CN103721511A - Oil demister - Google Patents

Oil demister Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103721511A
CN103721511A CN201310717983.6A CN201310717983A CN103721511A CN 103721511 A CN103721511 A CN 103721511A CN 201310717983 A CN201310717983 A CN 201310717983A CN 103721511 A CN103721511 A CN 103721511A
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China
Prior art keywords
oil
water tank
cyclone separator
water
pipeline
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Granted
Application number
CN201310717983.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103721511B (en
Inventor
林小平
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Ningbo Xinzhi Huadong Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.
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林小平
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Priority claimed from CN201310694256.2 external-priority
Application filed by 林小平 filed Critical 林小平
Priority to CN201310717983.6A priority Critical patent/CN103721511B/en
Publication of CN103721511A publication Critical patent/CN103721511A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103721511B publication Critical patent/CN103721511B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses an oil demister, comprising a cyclone separator, an intake mechanism, a spraying mechanism and a water tank, wherein the water tank is arranged below the cyclone separator and communicated with the cyclone separator; an oil discharge mechanism is arranged outside the cyclone separator; an ultrasonic emission unit for emitting an ultrasonic wave to the internal part of the water tank is arranged at the bottom of the water tank; the oil discharge mechanism comprises an oil collection tank and a first pipeline; the first pipeline is communicated with the water tank and the oil collection tank; the port of the first pipeline inside the water tank is an oil inlet; the oil inlet of the first pipeline is horizontally arranged and 2-3cm higher than the water level inside the water tank; the oil collection tank is communicated with the cyclone separator; the demister is arranged at the output end of the cyclone separator; the intake mechanism comprises a venturi tube and a second pipeline; an air inlet of the intake mechanism is formed at one end of the venturi tube; an air outlet of the intake mechanism is formed at the other end of the venturi tube; the other end of the venturi tube is communicated with the cyclone separator through a second pipeline. The oil demister has the advantages of being convenient to operate, realizing real-time cleaning of oil slick on the water surface, and achieving the oil mist removal efficiency of up to 95%.

