CN103690269B - Bovine left abomasal displacement operative reduction apparatus with reduction needle transmitting range setting function - Google Patents

Bovine left abomasal displacement operative reduction apparatus with reduction needle transmitting range setting function Download PDF

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CN103690269B
CN103690269B CN 201410000901 CN201410000901A CN103690269B CN 103690269 B CN103690269 B CN 103690269B CN 201410000901 CN201410000901 CN 201410000901 CN 201410000901 A CN201410000901 A CN 201410000901A CN 103690269 B CN103690269 B CN 103690269B
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needle
reset
suture
bovine
reset pin
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CN103690269A (en )
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孙强
李占伟
涂广超
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王侨侨
李占伟
涂广超
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Abstract

本发明公开了能设置复位针射程的牛真胃左方变位手术复位装置,其中,包括复位针发射装置和具有绑线孔的复位针,复位针发射装置外缘圆滑,复位针发射装置包括有发射管、位于发射管后方并与发射管连通的弹射部以及扳机,复位针为直针,且复位针后端置于弹射部中,其余部分位于发射管中,且绑线孔位于处于发射管中的针身上;复位针发射装置还设有缝合线锁位器,缝合线锁位器通过锁定缝合线长度控制复位针的射程;本发明可以将传统的两侧切口手术简化为一侧开口手术,有效提高重病牛的生存几率,本发明还能有效保护复位针,控制复位针的发射距离,减少偶然事故,提高手术成功率。 The present invention discloses a reset pin can be set range bovine abomasal displacement leftward surgical reduction apparatus, wherein the transmitting means includes a reset pin and a hole having a tie line reset pin, the reset pin rounded outer edge emitting device, comprising transmitting means resetting the needle there launch tube, and the tube is located behind the ejection emitting portion and a trigger, the reset pin of the launch tube communicating straight needle, the needle and the reset ejection portion disposed in the rear end, the rest is in the launch tube, and the wire binding hole located in the transmit a needle tube body; reset transmitting means is further provided needle suture capture device, the capture of the suture by the suture length control range of the locking pin reset; the invention may be conventional both incisions simplified side opening surgery, improve the chances of survival of the bovine illness, the present invention can effectively protect the reset pin, the reset pin from the emission control, reduced fortuitous event, improve the success rate.

Description

能设置复位针射程的牛真胃左方变位手术复位装置 A reset pin can range bovine abomasal displacement leftward surgical resetting means

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及动物医学的技术领域,尤其是治疗牛真胃左方变位的手术器械,具体的说,是一种能设置复位针射程的牛真胃左方变位手术复位装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of veterinary medicine, especially in the treatment of bovine abomasum leftward displacement of the surgical instrument, specifically, a range can be provided to reset pin bovine abomasal displacement leftward surgical resetting means.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 牛真胃变位是指真胃的正常解剖位置发生改变,导致消化系统功能障碍的内科疾病。 [0002] bovine abomasum refers abomasal normal anatomical position is changed, resulting in digestive dysfunction internal diseases. 按真胃变位的位置可分为真胃左方变位和真胃右方变位。 Abomasum by location can be divided into left abomasal displacement and abomasal displacement rightward. 1898年出现最早关于奶牛真胃变位的报道以来,奶牛真胃变位在世界各国被报道,发病率逐年增高,同时带来了重大的经济损失。 1898 first reported on cow abomasum appeared since, cow abomasum been reported in the world, the incidence rate increased year by year, while bringing significant economic losses. 近年来,随着国民经济的发展,人们对牛奶及奶制品的需求量增加,我国奶牛集约化饲养规模迅速扩大,特别是“三聚氰胺”事件以后,散养奶牛全部进入养殖小区,饲养方式发生了很大的变化,奶牛的产奶量提高,但由于遗传、品种、疾病及饲养管理水平落后等诸多因素,导致发生真胃变位(特别是真胃左方变位)的病例不断增多,给奶牛养殖业带来严重的经济损失。 In recent years, with the development of the national economy, people's demand for milk and milk products increased, the rapid expansion of intensive rearing cows scale of China, especially after the "melamine" incident, scattered all cows entering the farming community, rearing methods occurred great changes, increase milk production, but due to genetic, species, disease and backwardness of feeding and management, and many other factors, leading abomasum (true stomach in particular, left displacement) of the growing number of cases, to Cow serious economic losses.

[0003] 奶牛发生真胃左方变位时初期表现精神沉郁,食欲下降,反刍减少,瘤胃蠕动音减弱,排粪量减少,腹泻或粪便呈干稀状交替出现,体温、呼吸基本正常;随着病情的发展出现左边腹胀,积液,坎窝下陷,食欲废绝,反刍停止,无瘤胃蠕动音。 [0003] When the cow left abomasal displacement occurs early performance depression, loss of appetite, reduced rumination, sounds decreased ruminal motility, reduce the amount of feces, or feces diarrhea alternating with as dry thin shape, body temperature, normal breathing; with the development of the disease appear on the left bloating, fluid, Hom nest subsidence, loss of appetite waste must, ruminant stop, no sound rumen motility. 在临床诊断时,于左侧8-13肋间肩关节水平线处进行叩诊和听诊,可以听到清脆的钢管音;在左侧9-11肋间肩关节水平处穿刺,可见红褐色穿刺液,PH值2.5-4.0。 In clinical diagnosis, the left intercostal 8-13 auscultation and percussion at shoulder level, can hear the ringing tone steel; 9-11 intercostal puncture in the left shoulder at the level of visible red-brown aspirate, PH value of 2.5-4.0. 根据奶牛的临床病征,结合听诊、叩诊、穿刺,真胃左方变位一般很容易确诊。 The clinical signs of cows, with auscultation, percussion, puncture, abomasal displacement leftward generally easy to diagnose.

