CN103681056B - Flexible actuator body and which comprises a dome sheet, and a keyboard keys - Google Patents

Flexible actuator body and which comprises a dome sheet, and a keyboard keys Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103681056B
CN103681056B CN201310563200.3A CN201310563200A CN103681056B CN 103681056 B CN103681056 B CN 103681056B CN 201310563200 A CN201310563200 A CN 201310563200A CN 103681056 B CN103681056 B CN 103681056B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
actuator
elastic
top
keycap
platform
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310563200.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103681056A (en
Inventor
简志鸿
Original Assignee
苏州达方电子有限公司
达方电子股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 苏州达方电子有限公司, 达方电子股份有限公司 filed Critical 苏州达方电子有限公司
Priority to CN201310563200.3A priority Critical patent/CN103681056B/en
Publication of CN103681056A publication Critical patent/CN103681056A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103681056B publication Critical patent/CN103681056B/en

Links

Abstract

本发明关于一种弹性致动器及包含其的圆顶体薄片、按键以及键盘。 The present invention relates to an elastic actuator and which comprises a dome body sheet, and a keyboard key. 本发明的一较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器包含弹性体、平台、突柱以及作动柱。 The elastic actuator of a preferred embodiment of the present invention comprises an elastomeric, internet, and the actuation stud column. 平台形成于弹性体的顶部上,并且具有第一顶端。 It is formed on the top platform of the elastomer, and has a first tip. 突柱形成于弹性体的顶部的中心位置处,且具有第二顶端。 Studs formed at the top center position of the elastic body, and having a second top end. 第二顶端高于第一顶端。 A second top higher than the first top. 作动柱形成于弹性体内。 As a movable column formed in the elastic body. 本发明的弹性致动器以及包含该弹性致动器的圆顶体薄片、按键以及键盘,通过于弹性致动器上设置突柱、突出体或环状体,且其顶端高于平台顶端,使得本发明的弹性致动器具有增加峰值行程的结构,相较先前技术,外力-行程特性和峰值行程均有提高,继而提升了安装有本发明的弹性致动器的按键的按压手感。 Flexible actuator according to the invention and comprising the resilient actuator dome body sheet, and a keyboard key, is provided by studs, protrusions or annular member on the elastic actuator, and which is higher than the top of the top platform, so that the elastic actuator of the present invention has an increased peak travel configuration, compared to the prior art, an external force - the peak stroke and stroke characteristic were improved, which in turn is mounted to enhance the elastic actuator of the present invention, pressing the keys feel.

Description

弹性致动器及包含其的圆顶体薄片、按键以及键盘 Flexible actuator body and which comprises a dome sheet, and a keyboard keys

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明关于一种弹性致动器(resilient actuator)及包含该弹性致动器的圆顶体薄片(dome sheet)、按键(keyswitch)以及键盘(keyboard),并且特别是关于具有让峰值行程(peak travel)增加的弹性致动器,以提升安装有该弹性致动器的按键的按压手感。 [0001] The present invention relates to a resilient actuator (resilient actuator) and a sheet member comprising the elastic dome (dome sheet) of the actuator, the key (Keyswitch) and a keyboard (Keyboard), and in particular on having the peak having stroke (peak travel) increased elasticity actuator button is mounted to enhance the resilient pressing of the actuator handle.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 请参阅图1A及图1B。 [0002] Please refer to FIGS. 1A and 1B. 图1A为先前技术的键盘1的剖面视图。 FIG 1A is a cross-sectional view of a prior art keyboard 1. 图1B为图1A中按键10的局部剖面视图。 FIG 1B is a partial cross-sectional view of the key 10 in FIG. 1A.

[0003] 如图1A所示,键盘1包含座体13以及多个按键10。 [0003] FIG. 1A, the keyboard comprising a base body 13 and a plurality of keys 10. 多个按键10大致上安置于座体13内,并让其本身的键帽14外露于座体13,以供使用者按压。 A plurality of keys 10 is disposed substantially within the housing 13, and allowed itself keycap 14 on the base 13 is exposed for the user to press.

[0004] 如图1B所示,按键10包含基板11、薄膜开关12、键帽14、剪刀式支撑装置16以及弹性致动器18。 [0004] As shown, the key 1B 10 includes a substrate 11, membrane switch 12, keycap 14, a scissors-type support means 16 and the elastic actuator 18. 剪刀式支撑装置16装设在基板11上,基板11上形成协助剪刀式支撑装置16固定的结构。 Scissor support means 16 mounted on the substrate 11, is formed to assist scissor support means fixed structure 16 on the substrate 11. 键帽14装设在剪刀式支撑装置16上。 Keycap 14 mounted on the scissors-type support means 16. 剪刀式支撑装置16限制键帽14作相对于薄膜开关12的垂直移动,即键帽14于未按压位置与按压位置之间的移动。 Scissor support means 16 limiting movement of the key cap 14 vertically with respect to the membrane switch 12, i.e. to the keycap 14 is not moved between the position of pressing the pressing position.

[0005] 弹性致动器18设置于薄膜开关12上,并且抵接至键帽14。 [0005] Flexible actuator 18 disposed on the membrane switch 12, and abuts to the keycap 14. 弹性致动器18包含弹性体(resilient dome) 182以及作动柱184。 Flexible actuator 18 comprises an elastomeric (resilient dome) 182 and the actuating post 184. 弹性体182具有开口186,且具有相当高度。 Elastomer 182 having an opening 186, and has a considerable height. 作动柱184形成在弹性体182内,且朝向开口186突出。 Actuating post 184 is formed in the elastic body 182, and protrudes toward the opening 186.

[0006] 弹性致动器18还包含平台188。 [0006] Flexible actuator 18 further comprises a platform 188. 平台188形成于弹性体182的顶部183。 Platform 188 is formed on top of the elastic member 182 183. 平台188抵接至键帽14的下表面140。 Internet 188 to the lower abutment surface 140 of the keycap 14. 一般,平台188具有凹陷189。 Generally, the platform 188 has a recess 189.

[0007] 外力施加在键帽14上使得键帽14朝向薄膜开关12移动。 [0007] external force is applied on the keycap such that the keycap 14 14 12 move toward the membrane switch. 弹性致动器18的机械性质影响按键10的按压手感。 Mechanical properties of the elastic impact actuator 18 presses the touch key 10. 施加在键帽14上的外力随着行程(主要为平台188、弹性体182的变形量)增加而增加,当外力达到峰值控力(peak force)时,行程会快速增加,致使作动柱184致动薄膜开关12触发。 An external force exerted on the keycap 14 with stroke (mainly 188, elastic deformation of the platform 182) increases, reaches a peak when the external force control force (peak force), the stroke increases rapidly, causing the actuating post 184 actuating the membrane switch 12 is triggered. 对应峰值控力的行程定义为峰值行程。 Corresponding to the peak force control stroke defined as the peak stroke. 峰值行程即提供操作者按压手感。 Peak stroke providing the operator pushes handle.

[0008] 图1B所示的弹性致动器18与典型的弹性致动器一样,其峰值行程很小,导致操作者按压按键10的手感不佳。 Flexible actuator shown in [0008] FIG. 1B 18 typical elastic actuator as a peak stroke is small, resulting in the operator presses the button 10 feel poor. 整体减薄的低行程按键若安装图1B所示的弹性致动器18或典型的弹性致动器,其按压手感不佳的问题会更佳严重。 Low overall stroke keys if thinned resilient mounting shown in FIG. 1B or actuator 18 typically resilient actuator, which presses the feel would be more serious problem of poor.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0009] 因此,本发明所欲解决的技术问题在于提供一种弹性致动器及包含该弹性致动器的圆顶体薄片、按键以及键盘,并且本发明的弹性致动器具有增加峰值行程的结构。 [0009] Accordingly, the present invention is desired to solve the technical problem is to provide a resilient actuator and the resilient dome comprises a body sheet, and a keyboard key actuator, and the elastic actuator of the present invention have increased peak travel Structure.

[0010] 为了达到上述目的,本发明提出一种弹性致动器,设置于键帽与底板之间,该弹性致动器包含弹性体、平台、突柱以及作动柱。 [0010] To achieve the above object, the present invention provides an elastic actuator disposed between the keycap and the base plate, the resilient actuator comprises an elastomer, internet, and the actuation stud column. 弹性体具有开口以及顶部;平台形成于该顶部上,且该平台具有第一顶端;突柱形成于该平台上且对应该顶部的中心位置处,且该突柱具有第二顶端,并且该第二顶端高于该第一顶端;作动柱形成在该弹性体内且朝向该开口延伸;其中当置于该弹性致动器的上方的该键帽向该底板运动时,该键帽先行接触该第二顶端,使该突柱先变形后,该键帽再行接触到该第一顶端,使该平台开始变形。 Elastomers having an opening and a top; the second studs are formed on the platform, and to be at the center position of the top, and the stud has a second top, and; formed on the top of the platform, and the platform having a first top two top higher than the first tip; actuator column formed in the resilient body and extending toward the opening; wherein when the key top above the resilient actuator is placed to the bottom plate of the movement, the first contacting the keycap a second top, so that the studs after the first modification, the keycap again reaches the first tip, so that the platform begins to deform.

