CN103652726A - Lotus root starch manufacturing technology based on complete utilization of lotus root - Google Patents

Lotus root starch manufacturing technology based on complete utilization of lotus root Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103652726A
CN103652726A CN201310661061.8A CN201310661061A CN103652726A CN 103652726 A CN103652726 A CN 103652726A CN 201310661061 A CN201310661061 A CN 201310661061A CN 103652726 A CN103652726 A CN 103652726A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
lotus root
lotus
juice
quality
drying
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201310661061.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103652726B (en
Inventor
陈纯彬
陈利华
邵平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ZHEJIANG YIPAI FOOD Co Ltd
Original Assignee
ZHEJIANG YIPAI FOOD Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by ZHEJIANG YIPAI FOOD Co Ltd filed Critical ZHEJIANG YIPAI FOOD Co Ltd
Priority to CN201310661061.8A priority Critical patent/CN103652726B/en
Publication of CN103652726A publication Critical patent/CN103652726A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103652726B publication Critical patent/CN103652726B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L33/00Modifying nutritive qualities of foods; Dietetic products; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L19/00Products from fruits or vegetables; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L19/01Instant products; Powders; Flakes; Granules
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L19/00Products from fruits or vegetables; Preparation or treatment thereof
    • A23L19/10Products from fruits or vegetables; Preparation or treatment thereof of tuberous or like starch containing root crops
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23VINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO FOODS, FOODSTUFFS OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES
    • A23V2002/00Food compositions, function of food ingredients or processes for food or foodstuffs

Abstract

The invention discloses a lotus root starch manufacturing technology based on complete utilization of lotus root. The technology comprises the following steps: washing fresh lotus roots, peeling, grinding, then soaking the lotus roots in a color fixing solution, adding pectase, cellulase and glucoamylase to carry out enzymatic hydrolysis, squeezing the mixed solution obtained after the enzymatic hydrolysis with a frame squeezer so as to obtain lotus root juice and lotus root dreg, carrying out vacuum condensation on the lotus root juice with a double-effect externally-heated vacuum evaporator so as to obtain lotus root condensed juice, adding lotus seed polysaccharide and lotus leaf flavones into the lotus root condensed juice, and freeze drying so as to obtain the lotus root juice powder; vacuum drying the lotus root dreg, then carrying out a superfine grinding process on the dried lotus root dreg so as to obtain the lotus root dreg powder; mixing the lotus root juice powder and the lotus root dreg powder, carrying out a microwave sterilization treatment on the mixed powder, and packing so as to obtain the lotus root starch. The technology utilizes composite enzyme to carry out enzymatic hydrolysis, improves the juice yield; individually processes the lotus root juice and the lotus root dreg, finally mixes the lotus root juice powder and the lotus root dreg powder, thus the original nutrients in lotus root can be maximally preserved, and the nutrient recovery rate is high.

Description

A kind of lotus root starch manufacture craft based on lotus rhizome complete utilization
One) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind ofly take lotus rhizome as raw material, by improving technology, improve the lotus root starch manufacture craft that lotus rhizome is worth utilization rate, belong to food processing technology field.
(2) background technology
Lotus root starch is being commonly called as of Lotus Root Starch, selects that high-quality lotus rhizome is separated through cleaning, pulverize, extracting, dehydration, dry etc. machining process is refining forms.Lotus root starch not only contains abundant starch, also contains the trace elements such as calcium, phosphorus, iron, easily digested, especially women is had to good nourishing health function.
According to < < Compendium of Materia Medica > > record " lotus root starch, taste is sweet, micro-hardship, property is flat.Diaphragm be can open, waist kidney and blood vessels, loose hemostasis mended, raw new blood." < < Compendium of Materia Medica > > smashes and soak clear powder and take, the benefit year of making light of one's life by commiting suicide.< < Chinese medicine voluminous dictionary > > lotus root starch-solution administration, promotes the production of body fluid, helps digestion, and in tune, appetizing, ventilation minute, clear exterior heat, He Yingwei, mends waist kidney, loose all stasis of bloods, raw all new blood.
Lotus root starch has kept the peculiar local flavor of lotus rhizome, and quality is pure, reconstitute rear sparkling and crystal-clear transparent, the delicate fragrance that has lotus rhizome of news, food have the sweet of lotus rhizome, fine and smooth lubricated.Be a kind of instant, be easy to digestion, nutritious desirable nourishing food, Shen Shou China people's likes all the time.
The processing technology of lotus root starch and equipment are distinguished to some extent according to production-scale difference.The lotus root starch technology developing as Yunnan Provincial Inst of Agricultural Machinery.Technological process is as follows: lotus rhizome one cleans-pulverizes an eddy flow and extracts separated-dehydration-dry metering packing one commodity lotus root starch.This equipment adopts eddy flow extraction separation method to extract separation, washing, concentrated refining lotus root starch, replaces the natural sedimentation method of conventional machining process and existing multi-stage mechanical centrifugal separation, makes compact equipment reliable, but does not consider the value of lotus root slag simultaneously.
In the dietary fiber chemical constitution that lotus rhizome is rich in, contain a lot of hydrophilic radicals, there is very strong retentiveness.Application number is the Chinese patent patent application of CN89102056.X, a kind of making method for instant lotus root starch is disclosed, the physical property of this patent is pulverized squeezing process can not destroy the structure of dietary fiber and the network structure being formed by macromolecular substances such as cellulose and starch, and lotus rhizome crushing juice rate is lower.The plurality of enzymes system of complex enzyme can carry out enzymolysis to each composition for the characteristic of dietary fiber variation component, reduces the retentiveness of dietary fiber.
Dietary fiber in lotus root slag can increase intestines peristalsis and defecation volume, prevent treating constipation, and reduces blood sugar, cholesterol, suppresses the toxicity of harmful substance.And current lotus root starch technique adopts the mode of removing lotus root slag to produce lotus root starch mostly.Application number is the Chinese patent patent application of CN20130013201.0, discloses a kind of production method of colorful health-care lotus root starch, and the lotus root slag in starching by filter cloth, the removal lotus root of sieving, causes the medical value of lotus root starch to reduce.Superfine communication technique can be processed into lotus root slag solubility and the absorption of human body amount that micro mist increases dietary fiber.
Lotus root starch can lose a large amount of nutriments in high temperature drying process, and increases with the prolongation of high-temperature time.Application number is the Chinese patent patent application of CN201110141316.9, a kind of preparation method of instant lotus root starch is disclosed, in dry run, granular lotus root starch is passed through to dryer heating, drying, while solving length, high temperature destroys the problem of heat-sensitive materials in lotus rhizome, causes the alimentary health-care function of lotus rhizome to decline.Vacuum and low temperature treatment technology can concentrate at relatively low temperature, dry lotus root juice, reduces the loss of the nutritional labelings such as vitamin, carbohydrate and protein.
(3) summary of the invention
This patent is intended to change processing thought and utilizes current existing technology to improve the nutritive value of the utilization of Nelumbo, maximization reservation lotus rhizome; In product, add Nelumbo nucifera extract to strengthen the health care that lotus root starch itself has simultaneously.
The technical scheme that this patent adopts is as follows:
A lotus root starch manufacture craft based on lotus rhizome complete utilization, described technique comprises the following steps:
(1) after fresh lotus rhizome cleans, removes the peel, in pulverizer, pulverize, cross 80 mesh sieves, the fresh lotus root after being pulverized, surveys its pH value, is recorded as a;
(2) preparation colour protecting liquid, the DL-malic acid of the citric acid that composition is 0.1~0.2wt%, the ascorbic acid of 0.1~0.2wt%, 0.2~0.3wt% and the Cys of 0.1~0.2wt%, solvent is water; Colour protecting liquid is added in the fresh lotus root after pulverizing to just submergence completely, gained mixed liquid dipping 3~6h, the pH value of mixed liquor is adjusted to 4.5, temperature is elevated to 50~60 ℃ (preferably 50 ℃), then add pectase, cellulase and carbohydrase, after mixing, at 50~60 ℃ (preferably 50 ℃) lower enzymolysis 3~4h, then adjust pH is a in step (1), be cooled to normal temperature, obtain the mixed liquor after enzymolysis; The quality consumption of described pectase is 0.02~0.03% of the fresh lotus root quality after pulverizing, and the quality consumption of cellulase is 0.6~0.7% of the fresh lotus root quality after pulverizing, and the quality consumption of carbohydrase is 0.03~0.04% of the fresh lotus root quality after pulverizing;
(3) mixed liquor after enzymolysis in step (2) is squeezed the juice with plate and frame squeezer, centrifuge is separated, obtains lotus root juice and lotus root slag;
(4) the lotus root juice that step (3) obtains carries out Vacuum Concentration through economic benefits and social benefits external heat cold boiler, Vacuum Concentration condition: 80~90 ℃ of effect temperature, the preferred 15min of the time of staying 15~20min(), the preferred 0.04MPa of relative vacuum degree 0.04~0.05MPa(); Two 50~55 ℃ of effect temperature, the preferred 0.097MPa of relative vacuum degree 0.097~0.099MPa(), 8~the 10%(that is concentrated into former lotus root juice quality preferably 10%), obtain lotus root juice concentrate, then add Semen Nelumbinis polysaccharide and lotus flavone, mix to obtain lotus root juice blend, then vacuum freeze drying obtains lotus root juice powder under the Absolute truth reciprocal of duty cycle of 20~30Pa, obtaining lotus root juice opaque amount is A; Described Semen Nelumbinis polysaccharide and lotus flavone add 0.04~0.05%(that quality is the fresh lotus root quality after pulverizing separately preferably 0.04%);
(5) the lotus root slag that step (3) obtains is through vacuum drying, dry relative vacuum degree is the preferred 0.08MPa of 0.08~0.09MPa(), 60~90 ℃ of baking temperatures, be dried to the mass content of moisture below 14%, 80 mesh sieves are pulverized and crossed to the dried lotus root slag of gained through pulverizer, then with ultramicro grinding vibrating ball-mill, process, obtain 2500 object lotus root ground-slags, gained lotus root ground-slag quality is B;
(6) lotus root juice powder and lotus root ground-slag are mixed according to mass ratio A:B, after microwave disinfection, pack, make described lotus root starch.
In described step (1), before described peeling, fresh lotus rhizome can first soak 3~5min in 50 ℃ of water, is convenient to peeling operation.Described pulverizer generally adopts beater grinder.
In described step (2), the composition of described colour protecting liquid is preferably the ascorbic acid of the citric acid of 0.15wt%, 0.15wt%, the DL-malic acid of 0.25wt% and the Cys of 0.15wt%, and solvent is water.
In described step (2), the described pH value by mixed liquor is adjusted to 4.5, conventionally adds diluted acid adjust pH, as the mass concentration citric acid that is 5%.
The look step of protecting in step (2) is in order to prevent the fresh lotus root brown stain after pulverizing.
After protecting look, carrying out enzymolysis, be owing to containing the more network structure being formed by macromolecular substances such as cellulose and starch in lotus rhizome, and mixed enzyme can be well by cytoclasis, so utilize conbined enzymolysis to soften lotus rhizome.
In described step (2), adjust pH is a in step (1), conventionally adds NaHCO 3adjust pH.
In described step (4), the technique of vacuum freeze drying is generally: with 1~5g:7.1cm 2ratio lotus root juice blend is injected to the material disc of vacuum freeze drier, put into freeze dryer and carry out vacuum freeze-drying, Absolute truth reciprocal of duty cycle is 20Pa~100Pa, and drying sublimation stage temperature of charge is-30~-35 ℃, final baking temperature can rise to 40 ℃, total drying time 18~20h.
In described step (5), vacuum drying condition is preferably: relative vacuum degree is 0.08MPa, drying process: 1h under 90 degree conditions, and 0.5h under 80 degree conditions, 1h under 70 degree conditions, the mass content that is dried to moisture under 60 degree conditions is below 14%.
In described step (5), described pulverizer generally adopts beater grinder.Ultramicro grinding vibrating ball-mill process conditions are preferably: exciting force 18kN, and mill Jie filling rate 55%, feed size 80 orders, charging rate 60kg/h, grinding time 20~30min, obtains 2500 object lotus root ground-slags.
Compare with existing technology, beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows:
1, the present invention, by lotus root juice and lotus root slag separate machined, gives corresponding processing method according to juice, different attribute and the effects of slag.Lotus rhizome is rich in dietary fiber---a kind of mixture that comprises the Multiple components such as cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, pectin and soluble polysaccharide, in structure, contain many hydrophilies group, have very strong water imbibition, water-retaining property and dilatancy, the crushing juice rate of common mechanical squeezing is lower.This patent employing complex enzyme carries out enzymolysis to the multiple different material component of dietary fiber makes lotus rhizome softening, and crushing juice rate reaches 83.5%; Dietary fiber is the necessary a kind of nutrient of human body, can reduce the incidence of internal organs disease, strengthens healthy, life-extending.This patent is processed into micro mist with superfine communication technique, and ultramicro grinding can be destroyed eucaryotic cell structure, material fineness can be machined to even nanoscale of micron, and the solubility, the promotion nutritional labeling that improve dietary fiber are absorption of human body.Lotus root juice and lotus root slag separate machined, finally mix and restore again, so the maximized nutritive value that retains lotus rhizome, and nutriment return rate is high.
2, adopt low temperature treatment technology.This patent adopts Vacuum Concentration and Vacuum Freezing & Drying Technology to process lotus root juice, high temperature while making lotus root juice avoid long in the process of concentrate drying, preserve to greatest extent the most nutritional labelings such as various vitamins, carbohydrate and protein in lotus rhizome, the lotus root of freeze-drying simultaneously juice powder thermal denaturation is few, rehydration is strong, instant capacity good, and nutrition return rate reaches 80%.
3, add Nelumbo nucifera extract.A little less than studies have shown that lotus rhizome water-soluble polysaccharide is to the scavenging action of superoxide anion, hydroxy radical is had to very strong scavenging action, and can effectively suppress H 2o 2the oxidative hemolysis of erythrocyte of induction, shows that Semen Nelumbinis polysaccharide has good anti-aging effects; Experimental results show that Flavonoids in Lotus Leaves has lowering blood-fat and reducing weight and the effect such as anti-oxidant, anti-ageing, antiviral simultaneously, and the purity of the Flavonoid substances extracting from lotus rhizome and productive rate all higher.The above-mentioned two kinds of Nelumbo nucifera extract of appropriate interpolation contribute to the health care that improves lotus rhizome to be worth.
(4) specific embodiment:
With specific embodiment, the inventive method is described further below, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to this.
Embodiment 1
(1) get 114 kilograms of fresh lotus roots, first with clear water, clean up, then use 50 ℃ of emerge in worm water 3min, clear water spray, peeling, fragmentation, adopts beater grinder, and fresh lotus root starch is broken, crosses 80 mesh sieves, obtains 100 kilograms of broken fresh lotus root weight, and the pH value that records fresh lotus root is 7.0;
(2) get 50 kg of water, add citric acid 75g, ascorbic acid 75g, DL-malic acid 125g, Cys 75g, is made into colour protecting liquid, colour protecting liquid injection is filled to the container of 100 kilograms of broken fresh lotus roots that cross to just fresh lotus root being covered, immersion 4h.Then add mass concentration and be 5% citric acid pH value is adjusted to 4.5, temperature is elevated to 50 ℃, then adds 30g pectase, 700g cellulase and 40g carbohydrase, after mixing under 50 degree enzymolysis 3h.Use afterwards NaHCO 3the pH of mixed liquor is adjusted to 7.0, and temperature is down to normal temperature, obtains the mixed liquor after enzymolysis;
(3) mixed liquor after the enzymolysis in container is squeezed the juice with plate and frame squeezer, centrifuge separation obtains lotus root juice and lotus root slag, and crushing juice rate reaches 83.5%; The fresh lotus root quality m4 that crushing juice rate=(the lotus root juice quality m1-colour protecting liquid quality m2-enzyme quality m3 used obtaining after centrifugal)/fragmentation is crossed.
(4) the lotus root juice obtaining through squeezing adopts economic benefits and social benefits external heat cold boiler to concentrate.Vacuum Concentration condition: 80~90 ℃ of effect temperature, time of staying 15min, relative vacuum degree 0.04MPa; Two 50~55 ℃ of effect temperature, relative vacuum degree 0.097MPa, be concentrated into 1/10 of former lotus root juice quality, obtain lotus root juice concentrate 13.5kg, then add Semen Nelumbinis polysaccharide (being purchased from Kang Lu bio tech ltd, Hunan) and each 40g of lotus flavone (being purchased from Kang Lu bio tech ltd, Hunan).Mix to obtain lotus root juice blend, then vacuum freeze drying obtains lotus root juice powder under the Absolute truth reciprocal of duty cycle of 20~30Pa, freeze-drying scheme is: with 1g:7.1cm 2ratio by lotus root juice blend infusion charging tray, put into freeze dryer and carry out vacuum freeze-drying, working vacuum degree is 20~30Pa, drying sublimation stage temperature of charge is-30~-35 ℃, final baking temperature can rise to 40 ℃, total drying time about 18h.Finally obtaining lotus root juice opaque amount is 2.8 kilograms, and the nutriment return rates such as carbohydrate, protein and vitamin reach 80%; Nutriment return rate=lotus root juice powder nutrients quality/fresh lotus root juice nutrients quality, calculates after choosing sample detection.
(5) first the lotus root slag after squeezing will carry out vacuum drying, removes unnecessary moisture.The dry alternating temperature vacuum drying mode that adopts, dry vacuum is 0.08MPa, 1h under 90 ℃ of conditions of baking temperature, 0.5h under 80 ℃ of conditions, 1h under 70 ℃ of conditions, is dried to moisture below 14% under 60 ℃ of conditions.Again 80 mesh sieves are pulverized and crossed to dried lotus root slag through beater grinder, then with ultramicro grinding vibrating ball-mill, process, process conditions are: exciting force 18kN, mill Jie filling rate 55%, feed size 80 orders, charging rate 60kg/h, grinding time 20min.Last lotus root ground-slag fineness is 2500 orders, and quality is 16 kilograms;
(6) 2.8kg lotus root juice powder and 16kg lotus root ground-slag are mixed by above-mentioned gained quality, then pack after 15min microwave disinfection, get final product to obtain finished product, make 18.8 kilograms of lotus root starch.
Embodiment 2
(1) get 114 kilograms of fresh lotus roots, first with clear water, clean up, then use 50 ℃ of emerge in worm water 3min, clear water spray, peeling, fragmentation, adopts beater grinder, and fresh lotus root starch is broken, crosses 80 mesh sieves, obtains 100 kilograms of broken fresh lotus root weight, and the pH value that records fresh lotus root is 7.0;
(2) get 50 kg of water, add citric acid 50g, ascorbic acid 50g, DL-malic acid 100g, Cys 50g, is made into colour protecting liquid, colour protecting liquid injection is filled to the container of 100 kilograms of broken fresh lotus roots that cross to just fresh lotus root being covered, immersion 5h.Then add mass concentration and be 5% citric acid pH value is adjusted to 4.5, temperature is elevated to 60 ℃, then adds 20g pectase, 600g cellulase and 30g carbohydrase, after mixing under 60 degree enzymolysis 4h.Use afterwards NaHCO 3the pH of mixed liquor is adjusted to 7.0, and temperature is down to normal temperature, obtains the mixed liquor after enzymolysis;
(3) mixed liquor after the enzymolysis in container is squeezed the juice with plate and frame squeezer, crushing juice rate reaches 83.2%, and centrifuge separation obtains lotus root juice and lotus root slag;
(4) the lotus root juice obtaining through squeezing adopts economic benefits and social benefits external heat cold boiler to concentrate.Vacuum Concentration condition: 80~90 ℃ of effect temperature, time of staying 20min, relative vacuum degree 0.05MPa; Two 50~55 ℃ of effect temperature, relative vacuum degree 0.099MPa, be concentrated into 8% of former lotus root juice quality, obtain lotus root juice concentrate 10.7kg, then add Semen Nelumbinis polysaccharide (being purchased from Kang Lu bio tech ltd, Hunan) and each 40g of lotus flavone (being purchased from Kang Lu bio tech ltd, Hunan).Mix to obtain lotus root juice blend, then vacuum freeze drying obtains lotus root juice powder under the Absolute truth reciprocal of duty cycle of 20~30Pa, freeze-drying scheme is: with 1g:7.1cm 2ratio by lotus root juice blend infusion charging tray, put into freeze dryer and carry out vacuum freeze-drying, working vacuum degree is 20~30Pa, drying sublimation stage temperature of charge is-30~-35 ℃, final baking temperature can rise to 40 ℃, total drying time about 20h.Finally obtaining lotus root juice opaque amount is 2.6 kilograms, and the nutriment return rates such as carbohydrate, protein and vitamin reach 80%;
(5) first the lotus root slag after squeezing will carry out vacuum drying, removes unnecessary moisture.The dry alternating temperature vacuum drying mode that adopts, dry vacuum is 0.08MPa, 1h under 90 ℃ of conditions of baking temperature, 0.5h under 80 ℃ of conditions, 1h under 70 ℃ of conditions, is dried to moisture below 14% under 60 ℃ of conditions.Again 80 mesh sieves are pulverized and crossed to dried lotus root slag through beater grinder, then with ultramicro grinding vibrating ball-mill, process, process conditions are: exciting force 18kN, mill Jie filling rate 55%, feed size 80 orders, charging rate 60kg/h, grinding time 20min.Last lotus root ground-slag fineness is 2500 orders, and quality is 16 kilograms;
(6) 2.6kg lotus root juice powder and 16kg lotus root ground-slag are mixed by above-mentioned gained quality, then pack after 15min microwave disinfection, get final product to obtain finished product, make 18.6 kilograms of lotus root starch.

Claims (5)

1. the lotus root starch manufacture craft based on lotus rhizome complete utilization, is characterized in that described technique comprises the following steps:
(1) after fresh lotus rhizome cleans, removes the peel, in pulverizer, pulverize, cross 80 mesh sieves, the fresh lotus root after being pulverized, surveys its pH value, is recorded as a;
(2) preparation colour protecting liquid, the DL-malic acid of the citric acid that composition is 0.1~0.2wt%, the ascorbic acid of 0.1~0.2wt%, 0.2~0.3wt% and the Cys of 0.1~0.2wt%, solvent is water; Colour protecting liquid is added in the fresh lotus root after pulverizing to just submergence completely, gained mixed liquid dipping 3~6h, the pH value of mixed liquor is adjusted to 4.5, temperature is elevated to 50~60 ℃, then add pectase, cellulase and carbohydrase, after mixing at 50~60 ℃ enzymolysis 3~4h, then adjust pH is a in step (1), be cooled to normal temperature, obtain the mixed liquor after enzymolysis; The quality consumption of described pectase is 0.02~0.03% of the fresh lotus root quality after pulverizing, and the quality consumption of cellulase is 0.6~0.7% of the fresh lotus root quality after pulverizing, and the quality consumption of carbohydrase is 0.03~0.04% of the fresh lotus root quality after pulverizing;
(3) mixed liquor after enzymolysis in step (2) is squeezed the juice with plate and frame squeezer, centrifuge is separated, obtains lotus root juice and lotus root slag;
(4) the lotus root juice that step (3) obtains carries out Vacuum Concentration through economic benefits and social benefits external heat cold boiler, Vacuum Concentration condition: 80~90 ℃ of effect temperature, the time of staying 15~20min, relative vacuum degree 0.04~0.05MPa; Two 50~55 ℃ of effect temperature, relative vacuum degree 0.097~0.099MPa, be concentrated into 8~10% of former lotus root juice quality, obtain lotus root juice concentrate, then add Semen Nelumbinis polysaccharide and lotus flavone, mix to obtain lotus root juice blend, then vacuum freeze drying obtains lotus root juice powder under the Absolute truth reciprocal of duty cycle of 20~30Pa, obtaining lotus root juice opaque amount is A; The quality that adds of described Semen Nelumbinis polysaccharide and lotus flavone is 0.04~0.05% of fresh lotus root quality after pulverizing separately;
(5) the lotus root slag that step (3) obtains is through vacuum drying, dry relative vacuum degree is 0.08~0.09MPa, 60~90 ℃ of baking temperatures, be dried to the mass content of moisture below 14%, 80 mesh sieves are pulverized and crossed to the dried lotus root slag of gained through pulverizer, then with ultramicro grinding vibrating ball-mill, process, obtain 2500 object lotus root ground-slags, gained lotus root ground-slag quality is B;
(6) lotus root juice powder and lotus root ground-slag are mixed according to mass ratio A:B, after microwave disinfection, pack, make described lotus root starch.
2. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that in described step (2), the DL-malic acid of the citric acid that the composition of described colour protecting liquid is 0.15wt%, the ascorbic acid of 0.15wt%, 0.25wt% and the Cys of 0.15wt%, and solvent is water.
3. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that in described step (4), the technique of vacuum freeze drying is: with 1~5g:7.1cm 2ratio lotus root juice blend is injected to the material disc of vacuum freeze drier, put into freeze dryer and carry out vacuum freeze-drying, Absolute truth reciprocal of duty cycle is 20Pa~100Pa, and drying sublimation stage temperature of charge is-30~-35 ℃, final baking temperature rises to 40 ℃, total drying time 18~20h.
4. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that in described step (5), vacuum drying condition is: relative vacuum degree is 0.08MPa, drying process: 1h under 90 degree conditions, 0.5h under 80 degree conditions, 1h under 70 degree conditions, the mass content that is dried to moisture under 60 degree conditions is below 14%.
5. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (5), ultramicro grinding vibrating ball-mill process conditions are: exciting force 18kN, mill Jie filling rate 55%, feed size 80 orders, charging rate 60kg/h, grinding time 20~30min, obtains 2500 object lotus root ground-slags.
CN201310661061.8A 2013-12-09 2013-12-09 Lotus root starch manufacturing technology based on complete utilization of lotus root Active CN103652726B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310661061.8A CN103652726B (en) 2013-12-09 2013-12-09 Lotus root starch manufacturing technology based on complete utilization of lotus root

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310661061.8A CN103652726B (en) 2013-12-09 2013-12-09 Lotus root starch manufacturing technology based on complete utilization of lotus root

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103652726A true CN103652726A (en) 2014-03-26
CN103652726B CN103652726B (en) 2015-05-27

Family

ID=50292445

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310661061.8A Active CN103652726B (en) 2013-12-09 2013-12-09 Lotus root starch manufacturing technology based on complete utilization of lotus root

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103652726B (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106616624A (en) * 2017-01-04 2017-05-10 杭州博可生物科技有限公司 Carrot powder and preparation technology thereof
CN106834256A (en) * 2017-02-15 2017-06-13 四川新华扬山野生物有限公司 A kind of lotus root juice processing complex enzyme and lotus root juice processing method
CN107048346A (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-08-18 浙江科技学院 A kind of method that utilization lotus rhizome slag makes instant lotus root starch
CN107279870A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-10-24 兰溪市浙工大技术转移中心 A kind of processing method of nutrient health lotus root starch
CN107361353A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-11-21 肥西县金桥红薯专业合作社 A kind of sweet potato noodles with excellent toughness
CN107440081A (en) * 2016-05-30 2017-12-08 李平 A kind of lotus rhizome nutrient vermicelli and preparation method thereof
CN107897787A (en) * 2017-09-07 2018-04-13 江南大学 A kind of preparation method of full lotus root juice and full lotus root starch
CN108294260A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-07-20 李玟君 A kind of Lotus root congee and its processing method
CN108606959A (en) * 2016-12-10 2018-10-02 湖南尔康制药股份有限公司 A kind of health care novel starch base soft capsule

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1771836A (en) * 2005-10-14 2006-05-17 天津科技大学 Apple powder making process
CN101116490A (en) * 2007-08-30 2008-02-06 付东升 Lotus root full-powder and method for preparing the same
CN102599449A (en) * 2012-04-09 2012-07-25 河南科技大学 Preparation method of whole lotus root powder
CN103330252A (en) * 2013-06-17 2013-10-02 武汉轻工大学 Production and process method for full use of lotus root and products of method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1771836A (en) * 2005-10-14 2006-05-17 天津科技大学 Apple powder making process
CN101116490A (en) * 2007-08-30 2008-02-06 付东升 Lotus root full-powder and method for preparing the same
CN102599449A (en) * 2012-04-09 2012-07-25 河南科技大学 Preparation method of whole lotus root powder
CN103330252A (en) * 2013-06-17 2013-10-02 武汉轻工大学 Production and process method for full use of lotus root and products of method

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
刘建学: ""全藕粉喷雾干燥工艺试验研究"", 《农业工程学报》 *
张美霞等: ""超微全藕粉与藕淀粉颗粒结构的比较研究"", 《食品科学》 *

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107440081A (en) * 2016-05-30 2017-12-08 李平 A kind of lotus rhizome nutrient vermicelli and preparation method thereof
CN108606959A (en) * 2016-12-10 2018-10-02 湖南尔康制药股份有限公司 A kind of health care novel starch base soft capsule
CN106616624A (en) * 2017-01-04 2017-05-10 杭州博可生物科技有限公司 Carrot powder and preparation technology thereof
CN106834256A (en) * 2017-02-15 2017-06-13 四川新华扬山野生物有限公司 A kind of lotus root juice processing complex enzyme and lotus root juice processing method
CN106834256B (en) * 2017-02-15 2020-07-07 武汉新华扬生物股份有限公司 Complex enzyme for processing lotus root juice and lotus root juice processing method
CN107048346A (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-08-18 浙江科技学院 A kind of method that utilization lotus rhizome slag makes instant lotus root starch
CN107279870A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-10-24 兰溪市浙工大技术转移中心 A kind of processing method of nutrient health lotus root starch
CN107361353A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-11-21 肥西县金桥红薯专业合作社 A kind of sweet potato noodles with excellent toughness
CN107897787A (en) * 2017-09-07 2018-04-13 江南大学 A kind of preparation method of full lotus root juice and full lotus root starch
CN108294260A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-07-20 李玟君 A kind of Lotus root congee and its processing method

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103652726B (en) 2015-05-27

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103652726B (en) Lotus root starch manufacturing technology based on complete utilization of lotus root
CN102391549B (en) Preparation method of abelmoschs esculentus water-soluble polysaccharide spray-dried powder
CN101617787B (en) Process for continuously extracting a plurality of products from highland barley
CN101548783A (en) Raisin tree clear juice and preparing method thereof
CN101797037A (en) Method for producing water-soluble citrus peel fibres
CN104256641A (en) Method of preparing instant nursing barley green product through using hot-air dehydrated barley grass powder as raw material
CN102696989A (en) Manufacture method of natural coconut powder
CN103404653A (en) Five-peel health-care tea and preparation method thereof
CN106387181A (en) Preparation method of turnip health-care tea powder
CN101375715A (en) Nutrient powder made from chickpea and grape and preparation method thereof
CN102047971A (en) Preparation method of walnut and Chinese date milk beverage
CN105061368A (en) Method for extracting vitamin C from rose
CN105961685A (en) Immunity-boosting tea for women and preparing method thereof
CN104106651A (en) Onion flavor pork liver bean curd and preparation method thereof
CN105996028A (en) Ginger extract, ginger fiber and preparation method of ginger extract and ginger fiber
CN106173943A (en) A kind of Prunus armeniaca L.var.ansu Maxim. dried eucommia bark noodles and preparation method thereof
CN105961710A (en) Toxin-expelling slimming tea for women and preparing method thereof
CN105981803A (en) Fermented wheat-bran lactic acid beverage
CN110089600A (en) A kind of pueraria lobata lotus leaf tea and production method for brewing and eating
CN107028065B (en) Method for increasing carotenoid content in wolfberry extracting solution and preparation method of wolfberry fermented beverage
CN103230013A (en) Preparation method of alkekengi powder
CN106417775A (en) Preparation technology of rhodiola rosea and crocus sativus nutritious tea slices
CN105961700A (en) Purple rice tea activating blood circulation for women and preparing method thereof
CN106070862A (en) A kind of preparation method of the celestial close illiteracy caffein of phoenix
CN105230699A (en) Nutrient flour capable of benefitting intelligence and nourishing heart and preparation method of nutrient flour

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant