CN103669133B - Hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine and replacing options thereof - Google Patents

Hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine and replacing options thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103669133B
CN103669133B CN201310676110.5A CN201310676110A CN103669133B CN 103669133 B CN103669133 B CN 103669133B CN 201310676110 A CN201310676110 A CN 201310676110A CN 103669133 B CN103669133 B CN 103669133B
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China
Prior art keywords
sleeper
hydraulic pressure
hydraulic
mainframe
track lifting
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CN201310676110.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103669133A (en
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宋正忠
凌沛洪
高上忠
丁建华
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上海瑞纽机械股份有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine, comprise the parts such as mainframe, track lifting pawl, track lifting oil cylinder, unpowered pulley bracket, hydraulic crane, dynamic pulley bracket, hydraulic power unit.The invention also discloses a kind of hydraulic pressure sleeper replacement method.Hung by hydraulic control hydraulic pressure and the mode such as wire rope elevator, can conveniently be extracted out by sleeper and change, the sleeper replacement of the railway that be applicable to be cut, can reduce labor intensity, improve operating efficiency.

Description

Hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine and replacing options thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to hydraulic pressure sleeper replacement technology, more particularly, relate to a kind of hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine and replacing options thereof.

Background technology

At present, the Main Patterns of China's major repair of track sleeper replacement and equipment are summarized as follows:

1, belong to mechanical group's work pattern of high-tech aspect, representative equipment such as: the P95China train overhaul of Switzerland Ma Disa (Matisa), Xiangfan Jin Ying company introduce the DXC-500 molded line road train overhaul of HAAS gram railroad.They all adopt advanced computer control system, are applicable to the heavy repair task of quarrel gapless rail rail track.Be characterized in: a large amount of use modernization new technology; Mechanization degree and efficiency more and more higher; Complete machine structure is increasing, more and more heavier; Price is more and more expensive; The management of machinery becomes increasingly complex.

2, belong to the medium-sized mechanical work pattern of secondary technology aspect, representative equipment is as the MRT2 sleeper relaying machine of French GEISMAR.Its operating efficiency: replacing 40 sleepers per hour.Complete machine weight: 5 tons.Preparative work before construction and vehicle scheduling aspect are all had higher requirements.

3, manual work pattern, also occupies sizable ratio at present in sleeper replacement operation, in part circuit or even unique mode.Be characterized in: under complicated line condition, do not need to transfer tons of large and medium-sized equipment, operating type is flexible; By increasing constructor's quantity, sea warfare of hitting the person, can proportional increase workload.But labor strength is large, necessary superpower labour is more and more difficult to be recruited.Be badly in need of the mechanized equipment liberation labour of highly effective.

In sum, existing various sleeper replacement work pattern respectively has its feature, and various pattern is all left to be desired, need to be supplemented, and by future quite over a long time in and deposit.Especially manual work pattern lacks corresponding power choring equipment.Due to the guarantee that mechanized maintenance is work business technological progress, it is the pillar realizing work business great-leap-forward development, do the supporting of large, medium and small type road maintainance machinery well, China railways could be adapted to better to quick, heavy duty development, adapt to the needs of work business system overall development situation.Therefore, accelerate the research and practice paces of small-sized sleeper replacement Work machine and work pattern thereof, be conducive to reducing and design with external product, manufacture and the gap of the aspect such as quality, and find out the work pattern of applicable China's actual conditions, China railways could be adapted to better to quick, heavy duty development, adapt to the needs of work business system overall development situation.

Summary of the invention

For the above-mentioned shortcoming existed in prior art, the object of this invention is to provide a kind of hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine and replacing options thereof, be applicable to the sleeper replacement of quarrel railway, can reduce labor intensity, improve operating efficiency.

For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:

On the one hand, a kind of hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine, comprising:

Mainframe, it is also provided with track lifting pawl and track lifting oil cylinder;

Unpowered pulley bracket, is located at mainframe one end, and its one end is provided with the first pulley;

Hydraulic crane, mainframe upper end is located in activity, comprise arm, be located at second pulley of arm one end, the first hydraulic pressure elevator parts be located on arm, the first hydraulic pressure elevator parts have successively through the second pulley, the first pulley in order to pull sleeper first insulation steel wire rope component;

Dynamic pulley bracket, is located at the mainframe other end, and its one end is provided with the 3rd pulley, it is also provided with the second hydraulic pressure elevator parts, and the second hydraulic pressure elevator parts have through the second insulation steel wire rope component of the 3rd pulley in order to pull sleeper;

Hydraulic power unit, is located at mainframe side, and it has motor, fluid pressure line and pipe-line control valve, and is respectively by fluid pressure line the hydraulic oil that hydraulic crane, track lifting pawl, track lifting oil cylinder and first and second hydraulic pressure elevator parts are provided as power.