Description

A kind of oil removing day with fog
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of exhaust gas purification equipment, especially relate to a kind of oil removing day with fog.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of industrial technology, industrial production has progressively realized automation, has inevitably made various automation equipments in industrial automation process.The tail gas that automation equipment produces in the course of the work contains mist of oil conventionally, if these tail gas are directly discharged in air, and will be to environment.In order to prevent tail gas pollution environment, generally by oil removing day with fog, tail gas is processed at present the gas output after being purified after the mist of oil in tail gas is separated.
Existing oil removing day with fog generally comprises admission gear, water spraying mechanism, cyclone separator and water tank, water spraying mechanism mixes tail G&W for the air inlet place water spray in admission gear, admission gear is communicated with cyclone separator for the mixture of tail G&W is inputted to cyclone separator, and water tank is communicated with cyclone separator for receiving the oil-containing water that cyclone separator is separated.The course of work of this oil removing day with fog is: first in water tank, pack appropriate water into, the tail gas that equipment is discharged is input in admission gear, water droplet is sprayed at the air inlet place that water spraying mechanism connects water source Hou admission gear, after mixing with water, tail gas is input in cyclone separator through admission gear, the mixture of tail gas and water is realized Oil-gas Separation under cyclone separator effect, isolated gas is by the output output of cyclone separator, isolated oil-containing water is deposited in water tank and mixes with the water in water tank along the madial wall of cyclone separator, because the density ratio water of oil is little, elaioleucite is understood progressively slowly float on the surface separation with water and is formed one deck oil slick under self gravitation, when oil slick is accumulated to after certain thickness, equipment management personnel is opened water tank oil slick is pulled out, cause thus this oil removing day with fog inconvenient operation, and cannot remove in real time oil slick.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of easy to operate, can remove in real time the oil removing day with fog of oil slick.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above adopted technical scheme: a kind of oil removing day with fog, comprise cyclone separator, admission gear, for water spraying mechanism and the water tank of the air inlet place water spray to described admission gear, described water tank is positioned at described cyclone separator below and is communicated with described cyclone separator, described cyclone separator is outside equipped with oil-releasing mechanism, described water tank bottom is provided with to the described hyperacoustic ultrasonic transmitting element of water tank internal emission, described oil-releasing mechanism comprises oil sump tank and the first pipeline, water tank described in the first described pipeline communication and described oil sump tank, the port that the first described pipeline is positioned at described water tank is oil-in, the oil-in of the first described pipeline is horizontally disposed with and the interior water surface 2-3cm of its high water tank, described oil sump tank is communicated with described cyclone separator, the output of described cyclone separator is provided with demister, described admission gear comprises Venturi tube and second pipe, one end of described Venturi tube is the air inlet of described admission gear, the other end of described Venturi tube is the gas outlet of described admission gear, the other end of described Venturi tube is communicated with the input of described cyclone separator by described second pipe.
Described water spraying mechanism comprises high-pressure hydraulic pump and nozzle, described water under high pressure delivery side of pump is connected with described nozzle, described nozzle is arranged on the air inlet place of described admission gear, the input of described high-pressure hydraulic pump is communicated with described water tank, and the junction of the input of described high-pressure hydraulic pump and described water tank is positioned at the middle and lower part of described water tank.
In described water tank, be provided with fluid level controller, on described water tank, be provided with inlet valve, water discharging valve, emptying valve and liquid level observing mirror.
In described cyclone separator, be provided with the multiple nozzles that form a circle, multiple nozzles are connected with described water under high pressure delivery side of pump respectively, and multiple nozzles are arranged on the output near described cyclone separator.
Described cyclone separator is provided with Pall ring filler with one end that described water tank is communicated with.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that by being outside equipped with oil-releasing mechanism at cyclone separator, water tank bottom is provided with ultrasonic transmitting element, oil-releasing mechanism comprises oil sump tank and the first pipeline, the first pipeline communication water tank and described oil sump tank, the port that the first pipeline is positioned at described water tank is oil-in, the oil-in of the first pipeline is horizontally disposed with and the interior water surface 2-3cm of its high water tank, oil sump tank is communicated with cyclone separator, the output of cyclone separator is provided with demister, admission gear comprises Venturi tube and second pipe, water spraying mechanism sprays water droplet at the air inlet place of admission gear, after mixing in the collapsible tube of Venturi tube with the water droplet of water spraying mechanism ejection containing mist of oil tail gas, flow velocity increases gradually, when entering the trunnion of Venturi tube, flow velocity reaches maximum, containing mist of oil tail gas, by the trunnion of Venturi tube and at trunnion place, fully contact and reach capacity at a high speed with water droplet, the air film of mist of oil surface attachment is broken through, mist of oil is the moistening and fierce cohesion of generation by water droplet, when the anemostat by Venturi tube, air velocity reduces, pressure gos up, after being condensed into oil-containing fog and dripping, mist of oil and water droplet enter in cyclone separator together with air-flow, the powerful revolving force that cyclone separator shell produces also drips oil-containing fog to separate and be deposited in water tank by the strength of airflow centrifugal power, water in water tank becomes oil-containing water, water tank bottom is equipped with ultrasonic transmitting element transmitting ultrasonic wave makes oil-containing water in water tank form sub-cavitation duty, impel the elaioleucite cohesion emulsification formation oil slick in oil-containing water to swim on the water surface, oil-containing water absorption portion ultrasonic wave changes into heat simultaneously, reduce the viscosity of oil-containing water, impel in oil-containing water that elaioleucite and water are quick to float after separation, when oil slick face exceedes oil-in, oil slick flows in oil sump tank by the first pipeline, realized thus the real-time removing of oil slick, easy to operate, and can reach 95% to the removal efficiency of mist of oil in tail gas,
