CN103669733B - A kind of foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy face brick construction method - Google Patents

A kind of foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy face brick construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103669733B
CN103669733B CN201310732737.8A CN201310732737A CN103669733B CN 103669733 B CN103669733 B CN 103669733B CN 201310732737 A CN201310732737 A CN 201310732737A CN 103669733 B CN103669733 B CN 103669733B
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China
Prior art keywords
brick
canopy
word
template
cast
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CN201310732737.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103669733A (en
Inventor
唐兵
王爱军
张奇峰
吴碧桥
施高成
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江苏省华建建设股份有限公司
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Publication of CN103669733A publication Critical patent/CN103669733A/en
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of construction method of foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy face brick, belong to building decoration technology field.Steps of the method are: between two columns and outside build framed bent respectively; V word beam cast template is fixed at column and interval, framed bent upper end, and fixing level and smooth cast template; After integrated poured template periphery fixing cast rib, according to the order of sequence face brick is laid in the upper surface of level and smooth cast template; Colligation foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy steel mesh reinforcement above monobloc cast template; Concreting; Curing concrete also removes all templates after its solidification, cleans the external surface of face brick.Method of the present invention has broken the traditional mode first building rear subsides, not only can by greatly reducing the sticking Quality that difficulty of construction effectively ensures face brick, and together with face brick is once attached to the building body of foliaceous hyperboloid roof system in mixed earth casting process, can forever not come off.

