CN103589441B - Improved energy-saving continuous gasification cracking furnace - Google Patents

Improved energy-saving continuous gasification cracking furnace Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103589441B
CN103589441B CN201310608236.9A CN201310608236A CN103589441B CN 103589441 B CN103589441 B CN 103589441B CN 201310608236 A CN201310608236 A CN 201310608236A CN 103589441 B CN103589441 B CN 103589441B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
heater
tubular
cylinder
hot blast
slag
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310608236.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103589441A (en
Inventor
刘国田
胡明恩
李振衡
Original Assignee
潍坊金丝达环境工程股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 潍坊金丝达环境工程股份有限公司 filed Critical 潍坊金丝达环境工程股份有限公司
Priority to CN201310608236.9A priority Critical patent/CN103589441B/en
Publication of CN103589441A publication Critical patent/CN103589441A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103589441B publication Critical patent/CN103589441B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses an improved energy-saving continuous gasification cracking furnace, comprising a base, a kiln shell and a barrel furnace body, wherein the barrel furnace body is rotationally and tipsily arranged; an inner heating cylinder is arranged inside an inner cavity of the barrel furnace body. Heat or a flame continuously enters inside the inner heating cylinder through a heating tube bank because of providing of the inner heating cylinder in the rotating process of the barrel furnace body when the heating tube bank rotates to the opening and towards a barrel furnace body heating device; the energy required for gasification pyrolysis is transferred to a cracked object from the internal part of the barrel furnace body, so that the cracking efficiency is improved by over 80%; a cracking energy source is saved; the cracking cost is also reduced. Furthermore, a material channel of the barrel furnace body is changed into an annular shape by the inner heating cylinder, so that blocking of the barrel furnace body caused by clustering of the cracked object is avoided; the reaction area is increased; the gasification pyrolysis reaction is uniform and sufficient.