Described mainframe is frame construction, and mainframe bottom is provided with the wheel walked on rail, and mainframe is also provided with insulation assembly.

Described mainframe upper end is provided with arc-shaped guide rail, and described arm one end is flexibly connected with mainframe by the rotating shaft of band tapered roller bearing, and arm lower end is also provided with the road wheel walked on arc-shaped guide rail.

Described track lifting pawl comprises hydraulic cylinder and a pair corpus unguis, and hydraulic cylinder one end is connected with two corpus unguis by pair of links, is provided with the dead block be fixed on mainframe below connecting rod.

Described track lifting oil cylinder is also inserted with anti-bull stick.

The first described pulley is connected with unpowered pulley bracket by height regulating frame, and the 3rd described pulley is also connected with dynamic pulley bracket by height regulating frame.

Described hydraulic power unit is also provided with pressure meter and the hand-driven oil hydraulic pump for Non-follow control.

On the other hand, a kind of hydraulic pressure sleeper replacement method, comprises the following steps:

A. hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine is installed on rail, and carries out to sleeper replacement operation station;

B. ato unit, controls track lifting pawl by the pipe-line control valve of hydraulic power unit and firmly grasps rail, and controls track lifting oil cylinder lifting mainframe, and then the rail that hoists, in order to abdicate sleeper replacement space;

C. control the first hydraulic pressure elevator parts and release the first insulation steel wire rope component, through the railway spike bolt hooking sleeper to be changed to after unpowered pulley bracket, and make second of the second hydraulic pressure elevator parts the insulation steel wire rope component through the railway spike bolt also hooking this sleeper after dynamic pulley bracket equally;

D. control the first hydraulic pressure elevator parts and tighten up the first insulation steel wire rope component, by sleeper to be changed to pull out, simultaneously by second insulation steel wire rope component be pulled to this position, side, and by hydraulic crane by the sleeper of pull-out arcuately guide rail hang work plane;

E. by hydraulic crane, sleeper to be changed to is sling, and first and second insulation steel wire rope component is hooked the railway spike bolt of this sleeper respectively, and by the second hydraulic pressure elevator parts, this sleeper is drawn in installation site.

F. regain first and second insulation steel wire rope component, retraction track lifting oil cylinder is to fall mainframe and after unclamping track lifting pawl, to carry out hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine to next station.

Described hydraulic crane controls arcuately to carry out moving to correct position by guide rail by pipe-line control valve.

Described hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine also can carry out Non-follow control by hand-driven oil hydraulic pump.

In technique scheme, hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine of the present invention and replacing options thereof have following advantage:

1, as a kind of small-sized sleeper replacement Work machine, be applicable to the sleeper replacement of quarrel railway, can reduce labor intensity, improve operating efficiency;

2, adopt explosive motor and hydraulic pressure as power, ensure mobility and the flexibility of operating type;

3, hydraulic crane can 120 ° rotate freely, roadbed side slope more suddenly, dark again, also easily sleeper can be winched to suitable position, very large to the meaning that reduces labor intensity;

4, hydraulic pressure elevator parts are adopted, wire rope can be ensured no matter when moving into or lay out reel, need not external force assist (as deadweight), also can successfully rope closing or put rope, and can ensure that wire rope neatly, is closely wrapped on reel, even if like this horizontal direction put even upward rope or rope closing also there will not be disorder cable phenomenon;

5, track lifting pawl adopts hydraulic lock and mechanical self-latching Double-insurance structure, ensures for safety in production increases;

6, adopt some row insulation measures, insulaion resistance >=1M Ω when ensure that operation between two strands of rail, stop the generation joining electrification;

7, complete machine adopts splicing structure, maximum single-piece quality (containing hydraulic oil)≤250kg, upper and lower road is convenient, each parts all carry out Fast Installation by hydraulic quick connector, latch, screw thread handwheel etc. with mainframe, without the need to by instrument, under normal circumstances, five people one group can complete the upper track of complete machine and assembled in 15min.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural perspective of hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the structural perspective of the mainframe promoted by track lifting oil cylinder of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the sectional view of the mainframe promoted by track lifting oil cylinder of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the structure sectional view of the promptly rail of track lifting pawl of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the hydraulic principle figure of hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine of the present invention.

