CN103593689A - Intelligent tracking collaborative system for RFID logistics supply chain - Google Patents

Intelligent tracking collaborative system for RFID logistics supply chain Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103593689A
CN103593689A CN 201310606189 CN201310606189A CN103593689A CN 103593689 A CN103593689 A CN 103593689A CN 201310606189 CN201310606189 CN 201310606189 CN 201310606189 A CN201310606189 A CN 201310606189A CN 103593689 A CN103593689 A CN 103593689A
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rfid
supply
system
tracking
information
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CN 201310606189
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Chinese (zh)
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王静
马荣全
王桂玲
苗冬梅
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中国建筑第八工程局有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent tracking collaborative system for an RFID logistics supply chain. The intelligent tracking collaborative system for the RFID logistics supply chain comprises RFID labels, an RFID reader and a management system. The RFID labels are attached to traced logistic goods, and comprise Wifi/GPS chips inside. The RFID reader reads the label information of the RFID labels, and the label information of the RFID labels comprises data information of the logistic goods and Wifi/GPS locating information. The management system maintains network connection with the RFID reader and receives the label information, read by the RFID reader, of the RFID labels. The intelligent tracking collaborative system for the RFID logistics supply chain combines the RFID technology, the GPS technology and the Wifi technology, and combines the existing communication technology to achieve the all-weather and all space and time intelligent tracking collaboration for logistics supply chains, and achieves connection, smoothness and globalized management of enterprise supply chains.

Description

用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统 Logistics and supply chain traceability intelligent cooperative system for RFID

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种用于物流供应链仓储和运输单元的物流追溯可视系统,特别涉及一种用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to a method for storage and logistic supply chain logistics transport unit traceability visual system, particularly to logistics and supply chain traceability intelligent RFID system for a cooperative.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] RFID (Radio Frequency Identification)射频识别技术的出现使得包括电子信息产业在内的国民经济各行业在生产过程管理、物流管理、物流运输和分销零售等多个领域的效率大大提高。 [0002] appear RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) RFID technology enables the national economy industries including electronic information industry, including efficiency in many areas of the production process management, logistics management, logistics, transport and retail distributors greatly increased. RFID最终有可能取代无处不在的条形码而成为未来物流管理领域的主流技术。 RFID may eventually replace the ubiquitous bar code and become a mainstream technology in the field of logistics management in the future. 与目前广泛应用的条形码技术相比,RFID电子标签除了可以省去人工操作,还具有防水、防磁、耐高温、使用寿命长、读取距离大等优势。 Compared with the widely used bar code technology, RFID tag can be omitted in addition to manual operation, also has a waterproof, anti-magnetic, high temperature, long life, large read range and other advantages. 另外,由于电子标签上的数据可以加密,存储数据容量大,而且存储信息可以更改,因而它比条形码的应用范围更广泛,使用起来也更方便。 Further, since the electronic tag data can be encrypted, data storage capacity, and storing information can be changed, so that a wider range of applications than barcodes, to use more convenient. RFID的普及和应用将为零售和物流等产业带来革命性的变化。 Popularization and application for RFID retail and logistics and other industries to bring revolutionary change.

[0003] 在物流供应链(SCM)管理中,RFID电子标签可用于整个供应链过程的物料和产品追溯。 [0003] In the logistic supply chain (SCM) management, RFID Transponder may be used to process the entire supply chain traceability of products and materials. 从供应商供货到生产、仓储、配送、运输和销售。 Available from suppliers to production, warehousing, distribution, transportation and marketing. 生产企业,在制造单元(如车间),要求确保有序和正确的生产流程;在仓储单元,要求原材料和产品(半成品和成品)准确地分类和放置。 Production enterprises, the manufacturing unit (such as workshops), required to ensure the orderly and correct manufacturing processes; the storage unit, requires raw materials and products (semi-finished and finished products) accurate classification and placement. 为了确保产品质量,原材料、半成品要经过加工、包装、标记、放置和保存在仓库,并且经过车间的制造环节,生产出成品,然后返回仓储。 In order to ensure the quality of products, raw materials, semi-finished products go through processing, packaging, labeling, placement and stored in the warehouse, and manufacturing sectors through workshops, produce a finished product, and then return to storage. 在每一个流程,要求将标签附着在物料的生产和储放单元上,以避免产品信息丢失而发生错误。 In each process, it requires the label adhered to the material production unit and store, in order to avoid loss of product information and an error occurs.

[0004] 但是,由于物流作业空间十分广阔,或者像物流运输单元那样,远离基地,工作环境封闭,这给绝大多数传统的RFID方案造成了应用上的障碍。 [0004] However, due to the operation of the logistics space is very broad, like logistics or transport unit as far away from the base, closed working environment, which gives the vast majority of traditional RFID solutions creating a barrier on the application. 开发一套可实时提供货物和设备位置的RFID阅读器基础设施过于昂贵,且要求在作业区域安装天线。 Develop a set of goods and equipment to provide real-time location RFID reader infrastructure is too expensive, and requires the installation of antennas in the work area. 所以如何对整个物流供应链的广泛区域内做到全方位的信息追溯,是本领域一直都无法解决的难题。 So how do the full range of information over a wide area of ​​traceability throughout the logistics supply chain, the art has been unable to resolve the problem.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 有鉴于上述问题,本发明的目的在于,提供符合现代物流供应链要求和发展的全时域、全空域、全天候的用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统。 [0005] In view of the above problems, an object of the present invention is to provide a full-time domain meet the requirements of modern logistics and supply chain development, all airspace, weather for RFID intelligent logistic supply chain traceability of cooperative systems.

[0006] 为此,本发明用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统,包括: [0006] To this end, the present invention logistics and supply chain traceability intelligent RFID system for a cooperative, comprising:

[0007] RFID标签,贴附在被追踪的物流货物上,所述RFID标签内包括Wifi/GPS芯片; [0007] RFID tag, attached to the stream of goods to be tracked, comprising Wifi / GPS chip within the RFID tag;

[0008] RFID阅读器,读取所述RFID标签的标签信息,所述RFID标签的标签信息包括物流货物的数据信息以及Wifi/GPS的定位信息; [0008] RFID reader to read the tag information of the RFID tag, the tag information of the RFID tag includes information of data stream location information of goods and Wifi / GPS of;

[0009] 管理系统,与所述RFID阅读器保持网络连接,接收所述RFID阅读器读取到的RFID标签的标签信息。 [0009] management system to maintain a network connection with the RFID reader receiving tag information to the RFID reader reads an RFID tag.

[0010] 本发明用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统,在RFID标签内加入了Wifi/GPS芯片,将RFID技术与Wifi/GPS技术相结合,通过接收物流货物附近的Wifi接入点的信号可以定位出物流货物的位置,在Wifi接入点分布稀少的边远地区,则通过GPS来定位物流货物的位置,能够满足在广阔的区域内均能定位出物流货物的位置。 [0010] The present invention is used for RFID intelligent logistic supply chain traceability cooperative system, adding Wifi / GPS chip in the RFID tag, the RFID technology is combined with Wifi / GPS technology, by receiving a stream near the cargo Wifi access point the position signal can be positioned in the stream of goods, Wifi access point in the remote areas sparse distribution, the stream to locate the position of the cargo, can be satisfied within a wide area can locate the position of the stream of goods by GPS. RFID阅读器将读取到的RFID标签信息发送到管理系统,则用户在管理系统上就可以查询到所有的RFID标签信息。 Transmitting to the RFID reader to read RFID tag information to the management system, the user can query the system to manage all of the RFID tag information.

[0011] 本发明用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统的进一步改进在于,所述管理系统包括: [0011] Further improved logistics and supply chain traceability intelligent cooperative system of the invention is that for RFID, the management system comprising:

[0012] 数据库服务器,与所述RFID阅读器保持网络连接,接收所述RFID阅读器读取到的RFID标签的标签信息; [0012] Database servers, network connection with the holding RFID reader receives the tag information to the RFID reader reads an RFID tag;

[0013] 客户端服务器,与所述数据库服务器保持网络连接,用于查询所述RFID标签的标 [0013] The client server, the database server holding network connections for querying the RFID tag standard

签信息。 Sign information.

[0014] 本发明用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统的进一步改进在于,所述客户端服务器包括一控制模块,与所述RFID阅读器保持网络连接,用于控制所述RFID阅读器读取所述RFID标签的标签信息。 [0014] The present invention further improve the logistics supply chain for RFID intelligent cooperative traceability system that the client server comprising a control module, to maintain a network connection with the RFID reader, the RFID reader for controlling reading tag information of the RFID tag.

[0015] 通过上述技术方案,本发明用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统,RFID阅读器将读取到的RFID标签信息发送到数据库服务器,则用户在客户端服务器上就可以查询到所有的RFID标签信息。 Transmitting [0015] Through the above technical solution, the present invention is used for RFID intelligent logistic supply chain traceability cooperative system, the RFID reader to read RFID tag information to the database server, the user on the client can query the server All RFID tag information. 并且,用户还可以根据需要通过客户端服务器向RFID阅读器发出指令,随时读取以及更新RFID标签信息。 Also, the user may also be necessary to issue commands to the RFID reader through the client server, and updating the read RFID tag information at any time. 用户也可以对RFID阅读器远程设置定时上报的功能,RFID阅读器能够按照预先的设定,在物流货物到达指定的GPS信息点或者固定的Wifi区域时,实时激发短信提醒和邮件提醒功能,将RFID标签信息实时传递给用户。 When the user can remotely located RFID reader reported by the timing function, the RFID reader is able to follow a pre-set in the stream reaches the specified goods or fixed point GPS information Wifi area, real-time alert messages and e-mail alert excitation function, RFID tag information in real time to the user.

[0016] 本发明用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统的进一步改进在于,每个所述RFID标签单独连接有一便携式阅读器,所述管理系统通过一RFID中间服务器与各所述便携式阅读器保持网络连接。 [0016] The present invention further improve the logistics supply chain for RFID intelligent cooperative traceability system is that each of the individual RFID tag is connected to a portable reader, the RFID management system through an intermediate server and each of said portable reading network connection is maintained.

[0017] 通过上述技术方案,本发明用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统,可以通过RFID中间服务器使来自不同供应商的异构RFID便携式阅读器兼容,并使应用独立于特定的硬件和语言环境,易于统一管理。 Logistics and supply chain traceability intelligent cooperative system [0017] Through the above technical solution, the present invention is used for RFID, the isomers can be made portable RFID reader from different vendors by the intermediate server is compatible RFID, and application-specific hardware independent and locale, easy to unified management.

[0018] 本发明用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统的进一步改进在于,所述RFID标签内还包括移动感应器。 [0018] Further improved logistics and supply chain traceability intelligent RFID system for a cooperative present invention is that, within the RFID tag further comprises a motion sensor.

[0019] 通过上述技术方案,本发明用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统,当移动感应器感应到物流货物静止时,信号的发送频率会比移动时要低,提高了数据采集的效率以及节约了成本。 [0019] Through the above technical solution, the present invention is used for RFID intelligent logistic supply chain traceability cooperative system, when the sensor senses movement of goods still stream, the transmission frequency of the signal will be lower than when moving, improved data collection efficiency and cost savings.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0020] 图1是本发明用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统的结构框架示意图。 [0020] FIG. 1 is a schematic structural frame intelligent logistic supply chain traceability collaboration system of the present invention is used for RFID.

[0021] 图2是本发明用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统的第一种优选结构的框架示意图。 [0021] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a first frame structure of the present invention is preferably used for RFID intelligent logistic supply chain traceability cooperative system.

[0022] 图3是本发明用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统的第二种优选结构的框架示意图。 [0022] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a second preferred structure of the frame of the present invention is used for RFID logistics supply chain traceability intelligent cooperative system.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0023] 为了使本发明的目的、技术方案及优点更加清楚明白,以下结合附图及实施例,对本发明进行进一步详细说明。 [0023] To make the objectives, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent hereinafter in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail. 应当理解,此处所描述的具体实施例仅用以解释本发明,并不用于限定本发明。 It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely used to explain the present invention and are not intended to limit the present invention.

[0024] 配合参看图1所示,本发明用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统,包括: [0024] with reference to FIG. 1, the present invention is used for RFID intelligent logistic supply chain traceability collaboration system, comprising:

[0025] RFID标签10,贴附在被追踪的物流货物上,所述RFID标签10内包括Wif i/GPS芯片110 ; [0025] RFID tag 10, attached to the stream of goods being traced, the RFID tag 10 comprises inner Wif i / GPS chip 110;

[0026] RFID阅读器20,读取所述RFID标签10的标签信息,所述RFID标签10的标签信息包括物流货物的数据信息以及Wifi/GPS的定位信息; [0026] RFID reader 20 reads the tag information of the RFID tag 10, the tag information of the RFID tag 10 includes location information data stream information on goods and the Wifi / GPS of;

[0027] 管理系统30,配合参看图2所示,管理系统30包括: [0027] management system 30, with reference to FIG., The management system 230 comprises:

[0028] 数据库服务器310,与所述RFID阅读器20保持网络连接,接收所述RFID阅读器20读取到的RFID标签10的标签信息; [0028] The database server 310, to maintain a network connection with the RFID reader 20, RFID reader 20 receives the read tag information of the RFID tag 10;

[0029] 客户端服务器320,与所述数据库服务器310保持网络连接,用于查询所述RFID标签10的标签信息,所述客户端服务器320进一步包括一控制模块321,与所述RFID阅读器20保持网络连接,用于控制所述RFID阅读器20读取所述RFID标签10的标签信息。 [0029] The client server 320, the database server 310 to maintain a network connection for querying the tag information of the RFID tag 10, the client server 320 further comprises a control module 321, the RFID reader 20 stay connected for controlling the RFID tag reader 20 reads the information of the RFID tag 10.

[0030] 通过上述技术方案,本发明用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统,在RFID标签10内加入了Wifi/GPS芯片110,将RFID技术与Wifi/GPS技术相结合,通过接收物流货物附近的Wifi接入点的信号可以定位出物流货物的位置,在Wifi接入点分布稀少的边远地区,则通过GPS来定位物流货物的位置,能够满足在广阔的区域内均能定位出物流货物的位置。 Logistics and supply chain traceability intelligent cooperative system [0030] Through the above technical solution, the present invention is used for the RFID, the RFID tag 10 is added in the Wifi / GPS chip 110, the RFID technology and Wifi / GPS technology, by receiving the stream signal Wifi access point may be positioned in the vicinity of the position of goods logistics of goods, in rare Wifi access point distribution in remote areas, to locate the position of the stream of goods by GPS, can be satisfied within a wide area can locate stream location of the goods. RFID阅读器20将读取到的RFID标签10的标签信息发送到管理系统30的数据库服务器310,则用户在管理系统30的客户端服务器320上就可以查询到所有的RFID标签10的标签信息。 RFID reader 20 reads the tag information to the RFID tag 10 transmits to the management server 30 of the system database 310, the user management system on the client 30 server 320 can query all the tag information to the RFID tag 10.

[0031] 进一步的,用户还可以根据需要通过客户端服务器320的控制模块321向RFID阅读器20发出指令,随时读取以及更新RFID标签10的标签信息。 Requires 321 issued [0031] Further, the user can through the client server control module 320 to command the RFID reader 20, and read at any time to update the tag information of the RFID tag 10. 用户也可以对RFID阅读器20远程设置定时上报的功能,RFID阅读器20能够按照预先的设定,在物流货物到达指定的GPS信息点或者固定的Wifi区域时,实时激发短信提醒和邮件提醒功能,将RFID标签 When the user can remotely located RFID reader 20 reports the timing function, the RFID reader 20 can be set in advance in accordance with, the stream reaches the specified goods or fixed point GPS information Wifi area, real-time alert messages and e-mail alert excitation function the RFID tag

10的标签信息实时传递给用户。 10 tag information in real time to the user. 更进一步的,本发明用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统的RFID标签10内还包括一移动感应器,当移动感应器感应到物流货物静止时,信号的发送频率会比移动时要低,可以提高数据采集的效率以及节约成本。 Further, the RFID tag intelligent logistic supply chain traceability system of the invention for collaborative RFID 10 further comprises a motion sensor, when the sensor senses movement of goods still stream, the transmission frequency of the signal to be compared will be moved low efficiency of data collection can be improved and cost savings.

[0032] 配合参看图3所示,本发明的另一种优选结构中,所述RFID阅读器20根据各RFID标签10进行单独设置,每个RFID标签10单独连接有一便携式阅读器21,所述管理系统30的数据库服务器310通过一RFID中间服务器40与各所述便携式阅读器21保持网络连接。 [0032] with reference to FIG. 3, another preferred construction of the invention, the RFID reader 20 is provided separately according to each RFID tag 10, the RFID tag 10 each individually connected with a portable reader 21, the database server 310 of the management system 30 each of 40 of the portable reader are connected by a network 21 held RFID intermediate server. 通过RFID中间服务器40可以使来自不同供应商的异构RFID便携式阅读器兼容,并使应用独立于特定的硬件和语言环境,易于统一管理。 By the middle of RFID enables heterogeneous server 40 portable RFID readers from different vendors are compatible, and applications are independent of specific hardware and locale, easy to unified management.

[0033] 以下通过实施例对本发明做具体的说明: [0033] The following specific description made by way of example of the present invention:

[0034] 1.1、用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统的体系结构 [0034] 1.1, architecture, logistics and supply chain traceability intelligent RFID system for a cooperative of

[0035] RFID可追溯和可视化具体物料,能实现物流和信息流的关联和同步。 [0035] RFID traceability and visualization of specific materials, and to achieve synchronization associated logistics and information flow. 要追溯标签和用标签所粘贴的对象,就必须记录物料的流通历史。 To trace objects pasted labels and label, it must record the history of the flow of materials. 本发明的系统利用标签的剩余内存,对64、96或256位的电子产品码(EPC)不能包含的可追溯和可视化信息进行实时存储和更新。 The system of the present invention with the remaining tag memory, for 64, 96 or 256-bit Electronic Product Code (EPC) is stored and updated in real time can not contain traceability and visual information. 为此客户需要设计三个表格,分别是标签、物流追溯、作业可视的表格。 For this reason customers need to design three forms, namely, labels, logistics and traceability, job visual form. 这些表格用于记录物料的流通历史与现状。 The form is used to record the flow history and current status of materials.

[0036] 本发明用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统的硬件包括内含Wifi/GPS功能的RFID标签、固定的RFID阅读器、便携式阅读器、分布在不同地方的工作站、固定的一系列客户端服务器、RFID中间服务器、Web服务器和数据库服务器。 Hardware Collaborative logistics and supply chain traceability intelligent RFID system of the present invention for the [0036] present an RFID tag containing Wifi / GPS function, fixed RFID readers, portable reader, workstations located in different places, a fixed series of client-server, RFID intermediate servers, Web servers and database servers.

[0037] 本发明用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统的软件包括六个功能单元:原材料和半成品加工子系统;仓库监控子系统;物料追溯可视管理系统子系统;系统管理子系统;物料单位与物流单元Wifi定位子系统;物流运输单元GPS定位导航系统。 [0037] The present invention is intelligent logistic supply chain traceability collaborative system software for RFID includes six functional units: raw materials and semifinished products subsystem; warehouse monitoring subsystem; visual material traceability management subsystem; system management subsystem ; material unit cell stream and Wifi positioning subsystem; stream transport means GPS navigation system.

[0038] 其中,应用程序直接与硬件设备连接进行通信。 [0038] wherein the application is connected directly with the hardware devices to communicate. 为了确保系统的稳定性,可以设计另外的应用程序连接RFID阅读器与客户端服务器的各应用程序,作为如果RFID中间服务器失败的备用解决方案。 In order to ensure stability of the system, further applications can be designed to connect the RFID reader application server and the client, as a backup solution if the RFID intermediate failed server. 但需要调用本地动态链接库。 But you need to call the local dynamic link library. 应用程序与RFID阅读器之间的通信。 Communication between applications and the RFID reader. 由于工作频率不同,有四种类型的设备。 Due to different operating frequencies, there are four types of equipment. 在物料种类繁杂、工作环境比较复杂的物流企业,考虑到处理速度和频谱允许的范围,根据物流作业的要求需要灵活选用。 In the complex type of material, the working environment is more complex logistics enterprises, taking into account the processing speed and spectrum allows, according to the requirements of logistics operations need to be flexible to use.

[0039] 在物流单元中,可选择固定式RFID阅读器模块,如德州仪器(TI)产的S6500远距离RFID阅读器模块,它可以满足所有的射频和数字功能要求,能与各种供应商供应的Tag-1tTMHF, Tag-1tTMHF-1 (国际标准化组织15693标准)和所有其他的IS015693标准进行通信。 [0039] unit in the stream, the selectable fixed RFID reader module, such as the Texas Instruments (TI) produced long-range RFID reader module S6500, which meet all requirements of RF and digital functions, and can be a variety of vendors supply of Tag-1tTMHF, Tag-1tTMHF-1 (ISO 15693 standard) to communicate and all other IS015693 standards.

[0040] 客户可以使用两种方法与阅读器通信。 [0040] The client can use two methods to communicate with the reader. 一种是客户端计算机上带有S6500远距离RFID阅读器的应用软件通过连接本地动态链接库来通信。 One is the application software with an RFID reader S6500 remote client computer via a communication connection to a local dynamic link library. S6500远距离RFID阅读器提供程序库feisc.dll 和fecom.dll。 Providing long-range RFID reader S6500 libraries feisc.dll and fecom.dll. 动态链接库文件fecom.dll 和feisc.dll 用Microsoft基础类写。 Dynamic link library files fecom.dll and feisc.dll written in Microsoft Foundation Classes.

[0041] 另一种是通过RFID中间服务器来连接便携式阅读器和客户端应用程序。 [0041] and the other is connected to a portable reader and RFID client application by the intermediate server. 根据上述动态链接库文件fecom.dll和feisc.dll的类型,使用Java,采用调用本地链接库的方法,用Visual C++并依据Java本地接口(JNI)的标准设计RFID中间服务器。 According to the above-mentioned type of dynamic link library file fecom.dll and feisc.dll using Java, the method call the local link library, using Visual C ++ and based on the Java Native Interface (JNI) standard design RFID intermediate server. RFID中间服务器包括三个部分:阅读界面组件,事件管理组件应用程序管理。 RFID intermediate server comprises three parts: reading interface components, the application management event management component. 便携式RFID阅读器的应用需通过RFID中间服务器,它可以支持分布式的网络应用。 Application of a portable RFID reader for an RFID via an intermediate server that supports distributed network applications. 它使来自不同供应商的异构RFID阅读器兼容,并使应用独立于特定的硬件和语言环境。 It enables heterogeneous RFID readers from different vendors are compatible, and applications are independent of specific hardware and locale. 便携式RFID阅读器可以阅读和查阅存储在RFID标签上的信息。 The portable RFID reader can read the information on the RFID tag and the access to storage. RFID阅读器是由RFID读写器模块和智能终端构成的。 The RFID reader is a RFID reader module and the configuration of the intelligent terminal. 他们通过RS232或其他接口来连接。 They are connected via RS232 or other interfaces.

[0042] RFID智能终端的智能设备包括三个部分:RFID数据信息采集单元、数据承载单元和信息传递单元。 [0042] RFID smart terminal smart device consists of three parts: RFID data acquisition unit, and a data information transmission unit carrying unit. 通过这三个单元,将智能设备整合在RFID智能终端上。 Through these three units, the intelligent device on the RFID integrated intelligent terminal. 其中可以选择的平台包括Windows Mobile, Windows Pocket PC (windows CE), Android OS, Linux OS。 Where you can select the platform, including Windows Mobile, Windows Pocket PC (windows CE), Android OS, Linux OS. 智能设备将按照系统管理中心提供的数据指令,完成数据的采集和实时更新。 Smart devices in accordance with the instruction data center management system provides complete data acquisition and real-time updates.

[0043] 数据信息采集单元的操作系统和硬件配置,可以选择Windows Mo-bile, CE,Linux, Android以及symbian系统。 [0043] operating system and the hardware configuration data acquisition unit can select Windows Mo-bile, CE, Linux, Android and symbian system. 可以选择的硬件供应商包括:T1、Qualcomm、Freescale、Samsung、MTK、Broad_com、Marvel and Intel。 You can choose hardware suppliers include: T1, Qualcomm, Freescale, Samsung, MTK, Broad_com, Marvel and Intel. 目前,这些智能的终端设备很容易在市场中找到,只需要将系统中标准的C和C++源码或者RFID的使用套件以及接口开发给这些硬件设备即可。 Currently, these smart terminal equipment is easy to find in the market, just to system standard C and C ++ source code or RFID use interface development kit and hardware for these devices can be.

[0044] 数据承载单元包括目前国内市场使用的主流通信单元,包括GSM、WCDMA, CDMA, TD技术,以及Wifi技术。 [0044] The carrier unit includes a mainstream data communication unit using the domestic market, including GSM, WCDMA, CDMA, TD technology and Wifi technology. 这些技术可以为智能终端设备提供实时的数据交换环境,可以做到需要的时候调用相应的数据通信单元。 These techniques can provide real-time data exchange environment intelligent terminal equipment, it can be done when necessary to call the corresponding data communication unit.

[0045] 信息传递单元负责标识硬件设备的相关信息。 [0045] The identification information transmission unit is responsible for hardware information. 智能终端负责维护所在位置的RFID信息的收集和处理。 RFID information collection and processing of intelligent terminals responsible for maintaining location. 由于有操作系统的介入,数据终端负责所有任务的协调和上报。 Because of the intervention of the operating system, data terminals and is responsible for coordinating all reporting tasks.

[0046] 1.2、Wifi/GPS 功能 [0046] 1.2, Wifi / GPS function

[0047] 通过软件可以让用户根据多个标准802.1lffifi接入点接收标签信号的强弱来定位贴标物品,当标签距离太远时,它的信号无法被至少三个Wifi接入点收到时,标签内嵌的GPS接收器可判断其经纬度,接着通过Wifi信号发送数据。 [0047] software allows users to locate a plurality of tagged items according to the strength criteria 802.1lffifi access point receives the tag signal, when the label is too far away, its signal can not be received at least three access points Wifi when, tag embedded GPS receiver can determine its latitude and longitude, then Wifi signal transmitted data. 当在GPS或Wifi模式下工作时,标签可以被定位到5〜IOm内。 When operating in the GPS mode or Wifi, the label may be positioned within 5~IOm. 然而,GPS并不能在所有环境下工作。 However, GPS does not work in all environments. 有些物流单元是封闭的,无法接收卫星发射。 Some logistic unit is closed, can not receive the satellite launch. 各个物流单元需要一定数量的Wifi接入点,该网络可以接收物流单元内任何位置标签发出的信号。 Each unit requires a certain amount of stream Wifi access point, the network may receive signals anywhere within the stream emitted tag unit.

[0048] 当接收到作业任务时,用户通过相应的软件展示这个物流单元的平面图,图上图标指示物品位置。 [0048] When receiving the job task, the user through a corresponding plan view showing the logistics software unit, the icon indicates the item position FIG. 系统也可以按选定的分类,搜寻所有的设备。 The system can also be classified according to the selected search all devices.

[0049] 标签以设定的间隔发送ID码和GPS数据。 [0049] The tab at set intervals and transmits the ID code GPS data. 由于标签内嵌有移动感应器,当设备静止时,信号的发送频率会比移动要低。 Since the tag embedded motion sensors, when the device is stationary, the transmission frequency of the signal will be lower than move.

[0050] 1.3、用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统可实现的功能 [0050] 1.3, logistics and supply chain traceability intelligent RFID system for a cooperative function may be implemented

[0051] (I)查询服务。 [0051] (I) inquiry service. 在公司提供的网络平台上,可给普通客户查询的功能,包括物流状态(发货、物流起始地点等传统信息)。 The network platform provided by the company, can function to the general customer inquiries, including (traditional information delivery, logistics starting location, etc.) Logistics state.

[0052] (2)追溯功能。 [0052] (2) traceability. 其中对于固定伙伴客户或大客户,增加GPS位置信息的上报,可以让客户随时了解货物的位置。 Where the customer or partner for fixed large customers, increase reporting GPS location information, allowing customers to keep abreast of the position of the goods. (当系统发出指令后,智能设备会把RFID信息以及Wif1、GPS定位信息传递给公司平台。) (When the system issues a command, information and RFID smart device will Wif1, GPS location information is transmitted to the company internet.)

[0053] (3)定时上报的功能。 [0053] (3) regularly report function. 设备能够按照系统预先的设定,在货物到达指定GPS信息点或者固定的Wifi区域时,实时激发短信提醒和邮件提醒功能。 The system equipment can be set in advance, when the goods arrived at the designated point or fixed GPS information Wifi area, to stimulate real-time SMS alerts and e-mail alerts. 将预订的信息实时传递给预约的客户。 The real-time information is passed to the appointment booking customers.

[0054] (4)拓展功能。 [0054] (4) expansion capabilities. 设备可以整合目前物流公司的系统平台,将用户终端界面延伸到智能设备上。 Device may integrate its logistics system platform, the user terminal interface extends to the smart device. 操作者可以通过权限,管理和更新公司的物流数据。 The operator can by rights, manage and update the company's logistics data. 拓展功能包括:对于专业客户,提供继续智能终端的高层次开发,包括数据采集、数据更新、路况服务、视频服务等。 Expansion features include: For professional customers, continue to provide high-level development of intelligent terminals, including data collection, data updates, traffic services, video services.

[0055] 以上所述仅是本发明的较佳实施例而已,并非对本发明做任何形式上的限制,虽然本发明已以较佳实施例揭露如上,然而并非用以限定本发明,任何熟悉本专业的技术人员,在不脱离本发明技术方案的范围内,当可利用上述揭示的技术内容作出些许更动或修饰为等同变化的等效实施例,但凡是未脱离本发明技术方案的内容,依据本发明的技术实质对以上实施例所作的任何简单修改、等同变化与修饰,均仍属于本发明技术方案的范围内。 [0055] The above are only preferred embodiments of the present invention only, do not form any limitation of the present invention, although the invention has been disclosed above by the preferred embodiments, but not intended to limit the present invention, any skilled skilled in the art, without departing from the technical scope of the present invention, when some minor modifications may be made using the techniques disclosed content equivalent embodiments or equivalent modifications to change, but all without departing from the technical solutions of the present invention, any simple modifications based on the technical essence of the present invention is made to the above embodiment of the embodiment, the equivalent changes and modifications, provided they fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

  1. 1.一种用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统,其特征在于包括: RFID标签,贴附在被追踪的物流货物上,所述RFID标签内包括Wifi/GPS芯片; RFID阅读器,读取所述RFID标签的标签信息,所述RFID标签的标签信息包括物流货物的数据信息以及Wifi/GPS的定位信息; 管理系统,与所述RFID阅读器保持网络连接,接收所述RFID阅读器读取到的RFID标签的标签信息。 1. An RFID intelligent logistic supply chain traceability system for collaboration, comprising: an RFID tag, attached to the stream of goods to be tracked, comprising Wifi / GPS chip within the RFID tag; RFID reader, reading the tag information of the RFID tag, the tag information of the RFID tag includes information of data stream location information of goods and Wifi / GPS; a management system to maintain a network connection with the RFID reader, the RFID reader receives read the tag information of the RFID tag.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统,其特征在于所述管理系统包括: 数据库服务器,与所述RFID阅读器保持网络连接,接收所述RFID阅读器读取到的RFID标签的标签信息; 客户端服务器,与所述数据库服务器保持网络连接,用于查询所述RFID标签的标签信肩、O 2. The logistics and supply chain traceability intelligent RFID system for a cooperative according to claim 1, characterized in that said management system comprising: a database server connected to a network to maintain the RFID reader, the RFID reader receives read the tag information of the RFID tag; client server, the database server holding network connection, a shoulder for the query letter tags of the RFID tag, O
  3. 3.如权利要求2所述的用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统,其特征在于所述客户端服务器包括一控制模块,与所述RFID阅读器保持网络连接,用于控制所述RFID阅读器读取所述RFID标签的标签信息。 3. The logistics and supply chain traceability intelligent RFID system for a cooperative according to claim 2, wherein the client server includes a control module to maintain a network connection with the RFID reader, for controlling the RFID reader reads tag information of the RFID tag.
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述的用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统,其特征在于每个所述RFID标签单独连接有一便携式阅读器,所述管理系统通过一RFID中间服务器与各所述便携式阅读器保持网络连接。 4. The logistics and supply chain traceability intelligent RFID system for a cooperative according to claim 1, wherein each of said RFID tag is connected to a separate portable reader, the management system via a mediation server with the RFID said portable reader maintain the network connection.
  5. 5.如权利要求1至4中任一项所述的用于RFID的物流供应链智能化追溯协同系统,其特征在于所述RFID标签内还包括移动感应器。 5. The logistics and supply chain traceability intelligent RFID system for a cooperative to any one of any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein said RFID tag further comprises a motion sensor.
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