CN103708959B - A kind of Double-control sustained-release fertilizer and production method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of Double-control sustained-release fertilizer and production method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103708959B
CN103708959B CN201310722177.8A CN201310722177A CN103708959B CN 103708959 B CN103708959 B CN 103708959B CN 201310722177 A CN201310722177 A CN 201310722177A CN 103708959 B CN103708959 B CN 103708959B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
release
core
spray coating
component
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201310722177.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103708959A (en
Inventor
岳万华
张彩年
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sino-Agri Shuntian Ecological Fertilizer Industry Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
岳万华
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 岳万华 filed Critical 岳万华
Priority to CN201310722177.8A priority Critical patent/CN103708959B/en
Publication of CN103708959A publication Critical patent/CN103708959A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103708959B publication Critical patent/CN103708959B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Double-control sustained-release fertilizer and production method thereof, this Double-control sustained-release fertilizer comprises ternary compound fertilizer material component, absorption bonding component and dressing component three part, the composite organic-inorganic fertilizer particle that to be the absorption bonding component researched and developed voluntarily with my company and dressing component produce for sustained release dosage is for core core, the macroelement molecule such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium of core in-core is adsorbed bonding component and is adsorbed, according to plant growth needs, slow releasing; Recycling dressing component wraps up this slow-release fertilizer core core and forms release membranes, realizes the dual-sustained-release regulating and controlling of nutrient, overcomes that the nutrient slowly-released property of resin coated fertilizer is good but price is high, the material coated cost of inorganic nutrients is low but the shortcoming of nutrient slowly-released property difference.Through testing on corn, volume increase 14.9%, mu increases income 165.4 yuan, and the whole growth and development stage of corn all shows healthy and strong tall and straight, and the middle and later periods is without de-fertile phenomenon.

