CN103598077A - Cultivation substrate for artificially cultivating dendrobium nobile - Google Patents

Cultivation substrate for artificially cultivating dendrobium nobile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103598077A
CN103598077A CN201310614581.3A CN201310614581A CN103598077A CN 103598077 A CN103598077 A CN 103598077A CN 201310614581 A CN201310614581 A CN 201310614581A CN 103598077 A CN103598077 A CN 103598077A
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China
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dendrobium nobile
cultivation
bryozoatum
substrate
cultivation substrate
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CN201310614581.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103598077B (en
Inventor
杨为情
朱光忠
杨壮志
张黎
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保山市大高原生物有限公司
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    • Y02P60/216

Abstract

The invention discloses a cultivation substrate for artificially cultivating dendrobium nobile. The cultivation substrate is made of bryozoatum. The substrate of a cultivation bed for cultivating the dendrobium nobile is divided into three flatly laid layers from bottom to top, the first layer of the cultivation substrate comprises bryozoatum particles with the diameters ranging from 2.5cm to 4cm, the thickness of the first layer ranges from 3cm to 4cm, the second layer of the cultivation substrate comprises bryozoatum particles with the diameters ranging from 0.7cm to 1.5cm, the thickness of the second layer ranges from 3cm to 4cm, the third layer of the cultivation substrate comprises pine bark or alder bark, the diameter of the pine bark or the alder bark ranges from 2cm to 3cm, the laying thickness of the cultivation substrate ranges from 1cm to 2cm, healthy and strong dendrobium nobile seedlings with the heights ranging from 3cm to 8cm are cultivated in the substrate according to certain spacing in the rows, the certain spacing in the rows is 5-10X10-15cm, and the dendrobium nobile can be harvested after 11 months. The cultivation substrate has the advantages that the problem of difficulty in selecting substrates for dendrobium nobile cultivation procedures can be effectively solved, materials of the cultivation substrate are easily available, the cultivation substrate is low in cost, is not easy to decay and is good in air permeability and water permeability, high in water holding capacity and fertilizer conserving capacity, and favorable for healthy growth of the dendrobium nobile, and the dendrobium nobile is high in survival rate.

Description

The planting matrix that the artificial planting stem of noble dendrobium is used
Technical field
The invention belongs to stem of noble dendrobium artificial cultivation technique field.Be specifically related to a kind of planting matrix of the artificial planting stem of noble dendrobium.
Background technology
The stem of noble dendrobium, one of orchid, is mainly distributed in Tropical Asian and subtropics, Australia and Pacific Islands, China's major part is distributed in the ground such as southwest, south China, Taiwan.The principal item of dendrobium has HERBA DENDROBII, dendrobium, Dendrobium Chrysotoxum Lindl etc.Can be used as medicine, the stem of noble dendrobium by name, drives solution abnormal heat, the curative effects such as beneficial smart reinforcing yin essence to human body.Along with the rise of the industry of flowers and plants, dendrobium also becomes a kind of ornamental plants.The planting type of dendrobium is generally potted plant.Because dendrobium has firm, the happy and auspicious affable makings of nature, be described as father's flower.The plant of dendrobium consists of pedicel, and thick as middle finger, leaf is extracted out from axil as leaf of bamboo scape, and every Roripa is spent seven or eight, every 6 lobes of spending, and scatter in four sides, and petal limit is purple, and the lobe heart is white.Dendrobium Sw is epiphyte, and habitat is unique, to microclimate environment, requires very strict.Be born on the Schattenseite, half Schattenseite subacidity rock stratum cliff of warm cool high humidity, clustering distributes, and above has forest side to shelter from heat or light more, under have Xi Gou water source, winter-spring season is slightly drought-resistant, but serious water shortage often blade fall to the greatest extent, naked stem is tided over poor environment, again sprouts branches and leaves to warm season.The mixed lifes such as normal and lichens, bryophyte and lepidogrammitis drymoglossoides Ching, volt stone fern, Selaginella tamariscina, stone beans orchid.At present, the planting matrix that the artificial planting stem of noble dendrobium is used mainly contains bark, wood chip, sphagna, peat soil, river sand, and wherein the matrix of applicable growth is sphagna, bark and wood chip.Sphagna moss, can after simple washing and sterilization, can use, but its price comparison is high, therefore cause the cost up of plant development, most plantations family can not be accepted, and wood chip is compared and in price, is had clear superiority with sphagna, but wood chip needed to process by fermentation before using, and in planting process, easily rot, need to change.
At present, the general booths that shelter from heat or light that adopt of the artificial cultivation stem of noble dendrobium, build plane seedbed and cultivate more in booth.Seedbed generally adopts the stent-type seedbed of steel construction, timber structure or masonry structure, in agricultural production, builds the high cost in this class seedbed, and fragile, and with changing or difficult in maintenance, and survival rate is lower, brings a lot of difficulties to the artificial cultivation of the stem of noble dendrobium., through the present invention, concentrate on studies for this reason, develop a kind of medium that is more applicable to stem of noble dendrobium growth, experiment showed, respond well.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to the technical deficiency for the existing plantation stem of noble dendrobium, a kind of planting matrix of the artificial planting stem of noble dendrobium of applicable stem of noble dendrobium growth is provided.It is raw material that the present invention adopts bryozoatum, and bryozoatum is ventilated, drainage good, is conducive to the growth of stem of noble dendrobium root system.Technical scheme of the present invention has following step:
A, that the bryozoatum of choosing is made into two kinds of particles of diameter 2.5-cm and diameter 0.7-1.5Ccm is standby.
B, select diameter at pine bark or the alder bark of 2-3cm, under boiling water, boil degreasing in 15-20 minute, then pull out and dry;
The implant bed matrix that C, the plantation stem of noble dendrobium are used is divided into three layers of tiling from top to bottom: ground floor is the bryozoatum particle of diameter 2.5-4cm, thickness 3-4cm; The second layer is the bryozoatum particle of diameter 0.7-1.5cm, thickness 3-4cm, and the 3rd layer is pine bark or the alder bark of diameter 2-3cm, paving thickness 1-2cm;
D, will highly for the healthy and strong stem of noble dendrobium seedling of 3-8cm, by the seeding row spacing of 5-10 * 10-15cm, plant in matrix, cultivate results after 11 months.
The present invention selects bryozoatum as planting matrix, both can be cost-saving, can change matrix again, and well solve the selection problem of growing dendrobium process mesostroma.Bryozoatum another name spray, Hai Shi, PUMEX, the magma spraying for volcano solidifies the cellular stone of formation, mostly is mineral matter aggregate, and main component is silica (SiO 2), and contain the multiple elements such as calcium, sodium, iron, aluminium, magnesium, zinc, titanium, phosphorus.The present invention has and draws materials easily, and cost is low, and matrix is not perishable, and ventilating permeable is good, and water conservation, keeping fertility are strong, are beneficial to the healthy and strong growth of the stem of noble dendrobium, the advantage that survival rate is high.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention will be further described.
The present embodiment mesostroma is divided into three layers from top to bottom: extra large quick sand stratum granulosum for ground floor, diameter, in 2.5-4cm left and right, is laid in bryozoatum on implant bed, controls thickness 3-4cm.The second layer is high with the bryozoatum paving 3-4cm of diameter 0.7-1.5cm, and the 3rd layer high at pine bark or the alder bark paving 1-2cm of 2-3cm with diameter.
Experiment in cultivation: 1 kilogram of the candidum tissue culturing seedling plant of the water planting of learning from else's experience refinery, transplant to the present embodiment matrix.According to equal conditions, the candidum tissue culturing seedling plant of the water planting of learning from else's experience refinery, plant in the common matrix such as bark in present use, wood chip, sphagna, peat soil, river sand, as a control group, plant in variant matrix, coordinate local conditions to carry out scientic planting management: after plantation, take the circumstances into consideration to water, spray nutritious liquor, execute solid composite fertilizer, spraying fungicide or insecticide.Three groups of officinal dendrobium stem plantations were gathered in the crops after 11 months, during results, connected root and take out, clean cultivation matrix, remove surperficial moisture content, observe growing state.The yield comparison of different substrates cultivation sees the following form:
By actual observation and contrast, adopt the dendrobium candidum that the invention provides matrix and cultivation method management in presentation quality and output, to be all better than the dendrobium candidum that control group is cultivated.

Claims (1)

1. the planting matrix that the artificial planting stem of noble dendrobium is used, is characterized in that, take bryozoatum as raw material, following steps for manufacturing:
A, the bryozoatum of choosing is made to two kinds of particles of diameter 2.5-4cm and diameter 0.7-1.5cm, standby;
B, select diameter at pine bark or the alder bark of 2-3cm, under boiling water, boil degreasing in 15-20 minute, then pull out and dry;
The implant bed matrix that C, the plantation stem of noble dendrobium are used is divided into three layers of tiling from top to bottom: ground floor is the bryozoatum particle of diameter 2.5-4cm, thickness 3-4cm; The second layer is the bryozoatum particle of diameter 0.7-1.5cm, thickness 3-4cm, and the 3rd layer is pine bark or the alder bark of diameter 2-3cm, paving thickness 1-2cm;
D, the healthy and strong stem of noble dendrobium seedling that is highly 3 ~ 8cm is planted in matrix by the seeding row spacing of 5 ~ 10 * 10 ~ 15cm, cultivate results after 16 months.
CN201310614581.3A 2013-11-28 2013-11-28 Cultivation substrate for artificially cultivating dendrobium nobile CN103598077B (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104542208A (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-04-29 安徽省霍山县益生源生态农业开发有限公司 Method for planting dendrobium nobile under imitating wild condition
CN104604659A (en) * 2015-02-11 2015-05-13 贵州绿春缘有机农业产业管理有限公司 Culture media for improving polysaccharide content of dendrobium officinale plants and culture method of dendrobium officinale plants
CN104957018A (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-10-07 厦门谷草农业科技有限公司 Greenhouse planting method of dendrobium officinale
CN105075859A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-11-25 南京师范大学 Culture medium for promoting dendrobium candidum to take root by using bryozoatum
CN105294244A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-02-03 蚌埠龙达农业专业合作社 Planting matrix for conifers
CN105294243A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-02-03 蚌埠龙达农业专业合作社 Planting matrix of photinia parvifolia
CN105284566A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-02-03 蚌埠龙达农业专业合作社 Planting substrate for clivia miniata regel
CN105766592A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-07-20 覃伟 Planting matrix for artificial planting of Caulis Dendrobii and preparation method thereof
CN105766591A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-07-20 广西智宝科技有限公司 Dendrobium officinale culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN105850682A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-08-17 广西智宝科技有限公司 Special cultivation substrate for dendrobium officinale and preparation method of special cultivation substrate
CN105941107A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-09-21 凌云县长生仙草生物科技开发有限公司 Planting substrate for dendrobium officinale and preparation method for planting substrate
CN105961162A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-09-28 安徽霍山县茗翠生态农业有限公司 Matching method for dendrobe planting soil
CN106171872A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-12-07 桐城市泰安中药材种植专业合作社 A kind of matching method of growing dendrobium soil

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CN101352140A (en) * 2008-08-22 2009-01-28 李明焱 Dendrobium officinale substrate and planting method
CN101653096A (en) * 2008-08-20 2010-02-24 汉中植物研究所 Method for tissue-culture breeding and wild-simulated cultivation of dendrobium candidum
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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104542208A (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-04-29 安徽省霍山县益生源生态农业开发有限公司 Method for planting dendrobium nobile under imitating wild condition
CN104604659A (en) * 2015-02-11 2015-05-13 贵州绿春缘有机农业产业管理有限公司 Culture media for improving polysaccharide content of dendrobium officinale plants and culture method of dendrobium officinale plants
CN105075859A (en) * 2015-07-07 2015-11-25 南京师范大学 Culture medium for promoting dendrobium candidum to take root by using bryozoatum
CN105075859B (en) * 2015-07-07 2017-08-25 南京师范大学 A kind of utilization bryozoatum promotes the culture medium that dendrobium candidum is taken root
CN104957018A (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-10-07 厦门谷草农业科技有限公司 Greenhouse planting method of dendrobium officinale
CN105294244A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-02-03 蚌埠龙达农业专业合作社 Planting matrix for conifers
CN105294243A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-02-03 蚌埠龙达农业专业合作社 Planting matrix of photinia parvifolia
CN105284566A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-02-03 蚌埠龙达农业专业合作社 Planting substrate for clivia miniata regel
CN105766591A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-07-20 广西智宝科技有限公司 Dendrobium officinale culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN105850682A (en) * 2016-04-25 2016-08-17 广西智宝科技有限公司 Special cultivation substrate for dendrobium officinale and preparation method of special cultivation substrate
CN105941107A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-09-21 凌云县长生仙草生物科技开发有限公司 Planting substrate for dendrobium officinale and preparation method for planting substrate
CN105766592A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-07-20 覃伟 Planting matrix for artificial planting of Caulis Dendrobii and preparation method thereof
CN105961162A (en) * 2016-05-26 2016-09-28 安徽霍山县茗翠生态农业有限公司 Matching method for dendrobe planting soil
CN106171872A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-12-07 桐城市泰安中药材种植专业合作社 A kind of matching method of growing dendrobium soil

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