CN103609375A - Multifunctional arched large-medium canopy - Google Patents

Multifunctional arched large-medium canopy Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103609375A
CN103609375A CN201310549654.5A CN201310549654A CN103609375A CN 103609375 A CN103609375 A CN 103609375A CN 201310549654 A CN201310549654 A CN 201310549654A CN 103609375 A CN103609375 A CN 103609375A
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China
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canopy
farm
arched
plastic sheeting
film
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CN201310549654.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103609375B (en
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周成
高军
张强
李晖辉
周越
王方
刘文睿
赵娟
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周成
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Abstract

A multifunctional arched large-medium canopy comprises an arched canopy frame, an arched canopy jacking rod, fly net agricultural films and sunshade nets. Three fly nets are covered at two ends and the top end of the arched canopy frame, agricultural films are coved outside the fly nets, the sunshade nets are covered at the top end of the arched canopy frame on the outer sides of the agricultural films, and the fly nets, the agricultural films and the sunshade nets are fixed on film clamping grooves through clamping springs respectively. In high-temperature summer and autumn, through proper adjusting, the arched canopy can have functions of insect prevention, sun shading and cooling, ventilation and moisture removal and the like, and normal growing of oversummer vegetables is facilitated; in low-temperature winter and spring, two agricultural films tightly cover the canopy frame in an overlapped manner and cover the fly nets below and the sunshade net above, so that heat insulation effect of the arched canopy is enhanced to some extent, and early-in-spring and delayed-in autumn vegetable production can be realized better. Canopy surface materials are easy to purchase and low in cost, and construction technology is simple and easy to learn and apply by farmers.

Description

The big-and-middle canopy of a kind of Multifunctional arch
Technical field
The present invention relates to the big-and-middle canopy of a kind of arch, be specifically related to a kind of big-and-middle canopy of arch with insect protected, ventilation dewetting, temperature adjustment function of producing for vegetables and horticultural crop.
Background technology
In recent years, raising along with people's living standard, people more focus on safety, the high-quality of victual, summer vegetable is produced and proposed new requirement: the one, the variation of vegetable variety demand, require high temperature season in full summer to create conditions, produce the victual of non-refractory, particularly leaf vegetables; The 2nd, the high quality of victual, particularly solves that summer and autumn insect pest is serious, residue of pesticide exceed standard problem, produces the victual of safety, high-quality.
In order to address this problem, scientific workers have carried out useful exploration, and major measure has two aspects: the one, build the solarium that possesses insect protected, sunshade function.This solarium design science, can meet the needs that summer vegetable is produced, but cost is too high, and vegetable grower is difficult to bear, and can only use in summer, and cannot utilize winter; The 2nd, the arched roof of producing for Winter-Spring is transformed, fly net is installed in canopy both sides, this transformation has certain effect, but cooling, ventilation, hydrofuge weak effect, vegetables are difficult to normal growth.Therefore, develop and there is insect protected, ventilation dewetting, sunshading and temperature reducing function a kind of summer, there is temperature raising and maintaining function winter, can utilize in the anniversary, and small investment, effective arched roof are necessary.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides the big-and-middle canopy of a kind of Multifunctional arch, at Winter-Spring low temperature season, use, its heat insulation effect is obvious; At autumn in summer high temperature season, use, can pest control invasion and attack, easily ventilation dewetting, can sunshading and temperature reducing, canopy chamber can utilize in the anniversary, and small investment, cost are low, are easy to large scale application.
The technology of the present invention solution:
The big-and-middle canopy of a kind of Multifunctional arch, comprise arched shed rack, shed push rod, fly net plastic sheeting for farm use and sunshade net, it is characterized in that: described fly net has three width to cover respectively arched shed rack two ends and apical position, described fly net is also coated with plastic sheeting for farm use outward, described sunshade net covers the outer arched shed rack apical position of plastic sheeting for farm use, described fly net, plastic sheeting for farm use and sunshade net are separately fixed on film-clamping groove by jump ring, and plastic sheeting for farm use also auxiliary rope or the guiding principle silk of adopting is fixed.
Described film-clamping groove You Si road is fixed on arched shed rack, and shed both sides arrange respectively apart from ground level 200cm place together, and 20-50cm place, shed push rod both sides arranges respectively together.
Described plastic sheeting for farm use has two width to cover respectively arched shed rack south and north flanks, and described two width plastic sheeting for farm uses are mutual overlapping 20-30cm in arched shed rack north side.
Described plastic sheeting for farm use upper end is rolled in advance hole and penetrates rope or steel wire is convenient to auxiliary fixing.
Place, described arched shed rack north and south footing is also coated with apron film.
?beneficial effect of the present invention:
1. at autumn in summer high temperature season, by suitable adjustment, shed can possess the functions such as insect protected, sunshading and temperature reducing, ventilation dewetting, is conducive to more summer vegetables normal growth.Concrete adjustment mode is: by the plastic sheeting for farm use that covers fly net and the sunshade net that cover arched shed rack top are turned over to the sunny slope to frame, the irradiation that can effectively keep the sun off, reduces temperature of shed; To on the plastic sheeting for farm use of arched shed rack side feet, roll up simultaneously, expose the fly net of side feet, form 3 ventilation strips together with the fly net of top, utilize on damp-heat air and move principle, can effectively discharge the moisture in shed, further strengthen cooling-down effect; The fly net at two sides footing and frame top and plastic sheeting for farm use therebetween form tight barrier, prevent that insect from entering canopy chamber; Canopy face covering also can effectively avoid heavy rain to wound crop leaf in canopy, strengthens protection effect.
2, at Winter-Spring low temperature season, the tight overlapping covering frame of 2 width plastic sheeting for farm use, covers fly net and the sunshade net on it under it, has strengthened to a certain extent the heat insulation effect of shed, can carry out better the spring ahead of time and the production of autumn delay vegetables; When late spring and the higher needs of temperature in early autumn leak informaton cooling, the plastic sheeting for farm use that can suitably open on the fly net at frame both sides and top ventilates, and creates the condition that vegetable crop preferably grows, and prevents the invasion and attack of insect pest simultaneously.
3, the fastness of arched roof strengthens, and anti-snow disaster, disaster caused by a windstorm ability are stronger.Shed skeleton has increased the twice film-clamping groove of close push rod, has strengthened the structural of shed, has improved the ability of opposing crushing by snow and blast.Cover canopy film on canopy face and a bulk ofly change two into by original, top has reserved again ventilation strip, and the bad canopy film phenomenon of blast drum generally can not occur, and covers the sunshade net on film in addition, further fastens canopy film, and wind damage resisting ability is stronger.
4, cheap, easily build, be easy to large scale application.Arched shed rack material can be used steel, also available bamboo wood; Canopy plane materiel material is also easy to buying, and cost is not high; Building technology is simple, and peasant is easy to learn and use.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Greenhouse structure schematic diagram when Fig. 1 hypothermic phase of the present invention is used.
Greenhouse structure schematic diagram when Fig. 2 megathermal period of the present invention is used.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, illustrate the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, the big-and-middle canopy of a kind of Multifunctional arch, comprise arched shed rack, shed push rod, fly net, plastic sheeting for farm use and sunshade net, described fly net has three width to cover respectively arched shed rack two ends and apical position, described fly net is also coated with plastic sheeting for farm use outward, described sunshade net covers the outer arched shed rack apical position of plastic sheeting for farm use, and described fly net, plastic sheeting for farm use and sunshade net are separately fixed on film-clamping groove by jump ring, and plastic sheeting for farm use is auxiliary employing rope or fixation with steel wire also.Described film-clamping groove You Si road is fixed on arched shed rack, and shed both sides arrange respectively apart from ground level 200cm place together, and 20-50cm place, shed push rod both sides arranges respectively together.
Arch shed structure embodiment when early spring and late fall, low temperature season was used is as follows: after arched roof arch bar is plugged, is close to arched shed rack 5 and is coated with 3 width fly nets, is respectively the first fly net 2, the second fly net 11 and the 3rd fly net 13; Then in arched shed rack southern side and footing place, north side, cover the first apron film 1 and the second apron film 12, apron membrane interaction is mainly to prevent that earth's surface cold wind is directly blown in canopy and causes and damage to plants caused by sudden drop in temperature when Winter-Spring low temperature season ventilates; Then cover the first plastic sheeting for farm use 4; Covered with sunshade net 7 subsequently; Cover again the second plastic sheeting for farm use 9.With the first film-clamping groove 3, fix the first fly net 2 and the first plastic sheeting for farm use 4; With the second film-clamping groove 6, fix the 3rd fly net 13, the first plastic sheeting for farm use 4 and sunshade net 7; With the 3rd film-clamping groove 8, fix the 3rd fly net 13; The upper end of the first plastic sheeting for farm use 4 and the second plastic sheeting for farm use 9 is bonding in advance to be become the hole that thumb is thick and puts on rope or steel wire 15 and 16, is fixed on canopy face; Sunshade net 7 turns over to canopy face north side; With the 4th film-clamping groove 10, fix the second fly net 11 and the second plastic sheeting for farm use 9.
Arch shed structure when autumn in summer high temperature season is used as shown in Figure 2, embodiment is on the basis of structure shown in Fig. 1, by turned on one's side southwards the second film-clamping groove 6 to downward-extension of sunshade net 7 and the first plastic sheeting for farm use 4, keeps the sun off, fixing with rope 16, expose the 3rd fly net 13 simultaneously; The first plastic sheeting for farm use 4 is scrolled up to the first film-clamping groove 3 places, expose the first fly net 2; The second plastic sheeting for farm use 9 is scrolled up to the 4th film-clamping groove 10 places, expose the second fly net 11.
the installation of arched roof:
Arched roof is that thing extends (be that canopy face one faces south orientation sun, one side is in the shade in north side).Shed span is 800cm, rises about 300cm, and canopy face is from southern side footing to the about 1200cm of north side footing.As shown in Figure 1, while building arched roof, for the second film-clamping groove 6 of fixed top the 3rd fly net, sunshade net and the first plastic sheeting for farm use 4, apart from shed push rod 14 southern sides, be no more than 30cm, in case winter, sunshade net affect intensification in canopy.After bow member is plugged, be close to arched shed rack 5 and be coated with the first fly net 2, the second fly net 11 and the 3rd fly net 13, the first fly net 2 and the second fly net 11 fabric widths are 200cm, the width 60-80cm(of the 3rd fly net 13 is for ease of construction operation and prevent that summer rainwater from drenching in canopy in a large number, take 60cm left and right as good), the upper end of the first fly net 2 and the second fly net 11 and the two ends of the 3rd fly net 13 are fixed on film-clamping groove with jump ring.In bow member southern side and footing place, north side, also cover the first apron film 1 and the second apron film 12, height 60-80cm, upper end with plastic ties or fixation with steel wire on bow member.Then cover the first plastic sheeting for farm use 4, lower end first fixes with film rolling rob, rope is also put on or steel wire 16 in the other end hole that bonding one-tenth thumb is thick in advance, the middle part of the first plastic sheeting for farm use 4 fixes with the first film-clamping groove 3 in the lump together with the upper end of the first fly net 2, upwards cross ceiling to the three film-clamping groove 8 below 15-20cm, temporary fixed with rope or steel wire 16, then at second film-clamping groove 6 place's East and West direction covered with sunshade nets 7, sunshade net width 2 m, and with the second film-clamping groove 6, the south of the south of the 3rd fly net 13, the first plastic sheeting for farm use 4 and sunshade net 7 is fixed in the lump.Untie rope or the steel wire 16 of temporary fixed the first plastic sheeting for farm use 4, then the North of the 3rd fly net 13 is fixed with the 3rd film-clamping groove 8.Then cover the 3rd plastic sheeting for farm use 9, first the lower end of the 3rd plastic sheeting for farm use 9 is fixed with film rolling rob, rope is also put on or steel wire 15 in the other end hole that bonding one-tenth thumb is thick in advance, upwards cover and cross the about 5cm of the 3rd film-clamping groove 8, and with the rope of putting in advance or steel wire 15, the second plastic sheeting for farm use 9 upper ends are fixed, then with the 4th film-clamping groove 10, fix the second fly net 11 upper ends and the second plastic sheeting for farm use 9.Subsequently, the first plastic sheeting for farm use 4 is crossed to the 3rd film-clamping groove 8 to downward-extension 15-20cm, and fix with the rope of putting in advance or steel wire 16.Finally, sunshade net 7 is turned over to canopy face north side, and with film-pressing line, sunshade net, the first plastic sheeting for farm use are fastened.
As shown in Figure 2, when autumn in summer high temperature season is used, unclamp the film-pressing line on canopy face, untie rope or the steel wire 16 of fixing the first plastic sheeting for farm use 4, by turned on one's side southwards the second film-clamping groove 6 to downward-extension of sunshade net 7 and the first plastic sheeting for farm use 4, and fixing with rope 16, can sunshading and temperature reducing, expose fly net 13 simultaneously; The first plastic sheeting for farm use 4 is scrolled up to the first film-clamping groove 3 places, and the upper end of the first apron film 1 suitably can be moved down, expose fly net 2; The second plastic sheeting for farm use 9 is scrolled up to the 4th film-clamping groove 10 places, and the upper end of the second apron film 12 suitably can be moved down, expose the second fly net 11.And then tighten film-pressing line.
To sum up, the present invention accomplishes the end in view.

Claims (5)

1. the big-and-middle canopy of Multifunctional arch, comprise arched shed rack, shed push rod, fly net plastic sheeting for farm use and sunshade net, it is characterized in that: described fly net has three width to cover respectively arched shed rack two ends and apical position, described fly net is also coated with plastic sheeting for farm use outward, described sunshade net covers the outer arched shed rack apical position of plastic sheeting for farm use, described fly net, plastic sheeting for farm use and sunshade net are separately fixed on film-clamping groove by jump ring, and plastic sheeting for farm use also auxiliary rope or the guiding principle silk of adopting is fixed.
2. the big-and-middle canopy of a kind of Multifunctional arch according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described film-clamping groove You Si road is fixed on arched shed rack, and shed both sides arrange respectively apart from ground level 200cm place together, and 20-50cm place, shed push rod both sides arranges respectively one.
3. the big-and-middle canopy of a kind of Multifunctional arch according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described plastic sheeting for farm use has two width to cover respectively arched shed rack south and north flanks, and described two width plastic sheeting for farm uses are mutual overlapping 20-30cm in arched shed rack north side.
4. the big-and-middle canopy of a kind of Multifunctional arch according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described plastic sheeting for farm use upper end is rolled in advance hole and penetrates rope or steel wire is convenient to auxiliary fixing.
5. the big-and-middle canopy of a kind of Multifunctional arch according to claim 1, is characterized in that: place, described arched shed rack north and south footing is also coated with apron film.
CN201310549654.5A 2013-11-08 2013-11-08 The big-and-middle canopy of a kind of Multifunctional arch Active CN103609375B (en)

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2455063Y (en) * 2001-01-08 2001-10-24 深圳市绿鹏农业设施工程技术有限公司 Combined greenhouse for cultivating plants
JP2006249603A (en) * 2005-03-10 2006-09-21 Mitsubishi Chemicals Corp Monofilament made of polyester-based resin for net fabric
CN201718256U (en) * 2010-06-30 2011-01-26 江苏省农业科学院 Agricultural steel-framed plastic greenhouse
CN201733667U (en) * 2010-07-14 2011-02-09 杨剑锋 Vegetable farming plastic shed
CN102823406A (en) * 2012-09-10 2012-12-19 宁波市大桥生态农业有限公司 Year-round industrial rapid production method of organic little cabbage based on solar greenhouses
CN202857417U (en) * 2012-09-29 2013-04-10 江苏省农业科学院 Cooling ventilating mushroom general cultivation greenhouse
CN103355076A (en) * 2013-07-19 2013-10-23 镇江瑞繁农艺有限公司 Method for cultivating non-heading Chinese cabbages in high-temperature season
CN203505202U (en) * 2013-11-08 2014-04-02 周成 Large or medium-sized multifunctional arched greenhouse

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2455063Y (en) * 2001-01-08 2001-10-24 深圳市绿鹏农业设施工程技术有限公司 Combined greenhouse for cultivating plants
JP2006249603A (en) * 2005-03-10 2006-09-21 Mitsubishi Chemicals Corp Monofilament made of polyester-based resin for net fabric
CN201718256U (en) * 2010-06-30 2011-01-26 江苏省农业科学院 Agricultural steel-framed plastic greenhouse
CN201733667U (en) * 2010-07-14 2011-02-09 杨剑锋 Vegetable farming plastic shed
CN102823406A (en) * 2012-09-10 2012-12-19 宁波市大桥生态农业有限公司 Year-round industrial rapid production method of organic little cabbage based on solar greenhouses
CN202857417U (en) * 2012-09-29 2013-04-10 江苏省农业科学院 Cooling ventilating mushroom general cultivation greenhouse
CN103355076A (en) * 2013-07-19 2013-10-23 镇江瑞繁农艺有限公司 Method for cultivating non-heading Chinese cabbages in high-temperature season
CN203505202U (en) * 2013-11-08 2014-04-02 周成 Large or medium-sized multifunctional arched greenhouse

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Inventor after: Wu Kaihong

Inventor before: Zhou Cheng

Inventor before: Gao Jun

Inventor before: Zhang Qiang

Inventor before: Li Huihui

Inventor before: Zhou Yue

Inventor before: Wang Fang

Inventor before: Liu Wenrui

Inventor before: Zhao Juan

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Effective date of registration: 20170922

Address after: 301700 Tianjin city Wuqing District Metro forward Road on the north side of Jade Garden 6-2-2204

Patentee after: Wu Kaihong

Address before: 223800 Suqian City, Jiangsu province Sucheng district government building room 425

Patentee before: Zhou Cheng

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Effective date of registration: 20180530

Address after: 226156 999 Harbour Road, Binhai New Area, Haimen, Nantong, Jiangsu

Patentee after: HAIMEN HUANGHAI PIONEER PARK SERVICES CO., LTD.

Address before: 301700 6-2-2204, jade garden, north of Xincheng Road, Wuqing District, Tianjin.

Patentee before: Wu Kaihong

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Effective date of registration: 20180809

Address after: 354400 Fujian, Sanming City, Taining County, Shan Shu Town, third Shang Shu (first floor of the former Environmental Protection Bureau)

Patentee after: Taining County eight Xian Yan eco agricultural science and Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 226156 999 Harbour Road, Binhai New Area, Haimen, Nantong, Jiangsu

Patentee before: HAIMEN HUANGHAI PIONEER PARK SERVICES CO., LTD.

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