CN103722447A - Oil water gas three-phase energy-saving minimal quantity lubrication system - Google Patents

Oil water gas three-phase energy-saving minimal quantity lubrication system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103722447A
CN103722447A CN201410012609.0A CN201410012609A CN103722447A CN 103722447 A CN103722447 A CN 103722447A CN 201410012609 A CN201410012609 A CN 201410012609A CN 103722447 A CN103722447 A CN 103722447A
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oil
gas
water
phase energy
nozzle body
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CN201410012609.0A
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CN103722447B (en
Inventor
李刚
吴启东
张乃庆
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Shanghai Jinzhao Energy Saving Technology Co Ltd
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Shanghai Jinzhao Energy Saving Technology Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/10Arrangements for cooling or lubricating tools or work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/10Arrangements for cooling or lubricating tools or work
    • B23Q11/1038Arrangements for cooling or lubricating tools or work using cutting liquids with special characteristics, e.g. flow rate, quality
    • B23Q11/1046Arrangements for cooling or lubricating tools or work using cutting liquids with special characteristics, e.g. flow rate, quality using a minimal quantity of lubricant
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/10Arrangements for cooling or lubricating tools or work
    • B23Q11/1076Arrangements for cooling or lubricating tools or work with a cutting liquid nozzle specially adaptable to different kinds of machining operations

Abstract

The invention discloses an oil water gas three-phase energy-saving minimal quantity lubrication system which comprises a minimal quantity oil injection device, a water solution injection device and a nozzle device. Minimal quantity lubricating oil is contained in the minimal quantity oil injection device, and water solutions are contained in the water solution injection device. Compressed air is introduced into the oil water gas three-phase energy-saving minimal quantity lubrication system and is divided into two paths, one path reaches the water solution injection device, the other path of the compressed air is divided into two branches, one branch passes the oil injection device, and the other branch is communicated with the nozzle device through a pipeline. The minimal quantity oil injection device and the water solution injection device are communicated with the nozzle device through pipelines. Flow of oil, gas and water is controlled, so that the problems that in the prior art, the water and the oil can not be evenly mixed, and the liquid outlet effect is not good are solved, and electricity use amount of an air compressor can be saved by 70-90%. Compared with a traditional lubricating technology, the oil water gas three-phase energy-saving minimal quantity lubrication system can reduce the use quantity of lubricants by more than 95% and reduce emission amount by more than 95%, and the energy conservation, emission reduction and environment protection effects are remarkable.

Description

Oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system
Technical field
The present invention relates to lubricating system, particularly a kind of oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system.
Background technology
In tradition machined field, metal processing is usually directed to the process that cutting, boring and tapping etc. easily cause workpiece steep temperature rise, and this class processing needs the CONTACT WITH FRICTION between workpiece, conventionally should carry out in good time lubricated.
At present, existing metal cold processing and lubrication and cooling cooling agent, emulsion or the cutting wet goods lubricating oil of adopting more, the lubricating oil of these kinds adds and is sprayed in a large number working position at metal man-hour, normally take the mode of uninterrupted shower to carry out, at other, do not need the position of Cooling and Lubricator to carry out same Cooling and Lubricator so yet, cause cooling medium consumption large, cause waste, and contaminated environment.
In order to overcome the above problems, in recent years the research of Minimal Quantity Lubrication Technology is had to very large progress, but, Minimal Quantity Lubrication Technology has adopted with compressed air as cooling medium and clearing up and processing chip, consumption is very large, the compressed air deficiency that often air compressor provides when the many covers of a workshop equipment minimum quantity lubrication device, the problems such as power consumption increase.In addition, when Dang Shui, oily two-phase are mixed input, can produce the separation of water oil and mix the problems such as inhomogeneous, thereby cause fluid poor effect, when for minimum quantity lubrication device, cannot reach good lubrication effect.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system, large with lubricant quantity in solution conventional art, environmental pollution is serious, thereby compressed air consumption causes greatly power consumption to increase, in prior art water oil mix inhomogeneous, the problem of fluid poor effect.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system, comprising: micro-fueling injection equipment, water spray solution device and spray nozzle device, be equipped with in minimum quantity lubrication device in micro lubricating oil and water spray solution device the aqueous solution be housed; Wherein, described micro-fueling injection equipment comprises: lubricating cup, the gentle dynamic frequency generator of precise pneumatic pump, arrange lubricating cup on described precise pneumatic pump, the fuel-displaced frequency of precise pneumatic pump described in described pneumatic frequency generator control; Described water spray solution device comprises: solution container and the control valve for fluids being communicated with described solution container; In described oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system, be connected with compressed air, described Compressed Gas is divided into two-way, and a road arrives water spray solution device; Another Compressed Gas bifurcation road, road, a branch road is by described micro-fueling injection equipment, and another branch road communicates with described spray nozzle device through pipeline; Described micro-fueling injection equipment and described water spray solution device are communicated with described spray nozzle device by pipeline respectively.
As preferably, described micro-fueling injection equipment also comprises: the first pressure regulation filter, described the first pressure regulation filter is arranged at pneumatic frequency generator front end, compressed air enters described the first pressure regulation filter bifurcation road: a branch road is by pneumatic frequency generator work described in described micro-fueling injection equipment control, and another branch road communicates with described spray nozzle device through pipeline;
Between described the first pressure regulation filter and described spray nozzle device, be provided with gas flow valve.
As preferably, described micro-fueling injection equipment also comprises: the first magnetic valve, described the first magnetic valve is arranged between described the first pressure regulation filter and described pneumatic frequency generator.
As preferably, the pipe head of described Compressed Gas is provided with the second magnetic valve.
As preferably, described water spray solution device also comprises: the second pressure regulation filter and liquid flow valve; The arrival end of described solution container is communicated with described the second pressure regulation filter through pipeline, and the port of export of described solution container is communicated with described spray nozzle device through described control valve for fluids and described liquid flow valve.
As preferably, on described solution container, be provided with pressure display unit.
As preferably, on described solution container, be provided with pressure-relief valve.
As preferably, described solution container top is provided with and adds aqueous solution mouth, and outer wall arranges liquid level charactron.
As preferably, on described precise pneumatic pump, be provided with lubricating oil adjusting device.
As preferably, when temperature is 40 ℃, the kinematic viscosity of described micro lubricating oil is not more than 160mm 2/ s;
In described 100 parts of aqueous solution, be dissolved with 0~3 part of borate, 0~3 part of phosphate.
As preferably, described spray nozzle device comprises: nozzle body, nested rings, mixing chamber and gas-liquid input mechanism; Wherein, the head of described nozzle body is cone, in described cone, is provided with fluid passage; The middle part of nozzle body is cylinder, and this cylinder and above-mentioned cone should be processed into smooth without joint surface.
Angle of inclination between described cylinder and cone is 15 °-30 °.
The middle part of described nozzle body and the inside of bottom are provided with the inner cavity chamber that a top is cone, and described inner cavity chamber is communicated with described fluid passage; On the middle part sidewall of described nozzle body, be at least provided with two pores; For guaranteeing the even outflow of gas and considering the stressed even of nested rings, often adopt all around, on four faces, symmetrical pore is set respectively.
The middle part of described nested rings and the described nozzle body formation interstitial structure that matches, its gap is 0.02mm~0.2mm, the bottom of described nested rings and the sealed bottom of described nozzle body agree with; Described mixing chamber is located in inner cavity chamber, corresponding to the position at nozzle body middle part; Described gas-liquid input mechanism comprises gas inlet pipe and at least two liquid input tubes, and described liquid input tube is communicated with described fluid passage after running through described inner cavity chamber, and described gas inlet pipe is connected with the bottom thread of described nozzle body.
As preferably, the angle of described cone planing surface is acute angle, and the angle of its planing surface is acute angle, and the angle of this acute angle is preferably 30 °-60 °.
One end of described nested rings is the chamfering that is acute angle, and the angle of this chamfering is preferably consistent with the angle of nozzle body head cone.
This chamfering is preferably the half left and right of nested rings entire length.The direction that its role is to eject in the further guide clearance of energy air-flow, carries out its cone surface direction along nozzle body head.
The angle of described inner cavity chamber top planing surface is obtuse angle.
The top of described mixing chamber is corresponding to the top of inner cavity chamber, and external diameter is less than the middle part of mixing chamber; Mixing chamber is installed on after inner cavity chamber, for guaranteeing its agreeing with property and compactness, a packing ring of being manufactured by rubber or metal is generally set in the position at mixing chamber top, the size shape of this packing ring is corresponding with the top of mixing chamber.
The middle part of the described mixing chamber inner cavity chamber corresponding with it forms tight structure; But after installing, the spray orifice on nozzle body should be avoided in the middle part of mixing chamber, thereby do not affect inflow and the outflow of gas.
After guaranteeing that gas flows into, there are enough flowing spaces, the bottom external diameter of described mixing chamber is less than the middle part of mixing chamber; Wherein, the position corresponding with fluid passage, the top of described mixing chamber is provided with a shower nozzle hole; The bottom of described mixing chamber is provided with at least two fluid input holes.Size shape and the fluid passage of shower nozzle match, and one end is fixed in fluid passage closely, and the other end stretches into mixing chamber inside, and the length that it stretches into mixing chamber inside is preferably greater than the half of mixing chamber total length.
The position of described mixing chamber and inner cavity chamber's laminating is also provided with a packing ring.
On described shower nozzle hole, be also provided with a shower nozzle, described shower nozzle and fluid passage match, and are fixed on closely in fluid passage.
The internal diameter of described nozzle body bottom is greater than the internal diameter at nozzle body middle part, in its position, boundary, is provided with a confined planes; Described gas inlet pipe is fixed on confined planes.
The length of described nested rings is not more than the middle part of nozzle body, can hide pore completely.This nested rings is preferably contour with the middle part of nozzle body.When nested rings and nozzle body install, after agreeing with completely, the bottom of nested rings caters on above-mentioned object disposing platform closely, forms the environment of a lower end sealing.Because the upper end of nested rings is opening shape, after nested rings and nozzle body install, thereby formed the sealing of lower end, upper end is the interstitial structure in gap in the form of a ring, due to the existence of this interstitial structure, when nozzle body inside is full of Compressed Gas, Compressed Gas flows in the gap of nested rings and nozzle body by the pore on nozzle body surface, in annular channel, accelerate, to reach transonic speed, from nozzle ring, blow out at a high speed, the high velocity air of pencil can form in nozzle side strong region of no pressure, thereby realize the solar term principle that pulls large quantity of air around to work together.Gas has passed through a process that compression is amplified, and therefore, compressed air can be banished at least 10 times greatly, the compressed air consumption of decreased average 70%~90%.
In addition, the inside of nozzle body is also provided with the inner cavity chamber that a top is cone; The angle of this top cone section is the obtuse angle of 100 °-120 °.Inner cavity chamber top is inclined-plane, and too fast when gas flow rate, under the too saturated state of gas flow, the inclined-plane at top can play the effect of a buffering.The top of inner cavity chamber also has a fluid passage communicating with spray-hole.In addition, mixing chamber is located in inner cavity chamber, corresponding to the position at nozzle body middle part.
In practice show as large pipe box tubule, liquid input tube, enters in mixing chamber by fluid input hole through gas inlet pipe from the inside of gas inlet pipe.
After liquid input tube installs, for its liquid is mixed completely, preferably liquid input tube is passed to the top of mixing chamber.In practice, by the continuous ejection of two kinds of liquid, after constantly mixing, flow to the bottom of inner cavity chamber in inner cavity chamber, when internal pressure is greater than external air pressure, above-mentioned mixed liquid is via shower nozzle, in spray-hole by fluid passage from nozzle body, spray, in fact the liquid of ejection is Water-In-Oil drop.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages: the present invention is arranged to a whole system by oil, gas, three pipelines of water, and by Compressed Gas, control the flow of oil gas water simultaneously, thereby the oil gas water ratio ejecting in fine adjustment oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system, and then the mixing of water oil is inhomogeneous in solution prior art, the problem of fluid poor effect.Compared with conventional lubrication technology; application the present invention can reduce the use amount of lubricant and discharge capacity more than 95%, and native system can be banished compressed air at least 10 times greatly, the compressed air consumption of decreased average 70%~90% simultaneously; power savings is obvious, and energy-saving and emission-reduction, environmental protection effect are remarkable.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the connection diagram of oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the stereogram of oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the front view of oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the left view of oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the top view of oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of spray nozzle device in the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 8 is the working state schematic representation of spray nozzle device in the embodiment of the invention.
Shown in figure:
1-casing;
2-trace fueling injection equipment, 21-lubricating cup, 22-precise pneumatic pump, the pneumatic frequency generator of 23-, 24-the first pressure regulation filter, 25-the first magnetic valve;
3-water spray solution device, 31-the second pressure regulation filter, 32-solution container, 33-control valve for fluids, 34-liquid flow valve, 35-pressure-relief valve, 36-pressure display unit, 37-add aqueous solution mouth, 38-liquid level charactron;
4-spray nozzle device, 410-nozzle body, 411-cone, 412-cylinder, 413-hexagonal prism, 414-pore, 415-object disposing platform, 416-fluid passage, 417-inner cavity chamber, 420-nested rings, 430-gas-liquid input mechanism, 431-gas inlet pipe, 432-first liquid input pipe, 433-second liquid input pipe, 434-shower nozzle, 440-mixing chamber, 450-packing ring;
5-the second magnetic valve, 6-gas flow valve.
The specific embodiment
For above-mentioned purpose of the present invention, feature and advantage can be become apparent more, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in detail.It should be noted that, accompanying drawing of the present invention all adopts the form of simplification and all uses non-ratio accurately, only in order to convenient, the object of the aid illustration embodiment of the present invention lucidly.
As shown in Fig. 1~6, oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system provided by the invention, comprising: micro-fueling injection equipment 2, water spray solution device 3 and spray nozzle device 4, in minimum quantity lubrication device 2, micro lubricating oil is housed, and in water spray solution device 3, the aqueous solution is housed; Wherein, described micro-fueling injection equipment 2 comprises: lubricating cup 21, the gentle dynamic frequency generator 23 of precise pneumatic pump 22, on described precise pneumatic pump 22, lubricating cup 21 is set, and described pneumatic frequency generator 23 is controlled the fuel-displaced frequency of described precise pneumatic pump 22;
Described water spray solution device 3 comprises: solution container 32 and the control valve for fluids 33 being communicated with described solution container 32;
In described oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system, be connected with compressed air, described Compressed Gas is divided into two-way, and a road arrives water spray solution device 3; Another Compressed Gas bifurcation road, road, a branch road is by described micro-fueling injection equipment 2, and another branch road communicates with described spray nozzle device 4 through pipeline; Described micro-fueling injection equipment 2 and described water spray solution device 3 are communicated with described spray nozzle device 4 by pipeline respectively.
As preferably, described micro-fueling injection equipment 2 is also provided with the first pressure regulation filter 24, described the first pressure regulation filter 24 is arranged at pneumatic frequency generator 23 front ends, compressed air enters described the first pressure regulation filter 24 bifurcation roads: a branch road is controlled described pneumatic frequency generator 23 by described micro-fueling injection equipment 2 and worked, and another branch road communicates with described spray nozzle device 4 through pipeline;
Between described the first pressure regulation filter 24 and described spray nozzle device 4, be provided with gas flow valve 6.
As preferably, described micro-fueling injection equipment 2 also arranges: the first magnetic valve 25, described the first magnetic valve 25 is arranged between described the first pressure regulation filter 24 and described pneumatic frequency generator 23.
As preferably, the pipe head of described Compressed Gas is provided with the second magnetic valve 5, for controlling the break-make of described Compressed Gas.
As preferably, described water spray solution device 3 comprises: the second pressure regulation filter 31 and liquid flow valve 34; The arrival end of described solution container 32 is communicated with described the second pressure regulation filter 31 through pipeline, and the port of export of described solution container 32 is communicated with described spray nozzle device 4 through described control valve for fluids 33 and described fluid flow device 34.
As preferably, on described solution container 32, be provided with pressure display unit 36, for showing the compression pressure of solution container 32.
As preferably, on described solution container 32, be provided with the pressure-relief valve 35 for safeguard protection.
As preferably, described solution container 32 tops are provided with and add aqueous solution mouth 37, and outer wall arranges liquid level charactron 38, and described liquid level charactron 38 communicates with the aqueous solution in solution container 32, for showing the aqueous solution surplus of solution container 32.
As preferably, on described precise pneumatic pump 22, be provided with lubricating oil adjusting device, accurately control the oil pump capacity of described precise pneumatic pump 22.
