CN103668618A - Processing technology for fancy yarns - Google Patents

Processing technology for fancy yarns Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103668618A
CN103668618A CN201210365538.3A CN201210365538A CN103668618A CN 103668618 A CN103668618 A CN 103668618A CN 201210365538 A CN201210365538 A CN 201210365538A CN 103668618 A CN103668618 A CN 103668618A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
yarn
spinning
cotton
bobbin
fancy
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201210365538.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邢欣
钱明春
周玉洁
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TIANJIN TEXTILE ENGINEERING RESEARCH INSTITUTE Co Ltd
Original Assignee
TIANJIN TEXTILE ENGINEERING RESEARCH INSTITUTE Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by TIANJIN TEXTILE ENGINEERING RESEARCH INSTITUTE Co Ltd filed Critical TIANJIN TEXTILE ENGINEERING RESEARCH INSTITUTE Co Ltd
Priority to CN201210365538.3A priority Critical patent/CN103668618A/en
Publication of CN103668618A publication Critical patent/CN103668618A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a processing technology for fancy yarns. Cotton fibers and terylene filaments are adopted for spinning, the specification is 61/39JC/T, the cotton fibers are JC7.3 tex rough yarns, and the terylene filaments are FDY T40D/25F optical fibers. Unique processing procedures are adopted for the processing technology, and an improvement is performed on a spinning machine. The processing technology has the advantages that the technology method for producing the bright fancy yarns on the spinning machine is explored, a series of equipment improving and technology adjustment experience is summarized, and reference is provided for producing like products. The bright fancy yarns are used for spinning changeable and bright fabric, the cloth cover is bright, clean, soft and comfortable, the effect reaches the designing requirement, and the fabric is a good garment material for top-grade men and women shirts in spring and summer. According to the practice of the processing technology, a good and advanced spinning method, fabric weave designing and others are combined well, so that the product grade is improved substantially, product upgrading is achieved, and market competitiveness is improved.

