CN103704484B - Novel fattened pig compound feed and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Novel fattened pig compound feed and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103704484B
CN103704484B CN201410003808.5A CN201410003808A CN103704484B CN 103704484 B CN103704484 B CN 103704484B CN 201410003808 A CN201410003808 A CN 201410003808A CN 103704484 B CN103704484 B CN 103704484B
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novel
premix
raw
feed
wheat
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CN103704484A (en
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李兴清
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QUJING DAXING FEED Co Ltd
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QUJING DAXING FEED Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a novel fattened pig compound feed and a preparation method thereof. The novel fattened pig compound feed is prepared from the following raw materials in percentage by weight: 35-50 percent of corns, 20-35 percent of puffed peas, 15-40 percent of wheat and 3-4 percent of a premix. According to the digestion physiological characteristic of a fattened pig, the peas, the corns and the wheat, which are high in biological utilization rate, are used as basic feed materials, and synthesized creatine monohydrate is creatively mixed with glucose, D-pinitol and other additives to replace conventional fish meal, so that under a condition of reducing the feeding cost, the lean rate is increased, the growth speed is increased, the digestion absorption rate is improved, and the resistance to pathogens is enhanced; nitrogen emission is alleviated, and the feeding environment is improved. Meanwhile, an advanced puffing technology is adopted, so that the puffing efficiency and the fat digestion rate as well as the palatability of the feed are improved. The novel fattened pig compound feed has the characteristics of high lean rate, stable quality, low cost, high fat digestion rate, high palatability, low excrement pollution and the like and has a high popularization value.

Description

A kind of novel growing and fattening pigs mixed feed and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to pig feed technical field, particularly relate to a kind of novel growing and fattening pigs mixed feed and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Pork is the important foodstuffs source during we live, along with improving constantly of people's living standard, the quality of pork is had higher requirement, meat quality is more and more subject to the attention of consumers in general, and increasing consumer likes selecting the pork that lean meat percentage is high, metabolism of lipid and cholesterol content is low.In prior art; the way improving lean meat percentage is in fattening pannage, add the raw material being rich in creatine; because creatine is only present in animal protein; so usually high-protein feed can be added in feed; it is domestic at present that to add feed by accreditation, animal protein the most conventional be fish meal; but domestic fish meal output is lower, about need every year to external import 800,000 tons, cost is higher.Although also there is application synthesis creatine to replace the report of creatine, effect is not obviously with stable.Meanwhile, the fattening pannage of prior art all also part to be improved in digestibility, palatability and environmental pollution etc.Therefore, research and develop a kind of synthesis creatine that adopts and replace fish meal and growing and fattening pigs mixed feed that lean meat percentage is high, steady quality, cost are low, fat digestibility is high, good palatability, manure contamination are little and preparation method thereof is desirability.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of energy synthesis creatine and replace fish meal and the novel growing and fattening pigs mixed feed that lean meat percentage is high, steady quality, cost are low, fat digestibility is high, good palatability, manure contamination are little, provide its preparation method simultaneously.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this, and this novel growing and fattening pigs mixed feed is made up of following raw material and weight ratio thereof: corn 35 ~ 50%, expanded pea 20 ~ 35%, wheat 15 ~ 40% and premix 3 ~ 4%, described premix is made up of following raw material and weight ratio thereof: glucose 24 ~ 46%, hydrogen calcium 10 ~ 32%, stone flour 18 ~ 38%, FE-5 7 ~ 14%, vitamin premix 5 ~ 11%, microelement pre-mix material 2 ~ 8.5%, salt 2 ~ 14%, sodium bicarbonate 2 ~ 6%, threonine 2 ~ 6%, betaine 1.2 ~ 6%, methionine hydroxy calcium 1.2 ~ 3%, creatine monohydrate 1.2 ~ 3%, Choline Chloride 0.8 ~ 3.4%, phytase 0.5 ~ 0.9%, alpha amylase 0.2 ~ 0.5%, acid protease 0.2 ~ 0.5% and D-pine camphor 0.2 ~ 0.5%.Described vitamin premix is one or more in vitamin A, D3, E, K3, B1, B2, B6, B12, folic acid and pantothenic acid.Described microelement pre-mix material is one or more in iron, zinc, manganese, copper, cobalt, iodine and selenium.
The preparation method of this novel growing and fattening pigs mixed feed comprises the following steps:
A, raw material are pulverized: the pea after impurity elimination, corn and wheat being pulverized respectively rear aperture is excessively that 1 ~ 2.5mm sieve is for subsequent use;
B, pea are expanded: in every 100kg peameal, add 1 ~ 2.5kg palm oil and 1 ~ 2.5kg soybean oil and stir; Then carry out steam regulation of texture, conditioning of texture process with modulator, steam pressure is 0.5 ~ 0.7MPa, and refining temperature is 70 ~ 90 DEG C; Then enter Builking cavity and carry out extrusion, swelling temperature controls at 120 ~ 140 DEG C, and bulking pressure is 6 ~ 8 MPa;
C, raw material mix: the part by weight of each raw material according to corn 35 ~ 50%, expanded pea 20 ~ 35%, wheat 15 ~ 40% and premix 3 ~ 4% is carried out proportioning and stir;
D, secondary operations: carry out pulverizing or granulating according to needs of feeding;
E, to package spare.
The present invention is directed to the digestive physiological characteristics of growing and fattening pigs, select high pea, corn and the wheat of bioavailability as feed base-material, initiative mixes to substitute traditional fish meal by the creatine monohydrate of synthesis with glucose, D-pine camphor and other additives, improve lean meat percentage when reducing and feeding cost, accelerate the speed of growth, improve digestibility and enhance the resistance to pathogen, decrease elimination of nitrogen, improve environment of feeding.Meanwhile, adopt Reasonable Parameters to carry out modulation and expanded after being mixed with grease by pea in preparation method again, can avoid crashing in puffing process, improve expanded efficiency, and further increase fat digestibility after grease slaking, add the palatability of feed.The present invention has the features such as lean meat percentage is high, steady quality, cost are low, fat digestibility is high, good palatability, manure contamination are little, has good promotional value.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated, but limited the present invention never in any form, and any conversion done based on training centre of the present invention or replacement, all belong to protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
This growing and fattening pigs mixed feed is made up of following raw material and weight ratio thereof: corn 35%, expanded pea 35%, wheat 27% and premix 3%; Described premix is made up of following raw material and weight ratio thereof: glucose 24%, hydrogen calcium 32%, stone flour 18%, FE-5 7.5%, vitamin premix 5%, microelement pre-mix material 2%, salt 2%, sodium bicarbonate 2%, threonine 2%, betaine 1.2%, methionine hydroxy calcium 1 %, creatine monohydrate 1.2%, Choline Chloride 0.8%, phytase 0.5%, alpha amylase 0.2%, acid protease 0.2% and D-pine camphor 0.2%; Described vitamin premix is one or more in vitamin A, D3, E, K3, B1, B2, B6, B12, folic acid and pantothenic acid; Described microelement pre-mix material is one or more in iron, zinc, manganese, copper, cobalt, iodine and selenium.
The preparation method of this growing and fattening pigs mixed feed comprises the following steps:
A, raw material are pulverized: the pea after impurity elimination, corn and wheat being pulverized respectively rear aperture is excessively that 1 ~ 2.5mm sieve is for subsequent use;
B, pea are expanded: in every 100kg peameal, add 1 ~ 2.5kg palm oil and 1 ~ 2.5kg soybean oil and stir; Then carry out steam regulation of texture, conditioning of texture process with modulator, steam pressure is 0.5 ~ 0.7MPa, and refining temperature is 70 ~ 90 DEG C; Then enter Builking cavity and carry out extrusion, swelling temperature controls at 120 ~ 140 DEG C, and bulking pressure is 6 ~ 8 MPa;
C, raw material mix: each raw material weight proportion requirement is carried out proportioning and stirred;
D, secondary operations: carry out pulverizing or granulating according to needs of feeding;
E, to package spare.
Random selecting body weight deviation is less than the Chang-Bai piglet of 20 about 30kg of 1kg, will wherein 10 as feed described in experimental group feeding the present embodiment, other 10 mixed feeds as a control group feeding market being added 3% fish meal, the feeding environment of two groups, the feeding frequency are all identical with the day parameters such as feeding amount.To grow to 120kg for the standard of delivering for sale, according to final statistics and detection, experimental group can shift to an earlier date 7 days delivers for sale, every can reduce feed cost about 75 yuan, the lean meat percentage of experimental group is 56%, the lean meat percentage of control group is 50%, and when carrying out feeding to the pig in experimental group, the eating speed of pig is obviously better than control group, and in hurdle, peculiar smell is also less.
Embodiment 2:
This growing and fattening pigs mixed feed is made up of following raw material and weight ratio thereof: corn 47.5%, expanded pea 34%, wheat 15% and premix 3.5%; Described premix is made up of following raw material and weight ratio thereof: glucose 46%, hydrogen calcium 10%, stone flour 18%, FE-5 7%, vitamin premix 5%, microelement pre-mix material 2%, salt 2%, sodium bicarbonate 2%, threonine 2%, betaine 1.2%, methionine hydroxy calcium 1.2%, creatine monohydrate 1.4%, Choline Chloride 0.8%, phytase 0.5%, alpha amylase 0.2%, acid protease 0.2% and D-pine camphor 0.5%; Described vitamin premix is one or more in vitamin A, D3, E, K3, B1, B2, B6, B12, folic acid and pantothenic acid; Described microelement pre-mix material is one or more in iron, zinc, manganese, copper, cobalt, iodine and selenium.
Described in embodiment 2, the preparation method of growing and fattening pigs mixed feed is identical with embodiment 1.
Random selecting body weight deviation is less than the Chang-Bai piglet of 20 about 30kg of 1kg, will wherein 10 as feed described in experimental group feeding the present embodiment, other 10 mixed feeds as a control group feeding market being added 3% fish meal, the feeding environment of two groups, the feeding frequency are all identical with the day parameters such as feeding amount.To grow to 120kg for the standard of delivering for sale, according to final statistics and detection, experimental group can shift to an earlier date 8 days delivers for sale, every can reduce feed cost about 80 yuan, the lean meat percentage of experimental group is 58%, the lean meat percentage of control group is 50%, and when carrying out feeding to the pig in experimental group, the eating speed of pig is obviously better than control group, and in hurdle, peculiar smell is also less.
Embodiment 3:
This growing and fattening pigs mixed feed is made up of following raw material and weight ratio thereof: corn 50%, expanded pea 20%, wheat 26% and premix 4%; Described premix is made up of following raw material and weight ratio thereof: glucose 24.6%, hydrogen calcium 10%, stone flour 38%, FE-5 7%, vitamin premix 5%, microelement pre-mix material 2%, salt 2%, sodium bicarbonate 2%, threonine 2%, betaine 1.2%, methionine hydroxy calcium 1.2%, creatine monohydrate 3%, Choline Chloride 0.8%, phytase 0.5%, alpha amylase 0.2%, acid protease 0.2% and D-pine camphor 0.3%; Described vitamin premix is one or more in vitamin A, D3, E, K3, B1, B2, B6, B12, folic acid and pantothenic acid; Described microelement pre-mix material is one or more in iron, zinc, manganese, copper, cobalt, iodine and selenium.
Described in embodiment 3, the preparation method of growing and fattening pigs mixed feed is identical with embodiment 1.
Random selecting body weight deviation is less than the Chang-Bai piglet of 20 about 30kg of 1kg, will wherein 10 as feed described in experimental group feeding the present embodiment, other 10 mixed feeds as a control group feeding market being added 3% fish meal, the feeding environment of two groups, the feeding frequency are all identical with the day parameters such as feeding amount.To grow to 120kg for the standard of delivering for sale, according to final statistics and detection, experimental group can shift to an earlier date 8 days delivers for sale, every can reduce feed cost about 80 yuan, the lean meat percentage of experimental group is 60%, the lean meat percentage of control group is 50%, and when carrying out feeding to the pig in experimental group, the eating speed of pig is obviously better than control group, and in hurdle, peculiar smell is also less.
Embodiment 4:
This growing and fattening pigs mixed feed is made up of following raw material and weight ratio thereof: corn 36%, expanded pea 21%, wheat 40% and premix 3%; Described premix is made up of following raw material and weight ratio thereof: glucose 26%, hydrogen calcium 14%, stone flour 20%, FE-5 14%, vitamin premix 6%, microelement pre-mix material 3%, salt 3%, sodium bicarbonate 3%, threonine 3%, betaine 1.5%, methionine hydroxy calcium 1.5%, creatine monohydrate 2%, Choline Chloride 1%, phytase 0.9%, alpha amylase 0.4%, acid protease 0.3% and D-pine camphor 0.4%; Described vitamin premix is one or more in vitamin A, D3, E, K3, B1, B2, B6, B12, folic acid and pantothenic acid; Described microelement pre-mix material is one or more in iron, zinc, manganese, copper, cobalt, iodine and selenium.
Described in embodiment 4, the preparation method of growing and fattening pigs mixed feed is identical with embodiment 1.
Random selecting body weight deviation is less than the Chang-Bai piglet of 20 about 30kg of 1kg, will wherein 10 as feed described in experimental group feeding the present embodiment, other 10 mixed feeds as a control group feeding market being added 3% fish meal, the feeding environment of two groups, the feeding frequency are all identical with the day parameters such as feeding amount.To grow to 120kg for the standard of delivering for sale, according to final statistics and detection, experimental group can shift to an earlier date 7 days delivers for sale, every can reduce feed cost about 75 yuan, the lean meat percentage of experimental group is 57%, the lean meat percentage of control group is 50%, and when carrying out feeding to the pig in experimental group, the eating speed of pig is obviously better than control group, and in hurdle, peculiar smell is also less.

Claims (5)

1. a novel growing and fattening pigs mixed feed, is characterized in that it is made up of following raw material and weight ratio thereof: corn 35 ~ 50%, expanded pea 20 ~ 35%, wheat 15 ~ 40% and premix 3 ~ 4%;
Described premix is made up of following raw material and weight ratio thereof: glucose 24 ~ 46%, hydrogen calcium 10 ~ 32%, stone flour 18 ~ 38%, FE-5 7 ~ 14%, vitamin premix 5 ~ 11%, microelement pre-mix material 2 ~ 8.5%, salt 2 ~ 14%, sodium bicarbonate 2 ~ 6%, threonine 2 ~ 6%, betaine 1.2 ~ 6%, methionine hydroxy calcium 1.2 ~ 3%, creatine monohydrate 1.2 ~ 3%, Choline Chloride 0.8 ~ 3.4%, phytase 0.5 ~ 0.9%, alpha amylase 0.2 ~ 0.5%, acid protease 0.2 ~ 0.5% and D-pine camphor 0.2 ~ 0.5%.
2. the novel growing and fattening pigs mixed feed of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that described vitamin premix is one or more in vitamin A, D3, E, K3, B1, B2, B6, B12, folic acid and pantothenic acid.
3. the novel growing and fattening pigs mixed feed of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that described microelement pre-mix material is one or more in iron, zinc, manganese, copper, cobalt, iodine and selenium.
4. the preparation method of a kind of novel growing and fattening pigs mixed feed according to claim 1, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
A, raw material are pulverized: the pea after impurity elimination, corn and wheat being pulverized respectively rear aperture is excessively that 1 ~ 2.5mm sieve is for subsequent use;
B, pea are expanded: in every 100kg peameal, add 1 ~ 2.5kg palm oil and 1 ~ 2.5kg soybean oil and stir; Then carry out steam regulation of texture, conditioning of texture process with modulator, steam pressure is 0.5 ~ 0.7MPa, and refining temperature is 70 ~ 90 DEG C; Then enter Builking cavity and carry out extrusion, swelling temperature controls at 120 ~ 140 DEG C, and bulking pressure is 6 ~ 8 MPa;
C, raw material mix: the part by weight of each raw material according to corn 35 ~ 50%, expanded pea 20 ~ 35%, wheat 15 ~ 40% and premix 3 ~ 4% is carried out proportioning and stir;
D, secondary operations: carry out pulverizing or granulating according to needs of feeding;
E, to package spare.
5. the preparation method of a kind of novel growing and fattening pigs mixed feed according to claim 4, is characterized in that in stepb, and the palm oil added in every 100kg peameal and soybean oil are respectively 2.5kg.
CN201410003808.5A 2014-01-06 2014-01-06 Novel fattened pig compound feed and preparation method thereof Active CN103704484B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104489371A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-04-08 通威股份有限公司 Mixed pellet feed for over-sized fattening pigs and preparation method thereof
CN104872451A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-09-02 曲靖市大兴饲料有限责任公司 Vinasse mixed feed for breeding pigs
CN105595013A (en) * 2015-09-09 2016-05-25 浙江大飞龙动物保健品有限公司 Novel additive special for big pigs
CN106387375A (en) * 2016-08-27 2017-02-15 天长市金农农业发展有限公司 Feed for cattle at fattening period, having balanced nutrition and good pathogenic bacteria resistant effects

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CN101238859A (en) * 2007-02-10 2008-08-13 乔继华 Complete compound feed for fattening pig
CN101611830A (en) * 2009-08-06 2009-12-30 北京北农大动物科技有限责任公司 Compound premix for nursing sows

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