CN103598439B - 一种促生长的青鱼饲料 - Google Patents

一种促生长的青鱼饲料 Download PDF

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CN103598439B
CN103598439B CN201310479071.XA CN201310479071A CN103598439B CN 103598439 B CN103598439 B CN 103598439B CN 201310479071 A CN201310479071 A CN 201310479071A CN 103598439 B CN103598439 B CN 103598439B
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
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    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
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Abstract

本发明涉及水产养殖技术领域,具体是涉及一种促生长的青鱼饲料,该饲料由以下重量份的原料制得:甜玉米面45-50,黑麦麸皮20-22,紫花苜蓿粉10-12,豆腐渣12-15,次粉12-15,磷酸氢钙3-4,田螺粉4-5,鸡肠粉4-5,螺蛳粉4-5,苏丹草5-6,黄酒糟8-10,浮萍粉8-10,大蒜粉2-3,食盐适量,诱食剂4-5。本发明所配制的青鱼饲料,充分结合青鱼的进食特性,在基础原料上添加了田螺粉、鸡肠粉、螺蛳粉等原料,不仅补充了饲料营养,还增进了饲料的适口性,青鱼采食量增加,生长发育快速,增重明显,提高了养殖效益。

Description

一种促生长的青鱼饲料
技术领域
[0001] 本发明涉及水产养殖技术领域,具体涉及一种促生长的青鱼饲料及其制备方法。
背景技术
[0002] 青鱼是我国淡水养殖的四大家鱼之一,其肉质细嫩、营养丰富,还有珍贵的微量元 素,具有滋补强身、抗癌的食疗作用,广受消费者的欢迎,青鱼生长迅速,易于饲养,青鱼的 养殖也由传统的池塘放养过渡到大规模的网箱养殖,然而在集约化的养殖过程中,青鱼的 饲养管理尤为重要,现有的青鱼饲料多存在营养不均衡、激素类药物添加过多、重金属含量 偏高等问题,导致青鱼容易出现各种疾病及药物残留状况,严重影响到青鱼的养殖效益,因 此,为了提高养殖效益,改变饲料配方,保证营养均衡,促进青鱼生长发育是最根本的解决 手段。
发明内容
[0003] 本发明的目的是提供一种促生长的青鱼饲料,为了实现上述目的,本发明采用以 下技术方案:
[0004] -种促生长的青鱼饲料,其特征在于,各原料重量份如下:甜玉米面45-50,黑麦 麸皮20-22,紫花苜蓿粉10-12,豆腐渣12-15,次粉12-15,磷酸氢钙3-4,田螺粉4-5,鸡 肠粉4-5,螺蛳粉4-5,苏丹草5-6,黄酒糟8-10,浮萍粉8-10,大蒜粉2-3,食盐适量,诱食 剂4-5,诱食剂由下列重量份的原料组成:薏仁油1-2,大麦苗粉1-2, 丁葵草2-3,峨参叶 2-3,黑皮根3-4,山楂12-14,黑木耳2-3,绞股蓝1-2,光刺兔唇花1-2,芝麻油30-35,面粉 30-40 ;制备方法是将丁葵草、峨参叶、黑皮根、山楂、黑木耳、绞股蓝、光刺兔唇花加水煎煮 1-2小时,过滤得煎液,浓缩成稠膏,药渣烘干后,粉碎,加入炒热的芝麻油中拌炒10-15分 钟;最后,将所得的稠膏,药渣及其它剩余成分混合,制粒,即得。
[0005] 所述的一种促生长的青鱼饲料,其制备步骤如下:
[0006] (1)将黑麦麸皮、豆腐渣、黄酒糟按比例混合均匀后,粉碎为粉末;
[0007] (2)将苏丹草切碎备用;
[0008] (3)将余下所有组分与(1)、(2)混合,控制水分,加入食盐,搅拌均匀后烘干制粒, 粒径0. 2-0. 5晕米。
[0009] 本发明的有益效果在于,从青鱼的食性出发,在基础原料上添加了田螺粉、鸡肠 粉、螺蛳粉等原料,不仅补充了饲料营养,还增进了饲料的适口性,青鱼进食增加,生长发育 快速,增重明显,饲料利用率高,同时大蒜粉等原料增强了青鱼的抗病抗菌能力,减少疾病 发生的概率。
具体实施方式
[0010] 实施例
[0011] 本实施例的青鱼饲料由以下重量份的原料制得:甜玉米面50,黑麦麸皮22,紫花 苜蓿粉12,豆腐渣15,次粉15,磷酸氢钙4,田螺粉5,鸡肠粉5,螺蛳粉5,苏丹草6,黄酒糟 10,浮萍粉10,大蒜粉3,食盐适量,诱食剂4,诱食剂由下列重量份的原料组成:薏仁油2,大 麦苗粉2, 丁葵草2,峨参叶2,黑皮根4,山楂14,黑木耳3,绞股蓝2,光刺兔唇花1,芝麻油 35,面粉40 ;制备方法是将丁葵草、峨参叶、黑皮根、山楂、黑木耳、绞股蓝、光刺兔唇花加水 煎煮1. 5小时,过滤得煎液,浓缩成稠膏,药渣烘干后,粉碎,加入炒热的芝麻油中拌炒15分 钟;最后,将所得的稠膏,药渣及其它剩余成分混合,制粒,即得。
[0012] 本实施例的青鱼饲料制备方法包括以下步骤:
[0013] (1)将黑麦麸皮、豆腐渣、黄酒糟按比例混合均匀后,粉碎为粉末;
[0014] (2 )将苏丹草切碎备用;
[0015] (3)将余下所有组分与(1)、(2)混合,控制水分,加入食盐,搅拌均匀后烘干制粒, 粒径0.5毫米。
[0016] 本实施例在青鱼养殖场进行,随机选取两块青鱼养殖池,每块养殖池均含有300 尾青鱼,两块养殖池分为对照组和实验组,实验组喂食本发明的青鱼饲料,对照组喂食传统 饲料,两组青鱼的喂养次数、喂养量、喂养时间均相同,连续喂养三个月,两组青鱼生长情况 下表:
Figure CN103598439BD00041
[0018] 从表中可以很明显的看出,实验组青鱼在连续喂食本发明提供的饲料后,鱼群进 食活跃、生长发育良好,日均增重较对照组提高。

Claims (2)

1. 一种促生长的青鱼饲料,其特征在于,该饲料由以下重量份的原料制成:甜玉米面 45-50,黑麦麸皮20-22,紫花苜蓿粉10-12,豆腐渣12-15,次粉12-15,磷酸氢钙3-4,田螺粉 4-5,鸡肠粉4-5,螺蛳粉4-5,苏丹草5-6,黄酒糟8-10,浮萍粉8-10,大蒜粉2-3,食盐适量, 诱食剂4-5,诱食剂由下列重量份的原料制成:薏仁油1-2,大麦苗粉1-2, 丁葵草2-3,峨参 叶2-3,黑皮根3-4,山楂12-14,黑木耳2-3,绞股蓝1-2,光刺兔唇花1-2,芝麻油30-35,面 粉30-40 ;所述诱食剂的制备方法是将丁葵草、峨参叶、黑皮根、山楂、黑木耳、绞股蓝、光刺 兔唇花加水煎煮1-2小时,过滤得煎液,浓缩成稠膏,药渣烘干后,粉碎,加入炒热的芝麻油 中拌炒10-15分钟;最后,将所得的稠膏,药渣及其它剩余成分混合,制粒,即得。
2. 如权利要求1所述的一种促生长的青鱼饲料,其制备步骤如下: (1) 将黑麦麸皮、豆腐渣、黄酒糟按比例混合均匀后,粉碎为粉末; (2) 将苏丹草切碎备用; (3) 将余下所有组分与(1 )、(2)混合,控制水分,加入食盐,搅拌均匀后烘干制粒,粒径 0. 2-0. 5 毫米。
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