CN103618242B - Power transmission and transformation equipment foreign body removing device - Google Patents

Power transmission and transformation equipment foreign body removing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103618242B
CN103618242B CN201310542389.8A CN201310542389A CN103618242B CN 103618242 B CN103618242 B CN 103618242B CN 201310542389 A CN201310542389 A CN 201310542389A CN 103618242 B CN103618242 B CN 103618242B
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China
Prior art keywords
power transmission
nest
bird
transformation equipment
foreign matter
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CN201310542389.8A
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CN103618242A (en
Inventor
林红明
缪寿成
方玉群
申涛
顾浩
钱宇行
盛礼正
孔晓峰
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Jinhua Power Supply Co of State Grid Zhejiang Electric Power Co Ltd
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Jinhua Power Supply Co of State Grid Zhejiang Electric Power Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a power transmission and transformation equipment foreign body removing device. The power transmission and transformation equipment foreign body removing device includes an insulating operating rod; the front end of the insulating operating rod is provided with an universal joint; the universal joint is movably connected with a recovery mesh bag, a reflector or a removing device; the reflector is provided with a white light camera; the tail end of the insulation operating rod is provided with an LED display screen; videos shot by the white light camera are displayed on the LED display screen in a real-time manner; and the insulating operating rod is an insulating telescopic rod. With the power transmission and transformation equipment foreign body removing device of the invention adopted, nests can be removed fast, conveniently and thoroughly with a processing result achieving 100%; work efficiency can be effectively enhanced; labor intensity can be effectively decreased; and therefore, the power transmission and transformation equipment foreign body removing device is advantageous in simple and convenient operation, and high-speed nest processing. According to the power transmission and transformation equipment foreign body removing device, the insulating operating rod is ingeniously matched with removing device tools, and the recovery mesh bag is utilized in a reasonable and matched manner, and therefore, the nests can be safely and fast processed in an electrified manner, and power outage operation and decrease of transmitted power can be avoided, and time can be saved, and considerable economic benefits can be created.

Description

Power transmission and transforming equipment is except foreign matter device
Technical field
The invention belongs to electric power maintenance technical field of tools, be specifically related to a kind of power transmission and transforming equipment except foreign matter device.
Background technology
Power transmission and transforming equipment is in running, and due to foreign matter, especially bird's nest, is easy to cause 10kV overhead transmission line earth fault.Birds are generally built nest on the crotch of tall and big trees eminence, but also can build on the steel tower or electric pole of transmission of electricity.After birds are nested, also can on electric power facility, produce a large amount of ight soil, the earth in these ight soil and bird's nest all can exert an influence to the insulation property of electric power facility, tends to cause dodge the faults such as power failure.
At present, the mode of removing bird's nest mainly contains manually removes bird's nest, manually go bird's nest to adopt different removal methods according to the bird's nest of diverse location, if bird's nest is on electric substation's door type framework, the bird's nest operating personnel who processes on framework must climb to framework top, passes through certain charged position, and keep enough safe distance with charging equipment, adopt bag special that bird's nest is removed and deposited, and then return, operation danger is very high; If the bird's nest of bird's nest in support insulator base, must climb double ladder or use lifting platform, near base, process, and in the time that bird's nest present position height is higher, in personnel's climbing and processing procedure, high-rise working easily there is high pendant and with charging equipment apart from not enough danger, and labour intensity is large, efficiency is not high; In bird's nest is in support insulator top and plug-in strip framework, because birds often inhabit this, under bird's nest, hang or because of birds droppings excretion, very easily cause line tripping, safe operation is formed greatly dangerous; Owing to there is no special removing bird's nest device, only to take live line working mode, but due to electric substation's internal clearance and charging equipment characteristics of compact layout, be provided with a lot of barrier to live line working, operational feasibility is less; Even if adopt band electric treatment, theoretical feasible, its security risk is very big, and operability difficulty is very big, causes the passive of electric substation's bird's nest work for the treatment of, and operation risk is taken precautions against and strengthened; When the way of existing processing only needs converting equipment interruption maintenance, then row is processed.When operation, increased operating personnel's risk, the bird's nest falling also easily causes personal injury, and metal in bird's nest is scattered while dropping and also easily causes on the line earth fault, and whole operating process is uncontrollable, has greatly increased operation easier.Except bird's nest, other moist foreign matter lodges can affect the insulation property of electric power facility on the line equally, cause power failure.
Application number is the instrument that discloses a kind of entirety in 201310123426.1 Chinese patent application and remove bird's nest, comprises the insulating bar of some joint hollows, has bottom, crawl section to have the control part of handling crawl section action on the top of insulating bar.Crawl section comprises the movable claw and the fixed claw that are arranged on pawl seat front end, pawl seat passes through hinge II and locates dental inlay, the hinged locking of locking nut with the support bar that is connected to insulating bar top, movable claw opens by the stay cord control that is connected to insulating bar endoporus lower end, draw in by spring, in the time gripping the grab handle of control part and operating handle, movable claw opens; Use this invention stand on the ground or just bird's nest entirety can be taken off in the place far away apart from bird's nest.But this invention still cannot solve the uncontrollable problem of operating process, and operating personnel cannot see the situation of eminence clearly, capture when bird's nest insecurely if removed, bird's nest is easy to drop.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is just to provide a kind of power transmission and transforming equipment except foreign matter device; ensureing under the prerequisite of operating personnel away from bird's nest or other foreign matters; can also know and see whole operating process clearly; and hold whole bird's nest or other foreign matters by the string bag; make in the process of taking off; do not have foreign matter and be scattered on power circuit or with it operating personnel, general protection operating personnel's personal safety and the safety of electric power facility.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention adopts following technical scheme: power transmission and transforming equipment is except foreign matter device, comprise insulating bar, described insulating bar front end is provided with general connector, and described general connector is flexibly connected with recovery mesh bag, reflective mirror or scavenge unit.Operating personnel can select recovery mesh bag, reflective mirror or scavenge unit to be connected on the general connector of insulating bar front end as required, hold the end of insulating bar, and the instrument that head end is connected is delivered to eminence and operated.Can also use by multiple instruments simultaneously, the insulating bar that is now connected with reflective mirror is delivered to eminence, check concrete condition, then the insulating bar that another is connected with to scavenge unit is delivered to eminence, carry out clear operation, then another insulating bar that is connected with mesh bag is again delivered to eminence, foreign bodies removal is placed into mesh bag inside by scavenge unit, after checking that by reflective mirror removing is clean, more multiple insulating bars that are connected with operation tool are got back and processed.Whole process safety is reliable, is not easy foreign matter to drop, fine guarantee operating personnel's personal safety and the safety of power equipment.
Preferably, described general connector is provided with clip, and described recovery mesh bag side, reflective mirror end and scavenge unit end are equipped with for being fixed on the connector on clip.General connector can be clamped the connector arranging on each operation tool by clip, while making operation tool remove foreign matter aloft, fixes, and is not easy to move, and handled easily personnel operation, is not easy to occur misoperation.In addition, also can adopt other active link mode or fixed forms.
Preferably, described scavenge unit is brush, and described brush comprises brush and bridge piece.Brush can have the sticky effect of getting and cleaning to foreign matter, and wherein foreign matter comprises bird's nest or other foreign material.Adopt scoop and so on to be also fine as scavenge unit, but this class instrument is due to the smooth of the edge, to the fragmentary bad cleaning of little foreign material.And brush can also clean the little foreign material that are scattered after the foreign matter of having removed large part.
Preferably, the bending angle of described bridge piece is 0 °~360 °.Can all-directional sweeping, avoid corner or spot as yet untouched by a clean-up campaign, handled easily.
Preferably, described reflective mirror is provided with white light camera, and described insulating bar end is provided with LED display, and the video that described white light camera is taken shows in real time on LED display.Operating personnel, except observing from reflective mirror the situation of eminence, can also observe by LED display.Due to operating process aloft, away from operating personnel, for more convenient operating personnel observe conditions, white light camera is set on reflective mirror, picture in reflective mirror is filmed in real time, and be sent on the LED display of insulating bar end, operating personnel can closely check the concrete condition of eminence in real time, greatly reduce operation easier.
Preferably, described reflective mirror is wide angle refecting mirror.Wide angle refecting mirror is convex surface reflective mirror, can have the more visual field of wide region, and foreign matter situation around can be seen clearlyer and be comprehensive.
Preferably, described insulating bar is the expansion link of insulation.In prior art, substantially adopt a straight-bar as action bars, after foreign matter is taken off, because straight-bar is long, be not easy to regain, and now head end also will bear the especially weight of bird's nest of foreign matter, is easily scattered, operation easier is large, the present invention adopts expansion link to substitute straight-bar, can easily the foreign matter of action bars head end be collected.As long as unscrew slip joint, the preceding paragraph bar is back retracted, then unscrew next slip joint, then will be again the preceding paragraph bar retract, so until the foreign matter of head end can fetch easily.While operation in this way, the foreign matter of head end can steadily and lentamente be collected, and is not easy to be scattered, and greatly reduces operation easier.
Preferably, at least two slip joints are set on described expansion link.When insulating bar extends, first the slip joint near head end is tightened, then stretched out the slightly bar section away from head end, then tighten the slip joint on this section, so analogize, until tighten near last slip joint of expansion link end, expansion link reaches the longest.When insulating bar is retracted, reversed in order, first will lean on subterminal slip joint to unscrew, and this section of bar section retracted, then slip joint toward head end direction in operate successively, until the withdrawal of the bar section of head end, expansion link is reduced to the shortest.
The invention discloses a kind of power transmission and transforming equipment except foreign matter device, ensureing under the prerequisite of operating personnel away from bird's nest or other foreign matters, can also know and see whole operating process clearly, and hold whole bird's nest or other foreign matters by the string bag, make in the process of taking off, not having foreign matter is scattered on power circuit or with it operating personnel, general protection operating personnel's personal safety and the safety of electric power facility, and employing white light camera shooting operation process, and be sent on the LED display of insulating bar end, operating personnel can closely check the concrete condition of eminence in real time, adopt the expansion link of insulation, foreign matter can steadily and lentamente be collected, be not easy to be scattered, greatly reduce operation easier.
The present invention can remove bird's nest quick, convenient, up hill and dale, and result reaches 100%, and can effectively promote operating efficiency and labour intensity, simple, convenient, processes bird's nest speed fast; The ingenious collocation of insulating bar and scavenge unit instrument, reasonable, the fit applications of recovery mesh bag, band electric treatment bird's nest safety, quick, has avoided power failure operation and few power transmission, saves time, and has created considerable economic benefit.The scheme of live line working and method of operation complexity in electric substation in the past, operation gap and distance need to be proofreaded repeatedly, the security implication of considering in implementation process and risk are large especially, this covering device is as long as keep the effective insulated lengths of action bars, keep with electrified body have a safe enough distance, in implementation process, affect safe factor and reduce, risk is easy to management and control, safe.Because the bird's nest of converting equipment is more, the position distributing also disperses, power transformation and line facility suffer the foreign matter invasion and attack such as plastic film also often to have generation, cause equipment safety operation risk to strengthen, being widely used of processing unit, will reduce greatly the impact that bird's nest (foreign matter) brings, ensure safe operation, the adverse consequences that lessens the hidden dangers and bring.
Brief description of the drawings
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the invention will be further described:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of power transmission and transforming equipment of the present invention except foreign matter device embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of a kind of power transmission and transforming equipment of the present invention except foreign matter device embodiment 2;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of a kind of power transmission and transforming equipment of the present invention except foreign matter device embodiment 3.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, power transmission and transforming equipment of the present invention, except foreign matter device embodiment 1, comprises insulating bar 1, and described insulating bar 1 front end is provided with general connector 11, and described general connector 11 is flexibly connected with recovery mesh bag 2, reflective mirror 3 or scavenge unit 4.According to the difference of electric pressure, the length of insulating bar 1 is also different; Scavenge unit 4 plays the effect of smashing bird's nest, removing bird's nest (foreign matter) that pushes away in the time removing bird's nest (foreign matter); Reflective mirror 3, before removing bird's nest, is reconnoitred bird's nest, distinguishes bird's nest situation, after removing, can distinguish bird's nest and remove effect, has been confirmed whether residual; Reclaim mesh bag 2 removing in bird's nest process, coordinate scavenge unit to use together, deposit the bird's nest of removing, avoid bird's nest lower extension in reset procedure, loose, cause the phenomenons such as ground connection electric discharge.
Described general connector 11 is provided with clip, and described recovery mesh bag 2 sides, reflective mirror 3 ends and scavenge unit 4 ends are equipped with for being fixed on the connector 12 on clip.General connector 11 can be clamped the connector 12 arranging on each operation tool by clip, while making operation tool remove foreign matter aloft, fixes, and is not easy to move, and handled easily personnel operation, is not easy to occur misoperation.In addition, also can adopt other active link mode or fixed forms.
Described scavenge unit 4 is brush, and described brush comprises brush 41 and bridge piece 42.Bridge piece 42 can be according to bird's nest position, and the shape of standby member, and the direction of adjustable head scavenge unit adapts to remove bird's nest better, changes direction, improves effect.
The bending angle of described bridge piece 42 is 0 °~360 °.Can all-directional sweeping, avoid corner or spot as yet untouched by a clean-up campaign, handled easily.
As shown in Figure 2, power transmission and transforming equipment of the present invention is except foreign matter device embodiment 2, structure is substantially similar to embodiment 1, difference is: described reflective mirror 3 is provided with white light camera 31, described insulating bar 1 end is provided with LED display 13, and the video that described white light camera 31 is taken shows in real time on LED display 13.Operating personnel, except observing from reflective mirror 3 situation of eminence, can also observe by LED display 13.Due to operating process aloft, away from operating personnel, for more convenient operating personnel observe conditions, white light camera 31 is set on reflective mirror 3, picture in reflective mirror 3 is filmed in real time, and be sent on the LED display 13 of insulating bar 1 end, operating personnel can closely check the concrete condition of eminence in real time, greatly reduce operation easier.
Described reflective mirror 3 is wide angle refecting mirror.Wide angle refecting mirror is convex surface reflective mirror, can have the more visual field of wide region, and foreign matter situation around can be seen clearlyer and be comprehensive.
As shown in Figure 3, power transmission and transforming equipment of the present invention is except foreign matter device embodiment 3, and structure is substantially similar to embodiment 1, and difference is: the expansion link that described insulating bar 1 is insulation.Expansion link can be collected the foreign matter of action bars head end easily.When operation, the foreign matter of head end can steadily and lentamente be collected, and is not easy to be scattered, and greatly reduces operation easier.
At least two slip joints 14 are set on described expansion link.When insulating bar 1 extends, first the slip joint 14 near head end is tightened, then stretched out the slightly bar section away from head end, tighten again the slip joint 14 on this section, so analogize, until tighten near last slip joint 14 of expansion link end, expansion link reaches the longest.When insulating bar 1 is retracted, reversed in order, first will lean on subterminal slip joint 14 to unscrew, and this section of bar section retracted, then slip joint 14 toward head end direction in operate successively, until the withdrawal of the bar section of head end, expansion link is reduced to the shortest.
The foregoing is only specific embodiments of the invention, but technical characterictic of the present invention is not limited to this, any those skilled in the art is in the field of the invention, and the variation of doing or modification are all encompassed among the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. power transmission and transforming equipment is except foreign matter device, it is characterized in that: comprise insulating bar (1), described insulating bar (1) front end is provided with general connector (11), described general connector (11) and recovery mesh bag (2), reflective mirror (3) or scavenge unit (4) are flexibly connected, described reflective mirror (3) is provided with white light camera (31), described insulating bar (1) end is provided with LED display (13), the video of the removing foreign matter operating process that described white light camera (31) is taken is in real time in the upper demonstration of LED display (13), described reflective mirror (3) is wide angle refecting mirror, described general connector (11) is provided with clip, described recovery mesh bag (2) side, reflective mirror (3) end and scavenge unit (4) end are equipped with for being fixed on the connector (12) on clip, described scavenge unit (4) is brush, described brush comprises brush (41) and bridge piece (42), the bending angle of described bridge piece (42) is 0 °~360 °, described insulating bar (1) is the expansion link of insulation, at least two slip joints (14) are set on described expansion link.
CN201310542389.8A 2013-11-05 2013-11-05 Power transmission and transformation equipment foreign body removing device Active CN103618242B (en)

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CN103956678B (en) * 2014-04-30 2017-03-22 国家电网公司 Overhead line cleaning device
CN104362543B (en) * 2014-11-13 2017-01-25 国网山东肥城市供电公司 Removing device special for power equipment bird nest and removing method
CN104953509A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-09-30 国网山东莱阳市供电公司 Recorder for transmission line inspection
CN105207126A (en) * 2015-11-11 2015-12-30 国家电网公司 Electric transmission line post tower honeycomb cleaning machine
CN105870751A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-08-17 莱芜钢铁集团有限公司 Slide wire current collector accessory device and current collector
CN107086494B (en) * 2017-06-22 2018-09-14 国网山东省电力公司枣庄供电公司 One kind removing Bird's Nest device and working method
CN108923328A (en) * 2018-09-17 2018-11-30 国网河南省电力公司濮阳供电公司 It is a kind of for removing the visualization device of distribution line foreign matter
CN109599791B (en) * 2018-12-10 2020-04-24 国网河南省电力公司偃师市供电公司 Safe foreign matter clearing device for line maintenance

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