[0011 ] 作为可选的技术方案,该弹性体还具有缺口,该缺口形成于该开口的外围上。 [0011] As an alternative aspect, the elastic body further has a notch which is formed on the periphery of the opening.

[0012] 作为可选的技术方案,该平台还具有凹陷,并且该突柱形成于该凹陷内。 [0012] As an alternative aspect, the platform also has a recess, and the stud is formed within the recess.

[0013] 本发明的弹性致动器,通过于弹性致动器上设置突柱,且突柱的顶端高于平台的顶端,使得本发明的弹性致动器具有增加峰值行程的结构,相较先前技术,外力-行程特性和峰值行程均有提高,继而提升了安装有本发明的弹性致动器的按键的按压手感。 [0013] Flexible actuator according to the present invention, by providing the resilient studs on the actuator, and the tip of the stud above the top of the platform, so that the elastic actuator of the present invention has an increased peak travel configuration, compared prior art, the force - travel stroke characteristic peaks were improved and, in turn, enhance the elasticity of the actuator is mounted of the present invention, pressing the keys feel.

[0014] 本发明还提出另一种弹性致动器,设置于键帽与底板之间,该弹性致动器包含弹性体、平台、复数个突出体以及作动柱。 [0014] The present invention further provides another elastic actuator disposed between the keycap and the base plate, the resilient actuator comprises an elastomer, the platform, and a plurality of protruding bodies for movable column. 弹性体具有开口以及顶部;平台形成于该顶部上,且该平台具有第一顶端;复数个突出体形成于该第一顶端上,且对称地围绕该弹性体的中心,两相邻的突出体间皆具有预设间距,每一个突出体分别具有第二顶端,并且该复数个第二顶端高于该第一顶端;作动柱形成在该弹性体内且朝向该开口延伸;其中当置于该弹性致动器的上方的该键帽向该底板运动时,该键帽先行接触该复数个第二顶端,使该复数个突出体先变形后,变形的该复数个突出体施力于该平台,使该平台开始变形。 Elastomers having an opening and a top; formed on the top of the platform, and the platform having a first tip; a plurality of protrusions formed on the first tip, and symmetrically about the center of the elastomer, two adjacent projections both have a predetermined spacing between each protrusion having a second tip, respectively, and the plurality of second top higher than the first tip; actuator column formed in the resilient body and extending toward the opening; wherein, when placed in the the keycap resilient actuator to the upper bottom plate motion, in contact with the first keycap top of the plurality of second, so that the plurality of projection after the first deformation, deformation of the plurality of protrusions that apply force to the platform so that the platform starts to deform.

[0015] 作为可选的技术方案,一突出体与该弹性体的该中心之间具有一距离,该弹性体的该顶部具有一外径,该距离小于该外径的一半。 [0015] As an alternative aspect, a protrusion between the center of the elastic body and having a distance from the top portion of the elastic body having an outer diameter which is less than half the diameter.

[0016] 作为可选的技术方案,该弹性体还具有缺口,该缺口形成于该开口的外围上。 [0016] As an alternative aspect, the elastic body further has a notch which is formed on the periphery of the opening.

[0017] 作为可选的技术方案,该平台还具有凹陷。 [0017] As an alternative aspect, the platform also has a recess.

[0018] 本发明的弹性致动器,通过于弹性致动器上设置复数个突出体,且复数个突出体的顶端高于平台的顶端,使得本发明的弹性致动器具有增加峰值行程的结构,相较先前技术,外力-行程特性和峰值行程均有提高,继而提升了安装有本发明的弹性致动器的按键的按压手感。 [0018] Flexible actuator according to the present invention, by providing a plurality of projections on the elastic actuators, a plurality of protrusions and the tip is higher than the top of the platform, so that the elastic actuator of the present invention have increased peak travel structure, compared with the prior art, an external force - the peak stroke and stroke characteristic were improved, which in turn is mounted to enhance the elastic actuator of the present invention, pressing the keys feel.

[0019] 此外,本发明还提出又一种弹性致动器,设置于键帽与底板之间,该弹性致动器包含弹性体、平台、环状体以及作动柱。 [0019] Further, the present invention also provides a further resilient actuator disposed between the keycap and the base plate, the resilient actuator comprises an elastomer, internet, and the annular actuation body column. 弹性体具有开口以及顶部;平台形成于该顶部上,且该平台具有第一顶端;环状体形成于该平台上,且该环状体的圆心与该顶部的中心位置相同,该环状体具有第二顶端,且该第二顶端高于该第一顶端;作动柱形成在该弹性体内且朝向该开口延伸;其中当置于该弹性致动器的上方的该键帽向该底板运动时,该键帽先行接触该第二顶端,使该环状体先变形后,该变形的环状体施力于该平台,使该平台开始变形。 Elastomers having an opening and a top; formed on the top of the platform, and the platform having a first tip; annular body formed on the platform, and the annular body and the center position of the center of the top of the same, which annular body having a second top end, the top and the second top higher than the first; actuator column formed in the resilient body and extending toward the opening; wherein when the elastic actuator disposed above the bottom plate to the motion of the keycap when the keycap first contacts the second tip so that the annular body after the first deformation, the deformation force to the annular body of the platform so that the platform begins to deform.

[0020] 作为可选的技术方案,该弹性体的该顶部具有第一外径,该环状体具有第二外径,该第二外径小于该第一外径。 [0020] As an alternative aspect, the top portion of the elastic body having a first outer diameter, the annular member having a second outer diameter, the second outer diameter smaller than the first outer diameter.

[0021] 作为可选的技术方案,该弹性体还具有缺口,该缺口形成于该开口的外围上。 [0021] As an alternative aspect, the elastic body further has a notch which is formed on the periphery of the opening.

[0022] 本发明的弹性致动器,通过于弹性致动器上设置环状体,且环状体的顶端高于平台的顶端,使得本发明的弹性致动器具有增加峰值行程的结构,相较先前技术,外力-行程特性和峰值行程均有提高,继而提升了安装有本发明的弹性致动器的按键的按压手感。 [0022] Flexible actuator according to the present invention, by providing an elastic annular member on the actuator, and the tip of the annular body above the top of the platform, so that the elastic actuator structure of the present invention have increased peak travel, compared with the prior art, an external force - the peak stroke and stroke characteristic were improved, which in turn improves the actuator button of the present invention is attached to the elastic pressing feeling.

[0023] 此外,本发明还提出一种按键,该按键包含上述的弹性致动器、基板、薄膜开关、键帽以及支撑装置。 [0023] Further, the present invention also provides a key, the key including the resilient actuator, a substrate, membrane switch, the key top and the support means. 薄膜开关设置在该基板上;支撑装置设置于该基板与该键帽之间,该支撑装置限制该键帽于未按压位置与按压位置之间移动;其中该弹性致动器设置在该薄膜开关之上,用以于该键帽位于该按压位置时触发该薄膜开关,且该弹性致动器抵接至该键帽。 Membrane switch disposed on the substrate; means disposed between the supporting substrate and the keycap, the supporting means limiting movement of the key top between a non-pressing position and the pressing position; wherein the resilient actuator is arranged in the membrane switch above, trigger the membrane switch when the key top is used in the pressing position is located, and the resilient actuator abuts to the keycap.

[0024] 本发明的按键,通过于弹性致动器上设置突柱、突出体或环状体,且其顶端高于平台顶端,使得本发明的弹性致动器具有增加峰值行程的结构,相较先前技术,外力-行程特性和峰值行程均有提高,继而提升了本发明的按键的按压手感。 [0024] The key of the present invention, by setting the studs, protrusions or annular member on the elastic actuator, and a top end higher than the top of the platform, so that the elastic actuator of the present invention has an increased peak travel structure, phase than the prior art, an external force - the peak stroke and stroke characteristic were improved, then the present invention to enhance the button pressing feeling.

[0025] 此外,本发明还提出一种圆顶体薄片,适用于键盘,该圆顶体薄片包含基材、第一弹性致动器、以及第二弹性致动器。 [0025] Further, the present invention also provides a dome body sheet for keypad, the dome sheet comprising a base member, a first resilient actuator, and a second elastic actuator. 第一弹性致动器形成于该基材上;第二弹性致动器形成于该基材上;其中该第一弹性致动器以及该第二弹性致动器皆为上述的弹性致动器,并且外型尺寸均相同,致使该第一弹性致动器与该第二弹性致动器具有相同的机械性质。 First resilient actuator is formed on the substrate; a second elastic actuator is formed on the substrate; wherein the first resilient actuator and the second actuator are all above-described resilient elastic actuator , and the dimensions are the same, so that the first elastic actuator and the second actuator has the same elastic mechanical properties.

