CN103624294A - Radial drilling machine - Google Patents

Radial drilling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103624294A
CN103624294A CN201310639616.9A CN201310639616A CN103624294A CN 103624294 A CN103624294 A CN 103624294A CN 201310639616 A CN201310639616 A CN 201310639616A CN 103624294 A CN103624294 A CN 103624294A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rocking arm
column
clamping
gear
shaft
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Granted
Application number
CN201310639616.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103624294B (en
Inventor
李洪伟
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SHENYANG JINSHAN MACHINE TOOL Co Ltd
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SHENYANG JINSHAN MACHINE TOOL Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201310639616.9A priority Critical patent/CN103624294B/en
Publication of CN103624294A publication Critical patent/CN103624294A/en
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Publication of CN103624294B publication Critical patent/CN103624294B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B39/00General-purpose boring or drilling machines or devices; Sets of boring and/or drilling machines
    • B23B39/12Radial drilling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • B23Q1/26Movable or adjustable work or tool supports characterised by constructional features relating to the co-operation of relatively movable members; Means for preventing relative movement of such members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/70Stationary or movable members for carrying working-spindles for attachment of tools or work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/02Driving main working members
    • B23Q5/04Driving main working members rotary shafts, e.g. working-spindles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/02Driving main working members
    • B23Q5/04Driving main working members rotary shafts, e.g. working-spindles
    • B23Q5/043Accessories for spindle drives
    • B23Q5/048Speed-changing devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work

Abstract

The invention belongs to the drilling machine field, and in particular relates to a radial drilling machine. A workbench of the radial drilling machine is fixedly arranged at one end of a base, an internal column is fixedly arranged at the other end of the base, an external column is sleeved on the internal column, a rocker arm sleeve is arranged on one end of a rocker arm, the rocker arm sleeve is sleeved on the outer side of the external column, the rocker arm sleeve and the external column form a lead-screw-and-screw-nut fit structure through a rocker arm lifting lead screw and a lifting screw nut, which are used in a matched manner; a column clamping device and a rocker arm lifting safety device are driven by a gearbox body arranged on top of the external column; an opening is formed in the outer end part of the rocker arm sleeve on one end of the rocker arm, a rocker arm clamping device is arranged at the end part, busbars are respectively arranged on the upper and lower sides of the rocker arm, and the busbars adopt the form of hyperbolic curve; a spindle gearbox is mounted on a rocker arm guide rail of the rocker arm, and a main transmission electromagnetic clutch is arranged in the spindle gearbox. With the adoption of the radial drilling machine, the purposes of increasing performance, simplifying structure, facilitating manufacturing, usability, saving energy and facilitating operation are realized.

Description

A kind of radial drilling machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to drilling machine field, be specially a kind of radial drilling machine.
Background technology
Radial drilling machine is a kind of hole process equipment, can be used for boring, reaming, fraising, tapping and repair the processing of the various ways such as scraping end surface.Each position clamping structure of radial drilling machine, can be divided into hydraulic structure and frame for movement; radial drilling machine is easy to operate, flexible; applied widely; there is typical hole processing characteristics; being specially adapted in single-piece or batch production with the hole processing of the large, medium and small type part of porous, is the common lathe in general machining workshop.
As shown in Fig. 1 (b), radial drilling machine is mainly by base 1, outer column 8, radial up-down reduction box 9, shaft transmission 15, workbench 23, tradition inner column 24, conventional rocker 25, conventional rocker guide rail 26 grades partly form, workbench 23 is fixed on the one end on base 1, tradition inner column 24 is fixed on the other end on base 1, the height of tradition inner column root 108 is 480mm, on traditional inner column 24, cover has outer column 8, between outer column 8 and traditional inner column 24, by supporting bearing and bearing roller, connect, outer column 8 can easily turn round ± 180 degree around traditional inner column 24.One end of conventional rocker 25 is rocking arm sleeve 6; rocking arm sleeve 6 is set in outer column 8 outsides; rocking arm sleeve 6 forms screw-nut fit structure with outer column 8 by matching used radial up-down leading screw 12 and lifting nut 13; the radial up-down reduction box 9 by outer column 8 tops drives, and rocking arm sleeve 6 can be moved up and down along outer column 8.Radial up-down leading screw 12 is connected with outer column 8, and lifting nut 13 is fixed in conventional rocker 25, and conventional rocker 25 is turned round around traditional inner column 24 together with outer column 8.
Shaft transmission 15 is composite components, operating mechanism of main drive motor, main shaft and spindle drive, feeding and gear, lathe etc., partly consists of.Shaft transmission 15 is arranged on the conventional rocker guide rail 26(horizontal guide rail of conventional rocker 25 sides) upper, can, by shaft transmission 15 handwheel 21 operations above, shaft transmission 15 be moved on conventional rocker guide rail 26 along conventional rocker 25.
When adding man-hour, by outer column 8, shaft transmission 15, gearbox clamping device 17, traditional inner column 24 etc., shaft transmission 15 is fastened on conventional rocker guide rail 26, and outer column 8 is fastened on traditional inner column 24, conventional rocker 25 is fastened on outer column 8, then carries out drilling processing.Drilling adds man-hour, on one side when the drill bit of the main shaft output of shaft transmission 15 is rotated cutting, Yi Bian carry out length feed, its forms of motion is to comprise: and the main motion of radial drilling machine and the synkinesia of radial drilling machine, wherein:
The main motion of radial drilling machine comprises: the rotatablely moving of (1) radial drilling machine main shaft; (2) length feed of radial drilling machine main shaft.The synkinesia of radial drilling machine comprises: (1) rocking arm vertically moves along outer column; (2) shaft transmission is along the movement of rocker-arm way horizontal direction; (3) rocking arm together with outer column around the gyration of inner column.
Because 25 times side bus of conventional rocker of conventional rocker drilling machine are the type straight line 27 that raises up, can improve like this conventional rocker guide rail 26 in conventional rocker 25 at the height in space, in order to ensure normal working height, need to reduce the height of traditional inner column root 108, make the height of traditional inner column root 108 be down to 480mm, cause the reduction of inside and outside column rigidity.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of radial drilling machine, reach increase performance, designs simplification, easily make, should use, the object of energy-conservation, easy manipulation.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
A radial drilling machine, this radial drilling machine comprises base, inner column, rocking arm, outer column, deceleration box, shaft transmission and workbench, concrete structure is as follows:
Workbench is fixed on the one end on base, inner column is fixed on the other end of base, on inner column, cover has outer column; one end of rocking arm is rocking arm sleeve; rocking arm sleeve set is in outer column outside; rocking arm sleeve and outer column form screw-nut fit structure by matching used radial up-down leading screw and lifting nut, and the deceleration box at outer column top arranges column clamping device, radial up-down safeties in driving; The rocking arm sleeve outer end opening of rocking arm one end, this position arranges rocking arm clamping device, and the upper and lower side of rocking arm all arranges bus, and upper and lower side bus adopts hyperbola; Shaft transmission is arranged on the rocker-arm way of rocking arm, and main transformer speed electromagnetic clutch is set in shaft transmission.
Described radial drilling machine, shaft transmission comprises main shaft double-speed motor, reinforced main shaft, main shaft double-speed motor is installed at the top of shaft transmission, reinforced main shaft is installed in the bottom of shaft transmission, before shaft transmission, be provided with feeding dial, axis feeding limit device, hand feed safeties position, determine journey switch enclosure, handwheel, the side of shaft transmission arranges gearbox clamping device, and the reinforced main shaft of shaft transmission is corresponding with the workbench on base.
Described radial drilling machine; rocking arm clamping device comprises: right rocking arm clamping part, left rocking arm clamping part, screw mandrel, coupling, decelerator, motor cabinet, clamping screw, upper reinforcement bar, screw, slide block, guide holder, lower reinforcement bar, rocking arm sleeve elastic force opening, right rocking arm clamp bracket, left rocking arm clamp bracket, concrete structure is as follows:
The highlight of rocking arm sleeve outer end is divided into right rocking arm clamping part by rocking arm sleeve elastic force opening, left rocking arm clamping part, two parts are oppositely arranged, at right rocking arm clamping part and left rocking arm clamping part outside, right rocking arm clamp bracket and left rocking arm clamp bracket are set respectively, right rocking arm clamp bracket is mated with right rocking arm clamping part profile, left rocking arm clamp bracket is mated with the profile of left rocking arm clamping part, right rocking arm clamping part, left rocking arm clamping part, right rocking arm clamp bracket and left rocking arm clamp bracket are symmetrical structure, between right rocking arm clamping part and left rocking arm clamping part, be symmetrical arranged reinforcement bar and lower reinforcement bar,
One end of left rocking arm clamp bracket, left rocking arm clamping part is connected by clamping screw with upper reinforcement bar, and the other end of left rocking arm clamp bracket, left rocking arm clamping part is connected by clamping screw with lower reinforcement bar; One end of right rocking arm clamp bracket, right rocking arm clamping part is connected by clamping screw with upper reinforcement bar, and the other end of right rocking arm clamp bracket, right rocking arm clamping part is connected by clamping screw with lower reinforcement bar; Thereby, form upper and lower two pairs of locking mechanisms;
At rocking arm clamping device core, wear screw mandrel, decelerator, screw, slide block and be connected in the guide holder on clamping support, one end of guide holder is connected with right rocking arm clamp bracket, the other end of guide holder arranges slide block, screw, one end of screw mandrel is connected by coupling with the output of decelerator, and the other end of screw mandrel coordinates with screw, slide block.
Described radial drilling machine, reinforcement bar both sides are provided with two travel switch travel control switch I, travel control switch II.
Described radial drilling machine, in the deceleration box that column clamping device is installed on, column clamping device comprises: increase tool arm, locking nut, transverse axis, decelerator, gear coupling, interior gear coupling, screw mandrel, travel switch, thrust bearing, latch plate, bearing block, pressure bearing, supporting radial ball bearing, revolution roller, concrete structure is as follows:
The top of outer column arranges deceleration box, and outer column is in transmission connection by revolution roller and the inner column of the pressure bearing in bearing block, supporting radial ball bearing and outer column inside lower end; Inner column extends in deceleration box through outer column, and the external part of inner column is connected by locking nut with the force increasing arm in deceleration box; Force increasing arm, decelerator are set in deceleration box, and one end and the deceleration box of force increasing arm are hinged, and the other end and the decelerator of force increasing arm are hinged; The output of decelerator is by one end of gear coupling, interior gear coupling connection wire rod, and the other end of screw mandrel connects thrust bearing, and a side of decelerator arranges travel switch.
Described radial drilling machine, main transformer speed electromagnetic clutch in main-gear box comprises: power transmission shaft, forward gear, positive and negative gear, forward electromagnetic clutch, reversion electromagnetic clutch, motor gear, counter gear, idler gear, brake electric magnet clutch, and concrete structure is as follows:
Integrated three electromagnetic clutch in shaft transmission: forward electromagnetic clutch, reversion electromagnetic clutch and brake electric magnet clutch, the main shaft speed change two-speed motor of main shaft speed change box top adopts two-speed motor, on the motor output shaft of main shaft speed change two-speed motor, motor gear is set, motor gear respectively with forward electromagnetic clutch on the gear that arranges, the gear arranging on reversion electromagnetic clutch is meshed, forward gear is set on the power transmission shaft of forward electromagnetic clutch, in the installation shaft of reversion electromagnetic clutch, idler gear and brake electric magnet clutch are set, forward gear and idler gear are oppositely arranged and mesh.
Described radial drilling machine, hand feed safeties comprise: power input shaft, manually adjust swivel nut, gland, inner attrition piece, outside friction disc, spline housing, friction bar, feed worm axle, concrete structure is as follows:
Spline housing and friction bar are installed on power input shaft, the arranged outside inner attrition piece of spline housing, outside friction disc are on friction bar, inner attrition piece, outside friction disc top arrange manual adjustment swivel nut, gland, friction bar is installed on feeding electromagnetic clutch top, feeding electromagnetic clutch is installed on feed worm axle, and feed worm axle one end is corresponding with one end of power input shaft.
Described radial drilling machine, axis feeding limit device comprises: determine journey switch enclosure, feeding electromagnetic clutch, adjust backing plate, travel switch, travel switch wheel, locating wheel, feeding dial, concrete structure is as follows:
Feeding dial side is provided with recess, described indent arranges locating wheel, determines, in journey switch enclosure, matching used adjustment backing plate, travel switch, travel switch wheel are set, and travel switch is arranged to be adjusted on backing plate, travel switch wheel arranges travel switch one side, and locating wheel is corresponding with travel switch wheel.
Described radial drilling machine, radial up-down safeties are installed in deceleration box, comprising: gland, manually adjust bolt, inner attrition piece, outside friction disc, gear friction bar, spline housing, concrete structure is as follows:
Spline housing and gear friction bar are installed on radial up-down leading screw, the arranged outside inner attrition piece of spline housing, outside friction disc are on gear friction bar, inner attrition piece, outside friction disc top arrange pad and gland, and gland is installed on the top of radial up-down leading screw by manual adjustment bolt.
Described radial drilling machine, shaft transmission adopts reinforced main-shaft head structure, this structure comprises: collar bush, internal withdraw type spindle nose, thrust ball bearing, conical bore double row cylindrical roller, adjusting pad, spindle taper hole, and all the other afterbodys are all same as traditional main-shaft head structure, and concrete structure is as follows:
One end of collar bush is with main shaft flange, main shaft flange place offers heavy caliber endoporus, internal withdraw type spindle nose extends in the heavy caliber endoporus of collar bush with one end of tapering, internal withdraw type spindle nose coordinates by thrust ball bearing, conical bore double row cylindrical roller with collar bush, spindle taper hole is offered at internal withdraw type spindle nose center, and one end of spindle taper hole is positioned at the center of main shaft flange.
Advantage of the present invention and beneficial effect are:
1. the present invention is the radial drilling machine of the unique innovation of a kind of electromechanical integration, product is had increase performance, designs simplification, easily makes, should use, the feature of energy-conservation, easy manipulation.
2. in the present invention, the upper and lower side bus of rocking arm is hyperbola (seeing Fig. 1 (a)), because hyperbola can reduce rocker-arm way at the height in space, thereby can increase the height of inner column root, and in order to increase the rigidity of column, it is attractive in appearance streamlined that profile is.
3. the present invention adopts two-speed motor on radial drilling machine, and two-speed motor can be realized the switching of main transformer speed high and low rotating speed, both can increase speed change class, time saving and energy saving again, presses push button moment.Like this, at live load, hour can transfer low-power gear to, can avoid using all the time high power gear to work long hours, to reach the effect of energy-conservation, reduction of discharging, low-carbon (LC), and flexible operation, one touch existing.
4. the present invention adopts ripe deceleration electric machine technology (seeing Fig. 2, Fig. 3); the inner column of radial drilling machine, outer column clamp and rocking arm clamps; traditional hydraulic clamp complex structure; the present invention adopts ready-made deceleration electric machine technology; realize the clamping at above-mentioned two positions; simple, reliable, easily manufactures.
5. the present invention adopts the mature technology (see figure 4) of electromagnetic clutch, and four electromagnetic clutch are set in main-gear box, and three electromagnetic clutch of employing are switched in the rotating of main transformer speed, are respectively: forward, reversion, brake.All interlocking action, in an integrated package, is controlled whole action and in 0.3~0.5 second, is completed (capable of regulating), and this structure replaces the rotating that former whole hydraulic system completes to switch action.
6. the present invention establishes boring, tapping switching and boring, tapping is determined journey (see figure 5), because feeding and rotating all adopt electromagnetic clutch to complete, the present invention establishes one stroke switch on feeding dial, this structure had both replaced the machinery of radial drilling machine complexity in decades to determine journey structure, increased again self-tapping retraction newly, safe and reliable.
7. feeding insurance of the present invention and radial up-down safeties (seeing Fig. 5, Fig. 6), two place's safeties all adopt manual adjustment friction plate, simple in structure, reliable, with simple Dai Fan.
8. the present invention adopts the powerful main shaft (seeing Fig. 7 (a)) of internal withdraw type, replaces traditional cantilever type main-shaft head structure (seeing Fig. 7 (b)).Powerful main shaft, because spindle nose adopts conical bore double row cylindrical roller, makes to be reduced in fore bearing in spindle taper hole, so reduce the length that overhangs of main shaft and instrument, has greatly increased the cutting rigidity of main shaft, has improved the machining accuracy of lathe.Make the more applicable mold manufacturing industry of lathe and the manufacturing use of ground tackle.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 (a)-Fig. 1 (b) is the new and old moulding surface structure of radial drilling machine schematic diagram.Wherein,
Fig. 1 (a) is radial drilling machine of the present invention; In figure, 1 base; 2 inner columns; 3 rocking arm clamping devices; 4 feeding dials; 5 axis feeding limit devices; 6 rocking arm sleeves; 7 rocking arms; 8 outer columns; 10 column clamping devices; 11 radial up-down safeties; 12 radial up-down leading screws; 13 lifting nuts; 14 main shaft double-speed motor; 15 shaft transmissions; 16 hand feed safeties; 17 gearbox clamping devices; 18 rocker-arm waies; 19 hyperbolas; 20 determine journey switch enclosure; 21 handwheels; 22 reinforced main shafts; 23 workbench; 107 inner column roots; 55 deceleration box.
Fig. 1 (b) is conventional rocker drilling machine; In figure, 1 base; 6 rocking arm sleeves; 8 outer columns; 9 radial up-down reduction boxes; 12 radial up-down leading screws; 13 lifting nuts; 15 shaft transmissions; 17 gearbox clamping devices; 21 handwheels; 23 workbench; 24 traditional inner columns; 25 conventional rocker; 26 conventional rocker guide rails; The 27 type straight lines that raise up; 108 traditional inner column roots.
Fig. 2. rocking arm clamping device schematic diagram.In figure, in figure, 28 left rocking arm clamping parts; 29 screw mandrels; 30 couplings; 31 decelerators; 32 motor cabinets; 33 clamping screws; Reinforcement bar on 34; 35 screws; 36 slide blocks; 37 guide holders; 38 travel control switch I; 39 travel control switch II; 40 screws; 41 steady pins; 42 times reinforcement bars; 43 rocking arm sleeve elastic force openings; 44 right rocking arm clamp bracket; 45 left rocking arm clamp bracket; 83 right rocking arm clamping parts.
Fig. 3 inner column of the present invention, outer column clamping device schematic diagram.In figure, 2 inner columns; 8 outer columns; 46 increase tool arm; 47 locking nuts; 48 transverse axis; 49 decelerators; 50 gear couplings; 51 interior gear couplings; 52 screw mandrels; 53 travel switches; 54 thrust bearings; 55 deceleration box; 56 latch plates; 57 bearing blocks; 58 pressure bearings; 59 supporting radial ball bearings; 60 revolution rollers.
Fig. 4. the configuration schematic diagram of main transformer speed electromagnetic clutch in main-gear box of the present invention.In figure, 14 main shaft double-speed motor; 61 radial ball bearings; 62 power transmission shafts; 63 forward gears; 64 positive and negative gears; 65 forward electromagnetic clutch; 66 reversion electromagnetic clutch; 67 bearings; 68 motor gears; 69 counter gears; 70 bearings; 71 idler gears; 72 brake electric magnet clutch; 73 bearings.
Fig. 5 (a)-Fig. 5 (b). axis feeding limit device of the present invention and hand feed safeties schematic diagram.Wherein, Fig. 5 (a) is front view; Fig. 5 (b) is top view.In figure, 4 feeding dials; 20 determine journey switch enclosure; 74 power input shafts; 75 manually adjust swivel nut; 76 glands; 77 feeding electromagnetic clutch; 78 inner attrition pieces; 79 outside friction discs; 80 spline housings; 81 friction bars; 82 feed worm axles; 84 adjust backing plate; 85 travel switches; 86 travel switch wheels; 87 locating wheels.
Fig. 6. rocking arm feeding of the present invention and radial up-down safeties schematic diagram.In figure, 12 radial up-down leading screws; 89 glands; 90 manually adjust bolt; 91 pads; 92 inner attrition pieces; 93 outside friction discs; 94 gear friction bars; 95 spline housings.
Fig. 7 (a)-Fig. 7 (b). the reinforced main-shaft head structure of the present invention and traditional type main-shaft head structure schematic diagram.Wherein,
Fig. 7 (a) is the reinforced main-shaft head structure of the present invention; In figure, 96 collar bushes; 97 internal withdraw type spindle noses; 98 thrust ball bearings; 99 conical bore double row cylindrical rollers; 100 adjusting pads; 101 spindle taper holes; 109 main shaft flanges.
Fig. 7 (b) is traditional main-shaft head structure.In figure, 102 collar bushes; 103 thrust ball bearings; 104 radial ball bearings; 105 spindle noses that overhang; 106 spindle taper holes.
The specific embodiment
1. as shown in Fig. 1 (a) and Fig. 3, radial drilling machine is mainly partly comprised of base 1, inner column 2, rocking arm 7, outer column 8, deceleration box 55, shaft transmission 15 and workbench 23 etc., and concrete structure is as follows:
Workbench 23 is fixed on the one end on base 1, and inner column 2 is fixed on the other end of base 1, and the height of inner column root 107 is 600mm, and on inner column 2, cover has outer column 8, and outer column 8 can be around inner column 2 revolution ± 180 degree.One end of rocking arm 7 is rocking arm sleeve 6; rocking arm sleeve 6 is sleeved on outer column 8 outsides; rocking arm sleeve 6 forms screw-nut fit structure with outer column 8 by matching used radial up-down leading screw 12 and lifting nut 13; deceleration box 55 by outer column 8 tops drives; rocking arm sleeve 6 can be moved up and down along outer column 8, column clamping device 10, radial up-down safeties 11 are set in deceleration box 55.For the ease of the rocking arm sleeve 6 of rocking arm 7 one end is fixed on outer column 8, the outer end opening of rocking arm sleeve 6, this position arranges rocking arm clamping device 3.Radial up-down leading screw 12 is connected with outer column 8, and lifting nut 13 is fixed on rocking arm 7, and rocking arm 7 turns round around inner column 2 together with outer column 8.
Shaft transmission 15 is composite components, by operating mechanism of main shaft double-speed motor 14, reinforced main shaft 22 and spindle drive (see figure 4), feeding and gear, lathe etc., partly formed, main shaft double-speed motor 14 is installed at the top of shaft transmission 15, reinforced main shaft 22 is installed in the bottom of shaft transmission 15, shaft transmission 15 is provided with feeding dial 4, axis feeding limit device 5, hand feed safeties position 16 above, determines journey switch enclosure 20, handwheel 21, and the side of shaft transmission 15 arranges gearbox clamping device 17.Shaft transmission 15 is arranged on the rocker-arm way 18(horizontal guide rail of rocking arm 7) on, can be by shaft transmission 15 handwheel 21 operations above, make shaft transmission 15 on rocker-arm way 18 along rocking arm 7 traveling priorities, the reinforced main shaft 22 of shaft transmission 15 is corresponding with the workbench 23 on base 1.During work, workpiece is placed on workbench 23 or on base 1 processing, or makes rocking arm 7 produce base 1 plane to extend out the large range of work.Thereby, make radial drilling machine in a cylindrical solid space, on optional position, do upright opening drilling processing.
When adding man-hour, by gearbox clamping device 17, main transformer axle speed case 15 is fastened on the rocker-arm way 18 of rocking arm, and outer column 8 is shown in Fig. 3 by column clamping device 10() be fastened on inner column 2; rocking arm 7 is shown in Fig. 2 by the rocking arm clamping device 3(installing on rocking arm sleeve 6 positions, outer end) be fastened on outer column 8, then carry out drilling processing.Drilling adds man-hour, when the drill bit of the main shaft output of shaft transmission 15 is rotated cutting, and meanwhile carry out length feed, by axis feeding limit device 5 with determine the journey switch enclosure 20 control amount of feeding.
In the present invention, in order to increase radial drilling machine system processing intensity; the upper and lower side of rocking arm 7 all arranges bus; upper and lower side bus adopts hyperbola 19; because hyperbola 19 can reduce the rocker-arm way 18 of rocking arm 7 at the height in space; thus the height that can increase inner column root 107 to 600mm, outer column 8 is set on inner column 2, can significantly increase the rigidity of support of inside and outside column.In the present invention, travel switch can be the conventional travel switches such as mechanical type limit switch or approach switch.
2. as shown in Fig. 1 (a) and Fig. 2; rocking arm clamping device 3 mainly comprises: right rocking arm clamping part 83, left rocking arm clamping part 28, screw mandrel 29, coupling 30, decelerator 31, motor cabinet 32, clamping screw 33(4), upper reinforcement bar 34, screw 35, slide block 36, guide holder 37, travel control switch I 38, travel control switch II 39, screw 40, steady pin 41, lower reinforcement bar 42, rocking arm sleeve elastic force opening 43, right rocking arm clamp bracket 44, left rocking arm clamp bracket 45 etc., concrete structure is as follows:
The highlight of rocking arm sleeve 6 outer ends is divided into right rocking arm clamping part 83 by rocking arm sleeve elastic force opening 43, left rocking arm clamping part 28, two parts are oppositely arranged, at right rocking arm clamping part 83 and left rocking arm clamping part 28 outsides, right rocking arm clamp bracket 44 and left rocking arm clamp bracket 45 are set respectively, right rocking arm clamp bracket 44 is mated with right rocking arm clamping part 83 profiles, left rocking arm clamp bracket 45 is mated with the profile of left rocking arm clamping part 28, right rocking arm clamping part 83, left rocking arm clamping part 28, right rocking arm clamp bracket 44 and left rocking arm clamp bracket 45 are symmetrical structure, between right rocking arm clamping part 83 and left rocking arm clamping part 28, be symmetrical arranged reinforcement bar 34 and lower reinforcement bar 42,
One end of left rocking arm clamp bracket 45, left rocking arm clamping part 28 is connected by clamping screw 33 with upper reinforcement bar 34, and the other end of left rocking arm clamp bracket 45, left rocking arm clamping part 28 is connected by clamping screw 33 with lower reinforcement bar 42; One end of right rocking arm clamp bracket 44, right rocking arm clamping part 83 is connected by clamping screw 33 with upper reinforcement bar 34, and the other end of right rocking arm clamp bracket 44, right rocking arm clamping part 83 is connected by clamping screw 33 with lower reinforcement bar 42; Thereby, form upper and lower two pairs of locking mechanisms.
At rocking arm clamping device 3 cores, wear screw mandrel 29, decelerator 31, screw 35, slide block 36 and be connected in the guide holder 37 in right rocking arm clamp bracket 44, one end of guide holder 37 is connected with right rocking arm clamp bracket 44, the other end of guide holder 37 arranges slide block 36, screw 35, decelerator 31 by screw 40, steady pin 41, is connected in the fixed pan place of left rocking arm clamp bracket 45 one end by motor cabinet 32.One end of screw mandrel 29 is connected by coupling 30 with the output of decelerator 31, the other end of screw mandrel 29 and screw 35, slide block 36 threaded engagement, by this screw mandrel 29, screw 35 fit structures, decelerator 31 drives left rocking arm clamping part 28 and right rocking arm clamping part 83 clamp outer column 8 or separate with outer column 8.
During work, when decelerator 31 forward or reverse running, by coupling 30, screw mandrel 29, rotate, can push away, wire drawing mother 35, slide block 36 do rectilinear motion in guide holder 37, reinforcement bar 34 in promotion, lower reinforcement bar 42 swings, by leverage reinforcement, pull four clamping screws 33, thereby make left rocking arm clamp bracket 45, right rocking arm clamp bracket 44 two parts do separation or draw close movement, to reach rocking arm sleeve, on column jacket, realize clamping or unclamp action.The size of clamping force is to realize by adjusting two travel switch travel control switch I 38, travel control switch II 39 of mobile reinforcement bar both sides.
3. as shown in Figure 3, for clamping the column clamping device 10 of inner column 2, outer column 8, be installed on the deceleration box 55 of Fig. 1, mainly comprise: increase tool arm 46, locking nut 47, transverse axis 48, decelerator 49(6IKA-S), gear coupling 50, interior gear coupling 51, screw mandrel 52, travel switch 53, thrust bearing 54, latch plate 56, bearing block 57, pressure bearing 58, supporting radial ball bearing 59, revolution roller 60 etc., concrete structure is as follows:
The top of outer column 8 arranges deceleration box 55, and outer column 8 is in transmission connection with inner column 2 by the revolution roller 60 of the pressure bearing 58 in bearing block 57, supporting radial ball bearing 59 and outer column 8 inside lower end.When inner column 2, outer column 8 releasing orientation, the latch plate 56 by bearing block 57 tops, inner column 2 outsides is supported in deceleration box 55, and outer column 8 is relatively easily turned round.Inner column 2 extends in deceleration box 55 through outer column 8, and the external part of inner column 2 is connected by locking nut 47 with the force increasing arm 46 in deceleration box 55; Force increasing arm 46, decelerator 49 are set in deceleration box 55, and one end of force increasing arm 46 and deceleration box 55 are hinged, and the other end of force increasing arm 46 and decelerator 49 are hinged.The output of decelerator 49 is by one end of gear coupling 50, interior gear coupling 51 connection wire rods 52, and the other end of screw mandrel 52 connects thrust bearing 54, and a side of decelerator 49 arranges travel switch 53.Thereby, by decelerator 49, drive thrust bearing 54, deceleration box 55 is exerted pressure, further outer column 8 is pressed to inner column 2, by locking inclined-plane corresponding between inner column 2, outer column 8, locked, the size of coupling mechanism force realizes by adjusting travel switch 53, and now radial drilling machine enters duty.
4. as Figure 1 and Figure 4, in main-gear box 15, main transformer speed electromagnetic clutch mainly comprises: radial ball bearing 61, power transmission shaft 62, forward gear 63, positive and negative gear 64, forward electromagnetic clutch 65(DLM3), reversion electromagnetic clutch 66(DLM3), bearing 67, motor gear 68, counter gear 69, bearing 70, idler gear 71, brake electric magnet clutch 72(DLM3), bearing 73 etc., concrete structure is as follows:
Interior integrated three electromagnetic clutch of shaft transmission 15: forward electromagnetic clutch 65, reversion electromagnetic clutch 66 and brake electric magnet clutch 72, the main shaft double-speed motor 14 at shaft transmission 15 tops adopts two-speed motor, motor gear 68 is set on the motor output shaft of main shaft double-speed motor 14, motor gear 68 respectively with forward electromagnetic clutch 65 on the positive and negative gear 64 that arranges, the counter gear 69 arranging on reversion electromagnetic clutch 66 is meshed, on the power transmission shaft 62 of forward electromagnetic clutch 65, forward gear 63 is set, in the installation shaft of reversion electromagnetic clutch 66, idler gear 71 and brake electric magnet clutch 72 are set, forward gear 63 is oppositely arranged and meshes with idler gear 71.Wherein, power transmission shaft 62 two ends coordinate with main-gear box 15 by radial ball bearing 61 respectively, and the installation shaft two ends of reversion electromagnetic clutch 66 coordinate with main-gear box 15 by bearing 67, bearing 70 and bearing 73 respectively.
When motor gear 68 is when rotating counterclockwise, as forward electromagnetic clutch 65, connect, power transmission shaft 62 clockwise rotates.When 65 power-off moments of forward electromagnetic clutch, brake electric magnet clutch 72 work 0.3 second, power-off immediately (now each power transmission shaft stops operating), reversion electromagnetic clutch 66 is connected at once, by idler gear 71 power, pass to gear 63, power transmission shaft 62 rotates backward.
5. as shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 5 (a)-Fig. 5 (b), hand feed safeties 16 mainly comprise: power input shaft 74, manually adjust swivel nut 75, gland 76, inner attrition piece 78, outside friction disc 79, spline housing 80, friction bar 81, feed worm axle 82 etc., concrete structure is as follows:
Feeding electromagnetic clutch 77 is installed on the feeding dial 4 in Fig. 1 shaft transmission 15, axis feeding limit device 5, hand adjustment feeding safeties 16, determine journey switch enclosure 20 places, spline housing 80 and friction bar 81 are installed on power input shaft 74, the arranged outside inner attrition piece 78 of spline housing 80, outside friction disc 79 is on friction bar 81, inner attrition piece 78, outside friction disc 79 tops arrange manual adjustment swivel nut 75, gland 76, friction bar 81 is installed on feeding electromagnetic clutch 77 tops, feeding electromagnetic clutch 77 is installed on feed worm axle 82, feed worm axle 82 one end are corresponding with one end of power input shaft 74.With hand-screw, start to adjust swivel nut 75, by gland 76, inner attrition piece 78, outside friction disc 79 are exerted pressure, when feed worm axle 82 moment of torsion excess load, friction plate skids, and feeding stops, to protect feed mechanism.
Axis feeding limit device 5 mainly comprises: determine journey switch enclosure 20, feeding electromagnetic clutch 77(DLM3), adjust backing plate 84, travel switch 85, travel switch wheel 86, locating wheel 87, feeding dial 4 etc., concrete structure is as follows:
Feeding dial 4 sides are provided with recess, described indent arranges locating wheel 87, determine to arrange in journey switch enclosure 20 matching used adjustment backing plate 84, travel switch 85, travel switch wheel 86, travel switch 85 is arranged to be adjusted on backing plate 84, travel switch wheel 86 arranges travel switch 85 1 sides, and it is 86 corresponding that locating wheel 87 and travel switch are taken turns.
The mobile or fixed locating wheel 87 of the available hand of feeding dial 4 indent peripheral hardware one, when rotating on feeding dial 4(feeding dial 4, be carved with working depth groove, being illustrated as feed-disabling state) while reserving feeding depth in advance, locking positioning wheel 87, gets final product power feed.When locating wheel 87 is with feeding dial 4 power feeds, and press travel switch and take turns 86 o'clock, feeding electromagnetic clutch 77 disconnects, and feeding stops.When being set as determining journey tapping, locating wheel 87 presses travel switch and takes turns 86 o'clock, and three electromagnetic clutch in spindle drive case 15 (seeing Fig. 4 forward electromagnetic clutch 65, reversion electromagnetic clutch 66, brake electric magnet clutch 72) continuous operation main shaft reversion is return.
6. as shown in Figure 6, radial up-down safeties 11 are installed in the deceleration box 55 of Fig. 1, mainly comprise: gland 89, manually adjust bolt 90, pad 91, inner attrition piece 92, outside friction disc 93, gear friction bar 94, spline housing 95 etc., concrete structure is as follows:
Spline housing 95 and gear friction bar 94 are installed on radial up-down leading screw 12, the arranged outside inner attrition piece 92 of spline housing 95, outside friction disc 93 are on gear friction bar 94, inner attrition piece 92, outside friction disc 93 tops arrange pad 91 and gland 89, and gland 89 is installed on the top of radial up-down leading screw 12 by manual adjustment bolt 90.When manual rotation is manually adjusted bolt 90; by gland 89, by padding 91, press to inner attrition piece 92, outside friction disc 93; adjust the torque that radial up-down leading screw 12 can bear; after testing by radial up-down, determine the pressure of gland 89; if unexpected rocking arm 7 is cannot lifting time (when radial up-down leading screw 12 surpasses moment of torsion work); friction plate skids, in order to protect lowering or hoisting gear.
7. as shown in Fig. 7 (a), the reinforced main-shaft head structure of the present invention mainly comprises: heavy caliber collar bush 96, internal withdraw type spindle nose 97, thrust ball bearing 98, conical bore double row cylindrical roller 99, adjusting pad 100, spindle taper hole 101 etc., all the other afterbodys are all same as traditional main-shaft head structure, and concrete structure is as follows:
One end of collar bush 96 is with main shaft flange 109, main shaft flange 109 places offer heavy caliber endoporus, internal withdraw type spindle nose 97 extends in the heavy caliber endoporus of heavy caliber collar bush 96 with one end of tapering, internal withdraw type spindle nose 97 passes through thrust ball bearing 98 with heavy caliber collar bush 96, conical bore double row cylindrical roller 99 coordinates, thrust ball bearing 98, between conical bore double row cylindrical roller 99 and internal withdraw type spindle nose 97, adjusting pad 100 is set, spindle taper hole 101 is offered at internal withdraw type spindle nose 97 centers, one end of spindle taper hole 101 is positioned at the center of main shaft flange 109.In the present embodiment, because coordinating main shaft flange 109 external diameters of one end with internal withdraw type spindle nose 97, strengthens by collar bush 96, the length that internal withdraw type spindle nose 97 is extended in heavy caliber collar bush 96 increases, and the part that internal withdraw type spindle nose 97 extends in collar bush 96 is the tapered configuration that Φ 65mm to Φ 40mm diameter diminishes gradually.
Main feature of the present invention is: the diameter that increases collar bush 96 exposed junctions, increase the diameter of conical bore double row cylindrical roller 99 in internal withdraw type spindle nose 97, increase the specification of thrust ball bearing 98, internal withdraw type spindle nose 97, spindle taper hole 101 are inside contracted to high-intensity conical bore double row cylindrical roller 99 endoporus, thereby reduced greatly the length that overhangs of internal withdraw type spindle nose 97, improved the rigidity of main shaft.The fore bearing of main shaft, owing to having adopted the conical bore double row cylindrical roller 99 that load-bearing capacity is very high, makes main shaft can bear larger load and improve job stability and machining accuracy.
As shown in Fig. 7 (b), the main-shaft head structure of traditional radial drilling machine mainly comprises: collar bush 102, thrust ball bearing 103, radial ball bearing 104, the spindle nose 105 overhanging, spindle taper hole 106 etc., and concrete structure is as follows:
Collar bush 102 is identical with the external diameter of the spindle nose 105 overhanging, and between collar bush 102 and the spindle nose 105 overhanging, by thrust ball bearing 103, radial ball bearing 104, coordinates, and spindle taper hole 106 is positioned at the outside of collar bush 102.
Fig. 7 (a) and Fig. 7 (b) is more visible, the main shaft of same specification, the internal withdraw type spindle nose 97(that the fore bearing radial ball bearing 104 of the spindle nose 105 that tradition overhangs and front axle journal are significantly smaller than the reinforced main tapping of the present invention is shown in Fig. 7 (a)), and the spindle taper hole 106 for erecting tools extends forward, strengthened the length that overhangs of the spindle nose 105 overhanging, made to cut rigidity and reduce.
Take Z3050 specification as example, the bearing capacity comparison by two kinds of main tappings that main shaft adopts, sees the following form:
Result shows, the radial drilling machine of the unique innovation of electromechanical integration of the present invention, have increase performance, designs simplification, easily make, should use, the feature of energy-conservation, easy manipulation, specific as follows:
One, complete machine external form changes
The upper and lower side bus of rocking arm is hyperbola, and traditional is the type of raising up.See Fig. 1.Because hyperbola can reduce rocker-arm way at the height in space, thus the height of increase column root, in order to increase the rigidity of column.
Two, on radial drilling machine, adopt two-speed motor
Adopt two-speed motor to realize the switching of main transformer speed high and low rotating speed, both can increase speed change class, time saving and energy saving again, press push button moment.The present invention is in most of service time like this, and load (is holed and existed when following 70% when lower), the green energy conservation gear work that available horsepower is 2.2kw.When meeting when load surpasses 70%, (boring exists when above), then to select power be the powerful gear work of redness of 2.8kw.Can avoid like this using all the time under high power state working, to reach the effect of energy-conservation, reduction of discharging, low-carbon (LC), and flexible operation, one touch existing.
Three, adopt ripe packaged reducer technology
The inner column of radial drilling machine, outer column clamp and rocking arm clamps, traditional hydraulic clamp complex structure, and the present invention adopts ready-made packaged reducer technology, realizes the clamping at above-mentioned two positions, simple, reliable, easily manufactures.See Fig. 2, Fig. 3.
Four, adopt the mature technology of electromagnetic clutch
(1) the present invention adopts four of electromagnetic clutch, and three electromagnetic clutch of employing are switched in the rotating of main transformer speed, are respectively: forward, brake, reversion.The course of work: during forward electromagnetic clutch connection work, brake and the power-off of reversion electromagnetic clutch.When instruction is reversion work, in the time of the power-off of forward electromagnetic clutch, brake electric magnet clutch is connected power-off after 0.3 second, main shaft can moment reduction of speed, parking, the work of reversion electromagnetic clutch, realizes reversion.Electromagnetic clutch is all interlocked action in an integrated package, and whole action completed (capable of regulating) in 0.3~0.5 second, and this structure replaces the rotating that former whole hydraulic system completes to switch action, sees Fig. 4.
(2) journey is determined in boring, tapping switching and boring, tapping, because feeding and rotating all adopt electromagnetic clutch to complete, the present invention establishes one stroke switch on feeding dial, when main shaft work feed is during to desired depth, the travel switch set up of collision: 1. when change-over switch is adjusted to boring work and keeps off, the power-off of feeding electromagnetic clutch, main shaft is feed-disabling, manually retracted (main shaft still rotates), sees Fig. 4, Fig. 5.2. when change-over switch is adjusted to tapping work gear, at once start three electromagnetic clutch of main transformer speed, main shaft reversion is return automatically.This structure had both replaced the machinery of radial drilling machine complexity in decades to determine journey structure, had increased again self-tapping retraction newly.
Five, improve feeding insurance and radial up-down safeties
Two place's safeties all adopt manual adjustment friction plate, simple in structure, reliable, with simple Dai Fan.See Fig. 5, Fig. 6.
Six, adopt strength principal axis header structure
The present invention adopts the powerful main-shaft head structure of internal withdraw type, replaces traditional exposed main-shaft head structure.Because spindle nose adopts 3182113 conical bore double row cylindrical rollers, make to be reduced in fore bearing in instrument cone tail, so reduce the length that overhangs of main shaft and instrument, greatly increased the cutting rigidity of main shaft, improved the machining accuracy of lathe.The use that the more applicable mold manufacturing industry of lathe and ground tackle are manufactured, is shown in Fig. 7.

Claims (10)

1. a radial drilling machine, is characterized in that, this radial drilling machine comprises base, inner column, rocking arm, outer column, deceleration box, shaft transmission and workbench, and concrete structure is as follows:
Workbench is fixed on the one end on base, inner column is fixed on the other end of base, on inner column, cover has outer column; one end of rocking arm is rocking arm sleeve; rocking arm sleeve set is in outer column outside; rocking arm sleeve and outer column form screw-nut fit structure by matching used radial up-down leading screw and lifting nut, and the deceleration box at outer column top arranges column clamping device, radial up-down safeties in driving; The rocking arm sleeve outer end opening of rocking arm one end, this position arranges rocking arm clamping device, and the upper and lower side of rocking arm all arranges bus, and upper and lower side bus adopts hyperbola; Shaft transmission is arranged on the rocker-arm way of rocking arm, and main transformer speed electromagnetic clutch is set in shaft transmission.
2. according to radial drilling machine claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, shaft transmission comprises main shaft double-speed motor, reinforced main shaft, main shaft double-speed motor is installed at the top of shaft transmission, reinforced main shaft is installed in the bottom of shaft transmission, before shaft transmission, be provided with feeding dial, axis feeding limit device, hand feed safeties position, determine journey switch enclosure, handwheel, the side of shaft transmission arranges gearbox clamping device, and the reinforced main shaft of shaft transmission is corresponding with the workbench on base.
3. according to radial drilling machine claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that; rocking arm clamping device comprises: right rocking arm clamping part, left rocking arm clamping part, screw mandrel, coupling, decelerator, motor cabinet, clamping screw, upper reinforcement bar, screw, slide block, guide holder, lower reinforcement bar, rocking arm sleeve elastic force opening, right rocking arm clamp bracket, left rocking arm clamp bracket, concrete structure is as follows:
The highlight of rocking arm sleeve outer end is divided into right rocking arm clamping part by rocking arm sleeve elastic force opening, left rocking arm clamping part, two parts are oppositely arranged, at right rocking arm clamping part and left rocking arm clamping part outside, right rocking arm clamp bracket and left rocking arm clamp bracket are set respectively, right rocking arm clamp bracket is mated with right rocking arm clamping part profile, left rocking arm clamp bracket is mated with the profile of left rocking arm clamping part, right rocking arm clamping part, left rocking arm clamping part, right rocking arm clamp bracket and left rocking arm clamp bracket are symmetrical structure, between right rocking arm clamping part and left rocking arm clamping part, be symmetrical arranged reinforcement bar and lower reinforcement bar,
One end of left rocking arm clamp bracket, left rocking arm clamping part is connected by clamping screw with upper reinforcement bar, and the other end of left rocking arm clamp bracket, left rocking arm clamping part is connected by clamping screw with lower reinforcement bar; One end of right rocking arm clamp bracket, right rocking arm clamping part is connected by clamping screw with upper reinforcement bar, and the other end of right rocking arm clamp bracket, right rocking arm clamping part is connected by clamping screw with lower reinforcement bar; Thereby, form upper and lower two pairs of locking mechanisms;
At rocking arm clamping device core, wear screw mandrel, decelerator, screw, slide block and be connected in the guide holder on clamping support, one end of guide holder is connected with right rocking arm clamp bracket, the other end of guide holder arranges slide block, screw, one end of screw mandrel is connected by coupling with the output of decelerator, and the other end of screw mandrel coordinates with screw, slide block.
4. according to radial drilling machine claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, reinforcement bar both sides are provided with two travel switch travel control switch I, travel control switch II.
5. according to radial drilling machine claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, in the deceleration box that column clamping device is installed on, column clamping device comprises: increase tool arm, locking nut, transverse axis, decelerator, gear coupling, interior gear coupling, screw mandrel, travel switch, thrust bearing, latch plate, bearing block, pressure bearing, supporting radial ball bearing, revolution roller, concrete structure is as follows:
The top of outer column arranges deceleration box, and outer column is in transmission connection by revolution roller and the inner column of the pressure bearing in bearing block, supporting radial ball bearing and outer column inside lower end; Inner column extends in deceleration box through outer column, and the external part of inner column is connected by locking nut with the force increasing arm in deceleration box; Force increasing arm, decelerator are set in deceleration box, and one end and the deceleration box of force increasing arm are hinged, and the other end and the decelerator of force increasing arm are hinged; The output of decelerator is by one end of gear coupling, interior gear coupling connection wire rod, and the other end of screw mandrel connects thrust bearing, and a side of decelerator arranges travel switch.
6. according to radial drilling machine claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, main transformer speed electromagnetic clutch in main-gear box comprises: power transmission shaft, forward gear, positive and negative gear, forward electromagnetic clutch, reversion electromagnetic clutch, motor gear, counter gear, idler gear, brake electric magnet clutch, and concrete structure is as follows:
Integrated three electromagnetic clutch in shaft transmission: forward electromagnetic clutch, reversion electromagnetic clutch and brake electric magnet clutch, the main shaft speed change two-speed motor of main shaft speed change box top adopts two-speed motor, on the motor output shaft of main shaft speed change two-speed motor, motor gear is set, motor gear respectively with forward electromagnetic clutch on the gear that arranges, the gear arranging on reversion electromagnetic clutch is meshed, forward gear is set on the power transmission shaft of forward electromagnetic clutch, in the installation shaft of reversion electromagnetic clutch, idler gear and brake electric magnet clutch are set, forward gear and idler gear are oppositely arranged and mesh.
7. according to radial drilling machine claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, hand feed safeties comprise: power input shaft, manually adjust swivel nut, gland, inner attrition piece, outside friction disc, spline housing, friction bar, feed worm axle, concrete structure is as follows:
Spline housing and friction bar are installed on power input shaft, the arranged outside inner attrition piece of spline housing, outside friction disc are on friction bar, inner attrition piece, outside friction disc top arrange manual adjustment swivel nut, gland, friction bar is installed on feeding electromagnetic clutch top, feeding electromagnetic clutch is installed on feed worm axle, and feed worm axle one end is corresponding with one end of power input shaft.
8. according to radial drilling machine claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, axis feeding limit device comprises: determine journey switch enclosure, feeding electromagnetic clutch, adjust backing plate, travel switch, travel switch wheel, locating wheel, feeding dial, concrete structure is as follows:
Feeding dial side is provided with recess, described indent arranges locating wheel, determines, in journey switch enclosure, matching used adjustment backing plate, travel switch, travel switch wheel are set, and travel switch is arranged to be adjusted on backing plate, travel switch wheel arranges travel switch one side, and locating wheel is corresponding with travel switch wheel.
9. according to radial drilling machine claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, radial up-down safeties are installed in deceleration box, comprising: gland, manually adjust bolt, inner attrition piece, outside friction disc, gear friction bar, spline housing, concrete structure is as follows:
Spline housing and gear friction bar are installed on radial up-down leading screw, the arranged outside inner attrition piece of spline housing, outside friction disc are on gear friction bar, inner attrition piece, outside friction disc top arrange pad and gland, and gland is installed on the top of radial up-down leading screw by manual adjustment bolt.
10. according to radial drilling machine claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, shaft transmission adopts reinforced main-shaft head structure, this structure comprises: collar bush, internal withdraw type spindle nose, thrust ball bearing, conical bore double row cylindrical roller, adjusting pad, spindle taper hole, all the other afterbodys are all same as traditional main-shaft head structure, and concrete structure is as follows:
One end of collar bush is with main shaft flange, main shaft flange place offers heavy caliber endoporus, internal withdraw type spindle nose extends in the heavy caliber endoporus of collar bush with one end of tapering, internal withdraw type spindle nose coordinates by thrust ball bearing, conical bore double row cylindrical roller with collar bush, spindle taper hole is offered at internal withdraw type spindle nose center, and one end of spindle taper hole is positioned at the center of main shaft flange.
CN201310639616.9A 2013-11-30 2013-11-30 A kind of radial drilling machine Expired - Fee Related CN103624294B (en)

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CN104308214A (en) * 2014-10-21 2015-01-28 陈灿金 Self-service safety perforator
CN104959642A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-07 苏州市吴中区胥口广博模具加工厂 Pneumatic drill handpiece of automatic double-station rotary table type drilling machine
CN105033303A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-11-11 浙江亚泰连接盘制造有限公司 Radial drilling machine capable of machining large workpieces
CN105171046A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-12-23 鲁西工业装备有限公司 Sphere drilling device and drilling method thereof
CN105252035A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-01-20 沈阳景宏数控设备有限公司 Numerical display type radial drilling machine
CN105269339A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-01-27 沈阳景宏数控设备有限公司 Stand column and rocker arm lifting mechanism of digital display type radial drilling machine
CN105269034A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-01-27 沈阳景宏数控设备有限公司 Main shaft speed change system and main shaft feeding speed change system of digital display type radial drilling machine
CN105312611A (en) * 2014-07-04 2016-02-10 沈阳海克机床有限公司 Radial drilling machine
CN106348204A (en) * 2015-07-17 2017-01-25 孙长顺 Multi-dimensional adjusting mechanism for vertical rod
CN107538230A (en) * 2017-08-25 2018-01-05 湖州德耀金属制品有限公司 A kind of sheet metal groover of convenient operation
CN107717498A (en) * 2017-09-15 2018-02-23 南通欧伦嘉机械设备有限公司 A kind of manual drilling machine
CN107952974A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-04-24 杭州职业技术学院 A kind of auto industry radial drilling machine equipment
CN108856785A (en) * 2018-09-07 2018-11-23 东莞市铖锐机械有限公司 Double guide rail radial drilling machines
CN109128248A (en) * 2018-09-12 2019-01-04 襄阳福康达机械有限公司 Beam drill is used in a kind of processing of air cooler air flue

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CN105312611A (en) * 2014-07-04 2016-02-10 沈阳海克机床有限公司 Radial drilling machine
CN104308214A (en) * 2014-10-21 2015-01-28 陈灿金 Self-service safety perforator
CN104959642A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-07 苏州市吴中区胥口广博模具加工厂 Pneumatic drill handpiece of automatic double-station rotary table type drilling machine
CN106348204A (en) * 2015-07-17 2017-01-25 孙长顺 Multi-dimensional adjusting mechanism for vertical rod
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CN105033303A (en) * 2015-07-23 2015-11-11 浙江亚泰连接盘制造有限公司 Radial drilling machine capable of machining large workpieces
CN105171046A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-12-23 鲁西工业装备有限公司 Sphere drilling device and drilling method thereof
CN105171046B (en) * 2015-07-31 2017-08-04 鲁西工业装备有限公司 A kind of device and its boring method drilled for sphere
CN105252035A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-01-20 沈阳景宏数控设备有限公司 Numerical display type radial drilling machine
CN105269339A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-01-27 沈阳景宏数控设备有限公司 Stand column and rocker arm lifting mechanism of digital display type radial drilling machine
CN105269034A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-01-27 沈阳景宏数控设备有限公司 Main shaft speed change system and main shaft feeding speed change system of digital display type radial drilling machine
CN107538230A (en) * 2017-08-25 2018-01-05 湖州德耀金属制品有限公司 A kind of sheet metal groover of convenient operation
CN107717498A (en) * 2017-09-15 2018-02-23 南通欧伦嘉机械设备有限公司 A kind of manual drilling machine
CN107952974A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-04-24 杭州职业技术学院 A kind of auto industry radial drilling machine equipment
CN108856785A (en) * 2018-09-07 2018-11-23 东莞市铖锐机械有限公司 Double guide rail radial drilling machines
CN109128248A (en) * 2018-09-12 2019-01-04 襄阳福康达机械有限公司 Beam drill is used in a kind of processing of air cooler air flue

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