When the input of high-pressure hydraulic pump is communicated with water tank, when the input of high-pressure hydraulic pump and the junction of water tank are positioned at the middle and lower part of water tank, because impelling in water elaioleucite to condense fast floating, ultrasonic wave is thought of as oil slick, water in water tank keeps lower oil content always, can use for water spraying mechanism, water spraying mechanism and water tank form interior circulation, and water spraying mechanism need not be by external water source, saving water resource;
When being provided with fluid level controller in water tank, while being provided with inlet valve, water discharging valve, emptying valve and liquid level observing mirror on water tank, the water yield in can Real-Time Monitoring water tank also determines whether water in extra feed tank according to the water yield detecting, guarantee the oil-in 2-3cm of the water surface lower than the first pipeline, further guarantee the real-time removing of oil slick;
When being provided with the multiple nozzles that form a circle in cyclone separator, multiple nozzles connect respectively at water under high pressure delivery side of pump, and the mist of oil in gas during near the output of cyclone separator, is further removed in the position of multiple nozzles;
When one end that cyclone separator is communicated with water tank is provided with Pall ring filler, the impact of the air-flow in minimizing cyclone separator on the water surface in water tank, prevents that the water surface in water tank from producing fluctuation, thereby guarantees the normal discharge of oil slick.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of embodiment mono-;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of embodiment bis-.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiment is described in further detail the present invention.
Embodiment mono-: as shown in Figure 1, a kind of oil removing day with fog, comprise cyclone separator 1, admission gear, for water spraying mechanism and the water tank 2 of the air inlet place water spray to admission gear, water tank 2 is positioned at cyclone separator 1 below and is communicated with the bottom of cyclone separator 1, cyclone separator 1 is outside equipped with oil-releasing mechanism, water tank 2 bottoms are provided with to the hyperacoustic ultrasonic transmitting element 3 of water tank 2 internal emission, oil-releasing mechanism comprises oil sump tank 4 and the first pipeline 5, the first pipeline 5 joining water box 2 and oil sump tank 4, the port 51 that the first pipeline 5 is positioned at water tank 2 is oil-in, the oil-in of the first pipeline 5 is horizontally disposed with and the interior water surface 2-3cm of its high water tank, oil sump tank 4 is communicated with to guarantee that by pipeline 41 air pressure in both is identical with cyclone separator 1, guarantee that oil slick can be discharged in oil sump tank 4 smoothly, output 11 places of cyclone separator 1 are provided with demister 6, admission gear comprises Venturi tube 8 and second pipe 7, one end of Venturi tube 8 is the air inlet of admission gear, the other end of Venturi tube 8 is the gas outlet of admission gear, the other end of Venturi tube 8 is communicated with the input 12 of cyclone separator 1 by second pipe 7.Venturi tube 8 is used the matured product of the art, by collapsible tube 81, trunnion 82 and anemostat 83, is in turn connected to form, and tail gas enters through collapsible tube 81, by exporting through anemostat 83 after trunnion 82 again.
In the present embodiment, water spraying mechanism comprises high-pressure hydraulic pump 10 and nozzle 15, the output of high-pressure hydraulic pump 10 is connected with nozzle 15, nozzle 15 is arranged on the air inlet place of admission gear, the input of high-pressure hydraulic pump 10 is communicated with water tank 2, and the junction of the input of high-pressure hydraulic pump 10 and water tank 2 is positioned at the middle and lower part of water tank 2.
In the present embodiment, in water tank 2, be provided with fluid level controller 21, on water tank 2, be provided with inlet valve 22, water discharging valve 23, emptying valve 24 and liquid level observing mirror 25.
In the present embodiment, one end that cyclone separator 1 is communicated with water tank 2 is provided with Pall ring filler 13.
The operation principle of the oil removing day with fog of the present embodiment is: first in water tank 2, add appropriate water, guarantee the oil-in 2-3cm of its water surface lower than the first pipeline 5, tail gas containing mist of oil is inputted in Venturi tube 8 and open high-pressure hydraulic pump water spray, the water droplet that nozzle 15 ejects and tail gas are mixed in the collapsible tube 81 of Venturi tube 8, mixture velocity at the interior water droplet of collapsible tube 81 and tail gas increases gradually, when entering the trunnion 82 of Venturi tube 8, flow velocity reaches maximum, containing mist of oil tail gas, by the trunnion 82 of Venturi tube 8 and at trunnion 82 places, fully contact and reach capacity at a high speed with water droplet, in tail gas, the air film of mist of oil surface attachment is broken through, mist of oil is the moistening and fierce cohesion of generation by water droplet, when the anemostat 83 by Venturi tube 8, air velocity reduces, pressure gos up, after being condensed into oil-containing fog and dripping, mist of oil and water droplet enter in cyclone separator 1 together with air-flow, the powerful revolving force that cyclone separator 1 shell produces also drips oil-containing fog to separate and be deposited in water tank 2 by the strength of airflow centrifugal power, water in water tank 2 becomes oil-containing water, the ultrasonic transmitting element 3 that be equipped with water tank 2 bottoms is launched ultrasonic wave makes oil-containing water in water tank form sub-cavitation duty, impel the elaioleucite cohesion emulsification formation oil slick in oil-containing water to swim on the water surface, oil-containing water absorption portion ultrasonic wave changes into heat simultaneously, reduce the viscosity of oil-containing water, impel in oil-containing water that elaioleucite and water are quick to float after separation, when floating fuel head exceedes the oil-in of the first pipeline 5, oil slick flows in oil sump tank by the first pipeline 5, realizing rich automation discharges in time.
In the oil removing day with fog of the present embodiment, after water in water tank flows out by high-pressure hydraulic pump 10 and nozzle 15 in through cyclone separator 1 reflow tank 2, water spraying mechanism and water tank form interior circulation, in inner cyclic process, the water yield there will be a certain amount of loss, can by fluid level controller 21 in real time the water level in monitoring water tank determine whether and need to open inlet valve 22 to amount of makeup water in water tank, staff also can by liquid level observing mirror 25 voluntarily observed stage determine whether amount of makeup water.
Embodiment bis-: as shown in Figure 2, the present embodiment is provided with the multiple nozzles 14 that form a circle on the basis of embodiment mono-in cyclone separator 1, multiple nozzles 14 are connected with the output of high-pressure hydraulic pump 10 respectively, and multiple nozzles 10 are arranged on output 11 places near cyclone separator 1.

