CN103654793A - Knitted flexible sensor used for measuring two-way stretching strain and manufacturing method of knitted flexible sensor - Google Patents

Knitted flexible sensor used for measuring two-way stretching strain and manufacturing method of knitted flexible sensor Download PDF

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CN103654793A
CN103654793A CN201310719165.XA CN201310719165A CN103654793A CN 103654793 A CN103654793 A CN 103654793A CN 201310719165 A CN201310719165 A CN 201310719165A CN 103654793 A CN103654793 A CN 103654793A
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sensor
region
yarn
layer
lower
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CN201310719165.XA
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CN103654793B (en
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李家成
龙海如
沈为
谢娟
苏华晓
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广东瑞源科技股份有限公司
东华大学
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Abstract

The invention relates to a knitted flexible sensor used for measuring two-way stretching strain and a manufacturing method of the knitted flexible sensor. The knitted flexible sensor comprises an upper sensor layer region, a lower sensor layer region and a connection region, wherein the upper sensor layer region is composed of a sensor transverse-column region and non-sensor transverse-column regions, and the sensor transverse-column region is not connected with the non-sensor transverse-column regions in the longitudinal-row direction; the lower sensor layer region is composed of a sensor longitudinal-row region and non-sensor longitudinal-row regions, and the sensor longitudinal-row region is not connected with the non-sensor longitudinal-row regions in the transverse-column direction; the sensor transverse-column region and the sensor longitudinal-row region are composed of conductive yarns; no yarn is connected between the upper sensor layer region and the lower sensor layer region; the connection region is connected with the upper sensor layer region and the lower sensor layer region respectively. The knitted flexible sensor has the advantages of being good in structural integrity, extensibility, elastic resilience and reproducibility, and easy and convenient to manufacture, can be arranged on clothes in a knitted mode so as to measure longitudinal and transverse strain of clothes under a two-way stretching condition respectively, and can monitor postures, actions and physiological indexes such as heartbeat or respiration of the human body.

Description

用于测量双向拉伸应变的针织柔性传感器及其制备方法 Knitted flexible sensor for measuring and preparation method of biaxial stretching strain

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种针织柔性传感器及其制备方法,具体地说,是涉及一种用于测量双向拉伸应变的针织柔性传感器及其制备方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a knitting method for preparing a flexible sensor and, particularly, relates to a flexible knitting sensor and preparation method for measuring the bidirectional tensile strain.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 针织柔性传感器可编织或集成在服装上,形成可穿戴应变式传感器,用以监测人体的心跳、呼吸等生理指标。 [0002] The sensor can be woven or knitted flexible integrated in the clothing, wearable formed strain sensor, to monitor the body's heart, respiratory and other physiological indicators.

[0003] 现有技术中,中国专利号200610147211.3公开了一种用于电子织物的应变式柔性呼吸传感器及其应用,所述的传感器包括具有弹性的导电纤维和绝缘纤维机织或针织的织物形式的传感器敏感元件,并具有用于电连接的引线或接头。 [0003] In the prior art, China Patent No. 200610147211.3 discloses a flexible strain respiration Sensor and Its Application for an electronic fabric, said fabric comprising a sensor in the form of an elastic insulating and conductive fibers woven or knitted of fiber sensitive sensor element, and has a lead or connector for electrical connection. 当传感器敏感元件受到拉力(例如呼吸引起的胸廓运动)作用而产生应变时,由导电纤维组成的导电网络的电阻值将发生变化,对其电阻值进行测量即可获得应变的大小。 When the sensor sensitive element under tension (e.g. due to thoracic breathing motion) strained action, by the resistance of the conductive network composed of conductive fibers will change its resistance value is measured magnitude of strain can be obtained. 上述传感器的不足之处在于:当传感器敏感元件受到纵横双向拉伸产生双向应变时,由导电纤维构成的导电网络只能反映一个电阻值的变化,因此无法区分与测量分别在纵向和横向发生的应变。 Deficiencies in that the sensor: When the sensor sensitive element being stretched vertically and horizontally to produce a two-way strain, consisting of conductive fibers conductive network can reflect changes in a resistance value, and therefore the measurement can not distinguish between vertical and horizontal, respectively, occur in strain. 而人们在呼吸及运动时,人体一些部位的皮肤除了单向延伸外还存在双向延伸。 And people breathing and movement of the skin of some parts of the body in addition to the presence of biaxially stretched uniaxially stretched further. 发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的目的是克服了现有技术中的缺点,提供了一种能够测量双向拉伸应变的针织柔性传感器以及制备方法。 [0004] The object of the present invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art, there is provided a knitted flexible sensor is capable of measuring and a method for producing a biaxially stretched strain.

[0005] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明是通过以下技术方案实现的: [0005] To solve the above problems, the present invention is achieved by the following technical solution:

该用于测量双向拉伸应变的针织柔性传感器,包括上传感器层区域、下传感器层区域和连接区域;上传感器层区域由一个测量水平方向拉伸应变的传感器横列区域和两个非传感器横列区域组成,传感器横列区域位于其上侧和下侧的两个非传感器横列区域之间,传感器横列区域和非传感器横列区域在交界处纵行方向没有连接;下传感器层区域由一个测量垂直方向拉伸应变的传感器纵行区域和两个非传感器纵行区域组成,传感器纵行区域位于其左侧和右侧的非传感器纵行区域之间,传感器纵行区域与非传感器纵行区域在交界处横列方向没有连接;上传感器层区域和下传感器层区域之间没有纱线连接;连接区域分别与上传感器层区域和下传感器层区域连接。 The biaxially stretched for measuring the strain of the flexible sensor knitting, comprising a layer region on the sensor, the sensor and the connection region of the lower layer region; layer region on the sensor by the tensile strain of a sensor measuring the horizontal direction and two non-sensor area course courses region composition, the sensor row region is located between two non-sensor area courses which the upper and lower sides, and the non-sensor area of ​​the sensor row region course in the wale direction, is not connected at the junction; lower sensor layer is a region measured in the vertical direction by the stretching longitudinal strain sensor region and two non-sensor area composed of wales, the sensor region is located between the non-wale wales sensor region of its left and right sides of the sensor area and the non-sensor longitudinal wales course at the junction region no connection directions; there is no connection between the yarn and the lower layer region on the sensor region of the sensor layer; connection area are connected to the sensor and the lower sensor layer region layer regions.

[0006] 本发明所述的上传感器层区域中,传感器横列区域由导电纱线和弹性纱线编织形成平针添纱组织,导电纱线是面纱位于上传感器层的外表面,弹性纱线是地纱位于上传感器层的内表面;两个非传感器横列区域由普通纱线和弹性纱线编织形成平针添纱组织,普通纱线是面纱位于上传感器层的外表面,弹性纱线是地纱位于上传感器层的内表面。 [0006] The area on the sensor layer of the present invention, the sensor row by the conductive yarn knitted region and the elastic yarn forming plain stitch plaiting tissue, veil conductive yarn is located on the outer surface of the sensor layer, the elastic yarn is the yarn located on the inner surface of the sensor layer; two non-sensor area is formed by a common course yarn and the elastic yarn plaited knitting a plain stitch tissue, ordinary yarns are veil on the outer surface of the sensor layer, the elastic yarn is a ground yarn located on the inner surface of the sensor layer.

[0007] 本发明所述的下传感器层区域中,传感器纵行区域由导电纱线和弹性纱线编织形成平针添纱组织,导电纱线是面纱位于下传感器层的外表面,弹性纱线是地纱位于下传感器层的内表面;两个非传感器纵行区域由普通纱线和弹性纱线编织形成平针添纱组织,普通纱线是面纱位于下传感器层的外表面,弹性纱线是地纱位于下传感器层的内表面。 [0007] The lower layer region of the sensor of the present invention, the sensor region wales conductive yarn woven yarn and the elastic yarn forming plain stitch Tim tissue, veil conductive yarn is located in the outer surface of the sensor layer, the elastic yarn sensor layer is located on the lower inner surface of the yarn; two non-sensor area by a common wale yarn and the elastic yarn forms a flat knitting needle plaiting tissue, ordinary yarns are located on the outer surface of the lower sensor veil layer, elastic yarns sensor layer is located on the lower inner surface of the yarn. [0008] 本发明所述的连接区域的组织结构为1 + 1罗纹组织,由普通纱线编织而成;连接区域与上、下传感器层区域在左、右侧交界处的线圈纵行重叠,从而形成左、右侧的横向连接;连接区域与上、下传感器层区域在上、下侧交界处的线圈横列串套,从而形成上、下侧的纵向连接。 [0008] The connection region of the tissue structure of the present invention is a 1 + 1 rib stitch knitting yarns made by one of ordinary; connection region, on the left, the right boundary wale at the lower sensor layer overlap region, thereby forming left and right side of the lateral connection; connection region with the lower sensor layer region on the lower side of the junction of rows of stitches sets of strings, thereby forming upper, lower longitudinal connection side.

[0009] 本发明所述的上传感器层区域和下传感器层区域两者大小相等、彼此重合;上传感器层区域弹性纱线编织的内表面与下传感器层区域弹性纱线编织的内表面相接触,而上传感器层区域由导电纱线编织的位于外表面的传感器横列区域与下传感器层区域由导电纱线编织的位于外表面的传感器纵行区域没有接触。 [0009] The size of both areas is equal to the sensor of the present invention, the sensor layer and the lower layer region, coincide with each other; an inner surface of the upper layer of the sensor region of the elastic yarn knitted in contact with the inner surface of the yarn woven elastic lower sensor layer region and the upper region of the outer surface of the sensor layer by conductive yarn knitted region of the lower course of the sensor region of the sensor layer by conductive yarn knitted wales sensor area of ​​the outer surface is not in contact.

[0010] 本发明所述的导电纱线为镀银锦纶丝,电导率为0.516 Q/mm ;弹性纱线为锦纶/氨纶包芯纱;普通纱线为棉、羊毛、粘胶、涤纶、锦纶中的一种纯纺纱或几种混纺纱。 [0010] The electrically conductive yarn according to the present invention is a silver plated nylon yarn, conductivity of 0.516 Q / mm; elastic yarns of nylon / spandex; ordinary cotton yarn, wool, rayon, polyester, nylon of one or more pure blended yarn.

[0011] 本发明所述的传感器横列区域和传感器纵行区域分别与外部导电引线相连。 [0011] courses sensor and the sensor region of the longitudinal region of the present invention are connected to the external conductive leads.

[0012] 本发明还提供一种上述针织柔性传感器的制备方法,该传感器在双针床电脑横机上编织,其特征在于:前、后针床的织针分别在电子选针装置的选针和对应导纱器的分区垫纱的配合下进行编织,形成上传感器层区域、下传感器层区域和连接区域。 [0012] The present invention also provides a method for preparing the above-described knitting of the flexible sensor, the sensor is knitted on a double needle bed flat knitting machine, comprising: front and rear needle bed of the knitting needle are selected from the electronic needle selection in the needle device and woven with the yarn guide corresponding to the lapping of the partition, is formed on the sensor layer region, the lower region and the connection region of the sensor layer.

[0013] 本发明在编织上传感器层区域时,前针床被选中的织针,经对应添纱导纱器的分区垫纱,将导电纱线和弹性纱线编织成圈形成传感器横列区域,将普通纱线和弹性纱线编织成圈形成上、下侧非传感器横列区域;在传感器横列区域与位于其上侧和下侧的两个非传感器横列区域的交界处,前针床织针不垫入新纱线但正常脱圈使线圈纵行中断。 [0013] In the present invention, the knitting area the sensor layer, the front needle bed of the knitting needles selected by the corresponding plating carrier's partition lapping, the knitting yarn and the elastic conductive yarn stitch course formed in the sensor region, ordinary yarn and the elastic yarn knit is formed on the lower side of the non-sensor area course; junction of two non-sensor area of ​​the sensor row region course located on the upper side and lower side, front needle bed without knitting needle the new pad into the retainer ring so that the yarn, but normally wale break.

[0014] 本发明在编织下传感器层区域时,后针床被选中的织针,经对应添纱导纱器的分区垫纱,将导电纱线编织成圈形成传感器纵行区域,将普通纱线和弹性纱线编织成圈形成左、右侧非传感器纵行区域;在传感器纵行区域与位于其左侧和右侧的两个非传感器纵行区域的交界处,导纱器的分区垫纱使导电纱线和弹性纱线编织的线圈与普通纱线编织的线圈之间没有重叠,使线圈横列中断。 [0014] In the present invention, the sensor layer region braided, checked back needle bed knitting needles, warp thread corresponding to the thread guide Tim lapping partition, the conductive yarn knit wales forming a sensor region, the standard yarn line and the elastic yarn knit form the left and right longitudinal non-sensor area; sensor wales and the junction region wales two non-sensor area located left and right, the yarn guide partition pad and an elastic conductive yarn so that the yarn is no overlap between the coil and the ordinary knitting yarn knitting yarn coil, the coil interrupt course.

[0015] 本发明前、后针床被选中的织针,经对应导纱器的垫纱,将普通纱线编织成圈形成连接区域;在连接区域与上、下传感器层区域的交界线圈纵行处,相邻分区的两个导纱器之间重叠垫纱形成双线圈纵行,使连接区域分别与上、下传感器层区域在横向连接;在连接区域与上、下传感器层区域的交界线圈横列处,相邻的两线圈横列在纵行方向穿套使连接区域分别与上、下传感器层区域在纵向连接。 [0015] Before the invention, the rear needle bed of the knitting needle selected by the corresponding yarn guide lapping, the knitting yarn looping common connection region is formed; in the connecting region, the sensor layer region at the boundary wale row, the partition between the two adjacent yarn guides form a double overlapping lapping wale, the connecting area, respectively, the lower sensor layer regions connected laterally; in connection with the upper region, the lower region of the sensor layer rows of stitches at the boundary, the two adjacent rows of stitches in the wale direction of the connecting region sleeved respectively on the lower layer region in the longitudinal direction connected to the sensor.

[0016] 本发明与现有技术相比具有以下优点:该针织柔性传感器结构设计合理,当传感器受到双向拉伸载荷时,上传感器层区域中的传感器横列区域只感应横向载荷产生横向应变,下传感器层区域中的传感器纵行区域只感应纵向载荷产生纵向应变,因此可以分别测量横向和纵向的应变;其次,该传感器是通过连续编织并加入了弹性纱线制成,结构整体性、延伸性、弹性回复性、重现性良好;此外,该传感器可以编织或集成在针织服装上,制成可感知人体姿势与动作的监测服;再者,该传感器可以在电脑横机上制备,生产工艺简单、自动化程度高。 [0016] The present invention has the following advantages over the prior art: The knitting structure design of the flexible sensor, when the sensor is subjected to biaxial stretching load, the sensor region on the sensor layer region course only transverse lateral load induced strain, the longitudinal sensor area of ​​the sensor layer region produce only longitudinal loads induced longitudinal strain, it is possible to measure the horizontal and vertical strain, respectively; secondly, the sensor is added by continuously knitting a yarn made of elastic, structural integrity, extensibility , elastic recovery, good reproducibility; in addition, the sensor may be integrated on a woven or knitted garments, clothing made perceptible to monitor postural and action; Furthermore, the sensor may be prepared on a computer horizontal plane, the production process is simple ,high degree of automation.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0017] 图1是本发明的一个实施例的线圈结构示意图; [0017] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the coil construction of an embodiment of the present invention;

图2是本发明导纱器的排列方式示意图;图3是本发明所述的连接区域局部编织示意图; FIG 2 is a schematic arrangement of the yarn feeder of the present invention; FIG. 3 is connected to a partial region of the present invention, a schematic view of the knitting;

图4是本发明所述的非传感器横列区域局部编织示意图; FIG 4 is a non-sensor area of ​​the course of the present invention is a partial schematic view of the knitting;

图5是本发明所述的传感器横列区域局部编织示意图; FIG 5 is a sensor region of said row of knitting a partial schematic view of the present invention;

图6是本发明传感器横列区域与非传感器横列区域在交界处纵行中断的编织示意图。 FIG 6 is a schematic view of the knitting course of the present invention, the sensor region and the non-sensor area at the junction of course wale interrupted. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0018] 下面结合附图与具体实施方式对本发明作进一步详细描述: [0018] The present invention will be described in further detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings DETAILED DESCRIPTION:

参见图1,图1中实际的该传感器织物线圈结构紧密,上传感器层区域将下传感器层区域覆盖,不能同时看到这两个区域,为此该图绘制的较稀松,以说明问题,本发明包括正面传感器层区域102、103、104、反面传感器层区域106、107、108和连接区域101 (为了减小线圈结构图的大小并说明问题,上下传感器层区域与连接区域只画出了少量线圈纵行与横列)。 Referring to Figure 1, the sensor in the actual fabric 1 tightly coil structure, the lower layer region over the sensor area coverage sensor layer, both regions can not be seen, for relatively drawing the scrim to illustrate the problem, the present the invention includes a front sensor layer regions 102, 103, 106, 107, opposite the sensor layer region and the connection region 101 (FIG. in order to reduce the size of the coil structure and description of the problem, the upper and lower sensor layer region and the connection region shown only a small amount of wale and course). 正面传感器层区域由测量水平方向拉伸应变的传感器横列区域103、位于其上下侧的非传感器横列区域104及102组成;传感器横列区域103与其上、下侧的非传感器横列区域104及102之间在纵行方向没有连接,纵行中断区域105分别位于传感器横列区域103与非传感器横列区域102及104之间,这样当双向拉伸时传感器横列区域只能感测横向拉伸应变。 Their course between the sensor region 103, the non-sensor area course 104 and lower 102; a front layer region stretching from the measurement sensor in the horizontal direction of the strain sensor row area 103, located upper and lower sides of the non-sensor area 104 courses and 102 Composition not connected to the wale direction, longitudinal regions 105 are positioned between the interrupt sensor 103 and the non-sensor area courses course regions 102 and 104, so that when the biaxially stretched course area sensor can sense the transverse stretching strain. 反面传感器层区域由测量垂直方向拉伸应变的传感器纵行区域107、位于其左右侧的非传感器纵行区域106及108组成;传感器纵行区域107与其左、右侧的非传感器纵行区域106及108之间在横列方向没有连接,即第12、14纵行之间、第20、22纵行之间在横列方向中断,这样当双向拉伸时传感器纵行区域只能感测纵向拉伸应变。 Layer region opposite the sensor by the tensile strain sensor measuring vertical longitudinal regions 107, the non-sensor area in its longitudinal left and right sides 106 and 108 composed; wale sensor region 107 and its left, the non-sensor area to the right of wale 106 between 108 and not connected to the row direction, i.e. between the wales 12, 14, 20, 22 between the wales in the course direction interrupted, so that when the biaxially stretched longitudinal zone sensor sensing only longitudinal stretching strain. 连接区域101与正反面传感器层区域102、103、104、106、107、108在第4和第29纵行形成双线圈,分别实现左侧及右侧的横向连接;连接区域101与正反面传感器层区域102、106、107、108在横列2(图中左侧的字符,横线之前的数字表示线圈横列序号,横线之后的字符表示编织该横列时电脑横机机头横移的顺序,以下同)与横列3的线圈`套,实现下侧纵向连接;连接区域101与正反面传感器层区域104、106、107、108在横列26与横列27的线圈串套,实现上侧纵向连接。 Connection region 101 and the n-layer region opposite the sensor 102,103,104,106,107,108 form a double coil 4 and wales 29, respectively, to achieve the left and right of the transverse connection; connection region 101 and the positive and negative 102,106,107,108 digital sensor layer region before (left side in FIG characters, horizontal course number 2 indicates a stitch course, after the dash indicates the character sequence when the knitting course of the computerized flat knitting machine head traverse , hereinafter the same) and the sleeve 3 'of the coil row, to achieve a lower side longitudinal attachment; connect the front and back regions 101 of the sensor layer 26 and the region 104,106,107,108 a knitting course in the sets of strings 27 connected to the longitudinal side of the implement . 正面传感器层区域和反面传感器层区域之间大小相等、彼此重合,两者之间没有纱线连接。 Region is equal between the sensor face and the back layer sensor layer region size, coincide with each other, there is no connection between the two threads.

[0019] 上、下传感器层区域均为平针添纱组织,其中传感器横列区域103和传感器纵行区域107由电导率为0.516 Q /mm的镀银锦纶丝与锦纶/氨纶包芯弹性纱添纱编织而成,非传感器横列区域102与104及非传感器纵行区域106与108由普通纱线与锦纶/氨纶包芯弹性纱构成;上传感器层区域中由锦纶/氨纶包芯弹性纱编织的内表面与下传感器层区域中由锦纶/氨纶包芯弹性纱编织的内表面相接触,而均位于外表面的由镀银锦纶导电纱编织的传感器横列区域103与传感器纵行区域107之间没有接触,不会造成这两个传感器的短路。 [0019] on the sensor layer are flat region of the lower needle plaiting tissue, wherein the sensor region 103 and the row sensor 107 by the area wale conductivity of 0.516 Q / mm silver-plated nylon yarn and nylon / spandex covered elastic yarn Tim yarn woven, non-sensor area 102 and the row 104 and the non-sensor 106 and the longitudinal region 108 is made common with the nylon yarn / spandex covered elastic yarn; layer region on the sensor by the elastic yarn nylon / spandex core braided the inner surface in contact with the lower surface of the sensor layer region by nylon / spandex covered elastic yarn knitted in, and are located on the outer surface of the silver-plated nylon conductive knitting course area sensor 103 and sensor 107 no region between wales contacts, will not cause a short circuit of the two sensors. 连接区域101为1+1罗纹组织,由普通纱线构成。 Connection region 101 is 1 + 1 rib structure, constituted by a common yarn. 锦纶/氨纶包芯弹性纱可以赋予上、下传感器层区域良好的拉伸弹性回复性,使传感器保持良好的重现性。 Nylon / spandex covered elastic yarn can be imparted on the sensor layer region under good elastic recovery property, the sensor maintaining good reproducibility.

[0020] 这种针织柔性传感器的工作原理如下:当传感器受到纵横双向拉伸力作用而产生应变时,由导电纱线组成的传感器纵行区域及传感器横列区域的导电网络电阻值将分别发生变化,通过引线203、204和201、202以及万用电表等,分别对两个传感器的电阻值进行测量,即可获得纵横双向各自的拉伸应变。 Working Principle [0020] This knitted fabric of the flexible sensor is as follows: when the sensor is subjected to vertically and horizontally to generate a tensile strain forces, conducting the resistance value of the sensor network and the sensor area wale course of an electrically conductive yarns region will change respectively ,, respectively, the resistance values ​​measured by two sensors 203, 204 and leads 201, 202 and the like multimeter, a respective vertically and horizontally to obtain a tensile strain.

[0021] 参见图2,在双针床电脑横机上编织上述针织柔性传感器时,需要采用多个导纱器并分区垫纱,各个导纱器分别配置在相应的导轨上,横机机头往复横移时可以控制各个导纱器的横移动程。 [0021] Referring to Figure 2, when knitting the knitted fabric on a double needle bed flexible sensor computerized flat knitting machine, a plurality of yarn guides need lapping and partitions, each of the yarn guides are arranged on a respective rail cross machine head reciprocally control each yarn guide path when moving cross traverse. 其中:导纱器111穿普通纱线,用于编织连接区域101的上、下边缘若干横列和左边缘若干纵行;导纱器112为添纱导纱器,穿普通纱线与锦纶/氨纶包芯纱,用于编织非传感器横列区域102和104 ;导纱器113为添纱导纱器,穿镀银锦纶丝与锦纶/氨纶包芯纱,用于编织传感器横列区域103 ;导纱器114为添纱导纱器,穿普通纱线与锦纶/氨纶包芯纱,用于编织非传感器纵行区域106 ;导纱器115为添纱导纱器,穿镀银锦纶丝与锦纶/氨纶包芯纱,用于编织传感器纵行区域107 ;导纱器116为添纱导纱器,穿普通纱线与锦纶/氨纶包芯纱,用于编织非传感器纵行区域108 ;导纱器117穿普通纱线,用于编织连接区域101右边缘的第3到26横列。 Wherein: the thread guide 111 through the common yarn for knitting connection region 101 and lower edges of the left edge of the plurality of several courses and wales; yarn guide 112 to the plating carrier is, ordinary wear and nylon yarn / Spandex yarn, a non-woven sensor course regions 102 and 104; the yarn guide 113 to the plating carrier, a wear silver nylon yarn and nylon / spandex, courses for knitting the sensor region 103; the yarn guide 114 is a plating carrier, a wearing ordinary yarns nylon / spandex, a non-woven wales sensor region 106; the yarn guide 115 to the plating carrier, a wear silver nylon yarn and nylon / spandex yarn, a knitted wale sensor region 107; the yarn guide 116 to the plating carrier, a wearing ordinary yarns nylon / spandex, a non-woven wales sensor region 108; the yarn guide 117 wearing ordinary yarn for knitting course of 3-26 connection region 101 of the right edge.

[0022] 参见图3,横机机头第一次右移IR和第一次左移IL并配合导纱器111的垫纱,完成连接区域101下边缘第1、2横列的编织,连接区域其它横列的编织原理相似;图中第I至第4枚针表示连接区域101的左边缘纵行,最后4枚针表示连接区域101的右边缘纵行。 [0022] Referring to Figure 3, a cross-machine head first IR and the first right and left IL lapping mating thread guide 111, 101 to complete the lower edge region connecting the first and second knitting course, the connection region other similar principle course of knitting; FIG. I to 4-pin connection region 101 represents a left edge wale, the last four-pin connection region 101 represents a right edge wale.

[0023] 参见图4,机头第二次右移2R时,导纱器111及117分别对左侧及右侧各4枚针垫纱进行连接区域编织;添纱导纱器112对前针床中间12枚针以及12枚针左、右侧各I枚连接区域的针垫纱,编织非传感器横列区域102的第3横列,并在第4枚针和第29枚针上形成双线圈(同心圆所示),使得非传感器横列区域102与连接区域101在横向连接。 [0023] Referring to Figure 4, when the second right head 2R, the yarn guide 111 and 117 respectively on the left and right of each cushion pin 4 knitting yarn connecting region; Tim yarn thread guide on the front needle 112 intermediate the needle bed 12 and the needle 12 right and left side of each connected I needles and yarn laying area, the non-sensor course knitting courses of the third region 102 and dual coil formed on the first pin 4 and pin 29 (concentric circle shown), so that the non-sensor area 102 and the row 101 is connected to the lateral connection region. [0024] 机头第二次左移2L时系统不编织,为了避免导纱器的纱线在进行下一次编织时产生浮线。 [0024] The second head when the system is not left 2L knitting yarn guide in order to avoid yarn floats generated when performing a next knitting.

[0025] 机头第三次右移3R时,后针床中间的12枚织针从左到右分为三组,每4枚针为一组,添纱导纱器114、115和116分别对这三组织针垫纱,形成非传感器纵行区域106、传感器纵行区域107和非传感器纵行区域108 ;由于导纱器115与相邻的导纱器114及116在垫纱范围上不重合,因此使得传感器纵行区域107与非传感器纵行区域106和108在横列方向上不连接。 [0025] When the third right head 3R, the rear needle bed in the middle of the knitting needles 12 from left to right into three groups, each as a set of four pins, plating yarn thread guide 114, 115 and 116, respectively, these three tissues lapping needle, forming a non-sensor longitudinal region 106, the sensor region 107 and a non-longitudinal wales sensor region 108; 115 since the yarn guide and the adjacent yarn guide 114, and 116 are not in the lapping range coincide, so that the sensor region 107 and the non-longitudinal wales sensor regions 106 and 108 are not connected in the course direction.

[0026] 机头第三次左移3L时,导纱器117及111分别对右侧及左侧各4枚针垫纱进行连接区域编织;添纱导纱器116、115和114分别对后针床三组织针垫纱形成非传感器纵行区域108、传感器纵行区域107和非传感器纵行区域106,同时导纱器116和114还分别对第29枚针及第4枚针垫纱,在这两枚针上形成双线圈,使得非传感器纵行区域108及106与连接区域101在横向连接。 When [0026] the third left head 3L, the yarn guide 117 and 111, respectively, on right and left sides of each pin cushion four knitting yarn connecting region; Tim yarn yarn feeder respectively after 116,115 and 114 three pin needle bed lapping tissue 108, sensor 107 and a longitudinal non-sensor area wale region 106 is formed a non-sensor area of ​​wales, while the thread guide 116 and 114, respectively, are also the first 29 and second pin 4-pin lapping, this dual coil formed on two needles, so that the connection region 108 and the non-sensor 106 and the longitudinal region 101 is connected in the transverse direction.

[0027] 机头第四次右移4R时系统不编织,为了避免导纱器的纱线在进行下一次编织时 When [0027] the fourth head the system is not shifted to the right 4R knitting yarn to prevent the yarn guide is performed under a weaving

产生浮线。 Produce float.

[0028] 机头第四次左移4L时,添纱导纱器112对前针床中间12枚针垫纱,编织非传感器横列区域102的第4横列。 When [0028] the fourth left nose 4L, plating carrier Intermediate 112 pairs of front needle bed 12 needles lapping, the knitting course non-sensor area 102 in the fourth row.

[0029] 因此,机头经过三次往复横移,编织出了两个完整的线圈横列3和4。 [0029] Thus, after three reciprocally traversing head, two complete weave knitting courses 3 and 4. 非传感器横列区域102及104其它横列的编织原理与之相似。 Principle knitting course 102 and the other 104 of the non-sensor area course similar.

[0030] 参见图5,表示传感器横列区域103的编织原理。 [0030] Referring to Figure 5, showing the principle of the sensor region 103 knitting courses. 与图4不同的是,机头在IOR和12L横移时,添纱导纱器113对前针床中间12枚针以及12枚针左右侧各I枚连接区域的针垫纱,编织传感器横列区域103的第9、10横列,并在第4枚针和第29枚针上形成双线圈(同心圆所示),使得传感器横列区域103与连接区域101在横向连接。 FIG 4 is different from, and when the head traverse the IOR 12L, plating carrier 113 intermediate the front needle bed 12 needles and a needle connected to a pad region of each yarn I side pieces 12 around the needle, the knitting course sensor the first region 103 of the row 9, 10, and form a double coil (shown concentrically) on the first pin 4 and pin 29, such that the sensor region 103 and the row 101 is connected to the lateral connection region. 传感器横列区域103的其它横列的编织原理与之相似。 Regions of other knitting course the principles of sensor 103. Similarly course.

[0031] 参见图6,机头在8R和9L横移时,添纱导纱器114、115和116对后针床中间三组各4枚针垫纱,形成非传感器纵行区域106、传感器纵行区域107和非传感器纵行区域108。 [0031] Referring to Figure 6, when the head traverse 8R and 9L, plating carrier 114, 115 and 116 pairs intermediate the rear needle bed 4 three groups pincushion yarn, non-sensor longitudinal region 106 is formed, the sensor longitudinal region 107 and the non-sensor area 108 wales.

[0032] 机头9R横移时,前针床中间12枚针不垫入新的纱线,但正常脱圈,使得传感器横列区域103与非传感器横列区域102在纵行方向断开连接。 [0032] When the head traverse 9R, the intermediate front needle bed 12 into the needle mat is not new yarn, but normally off circle, so that the row sensor 103 and the non-sensor area region 102 courses in the wale direction is disconnected.

[0033] 机头8L横移时系统不编织,为了避免导纱器的纱线在进行下一次编织时产生浮线。 [0033] When the knitting head 8L traversing system is not, in order to avoid yarn guide a yarn floats generated when performing a next knitting.

[0034] 传感器横列区域103与非传感器横列区域104在纵行方向断开连接的编织原理与之相似。 [0034] The principle of the sensor knitting course 103 and the non-sensor area course in the wale direction of the region 104 disconnected similar.

[0035] 虽然本发明已以实施例公开如上,但其并非用以限定本发明的保护范围,任何熟悉该项技术的技术人员,在不脱离本发明的构思和范围内所作的更动与润饰,均应属于本发明的保护范围。 [0035] While the invention has been disclosed in the above embodiments, but not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, any person skilled in the art in the art, without departing from the modifications and variations made within the spirit and scope of the invention , it should belong to the scope of the present invention. · ·

Claims (11)

1.一种用于测量双向拉伸应变的针织柔性传感器,其特征在于:包括上传感器层区域、下传感器层区域和连接区域;上传感器层区域由一个测量水平方向拉伸应变的传感器横列区域和两个非传感器横列区域组成,传感器横列区域位于其上侧和下侧的两个非传感器横列区域之间,传感器横列区域和非传感器横列区域在在交界处纵行方向没有连接;下传感器层区域由一个测量垂直方向拉伸应变的传感器纵行区域和两个非传感器纵行区域组成,传感器纵行区域位于其左侧和右侧的非传感器纵行区域之间,传感器纵行区域与非传感器纵行区域在交界处横列方向没有连接;上传感器层区域和下传感器层区域之间没有纱线连接;连接区域分别与上传感器层区域和下传感器层区域连接。 1. A method of measuring strain biaxially stretched flexible sensor for knitting, wherein: the sensor includes an upper layer region, the sensor and the connection region of the lower layer region; row sensor region on the sensor layer region strain stretch in the horizontal direction by one measurement and two non-sensor area composed of course, the sensor row region is located between two non-sensor area courses which the upper and lower sides, and the non-sensor area of ​​the sensor row region course in the wale direction, is not connected at the junction; lower sensor layer a measurement area in the vertical direction by the tensile strain sensor region and two longitudinal non-sensor area composed of wales, longitudinal region of the sensor, the sensor area and the non wales wales between the non-sensor area of ​​the left and right sides sensor wales in the course direction is not connected region junction; there is no connection between the yarn and the lower layer region on the sensor region of the sensor layer; connection area are connected to the sensor and the lower sensor layer region layer regions.
2.根据权利要求1所述的用于测量双向拉伸应变的针织柔性传感器,其特征在于:所述的上传感器层区域中,传感器横列区域由导电纱线和弹性纱线编织形成平针添纱组织,导电纱线是面纱位于上传感器层的外表面,弹性纱线是地纱位于上传感器层的内表面;两个非传感器横列区域由普通纱线和弹性纱线编织形成平针添纱组织,普通纱线是面纱位于上传感器层的外表面,弹性纱线是地纱位于上传感器层的内表面。 The knitting biaxially stretched flexible sensor for measuring strain according to claim 1, wherein: said upper layer region of the sensor, the sensor row region and a conductive yarn knitted elastic yarn forming plain knitting Tim yarn tissue, veil conductive yarn is located on the outer surface of the sensor layer, the elastic yarn is a ground yarn located on the inner surface of the sensor layer; two non-sensor area by the ordinary course yarn and the elastic yarn is formed with plain-stitch knitting plaiting organization, general veil yarns are positioned on the outer surface of the sensor layer, the elastic yarn is a ground yarn located on the inner surface of the sensor layer.
3.根据权利要求1所述的用于测量双向拉伸应变的针织柔性传感器,其特征在于:所述的下传感器层区域中,传感器纵行区域由导电纱线和弹性纱线编织形成平针添纱组织,导电纱线是面纱位于下传感器层的外表面,弹性纱线是地纱位于下传感器层的内表面;两个非传感器纵行区域由普通纱线和弹性纱线编织形成平针添纱组织,普通纱线是面纱位于下传感器层的外表面,弹性纱线是地纱位于下传感器层的内表面。 The knitting biaxially stretched flexible sensor for measuring strain according to claim 1, wherein: the lower layer region of the sensor, the sensor area of ​​wales conductive yarn and elastic yarn form a flat knitting needles plaiting tissue, veil conductive yarn is located in the outer surface of the sensor layer, the elastic yarn is a ground yarn sensor located within the surface of the lower layer; two non-sensor area by a common wale yarn and the elastic yarn form a flat knitting needles plaiting tissue, the veil is located in the normal yarn layer outer surface of the sensor, the elastic yarn is a ground yarn sensor located within the surface of the lower layer.
4.根据权利要求1所述的用于测量双向拉伸应变的针织柔性传感器,其特征在于:所述的连接区域的组织结构为1+1罗纹组织,由普通纱线编织而成;连接区域与上、下传感器层区域在左、右侧交界处的线圈纵行重叠,从而形成左、右侧的横向连接;连接区域与上、下传感器层区域在上、下侧交界处的线圈横列串套,从而形成上、下侧的纵向连接。 According to claim 1 for measuring the two-way stretch knit flexible strain sensor, wherein: the organizational structure of the connecting region is 1 + 1 rib stitch knitting yarns made by one of ordinary; connection region and on the left and the right boundary wale at the overlap, thereby forming the left and right side of the lower lateral connection region of the sensor layer; upper, lower layer region on the sensor, the coil string course at the lower side of the junction connection region sets, thus formed, connected to the lower longitudinal side.
5.根据权利要求1、2或3所述的用于测量双向拉伸应变的针织柔性传感器,其特征在于:所述的上传感器层区域和下传感器层区域两者大小相等、彼此重合;上传感器层区域弹性纱线编织的内表面与下传感器层区域弹性纱线编织的内表面相接触,而上传感器层区域由导电纱线编织的位于外表面的传感器横列区域与下传感器层区域由导电纱线编织的位于外表面的传感器纵行区域没有接`触。 Both equal to the size of a region on the sensor layer region and a lower sensor layer, coincide with each other; on: The biaxially stretched knitted flexible sensor for measuring strain is 1, 2 or claim 3, characterized in that the inner surface of the sensor layer region elastic yarn knitted in contact with the inner surface of the yarn weaving the lower region of the elastic layer sensor, the sensor and the upper layer region by the conductive yarn woven on the outer surface of the sensor region of the lower course of a conductive sensor layer region the sensor region of the outer longitudinal surface yarns do not weave `contact touch.
6.根据权利要求2、3或4所述的用于测量双向拉伸应变的针织柔性传感器,其特征在于:所述的导电纱线为镀银锦纶丝,电导率为0.516 Q/mm ;弹性纱线为锦纶/氨纶包芯纱;普通纱线为棉、羊毛、粘胶、涤纶、锦纶中的一种纯纺纱或几种混纺纱。 The knitted bi flexible sensor for measuring tensile strain of 3 or claim 4, wherein: said conductive silver nylon filament yarns, conductivity of 0.516 Q / mm; Elastic yarns nylon / spandex; blended yarn ordinary cotton, wool, rayon, polyester, nylon yarn of one or more pure.
7.根据权利要求1、2或3所述的用于测量双向拉伸应变的针织柔性传感器,其特征在于:传感器横列区域和传感器纵行区域分别与外部导电引线相连。 Or for measuring according to claim 3 as claimed in claim 1, 2 knitting biaxially oriented flexible strain sensor, wherein: the sensor and the sensor area course wales region connected to an external conductive leads, respectively.
8.根据权利要求1所述的用于测量双向拉伸应变的针织柔性传感器的制备方法,该针织柔性传感器在双针床电脑横机上编织,其特征在于:前、后针床的织针分别在电子选针装置的选针和对应导纱器的分区垫纱的配合下进行编织,形成上传感器层区域、下传感器层区域和连接区域。 The knitting method of preparing a flexible sensor for measuring strain according to a biaxially oriented claimed in claim 1, the flexible sensor knitted on double needle bed knitting machine computer, comprising: front and rear needle bed respectively knitting needle woven pad in cooperation with the partition yarn needle selection and the corresponding electronic yarn guide needle selector is formed on the sensor layer region, the lower region and the connection region of the sensor layer.
9.根据权利要求8所述的用于测量双向拉伸应变的针织柔性传感器的制备方法,其特征在于:编织上传感器层区域时,前针床被选中的织针,经对应添纱导纱器的分区垫纱,将导电纱线和弹性纱线编织成圈形成传感器横列区域,将普通纱线和弹性纱线编织成圈形成上、下侧非传感器横列区域;在传感器横列区域与位于其上侧和下侧的两个非传感器横列区域的交界处,前针床织针不垫入新纱线但正常脱圈使线圈纵行中断。 9. A method of preparing a flexible sensor for measuring a knitted bi tensile strain according to claim 8, wherein: when the braid layer region on the sensor, the front needle bed of the knitting needles selected by the corresponding plating carrier partition mat yarn, the conductive yarn and the elastic yarn course knit regions formed in the sensor, the normal knitting stitch yarn and the elastic yarn is formed on the lower side of the row non-sensor area; in a region located course sensor two courses at the junction of the non-sensor area of ​​the upper and lower sides, the front needle bed into a knitting needle mat is not new but a normal retainer ring so that the yarn wale break.
10.根据权利要求8所述的用于测量双向拉伸应变的针织柔性传感器的制备方法,其特征在于:编织下传感器层区域时,后针床被选中的织针,经对应添纱导纱器的分区垫纱,将导电纱线编织成圈形成传感器纵行区域,将普通纱线和弹性纱线编织成圈形成左、右侧非传感器纵行区域;在传感器纵行区域与位于其左侧和右侧的两个非传感器纵行区域的交界处,导纱器的分区垫纱使导电纱线和弹性纱线编织的线圈与普通纱线编织的线圈之间没有重叠,使线圈横列中断。 10. A method of preparing a flexible sensor for measuring a knitted bi tensile strain according to claim 8, wherein: the lower layer when knitting area sensor back needle bed knitting needles selected by the corresponding plating carrier partition the yarn mat, the formed conductive yarn knit wales sensor area, ordinary yarn and elastic yarn knit form the left and right non-sensor longitudinal region; the region of the sensor in its longitudinal left two right side and the non-junction region of the sensor longitudinal partition lapping yarn guide so that there is no overlap between the coil and the coil ordinary yarn braided conductive yarn and elastic yarn knitted, the coil interrupt course .
11.根据权利要求8所述的用于测量双向拉伸应变的针织柔性传感器的制备方法,其特征在于:前、后针床被选中的织针,经对应导纱器的垫纱,将普通纱线编织成圈形成连接区域;在连接区域与上、下传感器层区域的交界线圈纵行处,相邻分区的两个导纱器之间重叠垫纱形成双线圈纵行,使连接区域分别与上、下传感器层区域在横向连接;在连接区域与上、下传感器层区域的交界线圈横列处,相邻的两线圈横列在纵行方向穿套使连接区域分别与上、下传感器层区域在纵向连接。 The production method of the flexible sensor for measuring a knitted bi tensile strain according to claim 8, wherein: the front and rear needle bed of the knitting needle is selected by the corresponding yarn guide lapping, ordinary yarn knit connection region is formed; in the connecting region, the boundary wale at the lower region of the sensor layer, forming a double overlapping lapping wale partitions between adjacent two yarn guides, the connecting region respectively, the lower sensor layer connected to the upper region laterally; in the upper connecting region, the boundary layer region of the sensor coil of course, the two adjacent rows of stitches in the wale direction of the connecting region sleeved respectively on the lower sensor layer region in the longitudinal direction are connected.
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