Description

Improved energy-conservation continuous gasification pyrolyzer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of device that carries out scission reaction, relate in particular to a kind of by the equipment of cleavable thing continuous gasification and cracking.
Background technology
Applicant proposed number of patent application for the patent application that " 201310016317.X ", patent name are " plastics resource utilization continuous gasification cracking multiple-effect stove ", thoroughly solved the technical barrier that plastics etc. can not continuous gasification cracking.In experimentation, find this invention because tubular body of heater has certain thickness, the heat passing to from tubular body of heater in tubular body of heater while carrying out cracking has certain difficulty, reduced lysis efficiency, the cracking energy can not be fully utilized, and has therefore improved cracking cost.
For the cracking energy is made full use of, improve speed of response, it is the patent application that " 201310392970.6 ", patent name are " energy-conservation continuous gasification pyrolyzer " that applicant has proposed again application number, adopt the ultimate principle of " heating tube row ", the speed that adds fast response, has obtained certain technique effect.But find in experimentation, the heating of this invention can't meet the demand of the required cracking energy of reaction completely, and most of heat is still delivered on the reactant in tubular body of heater by the outer wall of tubular body of heater, heat transmission and assimilated efficiency are still not fully up to expectations.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of continuous gasification, continuous cracking and fully transmits the improved energy-conservation continuous gasification pyrolyzer of cracking heat energy.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical scheme of the present invention is: improved energy-conservation continuous gasification pyrolyzer, comprise pedestal, on described pedestal, be installed with kiln cylinder, in described kiln cylinder, be provided with the tubular body of heater outside described kiln cylinder through described kiln cylinder and two-end part, described tubular tilting furnace arranges, and riding wheel apparatus and body of heater rotating driving device are installed between described tubular body of heater and described pedestal; Between the two ends of described kiln cylinder and described tubular body of heater, be provided with dynamic sealing device; On described pedestal, be installed with the sealing charging air-out apparatus coordinating with described tubular body of heater upper end, between described sealing charging air-out apparatus and described tubular body of heater, be provided with dynamic sealing device; Described tubular body of heater lower end is provided with sealed deslagging device; Described kiln cylinder bottom corresponding to described tubular body of heater low side is provided with tubular body of heater heating unit, the high-end kiln cylinder smoke outlet that is provided with of described kiln cylinder; The burner hearth of described tubular body of heater heating unit and the inner chamber of described kiln cylinder are communicated with; Described tubular body of heater inner chamber is provided with interior heating cylindrical shell, described interior heating cylindrical shell is provided with and runs through described tubular body of heater and corresponding to the hot blast inlet pipe group of described tubular body of heater heating unit, and described interior heating cylindrical shell is provided with and runs through described tubular body of heater and corresponding to the hot blast escape pipe group of described kiln cylinder smoke outlet.
As preferred technical scheme, described hot blast inlet pipe group comprises at least three hot blast inlet pipe, described hot blast inlet pipe being projected as circumferentially on described interior heating cylindrical shell cross section is evenly arranged, and described hot blast inlet pipe is along described interior cartridge heater axon to screw arrangement.
As preferred technical scheme, described hot blast escape pipe group comprises at least three hot blast escape pipes, described hot blast escape pipe being projected as circumferentially on described interior heating cylindrical shell cross section is evenly arranged, and described hot blast escape pipe is along described interior cartridge heater axon to screw arrangement.
As preferred technical scheme, the inwall of the described kiln cylinder that described tubular body of heater between described hot blast inlet pipe group and described hot blast escape pipe group is corresponding is provided with hot blast unhurried current wall.
As preferred technical scheme, on the inwall of described tubular body of heater, be fixed with guide screw-blade.
As preferred technical scheme, described sealing charging air-out apparatus comprises the body of heater guide cylinder that is fixedly installed on described tubular body of heater upper end, the outer end of described body of heater guide cylinder is socketed with spiral conveyer housing, between described body of heater guide cylinder and described spiral conveyer housing, be provided with dynamic sealing device, described spiral conveyer housing is fixed on described pedestal, the top of described spiral conveyer housing is provided with hopper, the axis of described body of heater guide cylinder and described spiral conveyer housing is provided with and runs through described spiral conveyer housing and extend to the gas cylinder in described tubular body of heater, the periphery of described gas cylinder is fixed with the feeding packing auger coordinating with described body of heater guide cylinder and described spiral conveyer housing, the outer end of described gas cylinder is provided with plenum chamber, described gas cylinder is rotatably installed on described spiral conveyer housing and described plenum chamber, on described gas cylinder, be also provided with gas cylinder rotating driving device, gas cylinder deashing auger is installed in described gas cylinder, deashing drive unit is installed on described pedestal, described deashing drive unit is provided with the deashing screw-conveyer-shaft that runs through described plenum chamber, described deashing screw-conveyer-shaft is fixedly connected with described gas cylinder deashing auger, described plenum chamber is provided with the floating pipe sealing and connecting device being connected with gas pipe line, and described plenum chamber bottom is provided with ash output hole.