[0004] 真胃左方变位的治疗主要分为非手术疗法和手术疗法,非手术疗法分为滚转疗法和药物疗法。 [0004] Treatment of abomasal displacement of the left divided into non-surgical therapy and surgical therapy, is divided into non-surgical therapy and drug therapy roll. 滚转疗法是将左方变位奶牛牵到松软的细沙场地,将其放倒右侧横卧,分别捆绑四肢,保护好头部,抓住其前后肢,使其仰卧与地面成45°角,然后以脊柱为中心轴,把奶牛整体向左侧放,再迅速滚转至右侧卧,滚转完毕后检查真胃是否复位,未复位时再反复滚转4-5次。 Therapy roll is displaced leftward cows to pull loose sand space, which is lying down on the right side, the limbs are tied, to protect the head, which seize the fore and hind limbs, sit 45 ° with the ground angle, then the spine as a central axis, to the left to put the whole cow, then quickly transferred to roller lying right after tumbling abomasal check whether the reset is completed, then repeated 4-5 times when the roll is not reset. 由于此疗法需要人力太多且复发率高,故在临床上已很少使用。 Since this therapy requires too much manpower and high recurrence rate, it has been rarely used in clinical practice. 药物疗法是针对单纯性真胃变位考虑到治疗费用、术后并发症及术后护理等因素时,可以考虑的治疗方法。 Drug therapy is the treatment time for the simple abomasum taking into account the cost of treatment, complications and postoperative care and other factors can be considered. 药物疗法主要包括口服泻剂、促反刍和胃肠运动药及抗酸药等,促进胃肠蠕动,加速胃肠排空,同时可选择性静注钙制剂和口服氯化钾纠正电解质失衡。 Laxatives include oral drug therapy, and promoting ruminant gastrointestinal motility agents, and antacids, and promote gastrointestinal motility, gastrointestinal emptying acceleration, while selectively intravenous and oral formulations of calcium chloride electrolyte imbalance correction. 药物疗法在临床实践中并未取得良好效果,症状缓解后大多只能维持一段时间,复发率高,一般最后还得通过外科手术进行整复。 Drug therapy in clinical practice has not achieved good results, most of the symptoms after only a matter of time, the recurrence rate, the general finally had to be through reconstructive surgery. 有文献报道用氧溴酸山莨菪碱和安乃近联合应用的药物疗法对48h内发生真胃左方变位的病例治愈率为80.2%,右方变位的治愈率为75.0%,但这仅限于发病早期就及时诊断的病例。 There really left the stomach displacement reported in the literature with oxygen bromate anisodamine and dipyrone combination of drug therapy on the occurrence of cases within 48h cure rate was 80.2%, the cure rate of the right displacement of 75.0%, but this only in cases of early onset timely diagnosis. 另有报道的中西医结合疗法,西药:5%葡萄糖氯化钠注射液、复方氯化钠注射液、维生素B1,中药处方:当归、枳实、青皮、陈皮等水煎后和石蜡油一起灌服,但是并未报道经药物治疗后的效果。 Another reported in Chinese and Western medicine, medicine: 5% glucose and sodium chloride injection, compound sodium chloride injection, vitamin B1, prescription medicine: Angelica sinensis, Citrus aurantium, blue, orange peel and other decoction filling with paraffin oil clothes, but not reported by the effect of the medication.

[0005] 由于手术治疗效果确实,真胃左方变位的治疗现在基本上全部采用手术疗法。 [0005] Since the surgical treatment Indeed, treatment of left abomasal displacement of substantially all of the current surgical treatments. 目前手术方法区别主要在于打开手术通路的切口不同,主要有腹中线旁右侧切口、右肷部切口、左右肷部双切口及大网膜固定法的左肷部切口。 Currently distinction surgical methods differ mainly in open surgical incision passage, there are right next to the midline incision, the right Xu cutout portion, the cutout portion around the left Xu and Qian cutout portion bis omentum fixed law. 腹中线旁右侧切口有一个非常好的手术视野,在发生粘连时容易剥离,整复固定容易,缝合时需要做减张缝合以对抗腹压的较大张力。 Midline incision on the right side next to a very good operation field, when easy peeling adhesions, restoration easily fixed, needs to be done in order to tension suture against the suture tension greater abdominal pressure. 右肷部切口适合个体不大的奶牛,在真胃与组织器官发生粘连时手术较为困难。 Right Xu small incision for individual cows, surgery is more difficult in the true stomach and tissue and organ adhesions. 左、右肷部切口需要主治医生和助手一起完成,整复过程简单容易,但是此法对牛造成的创伤较大,影响术后恢复。 Complete right and left Xu incision needs attending physician and assistant together, the entire complex process simple and easy, but the trauma caused by this method of cattle, affecting postoperative recovery. 应用左肷部切口可直接观察到移至左侧的真胃,对同时伴发瘤胃积食等前胃疾病的牛尤为适合,左肷部切口适于大网膜固定法,左肷部切口的大网膜固定法也是目前绝大多数兽医应用的方法。 Application of the cutout portion may be left Xu observed directly to the left of the true stomach, rumen simultaneously associated with indigestion and other gastric disorders cattle prior particularly suitable, Xu left cutout portion adapted omentum fixation, the left Xu large incision omentum fixation method is currently the vast majority of veterinary applications. 左肷部切口的大网膜固定法治疗的标准步骤如下: Standard treatment step omentum fixation Xu left cutout portion follows:

[0006] 1.术前准备 [0006] 1. preoperative preparation

[0007] 术前病牛休息半天;注射反刍针剂,以调节瘤胃兴奋,促进消化,为手术成功做好准备;同时准备手术刀、缝合针线、纱布、止血钳、镊子、塑胶排气管等器材,配制麻醉药品、消毒液和葡萄糖盐溶液等注射药品;必要时术前要给牛补液,强心,用胃导管派出瘤胃内多余的内容物。 [0007] Preoperative cow get half; injection ruminant injection to adjust the rumen excited, promote digestion, to prepare for the successful operation; at the same time preparing a scalpel, a suture needle, gauze, hemostats, forceps, plastic pipes and other exhaust equipment , preparation of narcotic drugs, disinfectant and other injectable drug glucose salt solution; before surgery necessary to give cattle rehydration, cardiac, sending the contents of the rumen with excess stomach catheter.

[0008] 2.手术过程 [0008] 2. Surgical procedure

[0009] 病牛站立保定,腰旁神经干传导麻醉,配合切口局部浸润麻醉。 [0009] Baoding cows standing beside lumbar nerve conduction anesthesia, incision with local anesthesia. 根据之前诊断的真胃变位位置确定手术部位,一般在左侧腹壁剔毛消毒后,于腰椎横突下方30cm、季肋后6-8cm处,作一长15_20cm的垂直切口。 Is determined according to the surgical site before diagnosis abomasum position, usually after the left abdominal wall shaved sterilized, below the lumbar transverse 30cm, 6-8cm rib of the rear quarter, a vertically long slit of 15_20cm.

[0010] 打开腹腔后,从左侧切口将手伸入腹腔内探查真胃,寻找真胃,术者检查真胃同周围器官组织有无粘连,如有粘连即行分离。 [0010] After opening the abdominal cavity, the incision put his hand into the abdomen cavity from the left true stomach probe, to find the true stomach, the surgeon check the abomasum without adhesions with the surrounding organs and tissues, i.e., if the adhesion line separation. 如真胃内充满气体和液体则用带有长胶管的针头穿刺真胃,接上注射器或吸引器,抽吸真胃内积滞的气体和部分液体进行减压整复。 The true stomach is filled with gas and liquid puncture needle with a long hose true stomach, or connected to a syringe aspirator suction gas and the liquid portion is the true stomach stagnation pressure with the entire complex.

[0011] 牵拉真胃,寻找大网膜,真胃固定线的穿系部位即在靠近胃大弯的大网膜浅层上,用弯圆针系长约Im的10号双股缝线,在靠近胃大弯的大网膜浅层上作第一个水平纽扣预置缝合固定线,双股缝线在网膜上打结,线尾暂时固定在创巾上,在第一个固定线后方3-5cm处的浅层网膜上再作第二个水平纽扣预置缝合固定线,在第二个固定线后方3-5cm处再作第三个水平纽扣预置缝合线。 [0011] puller abomasum, looking omentum, abomasal portion fixing wire to wear based on the omentum i.e. shallow near the greater curvature of the stomach, with the rounded pin 10 of the line about Im double-stranded suture , as in the omentum greater curvature of the stomach near the shallow first level preset buttons suture line, double-stranded suture knot on the retina, the end of the line temporarily fixed on the record towel, the first fixed button for a second preset horizontal suture line 3-5cm superficial retina at the rear of the line, the second line of the rear fixing 3-5cm then make the third horizontal suture preset buttons. 三个预置固定线穿系好后,把三根线拎起,按照前、中、后次序排列,并用止血钳夹持固定于创巾上备用。 After three pre-fasten the fixing wire wear, the three lines picked up, in accordance with the prior, during and after the order of arrangement, and with a hemostatic clamp held fixed to the record standby towel.

[0012] 然后,术者实施复位,用手掌压住真胃,经瘤胃下方,向右侧腹壁推真胃,使真胃到达正常位置。 [0012] Then, embodiment surgeon reset, abomasal pressed with the palm, downward through the rumen, abomasum pushed to the right abdominal wall, the stomach so that true reaches the normal position. 术者手退出腹腔,用拇指、食指和中指捏住第一个预置固定线的线尾进入腹腔,整个手臂经瘤胃下方进入右侧腹腔,探查并确定固定线在右侧腹壁穿出的位置后,用手指在腹腔内向腹壁外推顶,助手即可确定右侧腹壁上的切口位置。 Patients who withdraw from the abdominal cavity hand, with the thumb, index and middle fingers pinch the first wire fixed preset line tail into the abdominal cavity, the entire right arm into the abdominal cavity through the bottom of the rumen, exploration and determining a fixed line to the right of the position of piercing the abdominal wall after ejection finger outside the abdomen within the abdominal cavity, the incision site can be determined assistant on the right abdominal wall. 随即助手进行右侧腹壁切口处的剃毛、清洗、消毒和局部浸润麻醉,作一个Icm长的皮肤小切口,用止血钳经皮肤小切口向内戳透腹壁进入腹腔。 Helper then shaved abdominal incision on the right side, the cleaning, disinfection, and local anesthesia, Icm for a long skin incision, a hemostat inwardly poke through the skin incision through the abdominal wall into the abdominal cavity. 与此同时,术者手在腹腔内保护止血钳前端,防止误伤内脏。 At the same time, the surgeon hand hemostat distal protection in the abdominal cavity, to prevent accidental injury organs. 止血钳前端进入腹腔后,助手开张止血钳,术者将固定线尾送入止血钳钳嘴内,并指示助手钳夹固定线,然后助手将固定线缓缓引出右侧腹腔外。 After the distal end into the abdominal cavity hemostatic forceps, hemostats assistant opening, the surgeon will be secured and the tail into the hemostat jaws, the jaws and the fixed line indicating the assistant, and the assistant will slowly lead the fixed line right outer abdominal cavity. 按照同样的方法,将第二、第三根固定线引出右侧腹壁外。 In the same manner, the second and third fixed root line leads right outer abdominal wall. 真胃确认整复后,将三根固定线向外牵拉固定真胃,直到拉不动为止。 After restoration ABOMASUM confirmed, fixing the three fixed wire pulling outwardly true stomach, until it stops pulling. 皮肤小切口处的双股缝线打结在纱布卷上,打结完毕后,减去线尾,对皮肤小切口消毒后进行缝合。 Double-stranded suture knot small incision in the skin gauze, after knotting is completed, the end of the line is subtracted, after disinfecting the skin incision sutured. 最后,进行左侧腹壁切口的缝合,缝合时分层缝合,腹膜、腹横肌连续缝合,再依次缝合腹内斜肌、腹外斜肌,最后再进行皮肤切口结节缝合,每缝完一层缝合部位用生理盐水冲洗,并涂上抗生素类药物防止术部发炎感染,保持伤口清洁,避免外界不利因素刺激伤口。 Finally, the left side of abdominal incision sutured, layered suture suture, peritoneum, transversus abdominis continuous suture, in turn suture abdominal oblique, external oblique, and finally a skin incision sutured nodules, each slit END layer suture site flushed with saline, and coated with antibiotics to prevent infection inflamed surgery, keep the wound clean and avoid adverse external factors to stimulate wound.

[0013] 3.术后护理 [0013] 3. Postoperative Care

[0014] 强心补液,保护肝功能,可静脉注射5%糖盐水1000-2000ml,加20%葡萄糖酸钙100ml, VC2g,每天I次,连用3d。 [0014] cardiac rehydration, protect liver function, intravenous injection of 5% glucose saline 1000-2000ml, plus 20% calcium gluconate 100ml, VC2g, I day, once every 3d. 同时使用青霉素480万单位,链霉素200万单位,一日2次肌肉注射防感染。 While 4.8 million units of penicillin, streptomycin 2 million units, 2 times a day intramuscular injection of anti-infection. 此外,术后禁食ld,次日可给青草或优质易消化的青干草,逐渐恢复日常的饲养。 In addition, after fasting ld, the next day can give quality easily digestible grass or hay, gradually resume their daily feeding. 最后,术后创口冬天注意防冻,热天注意防蛆。 Finally, postoperative wound winter Note antifreeze, anti-maggot attention hot days.

[0015] 然而,标准的左肷部切口的大网膜固定法在手术的过程中,有其不足之处。 [0015] However, standard cut portion left Xu fixation omentum during surgery, has its deficiencies.

[0016] 1、由于是两侧腹壁同时切口,创口多,对组织损伤大,易感染,创口愈合速度慢,对病牛是一种极大的负担。 [0016] 1, since the both sides simultaneously abdominal incision, wound plurality of large tissue damage, susceptible, slow wound healing, for cows is a great burden.

[0017] 2、术者在手持针线在腹腔内向右侧腹壁移动时,若牛突然运动或抖动,术者不慎将针落在牛腹中或者刺穿牛的内脏,会对牛造成巨大伤害。 [0017] 2, the surgeon at hand when sewing the right side of the abdominal wall movement, if the cow sudden movement or vibration, the surgeon accidentally needle fall within the abdominal cavity or bovine belly piercing internal organs of cattle, the cattle would cause great harm .