[0026] 本发明的圆顶体薄片,通过于弹性致动器上设置突柱、突出体或环状体,且其顶端高于平台顶端,使得本发明的弹性致动器具有增加峰值行程的结构,相较先前技术,夕卜力-行程特性和峰值行程均有提高,继而提升了安装有本发明的圆顶体薄片的按键的按压手感。 [0026] dome body sheet of the invention, by providing the studs, protrusions or annular member on the elastic actuator, and a top end higher than the top of the platform, so that the elastic actuator of the present invention has an increased peak travel structure, compared with the prior art, Blake Xi - travel stroke characteristic peaks were improved and, in turn, enhance the dome of the present invention is attached to a sheet of pressed keys feel.

[0027] 此外,本发明还提出一种键盘,该键盘包含基板、第一按键以及第二按键。 [0027] Further, the present invention also provides a keyboard that includes a substrate, a first key and the second key. 该第一按键包含第一薄膜开关、第一键帽、第一支撑装置以及第一弹性致动器。 The first key switch comprises a first film, a first keycap, a first resilient support means and the first actuator. 第一薄膜开关设置于该基板上;第一支撑装置设置于该基板与该第一键帽之间,该第一支撑装置限制该第一键帽于第一未按压位置与第一按压位置之间移动;第一弹性致动器设置于该第一薄膜开关上,且抵接至该第一键帽,该第一弹性致动器用以于该第一键帽位于该第一按压位置时触发该第一薄膜开关;该第二按键包含第二薄膜开关、第二键帽、第二支撑装置以及第二弹性致动器。 A first membrane switch disposed on the substrate; a first supporting means disposed between the first substrate and the key top, the first support means to limit the first key cap to the first non-pressing position and the pressing position of the first between the mobile; first elastic actuator is disposed on the first membrane switch, and a first contact connected to the key cap, the first spring to the actuator for a first key cap located at the first position of the trigger is pressed the first membrane switch; the second film comprises a second button switch, a second keycap, a second support means and a second elastic actuator. 第二薄膜开关设置于该基板上;第二支撑装置设置于该基板与该第二键帽之间,该第二支撑装置限制该第二键帽于第二未按压位置与第二按压位置之间移动;第二弹性致动器设置于该第二薄膜开关上,且抵接至该第二键帽,该第二弹性致动器用以于该第二键帽位于该第二按压位置时触发该第二薄膜开关;其中该第一弹性致动器以及该第二弹性致动器皆为上述的弹性致动器,并且外型尺寸均相同,致使该第一弹性致动器与该第二弹性致动器具有相同的机械性质。 A second switch thin film disposed on the substrate; a second supporting means arranged between the keycap and the second substrate, the second support means to limit the second keycap is not pressed to the second position and the second position of the pressing between the mobile; second elastic actuator is disposed on the second membrane switch, and a second contact connected to the key top, the second elastic actuator is configured in the second keycap located in the second position pressing the trigger the second membrane switch; wherein the first resilient actuator and the second actuator are all above-described resilient elastic actuator, and the dimensions are the same, so that the first spring and the second actuator Flexible actuator has the same mechanical properties.

[0028] 本发明的键盘,通过于弹性致动器上设置突柱、突出体或环状体,且其顶端高于平台顶端,使得本发明的弹性致动器具有增加峰值行程的结构,相较先前技术,外力-行程特性和峰值行程均有提高,继而提升了本发明的键盘的按压手感。 [0028] The keyboard of the present invention, by providing the resilient studs on the actuator, protrusions or annular body and which is higher than the top of the platform top, so that the elastic actuator of the present invention has an increased stroke peak structure, phase than the prior art, an external force - the peak stroke and stroke characteristic were improved, and thus improve the feel of pressing the keyboard of the present invention.

[0029] 以下结合附图和具体实施例对本发明进行详细描述,但不作为对本发明的限定。 [0029] The following embodiments in conjunction with accompanying drawings and specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail, but do not limit the present invention.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0030] 图1A为先前技术的键盘的剖面视图; [0030] FIG 1A is a cross-sectional view of a prior art keyboard;

[0031] 图1B为图1A中键盘的局部剖面视图; [0031] FIG. 1B is a partial cross-sectional view of FIG. 1A keyboard;

[0032]图2为本发明的第一较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器的外观视图; Elastic embodiment appearance view of the actuator of a first specific preferred [0032] embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 2;

[0033] 图3A为图2的处于未受外力按压状态的弹性致动器沿AA剖面线的剖面视图; [0033] Figure 3A a cross-sectional view of the actuator along the section line AA of the actuator to the elastic pressing force in an unstressed condition of Figure 2;

[0034] 图3B为图2的处于受外力按压状态的弹性致动器沿AA剖面线的剖面视图; [0034] FIG. 3B is pressed by an external force in the elastic state 2 AA section view along section line actuation of the actuator;

[0035]图4为本发明的第二较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器的外观视图; Elastic embodiment appearance view of the actuator of a second specific preferred [0035] embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 4;

[0036] 图5为图4的弹性致动器沿BB剖面线的剖面视图; [0036] FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the elastic actuator of FIG. 4 along the section line BB;

[0037]图6为本发明的第三较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器的外观视图; Flexible appearance view of an actuator according to a third specific preferred [0037] embodiment of FIG. 6 of the present invention;

[0038] 图7为图6的弹性致动器沿CC剖面线的剖面视图; [0038] FIG. 7 is an elastic actuator of FIG. 6 taken along section line CC cross-sectional view;

[0039]图8为本发明的第四较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器的外观视图; Flexible appearance view of the actuator of the fourth embodiment particularly preferred [0039] FIG. 8 of the present invention;

[0040] 图9为图8的弹性致动器沿DD剖面线的剖面视图; [0040] FIG 9 is an elastic actuator sectional view along the section line DD;

[0041] 图10为本发明的第一较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器与对照的弹性致动器的外力-行程特性示意图; A first specific preferred embodiment of the elastic [0041] FIG. 10 embodiment of the present invention, the elastic actuator and actuator control actuator force - a schematic stroke characteristic;

[0042] 图11为本发明的第三较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器与对照的弹性致动器的外力-行程特性示意图; DETAILED third preferred embodiment of the elastic [0042] FIG. 11 embodiment of the present invention, the elastic actuator and actuator control actuator force - a schematic stroke characteristic;

[0043]图12为本发明的一较佳具体实施例的按键的局部剖面视图; A partial cross-sectional view of the key according to a preferred [0043] FIG. 12 is a specific embodiment of the invention;

[0044]图13为本发明的一较佳具体实施例的圆顶体薄片的局部外观视图; A partial perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the dome body [0044] FIG. 13 is a specific embodiment of the invention the sheet;

[0045] 图14为本发明的一较佳具体实施例的键盘的局部剖面视图。 A partial cross-sectional view of a keypad according to one preferred [0045] embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 14.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0046] 请参阅图2、图3A及图3B,图2以外观视图示意地绘示本发明的第一较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器2。 [0046] Please refer to FIG. 2, 3A and 3B, the external view of FIG. 2 to the elastic of the first preferred embodiment of the present invention is shown schematically actuator 2. 图3A为图2的弹性致动器2处于未受外力按压状态时,沿AA剖面线的剖面视图。 FIG 3A is an elastic actuator 2 is in a pressed state under no external force, cross-sectional view along section line AA. 图3B为图2的弹性致动器2处于受外力按压状态时,沿AA剖面线的另一剖面视图。 FIG 3B is an elastic actuator 2 is in the state pressed by external force, a further cross-sectional view along section line AA. 本发明的第一较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器2能设置于键帽29与底板之间。 Flexible actuator particularly preferred embodiment of the first embodiment of the present invention can be provided between the key top 2 and the bottom plate 29. 于图3A、图3B中,仅绘示键帽29的局部剖面视图,未绘示底板。 In FIGS. 3A, 3B, only a partial cross-sectional view shown the key top 29, bottom plate not shown.

[0047] 如图2、图3A及图3B所示,本发明的第一较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器2包含弹性体20、平台22、突柱24以及作动柱26。 [0047] As shown in FIG 2, FIG 3A and FIG 3B, a first preferred embodiment of the elastic particular embodiment of the present invention, the actuator 2 comprises an elastic member 20, a platform 22, studs 24 and 26 as a movable column. 实际应用中,弹性体20、平台22、突柱24与作动柱26可以一体成型以制成弹性致动器2。 In practice, the elastic body 20, the platform 22, the stud 24 and the actuating post 26 may be integrally molded to the actuator 2 is made of an elastic. 于图3A、图3B中,弹性致动器2的各构件、结构之间绘示虚线以作区隔。 In FIGS. 3A, 3B, the elastic member of each actuator 2, a dashed line between the structures shown herein by segment.

