CN103658168A - Method for rolling rectangular die block steel ring blank into abnormal-shaped thin-wall ring member - Google Patents

Method for rolling rectangular die block steel ring blank into abnormal-shaped thin-wall ring member Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103658168A
CN103658168A CN201310686773.5A CN201310686773A CN103658168A CN 103658168 A CN103658168 A CN 103658168A CN 201310686773 A CN201310686773 A CN 201310686773A CN 103658168 A CN103658168 A CN 103658168A
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China
Prior art keywords
ring
special
straight
shaped thin
rolling
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Pending
Application number
CN201310686773.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢永富
邱伟
欧阳斌
刘志棋
刘彦成
成陆祥
奚晓
刘建
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Guizhou Anda Aviation Forging Co Ltd
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Guizhou Anda Aviation Forging Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201310686773.5A priority Critical patent/CN103658168A/en
Publication of CN103658168A publication Critical patent/CN103658168A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for rolling a rectangular die block steel ring blank into an abnormal-shaped thin-wall ring member. With the purpose of continuous and stable operation in a rolling process, a reasonable feeding type of a core roller is provided, the rectangular die block steel ring blank is designed according to the shape and the size of the abnormal-shaped thin-wall ring member in a backward reasoning mode, and therefore the rectangular die block steel ring blank is rolled into the abnormal-shaped thin-wall ring member. The method is mainly used for forming of the abnormal-shaped thin-wall ring member in the fields of aviation, aerospace, industrial machinery and the like.