[0018] 3、有些牛的体格非常大,实际操作手术时,术者脱光上衣,整个臂膀都伸进牛腹中,依然没法触及右侧腹壁目标位置,只能退而求其次选择右侧腹壁偏下的位置固定,从而导致左方变位复发。 [0018] 3, some cattle physique is very large, the actual surgical operation, the surgeon stripped shirt, whole cow into his arms all the belly, still can not hit a target the abdominal wall to the right position, only second best choice on the right partial abdominal wall at a fixed position, resulting in a leftward displacement of recurrence.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0019] 本发明所要解决的技术问题是针对上述技术现状,而提供一种能设置复位针射程的牛真胃左方变位手术复位装置,使用这种装置可以在牛真胃左方变位手术时无需在牛腹右侧开口,极大地减小手术对牛的创伤,该手术器械还能使复位针在传递到右侧时完全隐藏在发射装置中,减少传针失误造成的损害,同时,该手术器械能增加复位针的传递距离,即使手术对象是体格很大的牛,也能顺利将复位针送至牛腹右侧,另外,还能使术者不用费力即可将复位针穿透目标部位腹壁,提高真胃复位成功率,本发明还具有控制复位针的发射距离的功能,防止复位针射穿牛腹后因速度过快威胁牛右腹侧的人员,降低误伤。 [0019] The present invention solves the technical problem of the current situation the techniques described above and to provide a reset pin disposed range bovine abomasal displacement leftward surgical reduction apparatus using such a device can be left displaced abomasum of cattle without opening the abdomen on the right side bovine surgery, greatly reduced surgical trauma in cattle, the surgical instrument also transmitted to the reset needle completely hidden in the right side transmitting apparatus, reduce the damage caused by transmission errors needle, while the surgical instrument can increase the transmission distance of the reset pin, even if the operation is a great physical objects cattle, can be smoothly supplied to the reset pin bovine right abdominal addition, the surgeon can make the effort to reset without needled target site through the abdominal wall, improve the success rate of abomasal reset, the present invention has a function to control transmission distance of the reset pin, the reset pin to prevent the belly too rapidly penetrate bovine cattle threatening human right ventral reduce accidental injury.

[0020] 本发明解决上述技术问题所采用的技术方案为: [0020] aspect of the present invention to solve the above technical problem is:

[0021] 能设置复位针射程的牛真胃左方变位手术复位装置,其中,包括复位针发射装置和具有绑线孔的复位针,复位针发射装置外缘圆滑,复位针发射装置包括有发射管、位于发射管后方并与发射管连通的弹射部以及能控制弹射部弹射的扳机,复位针为直针,且复位针后端置于弹射部中,其余部分位于发射管中,且绑线孔位于处于发射管中的针身上;弹射部包括蓄力弹簧、与蓄力弹簧连接的打击头、与打击头配合的连接块以及置于连接块前方的缓冲弹簧,复位针后端插入连接块并与之摩擦配合,复位针发射装置还设有缝合线锁位器,缝合线锁位器通过锁定缝合线长度控制复位针的射程,缝合线锁位器包括有具有压紧和放松两种状态的锁位块,锁位块在压紧状态时能固定通过缝合线锁位器的缝合线,锁位块在放松状态时缝合线自由通过。 [0021] The needle can be provided to reset the range bovine abomasal displacement leftward surgical reduction apparatus, wherein the transmitting means includes a reset pin and a hole having a tie line reset pin, the reset pin rounded outer edge emitting device, transmitting means comprises a reset pin launch tube, located behind the emitting portion and the ejection tube and is able to control the ejection portion ejecting trigger, resetting the needle tube communicating emitting a straight needle, the needle and the reset ejection portion disposed in the rear end, the rest is in the launch tube, and a tie the needle thread hole located in the body of the launch tube; ejection driving head portion comprises a spring accumulator, the accumulator connected to the spring, cooperating with a spring against the head buffer and placed in front of the connector block of the connector block, the reset pin is inserted into the rear end of the connection block and with a friction fit, is provided with further transmitting means resetting the needle suture capture device, the capture of the suture by the suture length control resets the locking range needle, the suture capture device comprises two kinds of pressing and releasing with bit block lock state, the lock bit block at a compressed state can be secured by the suture capture device of the suture, when capture block free passage of the suture in a relaxed state.

[0022] 为优化上述技术方案,采取的具体措施还包括: [0022] In order to optimize the technical proposal, specific measures also include:

[0023] 上述的复位针发射装置后端向下延伸出手柄。 [0023] Reset needle rear end of the transmitting means downwardly extending handle.

[0024] 上述的连接块内固定有砧块,砧块一端与打击头相配合,另一端与复位针后端顶接。 [0024] the above-mentioned connecting piece fixed to the anvil, the anvil end cooperating with the striking head, and the other end abuts the rear end of the reset pin.

[0025] 上述的打击头设有卡位肩,弹射部设有限位机关,限位机关在蓄力弹簧被压缩时挡在卡位肩前部防止蓄力弹簧恢复放松状态;限位机关与扳机连接,扳机扳下时限位机关离开卡位肩的行程路线。 [0025] The blow head is provided with latching shoulder, a limiting ejection portion organ, organ limit power storage spring is compressed when the stop shoulder to prevent the front portion of the latching spring restoring force accumulator relaxed state; limiting organs and trigger connection, the trigger limit Banxia bit card bit left shoulder authorities itineraries.

[0026] 上述的发射管的管腔半径为复位针针身半径和18号缝合线直径之和的1.2倍至2倍。 [0026] The radius of the lumen of the launch tube is 1.2 to 2 times the radius of the needle body and the reset pin 18 and the diameter of the suture.

[0027] 上述的绑线孔置于复位针针身中部。 [0027] The middle of the tie wire holes disposed reset needle body.

[0028] 上述的缝合线锁位器位于发射管下部。 [0028] The suture capture the lower portion of the launch tube is located.

[0029] 上述的手柄长度为12厘米至16厘米。 [0029] The handle length of 12 to 16 cm.

[0030] 本发明的能设置复位针射程的牛真胃左方变位手术复位装置是一种用于将复位针及缝合固定线从牛腹左侧送至牛腹右侧的微创手术器械。 [0030] The present invention can be provided to reset the needle leftward range bovine abomasal displacement means is a reset operation for resetting the needle and suture line to the right of the minimally invasive surgical instrument bovine cattle from the left ventral abdomen . 该手术器械包括配套的发射装置和复位针。 The surgical instrument comprises a supporting pin and reset transmitting means. 普通的手术针是一种弯圆针,缝合创口时将针刺入,然后稍微弯曲用力,针头就能折回来,从另一处刺出皮肤,因为手术针弯曲的设计使其无法穿透较厚的物体,所以的标准的左肷部切口的大网膜固定法要在右侧先做切口,为固定线的穿过做准备,这对病牛造成了很大的手术创伤。 Common surgical needle is a rounded pin, suture wound into the needle, and then slightly bent force, the needle can be folded back, the skin puncture from another, because the curved surgical needle is designed so that it can not penetrate more thick object, the standard cut portion left Xu omentum fixation should first incision on the right side, through the fixed line for the preparation, which causes a lot of trauma surgery cows. 本发明为了减少手术造成的创伤,对于左肷部切口的大网膜固定法进行了简化和改进,在腹壁右侧并不进行切口,确认到复位位置后,在腹腔内持直针牵带固定线直接扎透右侧腹壁,然后固定于右侧腹壁上。 After the present invention is to reduce the trauma caused by surgery, fixing method for omentum Xu left cutout portion was simplified and improved, not an incision in the right abdominal wall, it was confirmed that the reset position, the straight needle holder is fixed with the retractor intraperitoneally directly through the right abdominal wall tie line, and then fixed to the right side of the abdominal wall.

[0031] 然而,直接用手将直针在牛腹腔内侧进行刺穿作业有潜在风险,因为整个针最终都要穿过牛腹,具体操作时难以有效保护针尾处在手掌内侧,一旦失控,针尾容易刺伤内脏;另外,一般术者持针线到达右侧腹壁目标位置已是勉勉强强,同时手臂还要承担瘤胃以及肠道的巨大重量,而且牛的皮肤非常厚,此时术者很难使上劲再去扎破右侧腹壁;不仅如此,细尖的针尾按压困难,对术者刺破腹壁造成了巨大困难。 [0031] However, direct hand straight needle piercing operation inside abdominal cavity bovine potential risk, because eventually the entire needle must be passed through the abdominal cattle, difficult to effectively protect the palm of the hand at the inner end of the needle when the specific operation, once out of control, pintail easy to stab the internal organs; in addition, the general surgeon holding a needle and thread to the right abdominal wall to reach the target position is barely, but also to bear arms in the rumen and the gut of the great weight, and cow skin is very thick, then the surgeon it is difficult to pull its weight again punctured the right side of the abdominal wall; not only that, fine-tipped needle tail pressed hard for the surgeon punctured the abdominal wall caused great difficulties.

[0032] 因此,直针在微创牛真胃左方变位手术中最好不要单独使用,应配以专门的持针及发射装置。 [0032] Thus, a straight needle bovine abomasal minimally invasive surgery is displaced leftward is preferably not used alone, should be accompanied by a special needle and transmitting means. 本发明的发射装置包括有发射管、位于发射管后方并与发射管连通的弹射部以及扳机,本发明的发射装置具有以下优点:1、整个装置边缘光滑,不会刮伤牛内脏。 Emitting device according to the present invention comprises a launch tube, located behind the launch tube and the tube communicating with the flipping section and a trigger transmitting, transmitting apparatus of the present invention has the following advantages: 1, the whole device smooth edges without scratches bovine offal. 2、能使复位针完全没入发射装置内,更加安全。 2, can not completely reset the needle into the transmitting device, more secure. 3、操作简单,将发射管按压在牛右腹内侧,然后按动扳机就能将针发射出去刺穿牛腹,减少人手工作业的不稳定性,降低出错率。 3, the operation is simple, the launch tube is pressed against the inner side of the right web cattle, and then press the trigger will be able to pierce the needle emitted bovine belly, manual work to reduce the instability of the industry to reduce the error rate. 4、发射装置设有手柄,而且手柄长于一般适于拿握的长度,这是因为有些牛的体格非常大,实际操作手术时,术者脱光上衣,整个臂膀都伸进牛腹中,依然没法触及右侧腹壁目标位置,而长手柄可以有效地增加术者的手术距离,术者的手只需伸到牛腹下侧,发射管就能抵在牛右腹目标位置上了。 4, the transmitting device is provided with a handle, and the handle is adapted to take longer than the general length of the grip, it is because some physical cow is very large, the actual surgical operation, the surgeon stripped shirt, the whole arms are extending into bovine belly, still did method reach the target position on the right side of the abdominal wall, and a long handle may effectively increase the distance the surgical surgeon, the surgeon's hands out into bovine belly side only, can be brought into the launch tube at a target position on the right web cattle.

[0033] 为了将发射装置和复位针有效地组合起来使用,必须解决复位针上连接的缝合线如何方便的离开发射管,如果将缝合线依然固定在针尾,将复位针安插在弹射部内时,缝合线也会一同挤进弹射部。 [0033] To emitting device and reset the needle effectively used in combination, must be solved how the suture is connected to the reset pin convenient to leave the launch tube, if the suture is still fixed to the needle end of the reset pin placed in the ejection portion when the suture will squeeze together ejection portion. 在针对不同大小的牛手术时,选择的缝合线粗细有时也不相同,这导致复位针和弹射部的摩擦力大小难以确定,不管复位针射出牛腹时速度过快还是不足以射出牛腹都是不能接受的,因此缝合线不能固定在复位针尾部,要保证其不能进入弹射部,本发明采用的解决方法是将绑线孔设置在复位针中部,在将复位针固定在弹射部中时,绑线孔处于发射管中,缝合线可以从发射管口引出。 When the operation for different sizes of cows, the selected thickness of the suture is sometimes not the same, the amount of friction which results in a reset needle and ejection portion is difficult to determine, when the reset pin is emitted regardless of bovine belly too fast or bovine belly are emitted insufficient is unacceptable, so the suture can not be fixed in a reset needle tail, to ensure that it can not enter the ejection portion, the solution adopted by the invention is a tie wire holes are provided in the middle of the reset pin, when the reset pin fixed to the ejection section , tie wire holes in the launch tube, the suture can be drawn from the emission nozzle. 这样,发射复位针的力道大小就能确定下来,在发射装置中安排合适的蓄力弹簧保证发射力度。 Thus, the size of the force transmitting pin can be reset finalized, the spring accumulator arrangement suitable to ensure the emission intensity of the emission device.

[0034] 牛真胃左方变位手术一般采用18号双股缝合线,因此,发射管管腔的直径大小应当能同时容纳18号双股缝合线和复位针,本发明将发射管的管腔半径定为复位针针身半径和18号缝合线直径之和的1.2倍至2倍。 [0034] bovine abomasal displacement of the left operation generally use double-stranded suture 18, therefore, the diameter of the lumen of emission should be able to accommodate the suture 18 and the two-ply reset pin, the present invention is the pipe launch tube the cavity radius as 1.2 to 2 times the radius of the needle body and the reset pin 18 and the diameter of the suture.

[0035] 使用本发明的复位装置时,依然需要一个助手,观察术者是否将发射管抵按在正确的位置,还需将复位针穿出的位置预先进行剃毛、清洗和消毒。 [0035] When using the reset device according to the invention, still needs an assistant surgeon to observe whether the launch tube in the correct position by the abutment, the need to reset the position of the needle piercing the previously shaved, washed and disinfected.

[0036] 本发明设置了缝合线锁位器,可以限制复位针的发射距离。 [0036] The present invention is provided with a suture capture device can be restricted from transmitting the reset pin. 它能将缝合线的某一点进行锁位,使复位针和锁位点之间的缝合线长度可控,这样射出去的复位针射到预定距离就会被缝合线拉住。 The suture can be a point capture, the length of the suture between the needle and the lock reset controllable sites, such incident light emitted to a predetermined distance from a reset pin will be pulled suture. 有了此装置,就不用担心复位针射穿牛腹后因速度过快威胁牛右腹侧的人员,降低误伤。 With this device, you will not have to worry about after a reset pin pierced belly cattle due to excessive speed threat right ventral staff cattle, reducing accidental injury.

[0037] 本发明可以将标准的左肷部切口的大网膜固定法两侧切口简化为一侧开口手术的同时,帮助术者轻松地将固定线送至右侧腹壁理想的目标位置,有效提高重病牛的生存几率,即使体格很大的牛,也能将复位针送至目标位置,同时本发明还能有效保护复位针,减少复位针刺伤内脏的偶然事故,大大提高了手术的效率和安全系数。 [0037] The present invention can be simplified cutout portion Xu left sides of the standard cut method omentum fixed side simultaneously open surgery to help the surgeon to easily fixed to the wire over a target position on the right side of the abdominal wall, effective improve the survival chances of serious illness cattle, cattle even great physique, but also be able to reset needle to the target position, while the present invention can effectively protect the reset pin, reduce needle stick injuries reset the internal organs of contingencies, greatly improving the efficiency of surgery and the safety factor. 本发明还具有控制复位针的发射距离的功能,防止复位针射穿牛腹后因速度过快威胁牛右腹侧的人员,降低误伤。 The present invention also has a control function of transmitting a reset needle distance to prevent the threat of bovine persons too rapidly to the right ventral abdomen reset needle pierced cattle, reduced fire.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0038] 图1是本发明的结构示意图; [0038] FIG. 1 is a structural diagram of the present invention;

[0039] 图2是图1的半剖结构示意图; [0039] FIG. 2 is a schematic half section of Figure 1;

[0040] 图3是图1的立体结构示意图; [0040] FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of Figure 1;

[0041]图4是复位针位于发射管中的结构示意图; [0041] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the launch tube needle is reset;

[0042] 图5是复位针结构示意图; [0042] FIG. 5 is a diagram showing the structure of a reset pin;

[0043] 图6是弹射部放大示意图。 [0043] FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of the ejection portion.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0044] 以下结合附图对本发明的实施例作进一步详细描述。 [0044] The following embodiments in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail.

[0045] 图1至图6所示为本发明的结构示意图。 [0045] The schematic configuration shown in Figures 1 to 6 of the present invention.

[0046] 其中的附图标记为:复位针发射装置1、发射管11、复位针2、绑线孔21、弹射部3、蓄力弹簧31、打击头32、卡位肩32a、连接块33、缓冲弹簧34、砧块35、限位机关36、扳机4、手柄5、缝合线锁位器6、锁位块61。 [0046] wherein reference numerals as: reset pin emitting device 1, the launch tube 11, the reset pin 2, tie wire holes 21, the ejection unit 3, power storage spring 31 against head 32, latching shoulders 32a, connected to block 33 , a buffer spring 34, the anvil 35, the stopper bodies 36, the trigger 4, a handle 5, 6 suture capture, capture block 61.

[0047] 实施例1: [0047] Example 1:

[0048] 如图1至图6所示,本发明的能设置复位针射程的牛真胃左方变位手术复位装置,其中,包括复位针发射装置I和具有绑线孔21的复位针2,复位针发射装置I外缘圆滑,复位针发射装置I包括有发射管11、位于发射管11后方并与发射管11连通的弹射部3以及能控制弹射部3弹射的扳机4,复位针2为直针,且复位针2后端置于弹射部3中,其余部分位于发射管11中,且绑线孔21位于处于发射管11中的针身上;弹射部3包括蓄力弹簧 [0048] As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 6, the present invention can be provided in a reset needle range bovine abomasal displacement leftward surgical reduction apparatus, wherein the transmitting means includes a reset pin and I 2 having the reset pin 21 of the tie wire holes , the outer edge of the reset needle I smoothly transmitting means, transmitting means resetting the needle I comprises a launch tube 11, positioned behind the emission tube 11 and the ejection portion 11 communicates launch tube 3 and the ejection control section 3 can trigger the ejection 4, the reset pin 2 It is a straight pin, the reset pin 2 and rear section 3 disposed ejection, the rest is emitting tube 11, and the wire binding hole in the needle body 21 is located in the launch tube 11; ejection portion 3 comprises a storage spring

31、与蓄力弹簧31连接的打击头32、与打击头32配合的连接块33以及置于连接块33前方的缓冲弹簧34,复位针2后端插入连接块33并与之摩擦配合,复位针发射装置I还设有缝合线锁位器6,缝合线锁位器6通过锁定缝合线长度控制复位针2的射程;缝合线锁位器6包括有具有压紧和放松两种状态的锁位块61,锁位块61在压紧状态时能固定通过缝合线锁位器6的缝合线,锁位块61在放松状态时缝合线自由通过。 31, the spring 31 is connected with the accumulator blow head 32, the head 32 against the connecting block 33 is fitted and the damper spring 33 disposed in front of the connecting block 34, the reset pin 2 inserted into the connecting block 33 and a rear end with a friction fit, a reset I further transmitting means is provided with a needle suture capture device 6, the suture capture range of 6 to reset the locking pin 2 is controlled by the length of the suture; suture capture device 6 comprises a pressing and releasing a lock having two states bit block 61, block 61 when the capture state can be fixed by pressing the suture capture device of the suture thread 6, capture block 61 when in a relaxed state free passage of the suture. 发射复位针2时,将发射管11按在牛右腹内侧,扣动扳机4,压缩的蓄力弹簧31放松推动打击头32,打击头32撞击连接块33将复位针2击飞。 When the reset pin 2 emission, the emission tube 11 inside the cattle right web press, pull the trigger 4, the compression spring 31 to relax the accumulator push against head 32, head 32 strikes against the connector block 33 resets the knock pin 2.

[0049] 复位针发射装置I后端向下延伸出手柄5。 [0049] I-emitting device reset pin rear handle 5 extending downwardly.

[0050] 连接块33内固定有砧块35,砧块35 —端与打击头32相配合,另一端与复位针2后端顶接。 [0050] The connector block 33 is fixed inside the anvil 35, the anvil 35 - end of the blow head 32 cooperates with the reset and the other end abuts the rear end of the needle 2.

[0051] 打击头32设有卡位肩32a,弹射部3设有限位机关36,限位机关36在蓄力弹簧31被压缩时挡在卡位肩32a前部防止蓄力弹簧31恢复放松状态;限位机关36与扳机4连接,扳机4扳下时限位机关36离开卡位肩32a的行程路线。 [0051] The blow head 32 has a latching shoulder 32a, the ejection portion 3 has a limit organ 36, the limit stop bodies 36 in the front portion of the latching shoulder 32a to prevent the accumulator spring 31 to restore the state of relaxation when the accumulator spring 31 is compressed ; authority limit 364 is connected to the trigger, the trigger 4-bit time Banxia bodies 36 away from the latching shoulder 32a of the route of travel.

[0052] 发射管11的管腔半径为复位针2针身半径和18号缝合线直径之和的1.2倍。 [0052] The radius of the launch tube lumen 11 is 1.2 times the reset pin 2 and the radius of the needle body 18 and the diameter of the suture.

[0053] 绑线孔21置于复位针2针身中部。 [0053] The binding wire 21 in a reset needle central bore needle body 2.

[0054] 缝合线锁位器6位于发射管11下部。 [0054] The suture capture device 6 transmitting positioned lower tube 11.

[0055] 手柄5长度为12厘米。 [0055] 12 cm length of the handle 5.

[0056] 如图2和图6所示,本发明的弹射部3从右往左依次是蓄力弹簧31、打击头32、连接块33以及缓冲弹簧34,其中连接块33是一个组合体,内部是刚性的砧块35,砧块35右侧伸出到连接块33外,当打击头32击打连接块33时,正是打击在砧块35右侧。 [0056] As shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 6, the ejection portion 3 of the present invention is from right to left successively accumulating power spring 31 against head 32, the connecting block 33 and a buffer spring 34, which is a connector block assembly 33, internal rigid anvil 35, the anvil 35 extends to the right outside the connecting block 33, when the striking head 32 against the connecting block 33, 35 is in the right side against the anvil. 连接块33包裹砧块35的部分是橡胶,连接块33左侧开了一个孔,刚好够复位针2的尾端插入,并使复位针2能与橡胶产生一定的摩擦力,这种摩擦力将复位针2固定。 Wrapping the anvil portion 33 connected to the rubber block 35, block 33 connected to the left opening a hole, just enough to reset the needle 2 is inserted into the trailing end, and a reset pin 2 can produce some friction with the rubber, the frictional force the reset pin 2 is fixed. 当复位针2完全插入时,针尾正好顶在砧块35左侧。 When the reset pin 2 is fully inserted, the needle on the left end of the anvil just the top 35.

[0057] 本发明的能设置复位针射程的牛真胃左方变位手术复位装置具体用法如下: [0057] The present invention can be provided to reset the needle range bovine abomasal displacement leftward surgical resetting means used as follows:

[0058] 在术者将真胃旁的网膜上已经固定好缝合线后,将缝合线需要穿插到牛右腹的一端通过绑线孔21固定在复位针2上,将复位针2从发射管11的管口插入弹射部3,完全插入后,使用专门的按压条继续按压,迫使打击头32向后压迫蓄力弹簧31,直至听到“嗒”的一声响,说明打击头32已经移动到位并且限位机关36卡住了卡位肩32a,目测牛的体型,估算牛腹厚度后定下复位针的射程,然后将连接复位针2的缝合线从缝合线锁位器6经过,用缝合线锁位器6固定住缝合线,固定点到复位针2之间的缝合线长度和复位针的射程相等。 [0058] After the surgeon on the retina next to the true stomach sutures have been fixed, is inserted into the end of the suture need bovine right web 21 through the tie wire holes 2 is fixed to the reset pin, a reset pin 2 from the transmitter tube nozzle 11 is inserted into the ejection part 3, after completely inserted, using special pressing bar continues to press, forcing the head 32 rearwardly against the spring compression accumulator 31, until it "despair" sound, indicating that head 32 has been moved against 36 in place and limit organs stuck latching shoulders 32a, cattle visually body, after estimating bovine belly thickness range set reset the needle, and then connected to the reset pin 2 through the suture from the suture capture device 6, with the suture capture device 6 hold the suture, the suture needle is fixed to the reset point and a reset pin length range between 2 are equal. 这时就可以进行缝合线的传递了。 In this case it can be passed to the suture. 助手在牛右腹部复位针2应当穿出的位置上进行剃毛清洗消毒,术者将复位针发射装置I伸入牛腹内从牛瘤胃下方经过,将发射管11抵在牛右腹内,向外按压,助手进行位置确认并引导术者将发射管11抵到正确位置。 Bovine Helper shaved right flank reset piercing needle location 2 should be cleaned and disinfected, the surgeon will reset the needle extends into the I-emitting device passes from the lower abdominal bovine rumen, the launch tube 11 abuts against the right abdominal cattle, pressing outward position confirmation assistants and guide the surgeon to the launch tube 11 abuts the correct position. 位置正确后,术者按动扳机4,限位机关36离开卡位肩32a的行程路线,打击头32自由后在蓄力弹簧31弹力下冲向连接块33,打击在砧块35上,砧块35将复位针击飞,缓冲弹簧34能防止连接块33冲的太靠前。 After the correct position, the surgeon presses the trigger 4, the stopper bodies 36 away from the latching shoulder 32a of the route of travel, toward the connector block 33 against the head 32 at the free elastic force accumulator spring 31, on the anvil 35 against the anvil block 35 resets the knock pin, the spring 34 can be prevented from the buffer block 33 connected to the punch too far forward. 复位针2带着缝合线一起刺穿牛腹。 2 with the suture needle reset pierced with bovine belly. 当复位针2到达预定射程后,缝合线锁位器6拉住了缝合线,使复位针2被迫停止前进。 When the reset pin 2 reaches a predetermined range, the suture capture device 6 suture pull the needle 2 is forced to halt reset. 一般来说,缝合线应当有三股,固定真胃时比较可靠。 Generally, the suture should have three strands, more reliable fixed true stomach. 因此,术者需再操作两次传递。 Thus, patients are required to re-transfer operation twice. 这三股线都到达牛腹右侧后,助手拉线,术者也一起将真胃带向右侧,并防止牵拉过程中真胃扭转。 After these three strands have reached the right side of the cow belly, pull assistant, the surgeon also true with the gastric band to the right, and to prevent the process of pulling the true stomach twist. 直至助手完全拉不动线为止。 Assistant until completely it pulls them line up. 将缝合线固定在牛身上,并做好保护工作。 Securing the suture in cattle, and make protection work.

[0059] 实施例2: [0059] Example 2:

[0060] 发射管11的管腔半径为复位针2针身半径和18号缝合线直径之和的2倍。 [0060] radius of the launch tube lumen needle 11 is reset twice the radius of the body 2 and the needle 18 and the suture diameter.

[0061] 手柄5长度为16厘米。 [0061] 5 Handle length of 16 cm.

[0062] 未述部分同实施例1。 [0062] No part of the same described in Example 1.

[0063] 本发明可以将标准的左肷部切口的大网膜固定法两侧切口简化为一侧开口手术的同时,帮助术者轻松地将固定线送至右侧腹壁理想的目标位置,有效提高重病牛的生存几率,即使体格很大的牛,也能将复位针送至目标位置,同时本发明还能有效保护复位针,减少复位针刺伤内脏的偶然事故,大大提高了手术的效率和安全系数。 [0063] The present invention can be simplified cutout portion Xu left sides of the standard cut method omentum fixed side simultaneously open surgery to help the surgeon to easily fixed to the wire over a target position on the right side of the abdominal wall, effective improve the survival chances of serious illness cattle, cattle even great physique, but also be able to reset needle to the target position, while the present invention can effectively protect the reset pin, reduce needle stick injuries reset the internal organs of contingencies, greatly improving the efficiency of surgery and the safety factor. 本发明还具有控制复位针的发射距离的功能,防止复位针射穿牛腹后因速度过快威胁牛右腹侧的人员,降低误伤。 The present invention also has a control function of transmitting a reset needle distance to prevent the threat of bovine persons too rapidly to the right ventral abdomen reset needle pierced cattle, reduced fire.

Claims (7)

  1. 1.能设置复位针射程的牛真胃左方变位手术复位装置,其特征是:包括复位针发射装置(I)和具有绑线孔(21)的复位针(2),所述的复位针发射装置(I)外缘圆滑,所述的复位针发射装置(I)包括有发射管(11)、位于发射管(11)后方并与发射管(11)连通的弹射部(3)以及能控制弹射部(3)弹射的扳机(4),所述的复位针(2)为直针,且复位针(2)后端置于弹射部(3)中,其余部分位于发射管(11)中,且所述的绑线孔(21)位于处于发射管(11)中的针身上;所述的弹射部(3)包括蓄力弹簧(31)、与蓄力弹簧(31)连接的打击头(32)、与打击头(32)配合的连接块(33)以及置于连接块(33)前方的缓冲弹簧(34),所述的复位针(2)后端插入连接块(33)并与之摩擦配合,所述的复位针发射装置(I)还设有缝合线锁位器¢),所述的缝合线锁位器(6)通过锁定缝合线长度控制复位针(2)的射程;所述的缝合线锁位器(6)包括有 1. A reset pin can range bovine abomasal displacement leftward surgical resetting means, characterized in that: transmitting means including a reset pin (I) and having a wire binding hole (21) in a reset needle (2), said reset transmitting means needle (I) rounded outer edge, the needle reset transmitting means (I) comprises a launch tube (11), located in the launch tube (11) and the rear launch tube (11) communicating with the ejection portion (3) and can control the ejection section (3) ejection trigger (4), said reset pin (2) is a straight pin, and the reset pin (2) placed in the rear end portion ejection (3), the rest is in the launch tube (11 ), the tie lines and said holes (21) located in the needle body of the launch tube (11); ejection section (3) of said accumulator comprises a spring (31), the spring accumulator (31) connected driving head (32), against the head (32) with the connecting piece (33) and placed at the connection block (33) in front of the buffer spring (34), said reset pin (2) is inserted into a rear end connection block (33 ) and with a friction fit, said needle reset transmitting means (I) is also provided with a suture capture device ¢), said suture capture device (6) by locking the length of the suture needle reset control (2) range; said suture capture device (6) comprises 有压紧和放松两种状态的锁位块(61),所述的锁位块¢1)在压紧状态时能固定通过缝合线锁位器(6)的缝合线,所述的锁位块(61)在放松状态时缝合线自由通过;所述的打击头(32)设有卡位肩(32a),所述的弹射部(3)设有限位机关(36),所述的限位机关(36)在蓄力弹簧(31)被压缩时挡在卡位肩(32a)前部防止蓄力弹簧(31)恢复放松状态;所述的限位机关(36)与扳机(4)连接,所述的扳机(4)扳下时限位机关(36)离开卡位肩(32a)的行程路线。 There are two states of pressing and releasing the lock bit block (61), said lock bit blocks ¢. 1) at a compressed state can be secured by the suture capture device (6) of the suture, said lock bit block (61) during a relaxed state consisting of a suture through; the blow head (32) is provided with latching shoulder (32a), said ejection portion (3) is provided with stop bodies (36), said limit bit bodies (36) when the accumulator spring (31) is blocked in the compressed latching shoulder (32a) to prevent the front portion of the spring accumulator (31) to restore a relaxed state; said stop bodies (36) and the trigger (4) connecting said trigger (4) pulling down action of the limit bodies (36) away from the latching shoulder (32a) of the route of travel.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的能设置复位针射程的牛真胃左方变位手术复位装置,其特征是:所述的复位针发射装置(I)后端向下延伸出手柄(5)。 According to claim 1 can be provided according to the reset pin leftward range bovine abomasal displacement surgical resetting means, characterized in that: said reset means emitting needle (I) extending downwardly from the rear end of the handle (5) .
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的能设置复位针射程的牛真胃左方变位手术复位装置,其特征是:所述的连接块(33)内固定有砧块(35),所述的砧块(35) —端与打击头(32)相配合,另一端与复位针(2)后端顶接。 The resetting of the needle 1 can be provided range bovine abomasal displacement leftward surgical reduction apparatus as claimed in claim wherein: said connecting block is fixed to the anvil (35) (33), said anvils (35) - end of the driving head (32) cooperating with the reset pin and the other end (2) abuts the rear end.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的能设置复位针射程的牛真胃左方变位手术复位装置,其特征是:所述的发射管(11)的管腔半径为复位针(2)针身半径和18号缝合线直径之和的1.2倍至2倍。 The needle can be provided to reset the range bovine abomasum of claim 1 is displaced leftward surgical resetting means, characterized in that: the radius of the lumen of the launch tube (11) according to a reset pin (2) needle body 1.2 to 2 times the radius 18 and the diameter of the suture.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的能设置复位针射程的牛真胃左方变位手术复位装置,其特征是:所述的绑线孔(21)置于复位针(2)针身中部。 The resetting of the needle 1 can be provided range bovine abomasal displacement leftward surgical reduction apparatus as claimed in claim wherein: said wire binding hole (21) in a reset needle middle (2) needle body.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的能设置复位针射程的牛真胃左方变位手术复位装置,其特征是:所述的缝合线锁位器(6)位于发射管(11)下部。 The resetting of the needle 1 can be provided range bovine abomasal displacement leftward surgical reduction apparatus as claimed in claim wherein: said suture capture device (6) located in the launch tube (11) lower portion.
  7. 7.根据权利要求2所述的能设置复位针射程的牛真胃左方变位手术复位装置,其特征是:所述的手柄(5)长度为12厘米至16厘米。 According to claim 2, the needle can be provided to reset the range bovine abomasal displacement leftward surgical resetting means, characterized in that: the handle (5) a length of 12-16 cm.
CN 201410000901 2013-12-30 2014-01-02 Bovine left abomasal displacement operative reduction apparatus with reduction needle transmitting range setting function CN103690269B (en)

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CN2579344Y (en) * 2002-11-29 2003-10-15 施国平 Improved schbil disposable adjustable safety autoamtic blood taking needle

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US8163022B2 (en) * 2008-10-14 2012-04-24 Anulex Technologies, Inc. Method and apparatus for the treatment of the intervertebral disc annulus
US7001341B2 (en) * 2003-08-13 2006-02-21 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Marking biopsy sites
JP2012506756A (en) * 2008-10-28 2012-03-22 シー・アール・バード・インコーポレーテッドC R Bard Incorporated Endoscopic suturing apparatus capable suture management

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CN2579344Y (en) * 2002-11-29 2003-10-15 施国平 Improved schbil disposable adjustable safety autoamtic blood taking needle

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