[0048] 弹性体20具有开口202以及顶部204。 [0048] The elastic body 20 has an opening 202 and a top 204. 平台22形成于弹性体20的顶部204上,并且具有第一顶端226以及凹陷222。 Platform 22 is formed on the top 204 of the elastic body 20, and has a first tip 226 and the recess 222. 突柱24形成于凹陷222内,且对应于弹性体20的顶部204的中心位置处,并且突柱24具有第二顶端242。 Studs 24 formed in the recess 222, and corresponds to the top at the center position 204 of the elastic body 20, and a second stud 24 has a tip 242. 特别地,第二顶端242在空间中的位置高于第一顶端226。 In particular, the second position 242 in the top space 226 above the top of the first. 作动柱26形成在弹性体20内,并且朝向开口202延伸。 Actuating post 26 is formed in the elastic member 20, and extends toward the opening 202. 如图3B所示,当置于本发明的弹性致动器2的上方的键帽29受外力按压向底板运动时,键帽29先行接触第二顶端242,使突柱24先变形后,键帽29再行接触到第一顶端226,使平台22开始变形。 As shown, the key top when the top is placed an elastic actuator of the present invention is 2 to 29 when pressed by an external force moving the bottom plate, the key top 29 first contacts the second top 242 3B, so that the studs 24 first modification, the key cap 29 is again in contact with the first tip 226, causing the platform 22 starts to deform. 藉此,与先前技术的弹性致动器相较,本发明的第一较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器2其峰值行程明显增加。 Accordingly, the prior art compared to the elastic actuator, the elastic actuator of a first preferred embodiment 2 of the present invention is significantly increased peak travel.

[0049] 进一步,本发明的第一较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器2,其弹性体20还具有缺口28。 [0049] Further, the elastic particular preferred embodiment of the first embodiment of the present invention, the actuator 2, which further includes a cutout 20 the elastomer 28. 缺口28形成于开口202的外围206上。 Notch 28 is formed on the periphery 206 of the opening 202. 当本发明的第一较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器2安装在按键时,缺口28作为排气孔。 When the elastic actuator is a first preferred embodiment of the present invention is installed in the key 2, the gap 28 as a vent. 排气孔的功用在于弹性体20变形时,气体可从排气孔排出。 When the function is to vent the deformation of the elastic member 20, the gas may be discharged from the exhaust hole. 变形的弹性体20回复时,气体从排气孔吸入,设计更加合理。 When the elastic body 20 deformed reply, the suction gas from the exhaust hole, a more rational design.

[0050] 请参阅图4及图5。 [0050] Please refer to FIGS. 4 and 5. 图4以外观视图示意地绘示本发明的第二较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器3。 4 is an external view of the elastic schematically illustrates the present invention a second preferred embodiment of the actuator of FIG. 3. 图5为图4的弹性致动器3沿BB剖面线的剖面视图。 FIG 5 is a cross-sectional view taken along section line BB in FIG 3 the elastic actuator. 本发明的弹性致动器3能设置于键帽与底板(未绘示于图4、图5中)之间。 Flexible actuator 3 of the present invention can be provided in between the keycap and the base plate (not shown in FIG. 4, FIG. 5).

[0051 ] 如图4及图5所示,本发明的第二较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器3包含弹性体30、平台32、复数个突出体34以及作动柱36。 [0051] FIGS. 4 and 5, a second preferred embodiment the elastic particular embodiment of the present invention, the actuator 3 comprises an elastic member 30, the platform 32, a plurality of protrusions 34 and the actuating post 36. 实际应用中,弹性体30、平台32、复数个突出体34与作动柱36可以一体成型以制成弹性致动器3。 In practical applications, the elastomer 30, platform 32, a plurality of protrusions 34 and the actuating post 36 may be integrally molded to the actuator 3 is made of an elastic. 于图5中,弹性致动器3的各构件、结构之间绘示虚线以作区隔。 In Figure 5, the elastic member of each actuator 3, shown as a dashed line structure between segments.

[0052] 弹性体30具有第一开口302以及顶部304。 [0052] The elastic body 30 having a first opening 302 and a top 304. 平台32形成于弹性体30的顶部304上,并且具有凹陷322、第二开口324以及第一顶端326。 Platform 32 is formed on the top 304 of the elastic body 30, and has a recess 322, a first and a second opening 324 to the top 326. 复数个突出体34形成于第一顶端326上,并且对称地围绕弹性体30的中心。 A plurality of protrusions 34 formed on the first tip 326, and symmetrically around the center of the elastic body 30. 任两个最接近的突出体34间皆具有相同预设间距。 Between any closest two projections 34 both have the same predetermined pitch. 每一个突出体34分别具有第二顶端342。 Each protrusion 34 has a second tip 342, respectively. 因为,该复数个突出体34形成于第一顶端326上,所以这些第二顶端342在空间中的位置必然高于第一顶端326。 Because the plurality of projections 34 formed on the first tip 326, so that the second space to the top 342 in a position higher than the first tip 326 is bound. 作动柱36形成在弹性体30内,并且朝向第一开口302延伸。 Actuating post 36 is formed in the elastic member 30, and extends toward the first opening 302. 当置于本发明的第二较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器3的上方的键帽向底板运动时,键帽先行接触该等第二顶端342,使该复数个突出体34先变形,当变形的突出体34施加于第一顶端326的力量超过一默认值后,再使平台32开始变形。 When the keycap of the present invention disposed over the elastic second preferred embodiment of the actuator 3 to the movement of the bottom plate, the second keycap such pre-contact tip 342, so that the plurality of first protrusions 34 deform, when the deformation force applied to the protrusion 34 of the first tip 326 exceeds a predetermined value, so that the platform 32 then starts to deform. 藉此,与先前技术的弹性致动器相较,本发明的第二较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器3其峰值行程明显增加。 Accordingly, the prior art compared to the elastic actuator, the elastic actuator of a second embodiment of the present invention, particularly preferred embodiment 3 significantly increased the peak stroke.

[0053] 于一具体实施例中,如图5所示,每一突出体34与弹性体30的中心之间具有距离rl,弹性体30的顶部304具有外径dl,该距离rl小于该外径dl的一半。 [0053] In one particular embodiment, as shown in Figure 5, a distance between the center of each rl protrusion 34 and the elastic body 30, the top 30 of the elastic body 304 has an outer diameter DL, the distance is smaller than the outer rl half the diameter dl.

[0054] 进一步,本发明的第二较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器3,其弹性体30还具有缺口38。 [0054] Further, the elastic second preferred embodiment of the present invention particular embodiment of the actuator 3, the elastic member 30 also has notches 38. 该缺口38的作用同第一较佳具体实施例的缺口28,在此不做赘述。 Effect of the notch 38 of the first preferred embodiment with the specific embodiment of the notch 28, which is not repeated herein.

[0055] 请参阅图6及图7。 [0055] Referring to FIG. 6 and 7. 图6以外观视图示意地绘示本发明的第三较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器4。 Example 6 FIG elastic view of the appearance of the present invention is shown schematically a third specific preferred embodiment of the actuator 4. 图7为图6的弹性致动器4沿CC剖面线的剖面视图。 7 is a cross-sectional view of the elastic actuator 4 of FIG. 6 along the section line CC actuator. 本发明的第三较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器4能设置于键帽与底板(未绘示于图6、图7中)之间。 Particularly preferred embodiment the resilient third embodiment of the present invention the actuator 4 can be provided on the keycap and the base plate (not shown in FIG. 6, FIG. 7) between.

[0056] 如图6及图7所示,本发明的第三较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器4包含弹性体40、平台42、环状体44以及作动柱46。 [0056] As shown in FIG. 6 and FIG. 7, a third preferred embodiment the elastic particular embodiment of the present invention the actuator 4 comprises an elastic member 40, the platform 42, the annular actuation body 44 and the column 46. 实际应用中,弹性体40、平台42、环状体44与作动柱46可以一体成型以制成弹性致动器4。 In practical applications, the elastomer 40, platform 42, the annular actuation body 44 may be integrally molded in a column 46 made of an elastic actuator 4. 于图7中,弹性致动器4的各构件、结构之间绘示虚线以作区隔。 In FIG. 7, each of the elastic actuation member of the actuator 4, a dashed line between the structures shown herein by segment.

[0057] 弹性体40具有开口402以及顶部404。 [0057] The elastic body 40 has an opening 402 and a top 404. 平台42形成于弹性体40的顶部404上,并且具有第一顶端426。 Platform 42 is formed on top of the elastic body 40 404, and has a first tip 426. 环状体44形成于平台42上,并且环状体44的圆心与顶部404的中心位置相同。 Annular body 44 is formed on the platform 42, and the center of the annular body 44 with a top center position 404 of the same. 环状体44具有第二顶端442。 A second annular body 44 having a tip 442. 因为,环状体44形成于平台42的第一顶端426上,所以第二顶端442在空间中位置必然高于第一顶端426。 Because the annular body 44 is formed on the first tip 426 of the platform 42, the second tip 442 in space 426 to the top position higher than the first bound. 作动柱46形成在弹性体40内,并且朝向开口402延伸。 Actuating post 46 is formed in the elastic body 40, and extends toward the opening 402. 当置于本发明的第三较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器4的上方的键帽向底板运动时,该键帽先行接触第二顶端442,使环状体44先变形,当变形的环状体44施加于第一顶端426力量超过一默认值后,再使平台42开始变形。 When the key top disposed above the third preferred embodiment of the present invention, an elastic actuator 4 to the movement of the bottom plate, the top contacts the second preceding keycap 442, the annular member 44 to deform, when deformation 44 is applied to the first annular body 426 forces the tip more than the default value, so that the platform 42 then starts to deform. 藉此,与先前技术的弹性致动器相较,本发明的第三较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器4其峰值行程明显增加。 Accordingly, the prior art compared to the elastic actuator, the resilient third preferred embodiment of the present invention the actuator 4 which is a significant increase in the peak stroke.

[0058] 于一具体实施例中,弹性体40的顶部404具有第一外径d2。 [0058] In one embodiment, the elastomeric top 40 having a first outside diameter 404 of d2. 环状体44具有第二外径d3,该第二外径d3小于该第一外径d2。 A second annular body 44 having an outer diameter d3, the second outer diameter smaller than the first outer diameter d3 d2.

[0059] 进一步,本发明的第三较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器4其弹性体40还具有缺口48。 [0059] Further, the elastic actuator of the third preferred embodiment of the present invention, the elastic member 4 also has a notch 40 48. 该缺口48的作用同第一较佳具体实施例的缺口28,在此不做赘述。 Effect of the notch 48 of the preferred embodiment with a first specific example of the notch 28, which is not repeated herein.

[0060] 请参阅图8及图9。 [0060] Referring to FIG. 8 and 9. 图8为以外观视图示意地绘示本发明的第四较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器5。 8 is an external view of an elastic to a fourth preferred embodiment of the present invention is shown schematically actuator 5. 图9为图8的弹性致动器5沿DD剖面线的剖面视图。 9 is a cross-sectional view of the elastic actuator 5 of FIG. 8 along section line DD actuator. 本发明的第四较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器5能设置于键帽与底板(未绘示于图8、图9中)之间。 A fourth preferred embodiment of the elastic particular embodiment of the present invention, the actuator 5 can be provided on the keycap and the base plate (not shown in FIG. 8, FIG. 9) between.

[0061 ] 如图8及图9所示,本发明的第四较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器5包含弹性体50、平台52、复数个突出体54以及作动柱56。 As shown in [0061] FIGS. 8 and 9, a fourth embodiment of the elastic particular preferred embodiment of the present invention, the actuator 5 comprises an elastic body 50, platform 52, a plurality of protrusions 54 and the actuating post 56. 实际应用中,弹性体50、平台52、复数个突出体54与作动柱56可以一体成型以制成弹性致动器2。 In practice, the elastic body 50, platform 52, a plurality of protrusions 54 and the actuating post 56 may be integrally molded to the actuator 2 is made of an elastic. 于图9中,弹性致动器5的各构件、结构之间绘示虚线以作区隔。 In FIG. 9, the elastic member of each actuator 5, the structure shown as dashed lines between the segments.

[0062] 弹性体50具有开口502以及顶部504。 [0062] The elastic body 50 has an opening 502 and a top 504. 平台52形成于弹性体50的顶部504上,并且具有第一顶端526。 Platform 52 is formed on the top 504 of the elastic body 50, and has a first tip 526. 复数个突出体54形成于平台52上,并且对称地围绕弹性体50的中心。 A plurality of protrusions 54 formed on the platform 52, and symmetrically about the center of the elastic body 50. 任两个最接近的突出体54间皆具有相同预设间距。 Between any closest two protrusions 54 both have the same predetermined pitch. 每一个突出体54分别具有第二顶端542。 Each protrusion 54 has a second tip 542, respectively. 因为,该复数个突出体54形成于平台52的第一顶端526上,所以该复数个第二顶端542在空间中位置必然高于第一顶端526。 Because the plurality of projections 54 formed on the first platform 52 to the top 526, so that the plurality of second top position in space 542 is bound to the top 526 than the first. 作动柱56形成在弹性体50内,并且朝向开口502延伸。 Actuating post 56 is formed in the elastic body 50, and extends toward the opening 502. 当置于本发明的第四较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器5的上方的键帽向底板运动时,键帽先行接触这些第二顶端542,使该复数个突出体54先变形,当变形的突出体54施加于第一顶端526的力量超过一默认值后,再使平台52开始变形。 When placed in a fourth preferred embodiment of the present invention, a specific embodiment of the elastic actuator the actuator key top above the bottom plate 5 when the movement of the key top 542 first contacts the top of the second, so that the plurality of first protrusions 54 deform when deforming protrusions 54 force applied to the first tip 526 after more than one default value, so that the platform 52 then starts to deform. 藉此,与先前技术的弹性致动器相较,本发明的第四较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器5其峰值行程明显增加。 Accordingly, the prior art compared to the elastic actuator, the elastic actuator fourth preferred embodiment 5 of the present invention significantly increased the peak stroke.

[0063] 于一具体实施例中,如图9所示,复数个突出体54与弹性体50的中心之间具有距离r2。 [0063] In one particular embodiment, as shown in Figure 9, having a plurality of distance r2 between the central protrusion 54 and the elastic body 50. 弹性体50的顶部504具有外径d4,该距离r2小于该外径d4的一半。 504 top of the elastic body 50 has an outer diameter d4, which is less than half the distance r2 of the outer diameter d4.

[0064] 进一步,弹性体50还具有缺口58。 [0064] Further, the elastic body 50 also has a notch 58. 缺口58形成于开口502的外围506上。 The notch 58 formed on the periphery 506 of the opening 502. 当本发明的第四较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器5安装在按键时,该缺口58的作用同第一较佳具体实施例的缺口28,在此不做赘述。 When the elastic fourth preferred embodiment of the present invention, an actuator button 5 is mounted, the action of the notch 58 of the first preferred embodiment with the specific embodiment of notch 28, which is not repeated herein.

[0065] 请参阅10,图10为本发明的图2中第一较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器2 (包含突柱24)相较于图1B先前技术弹性致动器10 (不包含突柱24)的外力-行程特性示意图。 [0065] Refer to 10, the resilient first preferred embodiment of FIG. 2 in FIG. 10 of the present invention, the specific embodiments of the actuator 2 (comprising studs 24) as compared to prior art FIG. 1B resilient actuator 10 (not included studs 24) of an external force - stroke characteristic Fig. 由图10可以证实,当键帽被按压位于0〜0.2mm行程中时,只有突柱24变形,而弹性体20尚未开始变形,因此该段行程斜率较小。 It was confirmed from FIG. 10, when the keycap is pressed positioned 0~0.2mm stroke, only the stud 24 is deformed, and the deformation of elastic body 20 has not yet started, so the smaller the slope segment stroke. 当键帽被按压位于0.2mm〜0.7mm行程中时,弹性体20开始变形但尚未到达弹性体20的崩溃点,因此该段行程斜率较大。 When the keycap is depressed located 0.2mm~0.7mm stroke, it starts to deform the elastic body 20 but has not reached the point of collapse of the elastic body 20, so that the larger slope segment stroke. 如此具有突柱24的弹性致动器2其峰值行程PT2明显大于无突柱24的对应弹性致动器的峰值行程PT1。 Thus having an elastic studs 24 of the actuator 2 which is significantly greater than the peak peak travel stroke PT1 PT2 without studs 24 corresponding to the resilient actuator.

[0066] 请参阅11。 [0066] See 11. 图11为本发明的图6中第三较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器4,相较于图1B中先前技术的弹性致动器10 (不包含环状体44)在实际操作下的外力-行程特性示意图。 FIG 11 FIG. 6 of the present invention, a third preferred embodiment of the elastic actuator 4, FIG. 1B compared to the prior art elastic actuator 10 (not including the ring member 44) in the actual operation of the force - stroke characteristic Fig. 由图11可以证实,采用类似概念,在弹性体40上方额外串接较柔软弹性体(环状体44),如此具有环状体44的弹性致动器4其峰值行程PT4明显大于无环状体24的对应弹性致动器的峰值行程PT3。 It was confirmed from FIG. 11, a similar concept, the elastic body 40 over an additional series elastomer softer (annular body 44), thus having an annular elastomeric body 44 in which the peak 4 stroke actuator PT4 was significantly greater than non-cyclic 24 corresponding to the elastomeric actuator stroke peak PT3.

[0067] 请参阅图12。 [0067] See Figure 12. 图12为以局部剖面视图示意地绘示本发明的一较佳具体实施例的按键6。 FIG 12 is a partial cross-sectional view of a particularly preferred according to the present invention is shown schematically an embodiment of a key 6 embodiment. 本发明的按键6适合装设在键盘上。 6 of the present invention suitable key on the keyboard is mounted.