As the improvement to technique scheme, described feeding packing auger is provided with the charging choke auger section of auger periphery indent.
As the improvement to technique scheme, described floating pipe sealing and connecting device comprises the plenum chamber escape pipe that is fixedly installed on described plenum chamber top, described plenum chamber escape pipe is set with water seal gland outward, the upper end open of described water seal gland, in described water seal gland, be loaded with water, described plenum chamber escape pipe upper cover is buckled with gas skirt, and the opening of described gas skirt is positioned at below the liquid level of described water seal gland, and described gas skirt is fixedly connected with described gas pipe line.
As preferred technical scheme, described sealed deslagging device comprises that the body of heater that is fixedly installed on described tubular body of heater lower end leads slag cylinder, the tail end that described body of heater is led slag cylinder is connected with slag trapping box, described body of heater is led between slag cylinder and slag trapping box and is provided with dynamic sealing device, described slag trapping box is connected with water coolant plenum system, the bottom of described slag trapping box be provided with the water in described slag trapping box, drag for slag drag for slag auger, the top of described slag trapping box is connected with steam pneumatic tube; On described pedestal, the drive unit of slagging tap is installed, the described drive unit of slagging tap is connected with the screw-conveyer-shaft of slagging tap, the described screw-conveyer-shaft of slagging tap runs through described slag trapping box and deeply leads in slag cylinder to described body of heater, corresponding to described body of heater lead slag cylinder described in the screw-conveyer-shaft of slagging tap be provided with the auger of slagging tap.
As the improvement to technique scheme, described in the auger of slagging tap be provided with the choke auger section of slagging tap of auger periphery indent.
Owing to having adopted technique scheme, improved energy-conservation continuous gasification pyrolyzer, comprise pedestal, on described pedestal, be installed with kiln cylinder, in described kiln cylinder, be provided with the tubular body of heater outside described kiln cylinder through described kiln cylinder and two-end part, described tubular tilting furnace arranges, and riding wheel apparatus and body of heater rotating driving device are installed between described tubular body of heater and described pedestal; Between the two ends of described kiln cylinder and described tubular body of heater, be provided with dynamic sealing device; On described pedestal, be installed with the sealing charging air-out apparatus coordinating with described tubular body of heater upper end, between described sealing charging air-out apparatus and described tubular body of heater, be provided with dynamic sealing device; Described tubular body of heater lower end is provided with sealed deslagging device; Described kiln cylinder bottom corresponding to described tubular body of heater low side is provided with tubular body of heater heating unit, the high-end kiln cylinder smoke outlet that is provided with of described kiln cylinder; The burner hearth of described tubular body of heater heating unit and the inner chamber of described kiln cylinder are communicated with; Described tubular body of heater inner chamber is provided with interior heating cylindrical shell, described interior heating cylindrical shell is provided with and runs through described tubular body of heater and corresponding to the hot blast inlet pipe group of described tubular body of heater heating unit, and described interior heating cylindrical shell is provided with and runs through described tubular body of heater and corresponding to the hot blast escape pipe group of described kiln cylinder smoke outlet; The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: because the setting of described interior heating cylindrical shell, at tubular body of heater in rotary course, when heating tube group is rotated to opening during towards tubular body of heater heating unit, constantly there are heat or flame to enter in described interior heating cylindrical shell by heating tube group, the cleaved thing that gasification cracking institute energy requirement is given from tubular body of heater internal delivery, lysis efficiency improves more than 80%, has saved the cracking energy, has reduced cracking cost; And described interior heating cylindrical shell becomes the material channel of described tubular body of heater into annular, avoided cleaved thing agglomerating and stop up described tubular body of heater, improved reaction area, make gasification cracking reaction evenly fully.
Description of the invention provides for example with for the purpose of describing, and is not exhaustively or limit the invention to disclosed form.Many modifications and variations are obvious for the ordinary skill in the art.Selecting and describing embodiment is for better explanation principle of the present invention and practical application, thereby and makes those of ordinary skill in the art can understand the various embodiment with various modifications that the present invention's design is suitable for specific end use.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The following drawings is only intended to the present invention to schematically illustrate and explain, not delimit the scope of the invention.Wherein:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation one of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation two of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation three of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 be A-A in Fig. 3 to sectional view, there is shown the arrangement of five hot-air inlet pipes;
Fig. 5 is the principle of heating figure of embodiment of the present invention hot-air inlet pipe group and interior heating cylindrical shell;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of embodiment of the present invention sealing charging air-out apparatus;
Fig. 7 is embodiment of the present invention sealing charging air-out apparatus charging choke schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of embodiment of the present invention floating pipe sealing and connecting device;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of embodiment of the present invention sealed deslagging device;
