepared are sent into blender, step 3, stirring;The step the most simultaneously carried out with front step 1-3: Step 1, assembled formwork, step 2, formwork arrange, and step 3, the formwork that will arrange send into vibration platen, step 4, will arrange Formwork locate on vibration platen, step 5, the oil cylinder of filling concrete mechanism or cylinder stretch out and allow on nozzle and formwork Cast gate docks;The step simultaneously carried out side by side sequentially includes the following steps: step 1, concrete conveyance pump startup work after being fully completed Make, step 2, pump concrete, step 3, toward perfusion foamed concrete in formwork, step 4, irrigate complete closedown concrete conveyance Pump, step 5, formwork move ahead detent mechanism and the oil cylinder of filling concrete mechanism or cylinder is retracted, and step 6, will fill foaming and mix The formwork of solidifying soil send into after transition platform, step 7, be transported to stack field and stack, step 8, maintenance, step 9, the demoulding take building block, step Rapid 10, finished product building block is transported to stack field and stacks and be sent to clean with space-time formwork in case follow-up use;As shown in figure 20, common plasticity is mixed The technological process of production of solidifying earth building blocks: step 1, dispensing, step 2, the material feeding blender that will prepare, step 3, stirring;With front The step that step 1-3 is carried out the most simultaneously: step 1, assembled formwork, the arrangement of step 2, formwork, step 3, the formwork that will arrange Send into vibration platen, step 4, the formwork arranged is located on vibration platen, step 5, the oil of filling concrete mechanism Cylinder or cylinder stretch out and allow nozzle dock with the cast gate on formwork;The step simultaneously carried out side by side is entered after being fully completed according to the following steps OK: step 1, concrete conveyance pump startup work, step 2, pump concrete, shake toward concrete perfusion in formwork at step 3 simultaneously Dynamic device startup work, step 4, irrigates complete closedown concrete pump and vibrator, step 5, formwork move ahead detent mechanism and The oil cylinder of filling concrete mechanism or cylinder are retracted, step 6, the formwork filling concrete is sent into after transition platform, step 7, Being transported to stack field stack, step 8, maintenance, step 9, the demoulding take building block, and step 10, finished product building block are transported to stack field and stack simultaneously Empty formwork is sent to clean in case follow-up use.
Fig. 6 ~ Fig. 8 is mixed in order to be better understood from the process condition of production and application of the present invention.
Understanding according to discussed in detail above, the present invention compared with prior art has following significant advantage: mix with dryness The production equipment of solidifying earth building blocks is compared, and owing to taking full advantage of the hydration reaction of cement, to solidify power consumption the least, and equipment is simple One of final investment production equipment 20 being only dryness concrete segment, noise during production is the least, and production scene does not has powder Dirt, production efficiency is high, and production cost is low, and the block surfaces quality produced is good and intensity might as well.With plastic concrete building block Production is compared:: simple to operate, production efficiency is high, and labor strength is little, and labo r usage is little, and production cost is low.Mix with aerating Solidifying earth building blocks equipment phase specific investment, power consumption, production site, production scene dust and integrated cost are the lowest the most, produce Building block comprehensive quality might as well.
The foregoing is only highly preferred embodiment of the present invention, all impartial changes done according to scope of the present invention patent with Modifying, the covering scope that all should belong to the present invention is protected.

Claims (8)

1. a concrete segment injection molding machine, it is characterised in that this machine is by frame, filling concrete mechanism, injection molding jarring machine Structure, formwork move ahead detent mechanism, width adjusting guide rail and control system composition, and filling concrete mechanism is by oil cylinder or cylinder Fixed plate is fixed in frame, and injection molding percussion mechanism is fixed in frame by multiple shock-absorbing elastic components and bolt assembly, formwork Move ahead detent mechanism by formwork move ahead detent mechanism two telescopic oil cylinders or cylinder is fixed in frame and can be along front and back To adjustment, width adjusting guide rail is bolted on the vibration platen of injection molding percussion mechanism, the detection device of control system It is also mounted on the relevant position of frame.
A kind of concrete segment injection molding machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that frame angle steel or cross section Shaped steel for rectangle is welded, filling concrete mechanism by least one oil cylinder or cylinder, at least concrete delivery pipe, At least one the nozzle arm being welded on concrete delivery pipe and the flexible nozzle being enclosed within nozzle arm, by concrete conveyance At least one connector that pipe is connected with oil cylinder or cylinder piston rod, at least that concrete delivery pipe and connector are locked Individual " u "-shaped hoop component forms, and injection molding percussion mechanism is by vibration platen, vibrator, multiple shock-absorbing elastic component and bolt assembly group Becoming, the formwork detent mechanism that moves ahead is made up of at least one oil cylinder or cylinder, polylith location-plate, location-plate connecting rod, width adjusting Guide rail respectively sets one and width scalable width is symmetrical, and control system is by PLC logic controller, oil circuit or gas Road, proximity switch and photoswitch detection piece composition.
