CN103597975A - Summer maize cultivation method - Google Patents

Summer maize cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103597975A
CN103597975A CN201310488713.2A CN201310488713A CN103597975A CN 103597975 A CN103597975 A CN 103597975A CN 201310488713 A CN201310488713 A CN 201310488713A CN 103597975 A CN103597975 A CN 103597975A
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seed
sowing
corn
density
fertilizer
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CN201310488713.2A
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赵刚
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赵刚
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Abstract

A summer maize cultivation method relates to the technical field of crop planting. The method is characterized by including, variety selection, time-against early sowing, fine seeding, reasonable density increasing, scientific fertilizer preparation, effective field management and timely late harvesting. The steps of the summer maize cultivation method are very easy and popular to understand and clear, thereby being applicable to serving for reference and usage of professional planting personnel or common workers. The summer maize cultivation method is reasonable, facilitates planting and achieves good planting effects.

Description

A kind of summer corn cultivation method
Technical field:
The present invention relates to proportion of crop planting technical field, be specifically related to a kind of summer corn cultivation method.
Background technology:
Corn (formal name used at school: Zea mays), Chinese first cereal crops, main producing region is positioned at large corn belt, third place in the world---Chinese Pine the Liao Dynasty corn belt, Plain [1].Approximately 1249.35 square kilometres of the total cultivated areas of corn, also claim maize, maize, maize, ear of maize.Guangdong language is called maize, and the south of Fujian Province language is called a kind wheat.Being annual gramineae herbaceous plant, is important cereal crops and important feed resource, is also the highest cereal crops of whole world gross yield.
Corn in June, plantation in July, is called summer corn, or is called Summer Maize.
And the average per unit area yield of some regional corn is very low, this is that environment due to certain areas self causes, and what in such situation, common implantation methods just cannot be good can make corn yield increasing, will bring unnecessary economic loss like this.
Summary of the invention:
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to overcome existing technological deficiency a kind of summer corn cultivation method that a kind of method is reasonable, plantation is convenient, planting effect is good is provided.
Technical problem to be solved by this invention adopts following technical scheme to realize:
A summer corn cultivation method, is characterized in that: comprises the following steps,
Step 1, kind are selected: select about 100 days breeding times, compact, resistance to close type medium variety, such as No. 11, Zheng Dan 958 ,Xian Yu335,Zhong section etc.Before broadcasting, carry out seed cleaning, use capsuled seed, the seed of dressing does not adopt bactericide and insecticide to mix seed dressing;
Step 2, early sowing while robbing: before June 15, needed that all sowing is complete by seed, pouring " cover-head water " immediately after broadcasting;
Step 3, meticulous sowing: during sower operation, travel speed is no more than 4km/h, promote mechanization precise hole sowing technology, selects germination rate at more than 95% seed, determines density of reserved seedlings before sowing.Sowing depth 3-5cm, uniformity, earthing covers tightly, the mu amount of broadcasting 2-2.5kg;
Step 4, rationally increase density: adopt line-spacing 60cm kind to plant.The density of reserved seedlings of compact how rice kind is 4500-5000 plant/acre, and the density of reserved seedlings in high-yield field is 5000-5500 plant/acre, and high density plot will be strengthened rich water and drop into;
Step 5, scientific formula fertilising: use sufficient seed manure, heavily chase after ear manuer, mend and execute colored granulated fertilizer.During sowing, use nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 20-25kg and do seed manure, fertilizer will be used with kind of sublayering or branch;
Step 6, do field management well:
6.1, seedling management: chemical weed control, before after planting emerging, use atrazine plus acetochlar evenly to spray ground, after emergence of corn, the 3-5 leaf phase can be carried out cauline leaf processing with the phonetic green bristlegrass of cigarette, Yu Nongle, cultivated outstanding person etc.In the timely thinning of 4-5 leaf phase, final singling.The damage by disease and insect such as the cotton bollworm in time control seedling stage, plant hopper, Sweden fly;
6.2, fringe period management: the heavy dressing typhon mouth phase is fertile, and every mu imposes urea 25-30kg, adopts the middle-size and small-size cultivator-fertilizer of corn to topdress.The corncob phase will have been filled with water twice in conjunction with precipitation, before and after typhon mouth, is taking out male front and back for the second time for the first time, and irrigation quantity suitably strengthens;
6.3, final-period management: the phase combination of flower grain is watered or rainfall imposes granulated fertilizer, and mu is executed urea 8-12kg.Middle and later periods needs artificial supplementary pollination and emasculation;
Step 7, harvest in proper late: corn is received 1 day every night, thousand kernel weight increases 3-4g, and harvest corn period is generally in early October.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: very simple, easy-to-understand of above-mentioned step, and very clear, be applicable to professional plant personnel or common staff's reference and use.And above-mentioned steps adopts common, the conventional fertilizer such as urea mostly, cost compare is cheap.The inventive method rationally, plantation is convenient, planting effect is good.
Embodiment:
For technological means, creation characteristic that the present invention is realized, reach object and effect is easy to understand, below further set forth the present invention.
A summer corn cultivation method, is characterized in that: comprises the following steps,
Step 1, kind are selected: select about 100 days breeding times, compact, resistance to close type medium variety, such as No. 11, Zheng Dan 958 ,Xian Yu335,Zhong section etc.Before broadcasting, carry out seed cleaning, use capsuled seed, the seed of dressing does not adopt bactericide and insecticide to mix seed dressing;
Step 2, early sowing while robbing: before June 15, needed that all sowing is complete by seed, pouring " cover-head water " immediately after broadcasting;
Step 3, meticulous sowing: during sower operation, travel speed is no more than 4km/h, promote mechanization precise hole sowing technology, selects germination rate at more than 95% seed, determines density of reserved seedlings before sowing.Sowing depth 3-5cm, uniformity, earthing covers tightly, the mu amount of broadcasting 2-2.5kg;
Step 4, rationally increase density: adopt line-spacing 60cm kind to plant.The density of reserved seedlings of compact how rice kind is 4500-5000 plant/acre, and the density of reserved seedlings in high-yield field is 5000-5500 plant/acre, and high density plot will be strengthened rich water and drop into;
Step 5, scientific formula fertilising: use sufficient seed manure, heavily chase after ear manuer, mend and execute colored granulated fertilizer.During sowing, use nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 20-25kg and do seed manure, fertilizer will be used with kind of sublayering or branch;
Step 6, do field management well:
6.1, seedling management: chemical weed control, before after planting emerging, use atrazine plus acetochlar evenly to spray ground, after emergence of corn, the 3-5 leaf phase can be carried out cauline leaf processing with the phonetic green bristlegrass of cigarette, Yu Nongle, cultivated outstanding person etc.In the timely thinning of 4-5 leaf phase, final singling.The damage by disease and insect such as the cotton bollworm in time control seedling stage, plant hopper, Sweden fly;
6.2, fringe period management: the heavy dressing typhon mouth phase is fertile, and every mu imposes urea 25-30kg, adopts the middle-size and small-size cultivator-fertilizer of corn to topdress.The corncob phase will have been filled with water twice in conjunction with precipitation, before and after typhon mouth, is taking out male front and back for the second time for the first time, and irrigation quantity suitably strengthens;
6.3, final-period management: the phase combination of flower grain is watered or rainfall imposes granulated fertilizer, and mu is executed urea 8-12kg.Middle and later periods needs artificial supplementary pollination and emasculation;
Step 7, harvest in proper late: corn is received 1 day every night, thousand kernel weight increases 3-4g, and harvest corn period is generally in early October.
More than show and described basic principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; that in above-described embodiment and specification, describes just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.The claimed scope of the present invention is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (1)

1. a summer corn cultivation method, is characterized in that: comprises the following steps,
Step 1, kind are selected: select about 100 days breeding times, compact, resistance to close type medium variety, such as No. 11, Zheng Dan 958 ,Xian Yu335,Zhong section etc.Before broadcasting, carry out seed cleaning, use capsuled seed, the seed of dressing does not adopt bactericide and insecticide to mix seed dressing;
Step 2, early sowing while robbing: before June 15, needed that all sowing is complete by seed, pouring " cover-head water " immediately after broadcasting;
Step 3, meticulous sowing: during sower operation, travel speed is no more than 4km/h, promote mechanization precise hole sowing technology, selects germination rate at more than 95% seed, determines density of reserved seedlings before sowing.Sowing depth 3-5cm, uniformity, earthing covers tightly, the mu amount of broadcasting 2-2.5kg;
Step 4, rationally increase density: adopt line-spacing 60cm kind to plant.The density of reserved seedlings of compact how rice kind is 4500-5000 plant/acre, and the density of reserved seedlings in high-yield field is 5000-5500 plant/acre, and high density plot will be strengthened rich water and drop into;
Step 5, scientific formula fertilising: use sufficient seed manure, heavily chase after ear manuer, mend and execute colored granulated fertilizer.During sowing, use nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer 20-25kg and do seed manure, fertilizer will be used with kind of sublayering or branch;
Step 6, do field management well:
6.1, seedling management: chemical weed control, before after planting emerging, use atrazine plus acetochlar evenly to spray ground, after emergence of corn, the 3-5 leaf phase can be carried out cauline leaf processing with the phonetic green bristlegrass of cigarette, Yu Nongle, cultivated outstanding person etc.In the timely thinning of 4-5 leaf phase, final singling.The damage by disease and insect such as the cotton bollworm in time control seedling stage, plant hopper, Sweden fly;
6.2, fringe period management: the heavy dressing typhon mouth phase is fertile, and every mu imposes urea 25-30kg, adopts the middle-size and small-size cultivator-fertilizer of corn to topdress.The corncob phase will have been filled with water twice in conjunction with precipitation, before and after typhon mouth, is taking out male front and back for the second time for the first time, and irrigation quantity suitably strengthens;
6.3, final-period management: the phase combination of flower grain is watered or rainfall imposes granulated fertilizer, and mu is executed urea 8-12kg.Middle and later periods needs artificial supplementary pollination and emasculation;
Step 7, harvest in proper late: corn is received 1 day every night, thousand kernel weight increases 3-4g, and harvest corn period is generally in early October.
CN201310488713.2A 2013-10-18 2013-10-18 Summer maize cultivation method Pending CN103597975A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104081968A (en) * 2014-06-18 2014-10-08 安徽华箔箔业科技有限公司 Seedling stage management method for summer maize
CN104584814A (en) * 2014-12-29 2015-05-06 山西省农业科学院小麦研究所 Balanced fertilization method under condition of wheat/corn one-year-two-harvest cultivation total straw returning
CN104855078A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-08-26 王和绥 Ear period management method of corns in middle regions of Anhui Province, China
CN105052459A (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-11-18 李新华 Corn plantation method
CN106508389A (en) * 2016-10-29 2017-03-22 德州市农业科学研究院 High-yield simple and labor saving type maize cultivation technology
CN107027507A (en) * 2017-06-05 2017-08-11 高瑞杰 No-tillage Sequential Cropping Silage Maize cultural method after wheat under condition of drip irrigation
CN107172992A (en) * 2017-05-15 2017-09-19 杨亚勇 A kind of corn planting method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102415259A (en) * 2011-10-12 2012-04-18 河南许丰种业有限公司 High-yield cultivation method of summer maize
CN102763550A (en) * 2012-07-12 2012-11-07 山东登海种业股份有限公司 High-yield summer corn cultivation method
US20120291153A1 (en) * 2011-05-13 2012-11-15 Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc. Sweet corn hybrid sey6rh1264 and parents thereof
CN102805003A (en) * 2012-09-06 2012-12-05 姜雯 Method for planting summer corn to improve yield
CN103053314A (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-04-24 山东天泰种业有限公司 High-oil corn high-yield cultivation method

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US20120291153A1 (en) * 2011-05-13 2012-11-15 Seminis Vegetable Seeds, Inc. Sweet corn hybrid sey6rh1264 and parents thereof
CN102415259A (en) * 2011-10-12 2012-04-18 河南许丰种业有限公司 High-yield cultivation method of summer maize
CN102763550A (en) * 2012-07-12 2012-11-07 山东登海种业股份有限公司 High-yield summer corn cultivation method
CN102805003A (en) * 2012-09-06 2012-12-05 姜雯 Method for planting summer corn to improve yield
CN103053314A (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-04-24 山东天泰种业有限公司 High-oil corn high-yield cultivation method

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104081968A (en) * 2014-06-18 2014-10-08 安徽华箔箔业科技有限公司 Seedling stage management method for summer maize
CN104584814A (en) * 2014-12-29 2015-05-06 山西省农业科学院小麦研究所 Balanced fertilization method under condition of wheat/corn one-year-two-harvest cultivation total straw returning
CN104584814B (en) * 2014-12-29 2017-06-23 山西省农业科学院小麦研究所 Balanced fertilizing method under wheat/corn two crops a year returning total stalks into fields
CN104855078A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-08-26 王和绥 Ear period management method of corns in middle regions of Anhui Province, China
CN105052459A (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-11-18 李新华 Corn plantation method
CN106508389A (en) * 2016-10-29 2017-03-22 德州市农业科学研究院 High-yield simple and labor saving type maize cultivation technology
CN107172992A (en) * 2017-05-15 2017-09-19 杨亚勇 A kind of corn planting method
CN107027507A (en) * 2017-06-05 2017-08-11 高瑞杰 No-tillage Sequential Cropping Silage Maize cultural method after wheat under condition of drip irrigation

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