Claims (5)

1. an oil removing day with fog, comprise cyclone separator, admission gear, for water spraying mechanism and the water tank of the air inlet place water spray to described admission gear, described water tank is positioned at described cyclone separator below and is communicated with described cyclone separator, it is characterized in that described cyclone separator is outside equipped with oil-releasing mechanism, described water tank bottom is provided with to the described hyperacoustic ultrasonic transmitting element of water tank internal emission, described oil-releasing mechanism comprises oil sump tank and the first pipeline, water tank described in the first described pipeline communication and described oil sump tank, the port that the first described pipeline is positioned at described water tank is oil-in, the oil-in of the first described pipeline is horizontally disposed with and the interior water surface 2-3cm of its high water tank, described oil sump tank is communicated with described cyclone separator, the output of described cyclone separator is provided with demister, described admission gear comprises Venturi tube and second pipe, one end of described Venturi tube is the air inlet of described admission gear, the other end of described Venturi tube is the gas outlet of described admission gear, the other end of described Venturi tube is communicated with the input of described cyclone separator by described second pipe.
2. a kind of oil removing day with fog according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described water spraying mechanism comprises high-pressure hydraulic pump and nozzle, described water under high pressure delivery side of pump is connected with described nozzle, described nozzle is arranged on the air inlet place of described admission gear, the input of described high-pressure hydraulic pump is communicated with described water tank, and the junction of the input of described high-pressure hydraulic pump and described water tank is positioned at the middle and lower part of described water tank.
3. a kind of oil removing day with fog according to claim 2, is characterized in that being provided with fluid level controller in described water tank, is provided with inlet valve, water discharging valve, emptying valve and liquid level observing mirror on described water tank.
4. a kind of oil removing day with fog claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that being provided with the multiple nozzles that form a circle in described cyclone separator, multiple nozzles are connected with described water under high pressure delivery side of pump respectively, and multiple nozzles are arranged on the output near described cyclone separator.
5. a kind of oil removing day with fog according to claim 1, is characterized in that described cyclone separator is provided with Pall ring filler with one end that described water tank is communicated with.
CN201310717983.6A 2013-12-17 2013-12-23 A kind of oil demister Expired - Fee Related CN103721511B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310717983.6A CN103721511B (en) 2013-12-17 2013-12-23 A kind of oil demister