As preferably, in solution container 32, in the aqueous solution of every 100 parts, be dissolved with 0~3 part of borate, 0~3 part of phosphate, the micro lubricating oil in lubricating cup 21, when temperature is 40 ℃, kinematic viscosity is not more than 160mm2/s; The micro lubricating oil using in lubricating cup 21 is base oil and/or lube oil additive.Wherein, base oil is one or more in vegetable oil, synthetic ester, mineral oil; Described lube oil additive is one or more in resistance to compression antiwear additive, antirust agent, dispersant.
Further, compacter for described oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system is installed, be also provided with casing 1.Wherein, the second magnetic valve 5, solution container 32, liquid control valve 33, liquid control valve 34, liquid display tube 38, precise pneumatic pump 22, pneumatic frequency generator 23, the first magnetic valve 25 are arranged in this casing 1; Lubricating cup 21, pressure-relief valve 35, pressure display unit 36, adds aqueous solution mouth 37 and is arranged at casing 1 top, pressure regulation filter 24, pressure regulation filter 31, and compressed air inlet is connected spray nozzle device 4 outlet with Oil, Water, Gas is arranged at casing 1 one sides.
Please refer to Fig. 7~8, described spray nozzle device 4 comprises: nozzle body 410, nested rings 420, mixing chamber 440 and gas-liquid input mechanism 430; Wherein, the head of described nozzle body 410 is cone 411, in described cone 411, is provided with fluid passage 416; The middle part of nozzle body 410 is cylinder 412, is smooth without joint surface between this cylinder 412 and above-mentioned cone 411.Angle of inclination between this cylinder 412 and cone 411 is 15 °~30 °.
The middle part of described nozzle body 410 and the inside of bottom are provided with the inner cavity chamber 417 that a top is cone, and described inner cavity chamber 417 is communicated with described fluid passage 416; On the middle part sidewall (being cylinder 412 sidewalls) of described nozzle body 410, be at least provided with two pores 414; Described nested rings 420 and the middle part of the described nozzle body 410 formation interstitial structure that matches, pore 414 is communicated with this interstitial structure with described inner cavity chamber 417.The gap of this interstitial structure is 0.02mm~0.2mm, and the sealed bottom of the bottom of described nested rings 420 and described nozzle body 410 agrees with.
Particularly, the upper end of nested rings 420 is opening shape, and the sealed bottom of the bottom of described nested rings 420 and described nozzle body 410 agrees with.Therefore, after nested rings 420 and nozzle body 410 install, thereby formed the sealing of lower end, upper end is the interstitial structure in gap in the form of a ring, due to the existence of this interstitial structure, when nozzle body 410 inside are full of Compressed Gas, Compressed Gas flows into by the pore 414 on nozzle body 410 surfaces in the gap of nested rings 420 and nozzle body 410, compressed air accelerates in annular channel, to reach transonic speed, from nozzle ring, blow out at a high speed, the high velocity air of pencil can form in nozzle side strong region of no pressure, thereby realize the solar term principle that pulls large quantity of air around to work together.Because gas has passed through a process that compression is amplified, therefore, compressed air require can be amplified at least 10 times, the compressed air consumption of decreased average 70%-90%, strengthens 10 times of above effects thereby realize fan-out capability.
As preferably, for guaranteeing the even outflow of Compressed Gas and considering the stressed even of nested rings 420, often adopt all around, on four faces, symmetrical pore 414 is set respectively.Conventionally, the length of this nested rings 420 is not more than the middle part of nozzle body 410, can hide pore 414 completely.
Further, the bottom of nozzle body 410 is hexagonal prism 413, and the external diameter of this hexagonal prism 413 is greater than the external diameter at nozzle body 410 middle parts, therefore, in appearance, the intersection at the bottom of nozzle body 410 (top of hexagonal prism 413) and middle part forms an object disposing platform 415.The top of described nested rings 420 is placed on this object disposing platform 415, and is tightly connected with this object disposing platform 415.In other words, when nested rings 420 and nozzle body 410 install, after agreeing with completely, the bottom of nested rings 420 caters on above-mentioned object disposing platform 415 closely, forms the environment of a lower end sealing.
Described mixing chamber 440 is located in inner cavity chamber 417, corresponding to the position at nozzle body 410 middle parts; Described gas-liquid input mechanism 430 comprises gas inlet pipe 431 and at least two liquid input tubes.The present embodiment preferably adopts first liquid input pipe 432 and 433 two liquid input tubes of second liquid input pipe.Described first, second liquid input tube 432,433 is communicated with described fluid passage 416 after running through described inner cavity chamber 417, and described gas inlet pipe 431 is connected with the bottom thread of described nozzle body 410.
As preferably, the angle of described cone 411 planing surfaces is acute angle, and the angle of this acute angle is preferably 30 °-60 °.
One end of described nested rings 420 is the chamfering that is acute angle, and the angle of this chamfering is preferably consistent with the angle of nozzle body 410 head cones 411.This chamfering is preferably the half left and right of nested rings 420 entire length.The direction that its role is to eject in the further guide clearance of energy air-flow, carries out its cone 411 surface direction along nozzle body 410 heads.
The angle of described inner cavity chamber 417 top planing surfaces is obtuse angle.
As preferably, the top of described mixing chamber 440 is corresponding to the top of inner cavity chamber 417, and external diameter is less than the middle part of mixing chamber 440; Mixing chamber 440 is installed on after inner cavity chamber 417, for guaranteeing its agreeing with property and compactness, a packing ring 450 of being manufactured by rubber or metal is generally set in the position at mixing chamber 440 tops, the size shape of this packing ring 450 is corresponding with the top of mixing chamber 440.
The middle part of described mixing chamber 440 inner cavity chamber 417 corresponding with it forms tight structure; But after installing, the spray orifice on nozzle body 410 should be avoided in the middle part of mixing chamber 440, thereby do not affect inflow and the outflow of gas.
After guaranteeing that gas flows into, there are enough flowing spaces, the bottom external diameter of described mixing chamber 440 is less than the middle part of mixing chamber 440; Wherein, the position corresponding with fluid passage 416, the top of described mixing chamber 440 is provided with a shower nozzle hole; The bottom of described mixing chamber 440 is provided with at least two fluid input holes.The size shape of shower nozzle and fluid passage 416 match, and one end is fixed in fluid passage 416 closely, and the other end stretches into mixing chamber 440 inside, and the length that it stretches into mixing chamber 440 inside is preferably greater than the half of mixing chamber 440 total lengths.
On described shower nozzle hole, be also provided with a shower nozzle 434, described shower nozzle 434 matches with fluid passage 416, is fixed on closely in fluid passage 416.
The internal diameter of described nozzle body 410 bottoms is greater than the internal diameter at nozzle body 410 middle parts, in its position, boundary, is provided with a confined planes; Described gas inlet pipe 431 is fixed on confined planes.This confined planes is for blocking advancing of gas inlet pipe 431, and by its spacing being fixed on this confined planes, guarantee that gas inlet pipe 431 there will not be in use, because misoperation or other reasons cause tracheae to slip into the situation at nozzle body 410 middle parts, thereby guaranteed fluency and the continuation of gas in native system.
The length of described nested rings 420 is not more than the middle part of nozzle body 410, can hide pore 414 completely.This nested rings 420 middle part preferred and nozzle body 410 is contour.When nested rings 420 and nozzle body 410 install, after agreeing with completely, the bottom of nested rings 420 caters on above-mentioned object disposing platform 415 closely, forms the environment of a lower end sealing.In addition, the angle of the top cone section of the inner cavity chamber 417 of nozzle body 410 is the obtuse angle of 100 °-120 °.Inner cavity chamber 417 tops are inclined-plane, and too fast when gas flow rate, under the too saturated state of gas flow, the inclined-plane at top can play the effect of a buffering.
In practice show as large pipe box tubule, first, second liquid input tube 432,433 inside from gas inlet pipe 431, through gas inlet pipe 431, enter in mixing chamber 440 by fluid input hole.
After first, second liquid input tube 432,433 installs, for its liquid is mixed completely, preferably first, second liquid input tube 432,433 is passed to the top of mixing chamber 440.In practice, by the continuous ejection of two kinds of liquid, after constantly mixing, flow to the top of inner cavity chamber 417 in inner cavity chamber 417,
When internal pressure is greater than external air pressure, above-mentioned mixed liquid, via shower nozzle 434, sprays from the top of nozzle body 410 by fluid passage 416, and in fact the liquid of ejection is Water-In-Oil drop.
Please refer to Fig. 1~8, describe the course of work of described oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system below in detail:
Compressed Gas is point two-way after pipeline enters the second magnetic valve 5, one road Compressed Gas is through the second pressure regulation filter 31, enter solution container 32, the aqueous solution preparing in solution container 32 is extruded, through control valve for fluids 33, after the accurate adjustment of liquid flow valve 34, enter spray nozzle device 4 again;
Another road Compressed Gas is divided into two branch roads through the first pressure regulation filter 24, one branch road Compressed Gas is after the first magnetic valve 25, enter pneumatic frequency generator 23, drive precise pneumatic pump 22 by micro lubricating oil, from lubricating cup 21, pump supply nozzle device 4 after the accurate quantification of precise pneumatic pump 22 is adjusted;
Another branch road Compressed Gas directly enters gas flow valve 6, after precisely adjusting, enters spray nozzle device 4;
The Oil, Water, Gas that above-mentioned three pipelines provide mixes and forms gas bag oil, the ejection of water in oil drop in spray nozzle device 4, to the surface of processing work.The flow regime of Oil, Water, Gas in spray nozzle device 4 as shown in Figure 7,
Setting first liquid input pipe 432 is that oil inlet pipe, second liquid input pipe 433 are water inlet pipe, oil Lo, water Lw pass into the top of inner cavity chamber 417 after fully mixing in mixing chamber 440, in the present embodiment, the water yield of water pipe is greater than the oil pump capacity of oil pipe, after liquid sprays, under double action due to liquid pipe internal pressure and mixing chamber 440 top pressures, after fluid, can realize Water-In-Oil drop, mixed liquor Lmix can be via shower nozzle from spray-hole ejection mixed liquor Lmix.And Compressed Gas G enters into inner cavity chamber 417 through gas inlet pipe 431, when being full of inner cavity chamber 417, Compressed Gas G can enter into interstitial structure by pore 414, flow out after interstitial structure, can move on along the direction of nozzle body 410 heads.After outflow, owing to having certain mantle friction between nozzle body 410 surfaces of flowing through when Compressed Gas G and it, can cause the flow velocity of Compressed Gas G to slow down.Because the curvature of cone 411 is in the present invention very little, according to the bernoulli principle in hydrodynamics, the slowing down of air-flow velocity can cause this Compressed Gas G to be attracted on body surface flowing.Therefore, the above-mentioned Compressed Gas G flowing out rapidly, flowing out after interstitial structure, can move on along the direction of nozzle body 410 heads, parcel mixed liquor Lmix, and then the drop that forms gas bag oil, water in oil form is ejected into surface of the work.
As can be seen here, after the nozzle that the present embodiment is provided is installed in minimum quantity lubrication device, utilize pressed gas to reach air-cooled object to metal working position, utilize gas mixing water after this device amplifies to become with lubricating oil working position to be carried out after Water-In-Oil drop that accurately fixed point is lubricated simultaneously, solve gas in existing micro lubricating and expended large problem, solve the problem that liquid mixes, saved power supply simultaneously, and there is the lubricating oil of saving and the feature of environmental protection more.
In addition, the design in many places chamfering or angle space can be amplified the practical function of the present embodiment, and the device that the present embodiment is related to is more good.
Obviously, those skilled in the art can carry out various changes and modification and not depart from the spirit and scope of the present invention invention.Like this, if within of the present invention these are revised and modification belongs to the scope of the claims in the present invention and equivalent technologies thereof, the present invention is also intended to including these changes and modification.

Claims (11)

1. an oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system, is characterized in that, comprising: micro-fueling injection equipment, water spray solution device and spray nozzle device, be equipped with in micro-fueling injection equipment in micro lubricating oil and water spray solution device the aqueous solution be housed; Wherein,
Described micro-fueling injection equipment comprises: lubricating cup, the gentle dynamic frequency generator of precise pneumatic pump, arrange lubricating cup on described precise pneumatic pump, the fuel-displaced frequency of precise pneumatic pump described in described pneumatic frequency generator control;
Described water spray solution device comprises: solution container and the control valve for fluids being communicated with described solution container;
In described oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system, be connected with compressed air, described Compressed Gas is divided into two-way, and a road arrives water spray solution device;
Another Compressed Gas bifurcation road, road, a branch road is by described micro-fueling injection equipment, and another branch road communicates with described spray nozzle device through pipeline;
Described micro-fueling injection equipment and described water spray solution device are communicated with described spray nozzle device by pipeline respectively.
2. oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described micro-fueling injection equipment also comprises: the first pressure regulation filter, described the first pressure regulation filter is arranged at pneumatic frequency generator front end, compressed air enters described the first pressure regulation filter bifurcation road: a branch road is by pneumatic frequency generator work described in described micro-fueling injection equipment control, and another branch road communicates with described spray nozzle device through pipeline;
Between described the first pressure regulation filter and described spray nozzle device, be provided with gas flow valve.
3. oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that, described micro-fueling injection equipment also comprises: the first magnetic valve, described the first magnetic valve is arranged between described the first pressure regulation filter and described pneumatic frequency generator.
4. oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the pipe head of described Compressed Gas is provided with the second magnetic valve.
5. oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described water spray solution device also comprises: the second pressure regulation filter and liquid flow valve; The arrival end of described solution container is communicated with described the second pressure regulation filter through pipeline, and the port of export of described solution container is communicated with described spray nozzle device through described control valve for fluids and described liquid flow valve.
6. oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, on described solution container, is provided with pressure display unit.
7. oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, on described solution container, is provided with pressure-relief valve.
8. oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described solution container top is provided with and adds aqueous solution mouth, and outer wall arranges liquid level charactron.
9. oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, on described precise pneumatic pump, is provided with lubricating oil adjusting device.
10. oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, when temperature is 40 ℃, the kinematic viscosity of described micro lubricating oil is not more than 160mm 2/ s;
In described 100 parts of aqueous solution, be dissolved with 0~3 part of borate, 0~3 part of phosphate.
11. oil-water-gas three-phase energy saving micro lubricating systems as described in as arbitrary in claim 1~10, is characterized in that, described spray nozzle device comprises: nozzle body, nested rings, mixing chamber and gas-liquid input mechanism; Wherein,
The head of described nozzle body is cone, in described cone, is provided with fluid passage;
The middle part of described nozzle body and the inside of bottom are provided with the inner cavity chamber that a top is cone, and described inner cavity chamber is communicated with described fluid passage;
On the middle part sidewall of described nozzle body, be at least provided with two pores;
The middle part of described nested rings and the described nozzle body formation interstitial structure that matches, and the bottom of described nested rings and the sealed bottom of described nozzle body agree with; The length of described nested rings is not more than the middle part of nozzle body, can hide pore completely; The gap width of described interstitial structure is: 0.02mm~0.2mm;
Described mixing chamber is located in inner cavity chamber, corresponding to the position at nozzle body middle part;
Described gas-liquid input mechanism comprises gas inlet pipe and at least two liquid input tubes, and described liquid input tube is communicated with described fluid passage after running through described inner cavity chamber, and described gas inlet pipe is connected with the bottom thread of described nozzle body;
The top of described mixing chamber is corresponding to the top of inner cavity chamber, and external diameter is less than the middle part of mixing chamber; The middle part of the described mixing chamber inner cavity chamber corresponding with it forms tight structure; The bottom external diameter of described mixing chamber is less than the middle part of mixing chamber; Wherein, the position corresponding with fluid passage, the top of described mixing chamber is provided with a shower nozzle hole; The bottom of described mixing chamber is provided with at least two fluid input holes;
The position of described mixing chamber and inner cavity chamber's laminating is also provided with a packing ring;
On described shower nozzle hole, be also provided with a shower nozzle, described shower nozzle and fluid passage match, and are fixed on closely in fluid passage.
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CN106625008A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-10 上海金兆节能科技有限公司 Intelligent oil-water-gas three-phase micro quantity lubrication system
CN106826391B (en) * 2017-03-14 2019-06-21 江苏科技大学 A kind of nano-fluid oil film water droplet electrostatic controllable jet cutting process and device
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CN109158946A (en) * 2018-08-23 2019-01-08 重庆大学 Digitize three-phase lubricating system with trace amount and micro-lubricating cutting method for establishing model
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CN109366249A (en) * 2018-10-18 2019-02-22 广东工业大学 A kind of drilling process of grease combined mist cooling and lubricating
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