CN103611208B - One kind of wet oxygen infant thermostat means - Google Patents

One kind of wet oxygen infant thermostat means Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103611208B
CN103611208B CN201310694868.1A CN201310694868A CN103611208B CN 103611208 B CN103611208 B CN 103611208B CN 201310694868 A CN201310694868 A CN 201310694868A CN 103611208 B CN103611208 B CN 103611208B
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oxygen
temperature
means
outlet
table
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CN201310694868.1A
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CN103611208A (en
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王丽丽
路洪珍
赵方
王洋
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山东省千佛山医院
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种婴幼儿温控湿化吸氧装置,包括加温湿化器、氧气入口端、氧气出口端、测温表I、测温表II、吸氧装置、吸氧管和接水装置;其中,加温湿化器是一种能自动加温和控温的电子装置,其上部固定有氧气出口端和氧气入口端,氧气出口端设有测温表I,氧气出口端连接吸氧管,吸氧管连接吸氧装置的进氧端,吸氧装置的进氧端设置有测温表II和报警装置,吸氧装置的下端设有接水装置;本发明用于先心病术后婴幼儿氧疗过程中,将温化、湿化的氧气用于婴幼儿,既减轻了患儿不适、提高了氧疗效果,又降低了术后并发症。 The present invention discloses a wet oxygen infant thermostat means comprises a heated humidifier, oxygen gas inlet end, an oxygen outlet, thermometer Tables I, II table temperature, oxygen means oxygen tube, and then means water; wherein the heated humidifier is an electronic device capable of automatic heating and temperature control, which is fixed to an upper portion of the oxygen outlet and the inlet end of the oxygen, the oxygen outlet temperature is provided in table I, the oxygen outlet connector the oxygen tube, absorbing oxygen tube connected to an oxygen inlet means end, into the oxygen-terminated with a temperature measuring device is provided in table II and alarm means connected to the lower end of the water absorbing means is provided apparatus; according to the present invention for CHD infant oxygen therapy after surgery process, the temperature of, humidified oxygen for infants and young children, both to reduce the discomfort of children and improve the oxygen effect, but also reduce postoperative complications.

Description

一种婴幼儿温控湿化吸氧装置 One kind of wet oxygen infant thermostat means

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种婴幼儿温控湿化吸氧装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a wet oxygen infant thermostat means.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 氧疗是现代医学实践中极为常见且极为重要的治疗方法,尤其是危重病人均离不开氧疗。 [0002] Oxygen therapy is very common in modern medical practice and treatment is extremely important, especially in critically ill patients are inseparable from oxygen therapy. 目前国内外对成人吸氧温度研究较多,婴幼儿相关研究较少。 Temperature oxygen at home and abroad for more research in adults, infants and young children less research.

[0003] 婴幼儿肺的弹力组织发育差,血管丰富,毛细血管及淋巴间隙较成人宽,整个肺脏含血多而含气少,肺间质发育旺盛,肺泡数量少,容易被粘液堵塞,患儿易发生肺不张和肺间质水肿;特别是先天性心脏病术后婴幼儿,因体外循环术后由炎症介质介导的肺损伤尤为严重。 [0003] elastic tissue of the lung of infant development is poor, rich in blood vessels, capillaries and lymphatic gap wider than adults, while the multi-containing whole blood in the lungs less gas, interstitial pulmonary strong development, a small number of alveoli, mucus clogged easily, suffering from children between atelectasis and pulmonary edema prone; especially in infants after cardiac surgery, cardiopulmonary bypass surgery because of inflammatory mediators mediated lung injury is particularly serious.

[0004]目前,临床上婴幼儿氧疗湿化液仍使用室温下的灭菌蒸馏水或冷开水,这样,吸入的氧气温度低,温化、湿化不充分,使气道干燥,痰液粘稠不易咳出,人工吸痰效果差;冷气体的刺激使患儿不适,引起哭闹、支气管痉挛,影响氧疗效果,部分先天性心脏病术后的重症患儿需要再次气管插管,使用呼吸机辅助呼吸,增加了患儿的痛苦及家庭的经济负担;某些成人使用的加温湿化吸氧装置,只注重湿化液温度,未考虑到氧气经过吸氧管后到达吸氧入口(口鼻腔)时,温度会明显降低,影响氧疗效果。 [0004] Currently, wet oxygen liquid infant clinical still use sterile distilled water at room temperature or cold water, so that the low temperature oxygen inhalation, Wenhua, insufficient humidification, airway dried, sticky mucus thick hard cough, poor suction artificial; cold gas discomfort stimulation in children, causing crying, bronchospasm, influence of oxygen treatment, children with severe congenital heart surgery requiring intubation portion again, using ventilator-assisted breathing, increasing the economic burden of suffering children and families; add some oxygen humidification means used by adults, focus only on wet fluid temperature, not take into account the oxygen reaches the oxygen through oxygen inlet tube when (mouth and nose), the temperature will be significantly reduced, the influence of oxygen treatment.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的目的就是为了解决上述问题,提供一种婴幼儿温控湿化吸氧装置,该吸氧面罩针对先天性心脏病术后的婴幼儿,采用温湿化吸氧,同时对湿化液温度和吸入气体的温度进行监测,寻找到吸入气体的最佳温度、湿度,从而使得吸入气体温暖而湿润,减轻支气管痉挛;降低痰液粘稠度,提高氧疗效果;增加患儿舒适感,减轻因哭闹而增加心脏负担。 [0005] The object of the present invention is to solve the above problems, there is provided a wet oxygen infant thermostat apparatus, the DRD cardiac surgery for infants, using the temperature and humidity of oxygen, while wet liquid temperature and the suction gas temperature is monitored to find the optimum suction gas temperature, humidity, so that the warm and humid gas intake, reduce bronchospasm; decrease sputum viscosity and improve the oxygen treatment; children increased comfort and lessen the crying increased burden on the heart.

[0006] 为了实现上述目的,本发明采用如下技术方案: [0006] To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical solution:

[0007] 一种婴幼儿温控湿化吸氧装置,包括加温湿化器、氧气入口端、氧气出口端、测温表1、测温表I1、吸氧管、吸氧装置和接水装置;其中,自动加温和控温的加温湿化器上部有氧气出口端和氧气入口端,氧气出口端设有测温表I,氧气出口端连接吸氧管,吸氧管连接吸氧装置的进氧端,吸氧装置的进氧端设置有测温表II,吸氧装置的下端设有接水装置。 [0007] A wet oxygen infant thermostat means comprises a heated humidifier, oxygen gas inlet end, an oxygen outlet, a temperature table, in thermometer I1, oxygen tube, oxygen and water receiving means means; wherein the automatic heating and temperature control of the upper heated humidifier oxygen and oxygen inlet end an outlet end, the oxygen outlet temperature provided in table I, the oxygen outlet pipe connected to the oxygen, the oxygen tube connected to the oxygen oxygen inlet end of the device into the oxygen-terminated with a temperature measuring device is provided in table II, the lower end of the oxygen-absorbing means is provided with water receiving means.

[0008] 所述吸氧装置为吸氧面罩。 [0008] The oxygen-absorbing means is a DRD.

[0009] 所述加温湿化器中装有湿化液,湿化液为无菌注射用水。 [0009] The heated humidifier is charged with wet fluid, wetting fluid is sterile water for injection.

[0010] 所述测温表II设有当测得的吸入气体温度达到或超过设定温度就自动报警的报馨駐罟 [0010] Table II provided the temperature when the measured temperature of the suction gas reaches or exceeds the set temperature is automatically alarm messages in Xin Picnic

1=1 I~~1.ο 1 = 1 I ~~ 1.ο

[0011] 本发明的工作原理为:将氧气输入到加温湿化器中进行加温、湿化后,从氧气出口端流出,测温表I实时显示此时气体温度,以便调整加温湿化器中湿化液的温度,气体经过吸氧管到达吸氧装置,吸氧装置进氧端的测温表II实时显示吸入气体温度,保证在允许范围内,适合婴幼儿的氧疗。 [0011] The working principle of the present invention are: oxygen input into the heated humidifier heating is carried out, after humidification, the oxygen flows out from the outlet end, Table I real-time display case temperature gas temperature, added to adjust the temperature and humidity the temperature of the wet fluid vessel, oxygen gas through the tube to oxygen means absorbing means into table II-terminated real-time display of the temperature of suction gas temperature, to ensure that within the allowable range, suitable oxygen infant.

[0012] 本发明的创新性:1、在吸氧面罩上增加了氧气吸入管口气体测温和报警装置,监测吸入气体温度;可通过调节加温湿化器中湿化液温度来控制到需要水平,即减少因吸入气体温度偏低影响吸氧效果,又避免因温度高(大于37°C)引起不适或烫伤;2、吸氧面罩下方增加了接冷凝水的装置,便于临床使用。 [0012] The innovation of the present invention: 1, an increase in the oxygen DRD suction nozzle gas temperature measuring means and alarm monitoring suction gas temperature; the required level can be controlled by adjusting the wetting liquid temperature in a heated humidifier , i.e., reduce the suction gas temperature is low impact absorbing effect, and also avoid the high temperature (greater than 37 ° C) burn or cause discomfort; 2, increasing the oxygen mask means connected to the bottom of the condensed water, convenient for clinical use.

[0013] 本发明的有益效果为: [0013] Advantageous effects of the present invention are:

[0014] 1、使吸入气体温暖而湿润,减轻支气管痉挛; [0014] 1, the suction gas is warm and humid, relieve bronchospasm;

[0015] 2、降低痰液的粘稠度,有利于痰液排除,改善肺通气; [0015] 2, to reduce the viscosity of sputum, negative sputum beneficial, improving pulmonary ventilation;

[0016] 3、增加氧弥散功能,提高氧疗效果;增加患儿舒适感,减轻因哭闹而增加心脏负担; [0016] 3, increase oxygen diffusion capacity, improve oxygen therapy; children increased comfort and lessen the crying increased burden on the heart;

[0017] 4、降低再次气管插管率,减少术后并发症。 [0017] 4, to reduce the rate of re-intubation, reduce postoperative complications.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0018] 图1为本发明的结构示意图。 [0018] FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.

[0019] 其中,1、加温湿化器;2、氧气出口端;3、氧气入口端;4、测温表I ;5、吸氧装置;6、测温表II ;7、接水装置;8、吸氧管。 [0019] wherein 1, a heated humidifier; 2, the oxygen outlet; 3, oxygen gas inlet end; 4, temperature Table I; 5, absorbing means; 6, temperature measurement Table II; 7, the water receiving means ; 8, oxygen tube.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

: :

[0020] 下面结合附图与实施例对本发明作进一步说明。 The drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be further described [0020] below in conjunction.

[0021] 如图1所示,一种婴幼儿温控湿化吸氧装置,包括加温湿化器1、氧气入口端3、氧气出口端2、测温表14、测温表116、吸氧装置5、吸氧管8和接水装置7 ;其中,加温湿化器1的上部固定有氧气出口端2和氧气入口端3,氧气出口端2设有测温表14,氧气出口端2连接吸氧管8,吸氧管8连接吸氧装置5的进氧端,吸氧装置5的进氧端设置有测温表116,吸氧装置5的下端设有接水装置7。 [0021] 1 A wet oxygen infant thermostat means comprises a heated humidifier 1, an oxygen inlet end 3, 2 oxygen outlet, temperature table 14, temperature measurement table 116, the suction 5 means oxygen, oxygen tube water receiving means 7 and 8; wherein an upper heated humidifier 1 is fixed to 2 oxygen outlet end 3 and the oxygen inlet, an oxygen outlet end 14, the oxygen outlet is provided in table 2 temperature 2 oxygen tube connector 8, the oxygen-absorbing means 8 is connected to the oxygen tube into the end 5 of the oxygen, into the oxygen absorbing device 5 is provided with an end temperature table 116, the lower end of the oxygen-absorbing device 5 is provided with water receiving means 7.

[0022] 吸氧装置5为吸氧面罩。 [0022] The oxygen-absorbing device 5 is DRD.

[0023] 测温表116设有报警装置,当测得的吸入气体温度达到设定温度(小于37° C时),报警装置报警。 [0023] The table 116 is provided with temperature alarm device, when (less than 37 ° C), measured suction gas temperature reaches the set temperature, the alarm sounder.

[0024] 将氧气输入到加温湿化器1中进行加温、湿化后,从氧气出口端3流出,测温表14实时显示此时气体温度,以便调整加温湿化器1中湿化液的温度,气体经过吸氧管8到达吸氧装置5,吸氧装置5进氧端的测温表116实时显示此时吸入气体温度,保证在允许范围内,适合婴幼儿的氧疗。 [0024] The oxygen supply into the heated humidifier 1 is warmed, after humidification, the oxygen outlet 3 flow out from the table 14 in real time temperature gas temperature display case, in order to adjust in a heated humidifier wet the temperature of the liquid gas passes through the pipe 8 reaches the oxygen absorbing means 5, 5 into the oxygen-terminated real-time display device table 116 temperature suction gas temperature at this time, to ensure that within the allowable range, suitable oxygen infant. 与传统的常温下吸氧进行对比,寻找到吸入气体的最佳温度、湿度,从而使得吸入气体温暖而湿润,减轻支气管痉挛;降低痰液的粘稠度,有利于痰液排除,改善肺通气;增加氧弥散功能,提高氧疗效果;增加患儿舒适感,减轻因哭闹而增加心脏负担;降低再次气管插管率,减少术后并发症。 At room temperature with conventional oxygen compared, to find the best suction gas temperature, humidity, so that the warm and humid gas intake, reduce bronchospasm; decrease sputum viscosity, negative sputum beneficial, improving pulmonary ventilation ; increase oxygen diffusion capacity, improve oxygen therapy; children increased comfort and lessen the crying increased burden on the heart; reduce the rate of re-intubation, reduce postoperative complications.

[0025] 上述虽然结合附图对本发明的具体实施方式进行了描述,但并非对本发明保护范围的限制,所属领域技术人员应该明白,在本发明的技术方案的基础上,本领域技术人员不需要付出创造性劳动即可做出的各种修改或变形仍在本发明的保护范围以内。 [0025] The combination with drawings of specific embodiments of the present invention have been described, but not limit the scope of the present invention, those skilled in the art should understand that, on the basis of the technical solution of the present invention, those skilled in the art without paying creative work to make various modifications or variations are still within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1.一种婴幼儿温控湿化吸氧装置,其特征是:包括加温湿化器、氧气入口端、氧气出口端、测温表1、测温表I1、吸氧管、吸氧装置和接水装置;其中,自动加温和控温的加温湿化器上部有氧气出口端和氧气入口端,氧气出口端设有测温表I,氧气出口端连接吸氧管,吸氧管连接吸氧装置的进氧端,吸氧装置的进氧端设置有测温表II,吸氧装置的下端设有接水装置; 所述吸氧装置为吸氧面罩; 所述测温表II设有当测得的吸入气体温度达到或超过设定温度就自动报警的报警装置; 氧气输入到加温湿化器中进行加温、湿化后,从氧气出口端流出,测温表I实时显示此时气体温度,以调整加温湿化器中湿化液的温度,气体经过吸氧管到达吸氧装置,吸氧装置进氧端的测温表II实时显示吸入气体温度。 An infant wet oxygen thermostat means, characterized in that: a heated humidifier, oxygen gas inlet end, an oxygen outlet, a temperature table, in thermometer I1, oxygen tube, the oxygen-absorbing means and water receiving means; wherein the automatic heating and temperature control of the upper heated humidifier oxygen and oxygen inlet end an outlet end, the oxygen outlet temperature provided in table I, the oxygen outlet pipe connected to the oxygen, the oxygen tube inlet means connected to the oxygen-terminated, into the oxygen-terminated with a temperature measuring device is provided in table II, the lower end of the oxygen-absorbing means is provided with water receiving means; said absorbing means is a DRD; table II the temperature when the alarm device is provided with measured suction gas temperature reaches or exceeds the set temperature is automatically alarm; oxygen input into the heated humidifier is warmed, after humidification, flows out from the oxygen outlet, real-time temperature measurement table I gas temperature display case, in order to adjust the temperature of the heated humidifier wet liquid, oxygen gas through the tube to oxygen means absorbing means into the temperature-terminated real-time display in table II suction gas temperature.
2.如权利要求1所述的一种婴幼儿温控湿化吸氧装置,其特征是:所述加温湿化器中装有湿化液,湿化液为无菌注射用水。 2. An infant thermostat according to claim 1 wet oxygen apparatus, characterized in that: the heated humidifier was charged with wet, wet fluid is sterile water for injection.
CN201310694868.1A 2013-12-17 2013-12-17 One kind of wet oxygen infant thermostat means CN103611208B (en)

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