CN103711093A - Sweeping device - Google Patents

Sweeping device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103711093A
CN103711093A CN201410013974.3A CN201410013974A CN103711093A CN 103711093 A CN103711093 A CN 103711093A CN 201410013974 A CN201410013974 A CN 201410013974A CN 103711093 A CN103711093 A CN 103711093A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
arm
cylinder
floor
locating hole
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201410013974.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103711093B (en
Inventor
张裕强
石良根
魏建军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
YIYANG HESHAN CHAIN MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Original Assignee
YIYANG HESHAN CHAIN MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by YIYANG HESHAN CHAIN MANUFACTURING Co Ltd filed Critical YIYANG HESHAN CHAIN MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410013974.3A priority Critical patent/CN103711093B/en
Publication of CN103711093A publication Critical patent/CN103711093A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103711093B publication Critical patent/CN103711093B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention discloses a sweeping device. A cylindrical sweeping roller frame is provided with a left arm, a right arm and a rear arm. The left arm and the right arm are fixedly connected with the rear arm. The rear arm of the cylindrical sweeping roller frame is provided with a connecting hole. The two sides of the cylindrical sweeping roller are connected with the left arm and the right arm of the cylindrical sweeping roller frame respectively. A mandrel of a first gear is fixedly connected with a mandrel of a rubber wheel. The first gear is connected with a gear set through a chain. The mandrel of the first gear is connected with a second gear through a supporting rod. The gear set is meshed with the second gear. The gear set is fixedly connected to the cylindrical sweeping roller frame through a gear set support. Sweeping brooms are arranged on the outer surface of the cylindrical sweeping roller. The connecting hole is connected with an external traction engine or a power traction device. In this way, the sweeping device can improve the road sweeping efficiency, save energy and reduce cost.

Description

A kind of clearing apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to mechanical field, refer to especially a kind of clearing apparatus.
Background technology
Along with urbanization process, labour's cost increase and the raising of efficiency, increasing Novel environmental-sanitation truck system enters among Municipal management.But the cleaning device using at present just simply carries out combination by automobile and clearing apparatus, not only clean effect extremely undesirable, and consume energy greatly, cost is high.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the object of the invention is to propose a kind of clearing apparatus, can be when improving cleaning road surface efficiency, energy conservation, reduce costs.
Based on above-mentioned purpose clearing apparatus provided by the invention, comprise cylinder sweep the floor cylinder, connecting hole, cylinder sweep the floor barrel support, rubber wheel, the first gear, chain, gear train support, support bar, the second gear, gear train and the besom of sweeping the floor;
Wherein, the described cylinder barrel support of sweeping the floor is provided with left arm, right arm and postbrachium, and described left and right two arms are fixedly connected with described postbrachium respectively; The sweep the floor postbrachium of barrel support of described cylinder is provided with described connecting hole, and described cylinder sweep the floor left and right two arms of barrel support of both sides and the described cylinder of cylinder of sweeping the floor are connected; The axle center of the first described gear is fixedly connected with the axle center of described rubber wheel, and the first described gear is connected by chain with described gear train, and the axle center of described the first gear is connected with described the second gear by described support bar; Described gear train and described the second gear engagement, and described gear train is fixedly attached to described cylinder by described gear train support and sweeps the floor in barrel support; Described the second gear is arranged on described cylinder and sweeps the floor on the central axis of cylinder; Described cylinder is swept the floor on the external surface of cylinder the described besom of sweeping the floor is set, and described connecting hole is connected with external traction locomotive or dynamic traction device.
Alternatively, described gear train is fixedly connected with than different gear concentric by two teeth, tooth is fixedly attached to described cylinder than little gear axis by described gear train support and sweeps the floor in barrel support, and described tooth is connected with described the first gear by described chain than little gear simultaneously; Tooth is than large gear and described the second gear engagement.
Further, described connecting hole links and connects with bearing pin or pin after docking with the hole on external traction locomotive or dynamic traction device.
Alternatively, described clearing apparatus also comprises elevating mechanism, and this elevating mechanism is separately positioned on described cylinder and sweeps the floor on two of the left and right arm of barrel support; Described elevating mechanism one end is fixed on described cylinder and is swept the floor on the left arm or right arm of barrel support, and the other end is fixed on described external traction locomotive or dynamic traction device.
Further, described elevating mechanism comprises fixed arm universal bearing locating hole, fuel feed hole, hydraulic cylinder fixed arm, spill port, hydraulic cylinder extension arm, telescopic arm universal bearing locating hole, fixed arm locating hole seat and telescopic arm locating hole seat; Described hydraulic cylinder fixed arm one end is provided with described fixed arm universal bearing locating hole, and the other end connects described hydraulic cylinder extension arm; The other end of described hydraulic cylinder extension arm is provided with described telescopic arm universal bearing locating hole simultaneously; Described fixed arm universal bearing locating hole is fixed on described fixed arm locating hole seat, and described fixed arm locating hole seat and external traction locomotive or dynamic traction device are bolted; Described telescopic arm universal bearing locating hole is fixed on described telescopic arm locating hole seat, and sweep the floor left arm or the right arm of barrel support of described telescopic arm locating hole seat and described cylinder is bolted; The end that approaches described fixed arm universal bearing locating hole on described hydraulic cylinder fixed arm is provided with described fuel feed hole, and the end that connects described hydraulic cylinder extension arm on described hydraulic cylinder fixed arm is provided with described spill port.
Further, described elevating mechanism also comprises telescopic arm bar shaped square hole, fixed arm bar shaped square hole, fixed arm pivot pin and telescopic arm pivot pin; Described fixed arm bar shaped square hole is a strip hole of opening on described fixed arm locating hole seat, and described telescopic arm bar shaped square hole is a strip hole of opening on described telescopic arm locating hole seat; Described fixed arm pivot pin and described telescopic arm pivot pin are inserted into respectively in described fixed arm bar shaped square hole, described telescopic arm bar shaped square hole.
Alternatively, the described besom of sweeping the floor is to sweep the floor on the external surface of cylinder according to the described cylinder of being arranged on of identical even angle.
Further, described clearing apparatus also comprises infrared sensor and controller, and described infrared sensor is arranged on described the first gear, and this infrared sensor is connected with described controller; Described controller is arranged on described hydraulic cylinder fixed arm, and described controller is controlled the flexible of described hydraulic cylinder extension arm;
Described infrared sensor detects the place ahead obstruction, and sends this signal to described controller, and then described controller is controlled described hydraulic cylinder extension arm and dwindled, and then makes described elevating mechanism increase, thereby drives the whole described cylinder cylinder of sweeping the floor to rise.
Further, described clearing apparatus is mounting distance sensor, speed measuring instrumentation on described the first gear, if described the first gear that described range sensor records is L apart from the distance of obstruction, the speed of service of described the first gear is V, described hydraulic cylinder extension arm maximal dilation length is H, and running into the flexible distance of hydraulic cylinder extension arm actual needs described in obstruction is h; Described range sensor sends the distance L of the first gear described in the obstacle distance detecting to described controller, and described speed measuring instrumentation sends to described controller by the speed of service V of current described the first gear, and then described controller is according to formula: draw the flexible distance of described hydraulic cylinder extension arm actual needs; Wherein, k is constant, and span is 1.2-1.5.
As can be seen from above, a kind of clearing apparatus provided by the invention, be provided with left arm, right arm and postbrachium, and left and right two arms is fixedly connected with respectively by the cylinder barrel support of sweeping the floor with described postbrachium; The sweep the floor postbrachium of barrel support of cylinder is provided with connecting hole, and cylinder sweep the floor left and right two arms of barrel support of both sides and the described cylinder of cylinder of sweeping the floor are connected; The axle center of the first gear is fixedly connected with the axle center of rubber wheel, and the first gear is connected by chain with gear train, and the axle center of the first gear is connected with the second gear by support bar; The engagement of gear train and the second gear, and gear train is fixedly attached to cylinder by gear train support and sweeps the floor in barrel support; Cylinder is swept the floor on the external surface of cylinder the besom of sweeping the floor is set, and connecting hole is connected with external traction locomotive or dynamic traction device.Thereby a kind of clearing apparatus of the present invention can make the speed of sweeping the floor automatically regulate with tractor speed.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of embodiment of the present invention clearing apparatus;
Fig. 2 is the structure top view of embodiment of the present invention clearing apparatus;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of embodiment of the present invention elevating mechanism;
Fig. 4 is the lateral view of embodiment of the present invention elevating mechanism.
The specific embodiment
For making the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with specific embodiment, and with reference to accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in more detail.
Consult shown in Fig. 1, for the structural representation of a kind of clearing apparatus of the embodiment of the present invention, described clearing apparatus comprises cylinder sweep the floor cylinder 1, connecting hole 2, cylinder sweep the floor barrel support 3, rubber wheel 5, the first gear 6, chain 7, gear train support 8, support bar 9, the second gear 10, gear train 11 and the besom 13 of sweeping the floor.Wherein, cylinder is swept the floor barrel support 3(as shown in Figure 2) there are three arms, be left arm, right arm and postbrachium, and left and right two arms are fixedly connected with described postbrachium respectively.The sweep the floor postbrachium of barrel support 3 of cylinder is provided with connecting hole 2.The sweep the floor both sides of cylinder 1 of cylinder are connected by sweep the floor left and right two arms of barrel support 3 of bolt and cylinder, and preferably, the cylinder cylinder 1 of sweeping the floor is provided with fixed disk, the sweep the floor left and right two arms welding of barrel support 3 of this fixed disk and cylinder.The axle center of the first gear 6 is fixedly connected with the axle center of rubber wheel 5, and the first gear 6 is connected by chain 7 with gear train 11, and the axle center of the first gear 6 is connected with the second gear 10 by support bar 9.Gear train 11 and the engagement of the second gear 10, and gear train 11 is fixedly attached to cylinder by gear train support 8 and sweeps the floor in barrel support 3.The second gear 10 is arranged on described cylinder and sweeps the floor on the central axis of cylinder 1.
Also has the cylinder besom 13 of sweeping the floor of the setting on the external surface of cylinder 1 with certain intervals of sweeping the floor.Preferably, the described besom 13 of sweeping the floor is to sweep the floor on the external surface of cylinder 1 according to the cylinder that is arranged on of identical even angle.
Preferably, gear train 11 is fixedly connected with than different gear concentric by two teeth, and tooth is fixedly attached to cylinder than little gear axis by gear train support 8 and sweeps the floor in barrel support 3, and tooth is connected with the first gear 6 by chain 7 than little gear simultaneously; Tooth is than large gear and the second gear 10 engagements.
As embodiments of the invention, by changing the number of teeth of the first gear 6, the second gear 10, rubber wheel 5 and gear train 11, can realize the sweep the floor speed of speed of described scroll sweeping mechanism.After above-mentioned part specifications is determined, this transmission speed ratio is also just determined, has guaranteed that described clearing apparatus, along with speed of a motor vehicle speed, regulates the speed of sweeping the floor automatically.In addition, described clearing apparatus does not need extra drive motors or drives power source just can work and realize and sweeping the floor, and has greatly simplified the cost that the clearing apparatus while reduced described clearing apparatus significantly.
Consulting shown in Fig. 2, is the structure top view of embodiment of the present invention clearing apparatus, and described clearing apparatus can pass through connecting hole 2 and traction locomotive, or dynamic traction device connection, realizes floor sweeping function.Wherein, dynamic traction device can be internal combustion engine, can be also electric motor car, or other forms of power set; Scroll sweeping mechanism can be led and drags walking.Preferably, connecting hole 2 and traction locomotive, or after the docking of the hole on dynamic traction device, with bearing pin or pin, link and connect.Preferably, connecting hole 2 and traction locomotive, or after dynamic traction device connection, scroll sweeping mechanism can rotate round tie point 2 in certain angle, is non-rigid dead connection.
When tractor travels, rubber wheel 5, as a freewheel, with ground 4 frictions, is realized and being rolled.The first gear 6 rotating speeds that rubber wheel 5 is fixedly connected with the axle center of rubber wheel 5 are consistent, by the transmission of power of chain 7, transmission of power to gear train 11 teeth than on little gear.Then, gear train 11 teeth are than large gear and the direct engaged transmission of the second gear 10.The second gear 10 is connected with the first gear 6 by support bar 9.Such clearing apparatus, in the time of can effectively guaranteeing that rubber wheel 5 rotates counterclockwise, the cylinder cylinder 1 of sweeping the floor is to clockwise rotate.
As an alternative embodiment of the invention, on sweeping the floor barrel support 3, cylinder is provided with elevating mechanism 12(as shown in Figure 1).Preferably, described cylinder is swept the floor on two of the left and right arm of barrel support 3 and is provided with respectively described elevating mechanism 12, and described elevating mechanism 12 one end are fixed on left arm or right arm, and the other end is fixed on described traction locomotive or dynamic traction device.Consult shown in Fig. 3, for the structural representation of embodiment of the present invention elevating mechanism, described elevating mechanism 12 comprises fixed arm universal bearing locating hole 13, fuel feed hole 14, hydraulic cylinder fixed arm 15, spill port 16, hydraulic cylinder extension arm 17, telescopic arm universal bearing locating hole 18, fixed arm locating hole seat 19 and telescopic arm locating hole seat 20.Wherein, hydraulic cylinder fixed arm 15 one end are provided with fixed arm universal bearing locating hole 13, other end connecting fluid cylinder pressure telescopic arm 17, and the other end of described hydraulic cylinder extension arm 17 is provided with telescopic arm universal bearing locating hole 18 simultaneously.Fixed arm universal bearing locating hole 13 is fixed on fixed arm locating hole seat 19, and fixed arm locating hole seat 19 is bolted with traction locomotive or dynamic traction device.Telescopic arm universal bearing locating hole 18 is fixed on telescopic arm locating hole seat 20, and sweep the floor left arm or the right arm of barrel support 3 of telescopic arm locating hole seat 20 and cylinder is bolted.Also have, the end that approaches described fixed arm universal bearing locating hole 13 on hydraulic cylinder fixed arm 15 is provided with fuel feed hole 14, and the end that connects described hydraulic cylinder extension arm 17 on hydraulic cylinder fixed arm 15 is provided with spill port 16.
Preferably, when lifting cylinder is swept the floor cylinder 1, the fuel feed hole 14 of fixed arm universal bearing locating hole 13 can refuel by hydraulic motor pump oil.In the present embodiment, motor-mount pump oil is that hand switch is controlled.When the cylinder being raised, sweep the floor cylinder 1 while moving downward under Action of Gravity Field, by spill port 16 automatic oil returns, this process does not need extra power.
Traction locomotive or dynamic traction device can be to the hydraulic cylinder extension arm 17 of this elevating mechanism 12 extension and contraction control, can realize Integral lifting or the described clearing apparatus of whole landing.When described clearing apparatus is not swept the floor, can hydraulic cylinder extension arm 17 be stretched, or even can make hydraulic cylinder extension arm 17 be retracted into the shortest position by adjusting the oil mass of spill port 16, now the rubber wheel 5 of described scroll sweeping mechanism is dragged ground away from.When described clearing apparatus is swept the floor, can hydraulic cylinder extension arm 17 be stretched out by adjusting the oil mass of spill port 16, thereby make rubber wheel 5 kiss the earths of described scroll sweeping mechanism.
As an alternative embodiment of the invention, to consult shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, described elevating mechanism 12 also comprises telescopic arm bar shaped square hole 21, fixed arm bar shaped square hole 22, fixed arm pivot pin 23 and telescopic arm pivot pin 24.Wherein, described fixed arm bar shaped square hole 22 is strip holes of opening on fixed arm locating hole seat 19, and telescopic arm bar shaped square hole 21 is strip holes of opening on telescopic arm locating hole seat 20.Fixed arm pivot pin 23 and telescopic arm pivot pin 24 can be inserted into respectively in fixed arm bar shaped square hole 22, telescopic arm bar shaped square hole 21.
Telescopic arm bar shaped square hole 21, the fixed arm bar shaped square hole 22 of the present invention's design can cushion or offset the impact from pavement roughness, be that fixed arm pivot pin 23 and telescopic arm pivot pin 24 can move up and down respectively in fixed arm bar shaped square hole 22, telescopic arm bar shaped square hole 21, avoided the impact force to fixed arm locating hole seat 19 and telescopic arm locating hole seat 20 causing due to Uneven road.Preferably, the size of telescopic arm bar shaped square hole 21, fixed arm bar shaped square hole 22 can determine according to conventional pavement roughness difference in height, i.e. fixed arm bar shaped square hole 22 equals poor in lowest part of conventional road surface highest point.
It should be noted that, when described clearing apparatus is swept the floor, when rubber wheel 5 contacts with ground 4, hydraulic cylinder extension arm 17 stretches out.Now described hydraulic cylinder extension arm 17 becomes a rigid unitary with hydraulic cylinder fixed arm 15, can not relative motion, if pavement roughness when sweeping the floor, the upper and lower vertical jitter of rubber wheel 5 meeting, described hydraulic cylinder extension arm 17 can upwards vibrate with the rigid unitary that hydraulic cylinder fixed arm 15 forms.Now, fixed arm universal bearing locating hole 13 and telescopic arm universal bearing locating hole 18 just can carry out respectively up and down in fixed arm bar shaped square hole 22, telescopic arm bar shaped square hole 21.Just can prevent that this rigid unitary from being blocked main or propping up, can punch-retention arms locating hole seat 19 yet, can prevent the impact of road surface to described scroll sweeping mechanism, extended the application life of parts.
In addition, when described clearing apparatus is not when sweeping the floor, hydraulic cylinder extension arm 17 retracts in hydraulic cylinder fixed arm 15, and along with the increase of amount of recovery, telescopic arm universal bearing locating hole 18 just props up the top of telescopic arm bar shaped square hole 21.While continuing retraction, the pivot pin in telescopic arm universal bearing locating hole 18 just drives telescopic arm locating hole seat 20 to move upward, thereby the besom 13 that makes to sweep the floor is raised disengaging ground.When described scroll sweeping mechanism is when sweeping the floor, telescopic arm universal bearing locating hole 18 moves downward in telescopic arm bar shaped square hole 21, telescopic arm universal bearing locating hole 18 moves to the bottommost of telescopic arm bar shaped square hole 21, then the pivot pin in telescopic arm universal bearing locating hole 18 just drives telescopic arm locating hole seat 20 to move downward, and finally makes hydraulic cylinder extension arm 17 stretch out.
As an alternative embodiment of the invention, described clearing apparatus also comprises infrared sensor and controller.Wherein, described infrared sensor is arranged on the first gear 6, and this infrared sensor is connected with controller.Described controller is arranged on hydraulic cylinder fixed arm 15, and controller can be controlled the flexible of hydraulic cylinder extension arm 17.In work, infrared sensor detects the place ahead obstruction, and sends this signal to controller, and then controller is controlled hydraulic cylinder extension arm 17 and dwindled, and then makes elevating mechanism 12 increase, thereby drives the whole cylinder cylinder 1 of sweeping the floor to rise.
In another embodiment of the present invention, in order to determine better the distance of sweeping the floor described cylinder cylinder 1 promoting, described clearing apparatus can be on the first gear 6 mounting distance sensor, speed measuring instrumentation, and be provided with controller on hydraulic cylinder fixed arm 15.If the first gear 6 that range sensor records is L apart from the distance of obstruction, the speed of service of the first gear 6 is V, and hydraulic cylinder extension arm 17 maximal dilation length are H, and running into the flexible distance of obstruction hydraulic cylinder extension arm 17 actual needs is h.Range sensor sends the distance L of the obstacle distance detecting the first gear 6 to controller, and speed measuring instrumentation sends to controller by the speed of service V of current the first gear 6, and then controller is according to formula: draw the flexible distance of hydraulic cylinder extension arm 17 actual needs.Wherein, k is constant, and span is 1.2-1.5.Finally, controller according to actual needs flexible distance h is controlled hydraulic cylinder extension arm 17 and is carried out lifting, thereby drives cylinder 1 lifting of sweeping the floor of whole cylinder.
From description above, can find out, clearing apparatus of the present invention, the axle center of the first gear described in creationary proposition is fixedly connected with the axle center of described rubber wheel, the first described gear is connected by chain with described gear train, and the axle center of described the first gear is connected with described the second gear by described support bar; Described gear train and described the second gear engagement, and described gear train is fixedly attached to described cylinder by described gear train support and sweeps the floor in barrel support; Described clearing apparatus can, with the speed speed of traction locomotive or dynamic traction device, regulate the speed of sweeping the floor automatically; And when pavement roughness, described clearing apparatus can be whole along with Uneven road dipping and heaving, there is environmental suitability strongly; Clearing apparatus described in the present invention has guaranteed the reliability of transmission of power when sweeping the floor; In addition, the present invention is not when described clearing apparatus needs to sweep the floor or do not work, and described elevating mechanism can make described clearing apparatus promote certain altitude, departs from ground, now whole clearing apparatus gravity pressure, on traction locomotive or dynamic traction device, reduces wearing and tearing and the noise of clearing apparatus; When the present invention sweeps the floor at described clearing apparatus, described elevating mechanism drops to ground scroll sweeping mechanism, the gravity of ground loading scroll sweeping mechanism, and the pressure decreased that tractor is experienced like this, has played energy-saving effect very significantly; Meanwhile, described clearing apparatus at energy-conservation, reliability, anti-road shocks, simplify the internal structure of an organization, fall and on cost, have obvious advantage; Finally, whole described clearing apparatus is easy, compact conformation, is easy to realize.
Those of ordinary skill in the field are to be understood that: the foregoing is only specific embodiments of the invention; be not limited to the present invention; within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any modification of making, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a clearing apparatus, is characterized in that, comprises cylinder sweep the floor cylinder, connecting hole, cylinder sweep the floor barrel support, rubber wheel, the first gear, chain, gear train support, support bar, the second gear, gear train and the besom of sweeping the floor;
Wherein, the described cylinder barrel support of sweeping the floor is provided with left arm, right arm and postbrachium, and described left and right two arms are fixedly connected with described postbrachium respectively; The sweep the floor postbrachium of barrel support of described cylinder is provided with described connecting hole, and described cylinder sweep the floor left and right two arms of barrel support of both sides and the described cylinder of cylinder of sweeping the floor are connected; The axle center of the first described gear is fixedly connected with the axle center of described rubber wheel, and the first described gear is connected by chain with described gear train, and the axle center of described the first gear is connected with described the second gear by described support bar; Described gear train and described the second gear engagement, and described gear train is fixedly attached to described cylinder by described gear train support and sweeps the floor in barrel support; Described the second gear is arranged on described cylinder and sweeps the floor on the central axis of cylinder; Described cylinder is swept the floor on the external surface of cylinder the described besom of sweeping the floor is set, and described connecting hole is connected with external traction locomotive or dynamic traction device.
2. device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described gear train is fixedly connected with than different gear concentric by two teeth, tooth is fixedly attached to described cylinder than little gear axis by described gear train support and sweeps the floor in barrel support, and described tooth is connected with described the first gear by described chain than little gear simultaneously; Tooth is than large gear and described the second gear engagement.
3. device according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described connecting hole links and connects with bearing pin or pin after docking with the hole on external traction locomotive or dynamic traction device.
4. device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described clearing apparatus also comprises elevating mechanism, and this elevating mechanism is separately positioned on described cylinder and sweeps the floor on two of the left and right arm of barrel support; Described elevating mechanism one end is fixed on described cylinder and is swept the floor on the left arm or right arm of barrel support, and the other end is fixed on described external traction locomotive or dynamic traction device.
5. device according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described elevating mechanism comprises fixed arm universal bearing locating hole, fuel feed hole, hydraulic cylinder fixed arm, spill port, hydraulic cylinder extension arm, telescopic arm universal bearing locating hole, fixed arm locating hole seat and telescopic arm locating hole seat; Described hydraulic cylinder fixed arm one end is provided with described fixed arm universal bearing locating hole, and the other end connects described hydraulic cylinder extension arm; The other end of described hydraulic cylinder extension arm is provided with described telescopic arm universal bearing locating hole simultaneously; Described fixed arm universal bearing locating hole is fixed on described fixed arm locating hole seat, and described fixed arm locating hole seat and external traction locomotive or dynamic traction device are bolted; Described telescopic arm universal bearing locating hole is fixed on described telescopic arm locating hole seat, and sweep the floor left arm or the right arm of barrel support of described telescopic arm locating hole seat and described cylinder is bolted; The end that approaches described fixed arm universal bearing locating hole on described hydraulic cylinder fixed arm is provided with described fuel feed hole, and the end that connects described hydraulic cylinder extension arm on described hydraulic cylinder fixed arm is provided with described spill port.
6. device according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described elevating mechanism also comprises telescopic arm bar shaped square hole, fixed arm bar shaped square hole, fixed arm pivot pin and telescopic arm pivot pin; Described fixed arm bar shaped square hole is a strip hole of opening on described fixed arm locating hole seat, and described telescopic arm bar shaped square hole is a strip hole of opening on described telescopic arm locating hole seat; Described fixed arm pivot pin and described telescopic arm pivot pin are inserted into respectively in described fixed arm bar shaped square hole, described telescopic arm bar shaped square hole.
7. device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the described besom of sweeping the floor is to sweep the floor on the external surface of cylinder according to the described cylinder of being arranged on of identical even angle.
8. according to the device described in claim 1 to 7 any one, it is characterized in that, described clearing apparatus also comprises infrared sensor and controller, and described infrared sensor is arranged on described the first gear, and this infrared sensor is connected with described controller; Described controller is arranged on described hydraulic cylinder fixed arm, and described controller is controlled the flexible of described hydraulic cylinder extension arm;
Described infrared sensor detects the place ahead obstruction, and sends this signal to described controller, and then described controller is controlled described hydraulic cylinder extension arm and dwindled, and then makes described elevating mechanism increase, thereby drives the whole described cylinder cylinder of sweeping the floor to rise.
9. device according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, described clearing apparatus is mounting distance sensor, speed measuring instrumentation on described the first gear, if described the first gear that described range sensor records is L apart from the distance of obstruction, the speed of service of described the first gear is V, described hydraulic cylinder extension arm maximal dilation length is H, and running into the flexible distance of hydraulic cylinder extension arm actual needs described in obstruction is h; Described range sensor sends the distance L of the first gear described in the obstacle distance detecting to described controller, and described speed measuring instrumentation sends to described controller by the speed of service V of current described the first gear, and then described controller is according to formula: draw the flexible distance of described hydraulic cylinder extension arm actual needs; Wherein, k is constant, and span is 1.2-1.5.
CN201410013974.3A 2014-01-13 2014-01-13 A kind of clearing apparatus Expired - Fee Related CN103711093B (en)

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CN103711093B CN103711093B (en) 2015-10-28

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109457659A (en) * 2018-10-26 2019-03-12 中车山东机车车辆有限公司 A kind of hairbrush automatic control and monitoring system suitable for railway cleaning vehicle

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6006390A (en) * 1997-10-31 1999-12-28 The Toro Company Connecting mechanism for attaching a ground-engaging surface maintenance implement to a traction vehicle
EP1531202A2 (en) * 2003-11-14 2005-05-18 Alfred Kärcher GmbH & Co. KG Sweeper
CN202626891U (en) * 2012-06-26 2012-12-26 宋顺志 Roller sweeper
CN103194993A (en) * 2012-01-09 2013-07-10 芜湖爱瑞特环保科技有限公司 Roller brush lifting device
CN203113267U (en) * 2013-01-13 2013-08-07 刘懿 Handcart-type road sweeper
CN203668870U (en) * 2014-01-13 2014-06-25 益阳赫山链条制造有限公司 Sweeping device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6006390A (en) * 1997-10-31 1999-12-28 The Toro Company Connecting mechanism for attaching a ground-engaging surface maintenance implement to a traction vehicle
EP1531202A2 (en) * 2003-11-14 2005-05-18 Alfred Kärcher GmbH & Co. KG Sweeper
CN103194993A (en) * 2012-01-09 2013-07-10 芜湖爱瑞特环保科技有限公司 Roller brush lifting device
CN202626891U (en) * 2012-06-26 2012-12-26 宋顺志 Roller sweeper
CN203113267U (en) * 2013-01-13 2013-08-07 刘懿 Handcart-type road sweeper
CN203668870U (en) * 2014-01-13 2014-06-25 益阳赫山链条制造有限公司 Sweeping device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109457659A (en) * 2018-10-26 2019-03-12 中车山东机车车辆有限公司 A kind of hairbrush automatic control and monitoring system suitable for railway cleaning vehicle
CN109457659B (en) * 2018-10-26 2020-05-05 中车山东机车车辆有限公司 Brush automatic control and monitoring system suitable for railway cleaning vehicle

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