Description

A kind of Double-control sustained-release fertilizer and production method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of slow release fertilizer, particularly relate to a kind of Double-control sustained-release fertilizer and production method thereof.
Background technology
Chemical fertilizer is one of agriculture most important production means.China's chemical fertilizer consumption amount accounts for the 20-30% of world Fertilizer total quantity consumed, ranks first in the world.The contribution rate increased grain according to expert calculation China Fertilizer Industry is to about 35%, and huge contribution has been made in the existence developing into China and even the people of the world of Fertilizer Industry.
But also occurred the phenomenon of the quick growth of unit grain fertilizer amount while China's Fertilizer Industry fast development, fertilising un-reasonable phenomenon is very outstanding, utilization rate of fertilizer is low, the wasting of resources, environmental pollution and agriculture production cost increase.The usage quantity of China's chemical fertilizer is considerably beyond international average level, and current China amount of application of nitrogen fertilizer is 3 times of the U.S., French 1.5 times, German 1.6 times.Chemical fertilizer utilization ratio is well below world standard.America utilization rate of fertilizer reaches 52%, and European utilization ratio reaches 68%.And China's utilization ratio is only 30 ~ 35%, so low utilization rate of fertilizer, wastes a large amount of financial resources and resource.The elements such as a large amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium residue in soil, enter underground water and surface water or be discharged in air, bring serious environmental pollution.According to statistics, China's nitrogen fertilizer production accounts for 5% of national energy consumption, the carbonic acid gas of discharge accounts for 8% of national total emission volumn, agricultural pollution accounts for 60% of gross contamination source, a large amount of fertilizer losses, person remain in inside soil, and the hardening soil is degenerated, and cause agricultural product quality to decline, environmental pollution, ecological damage.
Chemical fertilizer is maximum in China's agriculture production economy expenditure, and due to the combined influence of fertilizer character and edatope condition, utilization rate of fertilizer is low has become ubiquitous problem on fertilizer application.This season utilization ratio of current China nitrogenous fertilizer is only 30%-35%, is equivalent to lose 1,900 ten thousand tons of urea every year.Except direct financial loss, some areas cause environmental pollution because of improper fertilization, occur the problems such as in earth's surface eutrophication, underground water and vegetables, nitrate nitrogen content exceeds standard, the increase of nitrous oxide emission amount.
Improve the aspects such as utilization rate of fertilizer, saving cost, minimizing environmental pollution and have very large development space, slow release fertilizer can improve utilization rate of fertilizer, improves utilization rate of fertilizer, reduces rate of fertilizer application, saves labor of fertilizer application power, seems particularly important.Slow-release fertilizer makes it to absorb with crop nutrition content basic synchronised by the regulation and control to nutrient release rate, greatly can improve fertilizer nutrient utilization, reduces widespread pollution from the overuse of fertilizers and pesticides in rural area.
Coated fertilizer is a type of sustained-controll-release fertiliser, can be divided into organic coated fertilizer and inorganic coating fertilizer by the character of mould material; The existing sulphur coated urea of inorganic coating fertilizer, clay mineral coated fertilizer; Organic coated fertilizer mainly refers to polymer coated fertilizer.Inorganic coating fertilizer general cost is lower, pollution-free, but controlled release period is shorter; The controlled release period of organic coated fertilizer is long, but cost is high, uses in a large number and may bring risk to edatope.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide one and integrate adsorption sustained-release and coated slow-release effect, Environmental Safety, the Double-control sustained-release fertilizer of increase yield significantly.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of raw material and is easy to get, and production cost is low, the production method of the simple slow release fertilizer of technique.
The object of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions, this Double-control sustained-release fertilizer comprises ternary compound fertilizer material component, absorption bonding component and dressing component three part, and described ternary compound fertilizer material component comprises nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium macroelement; Described absorption bonding component comprises straw biological black wood charcoal, deglued bone meal, tackiness agent; Described tackiness agent is the mixture of shellac and rosin, and the blending ratio of mixture is equal proportion, take ethanol as solvent, is dissolved with 80-100 gram of solute in often liter of solvent; Described dressing component comprises base oil, mud, diatomite.
In described absorption bonding component, the ratio of weight and number of straw biological black wood charcoal, deglued bone meal, tackiness agent is 10: 5: 2;
In described dressing component, base oil, mud, diatomaceous ratio of weight and number are 2: 10: 7;
The production method of Double-control sustained-release fertilizer of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
1. be the ratio mixing of 10: 5: 1 by ratio of weight and the number of copies by straw biological black wood charcoal, deglued bone meal, tackiness agent, add appropriate water, stir being heated at the temperature of 50-60 DEG C, make homogeneous absorption bonding spray coating liquor;
2. the spray coating liquor adopting the method for spraying step 1. to be obtained sprays to granulation on ternary compound fertilizer material, and the ratio of weight and number that ternary compound fertilizer material bonds spray coating liquor with absorption is 100: 15-20, spraying temperature 60-70 DEG C;
3. 10 parts of mud, 7 parts of diatomite are added suitable quantity of water and stir, be heated to 40-50 DEG C, then add 2 parts of base oils, fully stir, make dressing spray coating liquor;
4. the dressing spray coating liquor that on the ternary compound fertilizer material particle adopting heat spraying method 2. to obtain in step, 3. spraying process obtains, spraying temperature is 55-65 DEG C, and the ratio of weight and number of ternary compound fertilizer material particle and dressing spray coating liquor is 100: 8-10;
Advantage of the present invention:
Double-control sustained-release fertilizer, the composite organic-inorganic fertilizer particle that to be the absorption bonding component researched and developed voluntarily with my company and dressing component produce for sustained release dosage is for core core, the macroelement molecule such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium of core in-core is adsorbed bonding component and is adsorbed, according to plant growth needs, and slow releasing; Recycling dressing component wraps up this slow-release fertilizer core core and forms release membranes, realize the dual-sustained-release regulating and controlling of nutrient, overcome that the nutrient slowly-released property of resin coated fertilizer is good but price is high, the material coated cost of inorganic nutrients is low but the shortcoming of nutrient slowly-released property difference, have that production cost is low, had good sustained release effect, fertilizer are residual without film, the advantage such as suitable field crop application especially.
Embodiment
Double-control sustained-release fertilizer of the present invention comprises ternary compound fertilizer material component, absorption bonding component and dressing component three part, and ternary compound fertilizer material component comprises nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium macroelement, can add other trace element as required; Absorption bonding component comprises straw biological black wood charcoal, deglued bone meal, tackiness agent, and its consumption is 10: 5: 2 by weight; Tackiness agent is the mixture of shellac and rosin, and the blending ratio of mixture is equal proportion, take ethanol as solvent, is dissolved with 90 grams of solutes in often liter of solvent; Dressing component comprises base oil, mud, diatomite, and its consumption is 2: 10: 7 by weight.
The production method of Double-control sustained-release fertilizer of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
(1) adopt vapor heated method by 10 kilograms of straw biological black wood charcoals, 5 kilograms of deglued bone meals, 1 kilogram of tackiness agents mixing, add appropriate water, stir being heated at the temperature of 55 DEG C, make homogeneous absorption bonding spray coating liquor;
(2) adopt the method for spraying that the spray coating liquor 18 kilograms that step (1) is obtained is sprayed to granulation on 100 kilograms of ternary compound fertilizer material, spraying temperature 60-70 DEG C;
(3) 10 kilograms of mud, 7 kilograms of diatomite are added suitable quantity of water and stir, be heated to 40-50 DEG C, then add 2 kilograms of base oils, fully stir, make dressing spray coating liquor;
(4) the dressing spray coating liquor 9 kilograms that on the ternary compound fertilizer material particle adopting heat spraying method to obtain in step (2), 3. spraying process obtains, spraying temperature is 55-65 DEG C.
The field test data of Double-control sustained-release fertilizer on corn
1. test process
Process 1: mu Controlled Release Fertilizer 15kg makees base manure; Before head water, disposable mu again chases after Controlled Release Fertilizer 10kg and adds urea 20kg.
Process 2: mu diammonium phosphate 20kg adds urea 8kg and adds potassium sulphate fertilizer 5kg and make base manure, and before head water, disposable mu chases after urea 25kg.
2. experimental field basic condition
Experimental field be selected in Linyi City Yinan County Soviet Union villages and small towns, test area is 10.5 mu, and conventional fertilizer application area is 6.5 mu, and Controlled Release Fertilizer test area is 4 mu.April 30 was sowed, and May 11 emerged, pour water the time of infertility 5 times (30/6,11/7,24/7,5/8,1/9), intertillage secondary.Before conventional fertilizer application joint head water, mu chases after urea 25kg.Controlled Release Fertilizer every mu chases after 5kg.October 20 gathered in the crops.
3. test result analysis
(1) different treatment is on the impact of corn character
Corn slow-release or control-release fertilizer as can be seen from Table 1, plant height, Ear height, spike length are all high than conventional fertilizer application, and bald sharp rate is lower than contrast.
The field investigation of table 1 different treatment and indoor species test situation
(2) different treatment is on the impact of corn yield
From grain number per spike, Ear weight, thousand seed weight and seed-producing rate (see table 1), execute corn slow-release or control-release fertilizer process more than conventional fertilizer application 23.8 successively, heavy 18.5g, 25.6g and exceed 0.2 percentage point, finally fall in output, execute corn Controlled Release Fertilizer than conventional fertilizer application mu volume increase 129.7kg, amount of increase in production is 14.9%.
4 Economic and Efficiency Analysis
Table 2 shows, execute fewer than conventional fertilizer application 10.6 yuan of slow-release or control-release fertilizer mu cost, and per mu yield value is higher than conventional fertilizer application 154.8 yuan.It is 165.4 yuan that mu has a net increase of benefit.
Table 2 applies fertilizer Economic and Efficiency Analysis
Under this test conditions, use dual control slow-release or control-release fertilizer, there is obvious production-increasing function and economic benefit; Meanwhile, the whole growth and development stage of corn all shows healthy and strong tall and straight, and the middle and later periods is without de-fertile phenomenon.Can promote by large-scale demonstration.

Claims (1)

1. a production method for Double-control sustained-release fertilizer, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
1. be the ratio mixing of 10: 5: 1 by ratio of weight and the number of copies by straw biological black wood charcoal, deglued bone meal, tackiness agent, add appropriate water, stir being heated at the temperature of 50-60 DEG C, make homogeneous absorption bonding spray coating liquor;
2. the spray coating liquor adopting the method for spraying step 1. to be obtained sprays to granulation on ternary compound fertilizer material, and the ratio of weight and number that ternary compound fertilizer material bonds spray coating liquor with absorption is 100: 15-20, spraying temperature 60-70 DEG C;
3. 10 parts of mud, 7 parts of diatomite are added suitable quantity of water and stir, be heated to 40-50 DEG C, then add 2 parts of base oils, fully stir, make dressing spray coating liquor;
4. the dressing spray coating liquor that on the ternary compound fertilizer material particle adopting heat spraying method 2. to obtain in step, 3. spraying process obtains, spraying temperature is 55-65 DEG C, the ratio of weight and number of ternary compound fertilizer material particle and dressing spray coating liquor is 100: 8-10, described tackiness agent take ethanol as solvent, be dissolved with 80-100 gram of solute in often liter of solvent, its solute is the mixture of the equal proportion of shellac and rosin.
CN201310722177.8A 2013-12-15 2013-12-15 A kind of Double-control sustained-release fertilizer and production method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN103708959B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310722177.8A CN103708959B (en) 2013-12-15 2013-12-15 A kind of Double-control sustained-release fertilizer and production method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310722177.8A CN103708959B (en) 2013-12-15 2013-12-15 A kind of Double-control sustained-release fertilizer and production method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103708959A CN103708959A (en) 2014-04-09
CN103708959B true CN103708959B (en) 2015-12-09

Family

ID=50402352

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310722177.8A Expired - Fee Related CN103708959B (en) 2013-12-15 2013-12-15 A kind of Double-control sustained-release fertilizer and production method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103708959B (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104447029B (en) * 2014-12-14 2017-03-08 青岛锐志农业技术服务有限公司 A kind of environment-friendlyplant plant slow-release compound fertilizer
CN107056407A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-08-18 华南农业大学 A kind of film-coated and slow release fertilizer using municipal sludge as raw material and preparation method thereof

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1524832A (en) * 2003-03-02 2004-09-01 吴永常 Envelope technology and method for controllable slow-release fertilizer
CN2771202Y (en) * 2003-04-21 2006-04-12 冯树杰 Two-cladding-layer, two-film-layer spherical fertilizer
CN101165013A (en) * 2007-09-22 2008-04-23 李涛 Special fertilizer for lawn and granulating method thereof
CN103058789A (en) * 2012-12-29 2013-04-24 广东中迅农科股份有限公司 Cartap fertilizer granules and preparation method thereof
CN103351209A (en) * 2013-06-07 2013-10-16 安徽金阳环保肥业有限公司 Slow-release fertilizer special for cotton and preparation method thereof

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100946937B1 (en) * 2007-10-31 2010-03-09 주식회사 동부하이텍 Biodegradable Slow-release Coated Fertilizer

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1524832A (en) * 2003-03-02 2004-09-01 吴永常 Envelope technology and method for controllable slow-release fertilizer
CN2771202Y (en) * 2003-04-21 2006-04-12 冯树杰 Two-cladding-layer, two-film-layer spherical fertilizer
CN101165013A (en) * 2007-09-22 2008-04-23 李涛 Special fertilizer for lawn and granulating method thereof
CN103058789A (en) * 2012-12-29 2013-04-24 广东中迅农科股份有限公司 Cartap fertilizer granules and preparation method thereof
CN103351209A (en) * 2013-06-07 2013-10-16 安徽金阳环保肥业有限公司 Slow-release fertilizer special for cotton and preparation method thereof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103708959A (en) 2014-04-09

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102826890B (en) Efficient polymorphous fertilizer special for vegetables and preparation method thereof
CN103896686B (en) A kind of stability urea
CN102603431A (en) Film coating synergistic nitrogen fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN102863285A (en) Special eggplant slow-release fertilizer using biomass granular carbon as matrix and preparation method thereof
CN106278696A (en) A kind of special charcoal slow-release fertilizer of Fructus Capsici and preparation method thereof
CN102863286A (en) Cabbage special use slow release fertilizer using biomass carbon granules as matrixes and preparation method of slow release fertilizer
CN103408345A (en) Humic acid synergistic composite fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105367249A (en) Special organic compound mixed fertilizer for rosaceous grapes and preparation method for fertilizer
CN105585393A (en) Double-layer microbial fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN102863287A (en) Special banana slow-release fertilizer using biomass granular carbon as matrix and preparation method thereof
CN105198619A (en) Dedicated peanut fertilizer for maize-peanut intercropping and preparation method of dedicated peanut fertilizer
CN103694038A (en) Value-added humic acid urea and preparation method thereof
CN102850136A (en) Citrus specialized slow release fertilizer using biomass granular carbon as substrate and preparation method of citrus specialized slow release fertilizer
CN103172435B (en) Controlled-release fertilizer for wax-apple trees and method for preparing same
CN105294237A (en) Preparation method of special rape fertilizer containing alginic acid
CN104262065B (en) A kind of slow long-acting compound fertilizer of containing nitrogenous fertilizers synergist and preparation method thereof
CN100369870C (en) Controlled-releasing fertilizer for perennial orange trees, and its prepn. method
CN104557310A (en) Synergistic environment-friendly energy-saving fertilizer for sugarcanes and manufacturing method for fertilizer
CN101857480A (en) Organic compound fertilizer special for areca-nuts
CN103708959B (en) A kind of Double-control sustained-release fertilizer and production method thereof
CN103172436B (en) Areca catechu controlled-release fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105838376A (en) Humic acid soil conditioner, and composition, preparation method and application method thereof
CN104987222A (en) Sustained-release synergist for multifunctional synergistic nitrogen fertilizer
CN106083448A (en) A kind of biologic organic, inorganic large-particle fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN102992860A (en) Special slow-release fertilizer taking biomass granular carbon as matrix for radishes and preparation method thereof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20160218

Address after: 276300 Shandong Province, Linyi city Yinan County Industrial Park Middle Shuntian ecological fertilizer industry limited company

Patentee after: Sino-Agri Shuntian Ecological Fertilizer Industry Co., Ltd.

Address before: 276300 Shandong Province, Linyi city Yinan County Industrial Park Middle Shuntian ecological fertilizer industry limited company

Patentee before: Yue Wanhua

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151209

Termination date: 20171215