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310694256.2 2013-12-17
CN201310694256 2013-12-17
CN201310717983.6A CN103721511B (en) 2013-12-17 2013-12-23 A kind of oil demister

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CN103721511B CN103721511B (en) 2016-01-13

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CN201320854648.6U Expired - Fee Related CN203724957U (en) 2013-12-17 2013-12-23 Oil mist remover

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105289190A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-02-03 山东理工大学 Aerosol removing device
CN109589720A (en) * 2018-12-10 2019-04-09 黄绍荣 A kind of oil fume eliminator

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103721511B (en) * 2013-12-17 2016-01-13 林小平 A kind of oil demister

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CN2431943Y (en) * 2000-05-26 2001-05-30 武汉水利电力大学 Volute air-inlet dust-removing desulfuring three-phase fluidized bed
CN2437392Y (en) * 1999-08-03 2001-07-04 王振声 Integrated smoke-eliminating, dust-reducing, desulfurizing, denitrifying and energy-saving device
CN2560410Y (en) * 2002-06-21 2003-07-16 殷叶龙 Cyclone hydraulic separating, automatic tall-oil collecting and discharging combination apparatus
CN101077471A (en) * 2007-06-28 2007-11-28 陈锦霖 Oil fume secondary purifier
CN102698472A (en) * 2012-06-15 2012-10-03 宁波新芝生物科技股份有限公司 Ultrasonic oil-water separation device
KR101257263B1 (en) * 2012-09-13 2013-05-03 성진엔지니어링 (주) The preprocessing apparatus of waste gas disposal system
CN203724957U (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-07-23 林小平 Oil mist remover

Patent Citations (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2437392Y (en) * 1999-08-03 2001-07-04 王振声 Integrated smoke-eliminating, dust-reducing, desulfurizing, denitrifying and energy-saving device
CN2431943Y (en) * 2000-05-26 2001-05-30 武汉水利电力大学 Volute air-inlet dust-removing desulfuring three-phase fluidized bed
CN2560410Y (en) * 2002-06-21 2003-07-16 殷叶龙 Cyclone hydraulic separating, automatic tall-oil collecting and discharging combination apparatus
CN101077471A (en) * 2007-06-28 2007-11-28 陈锦霖 Oil fume secondary purifier
CN102698472A (en) * 2012-06-15 2012-10-03 宁波新芝生物科技股份有限公司 Ultrasonic oil-water separation device
KR101257263B1 (en) * 2012-09-13 2013-05-03 성진엔지니어링 (주) The preprocessing apparatus of waste gas disposal system
CN203724957U (en) * 2013-12-17 2014-07-23 林小平 Oil mist remover

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105289190A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-02-03 山东理工大学 Aerosol removing device
CN105289190B (en) * 2015-12-04 2017-06-27 山东理工大学 A kind of aerosol removal device
CN109589720A (en) * 2018-12-10 2019-04-09 黄绍荣 A kind of oil fume eliminator

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CN103721511B (en) 2016-01-13

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Effective date of registration: 20160526

Address after: 315040 22-1-7 room, Chinese commercial building, No. 100 Xinghai South Road, Ningbo hi tech Zone, Zhejiang

Patentee after: Ningbo Xinzhi Huadong Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 430-1 room 315040, building 66, academician Road, hi tech Zone, Zhejiang, Ningbo

Patentee before: Lin Xiaoping

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160113

Termination date: 20171223

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee