CN103621299A - Organic Lipu taro plantation method - Google Patents

Organic Lipu taro plantation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103621299A
CN103621299A CN201310659300.6A CN201310659300A CN103621299A CN 103621299 A CN103621299 A CN 103621299A CN 201310659300 A CN201310659300 A CN 201310659300A CN 103621299 A CN103621299 A CN 103621299A
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time
ridging
taro
animal excreta
days
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CN201310659300.6A
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冯春雄
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冯春雄
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Abstract

The invention discloses an organic Lipu taro plantation method, which comprises the following steps of selecting seeds, fertilizing, ridging and applying a pesticide. The organic Lipu taro plantation method is characterized in that a true Lipu taro variety is selected during seed selection, and an excellent seed stem is selected and kept; in the total fertilizing amount, the sum of cow dung and ash manure accounts for 80-90%, wherein 10-20% is used as base fertilizer, the rest is used as dried fertilizer for fertilizing in 4-5 times, and the ratio of cow dung to ash manure is (2-4):1; ridging is carried out in 4-5 times, and the total ridging height is 25-35cm; the applied pesticide adopts matrine and/ or lime sulphur. The Lipu taro planted with the method belongs to the pollution-free variety and has the advantages of attractive shape and even size. The taro has densely covered purple betel nut figures after being subjected to section view, and the pulp is more smooth than that of pinuspollenites, and the taro is especially sweet.

Description

The implantation methods of organic Lipu taro
Technical field
The present invention relates to implantation methods, specifically the implantation methods of taro, the more specifically implantation methods of organic Lipu taro.
Background technology
Taro belongs to Araeceae, and its mutation and type are a lot, mainly contains three kinds of stalwart taro, how sub-taro and bull taros in cultivated form.
Lipu taro belongs to stalwart taro type, because originating in Liujiang Formation of Lipu, Guangxi county, gains the name.The stalwart taro veriety of Cultivated In Yunnan, famous for the product taro of Suijiang, the Taro of Midu, Kaiyuan City build the number of people taro of water, the Buddhist monk taro of Tengchong etc.The most plant of kind of chief's taro type is tall and big, blade is plump, and happiness temperature, happiness is fertile, happiness is wet.Domestic main product ground in Guangdong and Guangxi Provinces, Fujian, Hunan, main product is in the South Subtropical Area of China of height above sea level 1000~1600m inside the province.
More than Lipu taro plant height reaches 1.5m, plant division power is strong, bulb is large, and female taro is shell type dril, substance 1~1.5kg, and sub-taro grandson taro is compared with little and many.Taro epidermis yellowish-brown, meat canescence, and have obvious aubergine betel nut line, matter face taste is aromatic, product are of fine quality, is domestic and international market kind salable.Lipu taro belongs to late variety 8~9 months time of infertility, and environmental condition and culture technique are had relatively high expectations.
Present cultivation Lipu taro, disposable, use sufficient base manure and base manure and soil are fully mixed in the situation that, the left and right of generally only earthing up twice, adds up and earths up about the about 16cm of thickness, therefore the taro ma who plants is similar to ellipse, the womankind of resembling is over used for weaving cotton cloth spins Duo.
Summary of the invention
The implantation methods that the object of this invention is to provide a kind of organic Lipu taro, the Lipu taro that the method kind goes out belongs to nuisanceless kind, and shape is attractive in appearance, and evenly, it is densely covered that taro is analysed and observe purple betel nut decorative pattern to size, and meat is fine and smooth compared with loose powder, sweet especially perfume (or spice).
The technical scheme of this programme is:
The implantation methods of organic Lipu taro, comprises seed selection, fertilising, ridging, medication, it is characterized in that: during seed selection, select real Lipu taro kind, the kind stem of having selected and remain good.
In total fertilization amount, cow dung and grey excrement sum account for 80~90%, wherein 10~20% for base manure, all the other minutes chase after dried human and animal excreta 4~5 times, the ratio of cow dung and grey excrement is 2~4:1;
Ridging minute is carried out for 4~5 times, and ridging total height is at 25~35cm;
Medication adopts matrine and/or lime sulfur.
The present invention also comprises and selects field: require to select that draining is convenient, the easy paddy field cultivation of pouring water.Because although Lipu taro is liked moistening environment vegetative period, as cross wet and impeded drainage, can be influential to growth and quality.
Plantation 1000~1500 strains of every mu of planting density aspect, single file Planting Row Distance 1.3~1.5m, spacing in the rows 30~35cm left and right; The duplicate rows plantation wide 2~2.2m in railway carriage or compartment, line-spacing 30cm, spacing in the rows 30~40cm.So-called single file and duplicate rows plantation, refer to and on the making ridge of every railway carriage or compartment, plant a line or two row.Single file Planting Row Distance is actually railway carriage or compartment distance, and in fact the line-spacing of duplicate rows plantation is only the real line-spacing on the making ridge of every railway carriage or compartment.
The fertilizer that the present invention uses, except cow dung and grey excrement, can also be used all the other fertilizer as pig manure, human excrement, compost, old wall mud and/or green manure according to actual objective circumstances.Urge seedling can also use natural pond slag and/or natural pond liquid with fertilizer.Cow dung, grey excrement (fiery soil and ash) can improve the yield and quality, and tart up, and should suitably enrich.
Describedly chase after dried human and animal excreta five times and be:
Execute for the first time dried human and animal excreta, portion sees while having 2~3 blades and carries out on the ground, and amount of application is 10~15% of the total amount of topdressing;
Second chases after dried human and animal excreta carries out for 15~20 days after executing for the first time, and amount of application is 10~20% of the total amount of topdressing;
Chase after for the third time dried human and animal excreta and carry out for 20~25 days after executing for the second time, amount of application is 20~30% of the total amount of topdressing;
Chase after dried human and animal excreta for the 4th time and carry out for 20~25 days after executing for the third time, amount of application is 45~50% of the total amount of topdressing;
Chase after dried human and animal excreta for the 5th time and within 20~25 days, carry out after the 4th fertilising, amount of application is 5~10% of the total amount of topdressing.
Described five ridgings comprise:
Ridging, carries out in conjunction with executing for the first time dried human and animal excreta for the first time, and in the place of fertilising, earth covered fertilizer 2.5~3.5cm left and right;
Ridging for the second time, at latter 15~20 days for the first time, carries out in conjunction with chasing after for the second time dried human and animal excreta, at taro strain base portion ridging thickness 1.5~2.5cm, covers fertile place ridging thickness 2.5~3.5cm; Ridging was for the third time carried out in conjunction with chasing after dried human and animal excreta for the third time after 20~25 days for the second time, ridging thickness 3.5~5cm; The 4th ridging, in conjunction with dividing railway carriage or compartment, after 20~25 days for the third time, chases after dried human and animal excreta in conjunction with the 4th time, and 7.5~12cm earths up;
The 5th ridging, in conjunction with justifying railway carriage or compartment, carries out for 20~25 days after the 4th time, chases after dried human and animal excreta in conjunction with the 5th time, and 10~25cm earths up.
Grey excrement of the present invention, refers to the mixture of fire soil and ash, and the native and ash ratio of fire is wherein 1~2:1~2.
If need medication treatment damage by disease and insect, adopt nontoxic biopesticide matrine and/or lime sulfur.
The present invention is also included in first 15~25 days of maturing stage and stops pouring water.Because if excess moisture, draining is dry, and taro water content is too high, and it is loose and slightly inferior, jealous not good that quality is crossed sticky not powder, and not resistance to transportation and storage, be easy to go rotten, thus all the water in ditch is drained to dry field, not affect quality and convenient results.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the Lipu taro of being planted out by the inventive method, belong to nuisanceless kind, shape is attractive in appearance, and evenly, it is densely covered that taro is analysed and observe purple betel nut decorative pattern to size, and meat is fine and smooth compared with loose powder, sweet especially perfume (or spice).
Embodiment
Seed selection: select real Lipu taro kind and the kind stem of having selected and remain good: taro ma is slightly short and small, and shape mostly is nearly spindle-like.
Select field: require to select draining convenient, the easy rice field of pouring water.
Planting density: every mu of plantation 1250 strains.Single file plantation, line-spacing 1.5m(is containing ditch), spacing in the rows 30cm.
Fertilising: according to the fertile requirement of the need of Lipu taro, the fertilising of Lipu taro, applies pig cow dung, pig manure water, grey excrement, compost, old wall mud and green manure, total fertilization amount, mu is executed 7000 jin of cow dungs and 2500 jin, grey excrement.9000 jin, base manure, 2000 jin for topdressing.
Topdress the stage: execute for the first time dried human and animal excreta, portion sees while having 2~3 blades and carries out on the ground, in the place away from approximately 7 cun of taro strains, open cave, fertilizer is put into cave, then in conjunction with first producing except Weeds Around, in close one the crossing false furrow and repair an earth mulch and cross fertilizer of taro strain.Fertilizer amount accounts for the total amount 10% of topdressing.
Second chases after dried human and animal excreta carries out for 15 days after executing for the first time, specifically in taro strain by limes marginis simultaneously, with scraping to produce, removes table soil, has seen root degree of being, in the above, only on fertilizer, blinding one-inch is thick subsequently in row application, and fertilizer amount accounts for the total amount 20% of topdressing.Chase after for the third time dried human and animal excreta, within 25 days after executing for the second time, carry out, in conjunction with ridging for the third time, fertilizer is put between two taro strains, and earth covered approximately 1.5 cun, fertilizer, but only 1 cun of the shallow ridging of taro strain base portion.Fertilizer amount accounts for 20% of the total amount of topdressing.Chase after dried human and animal excreta the 4th time, within 20 days after executing for the third time, carry out, fertilizer put into from away from 5 cun of taro strains around, consumption is maximum, accounts for the total amount 45% of topdressing, and specifically in conjunction with the 4th ridging, divide railway carriage or compartment to work.Chase after dried human and animal excreta the 5th time, the 4th fertilising, within latter 20 days, carry out, fertilizer is put between taro strain.Consumption accounts for the total amount 5% of topdressing.In addition, impose biogas residue and biogas liquid, carry out thin executing while having 1-2 leaves seeing for the first time, other are executed once after in conjunction with each ridging.In vegetative period, every 10 days, drench and execute once.Particularly in early stage, attack seedling and can within 5 days, drench one time natural pond liquid, each liquid dung, to drench in the place away from taro strain 16cm, is sure not a natural pond liquid and is drenched on taro strain base portion or petiole.
Ridging: in management, to progressively divide 5 ridgings, front-thin-rear-thick, the principle of thickening is time by time carried out.
Ridging, carries out in conjunction with executing each time dried human and animal excreta for the first time, and in the place of applying fertilizer, earth covered fertilizer 3cm, taro strain base portion only very thin heap soil or fertilizer over and around the roots put fine soil.Ridging, at latter 15 days for the first time, carries out in conjunction with chasing after for the second time dried human and animal excreta for the second time, at taro strain base portion ridging thickness 1.5cm.Cover fertile place ridging thickness 3cm.
Ridging for the third time in conjunction with chasing after for the third time dried human and animal excreta, was earthed up about the about 5cm of thickness after 20 days for the second time.The 4th ridging, after 20 days for the third time, chases after dried human and animal excreta in conjunction with the 4th time.Ridging 10cm, way: first with straw, whole strain petiole is tied to (taking off after having worked), on one side of false furrow sky, false furrow are scraped out to two halves, then arrange with sleaker, at the bottom of ditch originally becomes a part of furrow, originally a part of false furrow become ditch.The 5th ridging, is last ridging, chases after dried human and animal excreta in conjunction with the 5th time, within 25 days after the 4th time, carries out ridging 15cm.Before ridging, first with straw, taro strain petiole is bundled into a branch of so as work, after having worked, take off.Fetch earth specifically except the surrounding of furrow has been shoveled to the whole soil of obtaining of cavetto, and deep-cut bottom of trench 6.5cm again, obtained soil, stops up together into furrow face.
Pour water and draining: pour water in earlier stage in a minute railway carriage or compartment, after filling, will drain immediately.After each ridging, as weather arid, in conjunction with pouring water once.On the same day after completing with large ridging work in minute railway carriage or compartment especially, fill with deep water and keep one day night.Behind minute railway carriage or compartment can the next day pour water, after large ridging, in ditch, to often possess the water layer of dark about 15cm.
In maturing stage precontract, within 20 days, carry out and stop pouring water, and all the water in ditch is drained to dry field.

Claims (9)

1. the implantation methods of organic Lipu taro, comprises seed selection, fertilising, ridging, medication, it is characterized in that: during seed selection, select real Lipu taro kind, the kind stem of having selected and remain good;
In total fertilization amount, cow dung and grey excrement sum account for 80~90%, wherein 10~20% for base manure, all the other minutes chase after dried human and animal excreta 4~5 times, the ratio of cow dung and grey excrement is 2~4:1;
Ridging minute is carried out for 4~5 times, and ridging total height is at 25~35cm;
Medication adopts matrine and/or lime sulfur.
2. according to the method for claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise and be chosen in the easy paddy field cultivation of pouring water.
3. according to the method for claim 1, it is characterized in that: be also included in plantation 1000~1500 strains of every mu of planting density aspect, single file Planting Row Distance 1.3~1.5m, spacing in the rows 30~40cm left and right; The duplicate rows plantation wide 2~2.2m in railway carriage or compartment, line-spacing 30cm, spacing in the rows 30~40cm.
4. according to the method for claim 1, it is characterized in that: being also included in first 15~25 days of maturing stage stops pouring water.
5. according to the method for claim 1, it is characterized in that: all the other fertilizer in total fertilization amount are pig manure, human excrement, compost, old wall mud and/or green manure.
6. according to the method for claim 1, it is characterized in that: also use natural pond slag and/or natural pond liquid as urging seed manure.
7. according to the method for claim 1, it is characterized in that: describedly chase after dried human and animal excreta five times and be:
Execute for the first time dried human and animal excreta, portion sees while having 2~3 blades and carries out on the ground, and amount of application is 10~15% of the total amount of topdressing;
Second chases after dried human and animal excreta carries out for 15~20 days after executing for the first time, and amount of application is 10~20% of the total amount of topdressing;
Chase after for the third time dried human and animal excreta and carry out for 20~25 days after executing for the second time, amount of application is 20~30% of the total amount of topdressing;
Chase after dried human and animal excreta for the 4th time and carry out for 20~25 days after executing for the third time, amount of application is 45~50% of the total amount of topdressing;
Chase after dried human and animal excreta for the 5th time and within 20~25 days, carry out after the 4th fertilising, amount of application is 5~10% of the total amount of topdressing.
8. according to the method for claim 1, it is characterized in that: described five ridgings comprise:
Ridging, carries out in conjunction with executing for the first time dried human and animal excreta for the first time, and in the place of fertilising, earth covered fertilizer 2.5~3.5cm left and right;
Ridging for the second time, at latter 15~20 days for the first time, carries out in conjunction with chasing after for the second time dried human and animal excreta, at taro strain base portion ridging thickness 1.5~2.5cm, covers fertile place ridging thickness 2.5~3.5cm; Ridging was for the third time carried out in conjunction with chasing after dried human and animal excreta for the third time after 20~25 days for the second time, ridging thickness 3.5~5cm; The 4th ridging, in conjunction with dividing railway carriage or compartment, after 20~25 days for the third time, chases after dried human and animal excreta in conjunction with the 4th time, and 7.5~12cm earths up;
The 5th ridging, in conjunction with justifying railway carriage or compartment, carries out for 20~25 days after the 4th time, chases after dried human and animal excreta in conjunction with the 5th time, and 10~25cm earths up.
9. according to the method for claim 1, it is characterized in that: described grey excrement, refer to the mixture of fire soil and ash, the native and ash ratio of fire is wherein 1~2:1~2.
CN201310659300.6A 2013-12-10 2013-12-10 Organic Lipu taro plantation method Pending CN103621299A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103988696A (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-08-20 丹阳圣丽园农业发展有限公司 Greenhouse cultivation method for taros
CN104054500A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-09-24 镇江瑞繁农艺有限公司 High-yield and labor-saving taro cultivating method
CN107211672A (en) * 2017-05-12 2017-09-29 陈秋 A kind of implantation methods of taro
CN107912259A (en) * 2017-11-19 2018-04-17 梁春林 A kind of implantation methods of Lipu taro interplanting selenium-rich pea

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CN103329697A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-10-02 青川县食用菌科研开发中心 Konjak planting method
CN103404347A (en) * 2013-08-13 2013-11-27 荔浦县清泉蔬菜水果种植基地 Cultivation method for taros

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CN103329697A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-10-02 青川县食用菌科研开发中心 Konjak planting method
CN103404347A (en) * 2013-08-13 2013-11-27 荔浦县清泉蔬菜水果种植基地 Cultivation method for taros

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103988696A (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-08-20 丹阳圣丽园农业发展有限公司 Greenhouse cultivation method for taros
CN104054500A (en) * 2014-07-14 2014-09-24 镇江瑞繁农艺有限公司 High-yield and labor-saving taro cultivating method
CN107211672A (en) * 2017-05-12 2017-09-29 陈秋 A kind of implantation methods of taro
CN107912259A (en) * 2017-11-19 2018-04-17 梁春林 A kind of implantation methods of Lipu taro interplanting selenium-rich pea

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