CN103721496B - Granite duster - Google Patents

Granite duster Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103721496B
CN103721496B CN201210389090.9A CN201210389090A CN103721496B CN 103721496 B CN103721496 B CN 103721496B CN 201210389090 A CN201210389090 A CN 201210389090A CN 103721496 B CN103721496 B CN 103721496B
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China
Prior art keywords
cylindrical shell
tank
water
annular
granite duster
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CN201210389090.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103721496A (en
Inventor
李君�
梁正忠
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China Tobacco Guizhou Industrial Co Ltd
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China Tobacco Guizhou Industrial Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a kind of granite duster, comprise a cylindrical shell built by numb clitter, the lateral wall of cylindrical shell is provided with the peripheral tank of an annular, the madial wall of cylindrical shell is provided with in an annular and encloses tank, the sidewall of cylindrical shell is provided with at least one water injection hole, peripheral tank is communicated with the interior tank that encloses by water injection hole, and the top of cylindrical shell is provided with the water fender of annular, encloses tank in the projection covering of water fender.This granite duster is provided with the water fender of annular at the top of cylindrical shell, and the projection of water fender encloses tank in covering, the water droplet that such flue gas carries when rising will be stopped by water fender and can not be attached on discharge duct, such discharge duct would not be corroded, thus effectively can extend the service life of discharge duct.

Description

Granite duster
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of device removing dust in flue gas and sulfur dioxide, particularly relating to a kind of granite duster for removing dust and sulfur dioxide in boiler tail flue gas.
Background technology
The boiler of cigarette factory in use can produce a large amount of flue gases, flue gas by air flue emission in air.Owing to containing sulphur in the coal of boiler combustion, therefore also can containing a large amount of sulfur dioxide in the flue gas produced in boiler, if sulfur dioxide is directly discharged in air and can pollutes air, in flue, desulfurization process must be carried out to the flue gas that boiler produces for this reason.The flue gas that in current cigarette factory, boiler tail produces carries out dedusting and desulfurization process through granite duster mostly.As shown in Figure 1, the afterbody of boiler flue 1 is connected with granite duster 2, and flue gas enters after granite duster 2 carries out dust-removal and desulfurizing process through flue 1, is entered in air by discharge duct 3.
Granite duster is the building block adopting lithotome fiber crops stone and be processed into, with the cylindrical shape cleaner of acidproof glue cement masonry.The structure of existing granite duster as shown in Figure 2, it comprises a cylindrical shell 11, the lateral wall of cylindrical shell is provided with the peripheral tank 12 of an annular, madial wall is provided with in an annular and encloses tank 13, peripheral tank 12 is communicated with by water injection hole 14 with interior enclosing between tank 13, enclose in tank in water in peripheral tank 12 flow into by water injection hole, inside enclose tank 13 and be positioned at inner barrel.The bottom of cylindrical shell is connected with the flue of boiler, and the top of cylindrical shell is connected with discharge duct.
In use, the flue gas of dust-laden can enter cylindrical shell from gas approach with tangential direction by deduster bottom with the speed of about 20m/s to this granite duster, and in cylindrical shell, produce strong spinning updraft; Grit contained in flue gas is thrown toward barrel under centrifugal action.Now, negative pressure is formed in cylindrical shell, under suction function, the water inside enclosed in tank can fluctuate up and down and enclose in tank in place and overflow, the water overflowed is along the dirty formation moisture film of madial wall of cylindrical shell, be thrown to grit on barrel meet moisture film after wetted and flow into water seal ash exhauster with moisture film, then continue to flow in sedimentation basin, the flue gas after purification is then discharged by discharge duct.
But adopt above-mentioned granite duster also to there is some problems when carrying out dust-removal and desulfurizing process to flue gas; because the ascending air speed that flue gas is formed in cylindrical shell; usually water droplet can be mixed with in flue gas; water droplet can move up along with ascending air and finally be attached on the inwall of discharge duct; the corrosion of discharge duct will be caused like this, and then the service life of whole exhaust, dedusting, desulphurization system can be had influence on.Be, existing this by water interior enclose the upper and lower GARCH model of tank and cylinder inboard wall formed the moisture film water yield less, can not play good dust removing effects to the dust in flue gas, therefore dust-removal and desulfurizing effect is poor, and the flue gas of discharge still likely pollutes air.
Summary of the invention
The shortcoming of prior art in view of the above, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of granite duster of new structure, the problem that discharge duct in prior art is perishable for solving, dust removing effects is bad.
For achieving the above object and other relevant objects, the invention provides a kind of granite duster, comprise a cylindrical shell built by numb clitter, the lateral wall of described cylindrical shell is provided with the peripheral tank of an annular, the madial wall of described cylindrical shell is provided with in an annular and encloses tank, the sidewall of described cylindrical shell is provided with at least one water injection hole, described peripheral tank by described water injection hole with described in enclose tank and be communicated with, the top of described cylindrical shell is provided with the water fender of annular, the projection of described water fender cover described in enclose tank.
Preferably, described water fender is inwardly downward-sloping gradually by surrounding.
Preferably, the top of described cylindrical shell is provided with the tube connector of an annular, and described water fender is connected with described tube connector, and described tube connector is connected with a bracing frame, and support frame as described above is dismountable to be fixed in described cylindrical shell.
Preferably, support frame as described above be supported on described in enclose in tank.
Preferably, be sealed and matched between the inwall of described tube connector and described cylindrical shell.
Preferably, the below of enclosing tank in described is provided with the sparge pipe of an annular, described sparge pipe is fixed on the inwall of described cylindrical shell, described sparge pipe is provided with several water jet, described water jet is towards the inwall of described cylindrical shell, described sparge pipe is communicated with at least one water inlet pipe, and described water inlet pipe runs through the sidewall of described cylindrical shell.
As mentioned above, granite duster of the present invention has following beneficial effect: this granite duster is provided with the water fender of annular at the top of cylindrical shell, and the projection of water fender encloses tank in covering, the water droplet that such flue gas carries when rising will be stopped by water fender and can not be attached on discharge duct, such discharge duct would not be corroded,, thus effectively can extend the service life of discharge duct.The below of simultaneously enclosing tank in this granite duster is provided with the sparge pipe of annular, can be sprayed water, so also effectively can increase the water yield of cylinder lateral wall moisture film by annular spray pipe to the inwall of cylindrical shell, thus can play better dust removing effects by the flue dust in cylindrical shell.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the connection diagram of granite duster and flue, discharge duct.
Fig. 2 is the sectional view of existing granite duster.
Fig. 3 is the sectional view of embodiment of the present invention granite duster.
Element numbers explanation
Detailed description of the invention
By particular specific embodiment, embodiments of the present invention are described below, person skilled in the art scholar the content disclosed by this description can understand other advantages of the present invention and effect easily.
Refer to Fig. 1 to Fig. 3.Notice, structure, ratio, size etc. that this description institute accompanying drawings illustrates, content all only in order to coordinate description to disclose, understand for person skilled in the art scholar and read, and be not used to limit the enforceable qualifications of the present invention, therefore the not technical essential meaning of tool, the adjustment of the modification of any structure, the change of proportionate relationship or size, do not affecting under effect that the present invention can produce and the object that can reach, still all should drop on disclosed technology contents and obtain in the scope that can contain.Simultaneously, quote in this description as " on ", D score, "left", "right", " centre " and " one " etc. term, also only for ease of understanding of describing, and be not used to limit the enforceable scope of the present invention, the change of its relativeness or adjustment, under changing technology contents without essence, when being also considered as the enforceable category of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 3, the invention provides a kind of granite duster, it comprises the cylindrical drum 11 of the acidproof glue cement masonry of building block that is processed into by numb stone, the lateral wall of cylindrical shell 11 is provided with the peripheral tank 12 of annular, cylindrical shell 11 madial wall is provided with in annular and encloses tank 13, the sidewall of cylindrical shell 11 is provided with at least one water injection hole 14, inside enclose tank 13 corresponding with the position of peripheral tank 12, enclose in tank 13 in the water that should ensure in peripheral tank 12 can be flow to by water injection hole 14.Such granite duster operationally, inwardly encloses tank 13 water filling by peripheral tank 12, constantly can overflow form moisture film with the water enclosed in tank 13 in ensureing on the sidewall of cylindrical shell.
The water fender 15 of an annular is provided with at the top of cylindrical shell 11, tank 13 is enclosed in the projection of water fender 15 can cover, like this when being stopped by water fender with during water droplet in the flue gas risen, water droplet would not cause corrosion to discharge duct on the inwall being attached to discharge duct.Water fender 15 is inwardly downward-sloping gradually by surrounding, and the water droplet be gathered on water fender can be made so directly to drop in the sedimentation basin of granite duster bottom.
In order to remove the sulfur dioxide in flue gas, the water inside enclosed in tank 13 adopts limewash usually, and limewash is easy to produce incrustation interior enclosing in tank, therefore needs the regularly incrustation internally enclosed in tank 13 to clear up.Water fender 15 is removed for the ease of enclosing in the process of tank 13 in cleaning, the tube connector 17 of an annular can be provided with at the top of cylindrical shell 11, water fender 15 is connected with tube connector 17, and tube connector 17 is connected with a bracing frame 16, be fixed on dismountable for bracing frame 16 in cylindrical shell 11.Adopt this structure, when needs internally enclose tank 13 clear up time, only bracing frame 16 need be dismantled from cylindrical shell 11, just water fender 15 together can be removed, so just can internally enclose tank 13 very easily to clear up, until in enclose after tank 13 cleared up, only bracing frame 16 need be fixed on again in cylindrical shell 11, use very convenient.In order to convenient disassembly, enclose in tank 13 in the bottom of bracing frame 16 directly can being supported on.Because the inner wall shape of cylindrical shell 11 is irregular, in order to prevent water droplet from passing through from the gap between tube connector 17 and cylindrical shell 11 inwall, leakproofing material can be coated with between tube connector 17 and cylindrical shell 11 inwall, make both be sealed and matched.
In order to increase the water yield of cylindrical shell 11 madial wall moisture film, this granite duster is also provided with an annular sparge pipe 18 in interior below of enclosing tank 13, sparge pipe 18 is fixed on the inwall of described cylindrical shell, sparge pipe 18 is provided with several water jet 19, water jet 19, towards the inwall of cylindrical shell 11, the inwall that the water that sparge pipe 18 sprays can be sprayed on cylindrical shell 11 forms moisture film.Sparge pipe 18 is communicated with at least one water inlet pipe 20, and water inlet pipe 20 runs through the sidewall of cylindrical shell 11, can be supplied water by water inlet pipe 20 to sparge pipe 18.
This granite duster is provided with the water fender of annular at the top of cylindrical shell, and the projection of water fender encloses tank in covering, the water droplet that such flue gas carries when rising will be stopped by water fender and can not be attached on discharge duct, such discharge duct would not be corroded,, thus effectively can extend the service life of discharge duct.The below of simultaneously enclosing tank in this granite duster is provided with the sparge pipe of annular, can be sprayed water, so also effectively can increase the water yield of cylinder lateral wall moisture film by annular spray pipe to the inwall of cylindrical shell, thus can play better dust removing effects by the flue dust in cylindrical shell.In sum, the present invention effectively overcomes various shortcoming of the prior art and tool high industrial utilization.
Above-described embodiment is illustrative principle of the present invention and effect thereof only, but not for limiting the present invention.Any person skilled in the art scholar all without prejudice under spirit of the present invention and category, can modify above-described embodiment or changes.Therefore, such as have in art usually know the knowledgeable do not depart from complete under disclosed spirit and technological thought all equivalence modify or change, must be contained by claim of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a granite duster, comprise a cylindrical shell built by numb clitter, the lateral wall of described cylindrical shell is provided with the peripheral tank of an annular, the madial wall of described cylindrical shell is provided with in an annular and encloses tank, inside enclose tank corresponding with the position of peripheral tank, the sidewall of described cylindrical shell is provided with at least one water injection hole, described peripheral tank by described water injection hole with described in enclose tank and be communicated with, it is characterized in that, the top of described cylindrical shell is provided with the water fender of annular, the projection of described water fender cover described in enclose tank.
2. granite duster according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described water fender is inwardly downward-sloping gradually by surrounding.
3. granite duster according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the top of described cylindrical shell is provided with the tube connector of an annular, described water fender is connected with described tube connector, and described tube connector is connected with a bracing frame, and support frame as described above is dismountable to be fixed in described cylindrical shell.
4. granite duster according to claim 3, is characterized in that: support frame as described above be supported on described in enclose in tank.
5. granite duster according to claim 3, is characterized in that: be sealed and matched between the inwall of described tube connector and described cylindrical shell.
6. granite duster according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the below of enclosing tank in described is provided with the sparge pipe of an annular, described sparge pipe is fixed on the inwall of described cylindrical shell, described sparge pipe is provided with several water jet, described water jet is towards the inwall of described cylindrical shell, described sparge pipe is communicated with at least one water inlet pipe, and described water inlet pipe runs through the sidewall of described cylindrical shell.
CN201210389090.9A 2012-10-15 2012-10-15 Granite duster Active CN103721496B (en)

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CN103721496B true CN103721496B (en) 2015-11-25

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104825115B (en) * 2015-04-21 2018-06-01 许奔 A kind of shoe sole cleaner

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6106792A (en) * 1998-03-30 2000-08-22 L&P Property Management Company Apparatus and method for cleaning gas
US6294135B1 (en) * 1998-07-14 2001-09-25 Seungki Joo Small-scale boiler system using scrapped tires
CN2523486Y (en) * 2002-01-11 2002-12-04 南昌航空工业学院 Dust collector with toothed water over flow duct
CN2717515Y (en) * 2004-08-13 2005-08-17 内蒙古亚洁亚环保有限责任公司 Wet-type cyclone desulfurizing dust collector
CN2756962Y (en) * 2004-12-06 2006-02-08 张孝公 Smoke clearing and dust removing device for iron smelting furnace
CN201006397Y (en) * 2006-10-27 2008-01-16 辽宁省环境科学研究院 Novel compound highly effective desulfuration dust cleaner

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6106792A (en) * 1998-03-30 2000-08-22 L&P Property Management Company Apparatus and method for cleaning gas
US6294135B1 (en) * 1998-07-14 2001-09-25 Seungki Joo Small-scale boiler system using scrapped tires
CN2523486Y (en) * 2002-01-11 2002-12-04 南昌航空工业学院 Dust collector with toothed water over flow duct
CN2717515Y (en) * 2004-08-13 2005-08-17 内蒙古亚洁亚环保有限责任公司 Wet-type cyclone desulfurizing dust collector
CN2756962Y (en) * 2004-12-06 2006-02-08 张孝公 Smoke clearing and dust removing device for iron smelting furnace
CN201006397Y (en) * 2006-10-27 2008-01-16 辽宁省环境科学研究院 Novel compound highly effective desulfuration dust cleaner

Non-Patent Citations (1)

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Title
姜凤有."水膜除尘器".《工业除尘设备-设计、制作、安装与管理》.2007,319-331. *

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