Description

A kind of processing technology of fancy yarn
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of manufacturing technique of field of textiles yarn, particularly relate to a kind of processing technology of fancy yarn.
(2) background technology
Along with the continuous reinforcement of people to clothes diversity and individual requirement, the Fancy Yarns being a splendid legacy is also applied among garment material more and more.In the spinning process of spun yarn, add a chemical-fibres filaments in front draft zone, synchronize in the same way twisting with another root through the yarn of spinning-drafting, long filament and short fiber are mutually wound around when twisting, and make yarn have special construction.Because raw material is different, different with the reflective degree to light to the degree of absorption of dyestuff during this yarn dyeing, manifest two kinds of different colors and brightness, there is the effect of beautiful Fancy Yarns.With this yarn weaving garment material, the variation through different yarns kind and fabric tissue, manifests beautiful fabric effect, is good spring and summer of high-grade men and women's shirt garment material.
On common fine spining machine, spin beautiful fancy yarn, need on equipment, carry out a series of transformation, design suitable long filament bobbin arranging frame, install long filament godet roller etc. additional; Reach best beautiful Fancy Yarns effect, in draw zone, in the relative position of short fiber yarn and long filament and the Process configuration such as selection of yarn twist, also will grope gradually accumulation.
(3) summary of the invention
The present invention is based on above-mentioned purpose, a kind of processing technology of fancy yarn is provided.
Technical scheme of the present invention is to realize like this.
The processing technology of the fancy yarn of this programme, adopts cotton fiber and polyester filament spinning, and the specification of this yarn is 61/39JC/T, and cotton fiber is JC7.3tex rove, and polyester filament is FDY T40D/25F lustrous fibre.
Its critical process is:
, the transformation of fine spining machine equipment, install long filament bobbin cradle additional.
Spinning needs a rove of feeding and a chemical-fibres filaments, rove hangs on lift spindle, chemical-fibres filaments bobbin will have bracing frame to install, in creel center, install a bobbin cradle being formed by three steel bars additional, two sides, left and right is welded with the steel rod of 420 horizontal directions altogether, to place chemical-fibres filaments bobbin, the steel bar with twizzle is all equipped with in left and right, creel outside, and object is to draw long filament break-in through twizzle is backward from bobbin level.
(2), technological process and main technique measure
1. technological process
The textile part of this kind is used 100% long-staple cotton, premenstrually spins a series of flow processs and is spun into rove, at spinning-drafting, becomes yarn, adds T40D long filament, completes the spinning of beautiful Fancy Yarns.
The first step, cotton: FA006C automatic plucker, FA103A twin shaft stream opener, FA028 six storehouse cotton blender machines, FA109 tri-cylinder scutchers, FA221B carding machine, FA302 drawing frame, SR80 strip ribbon lap machine, PX2 combing machine, FA322 drawing frame, FA457 Speed frames.
Second step, cotton+T40D:FA502 fine spining machine, SAVIO automatic winder.
2. main technique measure
Spinning process is normally spinning on the basis of JC7.3, adds T40D polyester filament, spins 61/39JC/T Fancy Yarns.
According to yarn, on cloth cover, form the requirement of beautiful, the twist of yarn can not be too large, otherwise the reflective bright spot of polyester filament is less than normal, gloss does not show, when yarn twist is less than normal, although good brightness, its brute force is low, the best twist is decided to be 1500 twists/m, and the gloss of yarn and brute force all can meet the demands.
The spacing of cotton yarn and polyester filament is an important technological parameter, and spacing is adjusted at 6-8mm, and spinning state is better, and yarn effect can reach requirement.
Long filament draws to get off from bobbin cradle, and its route is longer, and the tension force during for minimizing unwinding is unstable, improves yarn quality, and spinning speed is set in to 11070 revs/min of ingot speed, 94 revs/min of front rollers, and life stabilised quality is better.
Usefulness of the present invention is: the present invention has explored the process of producing beautiful fancy yarn on fine spining machine, has summed up the experience that a series of scrap build and technique are adjusted, for the production of like product provides reference.Use the beautiful fancy yarn of 61/39JC/T (7.3tex+T40D) to weave and change beautiful fabric, cloth cover is bright and clean beautiful, soft comfortable, and effect reaches designing requirement, is good spring and summer of high-grade men and women's shirt garment material.The practice of the inventive method, combines good advanced person's spinning method, Dobby Weave Design etc. well, and improving product class, realizes product up-gradation greatly, increases the market competitiveness.
(4) specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment:
One, yarn design
The fancy yarn of the present embodiment is designed to 61/39JC/T(JC7.3+T40D), staple fibre is selected general JC7.3tex rove, polyester filament specification is the large lustrous fibre of FDY T40D/25F, utilize the gloss that has greatly light polyester filament, gloss difference between increasing and cotton fiber, further improve the beautiful Fancy Yarns effect of yarn, increase the flicker style of cloth cover.
Two, technological design
61/39JC/T(JC7.3+T40D) beautiful fancy yarn, fore-spinning flow process is identical with common RING SPINNING, and first critical process, at spun yarn, need carry out part transformation to fine spining machine, then carry out yarn technological design and adjustment, makes it to meet the requirements of effect.
1, the transformation of fine spining machine equipment
1.1, the transformation of long filament bobbin cradle
Spinning needs a rove of feeding and a chemical-fibres filaments, rove hangs on lift spindle, chemical-fibres filaments bobbin will have bracing frame to install, through repeatedly development test, in creel center, install a bobbin cradle being comprised of three steel bars additional, two sides, left and right is welded with the steel rod of 420 horizontal directions altogether, to place chemical-fibres filaments bobbin, the steel bar with twizzle is all equipped with in left and right, creel outside, and object is to draw long filament break-in through twizzle is backward from bobbin level.Long filament, by after drawing to get off above, feeds after front leather roller through godet roller, and the effect of godet roller is the fixing position of long filament, to stablize the spacing between two kinds of yarns of short fiber and chemical-fibres filaments, so need install seal wire synthetic fibre additional on reel cage.
1.2, the transformation of traversing gear.
Owing to there being two kinds of yarns of short fiber and chemical-fibres filaments in Spinning Draft Zone, to there is suitable spacing between the two, the large short fiber broken end of spacing, the little short fiber of spacing is wrapped long filament, there is no the effect of beautiful Fancy Yarns.And in whole spinning process, to guarantee the consistent of spacing.Long filament feeds draw zone after godet roller, and after godet roller is fixing, the position of long filament has also just been determined, if traversing gear continues motion, the position of short fiber yarn generating period variation thereupon, in order to guarantee this spacing, fine spining machine guide traversing gear is cut off, in order to avoid cause quality fluctuation.
2, technological process and main technique design
2.1, technological process
The textile part of this kind is used 100% long-staple cotton, premenstrually spins a series of flow processs and is spun into rove, at spinning-drafting, becomes yarn, adds T40D long filament, completes the spinning of beautiful Fancy Yarns.
The first step, cotton: FA006C automatic plucker, FA103A twin shaft stream opener, FA028 six storehouse cotton blender machines, FA109 tri-cylinder scutchers, FA221B carding machine, FA302 drawing frame, SR80 strip ribbon lap machine, PX2 combing machine, FA322 drawing frame, FA457 Speed frames.
Second step, (cotton+T40D): FA502 fine spining machine, SAVIO automatic winder.
2.2, main technique design and implementation
Operation before spun yarn is identical with JC7.3, is not described in detail the situation of the beautiful Fancy Yarns of article spinning process.
Spinning process is normally spinning on the basis of JC7.3, adds T40D polyester filament, spins 61/39JC/T(JC7.3+T40D) beautiful Fancy Yarns.
According to yarn, on cloth cover, form the requirement of beautiful, through examination, spin contrast yarn luster effect, the twist of determining yarn can not be too large, otherwise the reflective bright spot of polyester filament is less than normal, and gloss does not show, during yarn twist grasp less than normal, although good brightness, its brute force is low, does warp thread and does not reach requirements of weaving process, when the last twist is decided to be 1500 twists/m, the gloss of yarn and brute force all can meet the demands.
The spacing of cotton yarn and polyester filament is also an important technological parameter, middle discovery is spun in examination, when spacing surpasses 10mm, it is more to there is broken end in cotton yarn, on spool, be only wound around polyester filament, analysis reason is that the brute force of polyester filament is larger, yarn out deflection terylene one side from twist triangle zone, the distance of cotton yarn arrival twisting point is longer comparatively speaking, have part fiber especially staple fibre easily by cotton suction duct, siphoned away, in cotton fiber yarn, number of fiber reduces, can not overcome tension force makes it arrive smoothly twisting point, thereby form broken end, and the brute force of polyester filament is enough to meet the tension force of spinning section and twisting section, so polyester filament does not break end.When spacing is less than 5mm, finds that there is cotton yarn polyester filament is wrapped to phenomenon on yarn, the gloss of long filament be can't see, and spacing more parcel must be tighter, and Fancy Yarns effect is poorer.Through analysis of experiments, to determine spacing is adjusted to 6-8mm, spinning state is better, and yarn effect can reach requirement.
Long filament draws to get off from bobbin cradle, and its route is longer, and the tension force during for minimizing unwinding is unstable, improves yarn quality, low-level during spinning speed is set in, 11070 revs/min of ingot speed, and 94 revs/min of front rollers, life stabilised quality is better.
By a series of scrap builds, test of many times is selected good technological parameter configuration, successfully spins beautiful fancy yarn.Dyed test, polyester filament gloss flicker effect is fine, reaches the design object of the beautiful fancy yarn of spinning.
Three, technique effect
On fine spining machine, produce beautiful fancy yarn, need to carry out a series of scrap build and technique adjustment.
Use the beautiful fancy yarn of 61/39JC/T (7.3tex+T40D) to weave and change beautiful fabric, cloth cover is bright and clean beautiful, soft comfortable, and effect reaches designing requirement, is good spring and summer of high-grade men and women's shirt garment material.By this Development Practice, good advanced person's spinning method, Dobby Weave Design etc. are combined well, improving product class, realizes product up-gradation greatly, increases the market competitiveness.

Claims (1)

1. a processing technology for fancy yarn, adopts cotton fiber and polyester filament spinning, it is characterized in that:
The specification of this yarn is 61/39JC/T, and cotton fiber is JC7.3tex rove, and polyester filament is FDYT40D/25F lustrous fibre;
Its critical process is:
, the transformation of fine spining machine equipment, install long filament bobbin cradle additional
Spinning needs a rove of feeding and a chemical-fibres filaments, rove hangs on lift spindle, chemical-fibres filaments bobbin will have bracing frame to install, in creel center, install a bobbin cradle being formed by three steel bars additional, two sides, left and right is welded with the steel rod of 420 horizontal directions altogether, to place chemical-fibres filaments bobbin, the steel bar with twizzle is all equipped with in left and right, creel outside, and object is to draw long filament break-in through twizzle is backward from bobbin level;
(2), technological process and main technique measure
1. technological process
The textile part of this kind is used 100% long-staple cotton, premenstrually spins a series of flow processs and is spun into rove, at spinning-drafting, becomes yarn, adds T40D long filament, completes the spinning of beautiful Fancy Yarns;
The first step, cotton: FA006C automatic plucker, FA103A twin shaft stream opener, FA028 six storehouse cotton blender machines, FA109 tri-cylinder scutchers, FA221B carding machine, FA302 drawing frame, SR80 strip ribbon lap machine, PX2 combing machine, FA322 drawing frame, FA457 Speed frames;
Second step, cotton+T40D:FA502 fine spining machine, SAVIO automatic winder;
2. main technique measure
Spinning process is normally spinning on the basis of JC7.3, adds T40D polyester filament, spins 61/39JC/T Fancy Yarns;
According to yarn, on cloth cover, form the requirement of beautiful, the twist of yarn can not be too large, otherwise the reflective bright spot of polyester filament is less than normal, gloss does not show, when yarn twist is less than normal, although good brightness, its brute force is low, the best twist is decided to be 1500 twists/m, and the gloss of yarn and brute force all can meet the demands;
The spacing of cotton yarn and polyester filament is an important technological parameter, and spacing is adjusted at 6-8mm, and spinning state is better, and yarn effect can reach requirement;
Long filament draws to get off from bobbin cradle, and its route is longer, and the tension force during for minimizing unwinding is unstable, improves yarn quality, and spinning speed is set in to 11070 revs/min of ingot speed, 94 revs/min of front rollers, and life stabilised quality is better.
CN201210365538.3A 2012-09-26 2012-09-26 Processing technology for fancy yarns Pending CN103668618A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publications (1)

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CN103668618A true CN103668618A (en) 2014-03-26

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103981612A (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-08-13 帛方纺织有限公司 A and B bamboo joint composite yarn and production method thereof
CN104746198B (en) * 2015-04-10 2016-08-31 东华大学 A kind of production method of fancy yarn
CN106400218A (en) * 2016-05-14 2017-02-15 兴化市兴星纺织有限公司 Preparation technology for colored slub yarns

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103981612A (en) * 2014-05-13 2014-08-13 帛方纺织有限公司 A and B bamboo joint composite yarn and production method thereof
CN104746198B (en) * 2015-04-10 2016-08-31 东华大学 A kind of production method of fancy yarn
CN106400218A (en) * 2016-05-14 2017-02-15 兴化市兴星纺织有限公司 Preparation technology for colored slub yarns

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Application publication date: 20140326

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