CN103704057B - Quaternity raising shed - Google Patents

Quaternity raising shed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103704057B
CN103704057B CN201310709624.6A CN201310709624A CN103704057B CN 103704057 B CN103704057 B CN 103704057B CN 201310709624 A CN201310709624 A CN 201310709624A CN 103704057 B CN103704057 B CN 103704057B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
warmhouse booth
quaternity
methane
culturing chamber
raising shed
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Application number
CN201310709624.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103704057A (en
Inventor
孙志刚
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博兴县国丰高效生态循环农业开发有限公司
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Priority to CN201310709624.6A priority Critical patent/CN103704057B/en
Publication of CN103704057A publication Critical patent/CN103704057A/en
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Publication of CN103704057B publication Critical patent/CN103704057B/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The present invention relates to greenhouse cultivation equipment, specifically a kind of quaternity raising shed, including culturing chamber, methane-generating pit, warmhouse booth and device of solar generating, described warmhouse booth includes that three support heat-preserving wall and a printing opacity body of wall, the top of warmhouse booth is provided with the folding top cover of three pinnacle texture types, and described top cover is printing opacity safety glass or insulating plastic film is made;Described top cover be arranged over solar panel, solar panel connects accumulator.The high-efficient solid breeding and planting of the present invention is that people provide employment opportunities, there is provided abundant material base for biogas fermentation again, solve the intermittence of solar energy, the provincialism of biogas fermentation and seasonal global problem simultaneously, reach material benign cycle, the excellent results of energy Multi-class propagation.

Description

Quaternity raising shed
Technical field
The present invention relates to greenhouse cultivation equipment, specifically a kind of quaternity raising shed.
Background technology
In the last few years, the enforcement of various big-and-middle-sized biogas engineerings, solve the livestock and poultry farm pollution to surrounding, improve the problem that neighbouring rural energy is nervous.Biogas engineering plays wherein and improves environment, produces clean energy resource, develops the important function of the high-quality and efficient ecological agriculture.Existing biogas engineering is rinsed sewage by poultry, artificial dry clear excrement enters anaerobic digestion device after being simply mixed and ferments, and such fermentation raw material concentration is unstable, and raw material does not enter installation for fermenting through heat up (normal temperature fermentation), and factor of created gase is low.Gentle hot fermentation in having minority livestock and poultry farm biogas engineering to use, but owing to Co-generation is not carried out, the biogas produced is low temperature season largely or entirely heating for fermentation raw material, economic benefit is low, part biogas engineering is in order to add gentle installation for fermenting insulation to raw material, it is mounted with large-scale bottle coal multi-fuel fired boiler, causes production cost to strengthen, negative benefit occurs.
On the other hand, current aquaculture occupies critical role in whole agricultural economy, and some place even becomes pillar industry, therefore also needs to continue to strengthen building, encourages cultivation.And in cultivation industry; schema category of raising pigs is various; raise scattered including live pig, family-raise, biological fermentation bed cultivation, hot house cultivation, the various ways such as intensive large-scale cultivation and the cultivation of intelligent cleaning; but the live pig of China more than 60% still relies on Swine Production on a fairly large scale; it is flexible in management; producing controlled, operation cost is low.In recent years, the economic benefit of family's yard feeding pattern is more and more lower, and environmental pollution is increasingly severe, and development way forward is more and more narrow, and difficulty is more and more.And in current consumption tide, people call and go back to nature, and look forward to nuisanceless ecological food, pollution-free food and Organic food.Therefore, production becomes the heat subject of research without chemicals pollution, the Carnis Sus domestica of no drug residue, solution aquaculture and environmental protection contradiction.
And the clean energy resource of environmental protection need coordinate warmhouse booth, in order to can the most mutually utilize, not only reduce week swivel link and also energy utilization rate is high.But the technology of existing methane-generating pit associating plant and warmhouse booth is the most immature, there are some practical difficulties, is formed without integral structure, each builds in construction, is connected poor.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention, it is exactly for solving the problem that prior art exists, and devise a kind of quaternity raising shed, there is provided abundant material base for biogas fermentation, also promote energy agriculture, environmental protection agricultural, science and technology agricultural and the safe Organic food of natural biological of developping production out of pluralistic agricultural simultaneously.
The technical scheme is that a kind of quaternity raising shed, including culturing chamber, methane-generating pit, warmhouse booth and device of solar generating, described warmhouse booth includes that three support heat-preserving wall and a printing opacity body of wall, the top of warmhouse booth is provided with the folding top cover of three pinnacle texture types, and described top cover is printing opacity safety glass or insulating plastic film is made;Described top cover be arranged over solar panel, solar panel connects accumulator;Superjacent air space in described warmhouse booth is plant growing greenhouse, and underlying space is provided with culturing chamber, and the planting greenhouse above culturing chamber and warmhouse booth is separated by dividing plate;Described methane-generating pit is arranged on the lower section of culturing chamber, and the blowdown canal of culturing chamber connects the charging aperture of methane-generating pit;Described methane-generating pit be arranged over sludge gas collecting device, biogas is delivered in biogas combustion device and marsh gas power generation device by collection device by pipeline.
One end of described culturing chamber is provided with operating room, and the other end is provided with canyon.
Being provided with stair activity and monitoring system in described operating room, canyon is provided with biogas combustion device and marsh gas power generation device.
Being provided with insulation radiator in described methane-generating pit, radiator connects with biogas combustion device.
The inside of described warmhouse booth is provided with substrate culture system, plant hangar system, high-pressure mercury lamp light-supplementing system, water-fertilizer integral induction system.
Described substrate culture system uses rock wool as cultivation matrix, uses cultivation apparatus without soil, and its hydraulic pipeline uses PVC+PE, drip irrigation equipment antidrip pressure-compensating water dropper+drip sword.
The surroundings wall of described culturing chamber and dividing plate are xoncrete structure;The heat-preserving wall of described warmhouse booth uses hot-dip galvanizing sheet steel and steel pipe to assemble skeleton, uses PC plate as metope, uses bolt or riveting fixing.
As the south elevation of described warmhouse booth uses monolayer float glass to assemble.
Circulation fan, and Motorized blind heavy curtain it is lifted with inside described warmhouse booth.
Beneficial effects of the present invention can be drawn by such scheme: by being combined by the culturing chamber of warmhouse booth and cultivation domestic animal, not only compact overall structure, and can be greatly increased heat insulation effect.It is directly provided with methane-generating pit in the bottom of culturing chamber, interpolation and the maintenance of biogas material can be facilitated.The present invention also utilizes solar energy to make greenhouse insulation, and utilizes solar electrical energy generation to provide certain electric power.The present invention is additionally provided with biogas comprehensive utilization device, and including electromotor, burn heating installation, solves the Utilizing question of the energy.Non-harmful greenhouse plants provides feedstuff to cultivation, and cultivation provides raw material to methane-generating pit, in methane-generating pit fermentation provide organic fertilizer for plant, and simultaneously offer biogas be used for generating electricity, heating etc..The high-efficient solid breeding and planting of the present invention is that people provide employment opportunities, there is provided abundant material base for biogas fermentation again, also promote energy agriculture, environmental protection agricultural, science and technology agricultural and the safe Organic food of natural biological of developping production out of pluralistic agricultural simultaneously.Thoroughly solve the intermittence of solar energy, the provincialism of biogas fermentation and seasonal global problem, reach material benign cycle, the excellent results of energy Multi-class propagation.
As can be seen here, the present invention compared with prior art has substantive distinguishing features and progress, and its beneficial effect implemented also is apparent from.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic cross-section of the present invention.
Wherein, 1 is culturing chamber, and 2 is methane-generating pit, and 3 is warmhouse booth, and 4 is top cover, and 5 is solar panel, and 6 is canyon, and 7 is operating room.
Detailed description of the invention:
In order to be more fully understood that the present invention, explain in detail embodiments of the present invention below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Detailed description of the invention: as shown in Figure 1, 2, a kind of quaternity raising shed, including warmhouse booth 3, the superjacent air space in warmhouse booth 3 is plant growing greenhouse, underlying space is provided with culturing chamber 1, and the planting greenhouse above culturing chamber 1 and warmhouse booth is separated by dividing plate;Described methane-generating pit 2 is arranged on the lower section of culturing chamber 1, and the blowdown canal of culturing chamber 1 connects the charging aperture of methane-generating pit 2.Warmhouse booth 3 includes that three support heat-preserving wall and a printing opacity body of wall, and the heat-preserving wall of warmhouse booth 3 uses hot-dip galvanizing sheet steel and steel pipe to assemble skeleton, uses PC plate as metope, uses bolt or riveting fixing.The south elevation of warmhouse booth 3 uses monolayer float glass to assemble.The top of warmhouse booth 3 is provided with the folding top cover 4 of three pinnacle texture types, and described top cover 4 is made for printing opacity safety glass.Described top cover 4 be arranged over solar panel 5, solar panel 5 connects accumulator.Circulation fan, and Motorized blind heavy curtain it is lifted with inside warmhouse booth.
Substrate culture system, plant hangar system, high-pressure mercury lamp light-supplementing system, water-fertilizer integral induction system it is provided with in the inside of warmhouse booth 3.Substrate culture system uses rock wool as cultivation matrix, uses cultivation apparatus without soil, and its hydraulic pipeline uses PVC+PE, drip irrigation equipment antidrip pressure-compensating water dropper+drip sword.
The surroundings wall of culturing chamber 1 and dividing plate are xoncrete structure, and its one end is provided with operating room 7, and the other end is provided with canyon 6.Described methane-generating pit 2 be arranged over sludge gas collecting device, in biogas combustion device that biogas is delivered in canyon 6 by collection device by pipeline and marsh gas power generation device.It is provided with stair activity and monitoring system in described operating room 7.Being provided with insulation radiator in described methane-generating pit 2, radiator connects with biogas combustion device.
Described above is not limitation of the present invention, and the present invention is also not limited to the example above, change that those skilled in the art are made in the essential scope of the present invention, retrofits, adds or replaces, and also should belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a quaternity raising shed, including methane-generating pit, warmhouse booth and device of solar generating, it is characterized in that: described warmhouse booth includes that three support heat-preserving wall and a printing opacity body of wall, the top of warmhouse booth is provided with the folding top cover of three pinnacle texture types, and described top cover is printing opacity safety glass or insulating plastic film is made;Described top cover be arranged over solar panel, solar panel connects accumulator;Superjacent air space in described warmhouse booth is plant growing greenhouse, and underlying space is provided with culturing chamber, and the planting greenhouse above culturing chamber and warmhouse booth is separated by dividing plate;Described methane-generating pit is arranged on the lower section of culturing chamber, and the blowdown canal of culturing chamber connects the charging aperture of methane-generating pit;Described methane-generating pit be arranged over sludge gas collecting device, biogas is delivered in biogas combustion device and marsh gas power generation device by collection device by pipeline;One end of described culturing chamber is provided with operating room, and the other end is provided with canyon;Being provided with stair activity and monitoring system in described operating room, canyon is provided with biogas combustion device and marsh gas power generation device;The inside of described warmhouse booth is provided with substrate culture system, plant hangar system, high-pressure mercury lamp light-supplementing system, water-fertilizer integral induction system.
2. quaternity raising shed as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: being provided with insulation radiator in described methane-generating pit, radiator connects with biogas combustion device.
3. quaternity raising shed as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described substrate culture system uses rock wool as cultivation matrix, uses cultivation apparatus without soil, and its hydraulic pipeline uses PVC+PE, drip irrigation equipment antidrip pressure-compensating water dropper+drip sword.
4. quaternity raising shed as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the surroundings wall of described culturing chamber and dividing plate are xoncrete structure;The heat-preserving wall of described warmhouse booth uses hot-dip galvanizing sheet steel and steel pipe to assemble skeleton, uses PC plate as metope, uses bolt or riveting fixing.
5. quaternity raising shed as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the south elevation of described warmhouse booth uses monolayer float glass to assemble.
6. quaternity raising shed as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: it is lifted with circulation fan, and Motorized blind heavy curtain inside described warmhouse booth.
CN201310709624.6A 2013-12-21 2013-12-21 Quaternity raising shed CN103704057B (en)

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CN105075866A (en) * 2014-05-07 2015-11-25 银川艾尼工业科技开发有限公司 Solar livestock breeding heat supply circulating system
CN104082116B (en) * 2014-06-20 2016-04-20 阳东绿康春农业科技有限公司 A kind of water-fertilizer integral soilless culture system and cultivation method
CN104082070A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-10-08 骆常青 Greenhouse animal breeding and plant cultivation method and device
CN104813870A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-08-05 窦观一 Ecological agriculture system that fully utilizes wind, light and gas energy sources
CN105453947A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-04-06 贾春燕 Improved greenhouse
CN105918100A (en) * 2016-05-24 2016-09-07 中山弗雷德机械有限公司 Agricultural planting device for inner nutrition sources
CN105838588B (en) * 2016-06-08 2017-04-05 淮安市农业环境保护监测站 Booth " three natural ponds " distribution system
CN106049918A (en) * 2016-07-21 2016-10-26 范湘 Circulation system for ecological agriculture and production and operating mode
CN106155019A (en) * 2016-07-21 2016-11-23 赵荣生 Eight one Multifunctional new energy intelligent greenhouses
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CN109197260A (en) * 2017-06-29 2019-01-15 景洪市勐罕镇鑫农蔬菜种植专业合作社 A kind of indoor banana planting method of greening

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