Detailed description of the invention

Technical scheme of the present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.

Refer to shown in the figure of Fig. 1 ~ 3, hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine of the present invention mainly comprises the parts such as mainframe 1, track lifting pawl 2, track lifting oil cylinder 3, unpowered pulley bracket 4, hydraulic crane 5, dynamic pulley bracket 6, hydraulic power unit 7, wherein:

Mainframe 1 is frame construction, it is also provided with one or more pairs of track lifting pawl 2 and several (the track lifting pawl 2 shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2 is a pair to track lifting oil cylinder 3, track lifting oil cylinder 3 be two to), be provided with the wheel 9 walked on rail 8 in mainframe 1 bottom, mainframe 1 is also provided with insulation assembly 10.

Unpowered pulley bracket 4 is located at mainframe 1 one end, and in tripod shape, its one end is provided with the first pulley 11.This first pulley 11 is connected with unpowered pulley bracket 4 by rational height adjusting bracket 12, thus can carry out the height of adjustment first pulley 11 according to demand.

Mainframe 1 upper end is located in hydraulic crane 5 activity, it mainly comprises arm 13, be located at second pulley 14 of arm 13 one end, the first hydraulic pressure elevator parts 15, the first hydraulic pressure elevator parts 15 be located on arm 13 have successively through the first insulation steel wire rope component 17 of the second pulley 14, first pulley 11 in order to pull sleeper 16.In order to the demand making hydraulic crane 5 can meet different work position, arc-shaped guide rail 18 is provided with in described mainframe 1 upper end, and the rotating shaft 20 of the other end of arm 13 by band tapered roller bearing 19 is flexibly connected with mainframe 1, arm 13 lower end is also provided with the road wheel 21 walked on arc-shaped guide rail 18, thus can make arm 13 arcuately guide rail 18 carry out the rotation of 120 degree, and can be fixed to correct position by latch.Adopt separately tapered roller bearing 19 then can play the effect of balancing axial thrust and radial load.

Dynamic pulley bracket 6 is located at mainframe 1 other end, it is also in tripod shape, one end is provided with the 3rd pulley, in addition it is also provided with the second hydraulic pressure elevator parts 22, second hydraulic pressure elevator parts 22 and has through the second insulation steel wire rope component 23 of the 3rd pulley in order to pull sleeper 16.Certainly, the 3rd pulley is also connected with dynamic pulley bracket 6 by height regulating frame 12, in order to regulate its height.The hydraulic control valve that in Fig. 5 35 adopts for the second hydraulic pressure elevator parts 22, the Y type Median Function that it adopts, ensures when meta, also can by external force rope stretching.

Hydraulic power unit 7, be located at mainframe 1 side, it has explosive motor, multiple fluid pressure line and the pipe-line control valve 24 in order to control above-mentioned fluid pressure line, and is respectively by each fluid pressure line the hydraulic oil that hydraulic crane 5, track lifting pawl 2, track lifting oil cylinder 3 and first and second hydraulic pressure elevator parts 15,22 etc. are provided as power.Fluid pressure line is also provided with pressure meter 29, for real-time monitored oil pressure.Certainly, hydraulic power unit 7 also can be provided with hand-driven oil hydraulic pump, see 33 in Fig. 5, lose engine power in emergency circumstances, by manually providing power, can run and unclamping track lifting pawl 2, reset track lifting oil cylinder 3 Deng Xia road works.

Shown in Fig. 4, each track lifting pawl 2 comprises hydraulic cylinder 25 and a pair corpus unguis 26, hydraulic cylinder 25 one end is connected with two corpus unguis 26 by pair of links 27, when hydraulic cylinder 25 stretches out downwards, drive corpus unguis 26 to firmly grasp rail 8, and by hydraulic cylinder 25 front end with to be fixed on mainframe and the dead block 32 be positioned at below connecting rod 27 contacts spacing, make the angle a that two connecting rods 27 formation are less than 180 degree, angle a is advisable with 170 ° ~ 180 °, thus plays the effect of machine insurance.Certainly, hydraulic lock measure can also be adopted, see 34 in Fig. 5, thus play dual fail-safe, ensure for safety in production increases.

And each track lifting oil cylinder 3 controls by pipe-line control valve 24, play to promote mainframe 1 and then promote and grabbed rail 8.In addition, the side of each track lifting oil cylinder 3 is all inserted with an anti-bull stick 28 and rotates to preventing the base plate 31 of the lower end of track lifting oil cylinder 3, ensure operation time base plate do not enter because of rotation sleeper into and out of circuit, do not interfere with sleeper.

The complete machine of hydraulic pressure sleeper 16 changing machine of the present invention can adopt splicing structure, maximum single-piece quality (containing hydraulic oil)≤250kg, the parts such as track lifting pawl 2, track lifting oil cylinder 3, unpowered pulley bracket 4, hydraulic crane 5, dynamic pulley bracket 6, hydraulic power unit 7 all can adopt hydraulic quick connector, latch, screw thread handwheel etc. to be connected with mainframe 1, without the need to by instrument, quick despatch can be realized.

Adopt hydraulic pressure sleeper 16 changing machine of the present invention to carry out sleeper 16 replacing options, specifically comprise the following steps:

A. hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine is installed on rail 8, and carries out changing operation station to sleeper 16;

B. ato unit, controls track lifting pawl 2 by the pipe-line control valve 24 of hydraulic power unit 7 and firmly grasps rail 8, and controls track lifting oil cylinder 3 and promote mainframe 1, and then the rail 8 that hoists, and changes space in order to abdicate sleeper 16, simultaneously the show value of observed pressure table 29;

C. control the first hydraulic pressure elevator parts 15 and release the first insulation steel wire rope component 17, through the railway spike bolt 30 hooking sleeper 16 to be changed to after unpowered pulley bracket 4, and make second of the second hydraulic pressure elevator parts 22 the insulation steel wire rope component 23 through the railway spike bolt 30 also hooking this sleeper 16 after dynamic pulley bracket 6 equally;

D. control the first hydraulic pressure elevator parts 15 and tighten up the first insulation steel wire rope component 17, sleeper 16 to be changed to is pulled out, simultaneously by second insulation steel wire rope component 23 be pulled to this position, side, and by hydraulic crane 5 by the sleeper 16 of pull-out arcuately guide rail 18 hang work plane;

E. by hydraulic crane 5, sleeper 16 to be changed to is sling, and first and second insulation steel wire rope component is hooked the railway spike bolt 30 of this sleeper 16 respectively, and by the second hydraulic pressure elevator parts 22, this sleeper 16 is drawn in installation site.

F. regain first and second insulation steel wire rope component, retraction track lifting oil cylinder 3 is to fall mainframe 1 and after unclamping track lifting pawl 2, to carry out hydraulic pressure sleeper 16 changing machine to next station.

In sum, adopt hydraulic pressure sleeper 16 changing machine of the present invention and replacing options thereof, tool has the following advantages:

1, as a kind of small-sized sleeper replacement Work machine, the sleeper 16 being applicable to quarrel railway is changed, and can reduce labor intensity, and improves operating efficiency;

2, adopt explosive motor and hydraulic pressure as power, ensure mobility and the flexibility of operating type;

3, hydraulic crane 5 can 120 ° rotate freely, roadbed side slope more suddenly, dark again, also easily sleeper 16 can be winched to suitable position, very large to the meaning that reduces labor intensity;

4, hydraulic pressure elevator parts are adopted, wire rope can be ensured no matter when moving into or lay out reel, need not external force assist (as deadweight), also can successfully rope closing or put rope, and can ensure that wire rope neatly, is closely wrapped on reel, even if like this horizontal direction put even upward rope or rope closing also there will not be disorder cable phenomenon;

5, track lifting pawl 2 adopts the Double-insurance structure that hydraulic lock and frame for movement are located, and ensures for safety in production increases;

6, adopt some row insulation measures, insulaion resistance >=1M Ω when ensure that operation between two strands of rail 8, stop the generation joining electrification;

7, complete machine adopts splicing structure, maximum single-piece quality (containing hydraulic oil)≤250kg, upper and lower road is convenient, each parts all carry out Fast Installation by hydraulic quick connector, latch, screw thread handwheel etc. with mainframe 1, without the need to by instrument, under normal circumstances, five people one group can complete the upper track of complete machine and assembled in 15min.

Those of ordinary skill in the art will be appreciated that, above embodiment is only used to the present invention is described, and be not used as limitation of the invention, as long as in spirit of the present invention, all will drop in Claims scope of the present invention the change of the above embodiment, modification.

Claims (10)

1. a hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine, is characterized in that, comprising:
Mainframe, it is also provided with track lifting pawl and track lifting oil cylinder;
Unpowered pulley bracket, is located at mainframe one end, and unpowered pulley bracket one end is provided with the first pulley;
Hydraulic crane, mainframe upper end is located in activity, comprise arm, be located at second pulley of arm one end, the first hydraulic pressure elevator parts be located on arm, the first hydraulic pressure elevator parts have successively through the second pulley, the first pulley in order to pull sleeper first insulation steel wire rope component;
Dynamic pulley bracket, be located at the mainframe other end, dynamic pulley bracket one end is provided with the 3rd pulley, dynamic pulley bracket is also provided with the second hydraulic pressure elevator parts, and the second hydraulic pressure elevator parts have through the second insulation steel wire rope component of the 3rd pulley in order to pull sleeper;
Hydraulic power unit, is located at mainframe side, and hydraulic power unit has motor, fluid pressure line and pipe-line control valve, and is respectively by fluid pressure line the hydraulic oil that hydraulic crane, track lifting pawl, track lifting oil cylinder and first and second hydraulic pressure elevator parts are provided as power.
2. hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:
Described mainframe is frame construction, and mainframe bottom is provided with the wheel walked on rail, and mainframe is also provided with insulation assembly.
3. hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:
Described mainframe upper end is provided with arc-shaped guide rail, and described arm one end is flexibly connected with mainframe by the rotating shaft of band tapered roller bearing, and arm lower end is also provided with the road wheel walked on arc-shaped guide rail.
4. hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:
Described track lifting pawl comprises hydraulic cylinder and a pair corpus unguis, and hydraulic cylinder one end is connected with two corpus unguis by pair of links, is provided with the dead block be fixed on mainframe below connecting rod.
5. hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:
Described track lifting oil cylinder is also inserted with anti-bull stick.
6. hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:
The first described pulley is connected with unpowered pulley bracket by height regulating frame, and the 3rd described pulley is also connected with dynamic pulley bracket by height regulating frame.
7. hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:
Described hydraulic power unit is also provided with pressure meter and the hand-driven oil hydraulic pump for Non-follow control.
8. a hydraulic pressure sleeper replacement method, is characterized in that:
Comprise the following steps:
A. hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine is installed on rail, and carries out to sleeper replacement operation station;
B. ato unit, controls track lifting pawl by the pipe-line control valve of hydraulic power unit and firmly grasps rail, and controls track lifting oil cylinder lifting mainframe, and then the rail that hoists, in order to abdicate sleeper replacement space;
C. control the first hydraulic pressure elevator parts and release the first insulation steel wire rope component, through the railway spike bolt hooking sleeper to be changed to after unpowered pulley bracket, and make second of the second hydraulic pressure elevator parts the insulation steel wire rope component through the railway spike bolt also hooking this sleeper after dynamic pulley bracket equally;
D. control the first hydraulic pressure elevator parts and tighten up the first insulation steel wire rope component, by sleeper to be changed to pull out, simultaneously by second insulation steel wire rope component be pulled to this pull-out position, and by hydraulic crane by the sleeper of pull-out arcuately guide rail hang work plane;
E. by hydraulic crane, sleeper to be changed to is sling, and first and second insulation steel wire rope component is hooked the railway spike bolt of this sleeper respectively, and by the second hydraulic pressure elevator parts, this sleeper is drawn in installation site;
F. regain first and second insulation steel wire rope component, retraction track lifting oil cylinder is to fall mainframe and after unclamping track lifting pawl, to carry out hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine to next station.
9. hydraulic pressure sleeper replacement method as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that:
Described hydraulic crane controls arcuately guide rail by pipe-line control valve to carry out moving to correct position.
10. hydraulic pressure sleeper replacement method as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that:
Described hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine also carries out Non-follow control by hand-driven oil hydraulic pump.
CN201310676110.5A 2013-12-11 2013-12-11 Hydraulic pressure sleeper relaying machine and replacing options thereof CN103669133B (en)

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FR2731239B1 (en) * 1995-03-01 1997-05-23 Drouard Centering device, cross adjustment device and railway track layout
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CN203212958U (en) * 2013-04-15 2013-09-25 昆明中铁大型养路机械集团有限公司 Side rollover type single sleeper drawing and replacing device
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4892040A (en) * 1988-03-08 1990-01-09 Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen-Industrie Gmbh Ballast tamping machine
FR2731239B1 (en) * 1995-03-01 1997-05-23 Drouard Centering device, cross adjustment device and railway track layout
CN2583179Y (en) * 2002-11-06 2003-10-29 许庆晖 Cleaning sleeper-renewing machine
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CN203212958U (en) * 2013-04-15 2013-09-25 昆明中铁大型养路机械集团有限公司 Side rollover type single sleeper drawing and replacing device
CN203668775U (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-06-25 上海瑞纽机械装备制造有限公司 Hydraulic sleeper replacing machine

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