A kind of concrete segment injection molding machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that filling concrete mechanism leads to The horizontal overhead of fixed plate crossing its oil cylinder or cylinder is fixed in frame, and oil cylinder or cylinder are provided with two in the width direction, two The most parallel concrete delivery pipe is locked on two connectors by two groups of " u "-shaped hoop components respectively, and every concrete is defeated Sending pipe to be welded with at least one nozzle arm vertically downward, each nozzle arm is cased with coordinating the flexible note of docking with formwork cast gate Mouth, the middle part of two connectors is separately fixed on two oil cylinders or cylinder piston rod by nut, shaking of injection molding percussion mechanism Moving platform is horizontally set on central rack, and vibrator is arranged on below vibration platen, and whole vibration platen is by multiple shock-absorbings Elastic component bolt assembly is connected with frame, and the rear portion of vibration platen has a plurality of formwork location-plate that moves ahead in the width direction and passes through Thin tuning groove, whole formwork moves ahead after detent mechanism is fixed on vibration platen by two, left and right telescopic oil cylinder or cylinder respectively On the A-frame of two, the left and right of lower methods, rack, the formwork location-plate connecting rod that moves ahead is disposed with polylith formwork along frame width Moved ahead location-plate being fixed at two ends on the piston rod of two telescopic oil cylinders in left and right or cylinder by nut, and formwork moves ahead location Plate may pass through thin tuning groove along fore-and-aft direction mobile regulation in stria, moves ahead localization machine in filling concrete mechanism and formwork The proximity switch of detection it is respectively arranged with up and down, before formwork moves ahead location-plate in the oil cylinder of structure or cylinder piston rod stroke range Afterwards by frame the right and left relevant position equipped with formwork, fill concrete blinding, formwork put in place situation three to detection photoswitch.
The control method of a kind of concrete segment injection molding machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that its logic Controlling program step is:
A. first pass through a pair formwork detection photoswitch detection formwork to move ahead the coagulation to be filled sequenced on vibration platen before location-plate The formwork of soil is moved ahead adjacent locations after location-plate to filling concrete blinding detection photoswitch detection formwork by another simultaneously The formwork of concrete has been filled on vibration platen;
The formwork of the concrete to be filled b. not sequenced on vibration platen before judgement such as formwork moves ahead location-plate formwork simultaneously Moving ahead and have, on adjacent locations vibration platen, the formwork filling concrete after location-plate, formwork moves ahead the oil cylinder of detent mechanism or cylinder It is in retracted mode;
C. before having the formwork formwork simultaneously of the concrete to be filled sequenced before judgement such as formwork moves ahead location-plate on vibration platen The most fill the formwork of concrete after row location-plate on adjacent locations vibration platen, sent instruction and allow formwork move ahead detent mechanism Oil cylinder or cylinder start to stretch out;
D. detect, by the move ahead proximity switch of detent mechanism oil cylinder or the detection of cylinder telescopic location of formwork, the position stretched out;
E. through judging that such as formwork moves ahead detent mechanism oil cylinder or not in place continuation of cylinder extended position stretches out;
F. through judging to move ahead detent mechanism oil cylinder such as formwork or cylinder extended position puts in place, send and instruct locking oil cylinder or cylinder Stopping is stretched out;
G. by formwork put in place situation detection photoswitch treat fill concrete formwork put in place situation detect;
H. not in place through judging the formwork of concrete to be filled, the oil cylinder of filling concrete mechanism or cylinder are in retraction shape State;
I. through judging that the formwork of concrete to be filled puts in place, send instruction and allow the oil cylinder of filling concrete mechanism or cylinder start Stretch out, make nozzle dock with formwork cast gate;
J. success or not is docked by proximity switch detection nozzle with formwork cast gate;
K. docking unsuccessful through judgement such as nozzle with formwork cast gate, concrete pump does not works;
L. dock successfully through judgement such as nozzle with formwork cast gate, send instruction and allow concrete conveyance pump work irrigate in formwork Concrete;
M., after concrete conveyance pump work time delay certain time, vibrator automatically turns on;
N. concrete is filled in detecting formwork by the pressure switch in concrete delivery pipe or infusion time set in advance Situation;
O. as little in the pressure in concrete delivery pipe pressure switch or infusion time set in advance can not be triggered not through judging Arrive, then illustrate that not filling formwork continues perfusion;
P. pressure switch can be triggered or infusion time set in advance arrives through judging that such as the pressure in concrete delivery pipe arrives greatly The most filled formwork, then send instruction allow vibrator, concrete pump quit work, the oil cylinder of filling concrete mechanism or Cylinder and formwork move ahead the oil cylinder of detent mechanism or cylinder is retracted;
Q. the oil cylinder of filling concrete mechanism or cylinder and formwork moved ahead the oil cylinder of detent mechanism or cylinder by proximity switch Retract and detect;
R. move ahead the oil cylinder of detent mechanism or cylinder retraction such as the oil cylinder of filling concrete mechanism or cylinder and formwork through judging Not in place, then continue to retract;
S. move ahead the oil cylinder of detent mechanism or cylinder retraction such as the oil cylinder of filling concrete mechanism or cylinder and formwork through judging Put in place then locking;
T. it is marked with the formwork of concrete to send vibration table and enter and connect transition transport platform after mould;
U. the formwork arranged is sent to vibration table and carries out next circulation.
A kind of concrete segment injection molding machine the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described concrete conveyance The cecum of pipe is detachable flange dish.
A kind of concrete segment injection molding machine the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described shock-absorbing elastic component For rubber part or outstanding profit glue product or spring, described flexible nozzle is rubber part or outstanding profit glue product.
A kind of concrete segment injection molding machine the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that front end or rear end or front and back End is furnished with transition transport platform, and the table top of transition transport platform is made up of many thin roller solid matters.
8. the technological process of production of a concrete segment injection molding machine, it is characterised in that:
Flow process one: step 1, dispensing prepare foam simultaneously, step 2, sends the material prepared and the foam prepared into blender, step Rapid 3, stirring;The step the most simultaneously carried out with front step 1-3: step 1, assembled formwork, the arrangement of step 2, formwork, step 3, general The formwork that arranges sends into vibration platen, step 4, is located on vibration platen by the formwork arranged, step 5, concrete The oil cylinder of filling mechanism or cylinder stretch out and allow nozzle dock with the cast gate on formwork;After the step simultaneously carried out side by side is fully completed Sequentially include the following steps: step 1, the work of concrete conveyance pump startup, step 2, pump concrete, perfusion in step 3, past formwork Foamed concrete, step 4, irrigates complete closedown concrete pump, and step 5, formwork move ahead detent mechanism and filling concrete The oil cylinder of mechanism or cylinder are retracted, step 6, the formwork filling foamed concrete is sent into after transition platform, step 7, be transported to heap Putting field to stack, step 8, maintenance, step 9, the demoulding take building block, and step 10, finished product building block are transported to stack field and stack with space-time formwork It is sent to clean in case follow-up use;
Flow process two: step 1, dispensing, step 2, the material feeding blender that will prepare, step 3, stirring;Same side by side with front step 1-3 The step of Shi Jinhang: step 1, assembled formwork, the arrangement of step 2, formwork, step 3, the formwork feeding vibration platen that will arrange, Step 4, being located on vibration platen by the formwork arranged, step 5, the oil cylinder of filling concrete mechanism or cylinder stretch out and allow Nozzle is docked with the cast gate on formwork;The step simultaneously carried out side by side sequentially includes the following steps: step 1, coagulation after being fully completed Soil delivery pump startup work, step 2, pump concrete, step 3, toward in formwork concrete perfusion while vibrator startup work, Step 4, irrigating complete closedown concrete pump and vibrator, step 5, formwork move ahead detent mechanism and filling concrete mechanism Oil cylinder or cylinder retract, step 6, by fill concrete formwork send into after transition platform, step 7, be transported to stack field stack, Step 8, maintenance, step 9, the demoulding take building block, and step 10, finished product building block are transported to stack field and stack and be sent to clean with space-time formwork.
CN201410032731.4A 2014-01-24 2014-01-24 Concrete block injection molding machine and production process flow thereof Expired - Fee Related CN103722608B (en)

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CN103921337B (en) * 2014-04-24 2015-12-09 河北工业大学 A kind of foam concrete heat-preserving plate continuous making machine tool for building
CN109159252A (en) * 2018-09-17 2019-01-08 嘉善凯达水泥构件有限公司 A kind of grouting device of cement components

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GB515523A (en) * 1938-05-31 1939-12-07 Charles Albert Coppin Improved machine for moulding concrete blocks and similar concrete articles
JP3051081B2 (en) * 1997-05-16 2000-06-12 株式会社タイガーマシン製作所 Casting concrete product molding equipment
CN2661403Y (en) * 2003-10-29 2004-12-08 曾云珏 Full automatic hydraulic concrete brick molding machine
CN2712583Y (en) * 2004-05-11 2005-07-27 西安银马实业发展有限公司 Polyphenylene concrete thermal insulation building blocks forming machine
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