CN103635067B - A kind of air channel structure of IPX6 grade rack - Google Patents

A kind of air channel structure of IPX6 grade rack Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103635067B
CN103635067B CN201310530594.2A CN201310530594A CN103635067B CN 103635067 B CN103635067 B CN 103635067B CN 201310530594 A CN201310530594 A CN 201310530594A CN 103635067 B CN103635067 B CN 103635067B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seal closure
air inlet
fresh air
exhaust vent
baffle plate
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310530594.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103635067A (en
Inventor
张伟
王诗峰
李红霞
曾刚
詹相国
杨砚雄
孟庆军
刘元
Original Assignee
北京广利核系统工程有限公司
中国广核集团有限公司
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Application filed by 北京广利核系统工程有限公司, 中国广核集团有限公司 filed Critical 北京广利核系统工程有限公司
Priority to CN201310530594.2A priority Critical patent/CN103635067B/en
Publication of CN103635067A publication Critical patent/CN103635067A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103635067B publication Critical patent/CN103635067B/en

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Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of air channel structure of IPX6 grade rack, the cabinet of described rack is provided with fresh air inlet and exhaust vent, fresh air inlet inside rack and exhaust vent place are separately installed with seal closure, fresh air inlet and exhaust vent cover by described seal closure respectively completely, the top of seal closure is provided with ventilation hole, the baffle plate tilted to air draft direction is provided with between seal closure and cabinet, described baffle plate is between ventilation hole and fresh air inlet or exhaust vent, and ventilation hole is positioned at the top of fresh air inlet or exhaust vent.Structure of the present invention is simple, is arranged the raising realizing classification of waterproof, and have no significant effect manufacturing cost by multilayer baffle plate, easy to maintenance, and without special outsourcing product, it is convenient to change.Traditional method for designing is utilized to realize IPX6 degree of protection and ventilation and heat.By being staggered and the baffle plate mounting structure tilted, can either improve blocking effect does not affect ventilation again, utilizes the baffle plate tilted can block the water be directly or indirectly splashed into by fresh air inlet or exhaust vent completely.

Description

A kind of air channel structure of IPX6 grade rack

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of electronic equipment and settle rack, be specifically related to the air channel structure that a kind of shell protection grade is the rack of IPX6.

Background technology

The classification of waterproof of IPX6 to rack (Pan Tai) proposes relatively high requirement, especially for the rack having ventilation and heat to require (Pan Tai), its ventilation hole should ensure that certain radiating effect ensures that water can not be entered in cabinet by ventilation hole again.Prior art generally adopts IPX6 blower fan, IPX6 ventilating board etc. to carry out ventilating and waterproof, this kind equipment relative price costly, and wayward quality and later maintenance.

Be in the patent of 201120073189.9 at application number, a kind of dustproof waterproof case is disclosed, it arranges ventilation hole on the housing of rack, then corresponding with ventilation hole inside rack place arranges water retaining cover, then on the relative position of rack, arrange a blower fan for air intake or air draft, it prevents water directly to be entered situation in cabinet by ventilation hole when realizing ventilating in cabinet.But the structure of its ventilation hole only can anti-sealing directly for the situation of ventilation hole, the current on other direction can not be prevented.

Be in the patent of 201020608630.4 at application number, disclose a kind of multiple waterproof outdoor cabinet, it arranges the double-deck air channel communicated with outside cabinet and in cabinet respectively at the top of rack, and in double-deck air channel, be provided with interlaced water fender arranged in parallel.Although this structure can realize the object of ventilation and waterproof, but its water fender adopts vertical setting, not only add windage but also ponding can not be made to reflux, in addition the setting of the position of this structure fresh air inlet, not easily with in cabinet form cross-ventilation, inner fan must be had to replace, and this just occupies the space in rack.

Summary of the invention

For the high and problem of unreasonable structure of the rack waterproof cost solving prior art IPX6 grade, the invention provides the simple and rack air channel structure of the IPX6 grade of waterproof and Be very effective of a kind of structure.Concrete scheme is as follows: a kind of air channel structure of IPX6 grade rack, the cabinet of described rack is provided with fresh air inlet and exhaust vent, it is characterized in that, fresh air inlet inside rack and exhaust vent place are separately installed with seal closure, fresh air inlet and exhaust vent cover by described seal closure respectively completely, the top of seal closure is provided with ventilation hole, the baffle plate tilted to air draft direction is provided with between seal closure and cabinet, described baffle plate is between ventilation hole and fresh air inlet or exhaust vent, and ventilation hole is positioned at the top of fresh air inlet or exhaust vent.

For improving waterproof effect: the baffle plate near fresh air inlet and exhaust vent is fixed on seal closure, angle theta between described baffle plate and seal closure is greater than 45 degree and is less than 50 degree, the height H t of described exhaust vent and fresh air inlet upper topside is lower than the height H of bottom baffle plate top margin, and H> (interval A+2500mm) ╳ Ht/2500mm.

For improving classification of waterproof: described baffle plate is three and staggered being fixed on cabinet and seal closure.

Improve ventilation effect: the interval A between described baffle plate top and adjacent cabinet or seal closure and the product of seal closure inner width W are more than or equal to the area S of exhaust vent or fresh air inlet, and the distance B between two baffle plates is greater than interval A.

For improving the ventilation effect of rack: the area of described fresh air inlet and exhaust vent is greater than the blower sizes of air draft in rack.

For improving the sealing of seal closure: described seal closure is bolted on cabinet, between seal closure and cabinet, be provided with water proof rubber pad, described water proof rubber pad comprises the outer ring rubber blanket be arranged on outside bolt and the inner ring rubber blanket be arranged on inside bolt.

Infiltrate for avoiding current: described barrier width is equal to or less than the internal diameter width of seal closure.

For improving the dust-proof effect of rack: the ventilation hole of the seal closure at described fresh air inlet place is provided with dust-proof cotton.

Structure of the present invention is simple, arranges the raising realizing the poles such as waterproof, and have no significant effect manufacturing cost by multilayer baffle plate, easy to maintenance, and without special outsourcing product, it is convenient to change.Traditional method for designing is utilized to realize IPX6 degree of protection and ventilation and heat.By being staggered and the baffle plate mounting structure tilted, can either improve blocking effect does not affect ventilation again, utilizes the baffle plate tilted can block the water be directly or indirectly splashed into by fresh air inlet or exhaust vent completely.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 fresh air inlet structural representation of the present invention;

Fig. 2 exhaust vent structural representation of the present invention;

The setting angle schematic diagram of baffle plate in Fig. 3 the present invention;

The scheme of installation of seal closure in Fig. 4 the present invention;

Fig. 5 rack water spray test schematic diagram;

Enlarged diagram in Fig. 6 Fig. 5;

Another structural representation of Fig. 7 seal closure of the present invention;

Attached number in the figure illustrates: 1 ?cabinet, 2 ?seal closures, 3 ?baffle plates, 4 ?ventilation holes, 5 ?fresh air inlets, 6 ?exhaust vents, the dust-proof cotton of 7 ?, 8 ?water proof rubber pads, 9 ?sparge pipes, 10 ?current, 11 ?dividing plates.

Embodiment

As Fig. 1, shown in 2, the air channel structure of IPX6 grade rack of the present invention, comprise and be arranged on fresh air inlet 5 on the cabinet 1 of described rack and exhaust vent 6, fresh air inlet 5 inside rack and exhaust vent 6 place are separately installed with seal closure 2, fresh air inlet 5 and exhaust vent 6 cover by described seal closure 2 respectively completely, the top of seal closure 2 is provided with ventilation hole 4, seal closure forms the air intake of rack and the passage of air-out, the baffle plate 3 tilted to air draft direction is provided with between seal closure 2 and cabinet 1, described baffle plate 3 is between ventilation hole 4 and fresh air inlet 5 or exhaust vent 6, and ventilation hole 4 is positioned at the top of fresh air inlet 5 or exhaust vent 6.The present invention utilizes seal closure 2 fresh air inlet 5 and exhaust vent 6 to be covered, in rack, one waterproof and dustproof barrier is formed while constraint air intake direction, tilt install baffle plate 3 directly can enter interior of equipment cabinet by fresh air inlet 5 or exhaust vent 6 by anti-sealing, and formed multilayer barrier by water gear in seal closure 2.As shown in Figure 4, for improving the sealing between seal closure 2 and cabinet 1, described seal closure 2 of the present invention is bolted on cabinet, between seal closure and cabinet, be provided with water proof rubber pad 8, described water proof rubber pad comprises the outer ring rubber blanket be arranged on outside bolt and the inner ring rubber blanket be arranged on inside bolt.Twice watertight composition is formed in the contact position of seal closure and cabinet by outer ring and inner ring rubber blanket, outer ring rubber blanket wherein outside bolt mainly seals, and the inner ring rubber blanket inside bolt also has the effect keeping seal closure 2 flange stress balance while sealing, affect sealing effectiveness to prevent the stressed rear distortion of seal closure 2 flange.In the present invention, the structure of seal closure 2 is not limited to the structure of through type, also the structures such as annular, arc or shaped form can be arranged to, also can arrange the structure of dividing plate 11 in inside as shown in Figure 7, concrete ventilation hole 4 or can need the component locations of heat radiation to arrange according to the concrete shape of seal closure.As shown in Figure 5, fresh air inlet 5 and exhaust vent 6 also can arrange multiple and install seal closure respectively in addition, and concrete fresh air inlet 5 and exhaust vent 6 position can be determined by the component locations large according to rack internal heat generation amount.

For not affecting ventilation effect, the described baffle plate 3 in the present invention is three and staggered being fixed on cabinet 1 and seal closure 2.Adopt three baffle plates realizing the volume of minimizing seal closure 2 as far as possible under the object blocked water, to reduce the enclosure interior taken, the quantity of baffle plate 3 affects classification of waterproof simultaneously, and the more waterproof effects of baffle plate are better.Adopt alternately fixing mode can ventilate smooth and easy and increase the effect of blocks dust.Certainly the rack size that concrete baffle number can use according to reality carries out corresponding change.

As shown in Figure 3, for improving ventilation effect, interval A between baffle plate 3 top of the present invention and adjacent cabinet 1 or seal closure 2 and the product of seal closure 2 inner width W are more than or equal to the area S with exhaust vent 5 and fresh air inlet 6, and the distance B between two baffle plates is greater than interval A.Interval A between baffle plate top and cabinet 1 or seal closure 2 determines the diameter of air duct, the area S that the sectional area M formed between seal closure 2 and cabinet 1 is less than fresh air inlet 5 and exhaust vent 6 can improve the wind speed in seal closure 2, and the distance B between two baffle plates 3 is greater than interval A can reduce stop to wind.Three baffle plates intersect after installing mutually in the depth direction mutually, when meeting above-mentioned size, staggered size is the bigger the better, for improving the ventilation effect in rack, fresh air inlet can arrange multiple, and exhaust vent only can arrange one, no matter but which kind of structure all needs the product of guarantee interval A, inner width W and fresh air inlet quantity to be more than or equal to the area S of exhaust vent or fresh air inlet.

As shown in Figure 5,6, in order to not affect ventilation effect and improve water resistance, the present invention is fixed on seal closure near the baffle plate of fresh air inlet and exhaust vent, angle theta between described baffle plate and seal closure is greater than 45 degree and is less than 50 degree, the height H t of described exhaust vent 5 and fresh air inlet 6 upper topside is lower than the height H of bottom baffle plate top margin, and H> (interval A+2500mm) ╳ Ht/2500mm.Fig. 5 is the signal of rack when doing waterproof test, and wherein current 10 are sprayed to the fresh air inlet 5 of rack by sparge pipe 9 from the position apart from rack 2.5 meters, and baffle plate 3 of the present invention can block the current being upwards splashed into fresh air inlet or exhaust vent by below in an inclined manner.By seal closure 2, acclivitous hypotenuse is arranged on the limit be positioned at below fresh air inlet 5 and exhaust vent 6 simultaneously, and make the parallel with the bottom of exhaust vent with fresh air inlet below of hypotenuse as far as possible, while avoiding seal closure internal water accumulation, enable to discharge in time into water by fresh air inlet and exhaust vent.

Also be provided with the blower fan of quickening or directed air draft in general rack, fresh air inlet 5 described in the present invention is identical with the blower sizes of air draft in rack with the area of exhaust vent 6.When space allows, the area S of fresh air inlet and exhaust vent can not be less than the size of blower fan and larger ventilation effect is more obvious.If be provided with multiple blower fan in rack in addition, so the gross area of fresh air inlet 5 and exhaust vent 6 can not be less than all blower fans be added after dimensioned area.For preventing current from infiltrating, the width of baffle plate 3 described in the present invention is equal to or slightly less than the internal diameter width of seal closure 2.Keep tight between three sides of baffle plate 3 and seal closure 2 or cabinet 1, namely the shape of baffle plate is consistent with the interior shape of seal closure, and both fit as far as possible as far as possible, like this can also under anti-sealing oozes by seam crossing while controlling wind direction.

For improving the dust-proof effect of seal closure, the present invention is provided with dust-proof cotton 7 on the ventilation hole 4 of the seal closure 2 at described fresh air inlet 5 place.After installing dust-proof cotton, if natural draft can realize IP56 degree of protection; If install blower fan forced air cooling can realize IP46 degree of protection.

The above is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not any pro forma restriction is done to the present invention, although the present invention with preferred embodiment openly as above, but and be not used to limit the present invention, any technical staff being familiar with this patent is not departing within the scope of technical solution of the present invention, make a little change when the technology contents of above-mentioned prompting can be utilized or be modified to the Equivalent embodiments of equivalent variations, in every case be the content not departing from technical solution of the present invention, according to any simple modification that technical spirit of the present invention is done above embodiment, equivalent variations and modification, all still belong in the scope of the present invention program.

Claims (7)

1. the air channel structure of an IPX6 grade rack, the cabinet (1) of described rack is provided with fresh air inlet (5) and exhaust vent (6), it is characterized in that, fresh air inlet (5) inside rack and exhaust vent (6) place are separately installed with seal closure (2), fresh air inlet (5) and exhaust vent (6) cover by described seal closure (2) respectively completely, the top of seal closure (2) is provided with ventilation hole (4), the baffle plate (3) tilted to air draft direction is provided with between seal closure (2) and cabinet (1), described baffle plate (3) is positioned between ventilation hole (4) and fresh air inlet (5) or exhaust vent (6), and ventilation hole (4) is positioned at the top of fresh air inlet (5) or exhaust vent (6),
Baffle plate (3) near fresh air inlet (5) and exhaust vent (6) is fixed on seal closure (2), angle theta between described baffle plate (3) and seal closure (2) is greater than 45 degree and is less than 50 degree, the height H t of described exhaust vent (5) and fresh air inlet (6) upper topside is lower than the height H of bottom baffle plate top margin, and H> (interval A+2500mm) ╳ Ht/2500mm.
2. air channel structure as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described baffle plate (3) is three and staggered being fixed on cabinet (1) and seal closure (2).
3. air channel structure as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, interval A between described baffle plate (3) top and adjacent cabinet (1) or seal closure (2) and the product of seal closure (2) inner width W are more than or equal to the area S of exhaust vent (6) or fresh air inlet (5), and the distance B between two baffle plates (3) is greater than interval A.
4. air channel structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the area of described fresh air inlet (5) and exhaust vent (6) is greater than the blower sizes of air draft in rack.
5. air channel structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described seal closure (2) is bolted on cabinet, between seal closure and cabinet, be provided with water proof rubber pad (8), described water proof rubber pad comprises the outer ring rubber blanket be arranged on outside bolt and the inner ring rubber blanket be arranged on inside bolt.
6. air channel structure as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described baffle plate (3) width is equal to or less than the internal diameter width of seal closure (2).
7. air channel structure as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the ventilation hole (4) of the seal closure (2) at described fresh air inlet (5) place is provided with dust-proof cotton (7).
CN201310530594.2A 2013-10-31 2013-10-31 A kind of air channel structure of IPX6 grade rack CN103635067B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310530594.2A CN103635067B (en) 2013-10-31 2013-10-31 A kind of air channel structure of IPX6 grade rack

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN103635067B true CN103635067B (en) 2015-12-30

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN104578709A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-29 重庆科川电气有限公司 Frequency converter with dust removal and water prevention functions
CN205071524U (en) * 2015-08-12 2016-03-02 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Rack waterproof construction and rack
CN106533134B (en) * 2016-12-15 2019-05-10 重庆科川电气有限公司 A kind of self-enclosed heat dissipation frequency-charger cabinet
CN106838051B (en) * 2017-04-14 2020-05-01 广德县辉达电器有限公司 Dustproof electromagnetic clutch dispels heat
CN108738274A (en) * 2017-04-22 2018-11-02 华为技术有限公司 Radiator structure and cabinet
CN107579464A (en) * 2017-08-11 2018-01-12 上海天灵开关厂有限公司 Labyrinth type dust control by ventilation shutter
US10772226B2 (en) * 2018-03-27 2020-09-08 Otis Elevator Company Waterproof cover

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JP2007173330A (en) * 2005-12-19 2007-07-05 Kawamura Electric Inc Louver
CN200973206Y (en) * 2006-11-16 2007-11-07 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Water-froof device for outdoor cabinet
CN201064019Y (en) * 2007-06-06 2008-05-21 西安青松科技股份有限公司 Strictly waterproof LED display screen casing
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