[0068] 如图12所示,本发明的按键6包含本发明的弹性致动器3、基板60、薄膜开关62、键帽64以及支撑装置66。 [0068] 12, the key 6 of the present invention comprises an elastic actuator 3 of the present invention, the substrate 60, membrane switch 62, keycap 64 and the support means 66. 安置于本发明的按键6内的弹性致动器可以是如图2至图9所示的弹性致动器中任一。 A key disposed within the spring 6 of the present invention may be elastic actuator the actuator shown in FIG. 2 to 9 in any one. 为说明方便,绘示于图12中的弹性致动器4以图4、图5所示的弹性致动器3作为代表,但不以此为限。 For convenience of illustration, it is depicted in FIG. 12 elastically resilient actuator 4, FIG. 5 to FIG. 4 of the actuator 3 as a representative, but not limited thereto.

[0069] 薄膜开关62设置在基板60上。 [0069] The membrane switch 62 is provided on the substrate 60. 键帽64具有下表面640。 Cap 64 has a lower surface 640. 支撑装置66设置于基板60与键帽64之间,并且分别可转动地连接至键帽64的下表面640及以基板60。 The supporting means 66 is provided between the substrate 60 and the keycap 64, and are rotatably connected to the lower surface 640 of keycap 64 and 60 to the substrate. 基板60与键帽64的下表面640上形成协助支撑结构66固定的结构。 Fixed structure 66 is formed on the substrate 60 to assist the supporting structure and the lower surface 64064 of the keycap. 支撑装置66限制键帽64作相对于薄膜开关62的垂直移动,即键帽64于未按压位置与按压位置之间移动。 Support means 66 limiting movement of the key cap 64 vertically with respect to the membrane switch 62, i.e., the keycap 64 to move between the pressing position and the pressing position is not. 如图12所示,支撑结构66可以是剪刀式结构,但不以此为限。 12, support structure 66 may be a scissor-type structure, but is not limited thereto.

[0070] 弹性致动器3设置在薄膜开关62之上,并且该复数个突出体34的第二顶端342抵接至键帽64的下表面640。 [0070] Flexible actuator 3 disposed above the membrane switch 62, and the plurality of second protrusions 34 of the top 342 abutting the key top 64 to lower surface 640. 当键帽64未被按压时,弹性致动器3支撑键帽64在未按压位置。 When the keycap 64 is not pressed, the elastic support of the actuator 3 is not pressed the key top 64 position. 当键帽64被外力按压时,键帽64先行接触第二顶端342,使突出体34先变形后,当变形的突出体34施加于第一顶端326的力量超过一默认值后,再使平台32、弹性体30开始变形,让键帽64快速移动至按压位置,致使作动柱36致动薄膜开关62触发。 When the keycap 64 is pressed by an external force, the key top 64 first contacts the second tip 342, so that the protrusions 34 after the first deformation, when deformation of the projection 34 applied to the first force tip 326 after more than one default value, and then causing the platform 32, the elastic member 30 begins to deform, so that the keycap 64 is moved to the pressing position quickly, causing the movable column 36 for actuating the membrane switch 62 is triggered. 藉此,本发明的按键6明显提升其按压手感。 Accordingly, the key 6 of the present invention significantly enhance its pressing feeling. 图12中具有与图4、图5中相同号码标记的组件,有相同或类似的结构以及功能,在此不多做赘述。 FIG 12 is an assembly of FIG. 4, the same numbers in FIG. 5 labeled with the same or similar structures and functions, not much to do repeated here.

[0071] 请参阅图13,图13为以局部外观视图示意地绘示本发明的一较佳具体实施例的圆顶体薄片7。 [0071] Referring to FIG 13, FIG 13 is a partial perspective view to schematically illustrated dome body sheet 7 a preferred embodiment of the present invention in particular. 本发明的圆顶体薄片7适用于键盘。 Dome body sheet 7 of the present invention is applicable to the keyboard.

[0072] 如图13所示,本发明的圆顶体薄片7包含基材70、第一弹性致动器3a以及第二弹性致动器3b。 [0072] 13, dome body 7 of the present invention comprises a sheet substrate 70, the first elastic actuator 3a and a second elastic actuator 3b. 第一弹性致动器3a和第二弹性致动器3b均形成于基材70上。 First resilient actuator 3a and the second elastic actuator 3b are formed on the substrate 70. 特别地,第一弹性致动器3a以及第二弹性致动器3b皆为本发明的各种较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器中之一,即为如图2至图9所示的弹性致动器中任一。 In particular, the elastic actuator various preferred embodiments of the first elastic actuator 3a and a second elastic actuator 3b are both in one of the present invention, i.e. 2 to 9 shown in FIG. Flexible actuator according to any one. 为说明方便,绘示于图13中的第一弹性致动器3a与第二弹性致动器3b与图4、图5所示的弹性致动器3相同,但不以此为限。 The second elastic actuator 3b and 4, the actuator is the same as the first elastic convenience of explanation, depicted in FIG. 3a actuator 13 shown in Fig 3 the elastic, but not limited thereto. 并且,第一弹性致动器3a以及第二弹性致动器3b的外型尺寸均相同,致使第一弹性致动器3a与第二弹性致动器3b具有相同的机械性质,也就是具有相同的外力-行程特性、峰值行程。 Further, the first elastic actuator 3a and a second elastic actuator 3b are the same dimensions, so that the first elastic actuator 3a and the second elastic actuator 3b has the same mechanical properties, i.e. having the same the force - stroke characteristic, the peak stroke. 图13中具有与图4、图5中相同号码标记的组件,有相同或类似的结构以及功能,在此不多做赘述。 FIG 13 has 4, FIG. 5, the same numbers in FIG labeled components, have the same or similar structures and functions, not much to do repeated here.

[0073] 请参阅图14。 [0073] See Figure 14. 图14为以局部剖面视图示意地绘示本发明的一较佳具体实施例的键盘8。 14 is a partial cross-sectional view of a particularly preferred illustrates schematically embodiments of the present invention the keyboard 8 embodiment.

[0074] 如图14所示,本发明的键盘8包含基板60、第一按键6a以及第二按键6b。 [0074] As shown in FIG. 14, the keyboard 8 of the present invention includes a substrate 60, a first key and a second key 6a 6b. 第一按键6a以及第二按键6b的结构与图12所示的按键6的结构相同,但不以此为限。 Button keys 6a shown in a first configuration and a second key 6b and FIG. 12 is the same as the structure 6, but not limited thereto.

[0075] 第一按键6a包含第一薄膜开关62a、第一键帽64a、第一支撑装置66a以及第一弹性致动器2a。 [0075] The first key switch 6a comprises a first thin film 62a, the first key top 64a, 66a of the first supporting means and first resilient actuator 2a. 第一薄膜开关62a设置于基板60上。 A first membrane switch 60 disposed on the substrate 62a. 第一支撑装置66a设置于基板60与第一键帽64a之间。 First supporting means 66a is provided between the substrate 60 and the first keycap 64a. 第一支撑装置66a限制第一键帽64a于第一未按压位置与第一按压位置之间移动。 First supporting means 66a to limit movement of the first keytop 64a is not pressed between the first position and the first press position. 第一弹性致动器2a设置于第一薄膜开关62a上,并且抵接至第一键帽64a。 First resilient actuator 2a disposed on the first membrane switch 62a, and abuts to the first keytop 64a.

[0076] 第二按键6b包含第二薄膜开关62b、第二键帽64b、第二支撑装置66b以及第二弹性致动器2b。 [0076] The second switch button 6b comprises a second thin film 62b, a second Cap 64b, a second resilient support means 66b and a second actuator 2b. 第二薄膜开关62b设置于基板60上。 A second switch thin film 62b disposed on the substrate 60. 第二支撑装置66b设置于基板60与第二键帽64b之间。 Second support means 66b is provided between the substrate 60 and the second keycap 64b. 第二支撑装置66b限制第二键帽64b于第二未按压位置与第二按压位置之间移动。 Second support means 66b to limit movement of the second key top 64b between the second position and the pressing position to the second non-pressing. 第二弹性致动器2b设置于第二薄膜开关62b上,并且抵接至第二键帽64b。 A second elastic actuator 2b is provided on the second switch thin film 62b, and abuts to a second keycap 64b. 特别地,第一弹性致动器3a以及第二弹性致动器3b皆为本发明的各种较佳具体实施例的弹性致动器中之一,即为如图2至图9所示的弹性致动器中任一。 In particular, the elastic actuator various preferred embodiments of the first elastic actuator 3a and a second elastic actuator 3b are both in one of the present invention, i.e. 2 to 9 shown in FIG. Flexible actuator according to any one. 为说明方便,绘示于图14中的第一弹性致动器3a与第二弹性致动器3b与图4、图5所示的弹性致动器3相同,但不以此为限。 The second elastic actuator 3b and 4, the actuator is the same as the first elastic convenience of explanation, depicted in FIG. 3a actuator 14 shown in Fig 3 the elastic, but not limited thereto. 并且,第一弹性致动器3a以及第二弹性致动器3b的外型尺寸均相同,致使第一弹性致动器3a与第二弹性致动器3b具有相同的机械性质,也就是具有相同的外力-行程特性、峰值行程。 Further, the first elastic actuator 3a and a second elastic actuator 3b are the same dimensions, so that the first elastic actuator 3a and the second elastic actuator 3b has the same mechanical properties, i.e. having the same the force - stroke characteristic, the peak stroke. 藉此,按键6a与按键6b具有相同的按压手感,并且皆明显提升其按压手感。 Accordingly, the keys 6a and 6b having the same key presses feel, and which are significantly improved feel pressed. 图14中具有与图4、图5中相同号码标记的组件,有相同或类似的结构以及功能,在此不多做赘述。 FIG 14 has 4, FIG. 5, the same numbers in FIG labeled components, have the same or similar structures and functions, not much to do repeated here.

[0077] 本发明的弹性致动器以及包含该弹性致动器的圆顶体薄片、按键以及键盘,通过于弹性致动器上设置突柱、突出体或环状体,且其顶端高于平台顶端,使得本发明的弹性致动器具有增加峰值行程的结构,相较先前技术,外力-行程特性和峰值行程均有提高,继而提升了安装有本发明的弹性致动器的按键的按压手感。 [0077] The present invention is an elastic actuator, and the actuator including the elastic body sheet of the dome, and a keyboard key, is provided by studs, protrusions or annular member on the elastic actuator, and which is higher than the top top platform, so that the elastic actuator of the present invention have increased peak travel configuration, compared to the prior art, an external force - the peak stroke and stroke characteristic were improved, which in turn is mounted to enhance the elastic pressing the actuator button according to the present invention. feel.

[0078]当然,本发明还可有其它多种实施例,在不背离本发明精神及其实质的情况下,熟悉本领域的技术人员可根据本发明作出各种相应的改变和变形,但这些相应的改变和变形都应属于本发明所附的权利要求的保护范围。 [0078] Of course, the present invention may have a variety of other embodiments, without departing from the spirit and essence of the present invention, those skilled in the art can make various corresponding modifications and variations according to the present invention, but these corresponding modifications and variations shall fall within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (13)

1.一种弹性致动器,设置于键帽与底板之间,其特征在于该弹性致动器包含: 弹性体,具有开口以及顶部; 平台,形成于该顶部上,且该平台具有第一顶端; 突柱,形成于该平台上且对应该顶部的中心位置处,且该突柱具有第二顶端,并且该第二顶端高于该第一顶端;以及作动柱,形成在该弹性体内且朝向该开口延伸; 其中当置于该弹性致动器的上方的该键帽向该底板运动时,该键帽先行接触该第二顶端,使该突柱先变形后,该键帽再行接触到该第一顶端,使该平台开始变形。 An elastic actuator disposed between the keycap and the base plate, wherein the resilient actuator comprising: an elastic body having an opening and a top; platform, is formed on the top of the platform and having a first top; studs formed on the platform, and to be at the center position of the top, and the stud having a second tip, the second tip and the top higher than the first; and actuator column formed in the resilient body and extends toward the opening; wherein when disposed in the rear of the keycap resilient actuator to the upper bottom plate motion, the tip contacts the second keycap preceding the first modification of the studs, which again keycap the first contact tip, so that the platform begins to deform.
2.根据权利要求1所述的弹性致动器,其特征在于:该弹性体还具有缺口,该缺口形成于该开口的外围上。 The elastic actuator according to claim 1, wherein: the resilient member further includes a notch which is formed on the periphery of the opening.
3.根据权利要求1所述的弹性致动器,其特征在于:该平台还具有凹陷,并且该突柱形成于该凹陷内。 According to claim elastic actuator of claim 1, wherein: the platform also has a recess, and the stud is formed within the recess.
4.一种弹性致动器,设置于键帽与底板之间,其特征在于该弹性致动器包含: 弹性体,具有开口以及顶部; 平台,形成于该顶部上,且该平台具有第一顶端; 复数个突出体,形成于该第一顶端上,且对称地围绕该弹性体的中心,两相邻的突出体间皆具有预设间距,每一个突出体分别具有第二顶端,并且该复数个第二顶端高于该第一顶端;以及作动柱,形成在该弹性体内且朝向该开口延伸; 其中当置于该弹性致动器的上方的该键帽向该底板运动时,该键帽先行接触该复数个第二顶端,使该复数个突出体先变形后,变形的该复数个突出体施力于该平台,使该平台开始变形。 An elastic actuator disposed between the keycap and the base plate, wherein the resilient actuator comprising: an elastic body having an opening and a top; platform, is formed on the top of the platform and having a first to the top; a plurality of protrusions formed on the first tip, and symmetrically about a center of the elastic body, between two adjacent protrusions are having a predetermined pitch, each protrusion having a second tip, respectively, and the a plurality of second top higher than the first tip; and actuator column formed in the elastomeric body and extending toward the opening; wherein when the key top above the resilient actuator is placed to the bottom plate of the movement, the contacting the plurality of first keycap second top, so that the plurality of projection after the first deformation, deformation of the plurality of projection urging in the platform so that the platform begins to deform.
5.根据权利要求4所述的弹性致动器,其特征在于:每一突出体与该弹性体的该中心之间具有一距离,该弹性体的该顶部具有一外径,该距离小于该外径的一半。 Flexible actuator according to claim 4, wherein: each protrusion having a distance between the center of the elastic body with the top portion of the elastic body having an outer diameter which is smaller than the distance half of the outer diameter.
6.根据权利要求4所述的弹性致动器,其特征在于:该弹性体还具有缺口,该缺口形成于该开口的外围上。 Flexible actuator according to claim 4, wherein: the resilient member further includes a notch which is formed on the periphery of the opening.
7.根据权利要求4所述的弹性致动器,其特征在于:该平台还具有凹陷。 Flexible actuator according to claim 4, wherein: the platform also has a recess.
8.一种弹性致动器,设置于键帽与底板之间,其特征在于该弹性致动器包含: 弹性体,具有开口以及顶部; 平台,形成于该顶部上,且该平台具有第一顶端; 环状体,形成于该平台上,且该环状体的圆心与该顶部的中心位置相同,该环状体具有第二顶端,且该第二顶端高于该第一顶端;以及作动柱,形成在该弹性体内且朝向该开口延伸; 其中当置于该弹性致动器的上方的该键帽向该底板运动时,该键帽先行接触该第二顶端,使该环状体先变形后,该变形的环状体施力于该平台,使该平台开始变形。 A resilient actuator disposed between the keycap and the base plate, wherein the resilient actuator comprising: an elastic body having an opening and a top; platform, is formed on the top of the platform and having a first top; annular body, is formed on the platform, and the annular body and the center position of the center of the top of the same, the annular member having a second top end, the top and the second top higher than the first; and for moving column, formed in the elastomeric body and extending toward the opening; wherein when the key top is placed the resilient actuator to the upper bottom plate motion, which first contacts the second keycap top so that the annular body after the first modification, the deformation of the annular body to force the platform so that the platform begins to deform.
9.根据权利要求8所述的弹性致动器,其特征在于:该弹性体的该顶部具有第一外径,该环状体具有第二外径,该第二外径小于该第一外径。 According to claim elastic actuator of claim 8, wherein: the top portion of the elastic body having a first outer diameter, the annular member having a second outer diameter, the second outer diameter smaller than the first outer path.
10.根据权利要求8所述的弹性致动器,其特征在于:该弹性体还具有缺口,该缺口形成于该开口的外围上。 10. The actuator as claimed in claim elastic claim 8, wherein: the resilient member further includes a notch which is formed on the periphery of the opening.
11.一种按键,其特征在于该按键包含: 如权利要求1至10中任一项所述的弹性致动器; 基板; 薄膜开关,设置在该基板上; 键帽;以及支撑装置,设置于该基板与该键帽之间,该支撑装置限制该键帽于未按压位置与按压位置之间移动; 其中该弹性致动器设置在该薄膜开关之上,用以于该键帽位于该按压位置时触发该薄膜开关,且该弹性致动器抵接至该键帽。 A key, wherein the key comprises: an elastic according to any one of claims 1 to claim 10 actuator; a substrate; a thin film switch, disposed on the substrate; keycap; and a support means provided between the substrate and the keycap, the supporting means limiting movement of the key top between a non-pressing position and the pressing position; wherein the resilient actuator is disposed above the membrane switch for the keycap is located at the the membrane switch is triggered when the pressing position, the resilient actuator and the abutment to the keycap.
12.—种圆顶体薄片,适用于键盘,其特征在于该圆顶体薄片包含: 基材; 第一弹性致动器,形成于该基材上;以及第二弹性致动器,形成于该基材上; 其中该第一弹性致动器以及该第二弹性致动器皆为如权利要求1至10中任一项所述的弹性致动器,并且外型尺寸均相同,致使该第一弹性致动器与该第二弹性致动器具有相同的机械性质。 12.- species dome body sheet for keypad, a dome characterized in that the body sheet comprising: a substrate; a first resilient actuator are formed on the substrate; and a second elastic actuator is formed in the on the substrate; wherein the first resilient actuator and the second actuator are both elastically resilient to any one of claims 1 to 10 actuator, and the dimensions are the same, so that the the first elastic actuator and the second actuator has the same elastic mechanical properties.
13.一种键盘,其特征在于该键盘包含: 基板; 第一按键,该第一按键包含: 第一薄膜开关,设置于该基板上; 第一键帽; 第一支撑装置,设置于该基板与该第一键帽之间,该第一支撑装置限制该第一键帽于第一未按压位置与第一按压位置之间移动;以及第一弹性致动器,设置于该第一薄膜开关上,且抵接至该第一键帽,该第一弹性致动器用以于该第一键帽位于该第一按压位置时触发该第一薄膜开关;以及第二按键,该第二按键包含: 第二薄膜开关,设置于该基板上; 第二键帽; 第二支撑装置,设置于该基板与该第二键帽之间,该第二支撑装置限制该第二键帽于第二未按压位置与第二按压位置之间移动;以及第二弹性致动器,设置于该第二薄膜开关上,且抵接至该第二键帽,该第二弹性致动器用以于该第二键帽位于该第二按压位置时触发该第二薄 A keyboard, wherein the keyboard comprising: a substrate; a first key, the first key comprises: a first membrane switch, disposed on the substrate; a first keycap; a first supporting means disposed on the substrate the first supporting means limiting movement of the key top between the first and the keycaps first pressing between a first position and a first non-pressing position; and a first resilient actuator disposed on the first membrane switch on and connected to the first contact key cap, the first spring to the actuator for a first key cap located at the first position when the pressing of the trigger switch is a first film; and a second key, the second key comprises : a second membrane switch, disposed on the substrate; a second keycap; a second supporting means arranged between the keycap and the second substrate, the second support means to a second limit of the second non-keycap a second movable between the pressing position and the pressing position; and a second elastic actuator is provided on the second membrane switch, and a second contact connected to the key top, the second elastic actuator is configured in the second when triggered the second thin keytop pressing at the second position 开关; 其中该第一弹性致动器以及该第二弹性致动器皆为如权利要求1至10中任一项所述的弹性致动器,并且外型尺寸均相同,致使该第一弹性致动器与该第二弹性致动器具有相同的机械性质。 Switch; wherein the first resilient actuator and the second actuator are both elastically resilient to any one of claims 1 to 10 actuator, and the dimensions are the same, so that the first elastic the actuator and the second actuator has the same elastic mechanical properties.
CN201310563200.3A 2013-11-14 2013-11-14 Flexible actuator body and which comprises a dome sheet, and a keyboard keys CN103681056B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310563200.3A CN103681056B (en) 2013-11-14 2013-11-14 Flexible actuator body and which comprises a dome sheet, and a keyboard keys

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310563200.3A CN103681056B (en) 2013-11-14 2013-11-14 Flexible actuator body and which comprises a dome sheet, and a keyboard keys

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103681056A CN103681056A (en) 2014-03-26
CN103681056B true CN103681056B (en) 2016-01-27

Family

ID=50318307

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310563200.3A CN103681056B (en) 2013-11-14 2013-11-14 Flexible actuator body and which comprises a dome sheet, and a keyboard keys

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103681056B (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10353485B1 (en) 2016-07-27 2019-07-16 Apple Inc. Multifunction input device with an embedded capacitive sensing layer

Families Citing this family (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9449772B2 (en) 2012-10-30 2016-09-20 Apple Inc. Low-travel key mechanisms using butterfly hinges
US9710069B2 (en) 2012-10-30 2017-07-18 Apple Inc. Flexible printed circuit having flex tails upon which keyboard keycaps are coupled
US9502193B2 (en) 2012-10-30 2016-11-22 Apple Inc. Low-travel key mechanisms using butterfly hinges
WO2014124165A2 (en) 2013-02-06 2014-08-14 Hemmonst Holding Llc Input/output device with a dynamically adjustable appearance and function
JP6103543B2 (en) 2013-05-27 2017-03-29 アップル インコーポレイテッド Short-stroke switch assembly
US9908310B2 (en) 2013-07-10 2018-03-06 Apple Inc. Electronic device with a reduced friction surface
EP3014396A1 (en) 2013-09-30 2016-05-04 Apple Inc. Keycaps with reduced thickness
WO2015047606A1 (en) 2013-09-30 2015-04-02 Apple Inc. Keycaps having reduced thickness
US9793066B1 (en) 2014-01-31 2017-10-17 Apple Inc. Keyboard hinge mechanism
US9779889B2 (en) 2014-03-24 2017-10-03 Apple Inc. Scissor mechanism features for a keyboard
US9704665B2 (en) 2014-05-19 2017-07-11 Apple Inc. Backlit keyboard including reflective component
US9715978B2 (en) 2014-05-27 2017-07-25 Apple Inc. Low travel switch assembly
US10139922B2 (en) * 2014-06-16 2018-11-27 Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc Spring configuration for touch-sensitive input device
US10082880B1 (en) 2014-08-28 2018-09-25 Apple Inc. System level features of a keyboard
CN104409916B (en) * 2014-09-26 2017-12-29 深圳市中科电工科技有限公司 Waterproof construction of a secure socket
US9870880B2 (en) 2014-09-30 2018-01-16 Apple Inc. Dome switch and switch housing for keyboard assembly
CN205609396U (en) 2015-05-13 2016-09-28 苹果公司 Key and input structure who is used for electron device
CN207367843U (en) 2015-05-13 2018-05-15 苹果公司 A keyboard assembly
US10083805B2 (en) 2015-05-13 2018-09-25 Apple Inc. Keyboard for electronic device
WO2016183498A1 (en) 2015-05-13 2016-11-17 Apple Inc. Low-travel key mechanism for an input device
US9934915B2 (en) 2015-06-10 2018-04-03 Apple Inc. Reduced layer keyboard stack-up
JP2017045525A (en) * 2015-08-24 2017-03-02 ヤマハ株式会社 Reaction force generator and keyboard device of electronic music instrument
US9971084B2 (en) 2015-09-28 2018-05-15 Apple Inc. Illumination structure for uniform illumination of keys
US10115544B2 (en) 2016-08-08 2018-10-30 Apple Inc. Singulated keyboard assemblies and methods for assembling a keyboard
TWI634576B (en) * 2016-12-27 2018-09-01 華碩電腦股份有限公司 The key structure
CN108666163A (en) * 2017-03-28 2018-10-16 致伸科技股份有限公司 Key structure
CN107507722A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-12-22 苏州达方电子有限公司 Key structure and elastic dome

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101847535A (en) * 2009-03-25 2010-09-29 愿景科技股份有限公司 Keyboard structure
CN201622961U (en) * 2009-12-31 2010-11-03 新巨企业股份有限公司 Pressing structure of thinned keyboard
CN202167383U (en) * 2011-08-12 2012-03-14 苏州达方电子有限公司 Key and keyboard

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2007049527A1 (en) * 2005-10-25 2007-05-03 Polymatech Co., Ltd. Elastic member for pushbutton switch

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101847535A (en) * 2009-03-25 2010-09-29 愿景科技股份有限公司 Keyboard structure
CN201622961U (en) * 2009-12-31 2010-11-03 新巨企业股份有限公司 Pressing structure of thinned keyboard
CN202167383U (en) * 2011-08-12 2012-03-14 苏州达方电子有限公司 Key and keyboard

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10353485B1 (en) 2016-07-27 2019-07-16 Apple Inc. Multifunction input device with an embedded capacitive sensing layer

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103681056A (en) 2014-03-26

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4362911A (en) Membrane keyboard switch assembly having selectable tactile properties
US5280147A (en) Keyswitch assembly with a key support limiting transverse, longitudinal and rotational movement of the key
JP3540377B2 (en) Push-button switch
US4390765A (en) Rubber-made covering member for push button switches
KR100922340B1 (en) Rocker switch with snap dome contacts
US4467160A (en) Low profile switch
US3773997A (en) Key assembly diaphragm switch actuator with overtravel and feel mechanisms
US4677268A (en) Elastomeric switch control device
CN201149829Y (en) Elastic component and key-press using the same
JP6103543B2 (en) Short-stroke switch assembly
JP4466314B2 (en) Push-on switch
US20070007112A1 (en) Multidirectional input device
US5203448A (en) Push button key switch
EP0224006B1 (en) Pushbutton switches using dome springs
JP2005005139A (en) Switch
US5626223A (en) Cam-assisted switch
JP2005302018A (en) Keyboard with elevated key
US9715978B2 (en) Low travel switch assembly
JP3752240B2 (en) Key switch
US3603756A (en) Snap action switch
US4529848A (en) Switch with conical spring actuator
CN102959664A (en) Switch system having a button travel limit feature
JP3201175B2 (en) Key switch
US7230197B2 (en) Movable contact, moveable contact unit including the same, and switch including the same movable contact
US5669488A (en) Push button switch with star wheel arrangement

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C10 Entry into substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model