Description

The roll forming of mould steel straight-flanked ring base is the method for special-shaped thin wall ring
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of roll-forming method of ring, particularly having related to the roll forming of mould steel straight-flanked ring base is the method for special-shaped thin wall ring.
Background technology
Along with looping mill rolling technology is more and more ripe, the design of ring more and more becomes more meticulous, and special-shaped thin wall ring also produces thereupon.The shape of this special-shaped thin wall ring and size more approach shape and the size of part, minimizing machine-finish allowance that can larger limit, thus reduce the destruction of machining to the forging flow lines of ring, save a large amount of precious metal materials, improve stock utilization.
On October 8th, 2008, disclosed Chinese invention patent description CN101279343A disclosed a kind of method for rolling and shaping of stainless steel abnormity ring, the method by the stainless steel bar of specification blanking through jumping-up, punching, roll ring base for twice, blank put into rolling and shaping in machine for rolling ring roll off mould again, by at double mode that small deformation amount is shaped and the deflection of precise control in each processing step taked in rolling ring base process, tissue and well behaved special-shaped ring have been rolled out.While adopting said method to produce for the thinner special-shaped ring of wall thickness, because the design of blank is unreasonable or rolling parameter (as feed speed of core roller etc.) is controlled and improperly all can influence of rolled process can not be completed smoothly, there will be desultory rolling phenomenon, have a strong impact on the quality of ring.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of reasonable feeding mode of core roller, and according to the shape of mould steel special-shaped thin wall ring and the anti-designing mould steel straight-flanked ring base that pushes away of size, thereby realizing the roll forming of mould steel straight-flanked ring base is special-shaped thin wall ring, the method make the operation of rolling can be continuously, stably carry out.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, mould steel straight-flanked ring base of the present invention roll forming is the method for special-shaped thin wall ring, and its technical scheme comprises the following steps:
Mould steel bar by specification blanking is heated to the forging temperature of 1000 ℃~1150 ℃, after jumping-up, punching, rolls in advance straight-flanked ring base.
To roll in advance ring base and reheat after forging temperature, pack machine for rolling ring into.Start machine for rolling ring, the home roll rotating speed of machine for rolling ring is adjusted to 1.5rad/s, cone roller rotating speed is adjusted to 1.0rad/s.The main restriction ring that plays a part of cone roller up rises and flat end face vertically.Roll-force with 180KN~2800KN increases to 2.8mm/s by the feed speed of core roller gradually from 1.6mm/s, straight-flanked ring base and core roller are rotated continuously, and straight-flanked ring base is constantly nipped in rolling groove, thereby guaranteed the follow-up operation of rolling can be continuously, carry out reposefully.When the operation of rolling tends towards stability, the feed speed of core roller is controlled to 2.8mm/s constant, metal material mainly vertically, Radial Flow, rolling groove is constantly filled, straight-flanked ring base is configured as special-shaped intermediate blank gradually, and the external diameter of special-shaped intermediate blank does not almost change in this process.When rolling groove is filled to a certain degree, the feed speed of core roller is decreased to 0.4mm/s gradually from 2.8mm/s.Metal material mainly flows along the tangential direction of special-shaped intermediate blank, and special-shaped intermediate blank is grown up rapidly, and the inside and outside footpath that is mainly manifested in special-shaped intermediate blank increases, wall thickness reduces.When the external diameter of special-shaped intermediate blank has reached while requiring size, continue to reduce the feed speed of core roller, eliminate special-shaped thin wall ring ovality, complete the school circle of special-shaped thin wall ring, and continue to fill the sharp corner not being filled in rolling groove, thereby obtain shape, special-shaped thin wall ring that size is qualified.
Further, the account form of straight-flanked ring base size is as follows:
The height of straight-flanked ring base is:
H 1=H 2
Wherein: H 1height for straight-flanked ring base;
H 2height for special-shaped thin wall ring.
The internal diameter of straight-flanked ring base is:
d = d max k - ( d max - d min ) 2 - ΔH
Wherein: d is the internal diameter of straight-flanked ring base;
K is rolling ratio, gets 1.2~2.0;
D maxmaximum inner diameter for special-shaped thin wall ring;
D minminimum diameter for special-shaped thin wall ring;
△ H is the total feed amount of core roller.
According to volume equal principle, can obtain the external diameter of straight-flanked ring base.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows:
Mould steel straight-flanked ring base of the present invention roll forming is the method for special-shaped thin wall ring, by the reasonable control to feed rate of idle roll in each stage of rolling, makes the operation of rolling can continue, stably carry out.First the feed speed of core roller is increased to 2.8mm/s gradually from 1.6mm/s, and to keep feed speed be that 2.8mm/s is constant, from 2.8mm/s, be decreased to 0.4mm/s gradually again, and continue to reduce the feed speed of core roller, until mould steel special-shaped thin wall ring stops operating.The major advantage of the feeding mode of this core roller is, when the feed speed of core roller is between 1.6mm/s~2.8mm/s, can guarantee that mould steel straight-flanked ring base is constantly nipped in rolling groove; When the feed speed of core roller reaches maximum 2.8mm/s, start to fill rolling groove; When rolling groove is filled into a certain degree, mould steel special-shaped thin wall ring starts to grow up, and the feed speed that at this moment needs to reduce core roller guarantees the final size of mould steel special-shaped thin wall ring; When the feed speed of core roller is less than 0.4mm/s, mould steel special-shaped thin wall ring no longer increases, this process is mainly to eliminate special-shaped thin wall ring ovality, complete the school circle of special-shaped thin wall ring, and continue to fill the sharp corner not being filled in rolling groove, thereby obtain shape, special-shaped thin wall ring that size is qualified.The total feed amount of core roller (△ H) is the feeding summation of above each rolling sequence SMIS roller.
The internal diameter (d) of described mould steel straight-flanked ring base is according to the maximum inner diameter (d of the mould steel special-shaped thin wall ring of required roll forming max), minimum diameter (d min) and rolling than the total feed amount of (k) and core roller (△ H), carry out calculative determination; The height of mould steel straight-flanked ring base is identical with mould steel special-shaped thin wall ring; The external diameter of mould steel straight-flanked ring base can carry out calculative determination by the identical principle of volume before and after rolling.This blank design method can make mould steel straight-flanked ring base when roll forming, die steel material can to ring axially, radially and along the tangential direction of ring flow, thereby obtain the good mould steel special-shaped thin wall ring of structure property, can meet the volume compensation of special-shaped ring axial flow, while guaranteeing special-shaped ring rolling, do not occur that rolling groove filling is discontented or filling has been expired but outside dimension does not reach the mobile defects such as requirement or process defect simultaneously.
The mould steel that the trade mark of take is 5CrNiMo is example:
The dimensional accuracy of this alloy special-shaped thin wall ring after testing, has reached 3 ‰ (3/1000ths) of external diameter.
The room temperature tensile performance of this alloy special-shaped thin wall ring after testing, its tensile strength is the 780MPa that 820MPa~840MPa(is greater than design instructions for use), yield strength is the 785MPa that 610MPa~635MPa(is greater than design instructions for use), elongation after fracture be 20%~21.5%(be greater than design instructions for use 15%), the contraction percentage of area be 60%~61.5%(be greater than design instructions for use 35%), impact value be 68J~72J(be greater than design instructions for use 52J).Met design instructions for use.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is straight-flanked ring base schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the as-rolled condition schematic diagram while nipping;
Fig. 3 is the material flow regime schematic diagram of rolling groove while being filled;
Fig. 4 is the as-rolled condition schematic diagram of rolling groove while being filled;
Material flow regime schematic diagram when Fig. 5 is ring increase;
As-rolled condition schematic diagram when Fig. 6 is ring increase;
Fig. 7 is special-shaped thin wall ring schematic diagram;
The specific embodiment
Implement the method that mould steel straight-flanked ring base of the present invention roll forming is special-shaped thin wall ring the equipment such as forge furnace, forcing press, machine for rolling ring, manipulator need to be provided.The mould steel that the trade mark of take is below 5CrNiMo describes the specific embodiment of the method in detail as example:
The main chemical elements content (percentage by weight) of this alloy is: C content 0.50%~0.60%, containing Mn amount 0.50%~0.80%, si content≤0.40%, containing S amount≤0.030%, P content≤0.030%, containing Cr amount 0.50%~0.80%, ni content 1.40%~1.80%, surplus, be Fe.
The step of this method is as follows:
1, design straight-flanked ring base 1
Calculate in such a way rectangular billet size:
(1) height of straight-flanked ring base 1 is:
H 1=H 2
Wherein: H 1height for straight-flanked ring base 1;
H 2height for special-shaped thin wall ring 3.
(2) internal diameter of straight-flanked ring base 1 is:
d = d max k - ( d max - d min ) 2 - ΔH
Wherein: d is the internal diameter of straight-flanked ring base 1;
K is rolling ratio, gets 1.2~2.0;
D maxmaximum inner diameter for special-shaped thin wall ring 3;
D minminimum diameter for special-shaped thin wall ring 3;
△ H is the total feed amount of core roller 5.
(3), according to volume equal principle, mould steel straight-flanked ring base 1 equates with the volume of mould steel special-shaped thin wall ring 3, can obtain the outer diameter D of straight-flanked ring base 1.
2, base
5CrNiMo bar by specification blanking is heated to the forging temperature of 1000 ℃~1150 ℃, after jumping-up, punching, then according to above-mentioned calculating gained size, rolls in advance straight-flanked ring base 1.
3, rolling
Straight-flanked ring base 1 is reheated after forging temperature, pack machine for rolling ring into.Start machine for rolling ring, the rotating speed of the home roll of machine for rolling ring 4 is adjusted to 1.5rad/s, cone roller rotating speed is adjusted to 1.0rad/s.Cone roller mainly plays restriction ring and up rises vertically and flat end face.
(1) rolling bite stage.Roll-force with 180KN~2800KN increases to 2.8mm/s by the feed speed of core roller 5 gradually from 1.6mm/s, as shown in Figure 2, rotation and the 5 radial feed motions of core roller due to home roll 4, drive straight-flanked ring base 1 and core roller 5 to rotate continuously, and straight-flanked ring base 1 is constantly nipped in rolling groove, thereby guaranteed the follow-up operation of rolling can be continuously, carry out reposefully.
(2) rolling groove is filled the stage.When the operation of rolling tends towards stability, the feed speed of core roller 5 is controlled to 2.8mm/s constant.Metal material mainly vertically, Radial Flow, as shown in Figure 3.Rolling groove is constantly filled, straight-flanked ring base 1 be configured as gradually special-shaped intermediate blank 2, and the external diameter of special-shaped intermediate blank 2 is compared with straight-flanked ring base 1 and is not almost changed, as shown in Figure 4.
(3) the increase stage of ring.When rolling groove is filled to a certain degree, the feed speed of core roller 5 is decreased to 0.4mm/s gradually from 2.8mm/s.Metal material mainly flows along the tangential direction of special-shaped intermediate blank 2, as shown in Figure 5.Now, special-shaped intermediate blank 2 is grown up rapidly, is mainly manifested in that inside and outside footpath increases, wall thickness reduces, as shown in Figure 6.
(4) school circle, shaping stage.When the external diameter of special-shaped intermediate blank 2 has reached while requiring size, continue to reduce the feed speed of core roller.Eliminate the ovality of special-shaped thin wall ring 3, complete the school circle of special-shaped thin wall ring 3, and continue to fill the sharp corner not being filled in rolling groove.Thereby acquisition shape, the 5CrNiMo special-shaped thin wall ring 3 that size is qualified, as shown in Figure 7.
The 5CrNiMo special-shaped thin wall ring that adopts said method to produce, its maximum high-depth ratio can reach 20:1.

Claims (3)

1. the roll forming of mould steel straight-flanked ring base is a method for special-shaped thin wall ring, it is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
Mould steel bar by specification blanking is heated to the forging temperature of 1000 ℃~1150 ℃, after jumping-up, punching, rolls in advance straight-flanked ring base.
To roll in advance ring base and reheat after forging temperature, pack machine for rolling ring into.Start machine for rolling ring, the home roll rotating speed of machine for rolling ring is adjusted to 1.5rad/s, cone roller rotating speed is adjusted to 1.0rad/s.The main restriction ring that plays a part of cone roller up rises and flat end face vertically.Roll-force with 180KN~2800KN increases to 2.8mm/s by the feed speed of core roller gradually from 1.6mm/s, straight-flanked ring base and core roller are rotated continuously, and straight-flanked ring base is constantly nipped in rolling die cavity, thereby guaranteed the follow-up operation of rolling can be continuously, carry out reposefully.When the operation of rolling tends towards stability, the feed speed of core roller is controlled to 2.8mm/s constant, metal material mainly vertically, Radial Flow, irregular cavity is constantly filled, straight-flanked ring base is configured as special-shaped intermediate blank gradually, and the external diameter of special-shaped intermediate blank does not almost change in this process.When irregular cavity is filled to a certain degree, the feed speed of core roller is decreased to 0.4mm/s gradually from 2.8mm/s.Metal material mainly flows along the tangential direction of special-shaped intermediate blank, and special-shaped intermediate blank is grown up rapidly, and the inside and outside footpath that is mainly manifested in special-shaped intermediate blank increases, wall thickness reduces.When the external diameter of special-shaped intermediate blank has reached while requiring size, continue to reduce the feed speed of core roller.Eliminate special-shaped thin wall ring ovality, complete the school circle of special-shaped thin wall ring, and continue to fill the sharp corner that die cavity is not filled, thereby obtain shape, special-shaped thin wall ring that size is qualified.
2. mould steel straight-flanked ring base according to claim 1 roll forming is the method for special-shaped thin wall ring, it is characterized in that, the method for designing of described straight-flanked ring base is as follows:
The height of straight-flanked ring base is:
H 1=H 2
Wherein: H 1height for straight-flanked ring base;
H 2height for special-shaped thin wall ring.
The internal diameter of straight-flanked ring base is:
d = d max k - ( d max - d min ) 2 - ΔH
Wherein: d is the internal diameter of straight-flanked ring base;
K is rolling ratio, gets 1.2~2.0;
D maxmaximum inner diameter for special-shaped thin wall ring;
D minminimum diameter for special-shaped thin wall ring;
△ H is the total feed amount of core roller.
According to volume equal principle, can obtain the external diameter of straight-flanked ring base.
3. mould steel straight-flanked ring base according to claim 1 roll forming is the method for special-shaped thin wall ring, it is characterized in that, described mould steel is 5CrNiMo.
CN201310686773.5A 2013-12-16 2013-12-16 Method for rolling rectangular die block steel ring blank into abnormal-shaped thin-wall ring member Pending CN103658168A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105396997A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-03-16 贵州安大航空锻造有限责任公司 Isotropic rolling method for bearing steel rectangular ring
CN105414419A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-03-23 贵州安大航空锻造有限责任公司 Rolling method for rectangular isotropous stainless steel ring piece
CN107971776A (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-05-01 北京航星机器制造有限公司 A kind of method for transmitting positioning datum using regular face

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EP2644297A1 (en) * 2012-03-26 2013-10-02 Aktiebolaget SKF Equipment for manufacturing by rolling a complex shape annular element, in particular a steel insert for an outer ring of a rolling bearing
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105396997A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-03-16 贵州安大航空锻造有限责任公司 Isotropic rolling method for bearing steel rectangular ring
CN105414419A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-03-23 贵州安大航空锻造有限责任公司 Rolling method for rectangular isotropous stainless steel ring piece
CN107971776A (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-05-01 北京航星机器制造有限公司 A kind of method for transmitting positioning datum using regular face

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