In figure: 1-pedestal; 2-kiln cylinder; 21-kiln cylinder smoke outlet; 22-service hatch; 23-hot blast unhurried current wall; 3-tubular body of heater; 31-guide screw-blade; Heating cylindrical shell in 32-; 33-hot blast inlet pipe group; 34-hot blast escape pipe group; 35-air outlet temperature table; 41-support roller; 42-annular holder rail; 43-body of heater rotating driving device; 51-body of heater guide cylinder; 52-spiral conveyer housing; 53-hopper; 54-gas cylinder; 541-gas cylinder rotating driving device; 542-gas cylinder deashing auger; 543-deashing drive unit; 544-deashing screw-conveyer-shaft; 55-feeding packing auger; 551-charging choke auger section; 56-plenum chamber; 561-ash output hole; 562-plenum chamber escape pipe; 563-water seal gland; 564-gas skirt; 565-gas pipe line; 6-tubular body of heater heating unit; 71-body of heater is led slag cylinder; 711-tapping temperature table; 72-slag trapping box; 73-drags for slag auger; 74-steam pneumatic tube; The 75-drive unit of slagging tap; The 76-screw-conveyer-shaft of slagging tap; The 77-auger of slagging tap; The 771-choke auger section of slagging tap.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, further set forth the present invention.In the following detailed description, only by the mode of explanation, some one exemplary embodiment of the present invention has been described.Undoubtedly, those of ordinary skill in the art can recognize, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention in the situation that, can to described embodiment, revise by various mode.Therefore, accompanying drawing is illustrative with being described in essence, rather than for limiting the protection domain of claim.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, improved energy-conservation continuous gasification pyrolyzer, comprise pedestal 1, the described pedestal 1 of the present embodiment adopts metal solder rack construction, also can adopt concrete or other building structure, described pedestal 1 in the present embodiment has the mounting face of inclination, on described pedestal 1, be installed with kiln cylinder 2, described kiln cylinder 2 is provided with flame-proof thermal insulation material layer, in described kiln cylinder 2, be provided with the tubular body of heater 3 outside described kiln cylinder 2 through described kiln cylinder 2 and two-end part, described tubular body of heater 3 also tilts to install.In the present embodiment, described tubular body of heater 3 tilts to install and refers to and be inclined relative to horizontal installation, and the angle that tilts to install determines according to the characteristic of cleaved thing and composition; Certainly, the angular adjustment apparatus of hydraulic pressure or machinery also can be installed on described pedestal 1, so that described tubular body of heater 3 has best angle of inclination for the cleaved thing of heterogeneity or humidity, guarantee that the present embodiment is in best working order.
Riding wheel apparatus and body of heater rotating driving device 43 are installed between described tubular body of heater 3 and described pedestal 1; Described riding wheel apparatus comprises and is arranged on described pedestal 1 and the two pair support rollers 41 corresponding with described tubular body of heater 3 two ends, and described tubular body of heater 3 two ends outside surfaces are installed with the annular holder rail 42 corresponding with described support roller 41.When described tubular body of heater 3 weight are when larger, on described pedestal 1, can set up at least one pair of top wheel, described top wheel is resisted against described annular holder rail 42 sides, safe and reliable to guarantee described tubular body of heater 3.Described body of heater rotating driving device 43 comprises the electric motor being fixedly mounted on described pedestal 1, described motor power is connected with wheel box, the clutch end of described wheel box is provided with driving toothed gear, is installed with the gear ring with described driving toothed gear engagement on described tubular body of heater 3.
Between the two ends of described kiln cylinder 2 and described tubular body of heater 3, be respectively equipped with dynamic sealing device, in the present embodiment, described moving rotary sealing appts comprises stuffing seal, and described stuffing seal is sealed structure conventional under hot conditions, and at this, it is no longer repeated.
In the present embodiment, on described pedestal 1, be installed with the sealing charging air-out apparatus coordinating with described tubular body of heater 3 upper ends, between described sealing charging air-out apparatus and described tubular body of heater 3, be provided with dynamic sealing device, dynamic sealing device is known tightness system, have various structures, what the present embodiment was selected is stuffing seal conventional under hot conditions.The upper end of described tubular body of heater 3 is provided with air outlet temperature table 35, and to monitor the air outlet temperature of described tubular body of heater 3, assurance reaction is carried out fully smooth and easy.
As Fig. 6, shown in Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, described sealing charging air-out apparatus comprises the body of heater guide cylinder 51 that is fixedly installed on described tubular body of heater 3 upper ends, the outer end of described body of heater guide cylinder 51 is socketed with spiral conveyer housing 52, between described body of heater guide cylinder 51 and described spiral conveyer housing 52, be provided with dynamic sealing device, described spiral conveyer housing 52 is fixed on described pedestal 1, the top of described spiral conveyer housing 52 is provided with hopper 53, the axis of described body of heater guide cylinder 51 and described spiral conveyer housing 52 is provided with and runs through described spiral conveyer housing 52 and extend to the gas cylinder 54 in described tubular body of heater 3, the periphery of described gas cylinder 54 is fixed with the feeding packing auger 55 coordinating with described body of heater guide cylinder 51 and described spiral conveyer housing 52, the outer end of described gas cylinder 54 is provided with plenum chamber 56, described gas cylinder 54 is rotatably installed on described spiral conveyer housing 52 and described plenum chamber 56, on described gas cylinder 54, be also provided with gas cylinder rotating driving device 541, in order to guarantee the unimpeded of described gas cylinder 54, gas cylinder deashing auger 542 is installed in described gas cylinder 54, the deashing of gas cylinder described in the present embodiment auger 542 is shaftless auger.On described pedestal 1, deashing drive unit 543 is installed, described deashing drive unit 543 is provided with the deashing screw-conveyer-shaft 544 that runs through described plenum chamber 56, and described deashing screw-conveyer-shaft 544 is fixedly connected with described gas cylinder deashing auger 542; Described plenum chamber 56 is provided with the floating pipe sealing and connecting device being connected with gas pipe line 565, and described plenum chamber 56 bottoms are provided with ash output hole 561.
Refer to Fig. 7, for obtaining better choke effect, described feeding packing auger 55 is provided with the charging choke auger section 551 of auger periphery indent.In described feeding packing auger 55 material conveying process and carry complete in the situation that, charging choke auger section 551 retains all the time one section of material and is not fed auger 55 and sees off, thereby play, stops cracked gas by the excessive effect of described hopper 53.
Refer to Fig. 8, described floating pipe sealing and connecting device comprises the plenum chamber escape pipe 562 that is fixedly installed on described plenum chamber 56 tops, the outer water seal gland 563 that is set with of described plenum chamber escape pipe 562, the upper end open of described water seal gland 563, in described water seal gland 563, be loaded with water, described plenum chamber escape pipe 562 upper covers are buckled with gas skirt 564, and the opening of described gas skirt 564 is positioned at below the liquid level of described water seal gland 563, and described gas skirt 564 is fixedly connected with described gas pipe line 565.Described water seal gland 563 and described gas skirt 564 form siphon sealing, and described water seal gland 563 does not contact mutually with described gas skirt 564, has cut off the route that gravity transmits by pipeline, and have avoided causing damage to equipment because of the stress that pipeline thermal distortion produces.
In the present embodiment, described gas cylinder rotating driving device 541 comprises electric motor and speed change gear.Described deashing drive unit 543 comprises electric motor and wheel box.Speed change gear and wheel box are all known equipment, at this, are no longer repeated in this description.
Refer to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, described kiln cylinder 2 bottoms corresponding to described tubular body of heater 3 low sides are provided with tubular body of heater heating unit 6, the high-end kiln cylinder smoke outlet 21 that is provided with of described kiln cylinder 2, in the present embodiment, the burner hearth of described tubular body of heater heating unit 6 and the inner chamber of described kiln cylinder 2 are communicated with, and described tubular body of heater heating unit 6 is combustible gas combustion furnace.Due to the outer sheathed described kiln cylinder 2 of described tubular body of heater 3, first the hot flue gas in described kiln cylinder 2 heats described tubular body of heater 3 from described tubular body of heater 3 peripheries, to provide scission reaction needed portion of energy.For heat being delivered to fast in described tubular body of heater 3, described tubular body of heater 3 inner chambers are provided with interior heating cylindrical shell 32, described interior heating cylindrical shell 32 is provided with and runs through described tubular body of heater 3 and corresponding to the hot blast inlet pipe group 33 of described tubular body of heater heating unit 6, and described interior heating cylindrical shell 32 is provided with and runs through described tubular body of heater 3 and corresponding to the hot blast escape pipe group 34 of described kiln cylinder smoke outlet 21.
In the present embodiment, described hot blast inlet pipe group 33 comprises five hot blast inlet pipe; Described hot blast inlet pipe being projected as circumferentially on described interior heating cylindrical shell 32 cross sections is evenly arranged, its effect is the rotation along with described tubular body of heater 3, all the time there is the mouth of pipe of hot blast inlet pipe towards described tubular body of heater heating unit 6, the hot blast of described tubular body of heater heating unit 6 is incorporated in described interior heating cylindrical shell 32; Described hot blast inlet pipe is along described interior heating cylindrical shell 32 axial screw layouts, and its effect is to make described hot blast inlet pipe can not hinder the Flow of Goods and Materials in described tubular body of heater 3, to guarantee carrying out smoothly of gasification cracking.
In the present embodiment, described hot blast escape pipe group 34 comprises five hot blast escape pipes; Described hot blast escape pipe being projected as circumferentially on described interior heating cylindrical shell 32 cross sections is evenly arranged, its effect is the rotation along with described tubular body of heater 3, all the time there is the mouth of pipe of hot blast escape pipe towards described kiln cylinder smoke outlet 21, the hot blast in described interior heating cylindrical shell 32 is discharged to described kiln cylinder smoke outlet 21 places; Described hot blast escape pipe is along described interior heating cylindrical shell 32 axial screw layouts, and its effect is to make described hot blast escape pipe can not hinder the Flow of Goods and Materials in described tubular body of heater 3, to guarantee carrying out smoothly of gasification cracking.
The inwall of the described kiln cylinder of described tubular body of heater 3 correspondences between described hot blast inlet pipe group 33 and described hot blast escape pipe group 34 is provided with hot blast unhurried current wall 23.The effect of described hot blast unhurried current wall 23 is the flow areas that slow down in the described kiln cylinder of hot blast outside described tubular body of heater 3, and hot blast as much as possible is entered in described interior heating cylindrical shell 32.
For cleaved thing is fully dried and cracking, on the inwall of the described tubular body of heater 3 of the present embodiment, be fixed with guide screw-blade 31.Along with the rotation of described tubular body of heater 3, described guide screw-blade 31 constantly by cleaved thing to described tubular body of heater 3 low side guides, gasification cracking reacting balance is carried out.In the present embodiment, for convenience of installing and maintenance, described kiln cylinder 2 is provided with a plurality of service hatches 22.
The cleaved thing of the present embodiment is continuously admitted in described tubular body of heater 3 by described sealing charging air-out apparatus.Due to the relative movement of described tubular body of heater 3, cleaved thing is all the time in noncoking state, and under the dual function of described guide screw-blade and gravity, to low side unhurried current and under, and constantly cleaved.The energy of the present embodiment gasification cracking comes from described tubular body of heater heating unit 6, described tubular body of heater heating unit 6 directly transfers energy to described tubular body of heater 3 inside by described interior heating cylindrical shell 32 on the one hand, by heating tubular body of heater 3 outside surfaces, provide cracking institute energy requirement for the cleaved thing in described tubular body of heater 3 on the other hand, and flue gas enters in described kiln cylinder 2 and also can described tubular body of heater 3 outside surfaces in described kiln cylinder 2 be heated, provide cleaved thing to carry out the needed heat of cracking, guarantee scission reaction fast, fully carry out.
Cleaved thing is through gasification cracking, and the gasification cracking gas of generation enters in purification and condensation, oily water separating equipment by described floating pipe sealing and connecting device, crude oil and not solidifying combustible gas can be separated; Then by the distillation of crude oil process, can make gasoline and diesel oil; Solidifying combustible gas partly can be used as ignition dope and offers described tubular body of heater heating unit 6, all the other as combustible gas for industrial and agricultural production and live.The equipment and process of purification and condensation, oily water separation and distillation is known, at this, is no longer repeated in this description.
Refer to Fig. 9, described tubular body of heater 3 lower ends are provided with sealed deslagging device; Described sealed deslagging device comprises that the body of heater that is fixedly installed on described tubular body of heater 3 lower ends leads slag cylinder 71, the tail end that described body of heater is led slag cylinder 71 is connected with slag trapping box 72, described body of heater is led between slag cylinder 71 and slag trapping box 72 and is provided with dynamic sealing device, described slag trapping box 72 is connected with water coolant plenum system, the bottom of described slag trapping box 72 be provided with the water in described slag trapping box 72, drag for slag drag for slag auger 73, the top of described slag trapping box 72 is connected with steam pneumatic tube 74; On described pedestal 1, the drive unit 75 of slagging tap is installed, the described drive unit 75 of slagging tap is connected with the screw-conveyer-shaft 76 of slagging tap, the described screw-conveyer-shaft 76 of slagging tap runs through described slag trapping box 72 and deeply leads in slag cylinder 71 to described body of heater, corresponding to described body of heater lead slag cylinder 71 described in the screw-conveyer-shaft 76 of slagging tap be provided with the auger 77 of slagging tap; In the present embodiment, described body of heater is led on slag cylinder 71 tapping temperature table 711 is installed, and to monitor tapping temperature, controls speed of response.
The described auger 77 of slagging tap is provided with the choke auger section 771 of slagging tap of auger periphery indent.In the described auger 77 tapping process neutralizations of slagging tap, slag tap complete in the situation that, the choke auger section 771 of slagging tap retains the primary reformer slag auger 77 of not slagged tap all the time to be seen off, thereby play, stops cracked gas to lead the excessive effect of slag cylinder 71 by described body of heater.
The described drive unit 75 of slagging tap comprises the electric motor of slagging tap, described in slag tap electric motor and described in slag tap and between screw-conveyer-shaft 76, be provided with chain sprocket speed change gear.
The slag of the abundant gasification cracking of process enters described body of heater and leads in slag cylinder 71, through described in the slag tap rotation of auger 77, slag flow in the water in described slag trapping box 72, the heat energy existing in slag is absorbed by water and becomes steam, from described steam pneumatic tube 74, export and be collected utilization, take full advantage of the energy.In the present embodiment, described water coolant plenum system (not shown) is known automatic water supply system, when the water level in described slag trapping box 72 declines, automatically supplements water coolant and enters wherein.
The present embodiment has advantages of following outstanding:
1. because tubular body of heater integral-rotation and being obliquely installed, cleaved thing relies on gravity to move up and down in tubular body of heater inside, cleaved thing is dynamically and changes in gasification cracking process, so good permeability of the bed of material, reacting balance is quick, gasification cracking gas rises unobstructed, has avoided the generation of gasification cracking non-uniform phenomenon.
2. because tubular body of heater integral-rotation, the lime-ash parcel after constantly cleaved after cleaved thing fusing, can not stick together, and cleaved thing operation is smooth and easy, and stifled stove phenomenon can not occur, and cracking process steadily continues.
3. because the setting of described interior heating cylindrical shell, at tubular body of heater in rotary course, when heating tube group is rotated to opening during towards tubular body of heater heating unit, constantly there are heat or flame to enter in described interior heating cylindrical shell by heating tube group, the cleaved thing that gasification cracking institute energy requirement is given from tubular body of heater internal delivery, lysis efficiency improves more than 80%, has saved the cracking energy, has reduced cracking cost; And described interior heating cylindrical shell becomes the material channel of described tubular body of heater into annular, avoided cleaved thing agglomerating and stop up described tubular body of heater, improved reaction area, make gasification cracking reaction evenly fully.

Claims (10)

1. improved energy-conservation continuous gasification pyrolyzer, comprise pedestal, on described pedestal, be installed with kiln cylinder, in described kiln cylinder, be provided with the tubular body of heater outside described kiln cylinder through described kiln cylinder and two-end part, described tubular tilting furnace arranges, and riding wheel apparatus and body of heater rotating driving device are installed between described tubular body of heater and described pedestal; Between the two ends of described kiln cylinder and described tubular body of heater, be provided with dynamic sealing device; On described pedestal, be installed with the sealing charging air-out apparatus coordinating with described tubular body of heater upper end, between described sealing charging air-out apparatus and described tubular body of heater, be provided with dynamic sealing device; Described tubular body of heater lower end is provided with sealed deslagging device; Described kiln cylinder bottom corresponding to described tubular body of heater low side is provided with tubular body of heater heating unit, the high-end kiln cylinder smoke outlet that is provided with of described kiln cylinder; The burner hearth of described tubular body of heater heating unit and the inner chamber of described kiln cylinder are communicated with; It is characterized in that: described tubular body of heater inner chamber is provided with interior heating cylindrical shell, described interior heating cylindrical shell is provided with and runs through described tubular body of heater and corresponding to the hot blast inlet pipe group of described tubular body of heater heating unit, and described interior heating cylindrical shell is provided with and runs through described tubular body of heater and corresponding to the hot blast escape pipe group of described kiln cylinder smoke outlet.
2. improved energy-conservation continuous gasification pyrolyzer as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described hot blast inlet pipe group comprises at least three hot blast inlet pipe, described hot blast inlet pipe being projected as circumferentially on described interior heating cylindrical shell cross section is evenly arranged, and described hot blast inlet pipe is along described interior cartridge heater axon to screw arrangement.
3. improved energy-conservation continuous gasification pyrolyzer as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described hot blast escape pipe group comprises at least three hot blast escape pipes, described hot blast escape pipe being projected as circumferentially on described interior heating cylindrical shell cross section is evenly arranged, and described hot blast escape pipe is along described interior cartridge heater axon to screw arrangement.
4. improved energy-conservation continuous gasification pyrolyzer as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the inwall of the described kiln cylinder that described tubular body of heater between described hot blast inlet pipe group and described hot blast escape pipe group is corresponding is provided with hot blast unhurried current wall.
5. improved energy-conservation continuous gasification pyrolyzer as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: on the inwall of described tubular body of heater, be fixed with guide screw-blade.
6. improved energy-conservation continuous gasification pyrolyzer as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described sealing charging air-out apparatus comprises the body of heater guide cylinder that is fixedly installed on described tubular body of heater upper end, the outer end of described body of heater guide cylinder is socketed with spiral conveyer housing, between described body of heater guide cylinder and described spiral conveyer housing, be provided with dynamic sealing device, described spiral conveyer housing is fixed on described pedestal, the top of described spiral conveyer housing is provided with hopper, the axis of described body of heater guide cylinder and described spiral conveyer housing is provided with and runs through described spiral conveyer housing and extend to the gas cylinder in described tubular body of heater, the periphery of described gas cylinder is fixed with the feeding packing auger coordinating with described body of heater guide cylinder and described spiral conveyer housing, the outer end of described gas cylinder is provided with plenum chamber, described gas cylinder is rotatably installed on described spiral conveyer housing and described plenum chamber, on described gas cylinder, be also provided with gas cylinder rotating driving device, gas cylinder deashing auger is installed in described gas cylinder, deashing drive unit is installed on described pedestal, described deashing drive unit is provided with the deashing screw-conveyer-shaft that runs through described plenum chamber, described deashing screw-conveyer-shaft is fixedly connected with described gas cylinder deashing auger, described plenum chamber is provided with the floating pipe sealing and connecting device being connected with gas pipe line, and described plenum chamber bottom is provided with ash output hole.
7. improved energy-conservation continuous gasification pyrolyzer as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: described feeding packing auger is provided with the charging choke auger section of auger periphery indent.
8. improved energy-conservation continuous gasification pyrolyzer as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that: described floating pipe sealing and connecting device comprises the plenum chamber escape pipe that is fixedly installed on described plenum chamber top, described plenum chamber escape pipe is set with water seal gland outward, the upper end open of described water seal gland, in described water seal gland, be loaded with water, described plenum chamber escape pipe upper cover is buckled with gas skirt, the opening of described gas skirt is positioned at below the liquid level of described water seal gland, and described gas skirt is fixedly connected with described gas pipe line.
9. the improved energy-conservation continuous gasification pyrolyzer as described in claim as arbitrary in claim 1 to 8, it is characterized in that: described sealed deslagging device comprises that the body of heater that is fixedly installed on described tubular body of heater lower end leads slag cylinder, the tail end that described body of heater is led slag cylinder is connected with slag trapping box, described body of heater is led between slag cylinder and slag trapping box and is provided with dynamic sealing device, described slag trapping box is connected with water coolant plenum system, the bottom of described slag trapping box be provided with the water in described slag trapping box, drag for slag drag for slag auger, the top of described slag trapping box is connected with steam pneumatic tube; On described pedestal, the drive unit of slagging tap is installed, the described drive unit of slagging tap is connected with the screw-conveyer-shaft of slagging tap, the described screw-conveyer-shaft of slagging tap runs through described slag trapping box and deeply leads in slag cylinder to described body of heater, corresponding to described body of heater lead slag cylinder described in the screw-conveyer-shaft of slagging tap be provided with the auger of slagging tap.
10. improved energy-conservation continuous gasification pyrolyzer as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that: described in the auger of slagging tap be provided with the choke auger section of slagging tap of auger periphery indent.
CN201310608236.9A 2013-11-25 2013-11-25 Improved energy-saving continuous gasification cracking furnace CN103589441B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310608236.9A CN103589441B (en) 2013-11-25 2013-11-25 Improved energy-saving continuous gasification cracking furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310608236.9A CN103589441B (en) 2013-11-25 2013-11-25 Improved energy-saving continuous gasification cracking furnace

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103589441A CN103589441A (en) 2014-02-19
CN103589441B true CN103589441B (en) 2014-11-19

Family

ID=50079767

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310608236.9A CN103589441B (en) 2013-11-25 2013-11-25 Improved energy-saving continuous gasification cracking furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103589441B (en)

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103788972B (en) * 2014-02-25 2015-06-10 合肥工业大学 Internal-combustion heating rotary vane type biomass gasification furnace
CN103788978B (en) * 2014-02-25 2015-09-09 合肥工业大学 Internal combustion heating Spiralism type biomass pyrolysis liquefaction device
CN104190687A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-12-10 三零一(深圳)环保科技有限公司 High-temperature-resisting box capable of continuously discharging slag and gas and rotary gasification decomposing device thereof
CN105505410B (en) * 2015-11-30 2018-09-04 华电重工股份有限公司 A kind of rotary dry distillation stove charging gear and its feeding method
CN105482841B (en) * 2016-01-14 2017-12-15 王崇峰 A kind of screw propulsion material external-heat dry distillation of coal device
CN107741017B (en) * 2017-11-17 2020-05-19 华南理工大学 Efficient low-pollution rural garbage pyrolysis method and device
CN112391178A (en) * 2019-08-14 2021-02-23 招远市汇潮新能源科技有限公司 Rotary equipment

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20110119194A (en) * 2010-04-27 2011-11-02 (주)케이티중공업 Thermal decomposition reactor for rubber scrap and rubber flack
CN102911676A (en) * 2012-09-29 2013-02-06 蓝星(北京)化工机械有限公司 Dry distillation carbonization furnace with flue pipe and carbonization method
CN102994104A (en) * 2011-12-21 2013-03-27 山西鑫立能源科技有限公司 Coal pyrolysis furnace
CN103060002A (en) * 2013-01-16 2013-04-24 潍坊金丝达环境工程股份有限公司 Composite furnace for recycling conversion of combustible material
CN103060013A (en) * 2013-01-16 2013-04-24 潍坊金丝达环境工程股份有限公司 Continuous gasifying and cracking multi-effect furnace for plastic recycling
GB2500415A (en) * 2012-03-21 2013-09-25 Carbon Compost Company Ltd Retort for producing charcoal
CN203498319U (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-03-26 潍坊金丝达环境工程股份有限公司 Improved energy-saving continuous gasification cracking furnace

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20110119194A (en) * 2010-04-27 2011-11-02 (주)케이티중공업 Thermal decomposition reactor for rubber scrap and rubber flack
CN102994104A (en) * 2011-12-21 2013-03-27 山西鑫立能源科技有限公司 Coal pyrolysis furnace
GB2500415A (en) * 2012-03-21 2013-09-25 Carbon Compost Company Ltd Retort for producing charcoal
CN102911676A (en) * 2012-09-29 2013-02-06 蓝星(北京)化工机械有限公司 Dry distillation carbonization furnace with flue pipe and carbonization method
CN103060002A (en) * 2013-01-16 2013-04-24 潍坊金丝达环境工程股份有限公司 Composite furnace for recycling conversion of combustible material
CN103060013A (en) * 2013-01-16 2013-04-24 潍坊金丝达环境工程股份有限公司 Continuous gasifying and cracking multi-effect furnace for plastic recycling
CN203498319U (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-03-26 潍坊金丝达环境工程股份有限公司 Improved energy-saving continuous gasification cracking furnace

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103589441A (en) 2014-02-19

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102706140B (en) Pyrolysis garbage technology performed by means of double-cylinder rotary kiln
CN101790577B (en) Method for gasifying solid fuel and concurrent gasifier
CN102786940B (en) Coal-pyrolyzing and carbonizing device of coal pyrolyzing furnace
CN107649491B (en) Vertical multidirectional heating organic solid waste pyrolysis device
CN101712878B (en) Moving-bed retorting furnace heated comprehensively by radiant tube and circulating airflow
CN101963356B (en) Combustion system of vertical incinerator for household refuse suitable for power generation and control method thereof
EP2921776B1 (en) Device for centrifugal combustion by area using flow of combustion air
CN103940081B (en) A kind of biomass thermal wind furnace
CN105368497B (en) Biological material microwave radiation technology pyrolysis gasifying device and its application method
CN102840587A (en) Compound method and system for directly recovering heat inside and outside rotary kiln
CN204329000U (en) Boiler dedicated biomass particle burning machine
CN102816581A (en) Vertical tube moving bed continuous pyrolysis apparatus for biomass
CN101144022B (en) Three-section type biomass gasifying furnace
CN201964423U (en) Pyrolysis and pyrolysis gas secondary combustion integral burning equipment
CN201040744Y (en) Biomass fluidization dynamic pyrolysis furnace
CN104099111B (en) The continuous overall pyrolysis oven of biomass
CN101220299A (en) Device and method for production synthesis gas energy conservation and emission reduction of static bed gas making furnace
CN205669810U (en) The garbage carbonized pyrolysis furnace of one way of life
CN202885493U (en) Gas energy-saving type expanding equipment for perlite
CN102963890B (en) Carbonization activation integrated furnace
WO2017049743A1 (en) Fresh air pre-heating fuel dust recovery type gasification furnace
CN103851634A (en) Method and Device for Thermal Post-Combustion of Hydrocarbon-Containing Gases
CN103047857B (en) Biomass smelting furnace
CA2806969C (en) Coal material decomposing device with screw-type cabin
CN101851522B (en) External heating type retort furnace

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant