CN103650949A - Vertical-rotation type automatic farm product cultivation device - Google Patents

Vertical-rotation type automatic farm product cultivation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103650949A
CN103650949A CN201210321278.XA CN201210321278A CN103650949A CN 103650949 A CN103650949 A CN 103650949A CN 201210321278 A CN201210321278 A CN 201210321278A CN 103650949 A CN103650949 A CN 103650949A
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China
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unit
rotating
rotary type
agricultural production
vertical rotary
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CN201210321278.XA
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锺俊能
锺齐
锺睿
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Lin Bixia
Zhang Dongrui
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HONGJINDA ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201210321278.XA priority Critical patent/CN103650949A/en
Publication of CN103650949A publication Critical patent/CN103650949A/en
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Abstract

A vertical-rotation type automatic farm product cultivation device comprises a supporting unit, a rotation unit, a drive unit, a bearing unit, an operation unit and a feeding unit. The rotation unit is arranged on the supporting unit and divides an operation area and a cultivation area. The drive unit is connected with the rotation unit and drives the rotation unit to rotate. The bearing unit comprises a plurality of storing plates which are arranged on the rotation unit at intervals and located in the cultivation area. The operation unit is arranged in the supporting unit and extends into the operation area. The feeding unit is arranged on the rotation unit and can provide water and light for the bearing unit. By means of the vertical-rotation type automatic farm product cultivation device, the planting area in a limited space can be increased, the growing condition of corps are homogenized, and the effects that staff can conveniently take care of and collect the crops are achieved.

Description

Vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural production cultivating apparatus, refer to especially a kind of vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus.
Background technology
Along with population in the world, count straight line and grow up, the area in global arable land but reduces gradually, and the problem of adding climatic variation is just having a strong impact on the agricultural production output of unit are, makes crisis in food become the key test that this century, the mankind whether can Sustainable Development.For promoting the way of agricultural production amount, be roughly to set about from breed improvement and increase area under cultivation two aspects at present.But breed improvement if in the mode of natural breeding, need for many years consuming time, if use the mode of genetic modification to allow unavoidably again consumer produce the doubt in health.Therefore, in limited space, increasing area under cultivation, just to become healthy doubt low and be easier to reach the means of the target that improves agricultural production amount.
For this reason, many agricultural productions cultivations all adopt the mode of stereo farm to cultivate and relevant management now.Consult Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, for TaiWan, China is announced " stereo farm structure " new patent case No. M417868.This solid agricultural production structure is for cultivation production various crop, comprise two spaced main frame bodies 11, two assistant supports 12 that are set up in respectively the right and left of described main frame body 11, a plurality of flowerpots 13 on described assistant support 12 (only showing in Fig. 1 that flowerpot 13 is placed in assistant support 12 described in one of them) that are placed in, two catch basins 14 that catchment that are located at interval at described flowerpot 13 belows, water-circulating pump 15 (Fig. 1 only shows one of them) in two catch basins 14 that catchment described in being placed in respectively, a plurality of lightings 16 that are arranged at 11 of described main frame bodies and lay respectively at described flowerpot 13 the place aheads, an endurance plane skylight 17 being set up on described main frame body 11 and described assistant support 12, a reflector 18 that is arranged at described main frame body 11 and described assistant support 12 bottoms, and two pipelines 19 that are connected with described water-circulating pump 15 respectively (only showing one of them in Fig. 1).
While watering, the water that utilizes described water-circulating pump 15 timing extractions to catchment in catch basin 14, and utilize described pipeline 19 water to be delivered on the flowerpot 13 of the top and water and spill, the downward drip of flowerpot 13 of the Shui Zehuiyou the superiors is to the flowerpot 13 of the bottom, and when the interior water content of flowerpot 13 of the bottom reaches capacity, water will be flowed out in the catch basin 14 that catchments and be collected by the osculum (not shown) of flowerpot 13 belows of the bottom, so just completes circulating watering operation.In addition, providing of light source, except described lighting 16 being arranged to described flowerpot 13 the place aheads so that floor light light source to be provided, the top that sunshine also can be constructed by this stereo farm utilizes 17 refractions of transparent endurance plane skylight to come in, and arrange in pairs or groups with this reflector 18 of bottom surface, make as body is put under the sun, to be full of light source in this stereo farm structure.
Although aforesaid stereo farm structure is by described flowerpot 13 is placed on described assistant support 12, make described flowerpot 13 can be three-dimensional arrangement and reach and in the confined space, increase area under cultivation to produce the function of a large amount of crops, yet, the mode of watering of this stereo farm structure is just watered at the flowerpot 13 of the superiors, and then downward drip by infiltration and the gravity of water itself and successively, but along with the ability of the soil absorption in every one deck flowerpot 13 or seepage moisture content is different, the water yield that easily causes each flowerpot 13 to receive is unequal, and plantation condition is controlled and is difficult for.In addition, moisture content is from the downward drip of flowerpot 13 that is positioned at top layer, though can make each crop all receive moisture content, but in this simultaneously, for cultivating the nutrient of the cultivating soil of described crop, and the metabolite of accumulating in process of crop growth described in cultivating soil also can be along with rinse under current direction, get off for a long time, can make for cultivating the gradually poor ridge of nutrient contained in the cultivating soil of the superiors crop, being used for cultivating soil that cultivation is arranged in lower floor crop can receive too much nutrient and upper strata crop at the metabolite of process of growth, and the cultivating soil that makes to be arranged in the flowerpot 13 of lower floor contains too much fertility and metabolite, and then cause the growth adverse circumstance of crop.
Moreover, if this stereo farm structure is to cause taking up an area larger for a large amount of raise crops, and in described process of crop growth, be while needing manpower take care of more accurately or gather, administrative staff just need to not stop to move around in 11 of the described main frame bodies of this stereo farm structure, cause the waste on time and manpower.In addition, existing stereo farm structure is limited to the restriction that operating personnel applies scope, can only allow at most described flowerpot 13 hang operating personnel and stretch out one's hand palp height, limited for the lifting degree of area under cultivation.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind ofly can promote area under cultivation, and provide each crop same growth conditions, and be convenient to the vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus that operating personnel gathers, manages.
Vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention, for the production of various crop, and comprise a support unit, one is rotatably arranged at the rotating unit on this support unit, one driver element that is arranged on this rotating unit and drives this rotating unit to rotate, one is arranged at the load bearing unit on this rotating unit, one is arranged at this support unit and stretches the operating unit that is placed in this rotating unit, one is arranged at the feed unit on this rotating unit, and one and this rotating unit, this driver element, this load bearing unit, this operating unit, and the control module of this feed unit electrical connection.
This rotating unit comprises that one is arranged at the rotating turret on this support unit, this rotating turret have that an internal ring portion, is positioned at the peripheral of this internal ring portion and the outer portion, that is connected with this internal ring portion by this internal ring portion around the operating space defining, and one matched around defining and around the cultivation area of this periphery, operating space by this internal ring portion and this outer portion.
This driver element is to be connected with this rotating unit and for driving this rotating unit to rotate with respect to this support unit.This load bearing unit comprises a plurality of placing plates that are arranged at intervals up and down on this rotating unit and are positioned at this cultivation area that are, and a plurality of being arranged at respectively on described placing plate and for cultivating the carrier of described crop, described placing plate also can rotate with this rotating unit.
This operating unit is arranged in this support unit and stretches in the operating space that is placed in this rotating unit, and for the placing plate that can move to differing heights for operating personnel with to cultivating in the operation of being correlated with of the described crop of described carrier.This feed unit comprises that one is arranged on this rotating unit and can be towards the water supply installation of the carrier spray water liquid of this load bearing unit, and is a plurality ofly arranged on this rotating unit and can supplies with towards described carrier the illumination part of light.This control module can utilize the mode of electrical connection to control this rotating unit, this driver element, this load bearing unit, this operating unit, and the running of this feed unit.
Vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention, also comprising one is arranged on this load bearing unit and the afflux unit being electrically connected to this control module, this afflux unit comprises a plurality of headers that are connected with described carrier respectively, and a plurality of current collector being connected with described header respectively.
Vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention, this feed unit also comprises that one is arranged on this rotating turret and can sprays towards the described carrier of this load bearing unit the fertilizer supply device of fertilizer.
Vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention, the water supply installation of this feed unit has and is a plurality ofly arranged on this rotating turret and for guiding water liquid mobile aqueduct, a plurality of be connected with described aqueduct respectively and can be towards the water sprinkler of the described carrier spray water liquid of this load bearing unit, and be a plurality ofly arranged at respectively on described placing plate and for making an extraneous water source input the water liquid withdrawal device of described aqueduct, the fertilizer supply device of this feed unit has and is a plurality ofly arranged on this rotating turret and for holding the guide wire of fertilizer, a plurality of being connected with described guide wire respectively also can be sprayed towards the described carrier of this load bearing unit the fertilizer applicator of fertilizer, and be a plurality ofly arranged at respectively on described placing plate and for making the fertilizer in an extraneous fertilizer source input the fertilizer withdrawal device of described guide wire.
Vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention, the described aqueduct of the water supply installation of this feed unit and described water sprinkler are to stretch to be respectively placed in described carrier, and the described guide wire of the fertilizer supply device of this feed unit and described fertilizer applicator are to stretch to be respectively placed in described carrier.
Vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention, the described carrier of this load bearing unit is from tilting away from one end of this operating space direction toward this operating space from high to low.
Vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention, this support unit comprises that a center ring stand, ring stand interval, Yi Yugai center arrange and be positioned at the peripheral ring stand in this ring stand outside, center, and a plurality of rollers that are arranged at respectively on this center ring stand and this periphery ring stand, the internal ring portion of this rotating unit and outer portion are to be arranged at respectively on this center ring stand and this periphery ring stand, this driver element comprises that a motor, is subject to the travelling gear of this motor driven, and one is meshed with this travelling gear and internal gear that internal ring portion that can this rotating turret of interlock rotates.
Vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention, also comprise a screen unit, this screen unit comprises that one is arranged at the cover body in the peripheral ring stand of this support unit and the outer portion of this rotating turret outside, and one be formed on this cover body the gateway of coming in and going out for operating personnel, this support unit also comprises a base being connected with the cover body of this screen unit, and the center ring stand of this support unit and the bottom of this periphery ring stand are to be all arranged on this base.
Vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention, this feed unit also comprises that one is electrically connected to and can regulates the adjusting device of temperature, humidity and air quantity with this control module.
Vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention, this operating unit comprises a plurality of platforms that are arranged at intervals at this operating space and are positioned at the adjacent side of described placing plate, and one can stop between described platform and can move to for operating personnel the lift of the height of different placing plates.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: the described placing plate by this load bearing unit arranges at interval layer by layer, make vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention be able to increase plantation area in limited space, and utilize this driver element to drive this rotating unit, and then this load bearing unit rotation of interlock, not only make crop can receive in heterogeneity various growth conditionss, and can handled easily personnel look after or gather.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a three-dimensional exploded view, illustrates that TaiWan, China announces " stereo farm structure " new patent case No. M417868;
Fig. 2 is a use view, this stereo farm of key diagram 1 aspect in use;
Fig. 3 is a stereogram, and the first preferred embodiment of vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention is described, for ease of explanation, omits part member in figure;
Fig. 4 is a stereogram, and a support unit of this first preferred embodiment is described;
Fig. 5 is a front view, and aid illustration Fig. 3, for ease of explanation, omits part member in figure;
Fig. 6 is a vertical view, and a driver element of this first preferred embodiment and the relation between a rotating turret are described, for ease of explanation, omits part member in figure;
Fig. 7 is a front view, illustrates that this first preferred embodiment also comprises the aspect of another driver element;
Fig. 8 is a schematic diagram, aid illustration Fig. 3;
Fig. 9 is a partial sectional view, and a feed unit of this first preferred embodiment and the relation between a load bearing unit are described;
Figure 10 is a partial sectional view, and another enforcement aspect of an operating unit of this first preferred embodiment is described;
Figure 11 is a partial sectional view, and another enforcement aspect of this feed unit of this first preferred embodiment is described;
Figure 12 Shi Yi partial side view, illustrates that another of this load bearing unit of this first preferred embodiment implemented aspect;
Figure 13 mono-stereogram, illustrates the second preferred embodiment of vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention, for ease of explanation, omits described illumination part in figure.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and two preferred embodiments, the present invention is described in detail.
Before the present invention is described in detail, be noted that in the following description content, similarly assembly is to represent with identical numbering.
Consult Fig. 3, the first preferred embodiment for vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention, comprise a support unit 2, one is rotatably arranged at the rotating unit 3 on this support unit 2, one driver element 4 that is arranged on this rotating unit 3 and drives this rotating unit 3 to rotate, one is arranged at the load bearing unit 5 on this rotating unit 3, the one afflux unit 6 being connected with this load bearing unit 5, one is arranged in the operating unit 7 in this support unit 2 and this rotating unit 3, one is arranged at the feed unit 8 on this rotating unit 3, and one and this rotating unit 3, this driver element 4, this load bearing unit 5, this afflux unit 6, this operating unit 7, and the control module 9 of these feed unit 8 electrical connections.
Consult Fig. 3, Fig. 4, this support unit 2 comprises that a base 21, is arranged at this base 21Shang center ring stand 22, and is arranged at the peripheral ring stand 23 that these base 21 ring stand 22 intervals, Shang Qieyugai center arranged and be positioned at these center ring stand 22 outsides, and a plurality of roller 24 that is arranged at respectively this center ring stand 22 and these periphery ring stand 23 end faces.The described roller that is arranged at this center ring stand 22 is horizontally set, and the described roller 24 being arranged on this periphery ring stand 23 is laterally or longitudinally to arrange.
Consult Fig. 3, this rotating unit 3 comprises that one is arranged at the rotating turret 31 on this support unit 2 rotationally.This rotating turret 31 have one be arranged at internal ring portion 311, on the center ring stand 22 of this support unit 2 be connected with this internal ring portion 311 and be arranged at outer portion on the peripheral ring stand 23 of this support unit 2 312, by this internal ring portion 311 around the operating space 313 defining, and one define and be surrounded on the cultivation area 314 of these 313 peripheries, operating space by this internal ring portion 311 and the common sandwiched of this outer portion 312.
Consult Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, this driver element 4 comprises that a motor 41, is subject to the travelling gear 42 of these motor 41 transmissions, and an internal gear 43 being meshed with this travelling gear 42.This internal gear 43 is to be connected with the internal ring portion 311 of this rotating turret 31, and drives this outer portion 312 by this internal ring portion 311, makes this rotating turret 31 with respect to these support unit 2 rotations.Now, by the different setting party of described roller 24 to, can be in auxiliary this rotating turret 31 of different angles with respect to these support unit 2 rotations, and reduce the frictional resistance between this rotating turret 31 and this support unit 2, make this rotating turret 31 not only smooth and easy with respect to the rotation of this support unit 2, and utilize and to coordinate the described roller 24 longitudinally arranging simultaneously, make this rotating turret 31 can be crooked in the process of rotating or produce deformation.
Need special instruction, in this preferred embodiment, this driver element 4 is the tops that are arranged at this rotating turret 31 as shown in Figure 5, but the quantity of this driver element 4 and setting position be not as limit.Consult Fig. 7, vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention can be also to comprise altogether two between the upper and lower every the driver element 4 of being located on this rotating turret 31, just can prevent thus when one of them driver element 4 lost efficacy also having another standby driver element 4 can drive this rotating turret 31 rotations.
Consult Fig. 5 and Fig. 8, this load bearing unit 5 comprises and is a plurality ofly the placing plate 51 that is arranged at intervals up and down on this rotating turret 31 and is positioned at this cultivation area 314 and can rotates with this rotating unit 3, and is a plurality ofly arranged at respectively on described placing plate 51 and for cultivating the carrier 52 of various crop 999.7 of this operating units are be arranged at center ring stand 22 inner sides of this support unit 2 and stretch in the operating space 313 that is placed in this rotating unit 3, and comprise a plurality of platforms 71 that are arranged at intervals at this operating space 313 and are positioned at the adjacent side position of described placing plate 51 place, an and lift 72 that can stop at 71, described platform.
Consult Fig. 3 and Fig. 9,8 of this feed units comprise and one are arranged at water supply installation 81 on this rotating unit 3, are a plurality ofly arranged on this rotating unit 3 and can supply with towards the described carrier 52 of this load bearing unit 5 the illumination part 82 of light and a fertilizer supply device 83 being arranged on this rotating unit 3.This water supply installation 81 has a plurality of being arranged on this rotating turret 31 also can guide the mobile aqueduct of water liquid 811 (for convenience of description, in Fig. 9, only show one of them), a plurality of be connected with described aqueduct 811 respectively and can be towards the water sprinkler 812 of described carrier 52 spray water liquid, and be a plurality ofly arranged at respectively on described placing plate 51 and for making the water liquid at an extraneous water source input the water liquid withdrawal device 813 of described aqueduct 811.And this fertilizer supply device 83 has a plurality of guide wires 831 that are arranged on this rotating turret 31 and can hold for fertilizer (for convenience of description, in Fig. 9, only show one of them), be a plurality ofly connected with described guide wire 831 respectively and can spray towards described carrier 52 fertilizer applicator 832 of fertilizer, and be a plurality ofly arranged at respectively on described placing plate 51 and for making the fertilizer in an extraneous fertilizer source input the fertilizer withdrawal device 833 of this guide wire 831.
By the design of said modules, the present invention can meet the demand of described crop 999 on output lifting or cultivation condition homogeneous.Yet, along with scientific and technological progress, add that modern increases all the more the quality requirement of food materials, therefore in modern society, the lifting of output and maintaining of basic cultivation condition are no longer only stressed in agricultural operation, and more stress, utilize high-tech analysis, to grasp at any time the growing state of crop 999, make the better exquisiteness of agriculture operation accurate.And cultivate in the cultivating soil of described crop 999, moisture content, nutrient have not only been comprised, also contain trace element, microorganism, the germ in much soil simultaneously, and crop 999 in process of growth from root metabolism some metabolites out, and above-mentioned these compositions also can become the important indicator of grasping crop 999 growing states.Therefore, these cultivating soil collecting and samplings are taken away and are further analyzed again, not only can grasp the upgrowth situation of described crop 999, even can also therefrom understand the problem that described crop 999 may face in ensuing process of growth, and find out one step ahead countermeasure, prevent that disease from occurring.
Therefore, consult Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, the first preferred embodiment of vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention also comprises an afflux unit 6, this afflux unit 6 comprises a plurality of headers 61 that are connected with described carrier 52 respectively, and is a plurality ofly connected with described header 61 respectively and is arranged at the current collector 62 on described placing plate 51.Utilize the setting of described header 61, make the moisture content unnecessary in soil can be in described header 61 flows into respectively respectively this corresponding current collector 62, there is on the one hand the function of draining, on the other hand, if the moisture content that has too much crop 999 to absorb in described carrier 52, these moisture content may all be dissolved with the various materials such as part fertilizer, nutrient, plant metabolites, microorganism and germ, and can carry part cultivating soil secretly together from respectively flowing out in this corresponding header 61.Therefore, these moisture content are collected in respectively in described current collector 62 and are further analyzed, just can grasp the growth profile information of containing crop 999 in cultivating soil.Certainly, the mode of cultivating soil sampling is not as limit, also can be to be respectively arranged with soil sampling apparatus (not shown) in described carrier 52, then be collected into respectively classification in this corresponding current collector 62 via this corresponding header 61 respectively, in order to next step, analyze and use.
9 of this control modules and this rotating unit 3, this driver element 4, this load bearing unit 5, this afflux unit 6, this operating unit 7, and this feed unit 8 is electrically connected to each other, and for controlling this rotating unit 3, this driver element 4, this load bearing unit 5, this afflux unit 6, this operating unit 7, and the running of this feed unit 8.
Consult Fig. 8 and Figure 10, the first preferred embodiment of vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention is actually used in while producing crop 999, operating personnel first through crop 999 described in lift 72 carryings of this operating unit 7 to each layer of placing plate 51, recycle this control module 9 and start this driver element 4, make this driver element 4 can drive the rotating turret 31 of this rotating unit 3 to rotate.Now, operating personnel can stand on the platform 71 of this operating unit 7 described crop 999 is planted respectively in rotating to the carrier 52 in operating personnel the place ahead.Then, utilize this control module 9 to set the water supply installation 81 of this feed unit 8, fertilizer supply device 83 (seeing Fig. 3) and described illumination part 82, make the first preferred embodiment of the present invention can be for the applicable watering time of different crops 999 kinds, water the water yield, luminous intensity, the irradiation time, irradiation angle, the supply of the required element of various growths is carried out at fertilizer amount and fertilising position, and in the process of described crop 999 growths, utilize the setting of this afflux unit 6 to reach the effect of draining, or go to be further analyzed with moisture content unnecessary in the described carrier 52 of this afflux unit 6 collection and the cultivating soil of wherein carrying secretly, to control the upgrowth situation of described crop 999.
What need special instruction is, this operating unit 7 is not necessarily as the aspect of Fig. 8 announcement with a plurality of platform 71 collocation one lifts 72 is limited, also can be as shown in figure 10, with the described platform 71 of a connection and can climb the stair 73 of the placing plate 51 that moves to differing heights as the enforcement aspect of this operating unit 7 for operating personnel.
Because the situation of the Crop nutrient of different cultivars is different, and the crop of same kind at last just, at its different growing stage, also have the different special organs of strengthening fertilising that need, therefore, topdress accurately described crop needing the position of fertility is most also considerable technology.The aspect that aforementioned described water sprinkler 812 as shown in Figure 9 and described fertilizer applicator 832 water and apply fertilizer is applicable to generally carry out the crop 999 of watering, fertilizing for the overground part of blade face or crop.And for need, strengthen the crop 999 of root absorption or fertilising, can be as shown in figure 11, by the described aqueduct 811 of the water supply installation of this feed unit 8 81 (for convenience of description, in Figure 11, only show one of them) stretch respectively and be placed in respectively this corresponding carrier 52 (for convenience of description with described water sprinkler 812, in Figure 11, only show one of them) in, and the described guide wire 831 of this fertilizer supply device 83 (for convenience of description, only showing one of them in Figure 11) is also to stretch to be respectively placed in respectively this corresponding carrier 52 with described fertilizer applicator 832.Whereby, water liquid and fertilizer can directly enter in cultivating soil, contribute to crop root directly to absorb moisture content, or are applicable to need to strengthen especially in cultivation process the crop of root manure.In addition, by described mode, apply fertilizer or water, also can reduce the ratio that fertility or moisture content run off, institute thinks that an energy supply of saving designs.
In addition, in this preferred embodiment, the described carrier 52 of this load bearing unit 5 is not necessarily horizontal as shown in Figure 11, also can be as shown in figure 12, the tilting toward the direction of this operating space 313 from high to low from the one end away from this operating space 313, whereby, described crop 999 produces a corresponding difference in height because of the gradient of described carrier 52, as long as make operating personnel stand on the fixed point on this platform 71, just can be very clear to the described crop 999 of planting in same carrier 52, the convenient working personnel cultivation of being correlated with, management or the operation of gathering.
By above-described design, vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention has the following stated advantage when reality is used:
(1) promote area under cultivation:
Because vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention is by upper and lower spaced described placing plate 51, make each placing plate 51 can form a new cultivation space, allow the plantable area in the confined space not be subject to the restriction of operating personnel's height and can constantly vertically increase, be beneficial to crop large production.
(2) be convenient to personal management:
Because each load bearing unit 5 can be with rotating turret 31 displacements of this rotating unit 3, therefore operating personnel can stand on the platform 71 of this operating unit 7 a bit, wait for that holding has the carrier 52 of described crop 999 to turn to operating personnel and applies again in front, significantly save operating personnel's carrying and mobile time cost.In addition, as long as adjust by this control module 9 speed that this driver element 4 drives these rotating units 3, the relevant operation of the described crop that just can allow operating personnel have ample time each carrier 52 is planted.
(3) growth conditions homogeneous:
Vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention by this load bearing unit 5 can be between diverse location swing offset, add that this feed unit 8 provides the energy for each carrier 52 equably, each crop is grown up under the growth conditions being provided by this feed unit 8, and each crop that diminishes is caused the problem of Yield and quality inequality because of environmental factor.
(4) automated analysis operation:
Vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention, by the setting of this control module 9, can make the speed of these feed unit 8 these rotating units 3 of cooperation, and the physiological property of different types of described crop, and carrying out the accurate energy provides.In addition, utilize the design of described header 61 and described current collector 62, can make operating personnel by analyzing cultivating soil and unnecessary moisture content, grasp constantly the problem that may occur in the physiology overview of each crop and growing environment thereof, for example element lacks or metabolic disorder, and then first supplements in time required material at described crop premorbid.
(5) avoid metabolite and fertility to accumulate on specific planting in cultivation:
The water supply modes of vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention is directly for each crop 999, to spray or inject, and the number of the water yield is also all through accurate in advance calculating and adjustment.Even if still there is unnecessary moisture content, also can flow in described current collector 62 and collect through described header 61, and can arbitrarily not drip full ground, or have influence on the crop that is positioned at below.
Consulting Figure 13, is the second preferred embodiment of vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention.This second preferred embodiment and this first preferred embodiment are roughly the same, different places is that this second preferred embodiment also comprises a screen unit 900 that covers at this rotating unit 3 and this support unit 2 outsides, and this feed unit 8 also comprises that one for regulating the adjusting device 84 of temperature, humidity and air quantity.This screen unit 900 includes a cover body 901 that is arranged at peripheral ring stand 23 outsides of this support unit 2 and outer portion 312 outsides of this rotating turret 31, and a gateway 902 being formed on this cover body 901 and for coming in and going out for operating personnel.The adjusting device 84 of this feed unit 8 is arranged on this base 21, and is electrically connected to this control module 9, sets whereby and regulate temperature, humidity and the air quantity in this cover body 901.Setting by this screen unit 900 and this adjusting device 84, not only can maintain the effect identical with this first preferred embodiment, also can make this vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus become the aspect in a similar greenhouse simultaneously, except utilizing this control module 9 to control this feed unit 8, set the interior various growth conditionss relevant with growth of this cover body 901, also can completely cut off extraneous damage by disease and insect, contribute to the cultivation management of some cultivarss to disease susceptible.
Need special instruction, in this preferred embodiment, this cover body 901 is that the glass that is connected in the outer portion 312 of this rotating turret 31 and peripheral ring stand 23 outsides of this support unit 2 explains, and this glass has the effect of light and heat collection.But the aspect of this cover body 901 is not as limit, and for example this cover body 901 also can be one and is connected in the outer portion 312 of rotating turret 31 of this rotating unit 3 and the fly net of the peripheral ring stand 23 of this support unit 2.Although the material of this fly net also has complete isolated effect as glass, but part need be ventilated or is difficult for susceptible kind, fly net not only air permeability is good, can block insect intrusion simultaneously, and user is provided the another kind of selection of using aspect.
In sum, vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus of the present invention utilizes described placing plate 51 between the upper and lower every setting, can in the confined space, increase plantation area and then improving yield, and by this driver element 4, drive the rotating turret 31 of this rotating unit 3, and then these load bearing unit 5 swing offsets of interlock, the described carrier 52 of planting in this load bearing unit 5 can and then be rotated, be beneficial to operating personnel and at fixed-point needle, the crop in each carrier 52 operated.In addition, via this feed unit 8, accurately control and give the needed energy in described plant growth, and coordinate arranging of described header 61 and described current collector 62 to collect described effusion to analyze, and grasp at any time the growth situation of described crop.

Claims (10)

1. a vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus, for the production of various crop, comprise: a support unit, a rotating unit being arranged at rotationally on this support unit, and a driver element that this rotating unit that is connected with this rotating unit and drives rotates with respect to this support unit, it is characterized in that:
This rotating unit comprises a rotating turret being arranged on this support unit, this rotating turret has an internal ring portion, an outer portion that is positioned at the peripheral of this internal ring portion and is connected with this internal ring portion, one by this internal ring portion around the operating space defining, and one matched around defining and around the cultivation area of this periphery, operating space by this internal ring portion and this outer portion, this vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus also comprises a load bearing unit being arranged on this rotating turret, one is arranged in this support unit and stretches the operating unit that moves to differing heights in the operating space that is placed in this rotating unit for operating personnel, a feed unit being arranged on this rotating unit, and one and this rotating unit, this driver element, this load bearing unit, this operating unit, and this feed unit is electrically connected to and controls this rotating unit, this driver element, this load bearing unit, this operating unit, and the control module of the running of this feed unit, this load bearing unit comprises a plurality of placing plates that are arranged at intervals up and down on this rotating unit and are positioned at this cultivation area that are, and be a plurality ofly arranged at respectively on described placing plate and for cultivating the carrier of described crop, described placing plate can rotate with this rotating unit, this feed unit comprises and being arranged on this rotating unit and can be towards the water supply installation of the described carrier spray water liquid of this load bearing unit, and be a plurality ofly arranged on this rotating unit and can supply with towards described carrier the illumination part of light.
2. vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: this vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus also comprises one and is arranged on this load bearing unit and the afflux unit being electrically connected to this control module, this afflux unit comprises a plurality of headers that are connected with described carrier respectively, and a plurality of current collector being connected with described header respectively.
3. vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus according to claim 2, is characterized in that: this feed unit also comprises that one is arranged on this rotating turret and can sprays towards the described carrier of this load bearing unit the fertilizer supply device of fertilizer.
4. vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: the water supply installation of this feed unit has and is a plurality ofly arranged on this rotating turret and for guiding water liquid mobile aqueduct, a plurality of be connected with described aqueduct respectively and can be towards the water sprinkler of the described carrier spray water liquid of this load bearing unit, and be a plurality ofly arranged at respectively on described placing plate and for making an extraneous water source input the water liquid withdrawal device of described aqueduct, the fertilizer supply device of this feed unit has and is a plurality ofly arranged on this rotating turret and for holding the guide wire of fertilizer, a plurality of being connected with described guide wire respectively also can be sprayed towards the described carrier of this load bearing unit the fertilizer applicator of fertilizer, and be a plurality ofly arranged at respectively on described placing plate and for making the fertilizer in an extraneous fertilizer source input the fertilizer withdrawal device of described guide wire.
5. vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: the described aqueduct of the water supply installation of this feed unit and described water sprinkler are to stretch to be respectively placed in described carrier, the described guide wire of the fertilizer supply device of this feed unit and described fertilizer applicator are to stretch to be respectively placed in described carrier.
6. according to arbitrary described vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus in claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that: the described carrier of this load bearing unit is that the direction toward this operating space from high to low tilts from the one end away from this operating space.
7. vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: this support unit comprises Yi Ge center ring stand, ring stand interval, Yi Geyugai center arranges and is positioned at the peripheral ring stand in this ring stand outside, center, and a plurality of rollers that are arranged at respectively on this center ring stand and this periphery ring stand, the internal ring portion of this rotating unit and outer portion are to be arranged at respectively on this center ring stand and this periphery ring stand, this driver element comprises a motor, a travelling gear that is subject to this motor driven, and one be meshed with this travelling gear and can interlock the internal gear that rotates of the internal ring portion of this rotating turret.
8. vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: this vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus also comprises a screen unit, this screen unit comprises a cover body that is arranged at the peripheral ring stand of this support unit and the outer portion of this rotating turret outside, an and gateway being formed on this cover body, this support unit also comprises a base being connected with the cover body of this screen unit, and the center ring stand of this support unit and the bottom of this periphery ring stand are to be all arranged on this base.
9. vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus according to claim 8, is characterized in that: this feed unit also comprises an adjusting device that is electrically connected to and can regulates temperature, humidity and air quantity with this control module.
10. vertical rotary type automation agricultural production cultivating apparatus according to claim 6, is characterized in that: this operating unit comprises a plurality of platforms that are arranged at intervals at this operating space and are positioned at the adjacent side of described placing plate, and a lift that can stop between described platform.
CN201210321278.XA 2012-09-03 2012-09-03 Vertical-rotation type automatic farm product cultivation device Pending CN103650949A (en)

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CN110206235A (en) * 2019-06-17 2019-09-06 范拓 A kind of building roof structure

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