Description

A kind of foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy face brick construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of face brick construction method, especially a kind of construction method of foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy face brick, belongs to building decoration technology field.
Background technology
Supported by two Y shape metal upright posts, that bottom has the cut section bar foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy of (be called for short V word beam) of one group of V-shaped is simple, handsome in appearance due to structure, be more and morely applied to various building place.Along with European classical architecture decorations flow into domestic gradually, foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy face brick is widely used in finial as ornament materials.But in recent years, cause the event of casualties to happen occasionally because building inner-outer wall face brick high-altitude comes off.Relative to inlaying the face brick be attached on wall face, if the face brick of indoor foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy comes off owing to being pasted not strongly, danger is larger.
For a long time, the edge of face brick pastes and all carries out after building main body construction completes, and is typically employed in building body surfaces and smears the mode craft that screed pastes and complete.For foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy face brick, because when pasting, constructor need face upward operation, more greatly, more easily there are the quality problems be pasted not strongly in difficulty of construction.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to, for above-mentioned prior art Problems existing, break traditions construction method, proposes a kind of foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy face brick construction method that significantly can reduce difficulty of construction, effectively ensure construction quality, thus avoid the problem that occurs that face brick comes off.
In order to achieve the above object, foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy face brick construction method of the present invention, described foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy is made up of the steel concrete foliaceous hyperboloid roof system of at least two Y shape upright supports, the bottom surface of described roof system has one group of V word beam spaced apart, be the smooth transition surface of attachment face brick between described adjacent V word beam, construction basic step comprises:
The first step, setting after fixing Y shape column, between column and outside build framed bent spaced apart respectively, the height of each framed bent and the height of correspondence position foliaceous hyperboloid roof system match;
Second step, fix V word beam cast template at column and interval, framed bent upper end, and fix smooth transition surface cast template between adjacent V word beam cast template, form integrated poured template;
3rd step, after integrated poured template periphery fixing cast rib, according to the order of sequence face brick is laid in the upper surface of smooth transition surface cast template;
4th step, above monobloc cast template colligation foliaceous hyperboloid roof system steel mesh reinforcement;
5th step, concreting at the good face brick of lay and within the scope of the cast rib of the foliaceous hyperboloid house cap integral formwork for placing of assembling reinforcement net;
6th step, curing concrete and until its solidification after remove all templates, clean the external surface of face brick.
Method of the present invention has broken the traditional mode first building rear subsides, thoroughly avoid the hard work of bonding applique surface brick of lying on one's back, not only can by greatly reducing the sticking Quality that difficulty of construction effectively ensures face brick, and together with face brick is once attached to the building body of foliaceous hyperboloid roof system in mixed earth casting process, both the trouble of first building rear subsides had been eliminated, be conducive to again ensureing sticking strength, especially, after concreting, face brick is in first build the pressurized fit-state that rear subsides cannot realize, therefore the rear concrete curing bond strength with solidification can greatly be strengthened, therefore after adopting the present invention, in theory, face brick can forever not come off.
It is that the 3rd step is also coated with the stickup putty of one deck as bonding agent at the face brick upper surface that lay is good, and face brick is bondd mutually that the present invention further improves.Like this, because face brick is together inter-adhesive by pasting putty before concreting, there is after cast better globality, therefore stopped monolithic obscission further.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further illustrated.
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is framed bent construction sequence schematic perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is V word beam construction sequence schematic perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is cast template construction sequence perspective cross-sectional schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is cast template plan structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is V word beam construction sequence schematic cross-section of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is V word beam construction sequence floor map of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is smooth template face brick lay construction sequence cross-sectional schematic of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the cross section structure schematic diagram after smooth template face brick lay of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the V word beam section structural representation after the present invention pours into a mould.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment
The foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy of the present embodiment as shown in Figure 1, by two Y shape steel post 1 bearing bar concrete foliaceous hyperboloid roof systems 2, the bottom surface of roof system 2 has one group of V word beam 2-1 spaced apart, be smooth transition surface 2-2 between adjacent V word beam 2-1, the face brick of the soffit attachment parquets pattern of smooth transition surface 2-2, the L shape face brick of the two sides attachment going up or down stairway shape discharge of V word beam 2-1, Specific construction step is as follows:
The first step, setting after fixing two Y shape steel posts 1, between two columns 1 and outside build framed bent 3 spaced apart respectively, each framed bent is formed by mutually intersecting vertical rod, horizon bar and the bridging (not shown) be connected respectively, similar with conventional framed bent, the height of each framed bent 3 matches (see Fig. 2) with the height of correspondence position foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy respectively;
Second step, to move towards interval in steel post 1 and framed bent 3 upper end by vein and be fixedly supported on V word beam cast template 4(on stupefied bar see Fig. 3, Figure 10), and smooth transition surface cast template 5 is fixed between adjacent V word beam cast template 4, form integrated poured template; The cross section of V word beam cast template 4 is formed by base 4-1, the hypotenuse 4-2 extended upward from two ends, base and by the abduction edge 4-3 of hypotenuse 4-2 upper lateral extension, is in the shape of the letter V, and two hypotenuse 4-2 are supported on the triangle wood extended along its length and support; The two ends of smooth transition surface cast template 5 are fixedly connected with (see Fig. 4) with the abduction edge 4-3 of adjacent V word beam cast template 4 respectively;
3rd step, the integrated poured template periphery formed at V word beam cast template 4 and smooth transition surface cast template 5 is fixing pours into a mould rib 6 afterwards (see Fig. 5), first from the base 4-1 of V word beam cast template 4, according to the order of sequence right-angled apices beyond L shape face brick 7 is leaned against the mode ladder discharge step by step from the bottom to top of V word beam cast template 4 hypotenuse 4-2, grip with through the stud 8 of V word beam cast template 4 and pad 9 with between the adjacent L shape face brick 7 in row left and right, the extruded sheet 10 that gap between adjacent L shape face brick 7 and between L shape face brick 7 and V word beam cast template 4 inner surface is used as packing material is filled (see Fig. 6, Fig. 7), according to the order of sequence parquets face brick 11 is laid in the upper surface (see Fig. 8) of smooth transition surface cast template 5 afterwards, and be coated with the about 1cm stickup putty 12 of one deck as bonding agent at parquets face brick 11 upper surface that lay is good, make face brick mutually bond (see Fig. 9),
4th step, above monobloc cast template colligation foliaceous hyperboloid roof system steel mesh reinforcement 13(see Fig. 9), colligation operation is identical with conventional rebar colligation; Reinforcing bar bearing of trend should be parallel or vertical with face brick laying order direction, is more conducive to structure stress like this;
5th step, concreting (see Figure 10) the good L shape of lay and parquets face brick and within the scope of the cast rib of the foliaceous hyperboloid house cap integral formwork for placing of assembling reinforcement net;
6th step, curing concrete remove all templates and framed bent after its solidification, take out packing material jointing, cut away Screw arbor with nut at both-ends, clean the external surface of L shape face brick and face brick.
As less in parquets face brick area, can first it be pieced together on rigid plastics film with adhesive, then by the upper surface of rigid plastics film nail at smooth transition surface cast template, to realize according to the order of sequence parquets face brick being laid in smooth transition surface cast template upper surface.
Facts have proved, adopt the present embodiment construction method after, not only simplify, practical, properly settled " first building rear subsides " face brick and held caducous problem, also save simultaneously the later stage take handling frame and expend artificial.

Claims (8)

1. a foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy face brick construction method, described foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy is made up of the steel concrete foliaceous hyperboloid roof system of at least two Y shape upright supports, the bottom surface of described roof system has one group of V word beam spaced apart, be the smooth transition surface of attachment face brick between described adjacent V word beam, it is characterized in that construction sequence comprises:
The first step, setting after fixing Y shape column, between column and outside build framed bent spaced apart respectively, the height of each framed bent and the height of correspondence position foliaceous hyperboloid roof system match;
Second step, fix V word beam cast template at column and interval, framed bent upper end, and fix smooth transition surface cast template between adjacent V word beam cast template, form integrated poured template;
3rd step, after integrated poured template periphery fixing cast rib, according to the order of sequence face brick is laid in the upper surface of smooth transition surface cast template;
4th step, above monobloc cast template colligation foliaceous hyperboloid roof system steel mesh reinforcement;
5th step, concreting at the good face brick of lay and within the scope of the cast rib of the foliaceous hyperboloid house cap integral formwork for placing of assembling reinforcement net;
6th step, curing concrete and until its solidification after remove all templates, clean the external surface of face brick.
2. foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy face brick construction method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described 3rd step is also coated with the stickup putty of one deck as bonding agent at the face brick upper surface that lay is good, and face brick is bondd mutually.
3. foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy face brick construction method according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the cross section of described V word beam cast template is made up of base, the hypotenuse extended upward from two ends, base and the abduction edge that extended by hypotenuse upper lateral, is in the shape of the letter V; The two ends of described smooth transition surface cast template are fixedly connected with the abduction edge of adjacent V word beam cast template respectively.
4. foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy face brick construction method according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: in described 3rd step, after fixing cast rib, first from the base of described V word beam cast template, the mode according to the order of sequence right-angled apices beyond L shape face brick being leaned against V word beam cast template hypotenuse is ladder discharge step by step from the bottom to top, grips with through the stud of V word beam cast template and pad with between the L shape face brick that row left and right is adjacent.
5. foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy face brick construction method according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the reinforcing bar bearing of trend of described steel mesh reinforcement is parallel or vertical with face brick laying order direction.
6. foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy face brick construction method according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described 3rd step or first face brick adhesive is pieced together on rigid plastics film, then by the upper surface of rigid plastics film nail at smooth transition surface cast template.
7. foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy face brick construction method according to claim 6, is characterized in that: the gap packing material between adjacent L shape face brick and between L shape face brick and V word beam cast template inner surface is filled.
8. foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy face brick construction method according to claim 7, is characterized in that: before carrying out described 6th step, first takes out packing material and jointing, then cleans L shape face brick.
CN201310732737.8A 2013-12-26 2013-12-26 A kind of foliaceous hyperboloid roof system canopy face brick construction method CN103669733B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104213686B (en) * 2014-09-04 2016-05-11 江苏沪宁钢机股份有限公司 The laying method of a kind of foliaceous roofing bottom face brick
CN104264784A (en) * 2014-09-04 2015-01-07 江苏沪宁钢机股份有限公司 Leaf type steel formwork structure for building roof

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JP2000080800A (en) * 1998-07-03 2000-03-21 Kazuo Yamada Support body for fall-prevention fence
CN1584265A (en) * 2004-06-16 2005-02-23 徐永生 Keel building and method thereof
CN102864867A (en) * 2011-08-24 2013-01-09 苏州苏明装饰有限公司 Method for ceiling hyperboloidal arch
CN102943565A (en) * 2012-11-30 2013-02-27 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Construction method of large-sized arc-shaped wall
CN103195247A (en) * 2013-04-19 2013-07-10 江苏省华建建设股份有限公司 Saddle-shaped hyperboloidal concrete slab construction method
CN103255918A (en) * 2013-05-29 2013-08-21 江苏省华建建设股份有限公司 Concrete double-curved-surface thin shell cylinder construction method
CN103334554A (en) * 2013-07-22 2013-10-02 南通华新建工集团有限公司 Construction method of laid tiles of sloping roof

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EP1234924A1 (en) * 2001-02-27 2002-08-28 Gambale Srl Double curved tile with anti-sliding fixing

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000080800A (en) * 1998-07-03 2000-03-21 Kazuo Yamada Support body for fall-prevention fence
CN1584265A (en) * 2004-06-16 2005-02-23 徐永生 Keel building and method thereof
CN102864867A (en) * 2011-08-24 2013-01-09 苏州苏明装饰有限公司 Method for ceiling hyperboloidal arch
CN102943565A (en) * 2012-11-30 2013-02-27 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Construction method of large-sized arc-shaped wall
CN103195247A (en) * 2013-04-19 2013-07-10 江苏省华建建设股份有限公司 Saddle-shaped hyperboloidal concrete slab construction method
CN103255918A (en) * 2013-05-29 2013-08-21 江苏省华建建设股份有限公司 Concrete double-curved-surface thin shell cylinder construction method
CN103334554A (en) * 2013-07-22 2013-10-02 南通华新建工集团有限公司 Construction method of laid tiles of sloping roof

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